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Medial forebrain Bundle

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863709/the-neuronal-basis-of-copper-induced-modulation-of-anxiety-state-in-rat
#1
Abbaoui Abdellatif, E L Hiba Omar, Gamrani Halima
Recently, studies have provided strong evidence indicating the involvement of trace elements in the physiopathology of psychiatric disorders, particularly anxiety. We aimed, through the present study, to describe the effect of acute exposure to Cu (10mg/kg BW) on anxiety state together with the serotoninergic and dopaminergic systems in rat by means of neurobehavioral tests (elevated plus maze, dark light box) and immunohistochemistry using anti-serotonin (5HT) and anti-tyrosine hydroxylase (TH). Our data report that Cu enhanced 5HT innervation in the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) together with a loss of TH expression within the ventral tegmental area (VTA), Substantia nigra compacta (SNc) and their subsequent outputs including the medial forebrain bundle (MFB) and striatum...
November 15, 2016: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858721/axon-guidance-molecule-expression-after-cell-therapy-in-a-mouse-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#2
Joanna Kalaani, Rochea Joëlle, Eva Hamade, Bassam Badran, Mohamed Jaber, Afsaneh Gaillard, Laetitia Prestoz
BACKGROUND: Cell therapy is a promising approach for Parkinson's disease (PD). Others and we have previously shown that transplantation of ventral mesencephalic fetal cells into substantia nigra (SN) in an animal model of PD enables anatomical and functional repair of the degenerated pathway. However, the molecular basis of this repair is still largely unknown. OBJECTIVE: In this work, we studied the expression of several axon guidance molecules that may be implicated in the repair of the degenerated nigrostriatal pathway...
November 16, 2016: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844282/morphological-changes-in-a-severe-model-of-parkinson-s-disease-and-its-suitability-to-test-the-therapeutic-effects-of-microencapsulated-neurotrophic-factors
#3
C Requejo, J A Ruiz-Ortega, H Bengoetxea, A García-Blanco, E Herrán, A Aristieta, M Igartua, J L Pedraz, L Ugedo, R M Hernández, J V Lafuente
The unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) lesion of medial forebrain bundle (MFB) in rats affords us to study the advanced stages of Parkinson's disease (PD). Numerous evidences suggest synergic effects when various neurotrophic factors are administered in experimental models of PD. The aim of the present work was to assess the morphological changes along the rostro-caudal axis of caudo-putamen complex and substantia nigra (SN) in the referred model in order to test the suitability of a severe model to evaluate new neurorestorative therapies...
November 14, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789262/reward-magnitude-tracking-by-neural-populations-in-ventral-striatum
#4
Ana M Fiallos, Sarah J Bricault, Lili X Cai, Hermoon A Worku, Matthew T Colonnese, Gil Westmeyer, Alan Jasanoff
Evaluation of the magnitudes of intrinsically rewarding stimuli is essential for assigning value and guiding behavior. By combining parametric manipulation of a primary reward, medial forebrain bundle (MFB) microstimulation, with functional magnetic imaging (fMRI) in rodents, we delineated a broad network of structures activated by behaviorally characterized levels of rewarding stimulation. Correlation of psychometric behavioral measurements with fMRI response magnitudes revealed regions whose activity corresponded closely to the subjective magnitude of rewards...
October 24, 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743939/cav1-3-channel-blockade-in-the-extended-amygdala-has-a-delayed-effect-on-the-reward-efficacy-of-medial-forebrain-bundle-stimulation
#5
Meg Waraczynski, Samantha Abbott, Alex V Schultz
Previous work in our laboratory has shown that stimulating D2 dopamine receptors in the central sublenticular extended amygdala (SLEAc) can render medial forebrain bundle (MFB) stimulation less rewarding. One of the many ways in which D2 stimulation could affect the activity status of SLEAc neurons is by indirectly blocking calcium ion (Ca(2+)) influx through CaV1.3 channels. He we directly investigate the effects of blocking CaV1.3 channels on the rewarding effect of MFB stimulation. In experiment one, CaV1...
