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adrenal nodule

Aqiba Bokhari, Patricia G Tiscornia-Wasserman
Renal cell carcinoma metastases to pancreas, thyroid, and contralateral adrenal gland are decidedly uncommon. Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CCRCC) is the most frequent subtype. Cytology diagnosis may be challenging. A 74-year-old male with remote history of vocal cord malignancy and hypertension presented with abdominal pain. Computed tomography (CT) revealed 8.4 cm left renal mass highly suspicious for renal cell carcinoma, a 1.8 cm mass within vessels near left adrenal and a 2.5 cm mass in pancreatic tail...
October 22, 2016: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Koshiro Nishimoto, Minae Koga, Tsugio Seki, Kenji Oki, Elise P Gomez-Sanchez, Celso E Gomez-Sanchez, Mitsuhide Naruse, Tomokazu Sakaguchi, Shinya Morita, Takeo Kosaka, Mototsugu Oya, Tadashi Ogishima, Masanori Yasuda, Makoto Suematsu, Yasuaki Kabe, Masao Omura, Tetsuo Nishikawa, Kuniaki Mukai
Our group previously purified human and rat aldosterone synthase (CYP11B2 and Cyp11b2, respectively) from their adrenals and verified that it is distinct from steroid 11β-hydroxylase (CYP11B1 or Cyp11b1), the cortisol- or corticosterone-synthesizing enzyme. We now describe their distributions immunohistochemically with specific antibodies. In rats, there is layered functional zonation with the Cyp11b2-positive zona glomerulosa (ZG), Cyp11b1-positive zona fasciculata (ZF), and Cyp11b2/Cyp11b1-negative undifferentiated zone between the ZG and ZF...
October 14, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Cristian M Suárez-Santana, Carolina Fernández-Maldonado, Josué Díaz-Delgado, Manuel Arbelo, Alejandro Suárez-Bonnet, Antonio Espinosa de Los Monteros, Nakita Câmara, Eva Sierra, Antonio Fernández
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is the most commonly diagnosed neoplasm in humans, however this does not apply to other animal species. Living in an aquatic environment the respiratory system of cetaceans had to undergo unique adaptations in order to them to survive and cope with totally different respiratory pathogens and potentially carcinogens from those affecting humans. CASE PRESENTATION: This article discusses not only macroscopical, histopathological and immunohistochemical features of a pulmonary carcinoma with disseminated metastases in a long-finned pilot whale (Globicephala melas), as well as the immunohistochemical analysis performed on various tissues of cetaceans belonging to the genus Globicephala...
October 11, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
Mohamed Réda El Ochi, Mohammed Massine El Hammoumi, Abdelhamid Biyi, Mohamed Allaoui, El Hassane Kabiri, Abderrahman Albouzidi, Mohamed Oukabli
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary sarcomas are uncommon accounting for 0.5 % of all primary lung cancers. Undifferentiated sarcomas account for up to 20 % of soft tissue sarcomas. A lung tumor revealed to be an undifferentiated sarcoma with epithelioid features has never been reported in the literature. CASE PRESENTATION: A 61-year-old white Moroccan man presented with 2 months' history of hemoptysis and dyspnea. Chest computed tomography showed a cystic mass involving the lower field of his right lung evoking first a hydatid cyst...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Hong-Jin Zou, Yu-Shu Li, Zhong-Yan Shan
Multiple endocrine neoplasia 2A (MEN2A) is characterized by the coexistence of tumors that involve two or more endocrine glands within the same patient, and is defined as the occurrence of medullary thyroid carcinoma in association with pheochromocytoma (PHEO) and parathyroid tumors or hyperparathyroidism. The pathogenesis of MEN2A is due to the mutation of a tyrosine kinase receptor that is encoded by the rearrangement during transfection (RET) proto-oncogene. The mutation often occurs in exon 10q11.2. The present study reports the case of a 73-year-old man with severe hypercalcemia, bilateral adrenal PHEO and a thyroid nodule...
October 2016: Oncology Letters
Heron Werner, Pedro Daltro, Taisa Davaus, Edward Araujo Júnior
We report a case of a fetus with an ultrasonography diagnosis of a neuroblastoma during a routine third trimester fetal scan, which presented as a hyperechogenic nodule located above the right kidney. No other abnormalities were found in the ultrasonography scan; however, the follow-up ultrasonography during the 36th week of gestation revealed that the lesion had doubled in size. At the same time, magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a round mass in the topography of the right adrenal gland with a low signal on T1-weighted images and slightly high signal on T2-weighted images, causing a slight inferior displacement of the kidney...
