keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Osteophytes

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097249/application-of-a-3d-custom-printed-patient-specific-spinal-implant-for-c1-2-arthrodesis
#1
Kevin Phan, Alessandro Sgro, Monish M Maharaj, Paul D'Urso, Ralph J Mobbs
The study aims to describe a three-dimensional printed (3DP) posterior fixation implant used for C1/C2 fusion in a 65-year-old female. Spinal fusion remains a common intervention for a range of spinal pathologies including degenerative disc and facet disease when conservative methods are unsuccessful. However, fusion devices are not always entirely efficacious in providing the desired fixation, and surgeons rely on 'off the shelf' implants which may not provide an anatomical fit to address the particular pathology...
December 2016: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097045/homeopathy-a-safe-much-less-expensive-non-invasive-viable-alternative-for-the-treatment-of-patients-suffering-from-loss-of-lumbar-lordosis
#2
Saiful Haque, Debarsi Das, Saugato Bhattacharya, Tathagato Sarkar, Anisur Rahman Khuda-Bukhsh
OBJECTIVES: Loss of lumbar lordosis causing pain and curvature of the vertebral skeleton to one side is a relatively uncommon disease. To our knowledge, successful treatment of loss of lumbar lordosis with any potentized homeopathic drug diluted above Avogadro's limit (that is, above a potency of 12C) has not been documented so far. In this communication, we intend to document a relatively rare case of loss of lumbar lordosis with osteophytic lippings, disc desiccation, and protrusion, causing a narrowing of secondary spinal canal and a bilateral neural foramina, leading to vertebral column curvature with acute pain in an adolescent boy...
December 2016: Journal of Pharmacopuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064033/altered-gait-mechanics-and-elevated-serum-pro-inflammatory-cytokines-in-asymptomatic-patients-with-mri-evidence-of-knee-cartilage-loss
#3
Shannon N Edd, Julien Favre, Katerina Blazek, Patrick Omoumi, Jessica L Asay, Thomas P Andriacchi
OBJECTIVE: To test if sagittal plane gait mechanics parameters and serum inflammation levels differ between healthy asymptomatic subjects and asymptomatic subjects with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) evidence of cartilage loss. DESIGN: Gait mechanics and resting serum tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) concentrations were measured for two groups of asymptomatic subjects recruited for a previous study: Pre-Osteoarthritis (OA) subjects had MRI evidence of partial- or full-thickness knee cartilage loss in at least one compartment (n=52 (30 female), 1...
January 4, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061494/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-lumbar-spondylosis-and-its-association-with-low-back-pain-among-rural-korean-residents
#4
Sung Yeon Lee, Nam H Cho, Young Ok Jung, Young Il Seo, Hyun Ah Kim
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of and the relevant risk factors for lumbar spondylosis (LS) among middle-aged and elderly rural Korean residents and to explore the association between radiographic LS and lower back pain (LBP) in relation to age and gender. METHODS: This community-based, cross-sectional study evaluated 1512 subjects with available radiograph. The prevalence of LBP was obtained using a questionnaire and disability resulting from LBP was measured using a validated Korean version of the Oswestry disability index (ODI)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057652/study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-multicentre-study-the-foraminotomy-acdf-cost-effectiveness-trial-facet-in-patients-with-cervical-radiculopathy
#5
A E H Broekema, J M A Kuijlen, G A T Lesman-Leegte, R H M A Bartels, A D I van Asselt, P C A J Vroomen, J M C van Dijk, M F Reneman, R Soer, R J M Groen
INTRODUCTION: Cervical radiculopathy due to discogenic or spondylotic stenosis of the neuroforamen can be surgically treated by an anterior discectomy with fusion (ACDF) or a posterior foraminotomy (FOR). Most surgeons prefer ACDF, although there are indications that FOR is as effective as ACDF, has a lower complication rate and is less expensive. A head-to-head comparison of the 2 surgical techniques in a randomised controlled trial has not yet been performed. The study objectives of the Foraminotomy ACDF Cost-Effectiveness Trial (FACET) study are to compare clinical outcomes, complication rates and cost-effectiveness of FOR to ACDF...
