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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895066/protocol-of-the-swiss-longitudinal-cohort-study-swicos-in-rural-switzerland
#1
Andreas W Schoenenberger, Franco Muggli, Gianfranco Parati, Augusto Gallino, Georg Ehret, Paolo M Suter, Renate Schoenenberger-Berzins, Therese J Resink, Paul Erne
INTRODUCTION: Increased longevity and consequent major changes in demographics and population lifestyles necessitate new approaches to reduce the burden of ageing-related diseases (including cardiovascular disease) and maintain an optimal quality of life. This study aims to examine and longitudinally follow health status and disease risk factors in a Swiss rural cohort, evaluating all health-related research and practice disciplines to assure development of new implementable and successful preventive strategies for healthy ageing...
November 28, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888379/medical-co-morbidities-among-patients-with-severe-mental-illnesses-in-a-community-health-facility-in-nigeria
#2
Victor Olufolahan Lasebikan, Joachim Azegbeobor
To examine prevalence of medical comorbidity (MCM) in schizophrenia (n = 1310) and in bipolar disorder (n = 1307) and the association of high burden of MCM (≥3 MCM) with duration of untreated illness, number of episodes, functioning, poly-medication and lifetime hospitalization for the mental disorder. Participants were recruited from a private psychiatric facility in Ibadan, Nigeria between 2004 and 2013 and enquiry made about the lifetime occurrence of 20 common chronic diseases including common tropical diseases...
November 25, 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884132/healthy-and-productive-workers-using-intervention-mapping-to-design-a-workplace-health-promotion-and-wellness-program-to-improve-presenteeism
#3
Carlo Ammendolia, Pierre Côté, Carol Cancelliere, J David Cassidy, Jan Hartvigsen, Eleanor Boyle, Sophie Soklaridis, Paula Stern, Benjamin Amick
BACKGROUND: Presenteeism is a growing problem in developed countries mostly due to an aging workforce. The economic costs related to presenteeism exceed those of absenteeism and employer health costs. Employers are implementing workplace health promotion and wellness programs to improve health among workers and reduce presenteeism. How best to design, integrate and deliver these programs are unknown. The main purpose of this study was to use an intervention mapping approach to develop a workplace health promotion and wellness program aimed at reducing presenteeism...
November 25, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878848/the-effectiveness-of-the-cope-healthy-lifestyles-teen-program-a-school-based-intervention-in-middle-school-adolescents-with-12-month-follow-up
#4
Aysun Ardic, Semra Erdogan
AIM: The goal of this study is to assess the applicability and long-term effectiveness of the T-COPE Healthy TEEN program on adolescent health. BACKGROUND: Obesity and mental health disorders are major public health problems in adolescents. In this context, including long-term and multiple behavioural obesity prevention programs are becoming increasingly important. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental design with pre-test/post-test control group and repeated measurements METHODS: Eighty-seven (45 in intervention group, 42 in control group) adolescents were included from two different middle schools in the intervention program...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875834/medical-social-and-supportive-services-for-older-adults-with-hiv
#5
Lisa E Cox, Mark Brennan-Ing
Older people living with HIV are increasingly requiring formal supportive community-based services. Supportive services are essential to medical care and treatment for older people living with HIV/AIDS. This chapter considers Andersen's behavioral model of health services, and explores the predisposing, enabling, and need factors that affect service utilization among the older HIV population. The Andersen model provides a lens to understand the need for supportive services to go beyond primary medical care...
2017: Interdisciplinary Topics in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869051/money-is-brain-financial-barriers-and-consequences-for-canadian-stroke-patients
#6
Aravind Ganesh, Kathryn King-Shier, Braden J Manns, Michael D Hill, David J T Campbell
BACKGROUND: Stroke patients of lower socioeconomic status have worse outcomes. It remains poorly understood whether this is due to illness severity or personal or health system barriers. We explored the experiences of stroke patients with financial barriers in a qualitative descriptive pilot study, seeking to capture perceived challenges that interfere with their poststroke health and recovery. METHODS: We interviewed six adults with a history of stroke and financial barriers in Alberta, Canada, inquiring about their: (1) experiences after stroke; (2) experience of financial barriers; (3) perceived reasons for financial barriers; (4) health consequences of financial barriers; and (5) mechanisms for coping with financial barriers...
