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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457388/-case-control-study-of-therapeutic-effects-between-extreme-lateral-interbody-fusion-and-conventional-posterior-operation-for-the-treatment-of-upper-lumbar-disc-herniation
#1
Can-Hua Xu, Zeng-Hui Wu, Rong-Chun Chen, Hong-Fa Zhong, Qing-Shun Zhang, Ning Liu, Bi Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical outcomes between extreme lateral interbody fusion and conventional posterior operation in the treatment of upper lumbar disc herniation. METHODS: Among 60 patients with upper lumbar disc herniation were treated with extreme lateral interbody fusion(XLIF) or conventional posterior operation from June 2010 to December 2014, 30 patients(19 males and 11 females) were treated with XLIF (XLIF group); and the other 30 patients(17 males and 13 females) were treated with conventional posterior operation (conventional group)...
November 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456943/transnasal-endoscopic-optic-nerve-decompression-in-post-traumatic-optic-neuropathy
#2
Devang Gupta, Monica Gadodia
To quantify the successful outcome in patients following optic nerve decompression in post traumatic unilateral optic neuropathy in form of improvement in visual acuity. A prospective study was carried out over a period of 5 years (January 2011 to June 2016) at civil hospital Ahmedabad. Total 20 patients were selected with optic neuropathy including patients with direct and indirect trauma to unilateral optic nerve, not responding to conservative management, leading to optic neuropathy and subsequent impairment in vision and blindness...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456045/hepatectomy-for-octogenarians-with-colorectal-liver-metastasis-in-the-era-of-enhanced-recovery
#3
Andrea Tufo, Declan F J Dunne, Nichola Manu, Heman Joshi, Carmen Lacasia, Louise Jones, Hassan Z Malik, Graeme J Poston, Stephen W Fenwick
BACKGROUND: Concern exists regarding the use of hepatectomy to treat colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM) in octogenarians due to prior studies suggesting elevated morbidity and mortality. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) within pre-operative assessment and enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) have both been shown to be associated with low morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing hepatectomy. This study sought to compare the outcomes of octogenarians with patients aged 70-79 undergoing hepatectomy for CRLM, within a center utilizing both CPET and ERAS...
February 6, 2018: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455033/thromboprophylaxis-for-ambulatory-surgery-results-from-a-prospective-national-cohort
#4
Charles Marc Samama, Dan Benhamou, Frédéric Aubrun, Jean-Luc Bosson, Pierre Albaladejo
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis is not always part of the usual care of ambulatory surgery patients, and few guidelines are available. OBJECTIVES: To collect data on the application of VTE prophylaxis in ambulatory patients. DESIGN: The OPERA study is a large national survey performed in 221 healthcare facilities. PATIENTS: 2174 patients who underwent one of ten selected procedures over two pre-defined days of investigation...
February 15, 2018: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448304/neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-as-a-method-of-predicting-complications-following-hepatic-resection-for-colorectal-liver-metastasis
#5
Simon J McCluney, Alexandros Giakoustidis, Angela Segler, Juliane Bissel, Roberto Valente, Robert R Hutchins, Ajit T Abraham, Satyajit Bhattacharya, Hemant M Kocher
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Approximately 30-50% of patients with colorectal cancer develop liver metastasis for which liver resection is the only hope for potential cure. However, hepatic resection is associated with considerable morbidity. The aim was to detect early complications by utilising the neutrophil: lymphocyte ratio (NLR). METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of patients undergoing hepatic resection at a single institution between 2008 and 2016...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447009/operation-hormone-therapy-and-recovery-of-the-patients-with-severe-forms-of-adenomyosis
#6
V Tskhay, A E Schindler, G Мikailly
Endometriosis is among the prevalent gynecological diseases and diagnosed in 10% of women of reproductive age. Endometriosis/adenomyosis is becoming increasingly a health-social problem, which is associated with severe clinical manifestations and recurrent disease which has a negative effect on quality of life, women ability to work and her reproductive function. This article presents modern approaches of drug therapy to treat severe forms of adenomyosis. We have reviewed recent major studies in the field of surgical treatment of this disease, analyzed the main stages of disease progress and the results of our surgeries...