September 2016: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
Julien Vouillarmet, Fabio Fernandes-Rosa, Julia Graeppi-Dulac, Pierre Lantelme, Myriam Decaussin-Petrucci, Charles Thivolet, Jean-Louis Peix, Sheerazed Boulkroun, Eric Clauser, Maria-Christina Zennaro
CONTEXT: Recurrent somatic mutations in KCNJ5, CACNA1D, ATP1A1 and ATP2B3 have been identified in aldosterone producing adenomas (APA). The question as to whether they are responsible for both nodulation and aldosterone production is not solved. CASE DESCRIPTION: We describe the case of a young patient who was diagnosed with severe arterial hypertension due to primary aldosteronism at age 26, followed by hemorrhagic stroke four years later. Abdominal computed tomography showed bilateral macronodular adrenal hyperplasia...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Sila Ulus, Erdogan Suleyman, Umit Aksoy Ozcan, Ercan Karaarslan
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to describe the technique and to evaluate the results of whole-body magnetic resonance imaging in an asymptomatic population. MATERIAL/METHODS: Between March 2009 and December 2011, 118 consecutive subjects undergoing thorough medical check-up were prospectively included in the study. MRI was performed with a 205-cm moving table, parallel imaging and automatic image composing software. RESULTS: In 83 subjects (70%), 103 benign lesions were detected...
2016: Polish Journal of Radiology
L Senescende, P L Bitolog, E Auberger, A Zarzavadjian Le Bian, M Cesaretti
PURPOSE: Adrenal ectopy is a rare condition, caused by abnormal embryological development of the adrenal glands and testis. This anomaly is asymptomatic and is generally diagnosed in childhood. Most cases of adrenal ectopy of the groin region have been found incidentally during surgery. This review aims to evaluate the incidence of adrenal ectopy of the adult groin region, as well as its short- and long-term significance. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed using the EMBASE, MEDLINE, PubMed and Cochrane Central databases to identify all studies published until December 2015...
September 6, 2016: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
Ryohei Mineo, Sachiko Tamba, Yuya Yamada, Tomonori Okita, Yusuke Kawachi, Reiko Mori, Mitsuaki Kyo, Kenji Saisho, Yohei Kuroda, Koji Yamamoto, Akiko Furuya, Tokuo Mukai, Takashi Maekawa, Yasuhiro Nakamura, Hironobu Sasano, Yuji Matsuzawa
A 40-year-old man presented with Cushing's syndrome due to bilateral adrenal hyperplasia with multiple nodules. Computed tomography scan results were atypical demonstrating an enlargement of the bilateral adrenal glands harboring multiple small nodules, but the lesion was clinically diagnosed to be primary pigmented nodular adrenocortical disease (PPNAD) based on both endocrinological test results and his family history. We performed bilateral adrenalectomy and confirmed the diagnosis histologically. An analysis of the patient and his mother's genomic DNA identified a novel mutation in the type Iα regulatory subunit of protein kinase A (PRKAR1A) gene; p...
2016: Internal Medicine
Daniel Ching, Eleni Anastasiadis, Sarb Sandhu
INTRODUCTION: Non-urothelial tumours are rare and account for less than 5% of all bladder tumours. Bladder paragangliomas also known as extra-adrenal pheochromocytomas are of the non-urothelial subgroup. We present an unusual case of asymptomatic bladder paraganglioma. CASE REPORT: A 77year old lady presented with acute abdominal pain was found to have an incidental enhancing nodule in the bladder. During cystoscopy and transurethral resection the patient experienced significant fluctuations in blood pressure that required anaesthetic adjustments...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Luca Morelli, Dario Tartaglia, Jessica Bronzoni, Matteo Palmeri, Simone Guadagni, Gregorio Di Franco, Andrea Gennai, Matteo Bianchini, Luca Bastiani, Andrea Moglia, Vincenzo Ferrari, Enza Fommei, Andrea Pietrabissa, Giulio Di Candio, Franco Mosca
PURPOSE: The role of the da Vinci Robotic System (®) in adrenal gland surgery is not yet well defined. The goal of this study was to compare robotic-assisted surgery with pure laparoscopic surgery in a single center. METHODS: One hundred and 16 patients underwent minimally invasive adrenalectomies in our department between June 1994 and December 2014, 41 of whom were treated with a robotic-assisted approach (robotic adrenalectomy, RA). Patients who underwent RA were matched according to BMI, age, gender, and nodule dimensions, and compared with 41 patients who had undergone laparoscopic adrenalectomies (LA)...
