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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161789/current-status-of-thyroid-fine-needle-aspiration-practice-in-thailand
#1
REVIEW
Somboon Keelawat, Samreung Rangdaeng, Supinda Koonmee, Tikamporn Jitpasutham, Andrey Bychkov
Thyroid carcinoma is one of the leading malignancies in Thailand increasingly prevalent in the female population. Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) cytology is a widely used diagnostic tool for evaluation of thyroid nodules and thyroid cancer. Thyroid FNA is a routine procedure universally performed in Thai hospitals by a variety of clinical specialists. Manual guidance is the first-line choice complemented by ultrasound assistance in selected cases. Despite national guidelines recommendations, the diagnostic criteria and terminology of the Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology (TBSRTC) was slowly adopted in the local settings...
November 2017: Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160436/use-of-injected-heroin-and-risk-of-hepatitis-c-in-three-cities-in-colombia
#2
Dedsy Yajaira Berbesi-Fernández, Angela Maria Segura-Cardona, Liliana Patricia Montoya-Velez, Alexandra Ángel Santamaría
INTRODUCTION: Hepatitis C is one of the most neglected diseases by governments internationally. OBJECTIVE: Identify the prevalence of hepatitis C and associated injection drug users in three cities of factors Colombia. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 668 injecting drug users recruited through respondent-driven sampling, inquired about demographic characteristics and risk behaviors. Laboratory testing was used on filter paper and cases of hepatitis C viral load tests with RNA were confirmed...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160197/isolation-and-molecular-characterization-of-group-b-streptococcus-from-laboratory-long-evans-rats-rattus-norvegicus-with-and-without-invasive-group-b-streptococcal-disease
#3
Caroline Bodi Winn, Vasudevan Bakthavatchalu, Michael Y Esmail, Yan Feng, JoAnn Dzink-Fox, Lauren Richey, Scott E Perkins, Eric K Nordberg, James G Fox
PURPOSE: Group B Streptococcus (S. agalactiae, GBS) is a Gram-positive opportunistic pathogen that inhabits the respiratory, urogenital and gastrointestinal tracts of humans and animals. Maternal colonization of GBS is a risk factor for a spectrum of clinical diseases in humans and a principle cause of neonatal meningitis and septicaemia. METHODOLOGY: We describe polymicrobial sepsis including GBS in two gravid adult female Long-Evans rats experiencing acute mortality from a colony of long-term breeding pairs...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160186/the-impact-of-urban-gardens-on-adequate-and-healthy-food-a-systematic-review
#4
Mariana T Garcia, Silvana M Ribeiro, Ana Claudia Camargo Gonçalves Germani, Cláudia M Bógus
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impacts on food and nutrition-related outcomes resulting from participation in urban gardens, especially on healthy food practices, healthy food access, and healthy food beliefs, knowledge and attitudes. DESIGN: The systematic review identified studies by searching the PubMed, ERIC, LILACS, Web of Science and Embase databases. An assessment of quality and bias risk of the studies was carried out and a narrative summary was produced. SETTING: Studies published as original articles in peer-reviewed scientific journals in English, Spanish or Portuguese between 2005 and 2015 were included...
November 21, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159789/heart-failure-and-kidney-disease
#5
Dario Grande, Margherita Ilaria Gioia, Paola Terlizzese, Massimo Iacoviello
Kidney disease is commonly found in heart failure (HF) patients. They share many risk factors and common pathophysiological pathways which often lead to mutual dysfunction. Both haemodynamic and non-haemodynamic mechanisms are involved in the development of renal impairment in heart failure patients. Moreover, the presence of a chronic kidney disease is a significant independent predictor of worse outcome in chronic as well as in acute decompensated HF. As a consequence, an accurate evaluation of renal function plays a key role in the management of HF patients...
November 21, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159482/characterizing-the-breadth-and-depth-of-volunteer-water-monitoring-programs-in-the-united-states
#6
Kristine F Stepenuck, Kenneth D Genskow
A survey of 345 volunteer water monitoring programs in the United States was conducted to document their characteristics, and perceived level of support for data to inform natural resource management or policy decisions. The response rate of 86% provided information from 46 states. Programs represented a range of ages, budgets, objectives, scopes, and level of quality assurance, which influenced data uses and perceived support by sponsoring agency administrators and external decision makers. Most programs focused on rivers, streams, and lakes...
November 20, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159264/the-effects-of-apolipoprotein-e-genotype-%C3%AE-synuclein-deficiency-and-sex-on-brain-synaptic-and-alzheimer-s-disease-related-pathology
#7
Roni Bar, Anat Boehm-Cagan, Ishai Luz, Yarden Kleper-Wall, Daniel M Michaelson
Introduction: Alzheimer's disease (AD) and synucleinopathies share common pathological mechanisms. Apolipoprotein E4 (apoE4), the most prevalent genetic risk factor for AD, also increases the risk for dementia in pure synucleinopathies. We presently examined the effects of α-synuclein deficiency (α-syn-/-) and sex on apoE4-driven pathologies. Methods: AD-related, synaptic, and vascular markers were analyzed in female and male α-syn-/- and α-syn+/+ apoE4, apoE3, and apoE3/E4 mice...
