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mental health and nutritional

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432506/eating-habits-and-nutritional-status-of-patients-with-affective-disorders-and-schizophrenia
#1
Ewa Stefańska, Magdalena Lech, Agnieszka Wendołowicz, Beata Konarzewska, Napoleon Waszkiewicz, Lucyna Ostrowska
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess the nutritional value of the food intake in the group of men and women suffering from recurrent affective disorders and schizophrenia, and also to determine the relation between selected nutritional parameters with anthropometric indices defining the nutritional status of the subjects. METHODS: 219 persons participated in the study (61 patients with recurrent depressive disorders, 60 patients with schizophrenia and 98 healthy volunteers)...
December 30, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429198/-effectiveness-of-integrated-early-childhood-development-intervention-on-nurturing-care-for-children-aged-0-35-months-in-rural-china
#2
H F Shi, J X Zhang, X L Wang, Y Y Xu, S L Dong, C X Zhao, X N Huang, Q Zhao, X F Chen, Y Zhou, Margo O'Sullivan, Ron Pouwels, Robert W Scherpbier
Objective: To explore whether Integrated Early Childhood Development (IECD) program has effectively improved the nurturing care for children aged 0-35 months in rural China. Methods: IECD has been implemented by the government of China with support from the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) in four poverty-stricken rural counties since 2014. The interventions targeting the five key components of nurturing care (i.e. child and caregiver health, child nutrition, early learning support, child protection and social security) were delivered through the IECD program to children aged 0 to 35 months and their caregivers...
February 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416991/adolescent-health-in-urban-india
#3
REVIEW
S Ramadass, Sanjeev Kumar Gupta, Baridalyne Nongkynrih
Adolescence is the period in human growth and development that occurs after childhood and before adulthood, from ages 10 to 19 years. It is a period of dynamic brain development. During this period, adolescents learn from the social behavior and environmental surroundings of their community. Because of rapid urbanization without accounting for the basic health-care amenities, health disparities tend to arise. In this review, we have tried to describe the health profile of adolescents in urban India. Relevant articles were extracted from PubMed and related websites...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416322/quality-of-life-and-psychological-consequences-in-elderly-patients-after-a-hip-fracture-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Konstantinos I Alexiou, Andreas Roushias, Sokratis E Varitimidis, Konstantinos N Malizos
Fractures due to fragility of the bone around the hip joint have become a major public health issue, presenting with an increasing incidence due to the growth of the elderly population. The purpose of this review was to evaluate the impact of hip fractures on the quality of life (QoL), health status (HS), functioning, and psychological parameters, and factors influencing the outcome and the appropriate interventions for improvement of elderly patients. A systematic electronic search of the relevant literature was carried out using the CINAHL, Cochrane, EMBASE, Medline (OvidSP), and PubMed databases spanning the time period from their establishment up to January 2017...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409381/moving-towards-novel-multidisciplinary-approaches-for-improving-elderly-quality-of-life-the-emerging-role-of-telemedicine-in-sicily
#5
Giuseppa Maresca, Maria C De Cola, Santina Caliri, Rosaria De Luca, Alfredo Manuli, Ileana Scarcella, Giuseppe Silvestri, Placido Bramanti, Michele Torrisi, Rocco S Calabrò, Alessia Bramanti
Introduction Elderly care is a worldwide social and economic challenge for the public health system, and it requires the development of new management strategies. Telemedicine provides an innovative approach towards elderly care, especially for those with chronic diseases. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the potential role of a multidisciplinary telemedicine approach for improving elderly quality of life. Methods Twenty-two participants received weekly vital parameter monitoring and nutritional counselling, biweekly psychological counselling and a monthly consultation with a neurologist...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407314/multimodal-surgical-approach-for-adult-patients-with-chronic-intestinal-pseudo-obstruction-clinical-and-psychosocial-long-term-outcomes
#6
A Lauro, A D Pinna, E Tossani, V Stanghellini, M Manno, G Caio, L Golfieri, C Zanfi, N Cautero, A Bagni, U Volta, M Di Simone, L Pironi, R F Cogliandro, M Serra, A Venturoli, S Grandi, R De Giorgio
BACKGROUND: Clinical and psychosocial outcomes of a multimodal surgical approach for chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction were analyzed in 24 patients who were followed over a 2- to 12-year period in a single center after surgery or intestinal/multivisceral transplant (CTx). METHODS: The main reasons for surgery were sub-occlusion in surgery and parenteral nutrition-related irreversible complications with chronic intestinal failure in CTx. RESULTS: At the end of follow-up (February 2015), 45...
