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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492302/-the-impact-of-sunlight-exposure-on-the-health-of-older-adults
#1
Tzu-Chia Lin, Yen-Chi Liao
Appropriate exposure to sunlight not only contributes to the production of vitamin D, which has been associated with enhanced bone health, mood, and cognitive functions, but also regulates the secretion of melatonin, which has been associated with the mediation of circadian rhythms, improved sleep quality, and optimized physical and social activity in the elderly. However, damage to the skin, eyes, and immune system has also been widely associated with long-term exposure to sunlight. Several studies have shown that many elderly, especially those that reside in institutions, do not receive sufficient sunlight exposure...
August 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26612720/age-differences-in-body-image-responses-to-idealized-male-figures-in-music-television
#2
Kate E Mulgrew, Dinusha Nc Cragg
Little is known about how middle-aged and older men are affected by idealized depictions of male singers in music television. A total of 116 males completed pre- and post-test measures of body satisfaction, mood, and social comparison and viewed 5 minutes of clips containing scenery, muscular- or average-looking singers. Negative effects were restricted to young men who viewed the muscular clips. The younger men also reported more comparison while viewing the muscular and average-looking singers compared to the middle-aged and older men...
November 25, 2015: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26108561/benefits-of-an-exercise-wellness-program-after-spinal-cord-injury
#3
Deborah A Crane, Jeanne M Hoffman, Maria R Reyes
Objective To describe the initial benefits of a structured group exercise program on exercise frequency and intensity, perceived health, pain, mood, and television watching habits. Design Pre-test/post-test. Participants/methods Eighty-nine persons with SCI participated voluntarily in a no-cost, twice weekly physical therapy group exercise class over 3 months. Forty-five persons completed pre- and post-participation interviews on exercise frequency and intensity, perceived health, pain, mood, sleep, and television watching habits...
June 25, 2015: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25709512/the-relationship-between-sleep-habits-anxiety-and-depression-in-the-elderly
#4
Marie-France Leblanc, Sophie Desjardins, Alain Desgagné
PURPOSE: The objective of this study is to determine which sleep-related behaviors are most often used by the elderly according to the presence or absence of anxiety and mood disorders. In particular, we are attempting to determine whether these behaviors are associated with the probability of suffering from a mental disorder. The behaviors being examined in the present study are taking naps, television watching or reading at bedtime, physical exercise at bedtime, relaxing activities at bedtime, and caffeine consumption in the evening...
2015: Nature and Science of Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25659236/associations-between-television-watching-and-car-riding-behaviors-and-development-of-depressive-symptoms-a-prospective-study
#5
Xuemei Sui, Wendy J Brown, Carl J Lavie, Delia S West, Russel R Pate, Jonathan P W Payne, Steven N Blair
OBJECTIVE: To examine the longitudinal association between sedentary behaviors and risk of development of depressive symptoms. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study population consisted of 4802 participants in the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study (1012 women and 3790 men) aged 18 to 80 years who did not report depressive moods when they completed a health survey during 1982 in which they reported their time spent watching television (TV) and riding in a car each week...
February 2015: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24790478/an-enjoyable-distraction-during-exercise-augments-the-positive-effects-of-exercise-on-mood
#6
Gregory J Privitera, Danielle E Antonelli, Abigail L Szal
The hypothesis that an enjoyable distraction during exercise will augment the intensity of positive mood post-exercise was tested. A sample of 84 undergraduate students rated their mood and arousal before and after a standardized exercise, which consisted of walking on a treadmill at a pace of 3.6 mph for 10 minutes. During the work out session, participants watched the same television show, which they previously rated as enjoyable, or not enjoyable. As added controls, a third group exercised with no distraction (the TV was turned off); a fourth group did not exercise, but watched the television show...
May 2014: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24765723/media-exposure-and-romantic-relationship-quality-a-slippery-slope
#7
Abira Reizer, Amir Hetsroni
This study examines whether media consumption predicted relationship quality among 188 college students who were involved in romantic relationships. The respondents assessed their commitment to the relationship, their satisfaction from the relationship, and their tendency to engage in conflicts within the relationship. Media consumption was measured by assessing the time dedicated to television viewing in general, watching specific genres, Internet use, and newspaper reading. Hierarchical regression analyses indicated that total TV viewing time statistically predicted lower commitment to the relationship, while viewing of programming focusing on romantic relationships predicted lower satisfaction and stronger tendency to engage in conflicts...
