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"depression" and "nutritional supplementation"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713687/group-psychological-intervention-for-maternal-depression-a-nested-qualitative-study-from-karachi-pakistan
#1
Nusrat Husain, Nasim Chaudhry, Christine Furber, Hina Fayyaz, Tayyeba Kiran, Farah Lunat, Raza Ur Rahman, Saira Farhan, Batool Fatima
AIM: To understand the experience of maternal depression, the factors implicated in accessing health, and the acceptability of the psychosocial intervention. METHODS: The participants were recruited from the paediatrics outpatient department of Civil Hospital Karachi, Pakistan. The study started in December 2009 and completed in December 2010. Women with maternal depression, aged 18-44 years with children aged 0-30 mo who had received nutritional supplements, and participated in the intervention programme [called Learning through Play (LTP) plus] were included in the study...
June 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547854/nucleus-accumbens-functional-connectivity-at-age-20-is-associated-with-trajectory-of-adolescent-cannabis-use-and-predicts-psychosocial-functioning-in-young-adulthood
#2
Sarah D Lichenstein, Samuel Musselman, Daniel S Shaw, Stephanie Sitnick, Erika E Forbes
AIMS: To identify trajectories of cannabis use across adolescence, 2) to measure the influence of cannabis use characteristics on functional connectivity of the nucleus accumbens (NAcc), and 3) to assess whether patterns of functional connectivity related to cannabis use are associated with psychosocial functioning 2 years later. DESIGN: The Pitt Mother & Child Project (PMCP) is a prospective, longitudinal study of male youth at high risk for psychopathology based on family income and gender...
May 26, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390725/comparison-of-a-commercially-available-oral-nutritional-supplement-and-intravenous-fluid-therapy-for-dehydration-in-dairy-calves
#3
Jared D Taylor, Merel Rodenburg, Timothy A Snider
Calf scours is a primary cause of morbidity and mortality in the dairy industry. Effective treatments are needed to minimize death, maximize welfare, and maintain growth and productivity. The objective of this trial was to compare the efficacy of a commercially available nutritional supplement (Diaque, Boehringer-Ingelheim Vetmedica Inc., St. Joseph, MO) and i.v. lactated Ringer's solution (LRS) in rehydrating, preventing acidemia, and correcting electrolyte imbalances in an experimental model for calf scours...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278598/transactional-associations-among-maternal-depression-parent-child-coercion-and-child-conduct-problems-during-early-childhood
#4
Katherine A Hails, Julia D Reuben, Daniel S Shaw, Thomas J Dishion, Melvin N Wilson
Maternal depression is among the most consistent and well-replicated risk factors for negative child outcomes, particularly in early childhood. Although children of depressed mothers are at an increased risk of adjustment problems, conversely, children with emotional or behavioral problems also have been found to adversely compromise maternal functioning, including increasing maternal depression. The purpose of this investigation was to examine transactional associations among maternal depression, parent-child coercive interaction, and children's conduct and emotional problems in early childhood using a cross-lagged panel model...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030474/therapeutic-benefits-of-the-methyl-donor-s-adenosylmethionine-on-nerve-injury-induced-mechanical-hypersensitivity-and-cognitive-impairment-in-mice
#5
Stéphanie Grégoire, Magali Millecamps, Lina Naso, Sonia Do Carmo, A Claudio Cuello, Moshe Szyf, Laura S Stone
Despite considerable advances in understanding mechanisms involved in chronic pain, effective treatment remains elusive. Comorbid conditions including anxiety, depression, and cognitive impairment further impact quality of life. Chronic pain is associated with reversible changes in brain anatomy and function and with long-term changes in gene expression. Epigenetic mechanisms, including DNA methylation, contribute to wide-spread and long-lasting reprogramming of gene expression. We previously reported decreases in global DNA methylation in the mouse frontal cortex 6 months after induction of neuropathic pain using the spared nerve injury (SNI) model...
May 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026042/early-childhood-predictors-of-low-income-boys-pathways-to-antisocial-behavior-in-childhood-adolescence-and-early-adulthood
#6
Daniel S Shaw, Mary Gilliam
Guided by a bridging model of pathways leading to low-income boys' early starting and persistent trajectories of antisocial behavior, the current article reviews evidence supporting the model from early childhood through early adulthood. Using primarily a cohort of 310 low-income boys of families recruited from Women, Infants, and Children Nutrition Supplement centers in a large metropolitan area followed from infancy to early adulthood and a smaller cohort of boys and girls followed through early childhood, we provide evidence supporting the critical role of parenting, maternal depression, and other proximal family risk factors in early childhood that are prospectively linked to trajectories of parent-reported conduct problems in early and middle childhood, youth-reported antisocial behavior during adolescence and early adulthood, and court-reported violent offending in adolescence...
