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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684301/association-between-tinnitus-and-mental-health-among-korean-adolescents-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#1
Ji-Su Kim
OBJECTIVES: The pathophysiology of tinnitus is not clearly understood, but its prevalence is relatively high. Persistent symptoms of tinnitus are linked to various mental health conditions, and in particular, tinnitus prevalence is high in Korean adolescents. Accordingly, this study aimed to reveal the associations between tinnitus and mental health in Korean adolescents using a nationally representative sample. METHODS: Original data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed by logistic regression analysis...
March 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684199/patterns-of-ses-health-disparities-among-older-adults-in-three-upper-middle-and-two-high-income-countries
#2
Mary McEniry, Rafael Samper-Ternent, Carmen Elisa Flórez, Renata Pardo, Carlos Cano-Gutierrez
Objectives: To examine the socioeconomic status (SES) health gradient for obesity, diabetes, and hypertension within a diverse group of health outcomes and behaviors among older adults (60+) in upper middle-income countries benchmarked with high-income countries. Method : We used data from three upper middle-income settings (Colombia-SABE-Bogotá, Mexico-SAGE, and South Africa-SAGE) and two high-income countries (England-ELSA and US-HRS) to estimate logistic regression models using age, gender, and education to predict health and health behaviors...
April 19, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678118/the-relationship-between-pulmonary-function-and-suicidal-ideation-in-korean-adults-a-nationwide-survey
#3
Min-Seok Seo, In Cheol Hwang, Jae-Yong Shim, Hong Yup Ahn, Sewan Kim
Controversy surrounds the association between lung function and mental health in the general population, and previous reported results were confounded by the effect of other chronic illnesses. This study aimed to investigate whether reduced lung function was related to mental health issues, taking into consideration the relevant potential confounders. We used data from the 2008-2013 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to examine the relationship between lung function and three mental issues (recognized stress, depressive mood, and suicidal ideation) among 22,068 Korean adults...
April 20, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675748/association-between-obesity-and-depressive-symptoms-in-mexican-population
#4
Gerardo A Zavala, Spyros Kolovos, Alessandro Chiarotto, Judith E Bosmans, Maiza Campos-Ponce, Jorge L Rosado, Olga P Garcia
PURPOSE: Obesity and depression are among the leading causes of disability in Mexico, but their association has not been explored yet. The aim of the current study was to investigate the association between obesity and depression in Mexican population. METHODS: We used data from the health and nutrition survey (ENSANUT 2012), which is representative of the Mexican population. Obesity was determined using the body mass index (BMI) and abdominal obesity by measuring waist circumference...
April 19, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669409/the-prevalence-of-chronic-physical-diseases-comorbid-with-depression-among-different-sex-and-age-groups-in-south-korea-a-population-based-study-2007-2014
#5
Se Jin Park, Seungyeon Hong, Hyesue Jang, Jung Won Jang, Boram Yuk, Chul Eung Kim, Subin Park
OBJECTIVE: People with depression often suffer from comorbid, chronic physical diseases. Little is known about how demographic characteristics such as age and sex influence the prevalence of chronic physical diseases comorbid with depression. Therefore, this study aimed to explore the age and sex differences in the prevalence of diverse, chronic physical diseases comorbid with depression. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey were conducted with the participants (n=45,598) of the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES)...