February 15, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446701/endoscopic-excision-of-benign-facial-masses-in-children-a-review-of-outcomes
#7
Deshka Foster, Tiffany J Sinclair, Jordan S Taylor, Sanjeev Dutta, Hermann P Lorenz, Matias Bruzoni
PURPOSE: Benign masses of the eyebrow and forehead are common in pediatric patients and can result in facial asymmetry, discomfort, or super-infection. Excision is classically conducted via an incision directly over the mass, which can produce sub-optimal cosmesis. Recently, an endoscopic approach using pediatric brow-lift equipment has been adopted. We reviewed our center's experience with endoscopic removal of benign facial lesions and compared these cases with an equivalent series of open cases...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438816/the-effect-of-tranexamic-acid-in-unilateral-and-bilateral-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-the-south-asian-population-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#8
Syed Hamza Mufarrih, Azeem Tariq Malik, Nada Qaisar Qureshi, Riaz Hussain Lakdawala, Umar Rabbani, Arif Ali, Shahryar Noordin
INTRODUCTION: Together with evidence of higher bleeding tendencies, the vulnerability of the South Asian population to anemia secondary to a higher prevalence of hemoglobinopathies and micronutrient deficiencies merits further exploration of the effects of tranexamic acid on this population. Additionally, limited access to self-care facilities and certain sociocultural beliefs and practices may not be conducive to a speedy recovery from surgical complications. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of intraoperative administration of tranexamic acid during total knee arthroplasty when considering the South Asian population...
February 10, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433385/intravenous-lidocaine-as-adjuvant-to-general-anesthesia-in-renal-surgery
#9
Mohamed Said Nakhli, Mohamed Kahloul, Taieb Guizani, Chekib Zedini, Ajmi Chaouch, Walid Naija
The role of intraoperative intravenous lidocaine infusion has been previously evaluated for pain relief, inflammatory response, and post-operative recovery, particularly in abdominal surgery. The present study is a randomized double-blinded trial in which we evaluated whether IV lidocaine infusion reduces isoflurane requirement, intraoperative remifentanil consumption and time to post-operative recovery in non-laparoscopic renal surgery. Sixty patients scheduled to undergo elective non-laparoscopic renal surgery under general anesthesia were enrolled to receive either systemic lidocaine infusion (group L: bolus 1...
December 2018: Libyan Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430679/seeking-certainty-through-narrative-closure-men-s-stories-of-prostate-cancer-treatments-in-a-state-of-liminality
#10
Ilkka Pietilä, Raisa Jurva, Hanna Ojala, Teuvo Tammela
Radical treatments of prostate cancer often lead to a pervasive liminal state that is characterised by multiple uncertainties that relate both to a possible recurrence of cancer and recovery from side effects, such as erectile and urinary dysfunctions. Liminality can make it difficult for cancer patients to narrate their experiences, as their stories lack a definite ending. After interviews with 22 Finnish men who had undergone radical prostatectomy, we analysed how men produce closure in their illness narratives...
February 11, 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429953/post-operative-deep-brain-stimulation-assessment-automatic-data-integration-and-report-generation
#11
Andreas Husch, Mikkel V Petersen, Peter Gemmar, Jorge Goncalves, Niels Sunde, Frank Hertel
BACKGROUND: The gold standard for post-operative deep brain stimulation (DBS) parameter tuning is a monopolar review of all stimulation contacts, a strategy being challenged by recent developments of more complex electrode leads. OBJECTIVE: Providing a method to guide clinicians on DBS assessment and parameter tuning by automatically integrating patient individual data. METHODS: We present a fully automatic method for visualization of individual deep brain structures in relation to a DBS lead by combining precise electrode recovery from post-operative imaging with individual estimates of deep brain morphology utilizing a 7T-MRI deep brain atlas...
