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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679873/disentangling-the-mental-health-impact-of-childhood-abuse-and-neglect-a-replication-and-extension-study-in-a-brazilian-sample-of-high-risk-youth
#1
Irismar Reis de Oliveira, Ana Cristina Matos-Ragazzo, Yuning Zhang, Nina Maia Vasconcelos, Michella Lopes Velasquez, Daniela Reis, Monica Gonçalves Ribeiro, Marina Monzani da Rocha, Maria Conceição Rosario, Paul Stallard, Charlotte A M Cecil
Childhood maltreatment is a key predictor of mental health problems across the life span. Yet, how maltreatment types independently and jointly influence the risk for psychiatric problems remains unclear. The aim of the study was two-fold: first, to replicate recent findings regarding the impact of maltreatment types on youth psychiatric symptoms, based on a Brazilian sample of high-risk adolescents (n = 347; age range = 11-17 yrs), and second, to extend existing findings by examining whether this relationship is mediated by bullying victimization and/or perpetration...
April 18, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677115/subjective-socioeconomic-status-moderates-the-association-between-discrimination-and-depression-in-african-american-youth
#2
Shervin Assari, Brianna Preiser, Maryam Moghani Lankarani, Cleopatra H Caldwell
Background: Most of the literature on the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and health is focused on the protective effects of SES. However, a growing literature suggests that high SES may also operate as a vulnerability factor. Aims: Using a national sample of African American youth, this study compared the effects of perceived discrimination on major depressive disorder (MDD) based on SES. Methods: The current cross-sectional study included 810 African American youth who participated in the National Survey of American Life-Adolescent supplement...
April 20, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676292/the-test-retest-reliability-of-questionnaires-regarding-attitudes-and-beliefs-toward-noise-hearing-loss-and-hearing-protector-devices-in-young-adults
#3
Sofie Degeest, Leen Maes, Laura Leyssens, Hannah Keppler
Context: Young people expose themselves to high noise levels during leisure activities, and might thus be at risk of acquiring hearing-related problems. Therefore, information regarding risk-taking behavior is necessary to prevent future hearing problems and to optimize future preventive campaigns. Aim: This study evaluated the test-retest reliability of the Youth Attitude to Noise Scale (YANS) and beliefs about hearing protection and hearing loss (BAHPHL) instrument...
March 2018: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675767/high-risk-for-severe-emotional-dysregulation-in-psychiatrically-referred-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-controlled-study
#4
Gagan Joshi, Janet Wozniak, Maura Fitzgerald, Stephen Faraone, Ronna Fried, Maribel Galdo, Stephannie L Furtak, Kristina Conroy, J Ryan Kilcullen, Abigail Belser, Joseph Biederman
To assess prevalence and severity of emotional dysregulation (ED) in psychiatrically referred youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). ASD youth (N = 123) were compared to youth with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and controls. The majority of psychiatrically referred youth with ASD had positive Child Behavior Checklist-ED (CBCL-ED) profile that was significantly higher than in youth with ADHD (82 vs. 53%; p < 0.001). The severe emotional dysregulation (SED) profile was significantly greater in ASD youth than ADHD (44 vs...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672579/is-the-message-getting-through-awareness-and-use-of-the-11-injury-prevention-programme-in-amateur-level-football-clubs
#5
Jan Wilke, Daniel Niederer, Lutz Vogt, Winfried Banzer
A large body of evidence suggests that the 11+ warm-up programme is effective in preventing football-related musculoskeletal injuries. However, despite considerable efforts to promote and disseminate the programme, it is unclear as to whether team head coaches are familiar with the 11+ and how they rate its feasibility. The present study aimed to gather information on awareness and usage among German amateur level football coaches. A questionnaire was administered to 7893 individuals who were in charge of youth and adult non-professional teams...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672090/subjective-cannabis-effects-as-part-of-a-developing-disorder-in-adolescents-and-emerging-adults
#6
Hayley Treloar Padovano, Robert Miranda
In light of expanding legalization of cannabis and swelling debate about the potential risks, particularly for younger users, understanding acute cannabis effects among adolescents and emerging adults is more important than ever. Contemporary models of addiction development identify subjective drug responses as central to the developmental unfolding of drug use disorders. Despite this, surprisingly little is known about cannabis's acute subjective effects in human youths. This research utilized ecological momentary assessment (EMA) in the natural environment to identify the typical situational context of cannabis use among 85 frequent cannabis users, ages 15-24 years (M = 19...
April 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665492/sex-and-orientation-identity-matter-in-the-substance-use-behaviors-of-sexual-minority-adolescents-in-the-united-states
#7
Theodore L Caputi
BACKGROUND: Health sciences researchers are beginning to understand the differing experiences and health risks among sexual minority subgroups (i.e., those who describe themselves as homosexual/gay/lesbian, bisexual, or unsure/questioning). Such research can promote the allocation of resources to high-risk groups and the development of interventions tailored to their needs. The present study extends this line of research to substance use among adolescents. METHODS: The lifetime and/or past 30-day alcohol, tobacco, cigarette, e-cigarette, marijuana, prescription drug, and illicit drug use of sexual minority and heterosexual adolescents was analyzed using data from the 2015 National Youth Risk Behavior Survey...
