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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226304/successful-medical-management-of-pseudomembranous-cystitis-in-three-cats-with-lower-urinary-tract-obstruction
#1
A Vila, R Movilla, J Castro, C Mallol, R Novellas, Y Espada, X Roura
CASE REPORT: The present case series describes the clinical course and outcome of three cats diagnosed with pseudomembranous cystitis. This is an uncommon presentation of lower urinary tract obstruction but can be easily be identified by ultrasonography, revealing severe bladder wall thickening and thin hyperechoic luminal strips. The condition can be secondary to severe bacterial urinary tract infection. All cats were successfully treated with medical management only, mainly based on antimicrobials and individualised supportive therapy...
December 10, 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198679/treatment-of-a-pediatric-case-of-severe-hemorrhagic-cystitis-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#2
L Yang, Y Zha, J Feng, H Dong, C Zong, X Lei, N Liang, X Wang, G Gao, X Bai
Hemorrhagic cystitis is one of the complications of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Treatment of hemorrhagic cystitis is difficult, especially in pediatric patients. A pediatric case of severe hemorrhagic cystitis after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation was treated in our hospital with arterial embolization combined with corticosteroid therapy because the conventional therapy was invalid for him. After the treatment, hemorrhagic cystitis was cured. During follow-up, the patient was in stable condition, with normal urine, blood cells returned to normal, bone marrow was in complete remission state, and disease-free survival for more than 8 months...
December 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169704/cumulative-incidence-and-predictive-factors-of-radiation-cystitis-in-patients-with-localized-prostate-cancer
#3
D Afonso-João, L Pacheco-Figueiredo, T Antunes-Lopes, L A Morgado, V Azevedo, L Vendeira, J Silva, C Martins-Silva
PURPOSE: To determine the cumulative incidence of overall and severe radiation cystitis in a high volume cohort of patients and to investigate its potential predictive factors. METHODS: We have performed a retrospective analysis of clinical data from patients diagnosed with localized prostate cancer and treated with radiotherapy at our institution (June 2005-January 2013), and quantified the cumulative incidence of radiation cystitis. Cox regression analysis and Kaplan-Meier curves were computed to evaluate the determinants of radiation cystitis...
November 20, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132932/apoptotic-effect-as-biomarker-of-disease-severity-and-follow-up-in-interstitial-cystitis
#4
C Di Capua-Sacoto, A Sanchez-Llopis, J E Oconnor, A Martinez-Romero, J L Ruiz-Cerdá
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the apoptotic effect test could serve as a biomarker of severity in bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted between January 2010 and January 2015, which included 57 patients diagnosed with interstitial cystitis and 49 diagnosed with chronic pelvic pain of gynaecological origin. The urine was exposed to cell cultures, and the urine's capacity for inducing apoptosis in the cultures was analysed...
November 10, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118019/acyloxyacyl-hydrolase-modulates-pelvic-pain-severity
#5
Wenbin Yang, Ryan E Yaggie, Mingchen C Jiang, Charles N Rudick, Joseph D Done, Charles J Heckman, John M Rosen, Anthony J Schaeffer, David J Klumpp
Chronic pelvic pain causes significant patient morbidity and is a bane to clinicians. Using a murine neurogenic cystitis model that recapitulates key aspects of interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC), we recently showed that pseudorabies virus (PRV) induces severe pelvic allodynia in BALB/c mice, relative to C57BL/6 mice. Here, we report that a quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis of PRV-induced allodynia in F2CxB progeny identified a polymorphism on chromosome 13, rs6314295, significantly associated with allodynia (LOD=3...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101714/changes-in-healthcare-spending-after-diagnosis-of-comorbidities-among-endometriosis-patients-a-difference-in-differences-analysis
#6
Andrew J Epstein, Ahmed M Soliman, Matthew Davis, Scott J Johnson, Michael C Snabes, Eric S Surrey
INTRODUCTION: We sought to characterize changes in healthcare spending associated with the onset of 22 endometriosis-related comorbidities. METHODS: Women aged 18-49 years with endometriosis (N = 180,278) were extracted from 2006-2015 de-identified Clinformatics(®) DataMart claims data. For 22 comorbidities, comorbidity patients were identified on the basis of having a first comorbidity diagnosis after their initial endometriosis diagnosis. Controls were identified on the basis of having no comorbidity diagnosis and were matched 1:1 to comorbidity patients on demographics and baseline spending...
