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Systematic review methodology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457645/research-review-test-retest-reliability-of-standardized-diagnostic-interviews-to-assess-child-and-adolescent-psychiatric-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Laura Duncan, Jinette Comeau, Li Wang, Irene Vitoroulis, Michael H Boyle, Kathryn Bennett
BACKGROUND: A better understanding of factors contributing to the observed variability in estimates of test-retest reliability in published studies on standardized diagnostic interviews (SDI) is needed. The objectives of this systematic review and meta-analysis were to estimate the pooled test-retest reliability for parent and youth assessments of seven common disorders, and to examine sources of between-study heterogeneity in reliability. METHODS: Following a systematic review of the literature, multilevel random effects meta-analyses were used to analyse 202 reliability estimates (Cohen's kappa = ҡ) from 31 eligible studies and 5,369 assessments of 3,344 children and youth...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456200/diagnostic-validity-of-methods-for-assessment-of-swallowing-sounds-a-systematic-review
#2
Karinna Veríssimo Meira Taveira, Rosane Sampaio Santos, Bianca Lopes Cavalcante de Leão, José Stechman Neto, Leandro Pernambuco, Letícia Korb da Silva, Graziela De Luca Canto, André Luís Porporatti
INTRODUCTION: Oropharyngeal dysphagia is a highly prevalent comorbidity in neurological patients and presents a serious health threat, which may lead to outcomes of aspiration pneumonia, ranging from hospitalization to death. This assessment proposes a non-invasive, acoustic-based method to differentiate between individuals with and without signals of penetration and aspiration. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review evaluated the diagnostic validity of different methods for assessment of swallowing sounds, when compared to Videofluroscopic of Swallowing Study (VFSS) to detect oropharyngeal dysphagia...
February 3, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456099/time-to-start-putting-down-the-knife-a-systematic-review-of-burns-excision-tools-of-randomised-and-non-randomised-trials
#3
REVIEW
Sarah-Jayne Edmondson, Irfan Ali Jumabhoy, Alexandra Murray
AIMS: Dermal preservation during acute burn excision is key to obtaining superior healing/scar outcomes, however, determining the most appropriate excision tool is an ongoing challenge. Novel tool development means the knife is no longer our only option, yet for the majority it remains the gold standard. This systematic review aims to evaluate evidence for burns excision approaches (knife/hydrosurgery/enzymatic). METHODS: CENTRAL, EMBASE, MEDLINE (1946-2017) were searched with MeSH terms: 'debridement', 'burns', 'sharp', 'enzymatic', 'hydrosurgery'...
February 15, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455695/the-empirical-support-for-mindfulness-based-interventions-for-common-psychiatric-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Maria Hedman-Lagerlöf, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf, Lars-Göran Öst
Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have become widely used for common mental disorders (CMDs) but the state of the evidence has not been sufficiently investigated. The aims for this study were: (1) to quantify the effect size of MBIs for CMDs in the acute phase; (2) to explore moderator variables; and (3) to evaluate the evidence status of MBIs for the CMDs it has been tried for. A comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were conducted. RCTs that evaluated MBI and included patients with a primary manifest CMD was included...
February 19, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455250/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prevalence-of-sarcopenia-in-post-acute-inpatient-rehabilitation
#5
REVIEW
I Churilov, L Churilov, R J MacIsaac, E I Ekinci
Sarcopenia is associated with poor function and increased risk of falls and disability. This work reports a systematic review and meta-analysis of prevalence of sarcopenia in post acute inpatient rehabilitation. Sarcopenia is found to be present in approximately 50% of rehabilitation patients and its prevalence may vary with admission diagnosis. PURPOSE: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of reported prevalence of sarcopenia in post acute inpatient rehabilitation. METHODS: Systematic review conducted according to PRISMA guidelines (PROSPERO registration number CRD42016054135)...
February 18, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454322/using-ehealth-to-engage-and-retain-priority-populations-in-the-hiv-treatment-and-care-cascade-in-the-asia-pacific-region-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#6
Julianita Purnomo, Katherine Coote, Limin Mao, Ling Fan, Julian Gold, Raghib Ahmad, Lei Zhang
BACKGROUND: The exponential growth in the reach and development of new technologies over the past decade means that mobile technologies and social media play an increasingly important role in service delivery models to maximise HIV testing and access to treatment and care. This systematic review examines the impact of electronic and mobile technologies in medical care (eHealth) in the linkage to and retention of priority populations in the HIV treatment and care cascade, focussing on the Asia-Pacific region...
February 17, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454279/bonding-of-composite-cements-to-zirconia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-in-vitro-studies
#7
REVIEW
Putsadeeporn Thammajaruk, Masanao Inokoshi, Shanley Chong, Massimiliano Guazzato
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature and statistically analyze bond strength data to identify the influence that composite cements, type of test methodology, chemical and mechanical pre-treatments have on the bond strength of composite cements to zirconia in three different artificial aging conditions. METHODS: The literature was electronically searched in MEDLINE, PUBMED, EMBASE, and SCOPUS to select relevant articles that evaluated the bond strength between zirconia and composite cements...