November 21, 2016: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868400/association-between-stroke-status-and-depression-in-a-community-setting-the-2014-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#7
Mina Kim, Gyung Jae Oh, Young Hoon Lee
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Previous studies have examined the risk factors for depression in stroke patients, but little information is available on the relationship between stroke status and depression in the community-dwelling general population. We evaluated the association between stroke status and depression using representative nationwide data. METHODS: In total, 3,487 subjects (aged ≥40 years) who participated in version VI-2 of the sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) performed in 2014 were included...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866493/dietary-dha-and-health-cognitive-function-ageing
#8
Carlos Cardoso, Cláudia Afonso, Narcisa M Bandarra
DHA is a key nutritional n-3 PUFA and needs to be supplied by the human diet. DHA is found in significant amounts in the retinal and neuronal cell membranes due to its high fluidity. Indeed, DHA is selectively concentrated in the synaptic and retinal membranes. DHA is deemed to display anti-inflammatory properties and to reduce the risk of CVD. Consumption of larger amounts of DHA appears to reduce the risk of depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and mood disorders. Conversely, it has been shown that loss of DHA from the nerve cell membrane leads to dysfunction of the central nervous system in the form of anxiety, irritability, susceptibility to stress, dyslexia, impaired memory and cognitive functions, and extended reaction times...
November 21, 2016: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864126/the-use-of-life-sustaining-procedures-in-the-last-month-of-life-is-associated-with-more-depressive-symptoms-in-surviving-spouses
#9
Katherine A Ornstein, Melissa D Aldridge, Melissa M Garrido, Rebecca Gorges, Evan Bollens-Lund, Albert L Siu, Kenneth M Langa, Amy S Kelley
CONTEXT: Family caregivers of individuals with serious illness who undergo intensive life-sustaining medical procedures at the end of life may be at risk of negative consequences including depression. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between patients' use of life-sustaining procedures at the end of life and depressive symptoms in their surviving spouses. METHODS: We used data from the Health and Retirement Study, a longitudinal survey of U...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846283/food-insecurity-and-common-mental-disorders-among-ethiopian-youth-structural-equation-modeling
#10
Mulusew G Jebena, David Lindstrom, Tefera Belachew, Craig Hadley, Carl Lachat, Roos Verstraeten, Nathalie De Cock, Patrick Kolsteren
BACKGROUND: Although the consequences of food insecurity on physical health and nutritional status of youth living have been reported, its effect on their mental health remains less investigated in developing countries. The aim of this study was to examine the pathways through which food insecurity is associated with poor mental health status among youth living in Ethiopia. METHODS: We used data from Jimma Longitudinal Family Survey of Youth (JLFSY) collected in 2009/10...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845291/-population-monitoring-of-the-health-shaping-environment-of-the-students-of-nagorno-karabakh
#11
H Galstyan
The study of the health shaping environment of students is one of the actual biomedical tasks, it is also the scientific founding for conducting health-preventive and health-preserving measures. Despite the importance of the proposed problem, this study is a pioneering attempt in Nagorno Karabakh. The objective of the work is the scientific grounding of regional peculiarities and the contemporary level of health shaping environment of students on the basis of population monitoring system. The results of the study prove that the studied health criteria are within limits of physiological norm...
October 2016: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837382/objectively-measured-sedentary-behavior-and-moderate-to-vigorous-physical-activity-on-the-health-related-quality-of-life-in-us-adults-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2003-2006
#12
Junghoon Kim, Jeong-Soo Im, Yoon-Hyeong Choi
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) represents an individual's perception of physical, mental, and social well-being and is a strong predictor of health status. Few studies have examined associations of sedentary behavior (SB) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) with HRQOL in the general population. PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine combined associations of objectively measured SB and MVPA on the risk of poor HRQOL in the general US population, after controlling for potential confounding factors...
November 11, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834159/maternal-depressive-symptoms-and-early-childhood-cognitive-development-a-meta-analysis
#13
Y Liu, S Kaaya, J Chai, D C McCoy, P J Surkan, M M Black, A-L Sutter-Dallay, H Verdoux, M C Smith-Fawzi
BACKGROUND: Previous findings have been mixed regarding the relationship between maternal depressive symptoms and child cognitive development. The objective of this study was to systematically review relevant literature and to perform a meta-analysis. METHOD: Three electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO) were searched. Initial screening was conducted independently by two reviewers. Studies selected for detailed review were read in full and included based on a set of criteria...
November 11, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829242/caloric-restriction-preserves-memory-and-reduces-anxiety-of-aging-mice-with-early-enhancement-of-neurovascular-functions
#14
Ishita Parikh, Janet Guo, Kai-Hsiang Chuang, Yu Zhong, Ralf G Rempe, Jared D Hoffman, Rachel Armstrong, Björn Bauer, Anika M S Hartz, Ai-Ling Lin
Neurovascular integrity plays an important role in protecting cognitive and mental health in aging. Lifestyle interventions that sustain neurovascular integrity may thus be critical on preserving brain functions in aging and reducing the risk for age-related neurodegenerative disorders. Here we show that caloric restriction (CR) had an early effect on neurovascular enhancements, and played a critical role in preserving vascular, cognitive and mental health in aging. In particular, we found that CR significantly enhanced cerebral blood flow (CBF) and blood-brain barrier function in young mice at 5-6 months of age...
