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Cervical cancer review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086933/self-collection-based-hpv-testing-for-cervical-cancer-screening-among-women-living-with-hiv-in-uganda-a-descriptive-analysis-of-knowledge-intentions-to-screen-and-factors-associated-with-hpv-positivity
#1
Sheona M Mitchell, Heather N Pedersen, Evelyn Eng Stime, Musa Sekikubo, Erin Moses, David Mwesigwa, Christine Biryabarema, Jan Christilaw, Josaphat K Byamugisha, Deborah M Money, Gina S Ogilvie
BACKGROUND: Women living with HIV (WHIV) are disproportionately impacted by cervical dysplasia and cancer. The burden is greatest in low-income countries where limited or no access to screening exists. The goal of this study was to describe knowledge and intentions of WHIV towards HPV self-collection for cervical cancer screening, and to report on factors related to HPV positivity among women who participated in testing. METHODS: A validated survey was administered to 87 HIV positive women attending the Kisenyi Health Unit aged 30-69 years old, and data was abstracted from chart review...
January 13, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081032/a-systematic-review-of-the-factors-influencing-ethnic-minority-women-s-cervical-cancer-screening-behavior-from-intrapersonal-to-policy-level
#2
Dorothy N S Chan, Winnie K W So
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer can be prevented by effective screening using Papanicolaou tests, but the utilization rate is lower among ethnic minorities than in the general population. Understanding the factors influencing minorities' use of such screening can aid the design of an appropriate intervention to increase their uptake rate. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to examine the factors that influence ethnic minority women in using cervical cancer screening and the similarities and differences in associated factors across different groups and to explore the interrelationships between the factors identified...
January 9, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077792/prognostic-value-of-the-pretreatment-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-cervical-cancer-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#3
Jiayuan Wu, Manyu Chen, Caixia Liang, Wenmei Su
The prognostic value of pretreatment neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in cervical cancer remains controversial. We conducted a meta-analysis based on the data from 13 studies with 3729 patients to evaluate the association between the pretreatment NLR and the clinical outcomes of overall survival and progression-free survival in patients with cervical cancer. The relationship between NLR and clinicopathological parameters was also assessed. Hazard ratio (HR) or odds ratio (OR) with its 95% confidence interval (CI) was used as the effect size estimate...
January 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058562/effectiveness-of-repeat-18f-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-computerized-tomography-pet-ct-scan-in-identifying-interval-metastases-for-patients-with-esophageal-cancer
#4
Emmanuel Gabriel, Raed Alnaji, William Du, Kristopher Attwood, Moshim Kukar, Steven Hochwald
INTRODUCTION: An 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computerized tomography (PET-CT) scan is performed after neoadjuvant chemoradiation (nCRT) to restage esophageal cancer. The purpose of this study was to determine the ability of PET-CT to accurately identify interval metastatic disease following nCRT. METHODS: This was a single-institution retrospective review (January 2005-February 2012) of patients with esophageal cancer treated with nCRT who underwent pre- and post-nCRT PET-CT...
January 5, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057913/humoral-hypercalcemia-in-uterine-cancers-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
Vijeyaluxmy Motilal Nehru, Gwenalyn Garcia, Juan Ding, Fanyi Kong, Qun Dai
BACKGROUND Paraneoplastic hypercalcemia is a well-described complication associated with a variety of malignancies. However, its incidence in gynecological malignancies is low. CASE REPORT A 53-year-old woman presented with progressive abdominal distention and irregular vaginal bleeding of several weeks' duration. A contrast CT abdomen and pelvis was significant for a mass in the lower uterine/cervical region, multiple peritoneal and omental masses, enlarged pelvic and paraaortic lymph nodes, and large-volume ascites...
January 6, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053902/human-papilloma-virus-in-oral-cancer
#6
REVIEW
Soung Min Kim
Cervical cancer is the second most prevalent cancer among women, and it arises from cells that originate in the cervix uteri. Among several causes of cervical malignancies, infection with some types of human papilloma virus (HPV) is well known to be the greatest cervical cancer risk factor. Over 150 subtypes of HPV have been identified; more than 40 types of HPVs are typically transmitted through sexual contact and infect the anogenital region and oral cavity. The recently introduced vaccine for HPV infection is effective against certain subtypes of HPV that are associated with cervical cancer, genital warts, and some less common cancers, including oropharyngeal cancer...
December 2016: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042137/immunogenicity-and-safety-of-human-papillomavirus-hpv-vaccination-in-asian-populations-from-six-countries-a-meta-analysis
#7
Didik Setiawan, Jos Luttjeboer, Koen B Pouwels, Jan C Wilschut, Maarten J Postma
Cervical cancer is a serious public-health problem in Asian countries. Since human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the main risk factor for cervical cancer, HPV vaccination is considered a promising strategy to prevent cervical cancer. However, comprehensive immunogenicity and safety information for Asian populations is lacking. We searched four electronic databases including PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and clinicaltrials.gov. We reviewed selected manuscripts and extracted the pooled relative risk (RR) from immunogenicity and safety information on HPV vaccination among women in Asian countries...
