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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025397/a-qualitative-study-of-patient-education-needs-for-hip-and-knee-replacement
#1
Deborah Kennedy, Amy Wainwright, Lucy Pereira, Susan Robarts, Patricia Dickson, Jennifer Christian, Fiona Webster
BACKGROUND: Quality health information is key to patient engagement, self-management and an enhanced healthcare experience. There is strong evidence to support involving patients and their families in the development and evaluation of health-related educational material. These factors were the impetus for our high volume joint replacement centre to undertake a qualitative study to elicit patient experiences to inform the development of effective strategies and education along the care continuum for hip and knee replacement...
October 12, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020700/a-case-report-of-delayed-intra-abdominal-and-intra-luminal-haemorrhage-after-polypectomy
#2
Albrecht Neesse, Marian Grade, Sebastian Dango, Michael Ghadimi, Volker Ellenrieder, Steffen Kunsch, Ahmad Amanzada
We report the case of a 70-year-old man who presented with hematochezia, anaemia, and severe abdominal pain 6 days after polypectomy. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound and computed tomography revealed no signs of free intra-abdominal air but showed intra-abdominal and intra-luminal bleeding. The patient was referred to colonoscopy in the operation room, which showed a coagula and venous bleeding at the polypectomy site. Emergency laparotomy was performed and revealed a large intra-abdominal mesocolic hematoma, which was surgically removed...
October 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017982/clinical-presentation-diagnosis-and-surgical-treatment-of-spontaneous-cervical-intradural-disc-herniations-a-review-of-the-literature
#3
REVIEW
Arunprasad Gunasekaran, Nova Kristine M de Los Reyes, Jerry Walters, Noojan Kazemi
OBJECTIVE: Spontaneous cervical intradural disc herniation (IDH) is a rare occurrence with limited and disparate information available regarding its presentation, diagnosis, and treatment. However, its accurate detection is vital for planning surgical treatment. In this review of the literature, we collected data from all cervical intradural disc herniations described to date. Particular attention is paid to diagnostic findings, surgical approach and causation for cervical IDH, especially at the cervicothoracic junction...
October 7, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017862/emergency-repair-of-upper-extremity-large-soft-tissue-and-vascular-injuries-with-flow-through-anterolateral-thigh-free-flaps
#4
Yi Zhan, Guo Fu, Xiang Zhou, Bo He, Li-Wei Yan, Qing-Tang Zhu, Li-Qiang Gu, Xiao-Lin Liu, Jian Qi
BACKGROUND: /Objectives: Complex extremity trauma commonly involves both soft tissue and vascular injuries. Traditional two-stage surgical repair may delay rehabilitation and functional recovery, as well as increase the risk of infections. We report a single-stage reconstructive surgical method that repairs soft tissue defects and vascular injuries with flow-through free flaps to improve functional outcomes. METHODS: Between March 2010 and December 2016 in our hospital, 5 patients with severe upper extremity trauma received single-stage reconstructive surgery, in which a flow-through anterolateral thigh free flap was applied to repair soft tissue defects and vascular injuries simultaneously...
October 7, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994339/intranasal-drug-delivery-devices-and-interventions-associated-with-post-operative-endoscopic-sinus-surgery
#5
Lari K Dkhar, Jim Bartley, David White, Ali Seyfoddin
This review article highlights the importance and advantages of the drug delivery systems applied via the nasal route after endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) for patients suffering from chronic rhinosinusitis. After ESS, patients often require ongoing topical and systemic medication. To reduce the incidence of immediate and delayed post-surgical complications, a variety of temporary postoperative nasal interventions are currently used. However, newly developed intranasal drug delivery devices can enhance tissue recovery after endoscopic sinus surgery by releasing therapeutic drugs locally, while providing structural support to reduce tissue adhesion and scaring...
October 10, 2017: Pharmaceutical Development and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992229/meta-analysis-of-cognitive-functioning-in-patients-following-kidney-transplantation
#6
Paras Joshee, Amanda G Wood, Eleri R Wood, Elizabeth A Grunfeld
Background: There is mixed evidence regarding the nature of cognitive function in patients who have undergone renal transplantation. The aim of this meta-analysis was to examine which cognitive domains are impacted following kidney transplantation and how performance compares with non-transplanted patients or healthy controls/normative data. Method: A systematic search was conducted using keywords within three databases (Embase, MEDLINE and PsychINFO), yielding 458 unique studies, 10 of which met the inclusion criteria...
