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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222311/associations-of-body-weight-perception-and-weight-control-behaviors-with-problematic-internet-use-among-korean-adolescents
#1
Subin Park, Yeeun Lee
We examined the association of body mass index (BMI), body weight perception, and weight control behaviors with problematic Internet use in a nationwide sample of Korean adolescents. Cross-sectional data from the 2010 Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey collected from 37,041 boys and 33,655 girls in middle- and high- schools (grades 7-12) were analyzed. Participants were classified into groups based on BMI (underweight, normal weight, overweight, and obese), body weight perception (underweight, normal weight, and overweight), and weight control behavior (no weight control behavior, appropriate weight control behavior, inappropriate weight control behavior)...
February 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221066/the-power-and-the-pain-of-adolescents-digital-communication-cyber-victimization-and-the-perils-of-lurking
#2
Marion K Underwood, Samuel E Ehrenreich
Many adolescents are heavily engaged with social media and text messaging (George & Odgers, 2015; Lenhart, 2015), yet few psychologists have studied what digital communication means for adolescents' relationships and adjustment. This article proposes that psychologists should embrace the careful study of adolescents' digital communication. We discuss theoretical frameworks for understanding adolescents' involvement with social media, present less widely recognized perils of intense involvement with social media, and highlight positive features of digital communication...
February 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215656/chronic-physical-health-conditions-and-emotional-problems-from-early-adolescence-through-mid-adolescence
#3
LaRita C Jones, Sylvie Mrug, Marc N Elliott, Sara L Toomey, Susan Tortolero, Mark A Schuster
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Chronic physical health conditions are highly prevalent in youth, frequently persisting into adulthood and contributing to the current and future healthcare burden in the United States. Our study evaluates associations of chronic physical health conditions with depressive and physiological anxiety symptoms in a community sample of youth, and examines how those associations change from early to mid-adolescence. METHODS: In this longitudinal study of 5,147 youth, students and their caregivers were interviewed when youth were in grades 5 (M age = 11), 7 (M age = 13), and 10 (M age = 16)...
February 12, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215380/youth-adult-connectedness-a-key-protective-factor-for-adolescent-health
#4
Renee E Sieving, Annie-Laurie McRee, Barbara J McMorris, Rebecca J Shlafer, Amy L Gower, Hillary M Kapa, Kara J Beckman, Jennifer L Doty, Shari L Plowman, Michael D Resnick
Over the past 30 years, prevention science in the adolescent health field has moved from interventions focused on preventing single problem behaviors to efforts employing a dual approach, addressing risk factors that predict problems while simultaneously nurturing protective factors and promoting positive development. Through an examination of previous research and empirical case examples with vulnerable youth, this article considers the hypothesis that adolescents' sense of connectedness to caring adults acts as a protective factor against a range of risk behaviors...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214740/youth-use-of-electronic-vapor-products-and-blunts-for-administering-cannabis
#5
Matthew E Eggers, Youn O Lee, Kyle Jackson, Jenny L Wiley, Lauren Porter, James M Nonnemaker
BACKGROUND: The positive association between youth use of cannabis and tobacco is well-established, and reports show that some youth are using electronic vapor products (EVPs) to administer cannabis. This study examines the prevalence and correlates of youth consumption of cannabis via EVP and how this compares with co-use of cannabis with cigars (blunts) among a large statewide sample of youth. METHODS: We used data from the Florida Youth Tobacco Survey (FYTS), a school-based, pencil-and-paper questionnaire given to Florida middle and high school students (N=12,320)...