October 13, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706421/effects-of-crocin-on-brain-oxidative-damage-and-aversive-memory-in-a-6-ohda-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#6
Z Rajaei, M Hosseini, H Alaei
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of crocin on brain oxidative damage and memory deficits in a 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) model of Parkinson's disease. Male Wistar rats were subjected to unilateral injection of 6-OHDA (16 µg) into the medial forebrain bundle and treated with crocin (30 and 60 mg/kg) for six weeks. The rats were tested for memory performance at six weeks after 6-OHDA infusion, and then were killed for the estimation of biochemical parameters. The increase in thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and nitrite levels in the hippocampus were observed in the 6-OHDA lesioned rats, which was accompanied by memory deficits in a passive avoidance test at the end of week 6...
September 2016: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702636/intracranial-self-stimulation-also-facilitates-learning-in-a-visual-discrimination-task-in-the-morris-water-maze-in-rats
#7
Soleil García-Brito, Ignacio Morgado-Bernal, Neus Biosca-Simon, Pilar Segura-Torres
Intracranial self-Stimulation (ICSS) of the medial forebrain bundle is a treatment capable of consistently facilitating acquisition of learning and memory in a wide array of experimental paradigms in rats. However, the evidence supporting this effect on implicit memory comes mainly from classical conditioning and avoidance tasks. The present work aims to determine whether ICSS would also improve the performance of rats in another type of implicit task such as cued simultaneous visual discrimination in the Morris Water Maze...
October 1, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701719/neuroprotective-effects-of-ellagic-acid-in-a-rat-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#8
Alireza Sarkaki, Yaghoob Farbood, Mojtaba Dolatshahi, Seyed Mohammad Taqhi Mansouri, Ali Khodadadi
Antioxidants have protective effects against free radicals-induced neural damage in Parkinson's disease (PD). We examined the effects of ellagic acid (EA) on locomotion, pallidal local EEG, and its frequency bands' power and also cerebral antioxidant contents in a rat model of PD induced by 6-hydroxidopamine (6-OHDA). 6-OHDA (16 µg/2µ l) was injected into the right medial forebrain bundle (MFB) in MFB-lesioned rat's brain. Sham group received vehicle instead of 6-OHDA. PD-model was confirmed by rotational test using apomorphine injection...
August 2016: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697481/differential-induction-of-dyskinesia-and-neuroinflammation-by-pulsatile-versus-continuous-l-dopa-delivery-in-the-6-ohda-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#9
Giovanna Mulas, Elena Espa, Sandro Fenu, Saturnino Spiga, Giovanni Cossu, Elisabetta Pillai, Ezio Carboni, Gabriella Simbula, Dragana Jadžić, Fabrizio Angius, Stefano Spolitu, Barbara Batetta, Daniela Lecca, Andrea Giuffrida, Anna R Carta
Neuroinflammation is associated with l-DOPA treatment in Parkinson's disease (PD), suggesting a role in l-DOPA-induced dyskinesia (LID), however it is unclear whether increased inflammation is specifically related to the dyskinetic outcome of l-DOPA treatment. Diversely from oral l-DOPA, continuous intrajejunal l-DOPA infusion is associated with very low dyskinetic outcome in PD patients. We reproduced these regimens of administration in 6-OHDA-lesioned hemiparkinsonian rats, where dyskinetic responses and striatal neuroinflammation induced by chronic pulsatile (DOPAp) or continuous (DOPAc) l-DOPA were compared...
December 2016: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693415/altered-melatonin-mt1-receptor-expression-in-the-ventral-midbrain-following-6-hydroxydopamine-lesions-in-the-rat-medial-forebrain-bundle
#10
Na Hyea Kang, Candace H Carriere, Sarra G Bahna, Lennard P Niles
The indoleamine hormone melatonin protects dopamine neurons in the rat nigrostriatal pathway following 6-hydroxydopamine lesioning, and an increase in striatal melatonin levels has been detected in this model of Parkinson's disease. Melatonin induces the expression of tyrosine hydroxylase, the rate-limiting enzyme for dopamine synthesis, in the ventral midbrain, where G protein-coupled melatonin receptors are present. Based on the interaction between the melatonergic and dopaminergic systems, we hypothesized that 6-hydroxydopamine-induced degeneration of dopamine neurons would affect the expression of melatonin receptors in the nigrostriatal pathway...