January 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980495/probiotics-and-disease-a-comprehensive-summary-part-1-mental-and-neurological-health
#7
REVIEW
Keren E Dolan, Heather J Finley, Cathleen M Burns, Margaret G Gasta, Crystal M Gossard, Emily C Parker, Jessica M Pizano, Christy B Williamson, Elizabeth A Lipski
This article series provides a literature review of the disease-specific probiotic strains studied in published clinical trials in humans and animals. The goal of the series is to provide clinically useful tools. The table designs allow for quick access to supportive data related to disease states and will be helpful as a guide for both researchers and clinicians. This first article (part 1) focuses on mental health and neurological conditions. Future articles in this series will review conditions related to cardiometabolic and fatigue syndromes; ear, nose, throat, respiratory, and infectious diseases; immune and dermatological conditions; cancer, gastrointestinal and genitourinary; followed by an article focused on food-based probiotic strains and nutritional supplements...
October 2016: Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583423/complementary-integrative-therapies-that-work-a-review-of-the-evidence
#8
REVIEW
Benjamin Kligler, Raymond Teets, Melissa Quick
Significant evidence supports the effectiveness and safety of several complementary or integrative treatment approaches to common primary care problems. Acupuncture is effective in the management of chronic low back pain. Mind-body interventions such as cognitive behavior therapy, yoga, tai chi, qi gong, and music therapy may be helpful for treating insomnia. Exercise can reduce anxiety symptoms. Herbal preparations and nutritional supplements can be useful as first-line therapy for certain conditions, such as fish oil for hypertriglyceridemia, St...
September 1, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27355911/nutritional-supplements-for-people-being-treated-for-active-tuberculosis
#9
REVIEW
Liesl Grobler, Sukrti Nagpal, Thambu D Sudarsanam, David Sinclair
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis and malnutrition are linked in a complex relationship. Tuberculosis may cause undernutrition through increased metabolic demands and decreased intake, and nutritional deficiencies may worsen the disease, or delay recovery by depressing important immune functions. At present, there is no evidence-based nutritional guidance for adults and children being treated for tuberculosis. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of oral nutritional supplements in people being treated with antituberculous drug therapy for active tuberculosis...
June 29, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27175080/anxiety-and-depression-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-6-month-follow-up-study
#10
Yi-Shan Wu, Pao-Yen Lin, Chih-Yen Chien, Fu-Min Fang, Nien-Mu Chiu, Chi-Fa Hung, Yu Lee, Mian-Yoon Chong
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess psychiatric morbidities of patients with head and neck cancer (HNC) in a prospective study at pretreatment, and 3 and 6 months after treatment, and to compare their health-related quality of life (HRQL) between those with and without depressive disorders (depression). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with newly diagnosed HNC from a tertiary hospital were recruited into the study. They were assessed for psychiatric morbidities using the Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26995510/-other-therapeutic-strategies
#11
REVIEW
Ghassen Saba, Isabel Nieto, Rémy Bation, Najib Allaïli, Djamila Bennabi, Fanny Moliere, Raphaëlle Richieri, Jérôme Holtzmann, Maxime Bubrovszky, Vincent Camus, Thomas Charpeaud, Philippe Courtet, Pierre Courvoisier, Frédéric Haesebaert, Olivier Doumy, Wissam El-Hage, Marion Garnier, Thierry d'Amato, Thierry Bougerol, Christophe Lançon, Emmanuel Haffen, Pierre-Michel Llorca, Guillaume Vaiva, Frank Bellivier, Marion Leboyer, Bruno Aouizerate
Non-selective and irreversible MAOI have become as third or fourth-line strategy for the management of treatment-resistant depression. Non-selective and irreversible MAOI requires careful monitoring of drug interactions and dietary restrictions. Nutritional supplements such as omega-3 have been found to produce beneficial effects in the management of treatment-resistant depression when administered in combination with the ongoing antidepressant treatment. The glutamate antagonist ketamine has been found to produce beneficial effects in the management of treatment-resistant depression while administered alone...
March 2016: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26976087/nutrition-and-lifestyle-intervention-on-mood-and-neurological-disorders
#12
Gary Null, Luanne Pennesi, Martin Feldman
This group study explored how an intervention of diet and lifestyle, including a vegan diet, fruit and vegetable juicing, nutritional supplements, regular exercise, and destressing techniques, would affect 27 subjects with anxiety, depression, poor memory, dementia, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, history of stroke, or multiple sclerosis. Several subjects had overlapping conditions. Videotaped testimonials were obtained describing subjective results. Testimonials stated multiple benefits across all conditions addressed by the study, with subjects often reporting substantial benefits...
January 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26885946/managing-malnutrition-in-older-persons-residing-in-care-homes-nutritional-and-clinical-outcomes-following-a-screening-and-intervention-program
#13
Christopher G Mountford, Arthur C O Okonkwo, Kathryn Hart, Nick P Thompson
This study aimed to establish prevalence of malnutrition in older adult care home residents and investigate whether a nutritional screening and intervention program could improve nutritional and clinical outcomes. A community-based cohort study was conducted in five Newcastle care homes. 205 participants entered; 175 were followed up. Residents already taking oral nutritional supplements (ONS) were excluded from interventions. Those with Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) score of 1 received dietetic advice and ≥2 received dietetic advice and were prescribed ONS (220 ml, 1...
