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mental health and nutritional

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678183/a-randomized-controlled-cross-over-trial-investigating-the-effect-of-anti-inflammatory-diet-on-disease-activity-and-quality-of-life-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-the-anti-inflammatory-diet-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-adira-study-protocol
#1
Anna Winkvist, Linnea Bärebring, Inger Gjertsson, Lars Ellegård, Helen M Lindqvist
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects 0.5-1.0% of the population, and where many patients in spite of modern pharmacological treatment fail to reach remission. This affects physical as well as mental wellbeing and leads to severely reduced quality of life and reduced work capacity, thus yielding high individual as well as societal costs. As a complement to modern pharmacological treatment, lifestyle intervention should be evaluated as a treatment option...
April 20, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678118/the-relationship-between-pulmonary-function-and-suicidal-ideation-in-korean-adults-a-nationwide-survey
#2
Min-Seok Seo, In Cheol Hwang, Jae-Yong Shim, Hong Yup Ahn, Sewan Kim
Controversy surrounds the association between lung function and mental health in the general population, and previous reported results were confounded by the effect of other chronic illnesses. This study aimed to investigate whether reduced lung function was related to mental health issues, taking into consideration the relevant potential confounders. We used data from the 2008-2013 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to examine the relationship between lung function and three mental issues (recognized stress, depressive mood, and suicidal ideation) among 22,068 Korean adults...
April 20, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677164/the-mediating-role-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-the-prospective-association-between-overall-dietary-quality-and-healthy-aging
#3
Karen E Assmann, Indunil Ruhunuhewa, Moufidath Adjibade, Zhen Li, Raphaëlle Varraso, Serge Hercberg, Pilar Galan, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to quantify to what extent the association between adherence to the French nutritional recommendations at midlife, measured by the Programme National Nutrition Santé-Guideline Score (PNNS-GS), and healthy aging (HA) is mediated by body mass index (BMI) status. METHODS: We analyzed data from 2249 participants of the French 'Supplementation with Vitamins and Mineral Antioxidants' (SU.VI.MAX-'SUpplémentation en VItamines et Minéraux AntioXydants') cohort...
April 20, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666980/epidemiology-of-uveitis-in-a-us-population-based-study
#4
Marta Mora González, Marissé Masís Solano, Travis C Porco, Catherine E Oldenburg, Nisha R Acharya, Shan C Lin, Matilda F Chan
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to assess the relationship between self-reported uveitis and purported demographic and clinical risk factors, using an American adult population extracted from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) for the years 2009 and 2010. This is a cross-sectional, population-based study using a sample of 5106 subjects between 20 and 69 years old. The main outcome for our study was the self-report of a diagnosis of uveitis. The demographic analysis included age, gender, and ethnicity...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661697/cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-sexual-minority-women-18-59-years-old-findings-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2001-2012
#5
Billy A Caceres, Abraham A Brody, Perry N Halkitis, Caroline Dorsen, Gary Yu, Deborah A Chyun
OBJECTIVE: Sexual minority women (lesbian and bisexual) experience significant stigma, which may increase their cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of modifiable risk factors for CVD (including mental distress, health behaviors, blood pressure, glycosylated hemoglobin, and total cholesterol) and CVD in sexual minority women compared with their heterosexual peers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A secondary analysis of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2001-2012) was conducted...
April 13, 2018: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616708/strong-relationship-between-malnutrition-and-cognitive-frailty-in-the-singapore-longitudinal-ageing-studies-slas-1-and-slas-2
#6
L Chye, K Wei, M S Z Nyunt, Q Gao, S L Wee, T P Ng
BACKGROUND: Physical frailty is well known to be strongly associated with malnutrition, but the combined impact of physical frailty and cognitive impairment among non-demented older persons (cognitive frailty) on malnutrition prevalence is not well documented. DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling older Singaporeans aged ≥55y (n=5414) without dementia in the Singapore Longitudinal Ageing Study (SLAS-1 and SLAS-2)...
2018: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597133/changes-in-the-prevalence-of-comorbidity-in-the-australian-population-with-cancer-2007-2014
#7
Huah Shin Ng, Bogda Koczwara, David Roder, Agnes Vitry
BACKGROUND: Coexistence of multiple chronic diseases is highly prevalent among the cancer population. This study aims to assess changes in the prevalence of chronic conditions among the population with cancer compared to the Australian general population between 2007 and 2014. METHODS: Data from three successive National Health Surveys conducted by the Australian Bureau of Statistics between 2007 and 2014 were utilized. Comparisons were made between the samples of the Australian population aged 25 years and above with a history of cancer and those respondents who did not report having had a cancer using logistics regression models...