September 27, 2016: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686026/the-role-of-neuropeptide-cart-in-the-lateral-hypothalamic-ventral-tegmental-area-lh-vta-circuit-in-motivation
#11
Amita R Somalwar, Gajanan P Shelkar, Nishikant K Subhedar, Dadasaheb M Kokare
Rats with electrode implanted in the lateral hypothalamus (LH)-medial forebrain bundle (MFB) area actively engage in intracranial self-stimulation (ICSS). However, the neuronal substrate that translates the electrical pulses into the neural signals, and integrates the information with mesolimbic reward system, has remained elusive. We test the hypothesis that the cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART) neurons in the LH-MFB area may support this function. The ICSS activity via an electrode in LH-MFB area was facilitated by CART (55-102) peptide stereotaxically injected in the lateral ventricle or posterior ventral tegmental area (pVTA), but attenuated by CART antibody...
September 27, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664460/the-impact-of-l-dopa-on-attentional-impairments-in-a-rat-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#12
Elizabeth S Smith, Gwendolyn A Hardy, Timothy Schallert, Hongjoo J Lee
Attentional deficits including difficulty in switching attention between tasks or rules, sustaining attention, and selectively attending to specific stimuli are commonly seen in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). While these deficits are frequently reported, it is unclear how traditional dopamine replacement therapy such as l-dopa affects these deficits. In a rat model of PD in which dopamine is unilaterally depleted with a 6-hydroxydopamine infusion to the medial forebrain bundle, we first examined the impact of acute and chronic l-dopa treatment on attention switching as modeled by disengagement behavior (i...
September 21, 2016: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616337/activation-and-blockade-of-serotonin6-receptors-in-the-dorsal-hippocampus-enhance-t-maze-and-hole-board-performance-in-a-unilateral-6-hydroxydopamine-rat-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#13
Kun Cheng Liu, Jun Yi Li, Wen Xie, Li Bo Li, Jin Zhang, Cheng Xue Du, Yu Ming Zhang, Hui Hui Tan, Hui Sheng Wang, Li Zhang
The role of dorsal hippocampus (DH) serotonin6 (5-HT6) receptors in memory is unknown, particularly in memory impairment of Parkinson's disease. We tested here effects of activation and blockade of DH 5-HT6 receptors on working and hippocampus-dependent memories in rats with unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine lesions of the medial forebrain bundle. The lesion induced working and hippocampus-dependent memory impairments as measured by the T-maze rewarded alternation and hole-board tests, and decreased dopamine (DA) levels in the striatum, medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), DH and amygdala...
November 1, 2016: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597526/validation-of-an-improved-scale-for-rating-l-dopa-induced-dyskinesia-in-the-mouse-and-effects-of-specific-dopamine-receptor-antagonists
#14
Irene Sebastianutto, Natallia Maslava, Corey R Hopkins, M Angela Cenci
Rodent models of l-DOPA-induced dyskinesia (LID) are essential to investigate pathophysiological mechanisms and treatment options. Ratings of abnormal involuntary movements (AIMs) are used to capture both qualitative and quantitative features of dyskinetic behaviors. Thus far, validated rating scales for the mouse have anchored the definition of severity to the time during which AIMs are present. Here we have asked whether the severity of axial, limb, and orolingual AIMs can be objectively assessed with scores based on movement amplitude...
September 2, 2016: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566288/sex-differences-in-abuse-related-neurochemical-and-behavioral-effects-of-3-4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine-mdma-in-rats
#15
M F Lazenka, J A Suyama, C T Bauer, M L Banks, S S Negus
3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) is a substrate for the dopamine (DA), norepinephrine and serotonin (5HT) transporters that produces greater pharmacological effects on certain endpoints in females than males in both clinical and rodent preclinical studies. To evaluate potential for sex differences in abuse-related MDMA effects, the present study compared MDMA effects on intracranial self-stimulation (ICSS) and on in vivo microdialysis measurements of DA or 5HT in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) in female and male Sprague-Dawley rats...