2018: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158990/increased-risk-of-periodontitis-in-patients-with-psoriatic-disease-a-nationwide-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study
#8
Ni-Yu Su, Jing-Yang Huang, Chien-Jen Hu, Hui-Chieh Yu, Yu-Chao Chang
Aims: Periodontitis and psoriatic disease, including psoriasis (PS) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA), share the common risk factors and co-morbidities. However, the risk of periodontitis in patients with psoriatic disease still needs further investigation. This study was a nationwide population-based retrospective cohort study assessing the risk of periodontitis from psoriatic disease exposure. Materials and Methods: Patients with newly diagnosed psoriatic disease from 2003 to 2012 were identified from the Taiwanese National Health Insurance Research Database...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158582/the-camp-responsive-element-binding-creb-1-gene-increases-risk-of-major-psychiatric-disorders
#9
X Xiao, C Zhang, M Grigoroiu-Serbanescu, L Wang, L Li, D Zhou, T-F Yuan, C Wang, H Chang, Y Wu, Y Li, D-D Wu, Y-G Yao, M Li
Bipolar disorder (BPD), schizophrenia (SCZ) and unipolar major depressive disorder (MDD) are primary psychiatric disorders sharing substantial genetic risk factors. We previously reported that two single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs2709370 and rs6785 in the cAMP responsive element-binding (CREB)-1 gene (CREB1) were associated with the risk of BPD and abnormal hippocampal function in populations of European ancestry. In the present study, we further expanded our analyses of rs2709370 and rs6785 in multiple BPD, SCZ and MDD data sets, including the published Psychiatric Genomics Consortium (PGC) genome-wide association study, the samples used in our previous CREB1 study, and six additional cohorts (three new BPD samples, two new SCZ samples and one new MDD sample)...
November 21, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157996/longitudinal-interactions-between-brain-and-cognitive-measures-on-reading-development-from-6-months-to-14-years
#10
Kaisa Lohvansuu, Jarmo A Hämäläinen, Leena Ervast, Heikki Lyytinen, Paavo H T Leppänen
Dyslexia is a neurobiological disorder impairing learning to read. Brain responses of infants at genetic risk for dyslexia are abnormal already at birth, and associations from infant speech perception to preschool cognitive skills and reading in early school years have been documented, but there are no studies showing predicting power until adolescence. Here we show that in at-risk infants, brain activation to pseudowords at left hemisphere predicts 44% of reading speed at 14 years, and even improves the prediction after taking into account neurocognitive preschool measures of letter naming, phonology, and verbal short-term memory...
November 17, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157017/comprehensive-assessment-of-shockwave-intensity-transcriptomic-biomarker-discovery-for-primary-blast-induced-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-using-the-mammalian-hair-follicle
#11
Jing Zhang, Rosalinda Knight, Yushan Wang, Thomas W Sawyer, Christopher J Martyniuk, Valerie S Langlois
OBJECTIVE: Primary blast-induced mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is an injury experienced during modern warfare due to exposure to the pressure waves produced by the detonation of explosives. With virtually no apparent physical damage or symptoms presented, there is a need for more objective and accessible mTBI biomarkers posing minimal invasiveness risk. METHODS: We measured the transcriptomic sensitivity of the hair follicles in relation to the severity of primary blast-derived TBI...
November 20, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155753/using-retinal-imaging-to-study-dementia
#12
Victor T T Chan, Tiffany H K Tso, Fangyao Tang, Clement Tham, Vincent Mok, Christopher Chen, Tien Y Wong, Carol Y Cheung
The retina offers a unique "window" to study pathophysiological processes of dementia in the brain, as it is an extension of the central nervous system (CNS) and shares prominent similarities with the brain in terms of embryological origin, anatomical features and physiological properties.  The vascular and neuronal structure in the retina can now be visualized easily and non-invasively using retinal imaging techniques, including fundus photography and optical coherence tomography (OCT), and quantified semi-automatically using computer-assisted analysis programs...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155338/financial-toxicity-in-bladder-cancer-patients-reasons-for-delay-in-care-and-effect-on-quality-of-life
#13
Marianne M Casilla-Lennon, Seul Ki Choi, Allison M Deal, Jeannette T Bensen, Gopal Narang, Pauline Filippou, Benjamin McCormick, Raj Pruthi, Eric Wallen, Hung-Jui Tan, Michael Woods, Matthew Nielsen, Angela Smith
PURPOSE: Costly surveillance and treatment of bladder cancer can lead to financial toxicity (FT), a treatment-related financial burden. Our objective was to define the prevalence of FT among bladder cancer patients and identify delays in care and its effect on health-related quality of life (HRQOL). METHODS: We identified bladder cancer patients in the UNC Health Registry/Cancer Survivorship Cohort. FT was defined as agreement with having "to pay more for medical care than you can afford...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155020/the-uk-dcd-risk-score-a-new-proposal-to-define-futility-in-donation-after-circulatory-death-liver-transplantation
#14
Andrea Schlegel, Marit Kalisvaart, Irene Scalera, Richard W Laing, Hynek Mergental, Darius F Mirza, Thamara Perera, John Isaac, Philipp Dutkowski, Paolo Muiesan
OBJECTIVES: To design a new score on risk assessment in liver transplantation donated after circulatory death (DCD) based on donor and recipient parameters. BACKGROUND: Primary-non-function (PNF) and ischemic cholangiopathy (IC) are the most feared complications following DCD liver transplantation. METHODS: Using the United Kingdom (UK) national DCD database, a risk analysis was performed in adult recipients of DCD liver grafts in UK between 2000 and 2015 (n=1153)...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154968/non-traumatic-osteonecrosis-of-the-femoral-head-is-associated-with-low-bone-mass
#15
Valérie Gangji, Muhammad S Soyfoo, Audrey Heuschling, Violaine Afzali, Rodrigo Moreno-Reyes, Joanne Rasschaert, Céline Gillet, Jean-Francois Fils, Jean-Philippe Hauzeur
OBJECTIVE: Osteoporosis (OP) and osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) share common clinical and pathophysiological features we sought to determine whether ONFH was associated with an increased prevalence of OP and whether the increased prevalence of OP was related to the stage of ONFH at diagnosis. METHODS: We included 243 patients with ONFH and 399 age and sex-matched healthy controls. Data was gathered including demography, risk factors, ARCO staging of ONFH and bone mineral density (BMD)...