March 7, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665034/metabolic-features-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-nafl-in-obese-adolescents-findings-from-a-multi-ethnic-cohort
#8
Domenico Tricò, Sonia Caprio, Giuseppina Rosaria Umano, Bridget Pierpont, Jessica Nouws, Alfonso Galderisi, Grace Kim, Mariana M Mata, Nicola Santoro
AIMS: We conducted a prospective study in a large, multiethnic cohort of obese adolescents to characterize clinical and genetic features associated with pediatric Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver (NAFL), the most common cause of chronic liver disease in youth. METHODS: A total of 503 obese adolescents were enrolled, including 191 (38.0%) Caucasians, 134 (26.6%) African Americans, and 178 (35.4%) Hispanics. Participants underwent abdominal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to quantify hepatic fat content, an oral glucose tolerance test to assess glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity, and the genotyping of three SNPs associated with fatty liver (PNPLA3 rs738409, GCKR rs1260326, and TM6SF2 rs58542926)...
April 17, 2018: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662523/sexual-health-of-adolescent-patients-admitted-to-a-psychiatric-unit
#9
Megan E Harrison, Stephanie Veldhuijzen van Zanten, Ariana Noel, Louise Gresham, Mark L Norris, Amy Robinson, Jason Chan, Addo Boafo
Objective: To review sexual health screening practices during admission to an adolescent psychiatry unit. Method: Retrospective chart review of randomly selected youth admitted over a one-year period (2013). Data extracted included demographics, reasons for admission, sexual health history, as well as any comorbid behaviours noted. The main outcome measure was whether sexual health details were documented at any time during admission; if so, this information was extracted for analysis...
April 2018: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661940/disparities-for-lgbtq-and-gender-nonconforming-adolescents
#10
Laura Baams
OBJECTIVES: To identify patterns of childhood adversity in a sample of adolescents and assess disparities in these experiences for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning adolescents and by level of gender nonconformity. METHOD: By using the cross-sectional, statewide, anonymous 2016 Minnesota Student Survey, 81 885 students were included in the current study (50.59% male; mean age = 15.51). Participants were enrolled in grades 9 and 11 in a total of 348 schools...
April 16, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661180/trends-and-correlates-of-unhealthy-dieting-behaviours-among-adolescents-in-the-united-states-1999-2013
#11
Sarah N M Chin, Anthony A Laverty, Filippos T Filippidis
BACKGROUND: The increase in adiposity problems among United States adolescents has been accompanied by persistently high prevalence of unhealthy dieting behaviours (UDBs) such as fasting, taking diet pills/powders/liquids, and vomiting/taking laxatives. This study aimed to examine the associations of self-perceptions of weight status, weight change intentions (WCIs) and UDBs with sex, age and race, as well as trends of UDBs in American adolescents across the weight spectrum. METHODS: Data come from the biennial cross-sectional, school-based surveys, the Youth Risk Behaviour Surveillance System (1999-2013, n = 113,542)...
April 17, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658755/interparental-conflict-and-long-term-adolescent-substance-use-trajectories-the-role-of-adolescent-threat-appraisals
#12
Gregory M Fosco, Mark E Feinberg
Although interparental conflict (IPC) has been linked directly and indirectly (via adolescents' appraisals) with a wide range of adolescent outcomes, little is known about the implications of IPC and related adolescent threat appraisals for substance use. Drawing on the cognitive-contextual framework, we test competing hypotheses about how IPC may impact adolescent substance use outcomes, specifically testing whether (a) threat appraisals are directly related to escalation in alcohol and tobacco use over adolescence, or (b) threat appraisals are indirectly associated with substance use through their impact on adolescent internalizing problems...
March 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658619/prevalence-of-risk-factors-for-noncommunicable-diseases-in-adults-key-findings-from-the-pakistan-steps-survey
#13
Ibrar Rafique, Muhammad A N Saqib, Muhammad A Munir, Huma Qureshi, Rizwanullah, Shahzad A Khan, Heba Fouad
Background: Pakistan lacks data on the prevalence of risk factors for common noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). Objectives: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of risk factors for NCDs among a population-based sample in Punjab and Sindh provinces, Pakistan. Methods: This study was conducted in 2013-2014. The NCD risk factors examined were: current daily smoking, eating fewer than 5 servings of fruits/vegetable a day, low physical activity, overweight and obesity...