August 23, 2016: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558074/study-of-differentiated-human-umbilical-cord-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-transplantation-on-rat-model-of-advanced-parkinsonism
#16
Zhaowei Wang, Aimin Chen, Shengjuan Yan, Chengyan Li
The aim of this study was to explore the curative effect of differentiated human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs) transplantation on rat of advanced Parkinson disease (PD) model. Human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells were cultured and induced differentiation in vitro. The PD rats were established and allocated randomly into 2 groups: differentiated hUC-MSCs groups and physiological saline groups (the control group). Rotation test and immunofluorescence double staining were done...
August 2016: Cell Biochemistry and Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525025/electroacupuncture-alleviates-depressive-like-symptoms-and-modulates-bdnf-signaling-in-6-hydroxydopamine-rats
#17
Min Sun, Ke Wang, Yan Yu, Wen-Ting Su, Xin-Xin Jiang, Jian Yang, Jun Jia, Xiao-Min Wang
Previous studies have identified the beneficial effects of electroacupuncture (EA) on motor behaviors in Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the role and potential mechanisms of EA in PD-associated depression remain unclear. In the present study, a rat model of PD with unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) lesions in the medial forebrain bundle was treated using EA for 4 weeks. We found that 100 Hz EA improved several motor phenotypes. In addition, tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) immunohistochemical analysis showed that EA had a minimal impact on the TH-positive profiles of the ipsilateral ventral tegmental area...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504103/contribution-of-pro-inflammatory-cytokine-signaling-within-midbrain-periaqueductal-gray-to-pain-sensitivity-in-parkinson-s-disease-via-gabaergic-pathway
#18
Xianbo Zhuang, Yanxiu Chen, Xianpeng Zhuang, Tuanzhi Chen, Tao Xing, Weifei Wang, Xiafeng Yang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hypersensitive pain response is often observed in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD); however, the mechanisms responsible for hyperalgesia are not well understood. Chronic neuroinflammation is one of the hallmarks of PD pathophysiology. Since the midbrain periaqueductal gray (PAG) is an important component of the descending inhibitory pathway controlling on central pain transmission, we examined the role for pro-inflammatory cytokines (PICs) system of PAG in regulating exaggerated pain evoked by PD...
2016: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473322/a-hedonism-hub-in-the-human-brain
#19
G Zacharopoulos, T M Lancaster, T Bracht, N Ihssen, G R Maio, D E J Linden
Human values are abstract ideals that motivate behavior. The motivational nature of human values raises the possibility that they might be underpinned by brain structures that are particularly involved in motivated behavior and reward processing. We hypothesized that variation in subcortical hubs of the reward system and their main connecting pathway, the superolateral medial forebrain bundle (slMFB) is associated with individual value orientation. We conducted Pearson's correlation between the scores of 10 human values and the volumes of 14 subcortical structures and microstructural properties of the medial forebrain bundle in a sample of 87 participants, correcting for multiple comparisons (i...
October 2016: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27444243/%C3%AE-asarone-increases-mef2d-and-th-levels-and-reduces-%C3%AE-synuclein-level-in-6-ohda-induced-rats-via-regulating-the-hsp70-mapk-mef2d-beclin-1-pathway-chaperone-mediated-autophagy-activation-macroautophagy-inhibition-and-hsp70-up-expression
#20
Liping Huang, Minzhen Deng, Yuping He, Shiyao Lu, Shu Liu, Yongqi Fang
Inactive myocyte enhancer factor 2D (MEF2D) and alpha-synuclein (α-syn) aggregation will cause neuronal death. MEF2D or α-syn degradation is also associated with macroautophagy, chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA) and heat-shock protein 70 (HSP70). We found that β-asarone had positive effects on treating 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced rats, but mechanisms of β-asarone affecting on MEF2D and α-syn via regulating the HSP70/MAPK/MEF2D/Beclin-1 pathway remain unclear. Unilateral 6-OHDA injection into the medial forebrain bundle was used to create PD rats, which were divided into four groups and administered for 30days: 6-OHDA model group, MEF2D inhibitor-treated group (SB203580, 0...
October 15, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
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