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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238401/health-needs-of-older-populations-affected-by-humanitarian-crises-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#1
Emma Massey, James Smith, Bayard Roberts
Background: The combination of global demographic changes and a growing number of humanitarian crises in middle-income countries that have a higher life expectancy has led to an increase in the number of older populations affected by humanitarian crises. The aim of this review was to systematically examine evidence on the health needs of older populations in humanitarian crises, including both armed conflicts and natural disasters, in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Methods: A systematic review methodology was used...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230316/converging-on-child-mental-health-toward-shared-global-action-for-child-development
#2
G Belkin, L Wissow, C Lund, L Aber, Z Bhutta, M Black, C Kieling, S McGregor, A Rahman, C Servili, S Walker, H Yoshikawa
We are a group of researchers and clinicians with collective experience in child survival, nutrition, cognitive and social development, and treatment of common mental conditions. We join together to welcome an expanded definition of child development to guide global approaches to child health and overall social development. We call for resolve to integrate maternal and child mental health with child health, nutrition, and development services and policies, and see this as fundamental to the health and sustainable development of societies...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226282/feasibility-of-conducting-a-6-month-long-home-based-exercise-program-with-protein-supplementation-in-elderly-community-dwelling-individuals-with-heart-failure
#3
Masil George, Gohar Azhar, Amanda Pangle, Eric Peeler, Amanda Dawson, Robert Coker, Kellie S Coleman, Amy Schrader, Jeanne Wei
Objective: Cardiac cachexia is a condition associated with heart failure, particularly in the elderly, and is characterized by loss of muscle mass with or without the loss of fat mass. Approximately 15% of elderly heart failure patients will eventually develop cardiac cachexia; such a diagnosis is closely associated with high morbidity and increased mortality. While the mechanism(s) involved in the progression of cardiac cachexia is incompletely established, certain factors appear to be contributory...
2017: Journal of Physiotherapy & Physical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215576/fasting-plasma-glucose-self-appraised-diet-quality-and-depressive-symptoms-a-us-representative-cross-sectional-study
#4
Erin Hoare, Sarah R Dash, Pia Varsamis, Garry L Jennings, Bronwyn A Kingwell
Depression and type 2 diabetes (T2D) contribute significantly to global burden of disease and often co-occur. Underpinning type 2 diabetes is poor glycaemic control and glucose is also an obligatory substrate for brain metabolism, with potential implications for cognition, motivation and mood. This research aimed to examine the relationships between fasting plasma glucose and depressive symptoms in a large, population representative sample of US adults, controlling for other demographic and lifestyle behavioural risk factors...
December 7, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209384/association-between-healthcare-utilization-and-depression-in-korean-women-with-cardiovascular-conditions
#5
Se Jin Park, Jung Won Jang, Ah Young Kim, Seungyeon Hong, Boram Yuk, Ye Won Min, Kyung A Park, Subin Park
Objective: This study aimed to examine the associations between depression and both coronary artery disease (CAD) and cardiovascular risk factors (CVRs) in Korean women. Furthermore, this study sought to determine whether depression was associated with use of healthcare services in women with CAD or CVRs. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 26,335 women who were aged 19 years or older, and who participated in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2007-2014)...
November 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197704/participation-in-the-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-and-maternal-depressive-symptoms-moderation-by-program-perception
#6
Rachel S Bergmans, Lawrence M Berger, Mari Palta, Stephanie A Robert, Deborah B Ehrenthal, Kristen Malecki
RATIONALE: Previous studies have observed an association between participation in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) and depression, which is contrary to SNAP's potential to alleviate food insecurity and financial strain. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the impact of change in SNAP participation status on maternal depression, and whether perceptions of government assistance moderate this association. METHODS: Data were from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (FFCWS)...
November 22, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197403/setting-priorities-for-knowledge-translation-of-cochrane-reviews-for-health-equity-evidence-for-equity
#7
Peter Tugwell, Jennifer Petkovic, Vivian Welch, Jennifer Vincent, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Rachel Churchill, Don deSavigny, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Tomas Pantoja
BACKGROUND: A focus on equity in health can be seen in many global development goals and reports, research and international declarations. With the development of a relevant framework and methods, the Campbell and Cochrane Equity Methods Group has encouraged the application of an 'equity lens' to systematic reviews, and many organizations publish reviews intended to address health equity. The purpose of the Evidence for Equity (E4E) project was to conduct a priority-setting exercise and apply an equity lens by developing a knowledge translation product comprising summaries of systematic reviews from the Cochrane Library...