January 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054155/radiological-and-histological-analysis-of-two-replaced-interphalangeal-joints-with-active-subchondral-bone-resorption-in-erosive-hand-osteoarthritis-a-novel-mechanism
#6
Marta Favero, Giorgio Perino, Maria Luisa Valente, Cesare Tiengo, Roberta Ramonda
The aim of this study was to describe the histological features of erosive hand osteoarthritis (EHOA), which is considered an aggressive subset of hand osteoarthritis (OA) characterized by severe local inflammation and degeneration of the distal and proximal interphalangeal joints. Two patients with EHOA underwent replacement with a cement-free press fit ceramic prosthesis of a proximal interphalangeal joint (PIPJ). Clinical and radiological data were collected and histological examination was performed. Radiological examination with histological correlation showed complete erosion of the articular cartilage with focal presence of peripheral fibrocartilaginous resurfacing, sclerosis, and remodeling of the exposed bone, osteoclastic activity with resorptive lacunae in the subchondral bone and around degenerative fibromyxoid pseudocysts, coarse trabeculation of the cancellous bone, and marginal osteophytes...
January 4, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042720/resection-of-uncovertebral-joints-and-posterior-longitudinal-ligament-for-cervical-disc-arthroplasty
#7
Tsung-Hsi Tu, Chih-Chang Chang, Jau-Ching Wu, Li-Yu Fay, Wen-Cheng Huang, Henrich Cheng
The most commonly accepted indications for cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA) are 1- and 2-level cervical disc herniation or spondylosis causing radiculopathy or myelopathy that is refractory to medical management. Unlike anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), which eliminates motion, CDA aims to restore the physiological range of motion of the indexed joint. Thus, the effect of indirect decompression gained by the insertion of a sufficiently large interbody graft and incorporation into arthrodesis after ACDF cannot be duplicated for CDA...
January 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032705/surgical-technique-of-total-knee-arthroplasty-without-soft-tissue-balance
#8
Hong-Tao Xu, Jiang-Tao Dong, Juan Wang, Shi-Jun Gao
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) without soft tissue balance can create a balanced knee to a mechanical axis of near neutral with bone cuts, and remove osteophytes thoroughly. In this study, the authors present detailed steps for performing TKA. The attached video demonstrates the TKA procedure. The patient is a 77-year-old man who had suffered from knee pain for 12 years. Physical examination showed the Apley test to be positive and that the range of motion (ROM) decreased. An X-ray filmed at the positive lateral of the knee joint and the double lower extremity revealed a progression of degenerative osteoarthritis with genu varum...
November 2016: Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031516/review-article-osteophytes
#9
Siu Him Janus Wong, Kwong Yuen Chiu, Chun Hoi Yan
An osteophyte is a fibrocartilage-capped bony outgrowth that is one of the features of osteoarthritis. This study reviewed the types, risk factors, pathophysiology, clinical presentations, and medical and surgical treatment of osteophytes. Extraspinal osteophytes are classified as marginal, central, periosteal, or capsular, whereas vertebral osteophytes are classified as traction or claw. Risk factors for development of osteophytes include age, body mass index, physical activity, and other genetic and environmental factors...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030511/ankle-distraction-arthroplasty-indications-technique-and-outcomes
#10
Mitchell Bernstein, Jay Reidler, Austin Fragomen, S Robert Rozbruch
Ankle distraction is an alternative to ankle arthrodesis or total ankle arthroplasty in younger patients with arthritis. Ankle distraction involves the use of external fixation to mechanically unload the ankle joint, which allows for stable, congruent range of motion in the setting of decreased mechanical loading, potentially promoting cartilage repair. Adjunct surgical procedures are frequently done to address lower-extremity malalignment, ankle equinus contractures, and impinging tibiotalar osteophytes. Patients can bear full weight during the treatment course...
