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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905600/rehabilitation-for-cancer-survivors-how-we-can-reduce-the-healthcare-service-inequality-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#1
Sumadi Lukman Anwar, Guritno Adistyawan, Wahyu Wulaningsih, Christoph Gutenbrunner, Boya Nugraha
Cancer diagnosis often substantially affects patient's physical, psychological, and emotional status. The majority of cancer patients experience declining of energy, activity levels, social-cultural participation and relationships. In addition, cancer progression and side effects of aggressive cancer treatment often cause debilitating pain, fatigue, weakness, joint stiffness, depression, emotional instability, limited mobility, poor nutritional status, skin breakdown, bowel dysfunction, swallowing difficulty, and lymphedema leading into functional impairment and disability that can be addressed through rehabilitation care...
June 13, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905590/are-college-students-told-by-health-care-providers-about-their-risk-factors-for-developing-diabetes
#2
Jennifer L Saylor, Christina J Calamaro, Thomas Hardie, Michelle Ness, Janice Selekman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Communication about risk factors for diabetes between nurse practitioners and college students may not be occurring as the prevalence of Type 2 diabetes increases. The purpose of this secondary analysis was to evaluate if college students are being told of their risk for diabetes based on known risk factors of weight, sleep, and depressive symptoms. METHODS: Descriptive, cross-sectional study was completed using National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2012...
June 4, 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903797/association-between-sleep-duration-and-stroke-prevalence-in-korean-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Min-Young Kim, Seunghoon Lee, You Ho Myong, Yoon Jae Lee, Me-Riong Kim, Joon-Shik Shin, Jinho Lee, In-Hyuk Ha
OBJECTIVES: Although sleep, chronic disease and its related mortality are extensively studied areas, the association between stroke and sleep duration is relatively unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between long and short sleep duration and stroke prevalence. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Adult surveyees (aged ≥19 years) who answered items relating to sleep duration and stroke in the 2010-2014 Korean National Health and Nutrition Surveys (n=17 601)...
June 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902734/depressive-symptoms-handgrip-strength-and-weight-status-in-us-older-adults
#4
Lee Smith, Stephanie White, Brendon Stubbs, Liang Hu, Nicola Veronese, Davy Vancampfort, Mark Hamer, Benjamin Gardner, Lin Yang
BACKGROUND: Handgrip strength is a valid indicator of broader physical functioning. Handgrip strength and weight status have been independently associated with depressive symptoms in older adults, but no study has yet investigated the relationships between all three in older US adults. This study investigated the relationship between physical function and depressive symptoms by weight status in older US adults. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were analysed from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey waves 2011 to 2012 and 2013 to 2014...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902214/body-weight-perception-disordered-weight-control-behaviors-and-depressive-symptoms-among-korean-adults-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2014
#5
Yongjoo Kim, S Bryn Austin, S V Subramanian, Ichiro Kawachi
BACKGROUND/ PURPOSE: Despite emerging evidence suggesting harmful influences of accurate weight perception on psychological health among individuals with obesity, little is known about the association in Asian populations. The aim of this study was investigate the association between body weight perception and depressive symptoms among Korean adults, and potential differential associations across gender. METHODS: We used data from the sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2014, comprising 3,318 female (n = 1,876) and male (n = 1,442) participants, aged 19-65 years, with no history of depression and a body-mass index (BMI)> = 18...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896627/prevalence-of-prescription-medications-with-depression-as-a-potential-adverse-effect-among-adults-in-the-united-states
#6
Dima Mazen Qato, Katharine Ozenberger, Mark Olfson
Importance: Prescription medications are increasingly used among adults in the United States and many have a potential for causing depression. Objectives: To characterize use of prescription medications with depression as a potential adverse effect and to assess associations between their use and concurrent depression. Design, Setting, and Participants: Five 2-year cycles (2005-2006 through 2013-2014) of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, representative cross-sectional surveys of US adults aged 18 years or older, were analyzed for use of medications with depression as a potential adverse effect...
June 12, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895003/depression-and-physical-frailty-have-additive-effect-on-the-nutritional-status-and-clinical-outcome-of-chinese-peritoneal-dialysis
#7
Cheuk-Chun Szeto, Gordon Chun-Kau Chan, Jack Kit-Chung Ng, Kai-Ming Chow, Bonnie Ching-Ha Kwan, Phyllis Mei-Shan Cheng, Vickie Wai-Ki Kwong, Man-Ching Law, Chi-Bon Leung, Philip Kam-Tao Li
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Frailty and depression both contribute to malnutrition and adverse clinical outcome of peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. However, their interaction is incompletely defined. METHODS: We studied 178 adult Chinese PD patients. Physical frailty was assessed by a validated in-house questionnaire; depressive symptoms was screened by the Geriatric Depression Scale; nutritional status was determined by subjective global assessment (SGA) and malnutrition inflammation score (MIS)...
