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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456896/factors-associated-with-elevated-blood-pressure-or-hypertension-in-afro-caribbean-youth-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Trevor S Ferguson, Novie O M Younger-Coleman, Marshall K Tulloch-Reid, Nadia R Bennett, Amanda E Rousseau, Jennifer M Knight-Madden, Maureen E Samms-Vaughan, Deanna E Ashley, Rainford J Wilks
Background: Although several studies have identified risk factors for high blood pressure (BP), data from Afro-Caribbean populations are limited. Additionally, less is known about how putative risk factors operate in young adults and how social factors influence the risk of high BP. In this study, we estimated the relative risk for elevated BP or hypertension (EBP/HTN), defined as BP ≥ 120/80 mmHg, among young adults with putative cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in Jamaica and evaluated whether relative risks differed by sex...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455719/community-engagement-and-venue-based-sampling-in-adolescent-male-sexually-transmitted-infection-prevention-research
#2
Mary A Ott, Julianne Campbell, Teresa M Imburgia, Ziyi Yang, Wanzhu Tu, Colette L Auerswald
OBJECTIVES: Middle adolescent males are a difficult group to recruit for community sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevention research. We describe a process of community engagement, and venue-based sampling of 14-17-year-old adolescent males, and compare rates of STIs and STI risk behaviors by venue. METHODS: Community engagement consisted of (1) informational meetings with organizations; (2) participation in community meetings and events; (3) hiring community members as study personnel; and (4) an adolescent advisory board recruited from the community...
March 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455161/assessing-factors-associated-with-long-term-work-disability-after-cancer-in-belgium-a-population-based-cohort-study-using-competing-risks-analysis-with-a-7-year-follow-up
#3
Régine Levo Kiasuwa Mbengi, Alina Mioara Nicolaie, Els Goetghebeur, Renee Otter, Katrien Mortelmans, Sarah Missinnne, Marc Arbyn, Catherine Bouland, Christophe de Brouwer
OBJECTIVES: The number of workers with cancer has dramatically increasing worldwide. One of the main priorities is to preserve their quality of life and the sustainability of social security systems. We have carried out this study to assess factors associated with the ability to work after cancer. Such insight should help with the planning of rehabilitation needs and tailored programmes. PARTICIPANTS: We conducted this register-based cohort study using individual data from the Belgian Disability Insurance...
February 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454196/sexually-transmitted-infections-and-immune-activation-among-hiv-infected-but-virally-suppressed-youth-on-antiretroviral-therapy
#4
Tanya L Kowalczyk Mullins, Su X Li, James Bethel, Maureen M Goodenow, Stephanie Hudey, John W Sleasman
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is associated with chronic immune activation, and concurrent sexually transmitted infections (STIs) may increase immune activation. OBJECTIVES: Because HIV-infected youth are at high risk of STIs and little is known about the impact of STIs on immune activation in HIV-infected youth, we conducted an exploratory study examining the association between STIs and systemic inflammation and immune activation among HIV-infected adolescents...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453926/sleep-disorder-prevalence-in-at-risk-adolescents-and-potential-effects-of-nightmare-triad-syndrome
#5
Natalia D McIver, Barry Krakow, Jessica Krakow, Michael R Nadorff, Victor A Ulibarri, Robert Baade
Objective At-risk high school students, those considered to have a higher probability for academic failure or dropping out, were assessed for various sleep disorders. Effects were compared between students with and without the nightmare triad syndrome (NTS+), the sleep disorders' cluster of frequent nightmares, insomnia disorder and suspected sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). Methods Data were gathered at a charter school for at-risk youth using: computer based surveys, physical airway exams, and mental health interviews by school social worker...
February 17, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449202/a-web-based-psychoeducational-intervention-for-adolescent-depression-design-and-development-of-moodhwb
#6
Rhys Bevan Jones, Anita Thapar, Frances Rice, Harriet Beeching, Rachel Cichosz, Becky Mars, Daniel J Smith, Sally Merry, Paul Stallard, Ian Jones, Ajay K Thapar, Sharon A Simpson
BACKGROUND: Depression is common in adolescence and leads to distress and impairment in individuals, families and carers. Treatment and prevention guidelines highlight the key role of information and evidence-based psychosocial interventions not only for individuals but also for their families and carers. Engaging young people in prevention and early intervention programs is a challenge, and early treatment and prevention of adolescent depression is a major public health concern. There has been growing interest in psychoeducational interventions to provide accurate information about health issues and to enhance and develop self-management skills...
