keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

SGLT2 inhibition type 1 diabetes mellitus

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074329/degree-of-ketonaemia-and-its-association-with-insulin-resistance-after-dapagliflozin-treatment-in-type-2-diabetes
#1
S H Min, T J Oh, S-I Baek, D-H Lee, K M Kim, J H Moon, S H Choi, K S Park, H C Jang, S Lim
BACKGROUND: Euglycaemic ketoacidosis has been reported after sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor treatment. However, the degree of ketonaemia and its metabolic effects have not been well investigated. Our study examined the degree of ketonaemia induced by SGLT2 inhibition and its association with metabolic profiles in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: Biochemical parameters, including insulin, glucagon, free fatty acid (FFA), β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) and acetoacetate (ACA) levels, were measured in 119 T2DM patients after dapagliflozin treatment for>3 months, and compared with a matched control group...
October 23, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840540/a-more-tubulocentric-view-of-diabetic-kidney-disease
#2
REVIEW
Letizia Zeni, Anthony G W Norden, Giovanni Cancarini, Robert J Unwin
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a common complication of Diabetes Mellitus (DM) Types 1 and 2, and prevention of end stage renal disease (ESRD) remains a major challenge. Despite its high prevalence, the pathogenesis of DN is still controversial. Initial glomerular disease manifested by hyperfiltration and loss of glomerular size and charge permselectivity may initiate a cascade of injuries, including tubulo-interstitial disease. Clinically, 'microalbuminuria' is still accepted as an early biomarker of glomerular damage, despite mounting evidence that its predictive value for DN is questionable, and findings that suggest the proximal tubule is an important link in the development of DN...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811850/effect-of-sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2-inhibitors-with-low-sglt2-sglt1-selectivity-on-circulating-glucagon-like-peptide-1-levels-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#3
REVIEW
Kohzo Takebayashi, Toshihiko Inukai
Sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are a new class of antidiabetic drugs that improve glycemic control by inhibiting reabsorption of glucose filtered through the renal glomerulus. Use of drugs in this class has increased because of their effect of decreasing body weight and a low risk for hypoglycemia, in addition to a relatively strong glucose-lowering effect. SGLT2 inhibitors such as canagliflozin and sotagliflozin (a SGLT1/SGLT2 dual inhibitor) also have a mild or moderate intestinal and renal SGLT1 inhibitory effect because of their relatively weak selectivity for SGLT2 over SGLT1...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763435/therapeutic-effect-of-sodium-glucose-co-transporter-2-inhibitor-dapagliflozin-on-renal-cell-carcinoma
#4
Haoyu Kuang, Liya Liao, Hongtao Chen, Qian Kang, Xiaochun Shu, Yanan Wang
BACKGROUND Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have a high incidence of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and high sodium glucose co-transporters 2 (SGLT2) expressions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the anticancer activity of dapagliflozin as an SGLT2 inhibitor on RCC cell lines in vitro and in vivo. MATERIAL AND METHODS qRT-PCR and Western blot were used to detect SGLT2 expression on different human renal cells. Then, flow cytometry and immunofluorescence were used to investigate the effects of dapagliflozin on cell cycle, apoptosis, and SGLT2 expression of CaKi-1 cells...
August 1, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665967/effects-of-canagliflozin-on-weight-loss-in-high-fat-diet-induced-obese-mice
#5
Wenjun Ji, Mei Zhao, Meng Wang, Wenhui Yan, Yuan Liu, Shuting Ren, Jun Lu, Bing Wang, Lina Chen
Canagliflozin, an inhibitor of sodium glucose co-transporter (SGLT) 2, has been shown to reduce body weight during the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In this study, we sought to determine the role of canagliflozin in body weight loss and liver injury in obesity. C57BL/6J mice were fed a high-fat diet to simulate diet-induced obesity (DIO). Canagliflozin (15 and 60 mg/kg) was administered to DIO mice for 4 weeks. Orlistat (10 mg/kg) was used as a positive control. The body weight, liver weight, liver morphology, total cholesterol (TC) and triglyceride (TG) levels were examined...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332871/sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2-and-dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-inhibition-promise-of-a-dynamic-duo
#6
REVIEW
Ildiko Lingvay
OBJECTIVE: This article reviews evidence supporting sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor and dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor combination therapy for management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: We conducted a nonsystematic review of the literature focusing on single-pill or fixed-dose combinations of SGLT2 inhibitors and DPP-4 inhibitors available in the United States. RESULTS: SGLT2 inhibitors and DPP-4 inhibitors have complementary mechanisms of action that address several of the underlying pathophysiologic abnormalities present in T2DM without overlapping toxicities...