June 7, 2018: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891566/intimate-partner-violence-depression-and-child-growth-and-development
#8
Hind H Neamah, Christopher Sudfeld, Dana Charles McCoy, Günther Fink, Wafaie W Fawzi, Honorati Masanja, Goodarz Danaei, Alfa Muhihi, Sylvia Kaaya, Mary C Smith Fawzi
BACKGROUND: Evidence on the relationship between maternal depression and exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) with child physical growth and development is equivocal. Our aim in the current study is to examine these relationships among women and their children in Tanzania. METHODS: The Bayley Scales of Infant Development and anthropometric measures were used to assess children 18 to 36 months of age ( n = 1031). Maternal exposure to IPV and depression were assessed using the Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey questionnaire and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9, respectively...
June 11, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890739/association-between-serum-vitamin-levels-and-depression-in-u-s-adults-20-years-or-older-based-on-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2005%C3%A2-2006
#9
Xiaomin Huang, Yun Fan, Xiumei Han, Zhenyao Huang, Mingming Yu, Yan Zhang, Qiaoqiao Xu, Xiuzhu Li, Xinru Wang, Chuncheng Lu, Yankai Xia
Depression is one of the leading causes of disability around the world. Although several studies have been conducted to analyze the association between vitamins and depression, the results have been inconsistent. Based on the database of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) (2005⁻2006), a cross-sectional analysis was conducted to uncover the correlations between serum vitamin concentrations and depression in 2791 participants over 20 years of age. Vitamin concentrations in serum were measured by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), a standardized liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) or radioassay kit method...
June 9, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889516/energy-regulated-nutritive-and-antioxidant-properties-during-the-germination-and-sprouting-of-broccoli-sprouts-brassica-oleracea-var-italica
#10
Lin Chen, Glenna Jue Tong Tan, Xinyi Pang, Wenqian Yuan, Shaojuan Lai, Hongshun Yang
The role of energy status in germination and sprouting of broccoli seeds was investigated by exogenous ATP and DNP treatments. With the synthesis of adenylates from 38.82 to 142.69 mg • 100 g-1 DW, the nutritive components (soluble sugar, proteins, pigments and phenolics) and AAs were increased during germination and early sprouting (day 5). Elements of BoSnRK2 pathway were down-regulated by more than 2 folds under the energy charge feedback inhibition. At the end of sprouting (day 7), energy depletion resulted in slowdown or reduced nutritional accumulation and antioxidant capacities...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888829/prevent-2-nd-stroke-a-pilot-study-of-an-online-secondary-prevention-program-for-stroke-survivors
#11
Alexandra M J Denham, Sean Halpin, Laura Twyman, Ashleigh Guillaumier, Billie Bonevski
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of modifiable health risk factors and psychological distress following a stroke is high and markedly increase the chance of a second stroke. This study aimed to examine the usability and acceptability of an online secondary prevention program addressing modifiable psycho-behavioural risk factors for stroke survivors. METHODS: A pre-post pilot study was conducted in Australia between 2016 and 2017. Participants were recruited through the Australian Stroke Clinical Registry and completed measures of health-related quality of life, physical activity, smoking status, depression and anxiety, alcohol status, nutrition and internet use...
June 11, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880002/life-satisfaction-among-elderly-patients-in-nepal-associations-with-nutritional-and-mental-well-being
#12
Saruna Ghimire, Binaya Kumar Baral, Isha Karmacharya, Karen Callahan, Shiva Raj Mishra
BACKGROUND: Nepal's demography is aging rapidly, yet few studies to date have examined how this has affected the health and well-being of the elderly, defined as those above 60 years in Nepal's Senior Citizen Act (2006). Our study, abbreviated NepEldQOLII, aims to assess perceived life satisfaction, and evaluate its relationship with nutritional health and mental well-being among the burgeoning Nepalese elderly population. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey among 289 Nepalese elderly, aged ≥60 years, attending an outpatient clinic of a hospital in Kathmandu, Nepal was conducted...