March 26, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595826/pediatric-multiple-sclerosis-current-perspectives-on-health-behaviors
#8
REVIEW
Elizabeth Morghen Sikes, Robert W Motl, Jayne M Ness
Purpose: Pediatric-onset multiple sclerosis (POMS) accounts for ~5% of all multiple sclerosis cases, and has a prevalence of ~10,000 children in the USA. POMS is associated with a higher relapse rate, and results in irreversible disability on average 10 years earlier than adult-onset multiple sclerosis. Other manifestations of POMS include mental and physical fatigue, cognitive impairment, and depression. We believe that the health behaviors of physical activity, diet, and sleep may have potential benefits in POMS, and present a scoping review of the existing literature...
2018: Pediatric Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595341/beneficial-effects-of-ragi-finger-millet-on-hematological-parameters-body-mass-index-and-scholastic-performance-among-anemic-adolescent-high-school-girls-ahsg
#9
Suja Karkada, Sharmila Upadhya, Subramanya Upadhya, Gopalakrishna Bhat
Adolescence is a period characterized by rapid physical, emotional, and mental growth and changes potentially resulting in health challenges. Anemia, which is a fairly common complication in this age group, is reported to negatively affect the cognitive ability of adolescents. Traditionally, ragi (Finger millet: Eleusine coracana), a cereal available in India, has been recommended as nutritional supplement to combat anemia because of its high protein and mineral content as well as anti-microbial property. This study sought to establish the effect of ragi in improving hematological parameters, body mass index, and scholastic performance among adolescent school girls...
March 29, 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593206/psychiatric-findings-in-suspected-and-confirmed-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-patients-quarantined-in-hospital-a-retrospective-chart-analysis
#10
Hyun-Chung Kim, So-Young Yoo, Bun-Hee Lee, So Hee Lee, Hyoung-Shik Shin
Objective: Little is known about the psychiatric complications or risk factors for depression in suspected or confirmed Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) patients quarantined in hospital. Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed of all the patients admitted to the acute MERS inpatient unit at the NMC during the 2015 outbreak. Results: 30 (75%) were confirmed to be MERS-CoV positive among 40 admitted cases. Among the 24 MERS survivors, 17 (70...
March 30, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589821/the-2017-diabetes-educator-and-the-diabetes-self-management-education-national-practice-survey
#11
Joanne Rinker, Jane K Dickinson, Michelle L Litchman, Ann S Williams, Leslie E Kolb, Carla Cox, Ruth D Lipman
Purpose The American Association of Diabetes Educators conducts the National Practice Survey (NPS) biennially to document current practice in diabetes education in the United States. The purpose of the study is to obtain insight about factors influencing the work of the diabetes educator. Method The 2017 NPS was comprised of 100 questions covering diabetes educator demographics, profile populations of people with diabetes, practice information, program accreditation, program curriculum, staffing, education delivery methods, data collection, and reporting...
March 1, 2018: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587704/supporting-change-in-chronic-disease-risk-behaviours-for-people-with-a-mental-illness-a-qualitative-study-of-the-experiences-of-family-carers
#12
Jacqueline M Bailey, Vibeke Hansen, Paula M Wye, John H Wiggers, Kate M Bartlem, Jennifer A Bowman
BACKGROUND: People with a mental illness experience greater chronic disease morbidity and mortality, and associated reduced life expectancy, compared to those without such an illness. A higher prevalence of chronic disease risk behaviours (inadequate nutrition, inadequate physical activity, tobacco smoking, and harmful alcohol consumption) is experienced by this population. Family carers have the potential to support change in such behaviours among those they care for with a mental illness...
March 27, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582891/age-and-iq-explained-working-memory-performance-in-a-rct-with-fatty-fish-in-a-group-of-forensic-inpatients
#13
A L Hansen, G Ambroziak, D Thornton, L Dahl, B Grung
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of a long-term fatty fish intervention on a pure cognitive mechanism important for self-regulation and mental health, i.e. working memory (WM), controlling for age and IQ. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial. SETTING: A forensic facility. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-four young to middle aged male forensic inpatients with psychiatric disorders. INTERVENTION: Consumption of farmed salmon or control meal (meat) three times a week during 23 weeks...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577010/developmental-aspects-of-schizotypy-and-suspiciousness-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Keri K Wong, Adrian Raine
Purpose of the Review: This review identifies the early developmental processes that contribute to schizotypy and suspiciousness in adolescence and adulthood. It includes the most recent literature on these phenomena in childhood. Recent Findings: The early developmental processes that affect schizotypy and paranoia in later life are complex. In contrast to existing studies of psychiatric patients and clinical/nonclinical adult populations, the study of schizotypy and suspiciousness in young children and adolescents is possible due to new child-appropriate dimensional assessments...
