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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446817/depression-in-tunisian-type-2-diabetic-patients-prevalence-and-association-to-glycemic-control-and-to-treatment-compliance
#1
Faten Ellouze, Rahma Damak, Mehdi El Karoui, Haifa Mami, Mohamed Fadhel M'rad, Ghada Hamdi, Abdelmajid Abid
AIM: to study the prevalence of depression in type 2 diabetes and to seek for a relationship between glycemic control and treatment adherence. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out at the outpatient department of the Tunis nutrition institute. A total of 100 diabetic patients followed for Type 2 diabetes were randomly recruited. We used a structured questionnaire to collect patients' socio-demographic, clinical and therapeutic data. The treatment adherence was assessed by using MAS, Glycemic control according to blood glucose and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels and depression and anxiety by administering a dialectal Arabic validated version of Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD)...
March 2017: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432506/eating-habits-and-nutritional-status-of-patients-with-affective-disorders-and-schizophrenia
#2
Ewa Stefańska, Magdalena Lech, Agnieszka Wendołowicz, Beata Konarzewska, Napoleon Waszkiewicz, Lucyna Ostrowska
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess the nutritional value of the food intake in the group of men and women suffering from recurrent affective disorders and schizophrenia, and also to determine the relation between selected nutritional parameters with anthropometric indices defining the nutritional status of the subjects. METHODS: 219 persons participated in the study (61 patients with recurrent depressive disorders, 60 patients with schizophrenia and 98 healthy volunteers)...
December 30, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432326/exercise-improves-physical-activity-and-comorbidities-in-obese-adults-with-asthma
#3
Patrícia Duarte Freitas, Aline Grandi Silva, Palmira Gabriele Ferreira, Analuci da Silva, João Marcos Salge, Regina Maria Carvalho-Pinto, Alberto Cukier, Claudia M Brito, Marcio C Mancini, Celso R F Carvalho
INTRODUCTION: Obese adults with asthma have an increased number of comorbidities and reduced daily life physical activity (DLPA), which may worsen asthma symptoms. Exercise is recommended to improve asthma outcomes; however, the benefits of exercise for psychosocial comorbidities and physical activity levels in obese adults with asthma have been poorly investigated. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of exercise on DLPA, asthma symptoms and psychosocial comorbidities in obese adults with asthma...
February 9, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432228/growth-and-pubertal-development-in-hiv-infected-adolescents
#4
Paige L Williams, Julie Jesson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We present an overview of recent research in the inter-related areas of growth and pubertal development among adolescents with HIV. Growth deficits early in childhood can lead to delayed puberty, with subsequent effects on pubertal growth spurts and bone health. RECENT FINDINGS: Impaired growth remains a critical concern, particularly in low-resource settings, where stunting, wasting and underweight remain pervasive. Antiretroviral treatment (ART) initiation results in improved growth, with greatest growth recovery in the first years and more improvement in weight than in height...
February 9, 2018: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429198/-effectiveness-of-integrated-early-childhood-development-intervention-on-nurturing-care-for-children-aged-0-35-months-in-rural-china
#5
H F Shi, J X Zhang, X L Wang, Y Y Xu, S L Dong, C X Zhao, X N Huang, Q Zhao, X F Chen, Y Zhou, Margo O'Sullivan, Ron Pouwels, Robert W Scherpbier
Objective: To explore whether Integrated Early Childhood Development (IECD) program has effectively improved the nurturing care for children aged 0-35 months in rural China. Methods: IECD has been implemented by the government of China with support from the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) in four poverty-stricken rural counties since 2014. The interventions targeting the five key components of nurturing care (i.e. child and caregiver health, child nutrition, early learning support, child protection and social security) were delivered through the IECD program to children aged 0 to 35 months and their caregivers...
February 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424753/ce-malnutrition-in-older-adults
#6
Ann Reed Mangels
An evidence-based review of risk factors, assessment, and intervention. ABSTRACT: Older adults are at risk for compromised nutritional status because of physical changes associated with aging, as well as cognitive, psychological, and social factors such as dementia, depression, isolation, and limited income. Malnutrition negatively affects quality of life, increases health care costs, and increases the risk of short-term mortality. Nurses and other members of interdisciplinary health care teams play important roles in preventing malnutrition in community-dwelling older adults and in older adults in long-term care settings...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423385/association-of-the-anxiety-depression-with-nutrition-intake-in-stroke-patients
#7
Yoonji Kim, Myung-Chul Kim, Hang-Sik Park, Il-Hoon Cho, Jean Kyung Paik
Stroke patients often experience a walking dysfunction caused by decreased mobility, weakened muscular strength, abnormal posture control, and cognitive dysfunction. Anxiety/depression is the most important and prevalent neuropsychiatric complication of stroke survivors. Brain injury and the presence of malnutrition after stroke contribute to metabolic status and clinical outcome of patients. We examined the level of nutrition intake in stroke patients according to their degree of anxiety/depression. The data were obtained from 2013 to 2015 through the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES)...
