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Systematic review methodology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651185/treatment-of-neurocognitive-symptoms-in-unipolar-depression-a-systematic-review-and-future-perspectives
#1
REVIEW
E Salagre, B Solé, Y Tomioka, B S Fernandes, D Hidalgo-Mazzei, M Garriga, E Jimenez, J Sanchez-Moreno, E Vieta, I Grande
BACKGROUND: Cognitive symptoms in Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) are persistent and commonly entail neurocognitive impairment and a decline in quality of life. This systematic review gathers the current scientific evidence on therapeutic strategies for neuropsychological impairment in MDD. METHOD: A systematic search on PubMed, PsycINFO and Clinicaltrials.gov was carried out on December 2016 according to PRISMA using Boolean terms to identify interventions for the treatment of cognitive dysfunction in MDD...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651098/an-interoceptive-model-of-bulimia-nervosa-a-neurobiological-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Megan Klabunde, Danielle Collado, Cara Bohon
The objective of our study was to examine the neurobiological support for an interoceptive sensory processing model of bulimia nervosa (BN). To do so, we conducted a systematic review of interoceptive sensory processing in BN, using the PRISMA guidelines. We searched PsychInfo, Pubmed, and Web of Knowledge databases to identify biological and behavioral studies that examine interoceptive detection in BN. After screening 390 articles for inclusion and conducting a quality assessment of articles that met inclusion criteria, we reviewed 41 articles...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650981/health-situation-of-migrant-and-minority-nurses-a-systematic-review
#3
Benjamin Schilgen, Albert Nienhaus, Oriana Handtke, Holger Schulz, Mike Mösko
INTRODUCTION: Globally, life expectancy together with multimorbidity and chronic diseases are increasing. This leads to a growing demand for care and hence for healthcare personnel and nurses. To meet this demand, healthcare workers from abroad are increasingly hired. The nurses' workplace in general is characterized by physically and psychologically demanding tasks, while that of migrant and minority nurses is additionally characterized by discriminatory practices. The present knowledge about the health of migrant and minority nurses and the terminology in this context are diverse...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650850/systemic-aminoglycosides-induced-vestibulotoxicity-in-humans
#4
Ruth Van Hecke, Vincent Van Rompaey, Floris L Wuyts, Laura Leyssens, Leen Maes
OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aimed to investigate the prevalence and characteristics of vestibular adverse effects of aminoglycoside (AG) therapy in humans and to analyze objective vestibular tests for the detection of AG-induced vestibulotoxicity. DESIGN: PubMed, Cochrane Database, Web of Science, and reference lists of all included studies were screened by two independent researchers. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines were followed...
June 23, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650692/the-role-of-polyphenols-in-rosacea-treatment-a-systematic-review
#5
Suzana Saric, Ashley K Clark, Raja K Sivamani, Peter A Lio, Hadar A Lev-Tov
OBJECTIVES: Various treatment options are available for the management of rosacea symptoms such as facial erythema, telangiectasia, papules and pustules, burning, stinging, and itching. Botanical therapies are commonly used to treat the symptoms. The objective of this review is to evaluate the use of polyphenols in rosacea treatment. DESIGN: PubMed, Embase, Biosis, Web of Knowledge, and Scopus databases were systematically searched for clinical studies evaluating polyphenols in the management of rosacea...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650061/-effectiveness-of-education-based-on-neuroscience-in-the-treatment-of-musculoskeletal-chronic-pain
#6
J D Cuenda-Gago, L Espejo-Antunez
INTRODUCTION: Chronic pain is one of the most frequent health, economic and social problems. Given this, numerous approaches have been described, one of which is pain neuroscience education. AIM: To examine the effectiveness of pain neuroscience education in the treatment of musculoskeletal disorders with chronic pain and to explore the impact of specific aspects of the technique on its effectiveness. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Relevant studies published between 2000 and 2015 were identified by searching PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science...
July 1, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649904/debiasing-health-related-judgments-and-decision-making-a-systematic-review
#7
Ramona Ludolph, Peter J Schulz
BACKGROUND: Being confronted with uncertainty in the context of health-related judgments and decision making can give rise to the occurrence of systematic biases. These biases may detrimentally affect lay persons and health experts alike. Debiasing aims at mitigating these negative effects by eliminating or reducing the biases. However, little is known about its effectiveness. This study seeks to systematically review the research on health-related debiasing to identify new opportunities and challenges for successful debiasing strategies...