August 12, 2016: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
S Boulkroun, A Rickard, J Golib Dzib, B Samson-Couterie, A Rocha, C Gomez-Sanchez, L Amar, F Fernandes-Rosa, N Ghyselinck, A Benecke, E Lalli, M-C Zennaro
OBJECTIVE: Recurrent somatic mutations in KCNJ5, CACNA1D, ATP1A1 and ATP2B3 have been identified in aldosterone producing adenoma (APA). Although the role of these mutations in regulating aldosterone biosynthesis has been clearly established, the mechanisms involved in proliferation and APA formation still remains to be elucidated.The aim of our study was to identify pathways involved in adrenal cortex nodulation and APA formation. DESIGN AND METHOD: We have analyzed transcriptome data generated from 123 APA and 11 control adrenals and correlated gene expression to the genetic, morphological and functional characteristics of the tumors...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Thiago F Nunes, Denis Szejnfeld, Jacob Szejnfeld, Claudio E Kater, Salomão Faintuch, Charlles H M Castro, Suzan M Goldman
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to establish the suitability of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) as a parameter for evaluating early treatment response after percutaneous ablation of functional adrenal adenomas. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Seventeen adult patients with functioning adrenal adenomas underwent radiofrequency ablation. Serum hormone levels were analyzed before and up to 6 months after ablation. MRI findings (nodule size in cm, signal intensity index, ADC maps, and nodule-to-muscle ADC ratio) were analyzed before and up to 30 days after ablation...
August 4, 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
Mina Shenouda, Linda G Brown, Krista L Denning, Toni Pacioles
Oncocytic neoplasms are tumors composed predominantly or exclusively of oncocytes (large polygonal cells with granular eosinophilic cytoplasm due to abnormal mitochondrial accumulation). These tumors are frequently reported in the thyroid, kidneys, and salivary glands. However, they are distinctly rare in the adrenal cortex. Oncocytic adrenocortical neoplasms (OAN) are classified regarding their biological behavior by their histological features according to the Lin-Weiss-Bisceglia system (LWB). Here, we report a case of OAN of borderline or uncertain malignant potential (BMP) with subsequently identified papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC)...
2016: Curēus
Sujit Vakkalanka, Andrew Zhao, Mohammed Samannodi
Primary hyperaldosteronism is one of the most common causes of secondary hypertension but clear differentiation between its various subtypes can be a clinical challenge. We report the case of a 37-year-old African-American woman with refractory hypertension who was admitted to our hospital for palpitations, shortness of breath and headache. Her laboratory results showed hypokalaemia and an elevated aldosterone/renin ratio. An abdominal CT scan showed a nodule in the left adrenal gland but adrenal venous sampling showed elevated aldosterone/renin ratio from the right adrenal vein...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Dongfeng Pan, Peifeng Liang, Hongyan Xiao
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a genetic disorder associated with neurofibromin 1 (NF1) gene mutation, which generates an increased risk of variety of tumor types. The current study reports a case involving NF1, pheochromocytoma (PHEO) and gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST). A 56-year-old man presented with abdominal pain and polypnea. Clinical investigation revealed multiple diffuse soft-tissue lesions throughout his body, and pigmented macules on the skin. Imaging analyses revealed thoracic scoliosis, multiple subcutaneous nodules in the abdomen and trunk, and a 7...
July 2016: Oncology Letters
Emre Demirci, Onur Erdem Sahin, Meltem Ocak, Burak Akovali, Jamal Nematyazar, Levent Kabasakal
PURPOSE: Ga-PSMA-11 is a novel PET tracer suggested to be used for imaging of advanced prostate cancer. In this study, we aimed to present a detailed biodistribution of Ga-PSMA-11, including physiological and benign variants of prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We carried out a retrospective analysis of 40 patients who underwent PSMA PET/computed tomography (CT) imaging and who had no evidence of residual or metastatic disease on the scans...
November 2016: Nuclear Medicine Communications
Holly Emms, Ioanna Tsirou, Treena Cranston, Stylianos Tsagarakis, Ashley B Grossman
Bilateral adrenal macronodular hyperplasia (BMAH) is a rare form of Cushing's syndrome characterised by the presence of bilateral secretory adrenal nodules and hypercortisolism. Familial studies support a genetic basis for BMAH, and the disease has been linked to mutations in ARMC5, a gene shown to have a tumour suppressor-like action in the development of adrenal nodules. This study aimed to investigate whether ARMC5 mutations play a role in the development of incidentally discovered bilateral adrenal nodules...
September 2016: Endocrine
Tobias Wiedemann, Mirko Peitzsch, Nan Qin, Frauke Neff, Monika Ehrhart-Bornstein, Graeme Eisenhofer, Natalia S Pellegata
Pheochromocytomas (PCCs) are tumors arising from neural crest-derived chromaffin cells. There are currently few animal models of PCC that recapitulate the key features of human tumors. Because such models may be useful for investigations of molecular pathomechanisms and development of novel therapeutic interventions, we characterized a spontaneous animal model (multiple endocrine neoplasia [MENX] rats) that develops endogenous PCCs with complete penetrance. Urine was longitudinally collected from wild-type (wt) and MENX-affected (mutant) rats and outputs of catecholamines and their O-methylated metabolites determined by mass spectrometry...
August 2016: Endocrinology
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