January 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395372/a-high-whey-protein-vitamin-d-and-e-supplement-preserves-muscle-mass-strength-and-quality-of-life-in-sarcopenic-older-adults-a%C3%A2-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Yacong Bo, Changfeng Liu, Zhe Ji, Ruihong Yang, Qianqian An, Xueyuan Zhang, Jie You, Dandan Duan, Yafei Sun, Yiwei Zhu, Han Cui, Quanjun Lu
OBJECTIVE: Sarcopenia, an age-related decline of muscle mass, strength, and physical function, was associated with falls, frailty, and poor quality of life. The aim of the current study is to examine the effect of nutritional supplement containing whey protein, vitamin D and E on measures of sarcopenia. METHODS: A total of 60 sarcopenic older adult subjects participated in the current randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled (iso-caloric control product) trial for 6 months...
January 9, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390510/differentiation-of-direct-and-indirect-socioeconomic-effects-on-suicide-attempts-in-south-korea
#8
Myung Ki, Eui Seong Sohn, Byungduck An, Jiseun Lim
Despite the wide recognition of the inverse association between socioeconomic position (SEP) and suicidal behaviors, its underlying process and potential mediators are little known. This study investigated the pathway from SEP to suicide attempts with attention to potential mediators.From the Korean Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2013, which is a nationwide cross-sectional survey of the health and nutritional status, a total of 34,565 participants (≥30 years) were included in the analysis. To unfold the pathways linking SEP to suicide attempts, the direct and indirect effects of 3 SEP measures (educational attainment, household income, and occupational group) and 3 mediators (physical illness, mental health problems, and problematic drinking) were differentiated using structured equation model (SEM)...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386718/health-care-for-children-in-indian-armed-forces
#9
Madhuri Kanitkar
Children of Armed Forces personnel constitute 33% of the clientele dependant on our healthcare. Various child health indicators and immunization coverage of Indian Armed Forces children is better than the national figures. With improved patient care, it has been observed that the morbidity and mortality pattern of diseases affecting the children of Armed Forces personnel has shown a change from infectious diseases in the past to more of chronic complex disorders at present. Hospital admissions of children in military hospitals due to nutritional and infectious diseases have reduced and constitute only around 21% of all paediatric hospital admissions...
October 2017: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385721/database-analysis-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-a-community-sample-response-to-a-micronutrient-intervention
#10
Samantha M Kimball, Naghmeh Mirhosseini, Julia Rucklidge
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are common mental health concerns worldwide. Broad-spectrum multi-vitamin/mineral approaches have been found to alleviate a number of psychiatric symptoms. We investigated the effects of a nutrient intervention program, which includes optimizing vitamin D levels, on depression and anxiety outcomes from community-based program. METHODS: We evaluated self-reported health measures of depression and anxiety collected as part of a community-based program focused on optimizing overall health through nutritional supplementation, education and lifestyle advice...
January 30, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383214/beneficial-effects-of-appropriate-sleep-duration-on-depressive-symptoms-and-perceived-stress-severity-in-a-healthy-population-in-korea
#11
Hyo-Min Kim, Sang Won Lee
Background: Recently, several institutions, including the American Academy of Sleep Medicine, the Sleep Research Society, and the National Sleep Foundation, have made consensus recommendations concerning appropriate sleep duration for adults. Although numerous studies conducted in Western populations have provided evidence of the harmful effects of short or long sleep duration on mental health, it is still unclear whether these consensus recommendations are appropriate in Korean culture...
January 2018: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382018/epidemiological-association-of-olfactory-dysfunction-with-hearing-loss-and-dysphonia-in-the-korean-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Jae Hong Park, Hyung Kwon Byeon, Ki Nam Park, Jae Wook Kim, Seung Won Lee, Kyung-do Han, Jae Won Chang, Won Shik Kim, Yoon Woo Koh, Myung Jin Ban
The aim of the study is to investigate the association between olfactory dysfunction (OD), hearing loss, and dysphonia.The cross-sectional data for 17,984 adults who completed the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (2010-12) were analyzed. OD, hearing loss, and dysphonia were assessed using self-reporting questionnaires. The association of OD with hearing loss and dysphonia was evaluated.Hearing loss and dysphonia were significantly more prevalent in patients with OD than in those without OD (hearing loss, 28...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368078/kasai-procedure-improves-nutritional-status-and-decreases-transplantation-associated-complications
#13
Jixin Yang, Wei Gao, Jianghua Zhan, Jiexiong Feng
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to retrospectively investigate whether Kasai Procedure (KP) improves nutritional status and whether KP decreases liver transplantation (LT)-associated complications in children with biliary atresia (BA). METHODS: From March 1st 2014 to February 28th 2015, 103 patients underwent LT and the other 17 without prior KP died during the waiting period. In 103 patients undergoing LT, 58 patients received KP previously (Group A), and 45 only underwent primary LT (Group B)...
