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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720062/hes1-overexpression-promotes-cell-proliferation-and-invasion-in-breast-cancer-and-predicts-poor-survival
#1
Xiaoying Li, Yu Cao, Mu Li, Feng Jin
HES1 is a transcriptional repressor involved in cell differentiation and proliferation, but the expression pattern and biological roles of HES1 in breast cancer have not been examined. In this study, we examined HES1 expression in breast cancer tissues using immunohistochemistry and western blot analyses and investigated HES1 function using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide and Matrigel invasion assays. Significant relationships were observed between HES1 upregulation and advanced tumour-node-metastasis stage (p = 0...
July 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714033/evaluation-of-velvet-antler-total-protein-effect-on-bone-marrow%C3%A2-derived-endothelial-progenitor-cells
#2
Xiang Xiao, Lin Li, Shuqiang Xu, Min Mao, Ruiyan Pan, Yanjun Li, Jiayun Wu, Li Huang, Xiaoyun Zheng
Lu Rong, velvet antler (VA), is a traditional Chinese medicine, which is used as a food supplement and therapeutic drug in China, Japan, Russia, New Zealand and Southeast Asia. The regenerative characteristics of VA have resulted in great research interest, particularly regarding the fields of organ grafting and stem cell differentiation. Various VA proteomic studies verified that proteins act as the primary bioactive components of VA. The present study aimed to investigate if VA proteins (VA‑pro) influence endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) viability...
July 15, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712402/-xinfeng-capsule-improves-lung-function-by-regulating-notch-jagged-hes-axis-of-type-ii-alveolar-epithelial-cells-in-adjuvant-arthritis-rats
#3
Lei Wan, Jian Liu, Chuanbing Huang, Wandong Zhang, Yajun Qi, Xiaojun Zhang
Objective To observe the effect of Xinfeng Capsule (XFC) on Notch/Jagged-HES of type II alveolar epithelial cells (AECII). Methods Rats were divided for four groups: normal control (NC) group, model control (MC) group, leflunomide (LEF) group, XFC group, with 10 rats in each group. Complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) was injected in the right foot plantar skin of each rat except for the NC group. After adjuvant arthritis was successfully induced, LEF group was given LEF (0.5 mg/100 g), and XFC group was treated with XFC (0...
July 2017: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711903/notch-system-is-differentially-expressed-and-activated-in-pituitary-adenomas-of-distinct-histotype-tumor-cell-lines-and-normal-pituitaries
#4
Sofia Perrone, Lautaro Zubeldia-Brenner, Elias Gazza, Gianina Demarchi, Leticia Baccarini, Agustin Baricalla, Freya Mertens, Guillermina Luque, Hugo Vankelecom, Silvia Berner, Damasia Becu-Villalobos, Carolina Cristina
Pituitary adenomas are among the most frequent intracranial neoplasms and treatment depends on tumor subtype and clinical features. Unfortunately, non responder cases occur, then new molecular targets are needed.Notch system component expression and activation data are scarce in pituitary tumorigenesis, we therefore aimed to characterize Notch system in pituitary tumors of different histotype. In human pituitary adenomas we showed NOTCH1-4 receptors, JAGGED1 ligand and HES1 target gene expression with positive correlations between NOTCH1,2,4 and HES1, and NOTCH3 and JAGGED1 denoting Notch system activation in a subset of tumors...
July 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711654/involvement-of-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-and-neurite-outgrowth-in-the-model-mice-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#5
Koichi Kawada, Seisuke Mimori, Yasunobu Okuma, Yasuyuki Nomura
Neurodevelopmental disorders are congenital impairments, impeding the growth and development of the central nervous system. These disorders include autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5. ASD is caused by a gene defect and chromosomal duplication. Despite numerous reports on ASD, the pathogenic mechanisms are not clear. The optimal methods to prevent ASD and to treat it are also not clear. Other studies have reported that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress contributes to the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases...
