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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821430/nrf2-regulates-cellular-behaviors-and-notch-signaling-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-cells
#1
Hong Fan, Chorlada Paiboonrungruan, Xinyan Zhang, Justin R Prigge, Edward E Schmidt, Zheng Sun, Xiaoxin Chen
Oxidative stress is known to play a pivotal role in the development of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). We have demonstrated that activation of the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) signaling pathway has chemopreventive effects against oxidative stress-associated OSCC. However, Nrf2 have dual roles in cancer development; while it prevents carcinogenesis of normal cells, hyperactive Nrf2 also promotes the survival of cancer cells. This study is aimed to understand the function of Nrf2 in regulating cellular behaviors of OSCC cells, and the potential mechanisms through which Nrf2 facilitates OSCC...
August 15, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817274/notch-inhibitors-from-calotropis-gigantea-that-induce-neuronal-differentiation-of-neural-stem-cells
#2
Tatsuro Yoneyama, Midori A Arai, Ryuta Akamine, Kazune Koryudzu, Anna Tsuchiya, Samir K Sadhu, Firoj Ahmed, Motoyuki Itoh, Ryuichi Okamoto, Masami Ishibashi
Neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease occur due to loss of the structure and function of neurons. For the potential treatment of neurodegenerative diseases, accelerators of neuronal differentiation of neural stem cells (NSCs) have been focused on and a cell-based assay system for measuring Notch signaling pathway activity was constructed. Using this assay system, eight compounds isolated from Calotropis gigantea were identified as inhibitors of the Notch signaling pathway...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811552/deregulation-of-transcription-factors-controlling-intestinal-epithelial-cell-differentiation-a-predisposing-factor-for-reduced-enteroendocrine-cell-number-in-morbidly-obese-individuals
#3
Bettina K Wölnerhanssen, Andrew W Moran, Galina Burdyga, Anne Christin Meyer-Gerspach, Ralph Peterli, Michael Manz, Miriam Thumshirn, Kristian Daly, Christoph Beglinger, Soraya P Shirazi-Beechey
Morbidly obese patients exhibit impaired secretion of gut hormones that may contribute to the development of obesity. After bariatric surgery there is a dramatic increase in gut hormone release. In this study, gastric and duodenal tissues were endoscopically collected from lean, and morbidly obese subjects before and 3 months after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). Tissue morphology, abundance of chromogranin A, gut hormones, α-defensin, mucin 2, Na(+)/glucose co-transporter 1 (SGLT1) and transcription factors, Hes1, HATH1, NeuroD1, and Ngn3, were determined...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794048/hepatitis-c-virus-core-protein-modulates-endoglin-cd105-signaling-pathway-for-liver-pathogenesis
#4
Young-Chan Kwon, Reina Sasaki, Keith Meyer, Ranjit Ray
Endoglin is part of the TGF-β receptor complex and has a crucial role in fibrogenesis and angiogenesis. It is also an important protein for tumor growth, survival, and cancer cell metastasis. In our previous study, we have shown that hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection induces epithelial-mesenchymal transition state (EMT) and cancer stem-like cell (CSC) properties in human hepatocytes. Our array data suggested that endoglin (CD105) mRNA is significantly upregulated in HCV associated CSCs. In this study, we have observed increased endoglin expression on the cell surface of HCV core expressing hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2) cell line or immortalized human hepatocytes (IHH) and activation of its downstream signaling molecules...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791383/a-mutation-in-notch1-ligand-binding-region-detected-in-patients-with-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-reduces-notch1-oncogenic-effect
#5
Masahiro Uchibori, Ken-Ichi Aoyama, Yoshihide Ota, Kagemasa Kajiwara, Masafumi Tanaka, Minoru Kimura
NOTCH1 is known as an oncogenic or tumor suppressive gene in solid cancer. NOTCH1 mutations in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) frequently occur near the ligand-binding region. These mutations change the domain structure of this protein and affect the ligand binding activity. When NOTCH1 is activated by ligand binding, NOTCH1 intracellular domain (NICD) is cleaved from the cell membrane. This study investigated the functional change induced by a NOTCH1 mutation detected in OSCC clinical samples using stable transformant analysis...
