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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016262/association-of-5-httlpr-polymorphism-with-the-nursing-diagnoses-and-the-achievement-of-nursing-outcomes-in-patients-with-major-depression
#1
Margarita Prokofieva, Georgia Karadima, Evmorfia Koukia, Vassiliki Michou, Chrysoula Kyprianidou, Chrysovalantis V Papageorgiou, Evangelos Alexiadis, Pantelis Constantoulakis, Dimitris Dikeos
The aim of this study is to investigate whether a 44-base-pair insertion/deletion polymorphism in the upstream regulatory region of the serotonin transporter gene (5-HTTLPR) is associated with the nursing diagnoses and the achievement of the desired nursing outcomes in inpatients with major depression. Thirty five patients were evaluated. The nursing diagnoses of risk for suicide and imbalanced nutrition are reported less often in homozygotes of the high-expressing gene (LA). Carriers of the low-expressing genes (LG or S) have a worse response to interventions which aim to increase low self-esteem, indicating that they may need more intensive care in order to achieve the desired outcome...
October 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016235/telemedicine-support-groups-for-home-parenteral-nutrition-users
#2
Eve-Lynn Nelson, Donna Macan Yadrich, Noreen Thompson, Shawna Wright, Kathaleen Stone, Natasia Adams, Marilyn Werkowitch, Carol E Smith
Patients receiving home parenteral nutrition (HPN), a life-sustaining intravenous (IV) infusion that provides nourishment and hydration to patients with short gut or inflammatory bowel diseases, are often isolated and not in visual contact with peers or health providers. One completed clinical trial (Clinical Trials.gov NCT0190028) and 1 ongoing clinical trial (Clinical Trials.gov NCT02987569) are evaluating a mobile videoconferencing-delivered support group intervention for patients on HPN and their caregivers...
October 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992568/self-rated-health-and-associated-factors-in-elderly-patients-with-non-hodgkin-lymphoma
#3
Lívia Maria Santiago, Daniel Richard Mercante, Inês Echenique Mattos
BACKGROUND: Self-rated health is a useful indicator for understanding health issues in elderly populations and considered to be a predictor of adverse health outcomes in this group. This study aims to identify factors associated with self-rated health in elderly people with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. METHODS: Cross-sectional study performed at a cancer referral hospital in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, included 162 patients, aged 60 or more years. All patients received a Multidimensional Geriatric Assessment, including seven health dimensions, and socio-demographic, epidemiological and it were collected clinical data...
October 6, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991146/effect-of-caregiver-training-on-the-neurodevelopment-of-hiv-exposed-uninfected-children-and-caregiver-mental-health-a-ugandan-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Michael J Boivin, Noeline Nakasujja, Itziar Familiar-Lopez, Sarah M Murray, Alla Sikorskii, Jorem Awadu, Cilly Shohet, Deborah Givon, Horacio Ruiseñor-Escudero, Elizabeth E Schut, Robert O Opoka, Judith K Bass
OBJECTIVE: Early childhood development programs typically combine healthy nutrition and cognitive stimulation in an integrated model. We separately delivered these 2 components in a cluster-randomized controlled trial to evaluate their comparative effectiveness in promoting healthy child development and caregiver mental health. This is the first study to do so for HIV-affected children and their infected mothers. METHODS: Two hundred twenty-one HIV-exposed but uninfected child (2-3 years old) and caregiver dyads in 18 geographic clusters in Eastern Uganda were randomized by cluster to receive biweekly individualized sessions of either (1) Mediational Intervention for Sensitizing Caregivers (MISC) training emphasizing cognitive stimulation or (2) Uganda Community Based Association for Child Welfare (UCOBAC) program that delivered health and nutrition training...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989153/-preoperational-nutritional-status-for-the-children-with-congenital-heart-disease-and-the-influential-factors
#5
Chunxiang Qin, Juan Jiang, Ying Li, Dianjun Wang, Jiarui Chen, Siyuan Tang
To investigate the preoperational nutritional condition for the children with congenital heart disease, and to analyze the relevant factors.
 Methods: According to the standards of WHO, the Z-scores was used to assess the nutritional condition for the children, and the generational information questionnaire, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Self-Rating Depression Scale and Parent Understanding Questionnaire were used to analyze the maternal factors.
 Results: Stunting, underweighting and wasting represented the poor nutritional conditions, which accounted for 28...
September 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988944/efficacy-of-adding-nutritional-supplements-in-unipolar-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Cora Schefft, Laura L Kilarski, Tom Bschor, Stephan Köhler
In this article, we aimed to assess the efficacy of adjunctive administration of nutritional supplements to antidepressants by means of a systematic review and meta-analysis. The supplements included were inositol, vitamin D, folic acid, vitamin B12, S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAMe), omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) and zinc. A structured database search (MEDLINE, EBSCO, CENTRAL, Web of Science) was performed using terms for the respective substances in conjunction with terms for depression and the mode of treatment ("add-on" OR "adjunctive" OR "augmentation")...
