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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464890/serelaxin-induces-notch1-signaling-and-alleviates-hepatocellular-damage-in-orthotopic-liver-transplantation
#1
Shoichi Kageyama, Kojiro Nakamura, Bibo Ke, Ronald W Busuttil, Jerzy W Kupiec-Weglinski
Liver ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) represents a risk factor for early graft dysfunction and an obstacle to expanding donor pool in orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). We have reported on the crucial role of macrophage Notch1 signaling in mouse warm hepatic IRI model. However, its clinical relevance or therapeutic potential remain unknown. Here, we used Serelaxin (SER), to verify Notch1 induction and putative hepatoprotective function in IR-stressed OLT. C57BL/6 mouse livers subjected to extended (18hr) cold storage were transplanted to syngeneic recipients...
February 21, 2018: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463306/fanconi-anemia-core-complex-dependent-hes1-mono-ubiquitination-regulates-its-transcriptional-activity
#2
Cédric S Tremblay, Feng Fei Huang, Georges Lévesque, Madeleine Carreau
OBJECTIVE: The Hairy Enhancer of Split 1 (HES1) is a transcriptional repressor that regulates cellular proliferation and differentiation during development. We previously found an interaction between HES1 and Fanconi anemia (FA) proteins. FA is a hematological and developmental disorder caused by mutations in more than 20 different genes. Eight FA gene products form a nuclear core complex containing E3 ligase activity required for mono-ubiquitination of FANCD2 and FANCI, both of which are FA proteins...
February 20, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458175/maintenance-of-hematopoietic-stem-and-progenitor-cells-in-fetal-intra-aortic-hematopoietic-clusters-by-the-sox17-notch1-hes1-axis
#3
Kiyoka Saito, Ikuo Nobuhisa, Kaho Harada, Satomi Takahashi, Maha Anani, Heiko Lickert, Masami Kanai-Azuma, Yoshiakira Kanai, Tetsuya Taga
The aorta-gonad-mesonephros region, from which definitive hematopoiesis first arises in midgestation mouse embryos, has intra-aortic hematopoietic clusters (IAHCs) containing hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs). We previously reported expression of the transcription factor Sox17 in IAHCs, and overexpression of Sox17 in CD45low c-KIThigh cells comprising IAHCs maintains the formation of cell clusters and their multipotency in vitro over multiple passages. Here, we demonstrate the importance of NOTCH1 in IAHC formation and maintenance of the HSC/HPC phenotype...
February 16, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453410/molecular-characterization-of-colorectal-adenomas-with-and-without-malignancy-reveals-distinguishing-genome-transcriptome-and-methylome-alterations
#4
Brooke R Druliner, Panwen Wang, Taejeong Bae, Saurabh Baheti, Seth Slettedahl, Douglas Mahoney, Nikolaos Vasmatzis, Hang Xu, Minsoo Kim, Matthew Bockol, Daniel O'Brien, Diane Grill, Nathaniel Warner, Miguel Munoz-Gomez, Kimberlee Kossick, Ruth Johnson, Mohamad Mouchli, Donna Felmlee-Devine, Jill Washechek-Aletto, Thomas Smyrk, Ann Oberg, Junwen Wang, Nicholas Chia, Alexej Abyzov, David Ahlquist, Lisa A Boardman
The majority of colorectal cancer (CRC) arises from precursor lesions known as polyps. The molecular determinants that distinguish benign from malignant polyps remain unclear. To molecularly characterize polyps, we utilized Cancer Adjacent Polyp (CAP) and Cancer Free Polyp (CFP) patients. CAPs had tissues from the residual polyp of origin and contiguous cancer; CFPs had polyp tissues matched to CAPs based on polyp size, histology and dysplasia. To determine whether molecular features distinguish CAPs and CFPs, we conducted Whole Genome Sequencing, RNA-seq, and RRBS on over 90 tissues from 31 patients...