August 3, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771862/induction-of-transient-cell-cycle-arrest-by-h2-o2-via-modulation-of-ultradian-oscillations-of-hes1-socs3-and-p-stat3-in-fibroblast-cells
#6
Masoumeh Babaei Khalili, Razieh Yazdanparast, Azin Nowrouzi
Biological clocks, time keeping systems, enable the living organisms to synchronize their biochemical processes with their environment. Among these molecular oscillators, ultradian oscillators have been identified with volatility less than 24 hours. Transcription factor Hes1, a member of the basic Helix-loop-Helix (bHLH) protein family, has an oscillation duration of 2 hours in vertebrates. Due to the pivotal role of oxidative stress in many human diseases, we evaluated the effect(s) of oxidative stress on Hes1 oscillator, its upstream regulators, and its downstream cell cycle regulators...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765173/a2a-adenosine-receptors-control-pancreatic-dysfunction-in-high-fat-diet-induced-obesity
#7
Balázs Csóka, Gábor Törő, Joana Vindeirinho, Zoltán V Varga, Balázs Koscsó, Zoltán H Németh, Endre Kókai, Luca Antonioli, Mara Suleiman, Piero Marchetti, Karolina Cseri, Ádám Deák, László Virág, Pál Pacher, Péter Bai, György Haskó
Adenosine, a key extracellular signaling mediator, regulates several aspects of metabolism by activating 4 G protein-coupled receptors, the A1, A2A, A2B, and A3 adenosine receptors (ARs). The role of A2AARs in regulating high-fat-diet (HFD)-induced metabolic derangements is unknown. To evaluate the role of A2AARs in regulating glucose and insulin homeostasis in obesity, we fed A2AAR knockout (KO) and control mice an HFD for 16 wk to initiate HFD-induced metabolic disorder. We found that genetic deletion of A2AARs caused impaired glucose tolerance in mice fed an HFD...
August 1, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764807/akt1-low-quiescent-cancer-cells-persist-after-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#8
Sheheryar Kabraji, Xavier Solé, Ying Huang, Clyde Bango, Michaela Bowden, Aditya Bardia, Dennis Sgroi, Massimo Loda, Sridhar Ramaswamy
BACKGROUND: Absence of pathologic complete response (pCR) to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) correlates with poor long-term survival in patients with triple negative breast cancer (TNBC). These incomplete treatment responses are likely determined by mechanisms that enable cancer cells to resist being killed. However, the detailed characterization of a drug-resistant cancer cell state in residual TNBC tissue after NACT has remained elusive. AKT1(low) quiescent cancer cells (QCCs) are a quiescent, epigenetically plastic, and chemotherapy-resistant subpopulation initially identified in experimental cancer models...
August 1, 2017: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763860/-role-of-enolase-1-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-and-possible-mechanism
#9
T T Yan, L N Ma, X Luo, Z H Lu, Q Liu, Y H Xu, X L Liu, X C Ding
Objective: To investigate the role of enolase 1 (ENO1) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and possible mechanism. Methods: Real-time PCR and Western blot were used to measure the expression of ENO1 in HCC tissue, adjacent tissue, hepatoma cells, and normal hepatocytes. The siRNA interference technique was used for ENO1 knockout in HepG2 cells, and then CCK-8, colony formation assay, and transwell assay were used to measure the proliferation, migration, and invasion abilities of HepG2 cells. Real-time PCR and Western blot were used to measure the expression of proteins and genes involved in the activation of the Notch signaling pathway...
June 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752115/acinar-to-ductal-metaplasia-induced-by-transforming-growth-factor-beta-facilitates-kras-g12d-driven-pancreatic-tumorigenesis
#10
Nicolas Chuvin, David F Vincent, Roxane M Pommier, Lindsay B Alcaraz, Johann Gout, Cassandre Caligaris, Karam Yacoub, Victoire Cardot, Elodie Roger, Bastien Kaniewski, Sylvie Martel, Celia Cintas, Sophie Goddard-Léon, Amélie Colombe, Julie Valantin, Nicolas Gadot, Emilie Servoz, Jennifer Morton, Isabelle Goddard, Anne Couvelard, Vinciane Rebours, Julie Guillermet, Owen J Sansom, Isabelle Treilleux, Ulrich Valcourt, Stéphanie Sentis, Pierre Dubus, Laurent Bartholin
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ) acts either as a tumor suppressor or as an oncogene, depending on the cellular context and time of activation. TGFβ activates the canonical SMAD pathway through its interaction with the serine/threonine kinase type I and II heterotetrameric receptors. Previous studies investigating TGFβ-mediated signaling in the pancreas relied either on loss-of-function approaches or on ligand overexpression, and its effects on acinar cells have so far remained elusive...