July 12, 2017: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694468/interactome-and-reciprocal-activation-of-pathways-in-topical-mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-the-recipient-cerebral-cortex-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#6
Ping K Lam, Kevin K W Wang, Anthony W I Lo, Cindy S W Tong, Don W C Ching, Kenneth Wong, Zhihui Yang, Themis Kong, Kin K Y Lo, Richard K W Choy, Paul B S Lai, George K C Wong, Wai S Poon
In this study, GFP-MSCs were topically applied to the surface of cerebral cortex within 1 hour of experimental TBI. No treatment was given to the control group. Three days after topical application, the MSCs homed to the injured parenchyma and improved the neurological function. Topical MSCs triggered earlier astrocytosis and reactive microglia. TBI penumbra and hippocampus had higher cellular proliferation. Apoptosis was suppressed at hippocampus at 1 week and reduced neuronal damaged was found in the penumbral at day 14 apoptosis...
July 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694103/coe-inhibits-vasculogenic-mimicry-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-via-suppressing-notch1-signaling
#7
Chen Jue, Zhao Min, Zhang Zhisheng, Cui Lin, Qian Yayun, Wang Xuanyi, Jin Feng, Wang Haibo, Shi Youyang, Hisamitsu Tadashi, Ishikawa Shintaro, Guo Shiyu, Liu Yanqing
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Vasculogenic mimicry (VM) has been suggested to be present in various malignant tumors and associated with tumor nutrition supply and metastasis, leading to poor prognosis of patients. Notch1 has been demonstrated to contribute to VM formation in hepathocellular carcinoma (HCC). Celastrus orbiculatus extract (COE), a mixture of 11 terpenoids isolated from the Chinese Herb Celastrus orbiculatus Vine, has been suggested to be effective in cancer treatment...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688656/notch-signaling-promotes-ductular-reactions-in-biliary-atresia
#8
Jessica A Zagory, William Dietz, Alex Park, Michael Fenlon, Jiabo Xu, Sarah Utley, Nirmala Mavila, Kasper S Wang
BACKGROUND: Biliary atresia (BA) is a congenital, progressive, fibro-obliterative disease of the extrahepatic biliary tree and the most common cause of end-stage liver disease in children. BA is characterized by extensive intrahepatic proliferating ductular reactions that may contribute to biliary fibrosis. Lineage tracing during experimental cholestasis indicates that cells within ductular reactions derive from PROM1-expressing hepatic progenitor cells. Given the role of Notch signaling in normal biliary development, we hypothesize that activated Notch signaling promotes the formation of ductular reactions in BA...
July 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687730/fluvoxamine-stimulates-oligodendrogenesis-of-cultured-neural-stem-cells-and-attenuates-inflammation-and-demyelination-in-an-animal-model-of-multiple-sclerosis
#9
Majid Ghareghani, Kazem Zibara, Heibatollah Sadeghi, Shima Dokoohaki, Hossein Sadeghi, Roya Aryanpour, Amir Ghanbari
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) require medications controlling severity of the pathology and depression, affecting more than half of the patients. In this study, the effect of antidepressant drug fluvoxamine, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, was investigated in vitro and in vivo. Nanomolar concentrations of fluvoxamine significantly increased cell viability and proliferation of neural stem cells (NSCs) through increasing mRNA expression of Notch1, Hes1 and Ki-67, and protein levels of NICD. Also, physiological concentrations of fluvoxamine were optimal for NSC differentiation toward oligodendrocytes, astrocytes and neurons...
July 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684076/expression-of-notch-signaling-pathway-during-osteoarthritis-in-the-temporomandibular-joint
#10
Lingli Lan, Yangmei Jiang, Weina Zhang, Ting Li, Binbin Ying, Songsong Zhu
PURPOSE: Our study aim was to characterize the expression of Notch molecules during temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis (TMJOA), thus exploring the mechanism and roles that Notch signaling possibly plays in the initiation and progression of TMJOA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 126 mice were divided randomly into experimental groups, a sham-surgery group and a normal control group. In the experimental group, total discectomy was performed in the right temporomandibular joint (TMJ) to induce TMJOA; the sham-operation group underwent the same procedure without disc removal, and the normal control group was left undisturbed...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676722/the-role-of-the-notch-signal-pathway-in-mucosal-cell-metaplasia-in-mouse-acute-otitis-media
#11
Xiang Liu, Ning Cong, Xiang Cheng, Rui Ma, Jing Wang, Yi-Bo Huang, Meng Zhao, Xin-Wei Wang, Fang-Lu Chi, Dong-Dong Ren
Otitis media (OM) is a major cause of morbidity in pediatric and adult patients. This inflammatory condition is characterized by mucous cell hyperplasia that is thought to produce mucins from the middle ear mucosa. We are interested in the role of Notch signalling pathway in this inflammatory process. Using an acute otitis media (AOM) mouse model through injection of Streptococcus Pneumoniae into the middle ear, histopathologic examination and quantitative RT-PCR, acute inflammation with the thickness of mucosa, Goblet cell hyperplasia, and cilia loss were determined and gene expression related to the Notch signaling pathway were evaluated...