April 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664942/dietary-cyanogen-exposure-and-early-child-neurodevelopment-an-observational-study-from-the-democratic-republic-of-congo
#6
Espérance Kashala-Abotnes, Marie-Thérèse Sombo, Daniel L Okitundu, Marcel Kunyu, Guy Bumoko Makila-Mabe, Thorkild Tylleskär, Alla Sikorskii, Jean-Pierre Banea, Dieudonné Mumba Ngoyi, Désiré Tshala-Katumbay, Michael J Boivin
BACKGROUND: Dietary cyanogen exposure from ingesting bitter (toxic) cassava as a main source of food in sub-Saharan Africa is related to neurological impairments in sub-Saharan Africa. We explored possible association with early child neurodevelopmental outcomes. METHODS: We undertook a cross-sectional neurodevelopmental assessment of 12-48 month-old children using the Mullen Scale of Early Learning (MSEL) and the Gensini Gavito Scale (GGS). We used the Hopkins Symptoms Checklist-10 (HSCL-10) and Goldberg Depression Anxiety Scale (GDAS) to screen for symptoms of maternal depression-anxiety...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660440/the-long-term-effect-of-maternal-dietary-protein-restriction-on-5-ht-1a-receptor-function-and-behavioral-responses-to-stress-in-adulthood
#7
Wenrui Ye, Michael Duffy Pitlock, Martin A Javors, Brent Thompson, James D Lechleiter, Julie G Hensler
Maternal nutrition impacts fetal development, and may play a role in determining resilience to stress and vulnerability to stress-precipitated psychiatric disorders, such as anxiety and depression. In this study, we examined the effect of a reduction in maternal dietary protein during pregnancy on the brain neurochemistry and behavior of offspring. We focused specifically on the serotonin system, the 5-HT1A receptor and the responsivity of offspring as adults to stress. Dams were fed either a low protein diet (10% protein by weight) or isocaloric control diet (20% protein by weight)...
April 13, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659593/the-complexity-of-patients-hospitalized-in-internal-medicine-wards-evaluated-by-fadoi-complimed-score-s-a-hypothetical-approach
#8
Erminio Bonizzoni, Gualberto Gussoni, Giancarlo Agnelli, Raffaele Antonelli Incalzi, Moira Bonfanti, Franco Mastroianni, Marco Candela, Carlotta Franchi, Stefania Frasson, Antonio Greco, Micaela La Regina, Roberta Re, Giorgio Vescovo, Mauro Campanini
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to develop a new predictive model to measure complexity of patients in medical wards. SETTING: 29 Internal Medicine departments in Italy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study cohort was made of 541 consecutive patients hospitalized for any cause, aged more than 40 years and with at least two chronic diseases. First, we applied a hierarchical cluster analysis and the principal component analysis (PCA) to a panel of questionnaires [comorbidity (Charlson, CIRS), clinical stability (MEWS), social frailty (Flugelman), cognitive dysfunction (SPSMQ), depression (5-item GDS), functional dependence (ADL, IADL, Barthel), risk of sore threats (Exton-Smith scale), nutrition (MNA), pain (NRPS), adherence to therapy (Morisky scale)], in order to select domains informative for the definition of complexity...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648999/cord-blood-klotho-levels-are-inversely-associated-with-leptin-in-healthy-latino-neonates-at-risk-for-obesity
#9
Janet M Wojcicki, Aric A Prather, Elissa Epel, Dan Wang, Dena B Dubal
BACKGROUND: Klotho serum levels reflect nutritional state in adults including obesity and anorexia. The relationship between cord blood klotho levels at birth and parameters of growth including anthropometrics are not known. METHODS: We evaluated the relationship between cord blood klotho, leptin and adipocyte hormones and infant, child and maternal anthropometrics and maternal depression in a cohort of 73 children. Non-parametric tests were used to assess differences between dichotomous and categorical predictors and klotho levels and Spearman's rank coefficients were used to assess the relationship between klotho levels and continuous predictors...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624982/clinical-interventions-in-osteosarcopenic-obesity-nutrition-physical-and-psychological-activity
#10
Ana Isabel García-González, Zoraida Axtle-Serrano, Miriam López-Teros, Claudia Szlejf, Adrián Martínez-Ruiz, Oscar Rosas-Carrasco
Osteosarcopenic obesity (OSO) is a condition associated with adverse outcomes in older adults. Since it is a condition which includes three tissues (obesity, sarcopenia and osteopenia/osteoporosis), it requires simultaneous and multidisciplinary clinical interventions to revert it. Until this moment, there have been published review articles only focused on nutrition or physical activity. However, we believe that assembling the existing evidence on potential treatments (nutritional intervention with micro- and macronutrients), physical activity, farmacological treatment for osteopenia/osteoporosis, possible farmacological treatment for sarcopenia, and, finally, psychological interventions focused on the treatment of psychiatric comorbidities (such as anxiety or depression) will help healthcare providers to improve the body composition of older adults...