September 2017: Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751525/pgc-1%C3%AE-protects-from-notch-induced-kidney-fibrosis-development
#11
Seung Hyeok Han, Mei-Yan Wu, Bo Young Nam, Jung Tak Park, Tae-Hyun Yoo, Shin-Wook Kang, Jihwan Park, Frank Chinga, Szu-Yuan Li, Katalin Susztak
Kidney fibrosis is the histologic manifestation of CKD. Sustained activation of developmental pathways, such as Notch, in tubule epithelial cells has been shown to have a key role in fibrosis development. The molecular mechanism of Notch-induced fibrosis, however, remains poorly understood. Here, we show that, that expression of peroxisomal proliferation g-coactivator (PGC-1α) and fatty acid oxidation-related genes are lower in mice expressing active Notch1 in tubular epithelial cells (Pax8-rtTA/ICN1) compared to littermate controls...
July 27, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750047/human-cytomegalovirus-ie1-downregulates-hes1-in-neural-progenitor-cells-as-a-potential-e3-ubiquitin-ligase
#12
Xi-Juan Liu, Bo Yang, Sheng-Nan Huang, Cong-Cong Wu, Xiao-Jun Li, Shuang Cheng, Xuan Jiang, Fei Hu, Ying-Zi Ming, Michael Nevels, William J Britt, Simon Rayner, Qiyi Tang, Wen-Bo Zeng, Fei Zhao, Min-Hua Luo
Congenital human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection is the leading cause of neurological disabilities in children worldwide, but the mechanisms underlying these disorders are far from well-defined. HCMV infection has been shown to dysregulate the Notch signaling pathway in human neural progenitor cells (NPCs). As an important downstream effector of Notch signaling, the transcriptional regulator Hairy and Enhancer of Split 1 (Hes1) is essential for governing NPC fate and fetal brain development. In the present study, we report that HCMV infection downregulates Hes1 protein levels in infected NPCs...
July 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744818/epigenetic-modification-of-tle1-induce-abnormal-differentiation-in-diabetic-mice-intestinal-epithelium
#13
Ji-Hao Xu, Guang-Cheng Chen, Can-Ze Huang, Di Cheng, Ting-Feng Wu, Si-Yi Wang, Jie-Yao Li, Tao Yu, Qi-Kui Chen
The intestinal epithelium cells (IECs) in diabetes mellitus (DM) patients have been proven to be abnormally differentiated. During the differentiation of IECs, epigenetic modification acts as an important regulator. In this study, we aimed to examine the epigenetic alteration of Transducin-like Enhancer of Split 1 (TLE1), a multitask transcriptional co-repressor, contributing to the differentiation homeostasis in IECs of DM mice. The IECs of type 2 diabetic mice model were isolated and collected. Methylation states of whole genomic DNA promoter regions were investigated by microarray...
July 25, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740236/reduced-expression-of-the-murine-hla-g-homolog-qa-2-is-associated-with-malignancy-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-and-stemness-in-breast-cancer-cells
#14
Istéfani L da Silva, Lucía Montero-Montero, Ester Martín-Villar, Jorge Martin-Pérez, Bruno Sainz, Jaime Renart, Renata Toscano Simões, Émerson Soares Veloso, Cláudia Salviano Teixeira, Mônica C de Oliveira, Enio Ferreira, Miguel Quintanilla
Qa-2 is believed to mediate a protective immune response against cancer; however, little is known about the role of Qa-2 in tumorigenesis. Here, we used 4T1 breast cancer cells to study the involvement of Qa-2 in tumor progression in a syngeneic host. Qa-2 expression was reduced during in vivo tumor growth and in cell lines derived from 4T1-induced tumors. Tumor-derived cells elicited an epithelial-mesenchymal transition associated with upregulation of Zeb1 and Twist1/2 and enhanced tumor initiating and invasive capacities...