February 8, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454163/exacerbations-in-adults-with-asthma-a-systematic-review-and-external-validation-of-prediction-models
#8
Rik Jb Loymans, Thomas Pa Debray, Persijn J Honkoop, Evelien H Termeer, Jiska B Snoeck-Stroband, Tjard Rj Schermer, Willem Jj Assendelft, Merel Timp, Kian Fan Chung, Ana R Sousa, Jaap K Sont, Peter J Sterk, Helen K Reddel, Gerben Ter Riet
BACKGROUND: Several prediction models assessing future risk of exacerbations in adult patients with asthma have been published. Applicability of these models is uncertain because their predictive performance has often not been assessed beyond the population in which they were derived. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify and critically appraise prediction models for asthma exacerbations and validate them in two clinically distinct populations. METHODS: PubMed and EMBASE were searched to April 2017 for reports describing adult asthma populations in which multivariable models were constructed to predict exacerbations during any time frame...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453925/impact-of-opioid-therapy-on-gonadal-hormones-focus-on-buprenorphine
#9
REVIEW
Anjali Varma, Mamta Sapra, Ali Iranmanesh
Objective The USA is in the midst of an opioid crisis. Understanding the impact of opioids and commonly used treatments for opioid dependence is essential for clinicians and researchers in order to educate and treat the nation's growing population with opioid use disorders. As a relatively new treatment for opioid dependence, buprenorphine is gaining popularity to the extent of becoming not only a preferred approach to the maintenance of opiate addiction, but also an option for chronic pain management. The purpose of this report is to review the available evidence on the endocrine effects of buprenorphine, particularly as it relates to the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis, which is controversial and not fully defined...
February 17, 2018: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452606/correction-to-integrating-multiple-data-sources-muds-for-meta-analysis-to-improve-patient-centered-outcomes-research-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#10
Evan Mayo-Wilson, Susan Hutfless, Tianjing Li, Gillian Gresham, Nicole Fusco, Jeffrey Ehmsen, James Heyward, Swaroop Vedula, Diana Lock, Jennifer Haythornthwaite, Jennifer L Payne, Theresa Cowley, Elizabeth Tolbert, Lori Rosman, Claire Twose, Elizabeth A Stuart, Hwanhee Hong, Peter Doshi, Catalina Suarez-Cuervo, Sonal Singh, Kay Dickersin
The correct title of the article [1] should be "Integrating multiple data sources (MUDS) for meta-analysis to improve patient-centered outcomes research: a protocol". The article is a protocol for a methodological study, not a systematic review.
February 16, 2018: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452579/reliability-of-diagnosis-and-clinical-efficacy-of-visceral-osteopathy-a-systematic-review
#11
Albin Guillaud, Nelly Darbois, Richard Monvoisin, Nicolas Pinsault
BACKGROUND: In 2010, the World Health Organization published benchmarks for training in osteopathy in which osteopathic visceral techniques are included. The purpose of this study was to identify and critically appraise the scientific literature concerning the reliability of diagnosis and the clinical efficacy of techniques used in visceral osteopathy. METHODS: Databases MEDLINE, OSTMED.DR, the Cochrane Library, Osteopathic Research Web, Google Scholar, Journal of American Osteopathic Association (JAOA) website, International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine (IJOM) website, and the catalog of Académie d'ostéopathie de France website were searched through December 2017...
February 17, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452425/clinical-evidence-on-dietary-supplementation-with-chia-seed-salvia-hispanica-l-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Siew Li Teoh, Nai Ming Lai, Possatorn Vanichkulpitak, Vladimir Vuksan, Hoang Ho, Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk
Context: Chia seed is a popular dietary supplement, taken mainly for its high content of alpha-linolenic acid, vegetable protein, and dietary fiber, yet information about its clinical effects is lacking. Objective: This review aims to summarize the clinical evidence regarding the use of chia seed for a wide variety of health conditions. Data Sources: A number of databases, including PubMed and Embase, were searched systematically. Study Selection: Randomized controlled trials that assessed the clinical effects of chia seed consumption in human participants were included...
February 14, 2018: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452361/iui-review-and-systematic-assessment-of-the-evidence-that-supports-global-recommendations
#13
Ben Cohlen, Aartjan Bijkerk, Sheryl Van der Poel, Willem Ombelet
BACKGROUND: IUI with or without ovarian stimulation (OS) has become a first-line treatment option for many infertile couples, worldwide. The appropriate treatment modality for couples and their clinical management through IUI or IUI/OS cycles must consider maternal and perinatal outcomes, most notably the clinical complication of higher-order multiple pregnancies associated with IUI-OS. With a current global emphasis to continue to decrease maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity, the World Health Organization (WHO) had established a multi-year project to review the evidence for the establishment of normative guidance for the implementation of IUI as a treatment to address fertility problems, and to consider its cost-effectiveness for lower resource settings...