December 2, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188880/perspectives-on-the-causes-of-undernutrition-of-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-qualitative-study
#8
R van der Pols-Vijlbrief, H A H Wijnhoven, M Visser
OBJECTIVES: Undernutrition is a major health concern particularly in vulnerable older adults. The present study aimed to reveal the causes of undernutrition as reported by community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: Twenty-five semi-structured interviews and two focus group discussions were performed and analyzed. SETTING: Community-dwelling. PARTICIPANTS: Older adults. MEASUREMENTS: A questionnaire on demographics, Short Nutritional Assessment Questionnaire 65+ and interviews on the potential causes of undernutrition...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186279/albumin-hemoglobin-and-the-trajectory-of-cognitive-function-in-community-dwelling-older-japanese-a-13-year-longitudinal-study
#9
H Murayama, S Shinkai, M Nishi, Y Taniguchi, H Amano, S Seino, Y Yokoyama, H Yoshida, Y Fujiwara, H Ito
BACKGROUND: Cognitive function can substantially decline over a long period, and understanding the trajectory of cognitive function is important. However, little is known about the linkage between nutritional biomarkers and long-term cognitive change. OBJECTIVES: We analyzed 13-year longitudinal data for older Japanese to examine the associations of serum albumin and hemoglobin levels with the trajectory of cognitive function. DESIGN: Longitudinal study...
2017: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185928/dietary-intake-nutritional-status-and-mental-wellbeing-of-homeless-adults-in-reading-uk
#10
Rosalind Fallaize, Josephine V Seale, Charlotte Mortin, Lisha Armstrong, Julie A Lovegrove
Malnutrition has been reported in the homeless, yet the specific nutritional issues faced by each homeless community are unclear. This is in part due to nutrient intake often being compared with dietary reference values as opposed to a comparative housed population. In addition, the complex interplay between nutrient intake, reward mediated behaviour and mental illness is frequently overlooked. This study aimed to compare the dietary intake, nutritional status and mental wellbeing of homeless and housed adults...
November 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183040/oncological-rehabilitation
#11
Oliver Rick, Timm Dauelsberg, Eva-Maria Kalusche-Bontemps
An increasing number of patients are living with or surviving cancer due to improvements in detection and treatment. However, patients who survive cancer may experience functional disabilities that impact on health, quality of life and ability to work. For example, physical disorders may include fatigue, reduced muscle strength, cognitive dysfunction, paresthesia or nutrition problems, while mental symptoms may include anxiety, depression, fear of relapse or insomnia. Multidimensional oncological rehabilitation programs have been developed to address these disabilities and to help cancer patients and long-term survivors to reduce morbidity and to improve quality of life...
2017: Oncology Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182192/-effects-of-high-intensity-interval-training-and-nutritional-education-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#12
Pedro Mangiamarchi, Alexis Caniuqueo, Rodrigo Ramírez-Campillo, Patricio Cárdenas, Sylvana Morales, Johnattan Cano-Montoya, Guilherme Bresciani, Cristian Álvarez
BACKGROUND: High-intensity interval training (HIIT) improves cardiometabolic markers, but its effects on the quality of life of patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) is not well known. AIM: To determine the effects of a 12-week HIIT exercise program on cardiometabolic and quality of life variables of T2D patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Nine T2D women were assigned to a HIIT + nutritional education (GE) and 10, to a nutritional education alone group (GC)...
July 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176003/predicting-how-health-behaviours-contribute-to-the-development-of-diseases-within-a-military-population-in-the-hungarian-defence-forces
#13
Attila Novák, B Hornyák, Zs Rázsó, Sz Szalánczi, Zs Juhász, A Sótér, Cs Nyakas
INTRODUCTION: Recent legislative amendments in Hungary have resulted in the possibility for early retirement being abolished in the Hungarian Defence Forces. The retirement age for professional soldiers has also increased to 65 years, thereby greatly increasing the average length of military service. This necessitates greater attention to the health and care of service personnel due to the increase of chronic non-communicable diseases with age. The aim of this research was to identify how health behaviours might potentially contribute to diseases in the Hungarian Defence Forces...