July 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675662/separate-and-coincident-expression-of-hes1-and-hes5-in-the-developing-mouse-eye
#12
Amy N Riesenberg, Kevin W Conley, Tien T Le, Nadean L Brown
BACKGROUND: Notch signaling is broadly required during embryogenesis, frequently activating the transcription of two bHLH transcription factors, Hes1 and Hes5. But, it remains unresolved when and where Hes1 and Hes5 act alone or together during development. Here, we analyzed a Hes5-GFP BAC transgenic mouse, as a proxy for endogenous Hes5. We directly compared transgenic GFP expression with Hes1, and particular markers of embryonic lens and retina development. RESULTS: Hes5-GFP is dynamic within subsets of retinal and lens progenitor cells, and differentiating retinal ganglion neurons, in contrast to Hes1 found in all progenitor cells...
July 4, 2017: Developmental Dynamics: An Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674421/chronic-stress-and-intestinal-barrier-dysfunction-glucocorticoid-receptor-and-transcription-repressor-hes1-regulate-tight-junction-protein-claudin-1-promoter
#13
Gen Zheng, Gordon Victor Fon, Walter Meixner, Amy Creekmore, Ye Zong, Michael K Dame, Justin Colacino, Priya H Dedhia, Shuangsong Hong, John W Wiley
Chronic stress and elevated glucocorticoid hormone are associated with decreases in the intestinal epithelial tight junction protein claudin-1 (CLDN1). Human/rat CLDN1 promoters contain glucocorticoid response elements (GREs) and adjacent transcription repressor HES1 binding N-boxes. Notch signaling target HES1 expression was high and glucocorticoid receptor (NR3C1) low at the crypt base and the pattern reversed at the crypt apex. Chronic stress reduced overall rat colon HES1 and NR3C1 that was associated with CLDN1 downregulation...
July 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672921/the-mechanism-of-blood-concentrations-of-the-shenqi-pill-repairing-injured-epithelial-cells-of-renal-tubular-in-vitro
#14
Fei Huang, Wenfeng Ma
In the present study, we investigated the best blood concentration of the mechanism of Shenqi pill repairing the injured epithelial cells of renal tubular in vitro. First, the injured hypoxia/reoxygenation model of rat proximal renal tubular epithelial cell strain (NRK-52E) was established. The animals were divided randomly into control, model, low concentration (5 µg/ml), moderate concentration (10 µg/ml) and high concentration (20 µg/ml) groups. The apoptotic rate was measured with flow cytometry and Jag2/Notch2/hes1 mRNA, and the protein expression was measured for 1, 3 and 7 days...
July 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667754/mta-induced-notch-activation-enhances-the-proliferation-of-human-dental-pulp-cells-by-inhibiting-autophagic-flux
#15
W Qiu, B Sun, F He, Y Zhang
AIM: To determine the roles of autophagy and Notch signalling in mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA)-mediated proliferation and differentiation of human dental pulp cells (hDPCs). METHODOLOGY: hDPCs were separated from human healthy molar teeth using collagenase I/dispase II digestion, and then cultured in α-MEM medium with 15% foetal bovine serum. hDPCs were seeded in 96-well plates, and cell counting kit assays were carried out to test their viability. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) was used to evaluate ALP, Runx2, Notch1, Hes1, and Hey1 mRNA levels...