November 8, 2016: Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826783/predictors-of-postpartum-depression-in-partnered-mothers-and-fathers-from-a-longitudinal-cohort
#15
Brenda M Y Leung, Nicole L Letourneau, Gerald F Giesbrecht, Henry Ntanda, Martha Hart
Postpartum depression (PPD) is a growing mental health concern in new mothers and fathers. The purpose of this study was to determine the predictors of depression at 3 months postpartum, comparing depressed couples to couples with only one depressed partner or no depressed partner, using data from the Alberta Pregnancy Outcomes and Nutrition study. Data from mothers and fathers were collected at second trimester and 3 months postpartum. Results showed predictors of PPD in mothers to be low household income, high prenatal depressive symptoms, and postnatally, low social support and higher number of stressful life events...
November 8, 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815111/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-spanish-language-version-of-the-sarc-f-to-assess-sarcopenia-in-mexican-community-dwelling-older-adults
#16
Lorena Parra-Rodríguez, Claudia Szlejf, Ana Isabel García-González, Theodore K Malmstrom, Esteban Cruz-Arenas, Oscar Rosas-Carrasco
OBJECTIVES: To cross-culturally adapt and validate the Spanish-language version of the SARC-F in Mexican community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of a prospective cohort. SETTING: The FraDySMex study, a 2-round evaluation of community-dwelling adults from 2 municipalities in Mexico City. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 487 men and women older than 60 years, living in the designated area in Mexico City...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810617/why-so-glumm-detecting-depression-clusters-through-graphing-lifestyle-environs-using-machine-learning-methods-glumm
#17
J F Dipnall, J A Pasco, M Berk, L J Williams, S Dodd, F N Jacka, D Meyer
BACKGROUND: Key lifestyle-environ risk factors are operative for depression, but it is unclear how risk factors cluster. Machine-learning (ML) algorithms exist that learn, extract, identify and map underlying patterns to identify groupings of depressed individuals without constraints. The aim of this research was to use a large epidemiological study to identify and characterise depression clusters through "Graphing lifestyle-environs using machine-learning methods" (GLUMM). METHODS: Two ML algorithms were implemented: unsupervised Self-organised mapping (SOM) to create GLUMM clusters and a supervised boosted regression algorithm to describe clusters...
October 28, 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799016/health-promotion-for-young-adults-with-serious-mental-illness
#18
John A Naslund, Kelly A Aschbrenner, Emily A Scherer, Sarah I Pratt, Stephen J Bartels
OBJECTIVE: Young adulthood represents a critical time to address elevated obesity rates and the risk of early mortality, particularly among people with serious mental illness. Few studies have assessed the benefits of lifestyle interventions targeting weight loss among these young adults. This study examined the impact of the 12-month In SHAPE lifestyle intervention on weight loss and fitness among overweight and obese young adults with serious mental illness (ages 21-30) compared with participants over age 30...
November 1, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784290/camp-nerf-methods-of-a-theory-based-nutrition-education-recreation-and-fitness-program-aimed-at-preventing-unhealthy-weight-gain-in-underserved-elementary-children-during-summer-months
#19
Laura C Hopkins, Mary Fristad, Jacqueline D Goodway, Ihuoma Eneli, Chris Holloman, Julie A Kennel, Bernadette Melnyk, Carolyn Gunther
BACKGROUND: The number of obese children in the US remains high, which is problematic due to the mental, physical, and academic effects of obesity on child health. Data indicate that school-age children, particularly underserved children, experience unhealthy gains in BMI at a rate nearly twice as fast during the summer months. Few efforts have been directed at implementing evidence-based programming to prevent excess weight gain during the summer recess. METHODS: Camp NERF is an 8-week, multi-component (nutrition, physical activity, and mental health), theory-based program for underserved school-age children in grades Kindergarten - 5th coupled with the USDA Summer Food Service Program...
October 26, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779822/frailty-is-a-major-related-factor-for-at-risk-of-malnutrition-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#20
Shu-Fang Chang
PURPOSE: We investigated the relationships among geriatric syndrome, physiological functions, and body composition in community-dwelling older people with varying nutritional statuses. Other factors correlated with nutritional status in community-dwelling older people were also explored. BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization has initiated preventive programs for addressing malnutrition. However, few studies have focused on the correlations among geriatric syndrome, physiological functions, and body composition in older people at risk of malnutrition...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
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