June 1, 2017: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649802/punctal-occlusion-for-dry-eye-syndrome
#8
REVIEW
Ann-Margret Ervin, Andrew Law, Andrew D Pucker
BACKGROUND: Dry eye syndrome is a disorder of the tear film that is associated with symptoms of ocular discomfort. Punctal occlusion is a mechanical treatment that blocks the tear drainage system in order to aid in the preservation of natural tears on the ocular surface. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of punctal plugs versus no punctal plugs, different types of punctal plugs, and other interventions for managing dry eye. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (which contains the Cochrane Eyes and Vision Trials Register) (2016, Issue 11), MEDLINE Ovid (1946 to 8 December 2016), Embase...
June 26, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648951/physical-activity-and-healthy-ageing-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-longitudinal-cohort-studies
#9
REVIEW
C Daskalopoulou, B Stubbs, C Kralj, A Koukounari, M Prince, A M Prina
BACKGROUND: Older people constitute a significant proportion of the total population and their number is projected to increase by more than half by 2050. This increasing probability of late survival comes with considerable individual, economic and social impact. Physical activity (PA) can influence the ageing process but the specific relationship with healthy ageing (HA) is unclear. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal studies examining the associations of PA with HA...
June 22, 2017: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648858/evaluation-of-vancomycin-mic-creep-in-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-infections-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Raquel Diaz, Vera Afreixo, Elmano Ramalheira, Carmen Rodrigues, Bruno Gago
OBJECTIVES: Vancomycin is currently the primary option treatment for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). However, an increasing number of MRSA isolates with high minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs), within the susceptible range (vancomycin MIC creep), are being reported worldwide. Resorting to a meta-analysis approach, this study aims to assess the evidence of vancomycin MIC creep. METHODS: We searched for studies in the Pubmed database. The inclusion criteria for study eligibility included the possibility of retrieving from the reported data values of vancomycin MIC and information concerning the applied MIC methodology...
June 22, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648762/repetitive-deliberate-fires-development-and-validation-of-a-methodology-to-detect-series
#11
Eva Bruenisholz, Olivier Delémont, Olivier Ribaux, Linzi Wilson-Wilde
The detection of repetitive deliberate fire events is challenging and still often ineffective due to a case-by-case approach. A previous study provided a critical review of the situation and analysis of the main challenges. This study suggested that the intelligence process, integrating forensic data, could be a valid framework to provide a follow-up and systematic analysis provided it is adapted to the specificities of repetitive deliberate fires. In this current manuscript, a specific methodology to detect deliberate fires series, i...
June 16, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648554/the-isokinetic-rotator-cuff-strength-ratios-in-overhead-athletes-assessment-and-exercise-effect
#12
REVIEW
Kelly Berckmans, Annelies G Maenhout, Lien Matthijs, Louise Pieters, Birgit Castelein, Ann M Cools
OBJECTIVE: Muscle strength imbalance in the shoulder region can be considered as a predisposing factor in the development of movement dysfunctions, possibly leading to overuse injuries. Repetitive overhead throwing, performed in sports, may result in muscle imbalance between the external (ER) and internal (IR) rotators. Muscle strength measured with an isokinetic device, is reported as a concentric (CON) or eccentric (ECC) force. The balance between an agonist and an antagonist is mentioned as a ratio (CON/CON or ECC/CON)...
March 11, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647718/new-meniscal-tears-after-acl-injury-what-is-the-risk-a-systematic-review-protocol
#13
REVIEW
Guri Ranum Ekås, Clare Ardern, Hege Grindem, Lars Engebretsen
BACKGROUND: Secondary meniscal tears after ACL injuries increase the risk of knee osteoarthritis. The current literature on secondary meniscal injuries after ACL injury is not consistent and may have methodological shortcomings. This protocol describes the methods of a systematic review investigating the rate of secondary meniscal injuries in children and adults after treatment (operative or non-operative) for ACL injury. METHODS: We will search electronic databases (Embase, Ovid Medline, Cochrane, CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature), SPORTDiscus, PEDro and Google Scholar) from database inception...
June 24, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647545/workplace-interventions-to-improve-sitting-posture-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Paul Alan Swinton, Kay Cooper, Elizabeth Hancock
Evaluate the effectiveness of workplace interventions to improve sitting posture of workers that spend long periods of time seated at a visual display terminal. A systematic review of randomised controlled trials, non-randomised controlled trials and single-group intervention trials featuring workplace interventions with pre- and follow-up measurements of sitting posture was conducted (registered in PROSPERO, CRD#42015027648). Nine databases were searched for studies available between January 2005 and February 2016...