July 1, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655839/the-doublesex-related-dmrta2-safeguards-neural-progenitor-maintenance-involving-transcriptional-regulation-of-hes1
#16
Fraser I Young, Marc Keruzore, Xinsheng Nan, Nicole Gennet, Eric J Bellefroid, Meng Li
The mechanisms that determine whether a neural progenitor cell (NPC) reenters the cell cycle or exits and differentiates are pivotal for generating cells in the correct numbers and diverse types, and thus dictate proper brain development. Combining gain-of-function and loss-of-function approaches in an embryonic stem cell-derived cortical differentiation model, we report that doublesex- and mab-3-related transcription factor a2 (Dmrta2, also known as Dmrt5) plays an important role in maintaining NPCs in the cell cycle...
July 11, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652000/modeling-coexistence-of-oscillation-and-delta-notch-mediated-lateral-inhibition-in-pancreas-development-and-neurogenesis
#17
Hendrik B Tiedemann, Elida Schneltzer, Johannes Beckers, Gerhard K H Przemeck, Martin Hrabě de Angelis
During pancreas development, Neurog3 positive endocrine progenitors are specified by Delta/Notch (D/N) mediated lateral inhibition in the growing ducts. During neurogenesis, genes that determine the transition from the proneural state to neuronal or glial lineages are oscillating before their expression is sustained. Although the basic gene regulatory network is very similar, cycling gene expression in pancreatic development was not investigated yet, and previous simulations of lateral inhibition in pancreas development excluded by design the possibility of oscillations...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648028/-expression-changes-of-notch-and-nuclear-factor-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathways-in-the-rat-heart-with-myocardial-infarction
#18
J L Jin, Z T Deng, R G Lyu, X H Liu, J R Wei
Objective: To observe the expression changes of Notch and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathways in rat myocardium post myocardial infarction. Methods: Myocardial infarction was established by ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery(MI group), sham rats (similar surgical procedure without coronary artery ligation) served as control, the rats were sacrificed at first week, 4th and 8th week after operation, the non-infarct myocardial tissue in both groups was obtained to detect the mRNA expression of Notch1, Dll4 and Hes1 by RT-PCR, the protein expression of NICD1 was detected by Western blot, the nuclear protein p65 content was detected to reflect the activation degree of NF-κB signaling in the cardiomyocytes...
June 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642682/neuritin-inhibits-notch-signaling-through-interacted-with-neuralized-to-promote-the-neurite-growth
#19
Pan Zhang, Xing Luo, Zheng Guo, Anying Xiong, Hongchang Dong, Qiao Zhang, Chunyan Liu, Jingling Zhu, Haiyan Wang, Na Yu, Jinli Zhang, Yu Hong, Lei Yang, Jin Huang
Neuritin plays a key role in neural development and regeneration by promoting neurite outgrowth and synapse maturation. However, the mechanism of neuritin in modulating neurite growth has not been elucidated. Here, using yeast two-hybrid we screened and discovered the interaction of neuritin and neuralized (NEURL1), which is an important regulator that can activate Notch signaling through promoting endocytosis of Notch ligand. And then we identified the interaction of neuritin and neuralized by co-immunoprecipitation (IP) assays, and clarified that neuritin and NEURL1 were co-localized on the cell membrane of SH-SY5Y cells...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637014/a-combination-of-valproic-acid-sodium-salt-chir99021-e-616452-tranylcypromine-and-3-deazaneplanocin-a-causes-stem-cell-like-characteristics-in-cancer-cells
#20
Shuang Sha, Yuanfen Zhai, Chengzhao Lin, Heyong Wang, Qing Chang, Shuang Song, Mingqiang Ren, Gentao Liu
Many studies are based on the hypothesis that recurrence and drug resistance in lung carcinoma are due to a subpopulation of cancer stem-like cells (CSLCs) in solid tumors. Therefore it is crucial to screen for and recognize lung CSLCs. In this study, we stimulated non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) A549 cells to display stem cell-like characteristics using a combination of five small molecule compounds. The putative A549 stem cells activated an important CSLC marker, CD133 protein, as well multiple CSLC-related genes including ATP-binding cassette transporter G2 (ABCG2), C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4), NESTIN, and BMI1...
June 7, 2017: Oncotarget
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