2018: Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575415/gastrointestinal-dysmotility-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-journey-from-symptom-onset-to-diagnosis
#15
K Twist, J Ablett, A Wearden, P Paine, D Vasant, S Lal, S Peters
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal dysmotility (GID) covers a spectrum of disorders disrupting enteric neuromuscular co-ordination which, when severe, causes intractable gastrointestinal symptoms and malnutrition and is a recognized cause of chronic intestinal failure. To date, no study has provided an in-depth account of the experiences of patients with severe GID and their psychosocial needs. This study aimed to explore patients' experiences from symptom onset and the process of seeking and receiving a diagnosis...
March 25, 2018: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569357/postpartum-depressive-symptoms-gestational-weight-gain-as-a-risk-factor-for-adolescents-who-are-overweight-or-obese
#16
Shayna D Cunningham, Shilpa Mokshagundam, Hannah Chai, Jessica B Lewis, Jessica Levine, Jonathan N Tobin, Jeannette R Ickovics
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a risk factor for adverse physical health outcomes during pregnancy. Much less is known about the association between obesity and maternal mental health. Evidence suggests that prenatal depression is associated with excessive weight gain during pregnancy and that this relationship may vary according to pregravid body mass index (BMI). Young women may be particularly vulnerable to postpartum depression. The objective of this study is to examine the association between prepregnancy BMI, gestational weight gain, and postpartum depressive symptoms among adolescents...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563038/clinical-manifestations-pathophysiology-treatment-and-outcome-of-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-in-older-people
#17
REVIEW
Matthias Butter, Stefan Weiler, Luc Biedermann, Michael Scharl, Gerhard Rogler, Heike A Bischoff-Ferrari, Benjamin Misselwitz
Approximately 10-20% of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) cases are diagnosed after 60 years of age. Due to the high prevalence of conditions mimicking IBD at older age - including bowel disease associated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, diverticulitis, and microscopic colitis - differential diagnosis of IBD among older adults is frequently delayed. Late-onset IBD is characterized by a predominance of colonic disease and an overall milder disease course; disease progression and new intestinal manifestations are rare...
April 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558907/the-burden-of-tooth-loss-in-italian-elderly-population-living-in-nursing-homes
#18
Fabio Cocco, Guglielmo Campus, Laura Strohmenger, Viviana Cortesi Ardizzone, Maria Grazia Cagetti
BACKGROUND: This survey aims to evaluate the prevalence and severity of tooth loss in the Italian elderly population living in nursing homes and to associate the oral data with demographic, socioeconomic factors, the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), the Body Mass Index (BMI) and the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) scores. METHODS: A cluster sample method was performed using each nursing home as a cluster. Twenty-three nursing homes located in the five areas of the Italy (North-West, North-East, Centre, South and Islands) were selected...
March 20, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558830/naturopathic-oncology-care-for-thoracic-cancers-a-practice-survey
#19
Dugald Seely, Julie K Ennis, Ellen McDonell, Linlu Zhao
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is a lack of information on therapies recommended by naturopathic doctors (NDs) for lung and gastroesophageal cancer care. Study objectives were to: (1) identify the most common interventions considered for use by NDs; (2) identify interventions NDs recommend to support key therapeutic goals; and (3) identify potential contraindications between integrative and conventional therapies. METHODS: Oncology Association of Naturopathic Physicians (OncANP) members (n = 351) were invited to complete an electronic survey...
March 1, 2018: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549071/exploring-digital-health-use-and-opinions-of-university-students-field-survey-study
#20
Ilaria Montagni, Tanguy Cariou, Tiphaine Feuillet, Emmanuel Langlois, Christophe Tzourio
BACKGROUND: During university, students face some potentially serious health risks, and their lifestyle can have a direct effect on health and health behaviors later in life. Concurrently, university students are digital natives having easy access to the internet and new technologies. Digital health interventions offer promising new opportunities for health promotion, disease prevention, and care in this specific population. The description of the current use of and opinions on digital health among university students can inform future digital health strategies and interventions within university settings...
March 15, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
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