January 1, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039602/residential-segregation-and-racial-cancer-disparities-a-systematic-review
#8
Hope Landrine, Irma Corral, Joseph G L Lee, Jimmy T Efird, Marla B Hall, Jukelia J Bess
BACKGROUND: This paper provides the first review of empirical studies of segregation and black-white cancer disparities. METHODS: We searched all years of PubMed (through May 2016) using these terms: racial segregation, residential segregation, neighborhood racial composition (first terms) and (second terms) cancer incidence, mortality, survival, stage at diagnosis, screening. The 17 (of 668) articles that measured both segregation and a cancer outcome were retained...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034487/does-the-time-of-radiotherapy-affect-treatment-outcomes-a-review-of-the-literature
#9
S Chan, L Rowbottom, R McDonald, G A Bjarnason, M Tsao, C Danjoux, E Barnes, M Popovic, H Lam, C DeAngelis, E Chow
Circadian rhythm-dependent cell cycle progression produces daily variations in radiosensitivity. This literature review aims to summarise the data on whether radiotherapy outcomes differ depending on administration time. A literature search was conducted on Ovid Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and PubMed using key words such as 'radiotherapy', 'circadian rhythm', 'treatment outcome' and 'survival'. Articles evaluating the correlation between radiotherapy time and outcomes in cancer patients were included and relevant information was extracted...
December 26, 2016: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032679/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-nasal-cavity-and-paranasal-sinus-cancers
#10
Farzan Siddiqui, Richard V Smith, Sue S Yom, Jonathan J Beitler, Paul M Busse, Jay S Cooper, Ehab Y Hanna, Christopher U Jones, Shlomo A Koyfman, Harry Quon, John A Ridge, Nabil F Saba, Francis Worden, Min Yao, Joseph K Salama
The American College of Radiology (ACR) Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed annually by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and revision include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer-reviewed journals and the application of well-established methodologies (RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation or GRADE) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures for specific clinical scenarios...
December 29, 2016: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031050/prognostic-factors-and-failure-patterns-in-non-metastatic-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-after-intensity-modulated-radiotherapy
#11
Yan-Ping Mao, Ling-Long Tang, Lei Chen, Ying Sun, Zhen-Yu Qi, Guan-Qun Zhou, Li-Zhi Liu, Li Li, Ai-Hua Lin, Jun Ma
BACKGROUND: The prognostic values of staging parameters require continual re-assessment amid changes in diagnostic and therapeutic methods. This study aimed to identify the prognostic factors and failure patterns of non-metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) in the intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) era. METHODS: We reviewed the data from 749 patients with newly diagnosed, biopsy-proven, non-metastatic NPC in our cancer center (South China, an NPC endemic area) between January 2003 and December 2007...
December 28, 2016: Chinese Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028992/impact-of-histological-subtype-on-survival-in-patients-with-locally-advanced-cervical-cancer-that-were-treated-with-definitive-radiotherapy-adenocarcinoma-adenosquamous-carcinoma-versus-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#12
Eriko Yokoi, Seiji Mabuchi, Ryoko Takahashi, Yuri Matsumoto, Hiromasa Kuroda, Katsumi Kozasa, Tadashi Kimura
OBJECTIVE: To compare the survival outcomes of patients with cervical squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and adenocarcinoma/adenosquamous carcinoma (AC/ASC) among patients with locally advanced cervical cancer that were treated with definitive radiotherapy. METHODS: The baseline characteristics and outcome data of patients with locally advanced cervical cancer who were treated with definitive radiotherapy between November 1993 and February 2014 were collected and retrospectively reviewed...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024682/coming-of-age-women-s-sexual-and-reproductive-health-after-twenty-one-years-of-democracy-in-south-africa
#13
Diane Cooper, Jane Harries, Jennifer Moodley, Deborah Constant, Rebecca Hodes, Cathy Mathews, Chelsea Morroni, Margaret Hoffman
This paper is a sequel to a 2004 article that reviewed South Africa's introduction of new sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and rights laws, policies and programmes, a decade into democracy. Similarly to the previous article, this paper focuses on key areas of women's SRH: contraception and fertility, abortion, maternal health, HIV, cervical and breast cancer and sexual violence. In the last decade, South Africa has retained and expanded its sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) policies in the areas of abortion, contraception, youth and HIV treatment (with the largest antiretroviral treatment programme in the world)...
November 2016: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012689/oncofertility-for-women-with-gynecologic-malignancies
#14
REVIEW
Jessica L Chan, Erica T Wang
The emerging field of oncofertility addresses fertility and the reproductive health needs for cancer patients, a key topic in cancer survivorship. Given that the standard treatment for gynecologic malignancies involves removal of reproductive organs, pelvic radiation, or chemotherapy, the effect of such treatment on fertility and options for fertility preservation are even more relevant than for other malignancies. In young women with new diagnoses of cervical, endometrial, or ovarian cancers, viable strategies for fertility preservation without compromising oncological outcome exist and should be considered...