February 15, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449136/sexual-orientation-discordance-and-nonfatal-suicidal-behaviors-in-u-s-high-school-students
#7
Francis B Annor, Heather B Clayton, Leah K Gilbert, Asha Z Ivey-Stephenson, Shalon M Irving, Corinne David-Ferdon, Laura K Kann
INTRODUCTION: Studies among adults have documented association between sexual orientation discordance and some suicide risk factors. However, studies examining sexual orientation discordance and nonfatal suicidal behaviors in youth are rare. This study examines the association between sexual orientation discordance and suicidal ideation/suicide attempts among a nationally representative sample of U.S. high school students. METHODS: Using sexual identity and sex of sexual contact measures from the 2015 national Youth Risk Behavior Survey (n=6,790), a sexual orientation discordance variable was constructed describing concordance and discordance (agreement and disagreement, respectively, between sexual identity and sex of sexual contacts)...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447624/substance-use-among-students-in-thailand
#8
Pimpisa Chomsri, Apinun Aramrattana, Penprapa Siviroj, Surinporn Likhitsathian
This study explored substance use prevalence, level of risk, and associated factors, especially related to binge drinking. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 306 students using questionnaires and the Alcohol, Smoking, and Substance Involvement Screening Test-Youth screening tool. The associations between binge drinking and risk factors were analyzed by generalized linear models. Our results showed current prevalence rates of alcohol, tobacco, and drugs use were 56.9%, 22.9%, and 2.3%, respectively...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445772/a-review-of-evidence-based-treatments-for-transgender-youth-diagnosed-with-social-anxiety-disorder
#9
REVIEW
Samantha Busa, Aron Janssen, Mallika Lakshman
In addition to the high prevalence of gender dysphoria among transgender youth, this population is at greater risk of suffering from additional mental health disorders, including social anxiety disorder, compared to their cisgender peers. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been established as an effective form of treatment for social anxiety disorder. It is recommended that therapists modify and adapt CBT when working with minority groups such as transgender youth to ensure that the treatment is efficacious and culturally sensitive...
2018: Transgender Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445049/prevalence-and-predictors-of-internet-addiction-among-college-students-in-sousse-tunisia
#10
Menel Mellouli, Nawel Zammit, Manel Limam, Meriam Elghardallou, Ali Mtiraoui, Thouraya Ajmi, Chekib Zedini
BACKGROUND: Internet represents a revolution in the world of technology and communication all over the world including Tunisia. However, this technology has also introduced problematic use, especially among students. The current study aimed to determine the prevalence of Internet addiction among college students and its predictors in the region of Sousse, Tunisia. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: The current study was conducted in the colleges of Sousse, Tunisia in 2012-2013...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443561/building-bridges-to-a-brighter-tomorrow-a-systematic-evidence-review-of-interventions-that-prepare-adolescents-for-adulthood
#11
Barri B Burrus, Kathleen Krieger, Regina Rutledge, Alexander Rabre, Sarah Axelson, Audra Miller, LeBretia White, Christine Jackson
BACKGROUND: Data suggest that adverse social determinants during adolescence can set in motion a lifetime of poor social and health outcomes. Vulnerable youths are at particularly high risk in this regard. OBJECTIVES: To identify and assess the current evidence base for adolescent-focused interventions designed to influence adulthood preparation that could affect longer-term social determinants. SEARCH METHODS: Using a systematic review methodology, we conducted an initial assessment of intervention evaluations targeting 6 adulthood preparation subject (APS) areas to assess the quality and character of the evidence base...
February 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439488/a-physical-health-profile-of-youths-living-with-a-hikikomori-lifestyle
#12
John W M Yuen, Yoyo K Y Yan, Victor C W Wong, Wilson W S Tam, Ka-Wing So, Wai-Tong Chien
A cross-sectional study was designed to understand the impacts of "hikikomori" lifestyle on physical health. A total of 104 eligible hikikomori cases were recruited from the social services network of Hong Kong with a mean age of 19.02 ± 3.62 (ranged 13-31) year-old, and had completed the set of questionnaires and a series of anthropometric and physical health measurements. Despite SF36 score of 84.0 indicated good physical functioning in general, participants were lived sedentarily with high incidence of hypertension at 15...
February 11, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438874/gender-differences-in-pathways-from-child-physical-and-sexual-abuse-to-adolescent-risky-sexual-behavior-among-high-risk-youth
#13
Susan Yoon, Laura A Voith, Julia M Kobulsky
This study investigated gender differences in the roles of internalizing and externalizing symptoms and substance use as pathways linking child physical and sexual abuse to risky sexual behavior among youth at risk of maltreatment. Path analysis was performed with 862 adolescents drawn from Longitudinal Studies of Child Abuse and Neglect. Four waves of data collected in the United States were used: childhood physical and sexual abuse experiences (from ages 0-12) were assessed by Child Protective Services reports, internalizing and externalizing symptoms were measured at age 14, substance use was measured at age 16, and risky sexual behavior was measured at age 18...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431185/how-high-schools-become-empowering-communities-a-mixed-method-explanatory-inquiry-into-youth-adult-partnership-and-school-engagement
#14
Shepherd Zeldin, Josset Sky Gauley, Alexandra Barringer, Brie Chapa
Educational reform efforts emphasize empowerment and engagement, but these concepts are rarely translated into policy or classroom practice. This inquiry explores how schools can become places where students take ownership over their own learning. Phase 1 of this inquiry, a survey of students from diverse high schools, examines pathways to school engagement. Results indicated that youth voice in decision-making, particularly when the experience is situated within supportive adult relationships and a sense of safety, significantly predicts emotional and cognitive engagement...