2018: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617753/an-examination-of-appetite-and-disordered-eating-in-active-crohn-s-disease
#11
Richard Anthony Wardle, Gita Thapaliya, Adam Nowak, Shellie Radford, Michelle Dalton, Graham Finlayson, Gordon W Moran
Background: Crohn's disease (CD) patients suffer from nutritional deficiencies when in active disease. We aim to examine calorific intake, macronutrient choice and disordered eating behaviour in patients with active CD. Methods: CD patients with matched healthy volunteers (HV) were recruited. Active disease was defined by faecal calprotectin >250ug/g, C-reactive protein >5mg/dl, or active disease seen on endoscopy or imaging. Symptoms were quantified by Harvey-Bradshaw Index (HBI)...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617489/longitudinal-study-on-the-lifestyle-and-health-of-university-students-eleseu-design-methodological-procedures-and-preliminary-results
#12
Patrícia Simone Nogueira, Márcia Gonçalves Ferreira, Paulo Rogério Melo Rodrigues, Ana Paula Muraro, Lídia Pitaluga Pereira, Rosangela Alves Pereira
Admission to a university may cause significant changes in the pattern of exposure to health risks. The aim of this paper is to describe the study design and methodological procedures adopted in the Longitudinal Study on the Lifestyle and Health of University Students (ELESEU). This study examines a dynamic cohort of full-time students at a public university in the State of Mato Grosso, Brazil. This research, which started in 2015, will have four years of follow-up and is scheduled to end in 2018. A self-administered questionnaire is applied, containing questions regarding demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, and information on health conditions and risk factors such as lifestyle, perceived stress, symptoms of depression, body image, risk behaviors for eating disorders, self-assessment of health and diet quality, and other issues related to nutrition and health...
March 29, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610515/demographic-and-dietary-associations-of-chronic-diarrhea-in-a-representative-sample-of-adults-in-the-united-states
#13
Prashant Singh, Shuji Mitsuhashi, Sarah Ballou, Vikram Rangan, Thomas Sommers, Vivian Cheng, Johanna Iturrino-Moreda, Daniel Friedlander, Judy Nee, Anthony Lembo
OBJECTIVES: No studies to date estimate the prevalence of chronic diarrhea in the United States using the Bristol stool form scale (BSFS). This study aims to report the prevalence and associated factors of chronic diarrhea using BSFS scores in a nationally representative sample of US adults. METHODS: We identified 5,246 adult participants (age ≥20 years) who completed the bowel health questionnaire in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2009-2010 data set...
April 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603504/a-high-quality-pedigree-and-genetic-markers-both-reveal-inbreeding-depression-for-quality-but-not-survival-in-a-cooperative-mammal
#14
David A Wells, Michael A Cant, Hazel J Nichols, Joseph I Hoffman
Inbreeding depression, the reduced fitness of offspring of closely related parents, is commonplace in both captive and wild populations and has important consequences for conservation and mating system evolution. However, because of the difficulty of collecting pedigree and life history data from wild populations, relatively few studies have been able to compare inbreeding depression for traits at different points in the life cycle. Moreover, pedigrees give the expected proportion of the genome that is identical by descent (IBDg ) whereas in theory with enough molecular markers realised IBDg  can be quantified directly...
March 30, 2018: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601485/biopsychosocial-assessment-of-pain-with-thermal-imaging-of-emotional-facial-expression-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#15
David Alberto Rodríguez Medina, Benjamín Domínguez Trejo, Patricia Cortés Esteban, Irving Armando Cruz Albarrán, Luis Alberto Morales Hernández, Gerardo Leija Alva
Background : Recent research has evaluated psychological and biological characteristics associated with pain in survivors of breast cancer (BC). Few studies consider their relationship with inflammatory activity. Voluntary facial expressions modify the autonomic activity and this may be useful in the hospital environment for clinical biopsychosocial assessment of pain. Methods: This research compared a BC survivors group under integral treatment (Oncology, Psychology, Nutrition) with a control group to assess the intensity of pain, behavioral interference, anxiety, depression, temperament-expression, anger control, social isolation, emotional regulation, and alexithymia and inflammatory activity, with salivary interleukin 6 (IL-6)...