November 3, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078739/effects-of-a-new%C3%A2-combination-of%C3%A2-plant-extracts-plus-d-mannose-for-the-management-of-uncomplicated-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections
#7
Carlo Genovese, Sergio Davinelli, Katia Mangano, Gianna Tempera, Daria Nicolosi, Salvatore Corsello, Franca Vergalito, Edoardo Tartaglia, Giovanni Scapagnini, Roberto Di Marco
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are an economic burden for public health. The increasing prevalence of resistant bacteria which cause UTIs may be related to the inappropriate prescription of antibiotics. The aim of this preliminary study was to evaluate whether three different combinations of plant extracts plus d-mannose are effective in preventing the recurrence of UTIs. Three groups of patients received three combinations of plant extracts in conjunction with d-mannose. These were: berberine, arbutin and birch (group A); berberine, arbutin, birch and forskolin (group B); and proanthocyanidins (group C)...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072568/eosinophilic-cystitis-presenting-as-a-bladder-mass-in-an-11-year-old-girl
#8
Elsa Bey, Youssef Teklali, Pierre-Yves Rabattu, Simon Grandjean Lapierre, C Piolat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 11, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057994/effects-of-herpes-simplex-virus-vectors-encoding-poreless-trpv1-or-protein-phosphatase-1%C3%AE-in-a-rat-cystitis-model-induced-by-hydrogen-peroxide
#9
S Takai, T Majima, B Reinhart, W F Goins, Y Funahashi, M Gotoh, P Tyagi, J C Glorioso, N Yoshimura
Enhanced afferent excitability is considered to be an important pathophysiological basis of interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS). In addition, transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 (TRPV1) receptors are known to be involved in afferent sensitization. Animals with hydrogen peroxide (HP)-induced cystitis have been used as a model exhibiting pathologic characteristics of chronic inflammatory condition of the bladder. This study investigated the effect of gene therapy with replication-defective herpes simplex virus (HSV) vectors encoding poreless TRPV1 (PL) or protein phosphatase 1 α (PP1α), a negative regulator of TRPV1, using a HP-induced rat model of cystitis...
October 20, 2017: Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048491/simultaneous-quantification-of-eight-marker-compounds-in-yongdamsagan-tang-using-a-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-equipped-with-photodiode-array-detector
#10
Chang-Seob Seo, Hyeun-Kyoo Shin
Yongdamsagan-tang (YDSGT) has been used clinically for the treatment of acute- and chronic-urethritis, cystitis, orchitis and hypertension in Korea. In this study, a powerful method based on high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with photodiode array (PDA) detection was established and validated for the quantitative analysis of eight components: chlorogenic acid, gentiopicroside, liquiritin apioside, liquiritin, nodakenin, baicalin, wogonoside and glycyrrhizin in YDSGT extract. The compounds were separated with a Gemini C18 analytical column (column temperature: 40°C; mobile phase: 0...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Chromatographic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038902/-urinary-tract-infections-what-has-been-confirmed-in-therapy
#11
REVIEW
J Marcon, C G Stief, G Magistro
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) affect approximately 150 million people worldwide per year, causing annual health costs of over three billion dollars just in the USA. Every second woman experiences at least one UTI in her lifetime, with every one in four experiencing recurrence. Uncomplicated infections like single or recurrent cystitis and pyelonephritis can be distinguished from complicated disease. UTIs in men can spread to the male glands, causing prostatitis and epididymitis. Antibiotic therapy is the standard procedure for UTIs...
October 16, 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024081/the-effect-of-rosa-l-rosa-canina-on-the-incidence-of-urinary-tract-infection-in-the-puerperium-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#12
Mahdieh Seifi, Shamsi Abbasalizadeh, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Laleh Khodaie, Mojgan Mirghafourvand
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection that can occur in any area of the urinary tract which is characterized by a positive urine culture (U/C). The risk of UTI following cesarean section (CS) increases due to procedures such as catheterization. In vitro studies have demonstrated the effect of Rosa canina fruit in preventing Escherichia coli growth. This study was conducted to determine the effect of R. canina fruit in preventing the incidence of UTI in women following CS. This triple-blind randomized clinical trial was conducted in 2016 on 400 women following CS with negative U/C in Alzahra and Taleghani educational hospitals in the city of Tabriz-Iran...
October 11, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990698/psychosocial-co-morbidities-in-interstitial-cystitis-bladder-pain-syndrome-ic-bps-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Lindsey C McKernan, Colin G Walsh, William S Reynolds, Leslie J Crofford, Roger R Dmochowski, David A Williams
AIMS: Psychosocial factors amplify symptoms of Interstitial Cystitis (IC/BPS). While psychosocial self-management is efficacious in other pain conditions, its impact on an IC/BPS population has rarely been studied. The objective of this review is to learn the prevalence and impact of psychosocial factors on IC/BPS, assess baseline psychosocial characteristics, and offer recommendations for assessment and treatment. METHOD: Following PRISMA guidelines, primary information sources were PubMed including MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, and GoogleScholar...
October 9, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954342/-comparison-of-clinical-features-of-hemorrhagic-cystitis-after-haploidentical-and-matched-sibling-donor-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#14
F M Zheng, H X Fu, T T Han, F R Wang, J Z Wang, Y Chen, C H Yan, Y Y Zhang, W Han, Y Y Chen, H Chen, Y Wang, X H Zhang, K Y Liu, X J Huang, L P Xu
Objective: To compare incidence and clinical features of hemorrhage cystitis (HC) after haploidentical donor (HID) allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and matched sibling donor (MSD) HSCT. Methods: Medical records of 609 (including 406 HID-HSCT and 203 MSD-HSCT cases) hematologic malignancies patients treated with HSCT undergoing myeloablative conditioning regimen from January 2011 to December 2012 were analyzed retrospectively. Results: HC occurred 183 in HID and 17 ones in MSD respectively...