February 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447233/notch-signaling-inhibitor-dapt-provides-protection-against-acute-craniocerebral-injury
#5
Hong-Mei Zhang, Pei Liu, Cheng Jiang, Xiao-Qing Jin, Rui-Ning Liu, Shun-Qing Li, Yan Zhao
Notch signaling pathway is involved in many physiological and pathological processes. The γ-secretase inhibitor DAPT inhibits Notch signaling pathway and promotes nerve regeneration after cerebral ischemia. However, neuroprotective effects of DAPT against acute craniocerebral injury remain unclear. In this study, we established rat model of acute craniocerebral injury, and found that with the increase of damage grade, the expression of Notch and downstream protein Hes1 and Hes5 expression gradually increased...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436668/kynurenine-promotes-the-goblet-cell-differentiation-of-ht-29-colon-carcinoma-cells-by-modulating-wnt-notch-and-ahr-signals
#6
Joo-Hung Park, Jeong-Min Lee, Eun-Jin Lee, Da-Jeong Kim, Won-Bhin Hwang
Various amino acids regulate cell growth and differentiation. In the present study, we examined the ability of HT-29 cells to differentiate into goblet cells in RPMI and DMEM which are largely different in the amounts of numerous amino acids. Most of the HT-29 cells differentiated into goblet cells downregulating the stem cell marker Lgr5 when cultured in DMEM, but remained undifferentiated in RPMI. The goblet cell differentiation in DMEM was inhibited by 1-methyl-tryptophan (1-MT), an inhibitor of indoleamine 2,3 dioxygenase-1 which is the initial enzyme in tryptophan metabolism along the kynurenine (KN) pathway, whereas tryptophan and KN induced goblet cell differentiation in RPMI...
February 13, 2018: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434883/lncrna-fam83h-as1-is-associated-with-the-prognosis-of-colorectal-carcinoma-and-promotes-cell-proliferation-by-targeting-the-notch-signaling-pathway
#7
Song Lu, Wei Dong, Pei Zhao, Zhenjun Liu
The long non-coding RNA, FAM83H antisense RNA 1 (head to head) (FAM83H-AS1), has exhibited a functional role as an oncogene in a number of different types of cancer. The aim of the present study was to reveal the dysregulation of FAM83H-AS1 in colorectal carcinoma (CRC) samples and elucidate its underlying associations with the Notch signaling pathway. The expression profiles of FAM83H-AS1 and two Notch signaling-associated molecules, Notch1 and Hes family basic-helix-loop-helix transcription factor 1 (Hes1), were measured by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis...
February 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434712/function-and-mechanism-of-microrna-210-in-acute-cerebral-infarction
#8
Jun Wang, Yuezhan Zhang, Feng Xu
Acute cerebral infarction (ACI) is a common cerebrovascular disease. Previous studies have indicated that microRNAs (miRs) are aberrantly expressed in patients with ACI. However, the functions of miRs in the pathogenesis of ACI still require further investigation. The aim of the present study was to investigate the function of miR-210 in ACI and its associated mechanism. The expression of miR-210 in the serum of 40 patients with ACI and 40 normal controls was examined using reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR)...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434302/retinal-progenitor-cells-release-extracellular-vesicles-containing-developmental-transcription-factors-microrna-and-membrane-proteins
#9
Jing Zhou, Alberto Benito-Martin, Jason Mighty, Lynne Chang, Shima Ghoroghi, Hao Wu, Madeline Wong, Sara Guariglia, Petr Baranov, Michael Young, Rajendra Gharbaran, Mark Emerson, Milica Tesic Mark, Henrik Molina, M Valeria Canto-Solar, Hector Peinado Selgas, Stephen Redenti
A range of cell types, including embryonic stem cells, neurons and astrocytes have been shown to release extracellular vesicles (EVs) containing molecular cargo. Across cell types, EVs facilitate transfer of mRNA, microRNA and proteins between cells. Here we describe the release kinetics and content of EVs from mouse retinal progenitor cells (mRPCs). Interestingly, mRPC derived EVs contain mRNA, miRNA and proteins associated with multipotency and retinal development. Transcripts enclosed in mRPC EVs, include the transcription factors Pax6, Hes1, and Sox2, a mitotic chromosome stabilizer Ki67, and the neural intermediate filaments Nestin and GFAP...
February 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425642/effect-of-dioscin-on-promoting-liver-regeneration-via-activating-notch1-jagged1-signal-pathway
#10
Lina Xu, Lina Gu, Xufeng Tao, Youwei Xu, Yan Qi, Lianhong Yin, Xu Han, Jinyong Peng
BACKGROUND: Development of novel candidates to promote liver regeneration is critical important after partial hepatectomy (PH). Dioscin, a natural product, shows potent effect on liver protection in our previous works. PURPOSE: This work aimed to investigate the effect and underlying mechanisms of dioscin on liver regeneration. METHODS: The promoting proliferation effects of dioscin on mouse hepatocytem AML12 cells, rat primary hepatocytes, rats and mice after 70% PH were evaluated...
