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Osa and epithelial injury

John S Kim, Anna J Podolanczuk, Priya Borker, Steven M Kawut, Ganesh Raghu, Joel D Kaufman, Karen D Hinckley Stukovsky, Eric A Hoffman, R Graham Barr, Daniel J Gottlieb, Susan S Redline, David J Lederer
RATIONALE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been postulated to contribute to idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis by promoting alveolar epithelial injury via tractional forces and intermittent hypoxia. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether OSA is associated with subclinical interstitial lung disease (ILD) and with biomarkers of alveolar epithelial injury and remodeling. METHODS: We performed cross-sectional analyses of 1,690 community-dwelling adults who underwent 15-channel in-home polysomnography and thoracic computed tomographic imaging in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis...
December 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Theodora Tsapikouni, Elena Garreta, Esther Melo, Daniel Navajas, Ramon Farré
High frequency intermittent hypoxia is one of the most relevant injurious stimuli experienced by patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Given that the conventional setting for culturing cells under intermittent hypoxia conditions is limited by long equilibration times, we designed a simple bioreactor capable of effectively subjecting cultured cells to controlled high-frequency hypoxic/normoxic stimuli. The bioreactor's operation is based on exposing cells to a medium that is bubbled with the appropriate mixture of gases into two separate containers, and from there it is directed to the cell culture dish with the aid of two bidirectional peristaltic pumps...
June 15, 2012: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
John A D'Elia, Bijan Roshan, Manish Maski, Larry A Weinrauch
Albuminuria in individuals whose body mass index exceeds 40 kg/m(2) is associated with the presence of large glomeruli, thickened basement membrane and epithelial cellular (podocyte) distortion. Obstructive sleep apnea magnifies glomerular injury as well, probably through a vasoconstrictive mechanism. Insulin resistance from excess fatty acids is exacerbated by decreased secretion of high molecular weight adiponectin from adipose cells in the obese state. Adiponectin potentiates insulin in its post-receptor signaling resulting in glucose oxidation in mitochondria...
2009: International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease
N Nandwani, R Caranza, C D Hanning
Upper airway reactivity was measured in 13 patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), using transient reflex laryngeal closure in response to dilute inhaled ammonia vapour. Upper airway reactivity was measured before and after 3 months of treatment with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). Upper airway reactivity decreased significantly after treatment with nasal CPAP to values which were similar to those seen in normal subjects. We hypothesise that patients with OSA have increased upper airway reactivity, secondary to inflammation of the epithelial lining of the upper airway following the repeated injury of nocturnal airway obstruction, allowing the facilitated passage of inhaled irritants to the subepithelial receptors...
June 1998: Journal of Sleep Research
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