November 14, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153004/assisted-reproductive-technology-has-no-association-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-the-taiwan-birth-cohort-study
#16
For-Wey Lung, Tung-Liang Chiang, Shio-Jean Lin, Meng-Chih Lee, Bih-Ching Shu
The use of assisted reproduction technology has increased over the last two decades. Autism spectrum disorders and assisted reproduction technology share many risk factors. However, previous studies on the association between autism spectrum disorders and assisted reproduction technology have shown inconsistent results. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between assisted reproduction technology and autism spectrum disorder diagnosis in a national birth cohort database. Furthermore, the results from the assisted reproduction technology and autism spectrum disorder propensity score matching exact matched datasets were compared...
March 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151820/name-it-store-it-protect-it-a-systems-approach-to-managing-data-in-research-core-facilities
#17
REVIEW
Matthew DeVries, Michael Fenchel, R E Fogarty, Byong-Do Kim, Daniel Timmons, A Nicole White
As the capabilities of technology increase, so do the production of data and the need for data management. The need for data storage at many academic institutions is increasing exponentially. Technology is expanding rapidly, and institutions are recognizing the need to incorporate data management that can be available for future data sharing as a critical component of institutional services. The establishment of a process to manage the surge in data storage is complex and often hindered by not having a plan...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Biomolecular Techniques: JBT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151333/isolated-sphenoid-sinus-pathologies-a-series-of-40-cases
#18
Fakih Cihat Eravcı, Alper Ceylan, Mehmet Göcek, Fikret İlerı, Süleyman Sabri Uslu, Metin Yılmaz, Yusuf Kızıl
Background/aim: Isolated sphenoid sinus-derived lesions are rare and generally present with unclear symptoms. We are sharing our experience to be mindful of such lesions in differential diagnosis and to help accomplish successful treatment while avoiding revisions and complications.Materials and methods: Data from patients who underwent isolated sphenoid sinus surgeries (ISSs) were retrospectively extracted from the period of January 2005 to August 2015. Demographic data, chief complaints and presenting symptoms, imaging findings, surgical management, and results were evaluated...
November 13, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151090/de-cl%C3%A3-rambault-syndrome-othello-syndrome-folie-%C3%A3-deux-and-variants
#19
Montserrat G Delgado, Julien Bogousslavsky
Non-bizarre delusion, defined as a false belief possible although highly unlikely, is the main manifestation of delusional disorders, previously known as paranoia. Based on the predominant delusional themes, 5 main subtypes may be described - erotomanic, grandiose, jealous, persecutory, and somatic. We present here 2 main delusional disorders, the De Clérambault syndrome and the Othello syndrome, and another closely related to the previous ones - Folie à deux. In the De Clérambault syndrome, the main delusional theme is erotomanic type, related to passional delirium where the patient has strong sexual feelings towards another person and has the belief that this other person is deeply in love with him or her...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150900/genetic-overlap-between-epilepsy-and-schizophrenia-evidence-from-cross-phenotype-analysis-in-hong-kong-chinese-population
#20
Hongsheng Gui, Miaoxin Li, Pak C Sham, Larry Baum, Patrick Kwan, Stacey S Cherny
Epilepsy and schizophrenia are common and typical neurological or mental illness respectively, and sometimes they comorbid in the same patients, however the underlying genetic relationship between the two brain diseases is still not fully understood. To investigate the possible genetic contribution to their comorbidity, we performed polygenic risk score (PRS) analyses and genetic correlation estimation so as to identify the overall genetic overlap between the two diseases. The global schizophrenia PRS is strongly associated with schizophrenia phenotype in Hong Kong population (odds ratio = 1...
November 17, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
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