January 2018: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421445/relationships-between-allostatic-load-unhealthy-behaviors-and-depressive-disorder-in-u-s-adults-2005-2012-nhanes
#8
Erik J Rodriquez, Jennifer Livaudais-Toman, Steven E Gregorich, James S Jackson, Anna M Nápoles, Eliseo J Pérez-Stable
Unhealthy behaviors may modify relationships between chronic stress and depression among diverse older adults. We analyzed nationally representative cross-sectional data from participants aged 40-79 years of the 2005-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Unhealthy behaviors included current smoking, excessive/binge drinking, insufficient physical activity, and fair/poor diet. Allostatic load was defined by 10 biomarkers indicating the cumulative physiologic burden of stress. Depressive disorder was assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire...
February 5, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416322/quality-of-life-and-psychological-consequences-in-elderly-patients-after-a-hip-fracture-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Konstantinos I Alexiou, Andreas Roushias, Sokratis E Varitimidis, Konstantinos N Malizos
Fractures due to fragility of the bone around the hip joint have become a major public health issue, presenting with an increasing incidence due to the growth of the elderly population. The purpose of this review was to evaluate the impact of hip fractures on the quality of life (QoL), health status (HS), functioning, and psychological parameters, and factors influencing the outcome and the appropriate interventions for improvement of elderly patients. A systematic electronic search of the relevant literature was carried out using the CINAHL, Cochrane, EMBASE, Medline (OvidSP), and PubMed databases spanning the time period from their establishment up to January 2017...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409381/moving-towards-novel-multidisciplinary-approaches-for-improving-elderly-quality-of-life-the-emerging-role-of-telemedicine-in-sicily
#10
Giuseppa Maresca, Maria C De Cola, Santina Caliri, Rosaria De Luca, Alfredo Manuli, Ileana Scarcella, Giuseppe Silvestri, Placido Bramanti, Michele Torrisi, Rocco S Calabrò, Alessia Bramanti
Introduction Elderly care is a worldwide social and economic challenge for the public health system, and it requires the development of new management strategies. Telemedicine provides an innovative approach towards elderly care, especially for those with chronic diseases. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the potential role of a multidisciplinary telemedicine approach for improving elderly quality of life. Methods Twenty-two participants received weekly vital parameter monitoring and nutritional counselling, biweekly psychological counselling and a monthly consultation with a neurologist...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408018/cigarette-smoking-in-persons-living-with-hepatitis-c-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes-1999-2014
#11
Ryung S Kim, Andrea H Weinberger, Geetanjali Chander, Mark S Sulkowski, Brianna Norton, Jonathan Shuter
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is common in persons living with hepatitis C (hepatitis C+), but national statistics on this harmful practice are lacking. A better understanding of smoking behaviors in hepatitis C+ individuals may help in the development of targeted treatment strategies. METHODS: We extracted data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) between 1999-2014. Hepatitis C+ were compared to hepatitis C- adults in the entire sample and in the subset of current smokers...
January 30, 2018: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406247/tinnitus-depression-and-suicidal-ideation-in-adults-a-nationally-representative-general-population-sample
#12
Kyu-Man Han, Young-Hoon Ko, Cheolmin Shin, Jae-Hon Lee, June Choi, Do-Young Kwon, Ho-Kyoung Yoon, Changsu Han, Yong-Ku Kim
Tinnitus is strongly associated with psychiatric symptoms, including depression and suicidality. We aimed to further investigate the association of tinnitus with depressive mood and/or suicidal ideation, and explore the shared risk factors for these within a representative sample of the adult general population. We also investigated potential mediation pathways among tinnitus, suicidal ideation, depression, shared risk factors, and perceived stress levels. We analysed data from 28,930 adults (aged ≥19 years) from the fourth and fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES) conducted from 2008 to 2012 in South Korea...