February 2014: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24740844/do-uk-television-alcohol-advertisements-abide-by-the-code-of-broadcast-advertising-rules-regarding-the-portrayal-of-alcohol
#8
Rebecca Searle, Daisy Alston, David P French
AIMS: The aim of the study was to assess the extent to which members of the UK general public perceive television alcohol advertisements to comply with the regulatory code governing these: the Advertising Standards Authority Code of Broadcast Advertising (BCAP Code). The Code provides a general principle and 16 rules to prevent such adverts implying, condoning or encouraging immoderate, irresponsible or anti-social drinking. METHODS: Quota sample of 373 adults, representative of the UK population aged 18-74 years in terms of age and gender, were recruited at a train station...
July 2014: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24462489/watching-television-while-eating-increases-energy-intake-examining-the-mechanisms-in-female-participants
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Lucy Braude, Richard J Stevenson
Watching television (TV) while eating tends to increase food intake, but why this occurs is not well understood. Here, we examined TV's effects on sensory specific satiety (SSS), introception (i.e., hunger/fullness), mood and other variables, in females who all ate one snack meal with TV and another without TV. To manipulate the development of SSS, participants were assigned either to a group receiving a single type of snack food or one receiving four types. Everyone ate more with TV. More food items were eaten in the group offered multiple snack types...
May 2014: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23711982/influence-of-the-modern-light-environment-on-mood
#10
REVIEW
T A Bedrosian, R J Nelson
Humans and other organisms have adapted to a consistent and predictable 24-h solar cycle, but over the past ~130 years the widespread adoption of electric light has transformed our environment. Instead of aligning behavioral and physiological processes to the natural solar cycle, individuals respond to artificial light cycles created by social and work schedules. Urban light pollution, night shift work, transmeridian travel, televisions and computers have dramatically altered the timing of light used to entrain biological rhythms...
July 2013: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23648221/physical-activity-leisure-time-screen-use-and-depression-among-children-and-young-adolescents
#11
Peter Kremer, Christine Elshaug, Eva Leslie, John W Toumbourou, George C Patton, Joanne Williams
OBJECTIVES: Adolescent mental disorders remain a relatively neglected area of research, despite evidence that these conditions affect youth disproportionately. We examined associations between physical activity, leisure-time screen use and depressive symptoms among Australian children and adolescents. DESIGN: Large cross-sectional observational study. METHODS: Self-reported physical activity and leisure-time screen behaviours, and depressive symptoms using the Short Mood and Feeling Questionnaire were assessed in 8256 students aged 10-16 years (mean age=11...
March 2014: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23443315/the-effect-of-music-video-clips-on-adolescent-boys-body-image-mood-and-schema-activation
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Kate E Mulgrew, Diana Volcevski-Kostas, Peter G Rendell
There is limited research that has examined experimentally the effects of muscular images on adolescent boys' body image, with no research specifically examining the effects of music television. The aim of the current study was to examine the effects of viewing muscular and attractive singers in music video clips on early, mid, and late adolescent boys' body image, mood, and schema activation. Participants were 180 boys in grade 7 (mean age = 12.73 years), grade 9 (mean age = 14.40 years) or grade 11 (mean age = 16...
January 2014: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23336601/the-physical-and-psychological-impact-of-using-a-computer-based-environmental-control-system-a-case-study
#13
Luke A Squires, Frank Rush, Andrew Hopkinson, Morrison Val
PURPOSE: To evaluate a new computer-based environmental control system, Subvenio, in terms of its physical and psychological impact in a single case study of a 46-year-old woman with a severe physical disability, tetraplegia. Expectations of the system and factors relating to successful Subvenio use were also sought. METHOD: A longitudinal questionnaire measured function (BI; FAI), mental health and wellbeing (GHQ-12; WHO-5) 6 weeks before, and 10 and 26 weeks after Subvenio installation...