February 14, 2018: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451921/the-effectiveness-of-non-surgical-intervention-foot-orthoses-for-paediatric-flexible-pes-planus-a-systematic-review-update
#14
Sindhrani Dars, Hayley Uden, Helen A Banwell, Saravana Kumar
BACKGROUND: Flexible pes planus (flat feet) in children is a common presenting condition in clinical practice due to concerns amongst parents and caregivers. While Foot Orthoses (FOs) are a popular intervention, their effectiveness remains unclear. Thus, the aim of this systematic review was to update the current evidence base for the effectiveness of FOs for paediatric flexible pes planus. METHODS: A systematic search of electronic databases (Cochrane, Medline, AMED, EMBASE, CINHAL, SportDiscus, Scopus and PEDro) was conducted from January 2011 to July 2017...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450813/memory-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-epilepsy-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Samantha Joplin, Elizabeth Stewart, Michael Gascoigne, Suncica Lah
Memory failure is a common clinical concern of patients with epilepsy and is associated with significant functional impairments. Thus, memory rehabilitation is of critical clinical importance. In this article, we aimed to systematically evaluate the efficacy of memory rehabilitation in patients with epilepsy. The Preferred Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) was used to guide searches, extraction and reporting of data in this review. PsycINFO, Medline and PsychBITE searches yielded 95 studies...
February 15, 2018: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450780/systematic-reviews-and-meta-analysis-in-rhinosinusitis-a-critical-review-of-the-reviews
#16
REVIEW
Abigail Walker, Claire Hopkins
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There has been an explosion in the number of published systematic reviews on chronic rhinosinusitis in the last decade. RECENT FINDINGS: While the aim of these reviews in facilitating evidence-based practice is laudable, poor quality reviews may contain significant bias that can mislead a non-discerning reader. Attention therefore must be given to review methodology before implanting findings. Organisations such as the Cochrane Collaboration promote high-quality reviews, but are limited in chronic sinus disease by heterogeneous outcomes and a paucity of randomised trials...
February 16, 2018: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450764/impact-of-well-being-interventions-for-siblings-of-children-and-young-people-with-a-chronic-physical-or-mental-health-condition-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Mhairi McKenzie Smith, Snehal Pinto Pereira, Lynette Chan, Charlotte Rose, Roz Shafran
Siblings of children and young people with a chronic illness are at increased risk of poor psychological functioning. A number of studies have attempted to implement and evaluate interventions targeting the psychological well-being of this at-risk group. This systematic review summarises the evidence regarding psychological functioning of siblings following an intervention targeting their well-being. The meta-analysis considered behaviour and knowledge, two of the most frequently studied outcomes. The following databases were used: PsycINFO, EMBASE, CINAHL, PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449945/psychosocial-factors-associated-with-change-in-pain-and-disability-outcomes-in-chronic-low-back-pain-patients-treated-by-physiotherapist-a-systematic-review
#18
Ahmed Alhowimel, Mazyad AlOtaibi, Kathryn Radford, Neil Coulson
Background: Almost 80% of people have low back pain at least once in their life. Clinical guidelines emphasize the use of conservative physiotherapy and the importance of staying active. While the psychological factors predicting poor recovery following surgical intervention are understood, the psychosocial factors associated with poor outcomes following physiotherapy have yet to be identified. Methods: Electronic searches of PubMed, Medline, CINAHL, PsycINFO and EBSCO were conducted using terms relating to psychosocial factors, chronic low back pain, disability and physiotherapy...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448953/clinical-prevalence-of-lewy-body-dementia
#19
Joseph P M Kane, Ajenthan Surendranathan, Allison Bentley, Sally A H Barker, John-Paul Taylor, Alan J Thomas, Louise M Allan, Richard J McNally, Peter W James, Ian G McKeith, David J Burn, John T O'Brien
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and dementia in Parkinson's disease (PDD) in routine clinical practice is unclear. Prevalence rates observed in clinical and population-based cohorts and neuropathological studies vary greatly. Small sample sizes and methodological factors in these studies limit generalisability to clinical practice. METHODS: We investigated prevalence in a case series across nine secondary care services over an 18-month period, to determine how commonly DLB and PDD cases are diagnosed and reviewed within two regions of the UK...
February 15, 2018: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448834/single-occupancy-patient-rooms-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-since-2006
#20
Ellen Taylor, Alan J Card, Melissa Piatkowski
AIM: Our review evaluated both the effects of single-occupancy patient rooms (SPRs) on patient outcomes for hospitalized adults and user opinion related to SPRs. BACKGROUND: In 2006, a requirement for SPRs in hospitals was instituted in the United States. This systematic literature review evaluates research published since that time to evaluate the impact of SPRs. METHODS: The review adheres to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement...
January 1, 2018: HERD
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