March 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403649/a-protocol-for-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-feasibility-study-to-determine-whether-the-daily-consumption-of-flavonoid-rich-pure-cocoa-has-the-potential-to-reduce-fatigue-in-people-with-relapsing-and-remitting-multiple-sclerosis-rrms
#13
S Coe, J Collett, H Izadi, D T Wade, M Clegg, J M Harrison, E Buckingham, A Cavey, G C DeLuca, J Palace, H Dawes
Background: Dietary interventions including consumption of flavonoids, plant compounds found in certain foods, may have the ability to improve fatigue. However, to date, no well-designed intervention studies assessing the role of flavonoid consumption for fatigue management in people with MS (pwMS) have been performed. The hypothesis is that the consumption of a flavonoid-rich pure cocoa beverage will reduce fatigue in pwMS. The aim of this study is to determine the feasibility and potential outcome of running a trial to evaluate this hypothesis...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394459/treatment-of-co-occurring-food-avoidance-and-alcohol-use-disorder-in-an-adult-possible-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder
#14
Eloisa Steen, Tracey D Wade
OBJECTIVE: This case report details the presentation and treatment of a 42-year-old male self-presenting for treatment who reported having been a restrictive eater since childhood; since adolescence he had failed to meet appropriate nutritional intake with one meal at night followed by around 10-20 standard alcoholic drinks. METHOD: Ten sessions of cognitive behavioral therapy were offered emphasizing the need to adhere to regular eating patterns in conjunction with significant reduction of binge drinking...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390510/differentiation-of-direct-and-indirect-socioeconomic-effects-on-suicide-attempts-in-south-korea
#15
Myung Ki, Eui Seong Sohn, Byungduck An, Jiseun Lim
Despite the wide recognition of the inverse association between socioeconomic position (SEP) and suicidal behaviors, its underlying process and potential mediators are little known. This study investigated the pathway from SEP to suicide attempts with attention to potential mediators.From the Korean Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2013, which is a nationwide cross-sectional survey of the health and nutritional status, a total of 34,565 participants (≥30 years) were included in the analysis. To unfold the pathways linking SEP to suicide attempts, the direct and indirect effects of 3 SEP measures (educational attainment, household income, and occupational group) and 3 mediators (physical illness, mental health problems, and problematic drinking) were differentiated using structured equation model (SEM)...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385721/database-analysis-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-a-community-sample-response-to-a-micronutrient-intervention
#16
Samantha M Kimball, Naghmeh Mirhosseini, Julia Rucklidge
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are common mental health concerns worldwide. Broad-spectrum multi-vitamin/mineral approaches have been found to alleviate a number of psychiatric symptoms. We investigated the effects of a nutrient intervention program, which includes optimizing vitamin D levels, on depression and anxiety outcomes from community-based program. METHODS: We evaluated self-reported health measures of depression and anxiety collected as part of a community-based program focused on optimizing overall health through nutritional supplementation, education and lifestyle advice...
January 30, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385182/association-between-temporomandibular-disorders-chronic-diseases-and-ophthalmologic-and-otolaryngologic-disorders-in-korean-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Hyun-Seop Song, Joon-Shik Shin, Jinho Lee, Yoon Jae Lee, Me-Riong Kim, Jae-Heung Cho, Koh-Woon Kim, Yeoncheol Park, Hyun Jin Song, Sun-Young Park, Seoyoun Kim, Mia Kim, In-Hyuk Ha
INTRODUCTION: Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are common musculoskeletal conditions in the maxillofacial area. Although strong relationships between TMDs and other pain and diseases exist, few studies have comprehensively assessed the association between chronic diseases, ophthalmologic and otolaryngologic disorders and TMD. METHODS: Of 25,534 individuals included in the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2010-2012), 17,575 aged ≥20 years who completed survey items on TMD symptoms were included for cross-sectional analysis...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384940/relationship-between-obesity-and-depression-in-korean-adults-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2014
#18
Soo Min Hong, Yang-Im Hur
Previous studies on the relationship between obesity and depression have produced conflicting results. And only a limited number of studies have been conducted in Asians, and few large-scale nationwide studies have been conducted in Korean populations.We investigated the relationship between obesity and depression in Korean adults using data from a population-based sample from the 2014 Korea National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (KNHANES) by cross-sectional study.In total, 4026 subjects (1692 men, 2334 women) aged 19 to 69 years participated in the 2014 KNHANES...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383214/beneficial-effects-of-appropriate-sleep-duration-on-depressive-symptoms-and-perceived-stress-severity-in-a-healthy-population-in-korea
#19
Hyo-Min Kim, Sang Won Lee
Background: Recently, several institutions, including the American Academy of Sleep Medicine, the Sleep Research Society, and the National Sleep Foundation, have made consensus recommendations concerning appropriate sleep duration for adults. Although numerous studies conducted in Western populations have provided evidence of the harmful effects of short or long sleep duration on mental health, it is still unclear whether these consensus recommendations are appropriate in Korean culture...
January 2018: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382341/stress-induced-reproductive-arrest-in-drosophila-occurs-through-eth-deficiency-mediated-suppression-of-oogenesis-and-ovulation
#20
Matthew R Meiselman, Timothy G Kingan, Michael E Adams
BACKGROUND: Environmental stressors induce changes in endocrine state, leading to energy re-allocation from reproduction to survival. Female Drosophila melanogaster respond to thermal and nutrient stressors by arresting egg production through elevation of the steroid hormone ecdysone. However, the mechanisms through which this reproductive arrest occurs are not well understood. RESULTS: Here we report that stress-induced elevation of ecdysone is accompanied by decreased levels of ecdysis triggering hormone (ETH)...
January 30, 2018: BMC Biology
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