July 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323955/rapid-onset-of-diabetic-ketoacidosis-after-sglt2-inhibition-in-a-patient-with-unrecognized-acromegaly
#7
Marino Quarella, Daniel Walser, Michael Brändle, Jean-Yves Fournier, Stefan Bilz
Context: Diabetic ketoacidosis has been described as a rare complication of acromegaly and may be observed in 1% of affected patients. The well-described direct lipolytic effect of growth hormone results in increased availability of free fatty acids (FFAs) for hepatic ketogenesis and is an important pathogenic event. More recently, ketoacidosis has been identified as an important complication of sodium-glucose-transport-protein 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i). Increased pancreatic glucagon secretion, impaired renal ketone body clearance, and an increase in FFA concentrations secondary to decreased insulin concentrations are likely precipitating factors...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128510/determinants-of-the-increase-in-ketone-concentration-during-sglt2-inhibition-in-ngt-ifg-and-t2dm-patients
#8
Hussein Al Jobori, Giuseppe Daniele, John Adams, Eugenio Cersosimo, Curtis Triplitt, Ralph A DeFronzo, Muhammad Abdul-Ghani
AIM: To examine metabolic factors that influence ketone production after sodium-glucose cotransport inhibitor (SGLT2) administration. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Fasting plasma glucose (FPG), insulin, glucagon, free fatty acid and ketone concentrations were measured in 15 type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and 16 non-diabetic subjects before and at day 1 and day 14 after treatment with empagliflozin. RESULTS: Empagliflozin caused a 38 mg/dL reduction in FPG concentration in T2DM patients...
June 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099783/ketosis-and-diabetic-ketoacidosis-in-response-to-sglt2-inhibitors-basic-mechanisms-and-therapeutic-perspectives
#9
REVIEW
Hongyu Qiu, Aleksandra Novikov, Volker Vallon
Inhibitors of the sodium-glucose cotransporter SGLT2 are a new class of antihyperglycemic drugs that have been approved for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). These drugs inhibit glucose reabsorption in the proximal tubules of the kidney thereby enhancing glucosuria and lowering blood glucose levels. Additional consequences and benefits include a reduction in body weight, uric acid levels, and blood pressure. Moreover, SGLT2 inhibition can have protective effects on the kidney and cardiovascular system in patients with T2DM and high cardiovascular risk...
July 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894216/bone-effects-of-canagliflozin-a-sodium-glucose-co-transporter-2-inhibitor-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#10
REVIEW
Thomas C Blevins, Azeez Farooki
Canagliflozin, a sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor approved for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), lowers blood glucose by inhibiting renal glucose reabsorption and increasing urinary glucose excretion. It has been reported that SGLT2 inhibitors may have potential adverse effects on bone, including increased fracture risk and decreased bone mineral density (BMD). Across clinical studies, canagliflozin was not associated with meaningful changes in serum or urine calcium, vitamin D, or parathyroid hormone...