January 1, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420128/effects-of-porcine-acellular-dermal-matrix-treatment-on-wound-healing-and-scar-formation-role-of-jag1-expression-in-epidermal-stem-cells
#11
Xiao-Dong Chen, Shu-Bin Ruan, Ze-Peng Lin, Ziheng Zhou, Feng-Gang Zhang, Rong-Hua Yang, Ju-Lin Xie
Skin wound healing involves Notch/Jagged1 signaling. However, little is known how Jag1 expression level in epidermal stem cells (ESCs) contributes to wound healing and scar formation. We applied multiple cellular and molecular techniques to examine how Jag1 expression in ESCs modulates ESCs differentiation to myofibroblasts (MFB) in vitro, interpret how Jag1 expression in ESCs is involved in wound healing and scar formation in mice, and evaluate the effects of porcine acellular dermal matrix (ADM) treatment on wound healing and scar formation...
February 8, 2018: Organogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399073/relaxin-ameliorates-high-glucose-induced-cardiomyocyte-hypertrophy-and-apoptosis-via-the-notch1-pathway
#12
Xiao Wei, Yuan Yang, Yin-Jiu Jiang, Jian-Ming Lei, Jing-Wen Guo, Hua Xiao
The present study aimed to investigate the role of relaxin (RLX) on high glucose (HG)-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and apoptosis, as well as the possible molecular mechanism. H9c2 cells were exposed to 33 mmol/l HG with or without RLX (100 nmol/ml). Cell viability, apoptosis, oxidative stress, cell hypertrophy and the levels of Notch1, hairy and enhancer of split 1 (hes1), atrial natriuretic polypeptide (ANP), brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD), cytochrome C and caspase-3 were assessed in cardiomyocytes...
January 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398135/activation-of-podocyte-notch-mediates-early-wt1-glomerulopathy
#13
Rowan I Asfahani, Mona M Tahoun, Eve V Miller-Hodges, Jack Bellerby, Alex K Virasami, Robert D Sampson, Dale Moulding, Neil J Sebire, Peter Hohenstein, Peter J Scambler, Aoife M Waters
The Wilms' tumor suppressor gene, WT1, encodes a zinc finger protein that regulates podocyte development and is highly expressed in mature podocytes. Mutations in the WT1 gene are associated with the development of renal failure due to the formation of scar tissue within glomeruli, the mechanisms of which are poorly understood. Here, we used a tamoxifen-based CRE-LoxP system to induce deletion of Wt1 in adult mice to investigate the mechanisms underlying evolution of glomerulosclerosis. Podocyte apoptosis was evident as early as the fourth day post-induction and increased during disease progression, supporting a role for Wt1 in mature podocyte survival...
February 2, 2018: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398116/dynamic-ligand-discrimination-in-the-notch-signaling-pathway
#14
Nagarajan Nandagopal, Leah A Santat, Lauren LeBon, David Sprinzak, Marianne E Bronner, Michael B Elowitz
The Notch signaling pathway comprises multiple ligands that are used in distinct biological contexts. In principle, different ligands could activate distinct target programs in signal-receiving cells, but it is unclear how such ligand discrimination could occur. Here, we show that cells use dynamics to discriminate signaling by the ligands Dll1 and Dll4 through the Notch1 receptor. Quantitative single-cell imaging revealed that Dll1 activates Notch1 in discrete, frequency-modulated pulses that specifically upregulate the Notch target gene Hes1...
January 30, 2018: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391273/knockdown-of-long-noncoding-rna-meg3-impairs-vegf-stimulated-endothelial-sprouting-angiogenesis-via-modulating-vegfr2-expression-in-human-umbilical-vein-endothelial-cells
#15
Wenchen Ruan, Feng Zhao, Shunyi Zhao, Luyong Zhang, Lei Shi, Tao Pang
Long noncoding RNAs is a novel class of RNA molecules, which is closely related to the occurrence and development of human disease. Recent studies have highlighted the importance of MEG3 in angiogenesis and the maintenance of normal function of vascular endothelial cells. However, whether MEG3 contributes to human endothelial cell angiogenesis as well as potential mechanisms are largely unknown. In this work, we found that the high expression level of MEG3 in primary HUVEC was controlled by DNA methylation, and its expression in HUVEC was regulated by HIF-1α under hypoxia condition...
