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Vaginal progesterone

E Azria
OBJECTIVES: To identify clinical situations in which progestatives used to reduce the risk of spontaneous preterm delivery and/or reduced adverse neonatal outcomes have been evaluated and identify situations in which 17OHPC or vaginal progesterone might be recommended. METHODS: Bibliographic searches were performed in the Medline and Cochrane databases with the use of a combination of keywords and text words related to "progesterone", "tocolysis", and "preterm labor" from 1956 through July 2016...
October 21, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
Reihaneh Pirjani, Reza Heidari, Abbas Rahimi-Foroushani, Seyedehsara Bayesh, Arezoo Esmailzadeh
AIM: The aim of this study was to compare 17-alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17OHP-C) with vaginal progesterone suppository for the prevention of preterm birth in women with a sonographically short cervix and to evaluate the changes of the cervical length (CL) over time. METHODS: In this prospective randomized controlled trial, eligible patients were asymptomatic pregnant women with a sonographically short cervix. The participants in group 1 (n = 147) received vaginal progesterone suppositories at a dose of 400 mg daily and the women in group 2 (n = 150) received an i...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Afsoon Zarei, Parastoo Sohail, Mohammad Ebrahim Parsanezhad, Saeed Alborzi, Alamtaj Samsami, Maryam Azizi
PURPOSE: To compare the pregnancy outcomes between four regimens of luteal phase support (LPS), including vaginal progesterone, oral dydrogesterone, combination of oral dydrogesterone and gonadotropin releasing hormone analog (GnRH-α), and combination of oral dydrogesterone and human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG), in Frozen-thawed Embryo Transfer (FET) cycles. METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was performed during a 6-month period, including candidates for FET...
October 19, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Ayşen Boza, Murat Api, Semra Kayatas, Mehmet Ceyhan, Baris Boza
A prospective study was conducted to evaluate the effect of progestogens on the pregnancy outcome of threatened abortion (TA). A total of 251 pregnant women less than 20 weeks of gestational age (GA) were included. Group 1 consisted of women with vaginal bleeding who had already been under treatment with progestogens and Group 2 was composed of women with vaginal bleeding who were only followed without progestogen therapy, whereas Group 3 was the control group without any vaginal bleeding or progestogen therapy...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Niloofar Karbasian, Mahdi Sheikh, Reihaneh Pirjani, Shahla Hazrati, Fatemeh Tara, Sedigheh Hantoushzadeh
AIM: We compared the effectiveness of a combined treatment involving cervical pessary plus vaginal progesterone to vaginal progesterone alone in decreasing the rate of preterm birth in women with short cervix in the second gestational trimester. METHODS: This prospective, open-label, randomized clinical trial was conducted on 144 pregnant women with singleton pregnancy who had a cervical length ≤ 25 mm, at 18-22 gestational weeks (GW). Seventy-three patients were assigned to receive 400 mg of daily vaginal progesterone (group A), and 73 to receive cervical pessary plus 400 mg of daily vaginal progesterone (group B), until the 37th GW...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Joanna Helena Sliwowska, Wendy L Comeau, Tamara S Bodnar, Linda Ellis, Joanne Weinberg
BACKGROUND: Reproductive maturation is initiated with the onset of puberty, which activates the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis and coincidences with increased expression of the hormone kisspeptin within the hypothalamus. Maturational events are sensitive to environmental factors, including alcohol, which is known to delay reproductive development. We hypothesized that, similar to alcohol's adverse effects during reproductive maturation, prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) would alter pubertal markers, sex hormone profiles, and kisspeptin expression in the hypothalamus...
September 30, 2016: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
X Lévy
Endoscopy enables a rapid and non-traumatic examination of the vaginal cavity of female dogs. Its implementation requires specific equipment as well as knowledge about the species-specific vaginal anatomy and the procedure. Vaginoscopy is the diagnostic tool of choice for several vaginal conditions and diseases such as congenital abnormalities, neoplasia or ectopic ureter. Furthermore, vaginal inspection may provide additional information in cases of vulvar discharge or infertility. Vaginoscopy is a superior tool compared to other methods in assisted reproduction...
September 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
Gian Carlo Di Renzo, Irene Giardina, Graziano Clerici, Eleonora Brillo, Sandro Gerli
Progesterone is an essential hormone in the process of reproduction. It is involved in the menstrual cycle, implantation and is essential for pregnancy maintenance. It has been proposed and extensively used in the treatment of different gynecological pathologies as well as in assisted reproductive technologies and in the maintenance of pregnancy. Called "the pregnancy hormone", natural progesterone is essential before pregnancy and has a crucial role in its maintenance based on different mechanisms such as: modulation of maternal immune response and suppression of inflammatory response (the presence of progesterone and its interaction with progesterone receptors at the decidua level appears to play a major role in the maternal defense strategy), reduction of uterine contractility (adequate progesterone concentrations in myometrium are able to counteract prostaglandin stimulatory activity as well as oxytocin), improvement of utero-placental circulation and luteal phase support (it has been demonstrated that progesterone may promote the invasion of extravillous trophoblasts to the decidua by inhibiting apoptosis of extravillous trophoblasts)...