February 12, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428353/structural-characteristics-of-the-online-social-networks-of-maltreated-youth-and-offline-sexual-risk-behavior
#15
Sonya Negriff, Thomas W Valente
Maltreated youth are at risk for exposure to online sexual content and high-risk sexual behavior, yet characteristics of their online social networks have not been examined as a potential source of vulnerability. The aims of the current study were: 1) to test indicators of size (number of friends) and fragmentation (number of connections between friends) of maltreated young adults' online networks as predictors of intentional and unintentional exposure to sexual content and offline high-risk sexual behavior and 2) to test maltreatment as a moderator of these associations...
February 7, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427695/food-insecurity-is-associated-with-high-risk-glycemic-control-and-higher-health-care-utilization-among-youth-and-young-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#16
Jason A Mendoza, Wren Haaland, Ralph B D'Agostino, Lauren Martini, Catherine Pihoker, Edward A Frongillo, Elizabeth J Mayer-Davis, Lenna L Liu, Dana Dabelea, Jean M Lawrence, Angela D Liese
AIMS: Household food insecurity (FI), i.e., limited availability of nutritionally adequate foods, is associated with poor glycemic control among adults with type 2 diabetes. We evaluated the association of FI among youth and young adults (YYA) with type 1 diabetes to inform recent clinical recommendations from the American Diabetes Association for providers to screen all patients with diabetes for FI. METHODS: Using data from the Washington and South Carolina SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study sites, we conducted an observational, cross-sectional evaluation of associations between FI and glycemic control, hospitalizations, and emergency department (ED) visits among YYA with type 1 diabetes...
February 7, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425724/skin-cancer-interventions-across-the-cancer-control-continuum-a-review-of-experimental-evidence-1-1-2000-6-30-2015-and-future-research-directions
#17
REVIEW
Alan C Geller, Barbra A Dickerman, Jennifer M Taber, Laura A Dwyer, Anne M Hartman, Frank M Perna
While the general efficacy of skin cancer interventions have been reviewed, employing the cancer control continuum would be useful to identify research gaps at specific cancer control points. We characterized the intervention evidence base for specific behavioral targets (e.g., tanning, sun protection, screening) and clinically related targets (e.g., sunburn, skin exams, cancers) at each point in the cancer control continuum. The review included articles published from 1/1/2000-6/30/15 that had an experimental design and targeted behavioral intervention in skin cancer (e...
February 6, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425698/assessment-of-sleep-quantity-and-sleep-disturbances-during-recovery-from-sports-related-concussion-in-youth-athletes
#18
Donna L Murdaugh, Kim E Ono, Andrew Reisner, Thomas G Burns
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between sleep quantity and sleep disturbances on symptoms and neurocognitive ability at the acute phase (<7 days) and post-sports-related concussion (SRC; >21 days). DESIGN: Prospective inception cohort study SETTING: General community setting of regional middle and high schools. PARTICIPANTS: Sample included 528 youth athletes with SRC and 443 controls ages 10-18. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Athletes completed the Immediate Post-Concussive Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) battery...
February 6, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425383/dual-use-of-e-cigarettes-and-traditional-cigarettes-among-adolescents-in-taiwan-2014-2016
#19
Pei-Ching Chen, Li-Chuan Chang, Chieh Hsu, Yue-Chune Lee
Introduction: We investigated the use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) with traditional cigarettes among adolescents during 2014 to 2016 to identify risk factors for using e-cigarettes only, traditional cigarettes only, or both products. Methods: We used cross-sectional data from the Taiwan Global Youth Tobacco Survey, (conducted over a 3-year period by the Health Promotion Administration, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Taiwan), which is representative of tobacco use among adolescents aged 12-18 years...
February 2, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424777/impact-of-insurance-coverage-on-hiv-transmission-potential-among-antiretroviral-therapy-treated-youth-living-with-hiv
#20
Sarah Wood, Sarah Ratcliffe, Charitha Gowda, Susan Lee, Nadia L Dowshen, Robert Gross
OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence of high HIV transmission potential in a cohort of youth living with HIV (YLWH), and determine the impact of insurance coverage on potential for HIV transmission. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of antiretroviral therapy (ART)-treated YLWH at a US adolescent HIV clinic, 2002-2015. METHODS: The primary exposure was presence or absence of insurance, defined as private, public or pharmacy-only coverage...
February 8, 2018: AIDS
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