September 2013: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23322312/priming-effect-of-antismoking-psas-on-smoking-behaviour-a-pilot-study
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jennifer L Harris, Melissa Pierce, John A Bargh
OBJECTIVE: Social marketing is commonly proposed to counteract advertising and other messages that promote unhealthy products. However, public service campaigns can also 'boomerang' or ironically increase the unhealthy behaviours they are designed to discourage. The present study examined whether antismoking public service announcements (PSAs) could increase smoking behaviour immediately following exposure. METHODS: In an experimental study, 56 smokers were randomly assigned to watch a short television segment with a commercial break that included either (1) a Philip Morris 'QuitAssist' PSA; (2) a Legacy 'truth' antismoking PSA; or (3) a control PSA...
July 2014: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23126438/media-multitasking-is-associated-with-symptoms-of-depression-and-social-anxiety
#15
Mark W Becker, Reem Alzahabi, Christopher J Hopwood
We investigated whether multitasking with media was a unique predictor of depression and social anxiety symptoms. Participants (N=318) completed measures of their media use, personality characteristics, depression, and social anxiety. Regression analyses revealed that increased media multitasking was associated with higher depression and social anxiety symptoms, even after controlling for overall media use and the personality traits of neuroticism and extraversion. The unique association between media multitasking and these measures of psychosocial dysfunction suggests that the growing trend of multitasking with media may represent a unique risk factor for mental health problems related to mood and anxiety...
February 2013: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23088201/concurrent-and-predictive-associations-between-early-adolescent-perceptions-of-peer-affiliates-and-mood-states-collected-in-real-time-via-ecological-momentary-assessment-methodology
#16
Julie C Rusby, Erika Westling, Ryann Crowley, John M Light
This study uses ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to simultaneously capture youths' perceptions of peer affiliates and social contexts to determine their association with youths' current and future mood states. A sample of 82 seventh grade students (36 at risk for developing or escalating rule breaking and substance use and 46 randomly selected) from 4 schools participated. Using EMA methodology, we had students report their peer affiliations, perceptions of peer affiliates, moods, activities, location, and behaviors during their free time...
March 2013: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22943106/effects-of-biggest-loser-exercise-depictions-on-exercise-related-attitudes
#17
Tanya R Berry, Nicole C McLeod, Melanie Pankratow, Jessica Walker
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether participants who watched an exercise-related segment of The Biggest Loser television program would have different explicit and implicit affective exercise-related attitudes than those of control participants. METHODS: University students (N=138) watched a clip of The Biggest Loser or American Idol, then completed a Go/No-go Association Task, a thought-listing task, and questionnaires measuring explicit attitudes, activity level, and mood...
January 2013: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22490005/development-of-a-work-addiction-scale
#18
Cecilie Schou Andreassen, Mark D Griffiths, Jørn Hetland, Ståle Pallesen
Research into excessive work has gained increasing attention over the last 20 years. Terms such as "workaholism,"work addiction" and "excessive work" have been used interchangeably. Given the increase in empirical research, this study presents the development of the Bergen Work Addiction Scale (BWAS), a new psychometrically validated scale for the assessment of work addiction. A pool of 14 items, with two reflecting each of seven core elements of addiction (i.e., salience, mood modification, tolerance, withdrawal, conflict, relapse, and problems) was initially constructed...
June 2012: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22408136/advancing-the-discussion-about-systematic-classroom-behavioral-observation-a-product-review-of-tenny-j-2010-ecove-observation-software-pacific-city-or-ecove-software-llc
#19
REVIEW
John Mark Froiland, Liana Smith
Applied child psychologists and behavioral consultants often use systematic behavioral observations to inform the psychological assessment and intervention development process for children referred for attention and hyperactivity problems. This article provides a review of the 2010 version of the eCOVE classroom observation software in terms of its utility in tracking the progress of children with attention and hyperactive behaviors and its use in evaluating teacher behaviors that may impede or promote children's attention and positive behavior...
May 2014: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22361798/what-do-residents-do-when-not-working-or-sleeping-a-multispecialty-survey-of-36-residency-programs
#20
DeWitt C Baldwin, Steven R Daugherty, Patrick M Ryan, Nicholas A Yaghmour
PURPOSE: To determine how residents spend their time when not working or sleeping, and to examine correlates of these outside activities. METHOD: In 2009, the authors surveyed 36 internal medicine, surgery, pediatrics, and obstetrics-gynecology programs. Residents answered questions about their recently completed first and second residency years, including, "During your past year of residency, outside of working hours, about how often did you…," followed by 10 listed activities and a four-point rating scale (1 = "less than once a week"; 4 = "almost daily")...
April 2012: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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