March 30, 2018: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595826/pediatric-multiple-sclerosis-current-perspectives-on-health-behaviors
#16
REVIEW
Elizabeth Morghen Sikes, Robert W Motl, Jayne M Ness
Purpose: Pediatric-onset multiple sclerosis (POMS) accounts for ~5% of all multiple sclerosis cases, and has a prevalence of ~10,000 children in the USA. POMS is associated with a higher relapse rate, and results in irreversible disability on average 10 years earlier than adult-onset multiple sclerosis. Other manifestations of POMS include mental and physical fatigue, cognitive impairment, and depression. We believe that the health behaviors of physical activity, diet, and sleep may have potential benefits in POMS, and present a scoping review of the existing literature...
2018: Pediatric Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593798/depressive-symptoms-but-not-chronic-pain-have-an-impact-on-the-survival-of-patients-undergoing-maintenance-hemodialysis
#17
Mariusz Kusztal, Ewa Trafidło, Katarzyna Madziarska, Hanna Augustyniak-Bartosik, Maciej Karczewski, Waclaw Weyde, Magdalena Krajewska, Joanna Rymaszewska, Marian Klinger
Introduction: More than 1/3 of patients with end-stage renal disease who are in a chronic dialysis program suffer from chronic pain and depression/anxiety. The aim of the study was to determine the impacts of symptoms of depression/anxiety, chronic pain and quality of life (QoL) on 6-year patient survival. Material and methods: Observational study of end-stage renal disease patients on maintenance hemodialysis ( n = 205) who met the inclusion criteria. Patients from three dialysis centers in Lower Silesia were asked to complete a battery of validated questionnaires: the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), the 36-item Short Form Health Survey Questionnaire, the Verbal Rating Scale (VRS) and the Visual Analog Scale (VAS)...
March 2018: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593206/psychiatric-findings-in-suspected-and-confirmed-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-patients-quarantined-in-hospital-a-retrospective-chart-analysis
#18
Hyun-Chung Kim, So-Young Yoo, Bun-Hee Lee, So Hee Lee, Hyoung-Shik Shin
Objective: Little is known about the psychiatric complications or risk factors for depression in suspected or confirmed Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) patients quarantined in hospital. Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed of all the patients admitted to the acute MERS inpatient unit at the NMC during the 2015 outbreak. Results: 30 (75%) were confirmed to be MERS-CoV positive among 40 admitted cases. Among the 24 MERS survivors, 17 (70...
March 30, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589340/influence-of-nutritional-status-on-the-absorption-of-polyphyllin-i-an-anticancer-candidate-from-paris-polyphylla-in-rats
#19
Feng-Ling Yu, Wei-Liang Gong, Fang-Jiang Xu, Jun-Wen Wu, Shailendra Shakya, He Zhu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Protein-calorie malnutrition (PCM) is one of the most suffered complications in cancer patients. Polyphyllin I (PPI), a saponin isolated from rhizome of Paris polyphylla, is a potential candidate in cancer therapy. In this study, the influence of nutritional status on the absorption of PPI in rats was explored after oral administration. METHODS: PCM rats, namely mal-nourished (MN) rats, were induced from well-nourished (WN) rats by caloric restriction protocol...
March 28, 2018: European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587356/dietary-patterns-and-their-relationship-with-frailty-in-functionally-independent-older-adults
#20
Mónica Machón, Maider Mateo-Abad, Kalliopi Vrotsou, Xabier Zupiria, Carolina Güell, Leonor Rico, Itziar Vergara
The impact of dietary patterns rather than single foods or nutrients on health outcomes is increasingly recognized. This cross-sectional study examines the dietary patterns of 527 non-institutionalized functionally independent older people aged ≥70 years from Gipuzkoa (Spain). Sociodemographic characteristics, health status, anthropometric measures and dietary data are collected. Multiple correspondence analysis (MCA) and cluster analysis are performed to identify dietary patterns and groups of individuals...
March 24, 2018: Nutrients
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