February 1, 2018: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423146/a-record-breaking-lung-metastasis-from-renal-cell-carcinoma-37-years-after-nephrectomy
#12
Alessandro Tamburrini, Aurelio Majorino, Simon Duggan, Sanjay Jogai, Aiman Alzetani
Development of distant metastases from renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a frequent occurrence and, in nearly 95% of the cases, secondary lesions present within 5 years following nephrectomy. We performed a left pneumonectomy for a peri-hilar lung mass in an 81-year-old man with history of kidney cancer, resected 37 years earlier. Histopathological examination revealed a solitary lung metastasis from RCC, relapsed after an extraordinary 37-year time interval. To the best of our knowledge, this remarkable case represents the longest time interval between radical nephrectomy for RCC and the occurrence of a pulmonary metastasis...
October 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410393/intentional-modulation-of-portal-venous-pressure-by-splenectomy-saves-the-patient-with-liver-failure-and-portal-hypertension-after-major-hepatectomy-is-delayed-splenectomy-an-acceptable-therapeutic-option-for-secondary-portal-hypertension
#13
Yuichi Takamatsu, Tomohide Hori, Takafumi Machimoto, Toshiyuki Hata, Yoshio Kadokawa, Tatsuo Ito, Shigeru Kato, Daiki Yasukawa, Yuki Aisu, Yusuke Kimura, Taku Kitano, Tsunehiro Yoshimura
BACKGROUND Major or aggressively-extended hepatectomy (MAEH) may cause secondary portal hypertension (PH), and postoperative liver failure (POLF) and is often fatal. Challenges to prevent secondary PH and subsequent POLF, such as shunt creation and splenic arterial ligation, have been reported. However, these procedures have been performed simultaneously only during the initial MAEH. CASE REPORT A 58-year-old female with chronic hepatitis C developed a solitary hepatic cellular carcinoma with portal tumor thrombosis...
February 7, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409179/limb-salvage-for-malignant-bone-tumours-of-distal-tibia-with-dual-ipsilateral-vascularized-autogenous-fibular-graft-in-a-trapezoid-shaped-array-with-ankle-arthrodesis-and-preserving-subtalar-joint
#14
Chunlin Zhang, Bingfang Zeng, Kunpeng Zhu, Lei Zhang, Jianping Hu
BACKGROUND: The treatment of malignant tumours of the distal tibia is a challenging surgical problem due to the scarce soft tissue coverage and the instability of the ankle joint that often occurs after resection. However, there is no consensus on the ideal treatment for malignant tumours of the distal tibia. METHODS: We report a new reconstruction for five patients with high-grade osteosarcoma of distal tibia, using dual ipsilateral vascularized autogenous fibular graft in a trapezoid-shaped array and external fixator, with ankle arthrodesis and preserving subtalar joints...
December 20, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405669/usefulness-of-post-reperfusion-lactate-clearance-for-predicting-early-graft-recovery-in-liver-transplant-patients-a-single-centre-study
#15
Valter Perilli, Paola Aceto, Teresa Sacco, Pierpaolo Ciocchetti, Domenico Papanice, Carlo Lai, Liliana Sollazzi
BACKGROUND: The role of post-reperfusion lactate clearance in assessing graft function has not yet been investigated. The aim of this study was to examine whether lactate clearance, assessed in the post-reperfusion phase, can predict poor graft function in liver transplant patients. METHODS: Seventy patients undergoing liver transplantation (LT) were enrolled. Standardised anaesthesia and intraoperative monitoring were applied. The lactate level measured immediately after venous reperfusion and 6 hours later were used to calculate lactate clearance by the following formula: [(reperfusion lactate - 6h post-reperfusion lactate)/reperfusion lactate] ×100...