January 29, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389974/olig2-and-hes-regulatory-dynamics-during-motor-neuron-differentiation-revealed-by-single-cell-transcriptomics
#16
Andreas Sagner, Zachary B Gaber, Julien Delile, Jennifer H Kong, David L Rousso, Caroline A Pearson, Steven E Weicksel, Manuela Melchionda, S Neda Mousavy Gharavy, James Briscoe, Bennett G Novitch
During tissue development, multipotent progenitors differentiate into specific cell types in characteristic spatial and temporal patterns. We addressed the mechanism linking progenitor identity and differentiation rate in the neural tube, where motor neuron (MN) progenitors differentiate more rapidly than other progenitors. Using single cell transcriptomics, we defined the transcriptional changes associated with the transition of neural progenitors into MNs. Reconstruction of gene expression dynamics from these data indicate a pivotal role for the MN determinant Olig2 just prior to MN differentiation...
February 1, 2018: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385539/foxg1-overexpression-in-neocortical-pyramids-stimulates-dendrite-elongation-via-hes1-and-pcreb1-upregulation
#17
Simone Chiola, Mihn Duc Do, Lucy Centrone, Antonello Mallamaci
The architecture of neocortical projection neurons is subject of a complex gene control. Here we demonstrated that Foxg1, a transcription factor gene which patterns the early rostral brain and sets the pace of telencephalic neuronogenesis, specifically stimulates dendrite elongation. This phenomenon occurs in vivo like in vitro, and it is detectable even upon moderate changes of Foxg1 expression levels. We found that Foxg1 acts by stimulating Hes1, which in turn upregulates pCreb1, a well-known pro-dendritogenic effector, and downregulates Syt and Ndr1, namely two established antagonizers of dendrite elongation...
January 28, 2018: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344233/lidamycin-decreases-cd133-expression-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-via-the-notch-signaling-pathway
#18
Yi Chen, Wenwei Sun, Ran He, Feiyan Zhang, Hongyu Wang, Panhong Li, Rong-Guang Shao, Xiaoyu Xu
Cluster of differentiation (CD)133 is considered a molecular marker of cancer stem cells in hepatocellular carcinoma. In the present study, the effect of lidamycin (LDM) on CD133 expression in hepatocellular carcinoma (Huh7 cells) was evaluated and the potential molecular mechanism was investigated. Flow cytometry analysis, as well as sorting, sphere formation and western-blot assays, were performed in vitro to explore the effects of LDM on CD133 expression. A subcutaneous tumor model in nude mice was used to observe the effects of LDM on tumor volume and CD133 protein in vivo...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331299/the-regulatory-roles-of-notch-in-osteocyte-differentiation-via-the-crosstalk-with-canonical-wnt-pathways-during-the-transition-of-osteoblasts-to-osteocytes
#19
Jin Shao, Yinghong Zhou, Yin Xiao
Osteocytes comprise more than 90% of the cells in bone and are differentiated from osteoblasts via an unknown mechanism. Recently, it was shown that Notch signaling plays an important role in osteocyte functions. To gain insights into the mechanisms underlying the functions of Notch in regulating the transition of osteoblasts to osteocytes, we performed a luciferase assay by cloning the proximal E11 and dentin matrix acidic phosphoprotein 1 (DMP1) promotor regions into pGluc-Basic 2 vectors, which were subsequently transfected into the IDG-SW3 (osteocytes), MC3T3 (osteoblasts) and 293T (non-osteoblastic cells) cell lines...
January 10, 2018: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323051/notch-pathway-inhibitor-dapt-enhances-atoh1-activity-to-generate-new-hair-cells-in-situ-in-rat-cochleae
#20
Wen-Wei Luo, Zhao Han, Dong-Dong Ren, Xin-Wei Wang, Fang-Lu Chi, Juan-Mei Yang
Atoh1 overexpression in cochlear epithelium induces new hair cell formation. Use of adenovirus-mediated Atoh1 overexpression has mainly focused on the rat lesser epithelial ridge and induces ectopic hair cell regeneration. The sensory region of rat cochlea is difficult to transfect, thus new hair cells are rarely produced in situ in rat cochlear explants. After culturing rat cochleae in medium containing 10% fetal bovine serum, adenovirus successfully infected the sensory region as the width of the supporting cell area was significantly increased...
December 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
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