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Systematic review methodology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691754/the-effect-of-total-hip-arthroplasty-on-sports-and-work-participation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Alexander Hoorntje, Kim Y Janssen, Stefan B T Bolder, Koen L M Koenraadt, Joost G Daams, Leendert Blankevoort, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs, P Paul F M Kuijer
BACKGROUND: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a successful procedure to treat end-stage hip osteoarthritis. The procedure is increasingly performed in adults of working age, who often wish to return to sports (RTS) and return to work (RTW). However, a systematic overview of the evidence on RTS and RTW after THA is lacking. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to systematically review (1) the extent to which patients RTS and RTW after THA, including (2) the time to RTS and RTW...
April 24, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688963/how-to-optimally-fit-a-hearing-aid-for-bimodal-cochlear-implant-users-a-systematic-review
#2
Jantien L Vroegop, André Goedegebure, Marc P van der Schroeff
OBJECTIVES: Bimodal hearing has shown to improve speech recognition in quiet and in noise and to improve sound localization compared with unilateral cochlear implant (CI) use alone. Fitting the CI and hearing aid (HA) separately has been described well, but HA fitting procedures for bimodal CI users are not well researched or widely accepted. The aim of the present study was to systematically review the literature on the effect of different HA fitting strategies on auditory performance in bimodal CI users...
April 20, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688574/reliability-of-real-time-ultrasound-imaging-for-the-assessment-of-trunk-stabilizer-muscles-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#3
REVIEW
Morteza Taghipour, Mohammad Ali Mohseni-Bandpei, Hamid Behtash, Iraj Abdollahi, Fatemeh Rajabzadeh, Mohammad Reza Pourahmadi, Mahnaz Emami
Rehabilitative ultrasound (US) imaging is one of the popular methods for investigating muscle morphologic characteristics and dimensions in recent years. The reliability of this method has been investigated in different studies. As studies have been performed with different designs and quality, reported values of rehabilitative US have a wide range. The objective of this study was to systematically review the literature conducted on the reliability of rehabilitative US imaging for the assessment of deep abdominal and lumbar trunk muscle dimensions...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688573/antidepressants-for-the-treatment-of-people-with-co-occurring-depression-and-alcohol-dependence
#4
REVIEW
Roberta Agabio, Emanuela Trogu, Pier Paolo Pani
BACKGROUND: Alcohol dependence is a major public health problem characterized by recidivism, and medical and psychosocial complications. The co-occurrence of major depression in people entering treatment for alcohol dependence is common, and represents a risk factor for morbidity and mortality, which negatively influences treatment outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and risks of antidepressants for the treatment of people with co-occurring depression and alcohol dependence...
April 24, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688301/right-minithoracotomy-versus-median-sternotomy-for-reoperative-mitral-valve-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#5
Jean H T Daemen, Samuel Heuts, Jules R Olsthoorn, Jos G Maessen, Peyman Sardari Nia
Reoperative mitral valve surgery (MVS) through a median sternotomy (ST-MVS) can be particularly challenging due to dense adhesions and is known to carry a substantial risk of injuries to vascular structures. These injuries occur in 7-9% of cases and are associated with increased mortality rates. A valid alternative that could avoid the risks associated with redo ST-MVS is the right anterolateral minithoracotomy (MT-MVS) approach. The aim of this study was to quantify the effects of MT-MVS compared with those of ST-MVS on morbidity and mortality among patients who underwent prior cardiac surgery through a sternotomy...
April 23, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688080/translation-and-cultural-validation-of-clinical-observational-scales-the-fugl-meyer-assessment-for-post-stroke-sensorimotor-function-in-colombian-spanish
#6
Nubia E Barbosa, Sandra M Forero, Claudia P Galeano, Edgar D Hernández, Nancy S Landinez, Katharina S Sunnerhagen, Margit Alt Murphy
PURPOSE: Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA) is the most widely used and recommended clinical scale for evaluation of sensorimotor impairment post stroke, but an official Spanish version is not available today. This study aimed to establish methodological structure for translation and cultural adaptation process and perform a transcultural validation of the upper and lower extremity FMA to Colombian Spanish. METHODS: Procedures included forward and backward translation, step-wise reviewing by bilingual and professional experts to ensure conceptual and semantic equivalence...
April 24, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686540/economic-evaluation-of-health-promotion-interventions-for-older-people-do-applied-economic-studies-meet-the-methodological-challenges
#7
REVIEW
Kai Huter, Katarzyna Dubas-Jakóbczyk, Ewa Kocot, Katarzyna Kissimova-Skarbek, Heinz Rothgang
Background: In the light of demographic developments health promotion interventions for older people are gaining importance. In addition to methodological challenges arising from the economic evaluation of health promotion interventions in general, there are specific methodological problems for the particular target group of older people. There are especially four main methodological challenges that are discussed in the literature. They concern measurement and valuation of informal caregiving, accounting for productivity costs, effects of unrelated cost in added life years and the inclusion of 'beyond-health' benefits...