July 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735706/amniotic-fluid-transcriptomics-reflects-novel-disease-mechanisms-in-fetuses-with-myelomeningocele
#15
Tomo Tarui, Aimee Kim, Alan Flake, Lauren McClain, John Stratigis, Inbar Fried, Rebecca Newman, Donna K Slonim, Diana W Bianchi
BACKGROUND: Cell-free RNA in amniotic fluid supernatant reflects developmental changes in gene expression in the living fetus, which includes genes that are specific to the central nervous system. Although it has been previously shown that central nervous system-specific transcripts are present in amniotic fluid supernatant, it is not known whether changes in the amniotic fluid supernatant transcriptome reflect the specific pathophysiologic condition of fetal central nervous system disorders...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733457/role-of-bone-morphogenetic-proteins-in-sprouting-angiogenesis-differential-bmp-receptor-dependent-signaling-pathways-balance-stalk-vs-tip-cell-competence
#16
Andreas Benn, Christian Hiepen, Marc Osterland, Christof Schütte, An Zwijsen, Petra Knaus
Before the onset of sprouting angiogenesis, the endothelium is prepatterned for the positioning of tip and stalk cells. Both cell identities are not static, as endothelial cells (ECs) constantly compete for the tip cell position in a dynamic fashion. Here, we show that both bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) 2 and BMP6 are proangiogenic in vitro and ex vivo and that the BMP type I receptors, activin receptor-like kinase (ALK)3 and ALK2, play crucial and distinct roles in this process. BMP2 activates the expression of tip cell-associated genes, such as DLL4 (delta-like ligand 4) and KDR (kinase insert domain receptor), and p38-heat shock protein 27 (HSP27)-dependent cell migration, thereby generating tip cell competence...
July 21, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720062/hes1-overexpression-promotes-cell-proliferation-and-invasion-in-breast-cancer-and-predicts-poor-survival
#17
Xiaoying Li, Yu Cao, Mu Li, Feng Jin
HES1 is a transcriptional repressor involved in cell differentiation and proliferation, but the expression pattern and biological roles of HES1 in breast cancer have not been examined. In this study, we examined HES1 expression in breast cancer tissues using immunohistochemistry and western blot analyses and investigated HES1 function using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide and Matrigel invasion assays. Significant relationships were observed between HES1 upregulation and advanced tumour-node-metastasis stage (p = 0...
July 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714033/evaluation-of-velvet-antler-total-protein-effect-on-bone-marrow%C3%A2-derived-endothelial-progenitor-cells
#18
Xiang Xiao, Lin Li, Shuqiang Xu, Min Mao, Ruiyan Pan, Yanjun Li, Jiayun Wu, Li Huang, Xiaoyun Zheng
Lu Rong, velvet antler (VA), is a traditional Chinese medicine, which is used as a food supplement and therapeutic drug in China, Japan, Russia, New Zealand and Southeast Asia. The regenerative characteristics of VA have resulted in great research interest, particularly regarding the fields of organ grafting and stem cell differentiation. Various VA proteomic studies verified that proteins act as the primary bioactive components of VA. The present study aimed to investigate if VA proteins (VA‑pro) influence endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) viability...
September 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712402/-xinfeng-capsule-improves-lung-function-by-regulating-notch-jagged-hes-axis-of-type-ii-alveolar-epithelial-cells-in-adjuvant-arthritis-rats
#19
Lei Wan, Jian Liu, Chuanbing Huang, Wandong Zhang, Yajun Qi, Xiaojun Zhang
Objective To observe the effect of Xinfeng Capsule (XFC) on Notch/Jagged-HES of type II alveolar epithelial cells (AECII). Methods Rats were divided for four groups: normal control (NC) group, model control (MC) group, leflunomide (LEF) group, XFC group, with 10 rats in each group. Complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) was injected in the right foot plantar skin of each rat except for the NC group. After adjuvant arthritis was successfully induced, LEF group was given LEF (0.5 mg/100 g), and XFC group was treated with XFC (0...
July 2017: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711903/notch-system-is-differentially-expressed-and-activated-in-pituitary-adenomas-of-distinct-histotype-tumor-cell-lines-and-normal-pituitaries
#20
Sofia Perrone, Lautaro Zubeldia-Brenner, Elias Gazza, Gianina Demarchi, Leticia Baccarini, Agustin Baricalla, Freya Mertens, Guillermina Luque, Hugo Vankelecom, Silvia Berner, Damasia Becu-Villalobos, Carolina Cristina
Pituitary adenomas are among the most frequent intracranial neoplasms and treatment depends on tumor subtype and clinical features. Unfortunately, non responder cases occur, then new molecular targets are needed.Notch system component expression and activation data are scarce in pituitary tumorigenesis, we therefore aimed to characterize Notch system in pituitary tumors of different histotype. In human pituitary adenomas we showed NOTCH1-4 receptors, JAGGED1 ligand and HES1 target gene expression with positive correlations between NOTCH1,2,4 and HES1, and NOTCH3 and JAGGED1 denoting Notch system activation in a subset of tumors...
July 6, 2017: Oncotarget
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