January 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600862/efficacy-and-safety-of-canagliflozin-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-living-in-hot-climates
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Mathew John, Sonia Cerdas, Rafael Violante, Chaicharn Deerochanawong, Mohamed Hassanein, April Slee, William Canovatchel, Gill Hamilton
AIMS: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have increased risk of adverse events (AEs; e.g. dehydration, hypoglycaemia) in hot weather. This analysis assessed the efficacy and safety of canagliflozin, a sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor, in patients with T2DM who live in hot climates. METHODS: This post hoc analysis evaluated patients with T2DM using pooled data from four 26-week, placebo-controlled studies (N=2,313) and data from a 104-week, active-controlled study (add-on to metformin vs glimepiride; N=1,450)...
September 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27422625/research-into-the-effect-of-sglt2-inhibition-on-left-ventricular-remodelling-in-patients-with-heart-failure-and-diabetes-mellitus-reform-trial-rationale-and-design
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jagdeep S S Singh, Amir Fathi, Keeran Vickneson, Ify Mordi, Mohapradeep Mohan, J Graeme Houston, Ewan R Pearson, Allan D Struthers, Chim C Lang
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) and diabetes (DM) are a lethal combination. The current armamentarium of anti-diabetic agents has been shown to be less efficacious and sometimes even harmful in diabetic patients with concomitant cardiovascular disease, especially HF. Sodium glucose linked co-transporter type 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are a new class of anti-diabetic agent that has shown potentially beneficial cardiovascular effects such as pre-load and after load reduction through osmotic diuresis, blood pressure reduction, reduced arterial stiffness and weight loss...
July 15, 2016: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27391020/dapagliflozin-sglt2-inhibitor-attenuates-renal-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#13
Yoon-Kyung Chang, Hyunsu Choi, Jin Young Jeong, Ki-Ryang Na, Kang Wook Lee, Beom Jin Lim, Dae Eun Choi
Dapagliflozin, a new type of drug used to treat diabetes mellitus (DM), is a sodium/glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor. Although some studies showed that SGLT2 inhibition attenuated reactive oxygen generation in diabetic kidney the role of SGLT2 inhibition is unknown. We evaluated whether SLT2 inhibition has renoprotective effects in ischemia-reperfusion (IR) models. We evaluated whether dapagliflozin reduces renal damage in IR mice model. In addition, hypoxic HK2 cells were treated with or without SGLT2 inhibitor to investigate cell survival, the apoptosis signal pathway, and the induction of hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF1) and associated proteins...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27002421/effects-of-canagliflozin-on-body-weight-and-body-composition-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-over-104-weeks
#14
Lawrence Blonde, Kaj Stenlöf, Albert Fung, John Xie, William Canovatchel, Gary Meininger
OBJECTIVES: Canagliflozin, a sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor, has been associated with weight loss in a broad range of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This analysis further evaluated changes in body weight and composition with canagliflozin in two 104-week, Phase 3 studies. METHODS: In Study 1, patients aged 18-80 years (N = 1,450) received canagliflozin 100 or 300 mg or glimepiride as add-on to metformin for a 52-week core treatment period, followed by a 52-week extension period...
May 2016: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26878357/osmotic-diuresis-with-sglt2-inhibition-analysis-of-events-related-to-volume-reduction-in-dapagliflozin-clinical-trials
#15
Kristina Johnsson, Eva Johnsson, Traci A Mansfield, Yshai Yavin, Agata Ptaszynska, Shamik J Parikh
OBJECTIVE: Dapagliflozin reduces hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and lowers blood pressure, at least in part, secondary to mild diuresis consequent to dapagliflozin-induced glucosuria. While blood-pressure lowering may contribute to cardiovascular risk reduction, dapagliflozin-induced diuresis may potentially contribute to adverse events (AEs) of volume reduction. The present analysis compared the frequency of AEs of volume reduction between dapagliflozin and placebo...