September 7, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977548/ribcage-kinematics-during-exercise-justifies-thoracoscopic-versus-postero-lateral-thoracotomy-lobectomy-prompt-recovery
#7
Antonella LoMauro, Andrea Aliverti, Melania Chiesa, Margherita Cattaneo, Emilia Privitera, Davide Tosi, Mario Nosotti, Luigi Santambrogio, Alessandro Palleschi
OBJECTIVES: The video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) approach is encouraged over postero-lateral thoracotomy (PLT) for lobectomy in lung cancer. We compare the ribcage kinematics during exercise before and after both procedures, assuming that VATS, being minimally invasive, could better preserve ribcage expansion. METHODS: Thirty-one patients undergoing lobectomy by means of VATS ( n  = 20) or PLT ( n  = 11) were compared presurgery, after chest drainage removal ( T 1 ) and 2 months post-surgery ( T 2 ) during quiet breathing and incremental exercise...
June 19, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969245/effect-of-different-dosages-of-intravenous-midazolam-premedication-on-patients-undergoing-head-and-neck-surgeries-a-double-blinded-randomized-controlled-study
#8
Roshni Gupta, Neeta Santha, Madhusudan Upadya, Jesni Joseph Manissery
INTRODUCTION: Benzodiazepines primarily acts on the central nervous system. Most patients are extremely anxious in the pre-operative period. Excessive anxiety adversely influences anaesthetic induction and often leads to functional impairment and poor recovery after surgery. AIM: To determine whether amnesia, anxiety, sedation and cardio respiratory symptoms are affected while administering two different doses of intravenous midazolam (0.02 mg/kg & 0.06 mg/kg). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two forty patients posted for head and neck surgeries were involved in this double blinded prospective randomised controlled trial...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965086/case-report-of-a-littoral-cell-angioma-of-the-spleen-and-accessory-spleens-a-benign-vascular-tumour
#9
Yagan Pillay, M Omar Shokeir
INTRODUCTION: Littoral- cell angioma (LCA) is a rare benign vascular tumour of the spleen. There have been less then 80 cases reported in the literature. Recent reports have described it to be a malignant lesion with congenital and immunologic associations. We report a case of LCA of the spleen. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 52 -year-old male patient was admitted to hospital with a three month duration of intermittent upper abdominal pain and nausea. Imaging studies, including computer tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), showed multiple lesions in the spleen as well as in the accessory spleens...
September 23, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956152/which-factors-are-independent-predictors-of-early-recovery-of-mobility-in-the-older-adults-population-after-hip-fracture-a-cohort-prognostic-study
#10
Mattia Morri, Cristiana Forni, Maura Marchioni, Elena Bonetti, Francesca Marseglia, Andrea Cotti
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to identify all factors that might influence the short-term recovery of mobility in older adults' patients after hip surgery. METHODS: A prospective cohort prognostic study was carried out. The study enrolled all consecutive patients aged 65 years or over admitted for hip fracture due to fragility. Patients were monitored from their admission into the emergency department of the hospital, until their discharge. The level of mobility was measured by the ILOA scale, administered during the 6th day of hospitalisation...
September 27, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953706/post-operative-resolution-of-mri-signal-intensity-changes-and-the-associated-impact-on-outcomes-in-degenerative-cervical-myelopathy-analysis-of-a-global-cohort-of-patients
#11
So Kato, Aria Nouri, Hamed Reihani-Kermani, Yasushi Oshima, Joseph Cheng, Michael G Fehlings
STUDY DESIGN: Sub-analysis of the prospective AOSpine CSM North America and International studies. OBJECTIVE: To describe the post-operative changes in MRI spinal cord signal intensity in degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM) patients and to investigate the impact of its post-operative resolution on clinical outcomes. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: When examining the spinal cord, hyperintensity found in MRI T2-weighted images and hypointensity in T1-weighted images are known to correlate with pre-operative severity of DCM and to predict post-operative neurological recovery...
September 26, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950308/change-in-biventricular-function-after-cone-reconstruction-of-ebstein-s-anomaly-an-echocardiographic-study
#12
E Perdreau, V Tsang, M L Hughes, M Ibrahim, S Kataria, K Janagarajan, X Iriart, S Khambadkone, J Marek
Aims: The Cone reconstruction in Ebstein's anomaly (EA) aims to reduce tricuspid valve regurgitation (TR) and reposition the valve to the anatomic annulus, but post-operative progress of ventricular function is poorly understood. This study evaluated biventricular function after Cone reconstruction using echocardiographic techniques. Methods and results: A retrospective study assessing longitudinal change was conducted from 2009 to 2014. All symptomatic patients with EA and severe TR undergoing surgery were included...
July 31, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936475/surgical-data-science-the-new-knowledge-domain
#13
S Swaroop Vedula, Gregory D Hager
Healthcare in general, and surgery/interventional care in particular, is evolving through rapid advances in technology and increasing complexity of care with the goal of maximizing quality and value of care. While innovations in diagnostic and therapeutic technologies have driven past improvements in quality of surgical care, future transformation in care will be enabled by data. Conventional methodologies, such as registry studies, are limited in their scope for discovery and research, extent and complexity of data, breadth of analytic techniques, and translation or integration of research findings into patient care...