June 7, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879207/are-mechanical-turk-worker-samples-representative-of-health-status-and-health-behaviors-in-the-u-s
#13
Kelly Walters, Dimitri A Christakis, Davene R Wright
INTRODUCTION: Amazon's Mechanical Turk (MTurk) is frequently used to administer health-related surveys and experiments at a low cost, but little is known about its representativeness with regards to health status and behaviors. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey comprised of questions from the nationally-representative 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) and 2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) was administered to 591 MTurk workers and 393 masters in 2016...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879035/self-reported-exhaustion-physical-activity-and-grip-strength-predict-frailty-transitions-in-older-outpatients-with-chronic-diseases
#14
Yu-Ching Pao, Chin-Ying Chen, Ching-I Chang, Ching-Yu Chen, Jaw-Shiun Tsai
Effective screening instruments are necessary for evaluating the outcomes of early interventions for the prevention or delay of disability in older persons. This study examined how transitions in frailty items over 1 year and the baseline components of a comprehensive geriatric assessment were associated with improvements in frailty at a 2-year follow-up in a sample of older patients.This was a single-center prospective observational study of older patients aged 65 years and over with chronic diseases (n = 103), who were followed through a hospital-based program over 2 years...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870956/subjective-incompetence-as-a-predictor-of-treatment-outcomes-in-eating-disorder-outpatients
#15
Lucia Tecuta, Elena Tomba
Eating disorder (ED) patients are frequently characterized by feelings of inefficacy. The aims of the present study were to investigate subjective incompetence and whether its early modification in therapy is associated with treatment response in terms of both psychological distress and well-being. Sixty female ED outpatients undergoing cognitive-behaviorally-based treatment integrated with nutritional rehabilitation were evaluated using: Subjective Incompetence Scale (SIS), Eating Attitudes Test (EAT), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II), and Psychological Well-being Scales (PWB)...
May 23, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870270/impact-of-gut-microbiota-on-neurological-diseases-diet-composition-and-novel-treatments
#16
Ana Larroya-García, Diana Navas-Carrillo, Esteban Orenes-Piñero
Gut microbiota has significant effects on the structure and function of the enteric and central nervous system including human behaviour and brain regulation. Herein, we analyze the role of this intestinal ecosystem, the effects of dietary changes and the administration of nutritional supplements, such as probiotics, prebiotics, or fecal transplantation in neuropsychiatric disorders. Numerous factors have been highlighted to influence gut microbiota composition, including genetics, health status, mode of birth delivery and environment...
June 5, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868383/anaerobic-muscle-strengthening-physical-activity-and-depression-severity-among-usa-adults
#17
Causenge Cangin, Randall Harris, Philip Binkley, Judith Schwartzbaum, Brian Focht
We investigated the association between depression and anaerobic physical activity (while controlling aerobic physical activity), using a nationally representative sample of USA adults ( n  = 7354) who participated in the cross sectional National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES, 1999-2006). We defined depression using the validated "Patient Health Questionnaire" (PHQ9 ) scale of 0-27 as PHQ9   ≥  10. Severity of depression was classified by clinically established PHQ9 levels: mild (5-9), dysthymic (10-14), moderate (15-19), and major depression ( ≥ 20)...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29867764/the-impact-of-initial-energy-reserves-on-growth-hormone-resistance-and-plasma-growth-hormone-binding-protein-levels-in-rainbow-trout-under-feeding-and-fasting-conditions
#18
Björn Thrandur Björnsson, Ingibjörg Eir Einarsdóttir, Marcus Johansson, Ningping Gong
The growth hormone (GH)-insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) system regulates important physiological functions in salmonid fish, including hydromineral balance, growth, and metabolism. While major research efforts have been directed toward this complex endocrine system, understanding of some key aspects is lacking. The aim was to provide new insights into GH resistance and growth hormone-binding proteins (GHBPs). Fish frequently respond to catabolic conditions with elevated GH and depressed IGF-I plasma levels, a condition of acquired GH resistance...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864112/hand-grip-strength-and-cognitive-function-among-elderly-cancer-survivors
#19
Lin Yang, Ai Koyanagi, Lee Smith, Liang Hu, Graham A Colditz, Adetunji T Toriola, Guillermo Felipe López Sánchez, Davy Vancampfort, Mark Hamer, Brendon Stubbs, Thomas Waldhör
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the associations of handgrip strength and cognitive function in cancer survivors ≥ 60 years old using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). METHODS: Data in two waves of NHANES (2011-2014) were aggregated. Handgrip strength in kilogram (kg) was defined as the maximum value achieved using either hand. Two cognitive function tests were conducted among adults 60 years and older. The Animal Fluency Test (AFT) examines categorical verbal fluency (a component of executive function), and the Digital Symbol Substitution test (DSST) assesses processing speed, sustained attention, and working memory...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29862312/using-telemedicine-to-identify-depressive-symptomatology-rating-scale-in-a-home-parenteral-nutrition-population
#20
Natasia Adams, Nancy Hamilton, Eve-Lynn Nelson, Carol E Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Technology in Behavioral Science
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