February 10, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211549/review-of-health-and-risk-behaviours-mental-health-problems-and-suicidal-behaviours-in-young-europeans-on-the-basis-of-the-results-from-the-eu-funded-saving-and-empowering-young-lives-in-europe-seyle-study
#6
REVIEW
Danuta Wasserman
An estimated 800 000 suicide deaths occur worldwide. The global suicide rate is 11.4 per 100 000 population; 15.0/100 000 for males and 8.0/100 000 for females. Globally, suicide is the second leading cause of death in 15-29 year olds. In a collaborative effort to reduce the high rates of suicide and mental health problems among youth across Europe, the European Union 7th Framework funded the Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE) project. SEYLE is a randomized controlled trial (RCT) aimed to promote mental health and healthy lifestyles, while preventing psychopathology and suicidal behaviours among adolescents...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204999/the-potential-protective-role-of-peer-relationships-on-school-engagement-in-at-risk-adolescents
#7
Jacqueline O Moses, Miguel T Villodas
Negative outcomes associated with adverse childhood experiences are well established, but little is known about protective factors that could promote positive adjustment among high-risk youth. This study examined the potential protective role of positive peer relationships in the association between adverse childhood experiences and school engagement among at-risk adolescents. Data were collected prospectively from birth until age 16 from 831 diverse adolescents (52.6% female; 54% African American, 24% Caucasian) who were at-risk for family violence and their caregivers...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197890/relationships-among-diet-physical-activity-and-dual-plane-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-bone-outcomes-in-pre-pubertalgirls
#8
Jie Ren, Lynn S Brann, Kay S Bruening, Tamara A Scerpella, Jodi N Dowthwaite
: In pre-pubertal girls, nutrient intakes and non-aquatic organized activity were evaluated as factors in vertebral body bone mass, structure, and strength. Activity, vitamin B12, and dietary fiber predicted bone outcomes most consistently. Exercise and vitamin B12 appear beneficial, whereas high fiber intake appears to be adverse for vertebral body development. PURPOSE: Childhood development sets the baseline for adult fracture risk. Most studies evaluate development using postero-anterior (PA) dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) areal bone mineral density, bone mineral content, and bone mineral apparent density...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197330/the-relationship-between-smoking-and-unhealthy-weight-control-behaviors-among-korean-adolescents-the-tenth-korea-youth-risk-behavior-web-based-survey-2014
#9
Won Yong Sim, Young Gyu Cho, Jae Heon Kang, Hyun Ah Park, Kyoung Woo Kim, Yang Im Hur, Koh Eun Shin, Gyeong Ran Byeon
BACKGROUND: Adolescent smoking is positively related to weight control attempts, especially by unhealthy methods. The co-occurrence of smoking and unhealthy weight control behaviors may cause serious health problems in adolescents. This study examined the relationship of smoking with unhealthy weight control behaviors among Korean adolescents. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 31,090 students of grades 7 to 12, who had tried to reduce or maintain their weight during the 30 days prior to The Tenth Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey, 2014...
January 2017: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195167/handgrip-strength-cutoff-for-cardiometabolic-risk-index-among-colombian-children-and-adolescents-the-fuprecol-study
#10
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Jhonatan Camilo Peña-Ibagon, Javier Martínez-Torres, Alejandra Tordecilla-Sanders, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Felipe Lobelo, Antonio García-Hermoso
Evidence shows an association between muscular strength (MS) and health among young people, however low muscular strength cut points for the detection of high metabolic risk in Latin-American populations are scarce. The aim of this study was twofold: to explore potential age- and sex-specific thresholds of MS, for optimal cardiometabolic risk categorization among Colombian children and adolescents; and to investigate whether cardiometabolic risk differed by MS group by applying the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) cut point...
February 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187740/multi-year-school-based-implementation-and-student-outcomes-of-an-evidence-based-risk-reduction-intervention
#11
Bo Wang, Bonita Stanton, Lynette Deveaux, Sonja Lunn, Glenda Rolle, Richard Adderley, Maxwell Poitier, Veronica Koci, Sharon Marshall, Perry Gomez
BACKGROUND: Intervention effects observed in efficacy trials are rarely replicated when the interventions are broadly disseminated, underscoring the need for more information about factors influencing real-life implementation and program impact. Using data from the ongoing national implementation of an evidence-based HIV prevention program [Focus on Youth in The Caribbean (FOYC)] in The Bahamas, this study examines factors influencing teachers' patterns of implementation, the impact of teachers' initial implementation of FOYC, and subsequent delivery of the booster sessions on students' outcomes...
February 10, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187363/epilepsy-birth-weight-and-academic-school-readiness-in-canadian-children-data-from-the-national-longitudinal-study-of-children-and-youth
#12
A N Prasad, B Corbett
PURPOSE: Birth weight is an important indicator of prenatal/in-utero environment. Variations in birth weight have been reportedly associated with risks for cognitive problems. The National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth (NLSCY) dataset was explored to examine relationships between birth weight, academic school readiness and epilepsy. METHODS: A population based sample of 32,900 children of the NLSCY were analyzed to examine associations between birth weight, and school readiness scores in 4-5-year-old children...
January 12, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186926/impact-of-screen-time-on-mental-health-problems-progression-in-youth-a-1-year-follow-up-study
#13
Xiaoyan Wu, Shuman Tao, Shichen Zhang, Yukun Zhang, Kaihua Chen, Yajuan Yang, Jiahu Hao, Fangbiao Tao
OBJECTIVES: We examined the relationships between screen time (ST) and mental health problems and also increment of ST and progression of mental health problems in a college-based sample of Chinese youth. METHODS: We assessed 2521 Chinese college freshmen from October 2013 to December 2014. At baseline, the mean age of participants was 18.43 years (SD 0.96 years), and 1215 (48.2%) participants reported ST >2 h/day. We estimated multivariable-adjusted ORs by using logistic regression models for the risk of developing mental health problems (anxiety, depression and psychopathological symptoms) and/or progression of these problems, according to baseline ST exposure and changes in exposure at follow-up...
November 9, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181295/methods-matter-tracking-health-disparities-in-alternative-high-schools
#14
Karen E Johnson, Mohit Goyal, Amanda J Simonton, Rebecca Richardson, Marian Morris, Lynn Rew
Alternative high school (AHS) students are at-risk for school dropout and engage in high levels of health-risk behaviors that should be monitored over time. They are excluded from most public health surveillance efforts (e.g., Youth Risk Behavior Survey; YRBS), hindering our ability to monitor health disparities and allocate scarce resources to the areas of greatest need. Using active parental consent, we recruited 515 students from 14 AHSs in Texas to take a modified YRBS. We calculated three different participation rates, tracked participation by age of legal consent (≥18 and <18 years), and identified other considerations for obtaining quality data...