August 14, 2017: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934076/delayed-urinary-symptoms-induced-by-ketamine
#15
María Robles-Martínez, Alfonso C Abad, Violeta Pérez-Rodríguez, Elena Ros-Cucurull, Abderraman Esojo, Carlos Roncero
One of the side-effects of ketamine abuse is genito-urinary damage. This report describes a case of a former ketamine user who presented with urinary symptoms associated with ketamine years after stopping consumption. This was a 26-year-old male with a history of ketamine abuse. He started treatment for alcohol dependence at age 19. He smoked marijuana daily and denied any other drug use. During the follow-up, urinary symptoms were evidenced (dysuria, frequency, urgency, incontinence, nocturia, hematuria, and suprapubic pain)...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882559/enhancement-of-s1p-induced-contractile-response-in-detrusor-smooth-muscle-of-rats-having-cystitis
#16
Irfan Anjum, Merve Denizalti, Hilmi Burak Kandilci, Nezahat Tugba Durlu-Kandilci, Inci Sahin-Erdemli
Interstitial cystitis is a chronic disease characterized by lower abdominal pain and some nonspecific symptoms including an increase in urinary frequency and urgency. Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) is a bioactive sphingolipid that controls smooth muscle tone via G-protein coupled receptors (S1P1-3 receptors). S1P production is known to take place both in physiological states and some pathological situations, such as in overactive bladder syndrome. The intracellular mechanism of S1P-induced contractile response was investigated in β-escin permeabilized detrusor smooth muscle of rats having cyclophosphamide-induced cystitis...
November 5, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868940/vigilance-on-use-of-drugs-herbal-products-and-food-supplements-during-pregnancy-focus-on-fosfomycin
#17
C Mannucci, G Dante, M Miroddi, F Facchinetti, R D'Anna, A Santamaria, M C Lenti, A Vannacci, F Calapai, M Perone, G Migliardi, A Alibrandi, M Navarra, G Calapai
PURPOSE: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is defined as a common bacterial infection that can lead to significant morbidity such as stricture, fistula, abscess formation, bacteremia, sepsis, pyelonephritis, and kidney dysfunction with a mortality rates reported of 1% in men and 3% in women because of development of pyelonephritis. UTIs are more common in women and the 33% of them require antimicrobials treatment for at least one episode by the age of 24 years. UTIs are the most common infections observed during pregnancy and up to 30% of mothers with not treated asymptomatic bacteriuria may develop acute pyelonephritis which consequently can be associated to adverse maternal and fetal outcomes...
September 17, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862731/cystitis-and-pelvic-pain-management-guidelines-versus-real-world-practice
#18
Jonathan C Goddard
Clinical practice guidelines for the management of bladder pain syndrome/chronic pelvic pain aim to help guide clinicians in diagnosing and treating patients they see on a day-to-day basis in the clinic. However, the approaches suggested by current clinical guidelines may not always align with the practicalities of routine clinical practice, where patient expectations must also be taken into consideration.
September 14, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829677/braf-mutation-as-a-novel-driver-of-eosinophilic-cystitis
#19
Michael Y Choi, Igor F Tsigelny, Amelie Boichard, Åge A Skjevik, Ahmed Shabaik, Razelle Kurzrock
Eosinophilic cystitis is a rare manifestation of hypereosinophilia and a cause of morbidity, including dysuria and hematuria. Although some cases can be attributed to infection or allergy, most cases are assessed to be idiopathic and treated with corticosteroids. However, hypereosinophilia can also be due to actionable clonal molecular alterations in the haematopoietic cells, similar to other myeloproliferative neoplasms. Common mutations associated with eosonophilic syndromes are of platelet-derived growth factor receptor α or β or c-kit, though other pathogenic mutations have been found by next generation sequencing...
September 2, 2017: Cancer Biology & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803058/survey-of-ferns-and-clinico-pathological-studies-on-the-field-cases-of-enzootic-bovine-haematuria-in-himachal-pradesh-a-north-western-himalayan-state-of-india
#20
Sarvesh K Rai, Rinku Sharma, Alka Kumari, Lars H Rasmussen, Rajendra D Patil, Rasbehari Bhar
Enzootic bovine haematuria (EBH) in cattle occurs in upland areas of the world. In India, the disease is present in isolated pockets in the Himalayas and in the Nilgiri Hills. The variation in the disease incidence has been attributed to different environmental conditions and animal rearing practices followed in the different regions. The aim of the study was to conduct field surveys in parts of EBH endemic regions of Himachal Pradesh, a north-western Himalayan state of India. Out of the total 103 plant samples collected, a total of 95 samples were identified as ferns...
November 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
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