April 5, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658091/improving-the-evidence-base-for-services-working-with-youth-at-risk-of-involvement-in-the-criminal-justice-system-developing-a-standardised-program-approach
#14
Alice Knight, Myfanwy Maple, Anthony Shakeshaft, Bernie Shakehsaft, Tania Pearce
BACKGROUND: Young people who engage in multiple risk behaviour (high-risk young people) such as substance abuse, antisocial behaviour, low engagement in education and employment, self-harm or suicide ideation are more likely to experience serious harms later in life including homelessness, incarceration, violence and premature death. In addition to personal disadvantage, these harms represent an avoidable social and economic cost to society. Despite these harms, there is insufficient evidence about how to improve outcomes for high-risk young people...
April 16, 2018: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656909/corpus-callosum-shape-and-morphology-in-youth-across-the-psychosis-spectrum
#15
D M Prendergast, K H Karlsgodt, C L Fales, B A Ardekani, P R Szeszko
The corpus callosum is the largest white matter tract in the human brain connecting and coordinating homologous regions of the right and left hemispheres and has been strongly implicated in the pathogenesis of psychosis. We investigated corpus callosum morphology in a large community cohort of 917 individuals (aged 8-21), including 267 endorsing subsyndromal or threshold psychotic symptoms (207 on the psychosis spectrum and 60 with limited psychosis based on previously published criteria) and 650 non-psychotic volunteers...
April 12, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656384/supporting-mentoring-relationships-of-youth-in-foster-care-do-program-practices-predict-match-length
#16
Rebecca L Stelter, Janis B Kupersmidt, Kathryn N Stump
Implementation of research- and safety-based program practices enhance the longevity of mentoring relationships, in general; however, little is known about how mentoring programs might support the relationships of mentees in foster care. Benchmark program practices and Standards in the Elements of Effective Practice for Mentoring, 3rd Edition (MENTOR, 2009) were assessed in the current study as predictors of match longevity. Secondary data analyses were conducted on a national agency information management database from 216 Big Brothers Big Sisters agencies serving 641 youth in foster care and 70,067 youth not in care from across the United States (Mean = 11...
April 15, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656264/prospective-predictors-of-first-onset-depressive-disorders-in-adolescent-females-with-anxiety-disorders
#17
Estee M Hausman, Roman Kotov, Greg Perlman, Greg Hajcak, Ellen M Kessel, Daniel N Klein
BACKGROUND: Anxious youth are at increased risk for later depressive disorders, but not all anxious youth develop depression. Sequential comorbidity models emphasize shared risk factors and anxiety sequelae, but some anxious youth who later develop depression may have risk factors that are relatively specific to depression, in addition to a liability to anxiety. We examined several variables that appear relatively specific to risk for depression-the personality traits of low positive affectivity and high sadness, and an electrophysiological measure of blunted response to reward - in predicting first-onset depressive disorders and depressive symptoms in clinically anxious adolescent girls...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655614/a-brief-validated-screen-to-identify-boys-and-girls-at-risk-for-early-marijuana-use
#18
Rolf Loeber, Duncan B Clark, Lia Ahonen, Douglas FitzGerald, Elisa M Trucco, Robert A Zucker
To guide recruitment, the ABCD Study requires a method for identifying children at high risk for early-onset substance use that may be utilized during the recruitment process. This study was undertaken to inform the development of a brief screen for identifying youths' risk of early-onset substance use and other adverse outcomes. To be acceptable by participants in this context, consideration of potential items was limited to child characteristics previously determined to be potentially pertinent and parental cigarette smoking...
April 7, 2018: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652937/trajectories-of-maternal-depressive-symptoms-during-pregnancy-and-the-first-12-months-postpartum-and-child-externalizing-and-internalizing-behavior-at-three-years
#19
Dawn Kingston, Heather Kehler, Marie-Paule Austin, Muhammad Kashif Mughal, Abdul Wajid, Lydia Vermeyden, Karen Benzies, Stephanie Brown, Scott Stuart, Rebecca Giallo
BACKGROUND: Most evidence of the association between maternal depression and children's development is limited by being cross-sectional. To date, few studies have modelled trajectories of maternal depressive symptoms from pregnancy through the early postpartum years and examined their association with social emotional and behavior functioning in preschool children. The objectives of this study were to: 1) identify distinct groups of women defined by their trajectories of depressive symptoms across four time points from mid-pregnancy to one year postpartum; and 2) examine the associations between these trajectories and child internalizing and externalizing behaviors...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642480/examining-youth-dual-and-polytobacco-use-with-e-cigarettes
#20
Youn Ok Lee, Jessica K Pepper, Anna J MacMonegle, James M Nonnemaker, Jennifer C Duke, Lauren Porter
E-cigarettes and other non-cigarette tobacco products are increasingly popular among youth. Little is known to inform public health efforts to reduce youth use. We examined psychosocial correlates of single and multiple tobacco product use among youth e-cigarette users. Data were from the 2014 Florida Youth Tobacco Survey ( N = 69,923), a representative sample of Florida middle and high school students. Associations between combinations of e-cigarette, cigarette and other tobacco product (OTP) use and psychosocial variables were examined using multinomial logistic regression with an analytic sample of N = 2756...
April 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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