February 9, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181003/friendly-tanning-young-adults-engagement-with-friends-around-indoor-tanning
#15
Vivian M Rodríguez, Casey L Daniel, Brooke Foucault Welles, Alan C Geller, Jennifer L Hay
Indoor tanning (IT), particularly during early adulthood, increases risk for melanoma and is exceedingly common among youth. Social influence, including social norms, promotes IT but little is known about young adults' engagement with friends around tanning. We examined IT behaviors and tanning-related communication with friends at three universities. Of 837 participants, 261 (31%) reported ever tanning (90% female, 85% White). Of those, 113 (43%) were former tanners and 148 (57%) current tanners. Current tanners reported more social tanning and discussions with friends about tanning, more frequent outdoor tanning, high propensity to tan, and greater lifetime IT exposure than former tanners...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178971/building-social-capital-to-promote-adolescent-wellbeing-a-qualitative-study-with-teens-in-a-latino-agricultural-community
#16
Marissa Raymond-Flesch, Colette Auerswald, Linda McGlone, Megan Comfort, Alexandra Minnis
BACKGROUND: Latino youth, particularly in rural settings, experience significant disparities in rates of teen pregnancy and violence. Few data are available regarding social and structural influences on Latino youth's developmental trajectories, specifically on factors that promote wellbeing and protect them from engagement in high-risk sexual and violence-related behaviors. METHODS: Forty-two youth aged 13 to 19 years old were recruited from middle schools and youth leadership programs to participate in one of eight community-based focus groups in Salinas, a predominantly Latino, urban center in California's rural central coast...
February 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169087/adolescents-at-clinical-high-risk-for-psychosis-circadian-rhythm-disturbances-predict-worsened-prognosis-at-1-year-follow-up
#17
Jessica R Lunsford-Avery, Bruno da Silva Brandão Gonçalves, Elisa Brietzke, Rodrigo A Bressan, Ary Gadelha, Randy P Auerbach, Vijay A Mittal
BACKGROUND: Individuals with psychotic disorders experience disruptions to both the sleep and circadian components of the sleep/wake cycle. Recent evidence has supported a role of sleep disturbances in emerging psychosis. However, less is known about how circadian rhythm disruptions may relate to psychosis symptoms and prognosis for adolescents with clinical high-risk (CHR) syndromes. The present study examines circadian rest/activity rhythms in CHR and healthy control (HC) youth to clarify the relationships among circadian rhythm disturbance, psychosis symptoms, psychosocial functioning, and the longitudinal course of illness...
February 4, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165037/neuroanatomical-prediction-of-anhedonia-in-adolescents
#18
Randy P Auerbach, Angela Pisoni, Erin Bondy, Poornima Kumar, Jeremy G Stewart, Anastasia Yendiki, Diego A Pizzagalli
Anhedonia is a transdiagnostic risk factor implicated in mental illness onset, treatment non-response, and suicidal behaviors. Prior cross-sectional research in adults has shown that anhedonia is associated with reduced dorsal striatal volume, but it is unknown whether this relationship extends to adolescents and whether reduced striatal volume prospectively predicts anhedonia. To address these gaps, the current study investigated whether striatal volume predicted anhedonia severity in adolescents. At baseline, healthy female adolescents aged 12-14 years (n=50) completed a clinical assessment, and structural MRI data were acquired on a 3 Tesla MR scanner...
February 6, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162913/coach-led-preventive-training-program-in-youth-soccer-players-improves-movement-technique
#19
J Luke Pryor, Hayley J Root, Lesley W Vandermark, Riana R Pryor, Jessica C Martinez, Thomas H Trojian, Craig R Denegar, Lindsay J DiStefano
: Long-term implementation of preventive training programs (PTP) in youth sport requires coach involvement. However, the optimal training of coaches to effectively implement a PTP remains unknown. It is also unknown if the benefits of PTP can be enhanced with multiple sport seasons of exposure. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the influence of prior PTP exposure on movement technique in youth soccer players after completing a coach-led PTP. DESIGN: Cluster-randomized controlled trial...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160805/a-socio-cognitive-strategy-to-address-farmers-tolerance-of-high-risk-work-disrupting-the-effects-of-apprenticeship-of-observation
#20
Joan M Mazur, Susan Westneat
INTRODUCTION: Why do generations of farmers tolerate the high-risk work of agricultural work and resist safe farm practices? This study presents an analysis inspired by empirical data from studies conducted from 1993 to 2012 on the differing effects of farm safety interventions between participants who live or work on farms and those who don't, when both were learning to be farm safety advocates. Both groups show statistically significant gains in knowledge and behavioral change proxy measures...
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
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