2016: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26872560/exercise-the-lifelong-supplement-for-healthy-ageing-and-slowing-down-the-onset-of-frailty
#14
REVIEW
Jose Viña, Leocadio Rodriguez-Mañas, Andrea Salvador-Pascual, Francisco José Tarazona-Santabalbina, Mari Carmen Gomez-Cabrera
The beneficial effects of exercise have been well recognized for over half a century. Dr Jeremy Morris's pioneering studies in the fifties showed a striking difference in cardiovascular disease between the drivers and conductors on the double-decker buses in London. These studies sparked off a vast amount of research on the effects of exercise in health, and the general consensus is that exercise contributes to improved outcomes and treatment for several diseases including osteoporosis, diabetes, depression and atherosclerosis...
April 15, 2016: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26840379/the-role-of-diet-and-nutritional-supplementation-in-perinatal-depression-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Thalia M Sparling, Nicholas Henschke, Robin C Nesbitt, Sabine Gabrysch
This article presents a systematic literature review on whether dietary intake influences the risk for perinatal depression, i.e. depression during pregnancy or post-partum. Such a link has been hypothesized given that certain nutrients are important in the neurotransmission system and pregnancy depletes essential nutrients. PubMed, EMBASE and CINAHL databases were searched for relevant articles until 30 May 2015. We included peer-reviewed studies of any design that evaluated whether perinatal depression is related to dietary intake, which was defined as adherence to certain diets, food-derived intake of essential nutrients or supplements...
January 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26457568/creatine-as-a-novel-treatment-for-depression-in-females-using-methamphetamine-a-pilot-study
#16
Tracy L Hellem, Young-Hoon Sung, Xian-Feng Shi, Marjorie A Pett, Gwen Latendresse, Jubel Morgan, Rebekah S Huber, Danielle Kuykendall, Kelly J Lundberg, Perry F Renshaw
OBJECTIVE: Depression among methamphetamine users is more prevalent in females than males, but gender-specific treatment options for this comorbidity have not been described. Reduced brain phosphocreatine levels have been shown to be lower in female methamphetamine users compared to males, and, of relevance, studies have demonstrated an association between treatment-resistant depression and reduced brain phosphocreatine concentrations. The nutritional supplement creatine monohydrate has been reported to reduce symptoms of depression in female adolescents and adults taking antidepressants, as well as to increase brain phosphocreatine in healthy volunteers...
2015: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26389105/to-identify-myocardial-changes-in-severely-malnourished-children-a-prospective-observational-study
#17
Neeraj Kumar, Aakash Pandita, Deepak Sharma, Anita Kumari, Smita Pawar, Kishour Kumar Digra
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this study is to identify the myocardial changes in severely malnourished children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective, observational study, conducted for a period of 1 year, enrolled 200 children (120 males and 80 females) between 6 months and 5 years of age with severe protein-energy malnutrition, according to the criteria of the World Health Organization. The parents were duly informed, the study was explained and written consent was obtained...
2015: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26371775/pretreatment-depression-as-a-prognostic-indicator-of-survival-and-nutritional-status-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer
#18
Shin-Ae Kim, Jong-Lyel Roh, Sang-Ah Lee, Sang-Wook Lee, Sung-Bae Kim, Seung-Ho Choi, Soon Yuhl Nam, Sang Yoon Kim
BACKGROUND: The emotional status of cancer patients is associated with disease course and treatment outcomes. In this study, the authors evaluated associations between the presence of pretreatment depression and pretreatment quality of life (QOL), nutritional status, and survival outcomes in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). METHODS: For this prospective study, 241 patients with previously untreated HNSCC who underwent curative treatments were enrolled...
January 1, 2016: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26349908/-vitamins-and-nutritional-supplements-in-older-persons-how-to-diagnose-and-when-to-substitute
#19
REVIEW
D Polivka, C A F von Arnim
Despite an excellent food supply in Germany, a large percentage of older persons living at home or institutionalized older persons suffer from or are at risk for malnutrition. The purpose of this article is to highlight the association between nutrient deficiencies and age-related diseases and give rational recommendations for substitution. Both malnutrition and low levels of specific nutrients are associated with cognitive and functional impairment, dementia, and depression in older persons. Most prevalent are deficiencies in vitamin B1, vitamin B12, and vitamin D...
November 2015: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26302250/a-family-based-intervention-for-improving-children-s-emotional-problems-through-effects-on-maternal-depressive-symptoms
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Julia D Reuben, Daniel S Shaw, Lauretta M Brennan, Thomas J Dishion, Melvin N Wilson
OBJECTIVE: This study focused on whether a brief family-based intervention for toddlers, the Family Check-Up (FCU), designed to address parent management skills and prevent early conduct problems, would have collateral effects on maternal depressive symptoms and subsequent child emotional problems. METHOD: Parents with toddlers were recruited from the Women, Infants, and Children Nutritional Supplement Program based on the presence of socioeconomic, family, and child risk (N = 731)...
December 2015: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
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