2018: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation: C/E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685868/development-of-a-healthy-lifestyle-mobile-app-for-overweight-pregnant-women-qualitative-study
#8
Ying Lau, Ling Jie Cheng, Claudia Chi, Cammy Tsai, Kai Wen Ong, Sarah Su Tin Ho-Lim, Wei Wang, Kian-Lee Tan
BACKGROUND: Mobile apps are becoming an increasingly ubiquitous platform for delivery of health behavior interventions among overweight and obese perinatal women. However, only a few methodological guidelines on integrating theory, evidence, and qualitative research for their designs are available. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop a theory-based, evidence-driven, and user-centered healthy lifestyle app targeting overweight and obese multiethnic pregnant women...
April 23, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685678/prophylactic-mesh-reinforcement-versus-sutured-closure-to-prevent-incisional-hernias-after-open-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair-via-midline-laparotomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Reza Indrakusuma, Hamid Jalalzadeh, Jessica E van der Meij, Ron Balm, Mark J W Koelemay
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Incisional hernia is a frequent late complication after open abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. We aimed to determine whether prophylactic mesh reinforcement of the abdominal wall at open AAA repair via midline laparotomy reduces the rate of incisional hernia compared to standard sutured closure. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was carried out in accordance with the PRISMA statement (PROSPERO registration CRD42017072508)...
April 20, 2018: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685175/general-practitioners-knowledge-attitudes-and-experiences-of-managing-behavioural-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-protocol-of-a-mixed-methods-systematic-review-and-meta-ethnography
#10
Aisling A Jennings, Tony Foley, Kieran A Walsh, Alice Coffey, John P Browne, Colin P Bradley
BACKGROUND: In the context of rising dementia prevalence, the workload of general practitioners (GPs) in dementia care is set to increase. However, there are many aspects of dementia care that GPs find challenging. Behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) affect the majority of people with dementia and is an aspect of dementia care that GPs find particularly difficult to manage. The aim of this mixed methods systematic review is to undertake a synthesis of qualitative and quantitative studies on GPs' knowledge, attitudes and experiences of managing BPSD...
April 23, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685069/the-assessment-and-treatment-of-antipsychotic-induced-akathisia
#11
Tamara Pringsheim, David Gardner, Donald Addington, Davide Martino, Francesca Morgante, Lucia Ricciardi, Norman Poole, Gary Remington, Mark Edwards, Alan Carson, Thomas R E Barnes
Akathisia is a common and distressing neuropsychiatric syndrome associated with antipsychotic medication, characterised by subjective and objective psychomotor restlessness. The goal of this guideline is to provide clinicians with recommendations on the assessment and treatment of akathisia. We performed a systematic review of therapeutic studies assessing the treatment of antipsychotic-induced extrapyramidal symptoms. Forty studies on akathisia and 4 systematic reviews evaluating the adverse effects of antipsychotics were used in the formulation of recommendations...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685058/the-effect-of-open-vs-closed-kinetic-chain-exercises-on-anterior-tibial-laxity-strength-and-function-following-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Alyssa Perriman, Edmund Leahy, Adam Ivan Semciw
Study Design Systematic review with meta-analysis. Background There is controversy surrounding the early use of Open Kinetic Chain (OKC) quadriceps strengthening exercises post anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) due to the belief that increased strain in the graft could cause damage. Objectives To determine if OKC quadriceps exercises result in differences in anterior tibial laxity, strength, function, quality of life or adverse events in the ACLR population, when compared to closed kinetic chain (CKC) quadriceps exercises...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684200/ultrasound-for-assessing-disease-activity-in-ibd-patients-a-systematic-review-of-activity-scores
#13
S Bots, K Nylund, M Löwenberg, K Gecse, O H Gilja, G D'Haens
Background and aims: Ultrasound (US) indices for assessing disease activity in IBD patients have never been critically reviewed. We aimed to systematically review the quality and reliability of available ultrasound (US) indices compared with reference standards for grading disease activity in IBD patients. Methods: Pubmed, Embase and Medline were searched from 1990 until June 2017. Relevant publications were identified through full text review after initial screening by 2 investigators...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684017/dissecting-the-null-model-for-biological-invasions-a-meta-analysis-of-the-propagule-pressure-effect
#14
Phillip Cassey, Steven Delean, Julie L Lockwood, Jason Sadowski, Tim M Blackburn
A consistent determinant of the establishment success of alien species appears to be the number of individuals that are introduced to found a population (propagule pressure), yet variation in the form of this relationship has been largely unexplored. Here, we present the first quantitative systematic review of this form, using Bayesian meta-analytical methods. The relationship between propagule pressure and establishment success has been evaluated for a broad range of taxa and life histories, including invertebrates, herbaceous plants and long-lived trees, and terrestrial and aquatic vertebrates...