July 1, 2016: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
Anupam Kapur, Ranjeeta Angomchanu, Madhusudan Dey
BACKGROUND: Fibroid or myoma is the commonest reported tumor of uterus, and is one of the important reasons for hysterectomy in our setting. Different drugs are available for medical management of fibroid uterus including mifepristone, a progesterone antagonist. Varying dosage regimen for mifepristone was studied as medical management of fibroid uterus. The aim of the project was to study the effect of mifepristone on the symptoms and size of fibroids, especially using a low-dose regimen for 6 months...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
A Rivera-Casas, G Parra, A Rueda, I Diaz, A Barrero, M A Parra-Saavedra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Eun Young Jung, Kyung Joon Oh, Joon-Seok Hong, Bo Ryoung Han, Jung Kyung Joo
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of vaginal progesterone as an adjuvant therapy to physical-exam-indicated cervical cerclage (PEICC). METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 53 consecutive singleton women who underwent PEICC because of acute cervical insufficiency at 17-24 gestational weeks. The study population was divided into two groups: the adjuvant progesterone group (n = 18) and the non-adjuvant group (n = 35). A 200-mg dose of vaginal micronized natural progesterone was administered after cerclage in the adjuvant progesterone group...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
G Donders, G Bellen, D Janssens, B Van Bulck, P Hinoul, J Verguts
The influence of contraception on vaginal microflora can have a major impact on the risk of developing acute or recurrent vaginal infections, but also may influence the risk of acquiring sexually transmissible infections (STI) such as HIV. A cohort of 248 women presenting for levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) insertion or reinsertion were stratified according to their current contraceptive method. Information concerning their menstrual pattern and data about the medical history were collected...
September 9, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Corrine Lu, Boon Lim, Stephen J Robson
OBJECTIVE: Data published from the United States have demonstrated that the use of cervical cerclage has fallen in the period 1998-2013. This is in contrast to recommendations in Australia. We examined this trend using data from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective population-based study. METHODS: Data from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare procedural database were used to determine the total number of cervical cerclage sutures inserted during the period 2004 to 2013...
September 12, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
David A Crosby, Jan Miletin, Jana Semberova, Sean Daly
INTRODUCTION: A recent meta-analysis has suggested that routine measurement of the cervical length should be performed in conjunction with the anomaly scan to identify a group of women at increased risk of preterm delivery. We decided to investigate whether this recommendation is justifiable in a population where the risk of preterm birth is low. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We reviewed 12 years of obstetric data from the Coombe Women and Infants University Hospital. Relative risks of adverse outcomes from the randomized controlled trial were applied and we extrapolated the possible numbers of women requiring intervention...
September 13, 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Fatemeh Abdi, Hamid Mobedi, Nasibeh Roozbeh
Menopause is a critical stage of women's life associated with various complaints and distresses. Vasomotor symptoms (VMS), such as hot flushes, night sweats, sleep disturbances, and fatigue, are the most common menopause symptoms affecting about 50% to 80% of middle-aged women. Obviously, these symptoms, resulting from estrogen deficiency during menopause, can exert negative effects on women's health and quality of life and thus require to be managed through approaches such as hormone replacement therapy (HRT)...
August 2016: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
Samuel Santos-Ribeiro, Nikolaos P Polyzos, Vuong Thi Ngoc Lan, Johannie Siffain, Shari Mackens, Lisbet Van Landuyt, Herman Tournaye, Christophe Blockeel
STUDY QUESTION: Does the timing of the first frozen embryo transfer (FET) after gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist triggering with the elective cryopreservation of all embryos affect pregnancy outcome? SUMMARY ANSWER: FETs performed immediately after a freeze-all cycle did not vary significantly from delayed FETs in terms of pregnancy rates. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: As interest in, and use of, the freeze-all strategy expands in the field of reproductive medicine, the optimal timing to perform the subsequent FET has become increasingly important...
September 8, 2016: Human Reproduction
Malipati Maerdan, Chunyan Shi, Xiaoxiao Zhang, Lixin Fan
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to understand the prevalence of short cervical length between 20 and 24 weeks gestation in China and to evaluate the efficacy of micronized progesterone for prolonging gestation in nulliparous patients with a short cervix. METHODS: From May 2010 to May 2015, a total of 25 328 asymptomatic women with singleton pregnancies at Peking University First Hospital had their cervical length routinely measured between 20 and 24 weeks of gestation...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Yung Lee, Sara E Dizzell, Vivian Leung, Aisha Nazli, Muhammad A Zahoor, Raina N Fichorova, Charu Kaushic
The lower female reproductive tract (FRT) is comprised of the cervix and vagina, surfaces that are continuously exposed to a variety of commensal and pathogenic organisms. Sexually transmitted viruses, such as herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2), have to traverse the mucosal epithelial lining of the FRT to establish infection. The majority of current culture systems that model the host-pathogen interactions in the mucosal epithelium have limitations in simulating physiological conditions as they employ a liquid-liquid interface (LLI), in which both apical and basolateral surfaces are submerged in growth medium...
2016: Viruses
Karen Peeraer, Thomas D'Hooghe, Pascale Laurent, Sofie Pelckmans, Annick Delvigne, Annouschka Laenen, M Welkenhuysen, Christine Wyns, Diane De Neubourg
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of luteal phase support (LPS) in intrauterine insemination (IUI) cycles stimulated with gonadotropins. DESIGN: Randomized multicenter trial. SETTING: Academic tertiary care centers and affiliated secondary care centers. PATIENT(S): Three hundred and ninety-three normo-ovulatory patients, <43 years, with body mass index ≤30 kg/m(2), in their first IUI cycle, with at least one patent tube, a normal uterine cavity, and a male partner with total motile sperm count ≥5 million after capacitation...
August 23, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Isabela K R Agra, Maria L Brizot, Mariana Y Miyadahira, Mário H B Carvalho, Rossana P V Francisco, Marcelo Zugaib
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the influence of vaginal progesterone on uterine circulation in asymptomatic twin gestations. STUDY DESIGN: This study was a secondary analysis of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of twin pregnancies exposed to vaginal progesterone or placebo. We included all trial participants who had undergone uterine artery pulsatility index evaluation at the time of randomization. During each ultrasound examination, the uterine artery pulsatility index was evaluated transabdominally...
October 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
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