April 2017: Innov Surg Sci
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932946/ready-to-go-home-patients-experiences-of-the-discharge-process-in-an-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-eras-program-for-colorectal-surgery
#14
D Jones, R Musselman, E Pearsall, M McKenzie, H Huang, Robin S McLeod
BACKGROUND: With the adoption of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) programs, patients are being discharged earlier and require more post-discharge teaching, educational materials, and information. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to assess satisfaction, discharge needs, and follow-up concerns of patients within an ERAS implementation program (iERAS). METHODS: Between 2012 and 2015, the iERAS program was undertaken at an academic hospital where 554 patients having elective colorectal surgery were enrolled...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929068/endoscopic-myringoplasty-versus-microscopic-myringoplasty-in-tubotympanic-csom-a-comparative-study-of-120-cases
#15
A C Jyothi, B H Shrikrishna, N H Kulkarni, Ajay Kumar
Myringoplasty is one of the commonest operations performed on the middle ear. Our aim was to compare the results of endoscopic permeatal myringoplasty with that of conventional myringoplasty by post aural approach using operating microscope. A total of 120 patients having central perforation of tympanic membrane were randomly divided into two equal groups of 60 patients each. In the first group, endoscope was used and in the second group microscope was used to do myringoplasty. Temporalis fascia was used as a graft material...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929060/laser-assisted-double-layer-endoscopic-repair-of-laryngeal-clefts-our-experience-in-11-cases
#16
Danah Aljomah, Jaber Alshammari
Laryngeal cleft is a rare congenital malformation of the respiratory tract leading to a high level of morbidity and mortality, recently being diagnosed with increased frequency. Management throughout the years included medical and surgical. The open surgical technique is more commonly used although it has higher risk and need longer post-operative care. Recently surgical endoscopic repair was introduced using different techniques. To evaluate the clinical features of infants and children presenting with laryngeal clefts, and review endoscopic management modality especially the technique and results of repair using double-layer (2 layers) technique...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928589/laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-under-segmental-thoracic-spinal-anesthesia-a-feasible-economical-alternative
#17
Aditya Kumar Kejriwal, Shaheen Begum, Gopal Krishan, Richa Agrawal
Laparoscopic surgery is normally performed under general anesthesia, but regional techniques like thoracic epidural and lumbar spinal have been emerging and found beneficial. We performed a clinical case study of segmental thoracic spinal anaesthesia in a healthy patient. We selected an ASA grade I patient undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy and gave spinal anesthetic in T10-11 interspace using 1 ml of bupivacaine 5 mg ml(-1) mixed with 0.5 ml of fentanyl 50 μg ml(-1). Other drugs were only given (systemically) to manage patient anxiety, pain, nausea, hypotension, or pruritus during or after surgery...
July 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928326/a-delayed-acute-complication-of-bariatric-surgery-gastric-remnant-haemorrhagic-ulcer-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#18
Stefan Patrascu, Carmen Balague Ponz, Sonia Fernandez Ananin, Eduardo M Targarona Soler
Acute gastric remnant bleeding is an exceptionally rare complication when it occurs long after bariatric surgery. We present the case of a patient with a bleeding ulcer of the excluded stomach (i.e., the remnant), occurring 7 years after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) for morbid obesity. A computed tomography scan managed to locate the active bleeding source in the gastric remnant. During emergency laparotomy, a bleeding ulcer of the fundic region of the excluded stomach was identified. Total resection of the remnant was performed, with good post-operative recovery...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928325/transversus-abdominis-plane-block-for-pain-relief-in-patients-undergoing-in-endoscopic-repair-of-abdominal-wall-hernia-a-comparative-randomised-double-blind-prospective-study
#19
Aparna Sinha, Lakshmi Jayaraman, Dinesh Punhani, Pradeep Chowbey
INTRODUCTION: Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block is now a well-established technique in post-operative analgesia for lower abdominal surgeries. We evaluated the effect of ultrasound-guided TAP block on recovery parameters in patients undergoing endoscopic repair of abdominal wall hernia. METHODS: Thirty adults were randomised to receive either ropivacaine with dexmedetomidine (TR) or saline (TP) in TAP block, before emergence from anaesthesia. The patients were assessed for pain relief, sedation, time to ambulate (TA), discharge readiness (DR), postoperative opioid requirement and any adverse events...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925493/repair-and-sensory-reconstruction-of-the-children-s-finger-pulp-defects-with-perforator-pedicled-propeller-flap-in-proper-digital-artery
#20
S-M Feng, A-G Wang, Z-Y Zhang, Q-Q Sun, Y-L Tao, M-M Zhou, Y-J Hao
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to investigate the clinical effects of adopting perforator pedicled propeller flap in the proper digital artery for treatment and sensory reconstruction of finger pulp defects in children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Perforator pedicled propeller flap of proper digital arteries in thirty-one fingers from twenty-three children patients were selected for repairing the pulp defects on the 2nd to the 5th fingers. All cases were treated from September 2012 to December 2013...
August 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
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