May 2016: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26548423/sotagliflozin-as-a-potential-treatment-for-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#16
REVIEW
Bertrand Cariou, Bernard Charbonnel
INTRODUCTION: SGLT1 is the primary transporter responsible for the absorption of glucose and galactose in the intestine, while SGLT2 and SGLT1 are both involved in the renal reabsorption of glucose. SGLT2 inhibitors are a new class of oral antidiabetic drugs, acting by increasing urinary glucose excretion (UGE). They offer the advantages of a reduced risk of hypoglycaemia, a decrease in body weight and blood pressure and an efficacy at all stages of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). AREAS COVERED: Herein, the authors focus specifically on sotagliflozin (LX4211), the first-in-class dual SGLT1/SGLT2 inhibitor...
2015: Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26474563/efficacy-and-safety-of-dapagliflozin-a-sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2-sglt2-inhibitor-in-diabetes-mellitus
#17
REVIEW
Paola Fioretto, Andrea Giaccari, Giorgio Sesti
Although antidiabetic agents have been developed to target one or more of the core defects of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), many patients do not achieve glycemic goals. Inhibition of the sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) induces glycosuria, reduces glucose toxicity and improves insulin sensitivity and β-cell function. As the mechanism of action of SGLT2 inhibitors is different from other agents and completely insulin-independent, the use of these drugs might potentially be efficacious alone or in combination with any other antidiabetic drug, including insulin...
October 17, 2015: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26291462/an-evaluation-of-us-patent-2015065565-a1-for-a-new-class-of-sglt2-inhibitors-for-treatment-1-of-type-ii-diabetes-mellitus
#18
Meiyan Jiang, Peter S Steyger
INTRODUCTION: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a growing and serious global health problem. Pharmacological inhibition of the sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2; SLC5A2) increases urinary glucose excretion, decreasing plasma glucose levels in an insulin-independent manner. Agents that inhibit SGLT2 have recently become available for clinical therapy of T2DM. AREAS COVERED: The patent claims a new class of SGLT2 inhibitors: derivatives of dioxa-bicyclo[3.2.1]octane-2,3,4-triol (including ertugliflozin; PF-04971729)...
2015: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26248893/an-evaluation-of-us-patent-2015065565-a1-for-a-new-class-of-sglt2-inhibitors-for-treatment-1-of-type-ii-diabetes-mellitus
#19
Meiyan Jiang, Peter S Steyger
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a growing and serious global health problem. Pharmacological inhibition of the sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2; SLC5A2) increases urinary glucose excretion, decreasing plasma glucose levels in an insulin-independent manner. Agents that inhibit SGLT2 have recently become available for clinical therapy of T2DM. Areas covered: The patent claims a new class of SGLT2 inhibitors: derivatives of dioxa-bicyclo[3.2.1]octane-2,3,4-triol (including ertugliflozin; PF-04971729). The invention describes the design, synthesis and pharmacological tests related to ertugliflozin, which could ultimately lead to efficacious therapy for T2DM alone or in combination with other anti-diabetic agents...
August 6, 2015: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26105952/intestinal-sodium-glucose-cotransporter-1-inhibition-enhances-glucagon-like-peptide-1-secretion-in-normal-and-diabetic-rodents
#20
Takahiro Oguma, Keiko Nakayama, Chiaki Kuriyama, Yasuaki Matsushita, Kumiko Yoshida, Kumiko Hikida, Naoyuki Obokata, Minoru Tsuda-Tsukimoto, Akira Saito, Kenji Arakawa, Kiichiro Ueta, Masaharu Shiotani
The sodium glucose cotransporter (SGLT) 1 plays a major role in glucose absorption and incretin hormone release in the gastrointestinal tract; however, the impact of SGLT1 inhibition on plasma glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) levels in vivo is controversial. We analyzed the effects of SGLT1 inhibitors on GLP-1 secretion in normoglycemic and hyperglycemic rodents using phloridzin, CGMI [3-(4-cyclopropylphenylmethyl)-1-(β-d-glucopyranosyl)-4-methylindole], and canagliflozin. These compounds are SGLT2 inhibitors with moderate SGLT1 inhibitory activity, and their IC50 values against rat SGLT1 and mouse SGLT1 were 609 and 760 nM for phloridzin, 39...
September 2015: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
keyword
keyword
51934
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"