January 24, 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358479/advocacy-for-improving-nutrition-in-the-first-1000-days-to-support-childhood-development-and-adult-health
#14
Sarah Jane Schwarzenberg, Michael K Georgieff
Maternal prenatal nutrition and the child's nutrition in the first 2 years of life (1000 days) are crucial factors in a child's neurodevelopment and lifelong mental health. Child and adult health risks, including obesity, hypertension, and diabetes, may be programmed by nutritional status during this period. Calories are essential for growth of both fetus and child but are not sufficient for normal brain development. Although all nutrients are necessary for brain growth, key nutrients that support neurodevelopment include protein; zinc; iron; choline; folate; iodine; vitamins A, D, B6, and B12; and long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids...
January 22, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356667/child-development-in-rural-ghana-associations-between-cognitive-language-milestones-and-indicators-of-nutrition-and-stimulation-of-children-under-two-years-of-age
#15
Marilyn N Ahun, Frances E Aboud, Richmond Aryeetey, Esi Colecraft, Grace S Marquis
OBJECTIVES: Two studies aimed to assess the provision of nutrition and psychosocial stimulation in the home and to examine associations between mental development and nutrition and stimulation using a validated measure of development milestones. METHODS: The first study consisted of secondary analyses on health and nutrition data from 1081 mother-child pairs (the children aged 0-12 months) and their households in Ghana's Eastern Region. For the second study, the Ghana Milestones Measure, consisting of items assessing cognitive and language development, was used to assess child development in a subsample (N = 330) of Study 1 participants one year later (children 10-24 months of age)...
January 22, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354577/effects-of-nutritional-status-on-6-month-outcome-of-hip-fractures-in-elderly-patients
#16
Ka Ying Doris Miu, Pui Shan Lam
Objective: To identify the prevalence of malnutrition in elderly hip fracture and to investigate the relationship between hip fracture patients and malnutrition on functional recovery and mortality. Methods: All hip fracture patients age >65 years admitted to a rehabilitation unit were recruited from July 2015 to June 2016. Nutritional status was assessed by Mini-Nutritional Assessment Short-Form (MNA-SF) within 72 hours of admission. Patients were reassessed at 6 months for functional status and place of residence...
December 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347963/hungry-to-learn-the-prevalence-and-effects-of-food-insecurity-on-health-behaviors-and-outcomes-over-time-among-a-diverse-sample-of-university-freshmen
#17
Meg Bruening, Irene van Woerden, Michael Todd, Melissa N Laska
BACKGROUND: To examine longitudinal associations between food insecurity (FI) and health behaviors/outcomes among a diverse sample of university freshmen. METHODS: Freshman students (n = 1138; 65% female; 49% non-white) participating in the Social impact of Physical Activity and nutRition in College study completed surveys on health behaviors and had height/weight measured up to 4 times (T1-T4) in Arizona during 2015-2016. Structural equation models were estimated to determine if, after adjusting for covariates, FI predicted concurrent behaviors/outcomes and subsequent behaviors/outcomes...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338731/effective-nationwide-school-based-participatory-extramural-program-on-adolescent-body-mass-index-health-knowledge-and-behaviors
#18
Moonseong Heo, Camille C Jimenez, Jean Lim, Carmen R Isasi, Arthur E Blank, David W Lounsbury, Lynn Fredericks, Michelle Bouchard, Myles S Faith, Judith Wylie
BACKGROUND: Adolescent obesity is a major public health concern. Open to all high school students regardless of weight status, HealthCorps is a nationwide program offering a comprehensive high school-based participatory educational program to indirectly address obesity. We tested a hypothesis that the HealthCorps program would decrease BMI z-scores among overweight or obese students, and reduce obesity rates, and evaluated its effects on health knowledge and behaviors. METHODS: HealthCorps aimed to improve student knowledge and behaviors regarding nutrition quality, physical activity, sleep, breakfast intake, and mental resilience...
January 16, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336226/identifying-metrics-before-and-after-readmission-following-head-and-neck-surgery-and-factors-affecting-readmission-rate
#19
Sidharth V Puram, Neil Bhattacharyya
Objectives Determine nationally representative readmission rates after head and neck cancer (HNCA) surgery and factors associated with readmission. Study Design Cross-sectional analysis of admissions database. Methods The 2013 Nationwide Readmissions Database was analyzed for HNCA surgery admissions and subsequent readmission within 30 days. The readmission rate, length of stay (LOS), disposition, mortality rate, and total charges were determined. Diagnoses and procedures upon readmission were quantified. Factors that were associated with readmission were determined...
January 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325398/health-priorities-in-french-speaking-swiss-cantons
#20
Philippe Chastonay, Jean Simos, Nicolas Cantoreggi, Rudolf Zurkinden, Thomas Mattig
In Switzerland, the federal authorities, the cantons, and the communes share the responsibility of healthcare, disease prevention and health promotion policies. Yet, the cantons are in most health matters independent in their decisions, thus defining as a matter of fact their own health priorities. We examined and analysed the content of the disease prevention and health promotion plans elaborated during the last decade in six French-speaking cantons with different political contexts and resources, but quite similar population health data, in order to identify the set health priorities...
July 31, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
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