February 5, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404987/enhanced-recovery-via-peripheral-nerve-block-for-open-hepatectomy
#16
Lucas W Thornblade, Yongwoo D Seo, Tracy Kwan, Jane H Cardoso, Eric Pan, Gregory Dembo, Raymond S W Yeung, James O Park
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols are now commonplace in many fields of surgery, but only limited data exists for their use in hepatobiliary surgery. We implemented standardized ERAS protocols for all open hepatectomies and replaced thoracic epidurals with a transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of all patients undergoing open hepatectomy during the 14 months before and 19 months after implementation of an ERAS protocol at our institution (January 2014-September 2016)...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390333/atypical-hemangioma-mimicking-mixed-hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma-case-report
#17
Shengzhang Lin, Lele Zhang, Mengxia Li, Qiyang Cheng, Liang Zhang, Shusen Zheng
RATIONALE: Hemangioma of the liver is a benign hepatic tumor, more common in women than in men, which is typically asymptomatic, solitary, and incidentally discovered. Atypical hemangioma is a variant of hepatic hemangioma with atypical imaging finding features on CT and MRI that can be confused with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) and mixed hepatocellular cholangiocarcinoma (HCC-CC). PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a case of atypical hepatic hemangioma mimicking HCC-CC: A 59-year-old man was referred to our hospital for a hepatic lesion that was 4...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389360/transplantation-of-human-embryonic-stem%C3%A2-cell-derived-cardiovascular-progenitors-for-severe%C3%A2-ischemic-left%C3%A2-ventricular-dysfunction
#18
Philippe Menasché, Valérie Vanneaux, Albert Hagège, Alain Bel, Bernard Cholley, Alexandre Parouchev, Isabelle Cacciapuoti, Reem Al-Daccak, Nadine Benhamouda, Hélène Blons, Onnik Agbulut, Lucie Tosca, Jean-Hugues Trouvin, Jean-Roch Fabreguettes, Valérie Bellamy, Dominique Charron, Eric Tartour, Gérard Tachdjian, Michel Desnos, Jérôme Larghero
BACKGROUND: In addition to scalability, human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) have the unique advantage of allowing their directed differentiation toward lineage-specific cells. OBJECTIVES: This study tested the feasibility of leveraging the properties of hESCs to generate clinical-grade cardiovascular progenitor cells and assessed their safety in patients with severe ischemic left ventricular dysfunction. METHODS: Six patients (median age 66...
January 30, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387651/mini-open-versus-open-repair-techniques-in-achilles-tendon-rupture-clinical-and-isokinetic-evaluation
#19
Daniele Munegato, Giulia Gridavilla, Stefano Guerrasio, Marco Turati, Carlo Cazzaniga, Nicolò Zanchi, Giovanni Zatti, Marco Bigoni
Background: The aim of the study was to compare the mini-open to the classic open repair techniques for Achilles tendon ruptures. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated at a minimum of 2 years follow-up 32 subcutaneous Achilles tendon ruptures; 17 underwent mini-open surgery (Group A) and 15 the open technique (Group B). Results: No difference in Achilles Tendon Total Rupture Score and in modified Leppillahti score was observed. With respect to the contralateral side the width of the operated Achilles tendon was 4...
July 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384316/continuous-tube-feeding-versus-intermittent-oral-feeding-for-intermediate-position-enterostomy-in-infants
#20
Weiwei Jiang, Jie Zhang, Xiaofeng Lv, Xiaoqun Xu, Qiming Geng, Weibing Tang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The stoma of intermediate position enterostomy (IPE) often leads to high output, which is related to electrolyte abnormalities, and prolongs patient recovery post-operatively. The continuous nasogastric tube feeding method has the advantage of reducing the risk of feeding intolerance, and improves nutrient absorption. In the current study, we review our experience with continuous tube feeding and compare the clinical outcomes with intermittent oral feeding in patients with an IPE post-operatively...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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