November 23, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172859/racial-ethnic-differences-in-cigarette-use-the-roles-of-mental-illness-and-health-care-access-utilization
#14
Celia C Lo, Fan Yang, William Ash-Houchen, Tyrone C Cheng
BACKGROUND: Empirical evidence supports a hypothesis that cigarettes may be used to cope with mental illness. Little research, however, addresses how race/ethnicity is linked to mental health and cigarette use. OBJECTIVES: This study applied the self-medication hypothesis. It asked whether mental status was associated, via health-care access/utilization, with the cigarette use outcomes of four racial/ethnic groups. It also tested whether race/ethnicity moderated any such associations...
November 27, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171958/fecal-incontinence-as-a-moderator-between-dietary-intake-and-depressive-symptoms-among-a-sample-of-older-adults-obtained-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes
#15
J Alwerdt, B J Small
OBJECTIVES: Many studies have established a relationship between diet and mental health, as well as the importance of bowel health. Further, with increased evidence of a gut-brain bidirectional relationship, an indication of dysbiosis as a potential moderator between diet and depression may be a viable target for future interventions. The current study investigated the relationship between diet and depressive symptoms (DS) among older adults, as well as gender, and whether a symptom of dysbiosis, fecal incontinence severity (FIS), moderated this relationship...
November 24, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171643/nutritional-supplements-in-psychotic-disorders
#16
Vicent Balanzá Martínez
There is growing interest about the potential of diet and nutrients to improve the mental health of the population and for the treatment of psychiatric disorders. In the case of schizophrenia, the limitations of antipsychotic drugs to achieve adequate rates of clinical remission and functional recovery have promoted the search for complementary approaches. This narrative review approaches the dietary patterns and interventions in schizophrenia, efficacy of specific nutrients and therapeutic modulation of the gut microflora by probiotics...
September 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171640/nutritional-supplements-in-anxiety-disorder
#17
Mónica Fernández-Rodríguez, Isabel Rodríguez-Legorburu, María I López-Ibor Alcocer
In recent years, a direct relation between the occurrence of anxiety disorders, sleep disturbances, and mood disorders has been observed as a consequence of poor or inadequate diet. Eating habits in Western societies have greatly changed in recent decades, with an increase in the consumption of foods low in vitamin and mineral content, high in caloric value, and rapidly prepared and easily consumed. It may be that the new lifestyles that directly affect family organization and planning interfere with following a proper diet...
September 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171639/nutritional-supplements-in-depressive-disorders
#18
Mónica Martínez-Cengotitabengoa, Ana González-Pinto
There is increasing evidence about the role of nutrients in mental health. An adequate intake of nutrients contributes to better overall health and mental health in particular. Major depression is a severe mental illness with a high prevalence for which effective treatments exist but not in all cases the patient’s remission is achieved. Therefore, it is increasingly aimed at optimizing the supply of nutrients necessary for adequate brain functioning as adjunctive therapy to antidepressant treatment in depressive disorders...
September 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167769/differences-in-health-related-quality-of-life-and-mental-health-by-living-arrangement-among-korean-elderly-in-the-knhanes-2010-2012
#19
Yeunhee Kwak, Haekyung Chung, Yoonjung Kim
Background: This cross-sectional study examined the association between types of living arrangements, quality of life, and mental health of the Korean elderly. Methods: We used secondary data analysis from the data of 4248 elderly people aged 65 yr or older that completed the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2010-2012). Data concerning participants' demographic characteristics, living arrangements, quality of life, and mental health were used...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157568/providing-primary-care-using-an-interprofessional-collaborative-practice-model-what-clinicians-have-learned
#20
Cynthia S Selleck, Matthew Fifolt, Heidi Burkart, Jennifer Sandson Frank, William A Curry, Lisle S Hites
This article details a nurse-led, interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) model that was developed to provide primary care to a medically indigent population in Birmingham, Alabama. Funding to develop and implement this project came from a federal Nurse Education, Practice, Quality and Retention award to the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) School of Nursing, with additional support coming from the UAB Hospital and Health System. The clinic is housed within a local community-based, non-profit organization and all services, including supplies and pharmaceuticals, are provided free of charge to this vulnerable population...
November 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
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