October 5, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984484/the-perceptions-of-the-causes-of-cardiac-diseases-a-taxonomy
#7
Massimo Miglioretti, Claudia Meroni, Giacomo Baiardo, Gaia Savioli, Veronica Velasco
OBJECTIVE: This study verifies whether the open-ended question of the B-IPQ can collect causal attributions of patients with cardiac diseases, define the more frequent causal attributions reported, classify them and describe the relation between the classification of the causes and patients' characteristics. DESIGN: A group of 2011 patients with cardiac diseases was recruited during the first week of cardiac rehabilitation. PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Every participant filled in the B-IPQ and the HADS...
October 6, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976396/-nutrition-in-elderly-patients-with-cardiovascular-diseases
#8
Deniz Suna Erdinçler, Suna Avcı
Elderly population is rapidly increasing in Turkey as well as in the world. There are a number of factors that affect the nutritional status of elderly. Factors such as physiological changes that occur with aging, socioeconomic factors, dementia, depression, large number of chronic illnesses and excessive use of drugs, and low intake of food on the grounds of illness affect the feeding of elderly. Cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension, ischemic heart disease and heart failure are more common in elderly and nutrition in these diseases is important in terms of mortality and morbidity...
September 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975531/the-effectiveness-of-strength-based-solution-focused-brief-therapy-in-medical-settings-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#9
REVIEW
Anao Zhang, Cynthia Franklin, Jennifer Currin-McCulloch, Sunyoung Park, Johnny Kim
This meta-analysis synthesized randomized controlled trials of solution focused brief therapy (SFBT) in medical settings for patients' health-related psychosocial (e.g., depression, psychosocial adjustment to illness), behavioral (e.g., physical activity, nutrition score), and functional health (e.g., BMI, individual strength) outcomes. Medical setting is defined in this study as any healthcare setting that primarily focuses on patients' physical wellbeing. A comprehensive search strategy across five electronic databases, four academic journals, three professional websites, and reference lists of included articles resulted in a final sample of nine studies for meta-analytic synthesis...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974741/age-specific-association-between-body-mass-index-and-depression-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-knhanes-2014
#10
J Oh, J-H Chae, T-S Kim
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Decades of research have investigated the association between body mass index (BMI) and depression. Although it has been suggested that obesity lowers the risk of depression in elderly adults, the association of overweight and obesity with depression across age groups remains controversial. Thus, we aimed to investigate how the odds of depression vary between BMI groups in the general population. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In this study, data were collected from the sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey of 2014 (KNHANES VI; n=7550), and 4932 adults were included in the study sample...
October 4, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972245/multi-domains-lifestyle-interventions-reduces-depressive-symptoms-among-frail-and-pre-frail-older-persons-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
T P Ng, M S Z Nyunt, L Feng, L Feng, M Niti, B Y Tan, G Chan, S A Khoo, S M Chan, P Yap, K B Yap
BACKGROUND: We investigated the effect of multi-domain lifestyle (physical, nutritional, cognitive) interventions among frail and pre-frail community-living older persons on reducing depressive symptoms. METHOD: Participants aged 65 and above were randomly allocated to 24 weeks duration interventions with nutritional supplementation (N=49), physical training (N=48), cognitive training (N=50), combination intervention (N=49) and usual care control (N=50). Depressive symptoms were assessed by the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15) at baseline (0M), 3 month (3M), 6 month (6M) and 12 month (12M)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965957/differences-in-the-association-between-persistent-pathogens-and-mood-disorders-among-young-to-middle-aged-women-and-men-in-the-u-s
#12
Amanda M Simanek, Amy Parry, Jennifer B Dowd
BACKGROUND: A growing literature supports the role of immune system alterations in the etiology of mood regulation, yet there is little population-based evidence regarding the association between persistent pathogens, inflammation and mood disorders among younger women and men in the U.S. METHODS: We used data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III on individuals 15-39 years of age assessed for major depression, dysthymia, and/or bipolar disorder I and tested for cytomegalovirus (N=6825), herpes simplex virus (HSV)-1 (N=5618) and/orHelicobacter pylori(H...
September 28, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960042/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-depression-in-general-population-of-korea-results-from-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2014
#13
Cheolmin Shin, Yoonjung Kim, Suyeon Park, Seoyoung Yoon, Young Hoon Ko, Yong Ku Kim, Seung Hyun Kim, Sang Won Jeon, Changsu Han
Depressive disorder is a common mental illness and remains a major cause of morbidity worldwide. The present study, a cross-sectional, nationwide, population-based survey assessed the prevalence of depression in the general population of Korea through a random sampling of the non-institutionalized population for the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) VI. The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-9 was first introduced into the KNHANES to detect depression. The point prevalence of depression (PHQ score of 10 or higher) was 6...