December 21, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011816/psychological-impact-of-primary-screening-pips-for-hpv-a-protocol-for-a-cross-sectional-evaluation-within-the-nhs-cervical-screening-programme
#15
Emily McBride, Laura Marlow, Alice S Forster, Sue Moss, Jonathan Myles, Henry Kitchener, Julietta Patnick, Jo Waller
INTRODUCTION: The NHS Cervical Screening Programme is now using human papillomavirus (HPV) testing as the primary test in six sentinel sites in England, with the intention of rolling this out across the whole of England. Previous research evaluating HPV testing in the cervical screening context suggests that an HPV-positive result may increase anxiety beyond that associated with abnormal cytology, but this has not been explored in the context of primary HPV testing. The main aim of this study is to explore the impact of the HPV primary screening programme on anxiety and distress...
December 23, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011511/minimally-invasive-lymphadenectomy-in-uterine-cervical-cancer-a-systematic-review
#16
Natasa Rizou, Demetrios Moris, Emmanouil Pikoulis, Nikolaos Dimitrokallis, Eustratia Mpaili, Evangelos Felekouras, Alexandros Papalampros
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to review the current literature on the role of minimally invasive lymphadenectomy in the treatment of cervical cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Non-randomized control trials published between January 2007 to May 2016 were identified by searching the Pubmed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library databases. Primary endpoints included operative outcomes (operative time, intraoperative blood loss, number of transfused patients and conversion rates), postoperative outcomes (length of postoperative hospital stay, postoperative morbidity and postoperative in-hospital mortality), and oncological outcomes (number of harvested lymph nodes, tumor recurrence, disease-free rates and overall survival rates)...
January 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008773/radiotherapy-response-evaluation-using-fdg-pet-ct-established-and-emerging-applications
#17
Helen Cliffe, Chirag Patel, Robin Prestwich, Andrew Scarsbrook
Radiation therapy is a common component of curative cancer treatment. However, there is a significant incidence of treatment failure. In these cases salvage surgical options are sometimes appropriate. Accurate assessment of response and early recognition of treatment success or failure is therefore critical to guide treatment decisions and impacts on survival and the morbidity of treatment. Traditionally, treatment response has depended upon anatomical measurement of disease. However, this may not correlate well with the presence of disease, especially after radiotherapy...
December 23, 2016: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006858/eurogin-2016-roadmap-how-hpv-knowledge-is-changing-screening-practice
#18
REVIEW
Nicolas Wentzensen, Marc Arbyn, Johannes Berkhof, Mark Bower, Karen Canfell, Mark Einstein, Christopher Farley, Joseph Monsonego, Silvia Franceschi
Human papillomaviruses (HPV) are the necessary cause of most cervical cancers, a large proportion of other anogenital cancers, and a subset of oropharyngeal cancers. The knowledge about HPV has led to development of novel HPV-based prevention strategies with important impact on clinical and public health practice. Two complementary reviews have been prepared following the 2015 Eurogin Conference to evaluate how knowledge about HPV is changing practice in HPV infection and disease control through vaccination and screening...
December 22, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001084/resveratrol-as-an-anticancer-agent-a-review
#19
Abdur Rauf, Muhammad Imran, Masood Sadiq Butt, Muhammad Nadeem, Dennis G Peters, Mohammad S Mubarak
Owing to their antimicrobial, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory activity, grapes (Vitis vinifera L.) are the archetypal paradigms of fruits used not only for nutritional purposes but also for exclusive therapeutics. Grapes are a prominent and promising source of phytochemicals, especially resveratrol, a phytoalexin antioxidant found in red grapes which has both chemopreventive and therapeutic effects against various ailments. Resveratrol's role in reducing different human cancers, including breast, cervical, uterine, blood, kidney, liver, eye, bladder, thyroid, esophageal, prostate, brain, lung, skin, gastric, colon, head and neck, bone, ovarian, and cervical, has been reviewed...
December 21, 2016: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998471/-economic-burden-of-cancer-in-china-during-1996-2014-a-systematic-review
#20
J F Shi, C L Shi, X P Yue, H Y Huang, L Wang, J Li, P A Lou, A Y Mao, M Dai
Objective: To explore the current status of research on economic burden of cancer in China from 1996 to 2014. Methods: The key words including cancer, economic burden, expenditure, cost were used to retrieve the literatures published in CNKI and Wanfang (the two most commonly used databases for literature in Chinese) and PubMed during 1996-2014. A total of 91 studies were included after several exclusionary procedures. Information on subjects and data source, methodology, main results were structurally abstracted...
December 23, 2016: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
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