April 23, 2018: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683736/helping-nurses-help-pivcs-decision-aids-for-daily-assessment-and-maintenance
#15
Gillian Ray-Barruel, Claire M Rickard
Improving the safety and quality of health care relies on implementing evidence-based findings into every-day clinical practice. Numerous clinical decision aids have been developed to guide nursing care of the patient with a peripheral intravenous catheter (PIVC), including standards, guidelines, decision frameworks, bundles, policies, procedures, algorithms, pathways, checklists and scoring tools. While all are created with the intention of facilitating the delivery of safe, effective nursing care and improving patient outcomes, there are distinct differences in methodology and design between them, and many are based on expert opinion and historical practice rather than high-quality evidence...
April 26, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682533/bilateral-hip-arthroplasty-when-is-it-safe-to-operate-the-second-hip-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Meilyn Muskus, Jorge Rojas, Camilo Gutiérrez, Juan Guio, Guillermo Bonilla, Adolfo Llinás
Introduction: Patients with degenerative hip disease frequently present with bilateral involvement that requires surgical management. The main goal when treating these patients is to achieve the maximum efficiency without increasing risk of perioperative complications; therefore, the decision regarding the best moment to operate the second hip becomes relevant. Although studies have addressed this topic, whether a simultaneous or staged surgery should be performed remains controversial...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682147/acupuncture-or-acupressure-on-yintang-ex-hn-3-for-anxiety-a-preliminary-review
#17
REVIEW
Chan-Young Kwon, Boram Lee
Background: Anxiety is a very common psychiatric symptom and can also occur in many physical conditions. Due to the limitations of conventional pharmacotherapy, the discovery of nonpharmacologic treatments that alleviate anxiety effectively is clinically important. Yintang (EX-HN 3), an acupoint located between the eyebrows, is known to have a mentally stabilizing effect in Traditional Chinese Medicine. Objectives: This preliminary review was conducted to investigate the current state of studies using acupressure or acupuncture on EX-HN 3 alone for anxiety, and to explore ways to apply this in clinical settings and future research, including systematic reviews and clinical trials...
April 1, 2018: Medical Acupuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681978/flavonoids-effects-on-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-murine-models-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Estefanny Ruiz García, Eliana Alviárez Gutierrez, Fabiana Cristina Silveira Alves de Melo, Rômulo Dias Novaes, Reggiani Vilela Gonçalves
The hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the second most common cause of cancer deaths worldwide. It occurs primarily as manifestation of other pathological processes, such as viral hepatitis, cirrhosis, and toxin exposure that affect directly the cellular process. Studies were selected from PubMed and Scopus databases according to the PRISMA statement. The research filters were constructed using three parameters: flavonoids, hepatocellular carcinoma, and animal model. The bias analysis of the 34 selected works was done using the ARRIVE guidelines...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680840/is-arthrocentesis-of-temporomandibular-joint-with-corticosteroids-beneficial-a-systematic-review
#19
A Davoudi, H Khaki, I Mohammadi, M Daneshmand, A Tamizifar, M Bigdelou, F Ansaripoor
BACKGROUND: Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are musculoskeletal conditions that can inhibit the normal function of temporomandibular joints (TMJs) and affect the patient's quality of life, negatively. Arthrocentesis (AC) is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used for treating TMDs. The aim of present paper is to evaluate the advantages of administrating corticosteroid (CS) during AC by reviewing high quality released articles. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Searching on Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Google Scholar, PubMed, ProQuest, and Scopus databases were performed with focusing on proper key words...
April 22, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680814/spect-v-q-for-the-diagnosis-of-pulmonary-embolism-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-diagnostic-accuracy-and-clinical-outcome
#20
Pierre-Yves Le Roux, Philippe Robin, Cécile Tromeur, Alexandra Davis, Helia Robert-Ebadi, Marc Carrier, Francis Couturaud, Grégoire Le Gal, Pierre-Yves Salaun
INTRODUCTION: Single photon emission computed tomography ventilation/perfusion (SPECT V/Q) imaging has many proponents within the nuclear medicine community and has already largely replaced planar V/Q scintigraphy in daily practice for the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism (PE). However, the test is still described in clinical guidelines as an experimental test because of insufficient evidence. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will conduct a systematic review and a meta-analysis of diagnostic accuracy and management outcome studies involving patients evaluated with V/Q SPECT for suspected acute PE...
April 21, 2018: BMJ Open
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