February 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028160/predictive-value-of-mri-features-for-development-of-radiographic-osteoarthritis-in-a-cohort-of-participants-with-pre-radiographic-knee-osteoarthritis-the-check-study
#11
Kim van Oudenaarde, Björn Jobke, Ans C M Oostveen, Annekarien C A Marijnissen, Ron Wolterbeek, Janet Wesseling, Sita M A Bierma-Zeinstra, Hans L Bloem, Monique Reijnierse, Margreet Kloppenburg
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether MRI features are associated with development of radiographic knee OA and can be used as a predictive tool in early knee OA. METHODS: In 148 participants of the Cohort Hip and Cohort Knee study (mean age 56 years, 78% women), with a Kellgren Lawrence (KL) score ⩽1, we obtained semi-quantitatively scored knee MRI scans and radiographs at baseline. After 5 years, we determined the development of radiographic knee OA (KL ⩾2). We calculated odds ratios (ORs), with 95% CIs adjusted for age, sex and BMI, to identify MRI features associated with OA development...
January 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027183/coincidence-of-eagle-syndrome-and-diffuse-idiopathic-skeletal-hyperostosis-presenting-with-dysphagia-as-a-result-of-compression-of-the-hypopharynx
#12
Vahit Mutlu, Hayri Ogul
Coincidence of the Eagle syndrome and diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis can very rarely result with compression of the hypopharynx. The authors here described a very rare case of hypopharyngeal airway compression secondary to cervical osteophytes in a patient with coincidence of Eagle syndrome and diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis. Multidetector computed tomography accuracy showed compression to the hypopharyngeal air column by the Eagle syndrome and diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis.
December 23, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013325/intra-articular-pathologies-associated-with-chronic-ankle-instability
#13
Henryk Liszka, Paweł Depukat, Artur Gądek
Chronic ankle instability causes intra-articular lesions, which may lead to secondary degenerative changes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of the ankle arthroscopy for the evaluation and treatment of intra-articular pathologies associated with chronic ankle instability. Between January 2013 and March 2016, 25 anterior ankle arthroscopies with modi ed anatomic Broström-Duquennoy-Tourne lateral ankle ligaments reconstructions were performed. In arthroscopy all patients (100%) had some intra-articular pathologies: 75% synovitis or so tissue scarring, 19% - deep chondral defect, 56% - superficial chondral lesion, 52% - osteophytes, 24% - bony or avulsion fragments, 20% - loose bodies...
2016: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997420/collar-osteophytes-mimicking-osteonecrosis-in-planar-bone-scintigraphy-and-usefulness-of-spect-ct-images
#14
Jr-Jian Juang, Yi-Hsing Chen, Shih-Chuan Tsai, Wan-Yu Lin
The use of prednisolone is one major risk factor for osteonecrosis in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Bone scintigraphy can be a diagnostic tool for early diagnosis. We present a case who had collar osteophytes at the bilateral femoral heads, which mimicked osteonecrosis in the planar bone scintigram. An SPECT/CT scan avoided this pitfall and increased the diagnostic accuracy for osteonecrosis.
December 16, 2016: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994778/intrinsic-vertebral-markers-for-spinal-level-localization-in-anterior-cervical-spine-surgery-a-preliminary-report
#15
Deepak Kumar Jha, Anil Thakur, Mukul Jain, Arvind Arya, Chandrabhushan Tripathi, Rima Kumari, Suman Kushwaha
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. PURPOSE: To observe the usefulness of anterior cervical osteophytes as intrinsic markers for spinal level localization (SLL) during sub-axial cervical spinal surgery via the anterior approach. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Various landmarks, such as the mandibular angle, hyoid bone, thyroid cartilage, first cricoid ring, and C6 carotid tubercle, are used for gross cervical SLL; however, none are used during cervical spinal surgery via the anterior approach...