June 21, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646914/markerless-motion-capture-systems-as-training-device-in-neurological-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review-of-their-use-application-target-population-and-efficacy
#15
REVIEW
Els Knippenberg, Jonas Verbrugghe, Ilse Lamers, Steven Palmaers, Annick Timmermans, Annemie Spooren
BACKGROUND: Client-centred task-oriented training is important in neurological rehabilitation but is time consuming and costly in clinical practice. The use of technology, especially motion capture systems (MCS) which are low cost and easy to apply in clinical practice, may be used to support this kind of training, but knowledge and evidence of their use for training is scarce. The present review aims to investigate 1) which motion capture systems are used as training devices in neurological rehabilitation, 2) how they are applied, 3) in which target population, 4) what the content of the training and 5) efficacy of training with MCS is...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646732/effects-of-stimulants-and-atomoxetine-on-emotional-lability-in-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
T R Moukhtarian, R E Cooper, E Vassos, P Moran, P Asherson
BACKGROUND: Emotional lability (EL) is an associated feature of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults, contributing to functional impairment. Yet the effect of pharmacological treatments for ADHD on EL symptoms is unknown. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the effects of stimulants and atomoxetine on symptoms of EL and compare these with the effects on core ADHD symptoms. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted on the databases Embase, PsychInfo, and Ovid Medline(®) and the clinicaltrials...
May 25, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645968/development-of-a-meta-algorithm-for-guiding-primary-care-encounters-for-patients-with-multimorbidity-using-evidence-based-and-case-based-guideline-development-methodology
#17
Cathleen Muche-Borowski, Dagmar Lühmann, Ingmar Schäfer, Rebekka Mundt, Hans-Otto Wagner, Martin Scherer
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to develop a comprehensive algorithm (meta-algorithm) for primary care encounters of patients with multimorbidity. We used a novel, case-based and evidence-based procedure to overcome methodological difficulties in guideline development for patients with complex care needs. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic guideline development methodology including systematic evidence retrieval (guideline synopses), expert opinions and informal and formal consensus procedures...
June 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645890/tailored-communication-within-mobile-apps-for-diabetes-self-management-a-systematic-review
#18
Heidi Holmen, Astrid Klopstad Wahl, Milada Cvancarova Småstuen, Lis Ribu
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of diabetes is increasing and with the requirements for self-management and risk of late complications, it remains a challenge for the individual and society. Patients can benefit from support from health care personnel in their self-management, and the traditional communication between patients and health care personnel is changing. Smartphones and apps offer a unique platform for communication, but apps with integrated health care personnel communication based on patient data are yet to be investigated to provide evidence of possible effects...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645686/relationship-between-cardiovascular-disease-and-dental-pathology-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Beatriz González Navarro, Xavier Pintó Sala, Enric Jané Salas
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The relationship between atherothrombotic cardiovascular disease (ATCD) and localised infections in teeth, including caries and chronic apical periodontitis (CAP) has not been studied much and is not well defined. METHOD: A systematic search was performed using the scientific databases PubMed and Medline from 1989 to 2016. RESULTS: A significant relationship was observed with ATCD in 10 out of 10 studies addressing the degree of oral hygiene, in 14 of 17 that included loss of teeth, in 6 of 12 that analysed caries and in 11 of 15 that included CAP...
June 20, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645463/etiologies-of-chronic-cough-in-pediatric-cohorts-chest-guideline-and-expert-panel-report
#20
Anne B Chang, John J Oppenheimer, Miles Weinberger, Cameron C Grant, Bruce K Rubin, Richard S Irwin
BACKGROUND: In children (aged ≤14-years) there is no published systematic review on the etiologies of chronic cough or, the relationship between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and chronic cough. We thus undertook systematic reviews based on key questions (KQs) using the PICO format. The KQs were: Among children with chronic (>4 weeks) cough: (1) are the common etiologies different from adults? (2) are the common etiologies age and/or setting dependent? and; (3) is obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) an etiology of chronic cough in children? METHODS: We used the CHEST expert cough panel's protocol and the American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST) methodological guidelines and GRADE framework...
June 20, 2017: Chest
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