November 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942748/nutritional-psychiatry-the-present-state-of-the-evidence
#14
Wolfgang Marx, Genevieve Moseley, Michael Berk, Felice Jacka
Mental illness, including depression, anxiety and bipolar disorder, accounts for a significant proportion of global disability and poses a substantial social, economic and heath burden. Treatment is presently dominated by pharmacotherapy, such as antidepressants, and psychotherapy, such as cognitive behavioural therapy; however, such treatments avert less than half of the disease burden, suggesting that additional strategies are needed to prevent and treat mental disorders. There are now consistent mechanistic, observational and interventional data to suggest diet quality may be a modifiable risk factor for mental illness...
September 25, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935430/-health-care-needs-and-barriers-in-seeking-medical-care-for-global-health-and-sexual-and-reproductive-health-among-students-from-f%C3%A3-lix-houphou%C3%A3-t-boigny-university-abidjan-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#15
M Inghels, P A Coffie, J Larmarange
BACKGROUND: In Ivory Coast, little is known about health needs and health access barriers among young people. The aim of this study was to describe health provision, health needs and barriers when seeking medical care, with an emphasis on sexual and reproductive health, and the acceptability of a medical examination for students attending their first year at the Houphouët-Boigny University, Abidjan, Ivory Coast. METHODS: We conducted a representative cross-sectional study among second year students who were selected by two-stage equiprobable random sampling...
September 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928168/factors-that-support-successful-transition-to-the-community-among-women-leaving-prison-in-british-columbia-a-prospective-cohort-study-using-participatory-action-research
#16
Patricia A Janssen, Mo Korchinski, Sarah L Desmarais, Arianne Y K Albert, Lara-Lisa Condello, Marla Buchanan, Alison Granger-Brown, Vivian R Ramsden, Lynn Fels, Jane A Buxton, Carl Leggo, Ruth Elwood Martin
BACKGROUND: In Canada, the number of women sentenced to prison has almost doubled since 1995. In British Columbia, the rate of reincarceration is 70% within 2 years. Our aim was to identify factors associated with recidivism among women in British Columbia. METHODS: We prospectively followed women after discharge from provincial corrections centres in British Columbia. We defined recidivism as participation in criminal activity disclosed by participants during the year following release...
September 13, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927517/health-related-quality-of-life-and-mental-health-of-adults-with-atopic-dermatitis
#17
Yeunhee Kwak, Yoonjung Kim
AIM: This cross-sectional study aimed to examine the association between the prevalence of atopic dermatitis in Korean adults and their health-related quality of life and mental health. METHODS: Data from a nationally representative sample of 11,913 adults who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey V (2010-2012) were analyzed by using SAS version 9.3. RESULTS: The adults with atopic dermatitis had significantly lower quality of life and higher stress than did those without it...
October 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923236/emergency-nurses-knowledge-and-self-rated-practice-skills-when-caring-for-older-patients-in-the-emergency-department
#18
Helen Rawson, Paul N Bennett, Cherene Ockerby, Alison M Hutchinson, Julie Considine
BACKGROUND: Older adults are high users of emergency department services and their care requirements can present challenges for emergency nurses. Although clinical outcomes for older patients improve when they are cared for by nurses with specialist training, emergency nurses' knowledge and self-assessment of care for older patients is poorly understood. AIM: To assess emergency nurses' knowledge and self-rating of practice when caring for older patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional self-report survey of emergency nurses (n=101) in Melbourne, Australia...
September 8, 2017: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922729/lithium-induced-oxidative-damage-and-inflammation-in-the-rat-s-heart-protective-effect-of-grape-seed-and-skin-extract
#19
Ali Mezni, Hanène Aoua, Olfa Khazri, Ferid Limam, Ezzeddine Aouani
Lithium (Li) is a relevant mood stabilizer metal for the treatment of bipolar disorder (BD), as it protects from both depression and mania and reduces the risk of suicide. However, Lihas some clinical concerns as a narrow therapeutic index requiring routine monitoring of the serum level. The present study was designed to analyze the cardio-toxic side effect of Li and the ability of grape seed and skin extract (GSSE) to protect the heart against such toxicity. After 30days of exposure to Li (0, 2, 5 and 100mg/kg bw) and prevention with GSSE (4000mg/kg bw), rats were killed by decapitation and their heart processed for Li-induced oxidative stress...
September 14, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919733/cycle-ergometer-and-inspiratory-muscle-training-offer-modest-benefit-compared-with-cycle-ergometer-alone-a-comprehensive-assessment-in-stable-copd-patients
#20
Kai Wang, Guang-Qiao Zeng, Rui Li, Yu-Wen Luo, Mei Wang, Yu-He Hu, Wen-Hui Xu, Lu-Qian Zhou, Rong-Chang Chen, Xin Chen
BACKGROUND: Cycle ergometer training (CET) has been shown to improve exercise performance of the quadriceps muscles in patients with COPD, and inspiratory muscle training (IMT) may improve the pressure-generating capacity of the inspiratory muscles. However, the effects of combined CET and IMT remain unclear and there is a lack of comprehensive assessment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-one patients with COPD were randomly allocated to three groups: 28 received 8 weeks of CET + IMT (combined training group), 27 received 8 weeks of CET alone (CET group), and 26 only received 8 weeks of free walking (control group)...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
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