December 2016: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989872/chondrogenic-progenitor-cells-promote-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-expression-through-stromal-derived-factor-1
#16
Shuya Wang, Cheng Zhou, Hongjun Zheng, Zhiyi Zhang, YiFang Mei, James A Martin
OBJECTIVE: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is elevated in joint fluids from patients diagnosed with osteoarthritis (OA). VEGF is known to contribute to vascular tidemark invasion and osteophyte formation, which are classic features of advanced OA. Among the factors that may drive VEGF accumulation in diseased joints, stromal cell-derived factor-1α (SDF-1α) is a likely culprit, as it is enriched in synovial fluids from osteoarthritic joints and is a potent inducer of VEGF expression...
October 27, 2016: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977444/outcome-of-decompression-alone-for-foraminal-extraforaminal-entrapment-of-l5-nerve-root-through-wiltse-paraspinal-approach
#17
Kyung-Chul Choi, Jin-Sung Kim, Dong Chan Lee, Choon-Keun Park
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY: The objective of the study was to present the surgical outcome and analyze the prognostic factors for postoperative leg pain after posterior decompression alone for foraminal/extraforaminal L5 entrapment at L5-S1 segment (LSS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Disk extrusion, hypertrophy of facet joint, osteophyte of vertebral body, thickened lumbosacral ligament, and collapsed disk lead to form the lumbosacral tunnel which compresses the L5 exiting nerve root...
December 13, 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965139/physiological-exercise-loading-suppresses-post-traumatic-osteoarthritis-progression-via-an-increase-in-bone-morphogenetic-proteins-expression-in-an-experimental-rat-knee-model
#18
H Iijima, A Ito, M Nagai, J Tajino, S Yamaguchi, W Kiyan, A Nakahata, J Zhang, T Wang, T Aoyama, K Nishitani, H Kuroki
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the dose-response relationship of exercise loading in the cartilage-subchondral bone (SB) unit in surgically-induced post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) of the knee. DESIGN: Destabilized medial meniscus (DMM) surgery was performed on the right knee of 12-week-old male Wistar rats, and sham surgery was performed on the contralateral knee. Four weeks after the surgery, the animals were subjected to moderate (12 m/min) or intense (21 m/min) treadmill exercises for 30 min/day, 5 days/week for 4 weeks...
December 10, 2016: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965138/the-str-ort-mouse-model-of-spontaneous-osteoarthritis-an-update
#19
REVIEW
K A Staines, B Poulet, D N Wentworth, A A Pitsillides
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease and a world-wide healthcare burden. Characterized by cartilage degradation, subchondral bone thickening and osteophyte formation, osteoarthritis inflicts much pain and suffering, for which there are currently no disease-modifying treatments available. Mouse models of osteoarthritis are proving critical in advancing our understanding of the underpinning molecular mechanisms. The STR/ort mouse is a well-recognized model which develops a natural form of osteoarthritis very similar to the human disease...
December 11, 2016: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960219/an-mri-evaluation-of-patients-who-underwent-treatment-with-a-cell-mediated-gene-therapy-for-degenerative-knee-arthritis-a-phase-iia-clinical-trial
#20
Jung Jong Cho, Saara Totterman, Randa K Elmallah, Tae Won Kim, Bumsup Lee, Michael A Mont
Multiple therapies have been developed to slow down the progression of knee osteoarthritis (OA), with the aim of avoiding or delaying TKA. One such potential method is cell-mediated gene therapy, which utilizes allogeneic human chondrocytes modified to express transforming growth factor-β1. Using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), we evaluated patients who underwent treatment with this injection in a Phase II study and assessed structural changes in: (1) bone marrow edema lesions, (2) cartilage defect depth and surface area, (3) articular bone surface and osteophytes, and (4) meniscus structure and signal, as well as changes in (5) joint fluid, (6) periarticular inflammation, and (7) synovial inflammation...
December 13, 2016: Journal of Knee Surgery
keyword
keyword
51898
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"