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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583423/complementary-integrative-therapies-that-work-a-review-of-the-evidence
#1
Benjamin Kligler, Raymond Teets, Melissa Quick
Significant evidence supports the effectiveness and safety of several complementary or integrative treatment approaches to common primary care problems. Acupuncture is effective in the management of chronic low back pain. Mind-body interventions such as cognitive behavior therapy, yoga, tai chi, qi gong, and music therapy may be helpful for treating insomnia. Exercise can reduce anxiety symptoms. Herbal preparations and nutritional supplements can be useful as first-line therapy for certain conditions, such as fish oil for hypertriglyceridemia, St...
September 1, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27355911/nutritional-supplements-for-people-being-treated-for-active-tuberculosis
#2
REVIEW
Liesl Grobler, Sukrti Nagpal, Thambu D Sudarsanam, David Sinclair
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis and malnutrition are linked in a complex relationship. Tuberculosis may cause undernutrition through increased metabolic demands and decreased intake, and nutritional deficiencies may worsen the disease, or delay recovery by depressing important immune functions. At present, there is no evidence-based nutritional guidance for adults and children being treated for tuberculosis. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of oral nutritional supplements in people being treated with antituberculous drug therapy for active tuberculosis...
June 29, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27175080/anxiety-and-depression-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-6-month-follow-up-study
#3
Yi-Shan Wu, Pao-Yen Lin, Chih-Yen Chien, Fu-Min Fang, Nien-Mu Chiu, Chi-Fa Hung, Yu Lee, Mian-Yoon Chong
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess psychiatric morbidities of patients with head and neck cancer (HNC) in a prospective study at pretreatment, and 3 and 6 months after treatment, and to compare their health-related quality of life (HRQL) between those with and without depressive disorders (depression). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with newly diagnosed HNC from a tertiary hospital were recruited into the study. They were assessed for psychiatric morbidities using the Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26995510/-other-therapeutic-strategies
#4
REVIEW
Ghassen Saba, Isabel Nieto, Rémy Bation, Najib Allaïli, Djamila Bennabi, Fanny Moliere, Raphaëlle Richieri, Jérôme Holtzmann, Maxime Bubrovszky, Vincent Camus, Thomas Charpeaud, Philippe Courtet, Pierre Courvoisier, Frédéric Haesebaert, Olivier Doumy, Wissam El-Hage, Marion Garnier, Thierry d'Amato, Thierry Bougerol, Christophe Lançon, Emmanuel Haffen, Pierre-Michel Llorca, Guillaume Vaiva, Frank Bellivier, Marion Leboyer, Bruno Aouizerate
Non-selective and irreversible MAOI have become as third or fourth-line strategy for the management of treatment-resistant depression. Non-selective and irreversible MAOI requires careful monitoring of drug interactions and dietary restrictions. Nutritional supplements such as omega-3 have been found to produce beneficial effects in the management of treatment-resistant depression when administered in combination with the ongoing antidepressant treatment. The glutamate antagonist ketamine has been found to produce beneficial effects in the management of treatment-resistant depression while administered alone...
March 2016: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26976087/nutrition-and-lifestyle-intervention-on-mood-and-neurological-disorders
#5
Gary Null, Luanne Pennesi, Martin Feldman
This group study explored how an intervention of diet and lifestyle, including a vegan diet, fruit and vegetable juicing, nutritional supplements, regular exercise, and destressing techniques, would affect 27 subjects with anxiety, depression, poor memory, dementia, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, history of stroke, or multiple sclerosis. Several subjects had overlapping conditions. Videotaped testimonials were obtained describing subjective results. Testimonials stated multiple benefits across all conditions addressed by the study, with subjects often reporting substantial benefits...
January 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26885946/managing-malnutrition-in-older-persons-residing-in-care-homes-nutritional-and-clinical-outcomes-following-a-screening-and-intervention-program
#6
Christopher G Mountford, Arthur C O Okonkwo, Kathryn Hart, Nick P Thompson
This study aimed to establish prevalence of malnutrition in older adult care home residents and investigate whether a nutritional screening and intervention program could improve nutritional and clinical outcomes. A community-based cohort study was conducted in five Newcastle care homes. 205 participants entered; 175 were followed up. Residents already taking oral nutritional supplements (ONS) were excluded from interventions. Those with Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) score of 1 received dietetic advice and ≥2 received dietetic advice and were prescribed ONS (220 ml, 1...
2016: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26872560/exercise-the-lifelong-supplement-for-healthy-ageing-and-slowing-down-the-onset-of-frailty
#7
Jose Viña, Leocadio Rodriguez-Mañas, Andrea Salvador-Pascual, Francisco José Tarazona-Santabalbina, Mari Carmen Gomez-Cabrera
The beneficial effects of exercise have been well recognized for over half a century. Dr Jeremy Morris's pioneering studies in the fifties showed a striking difference in cardiovascular disease between the drivers and conductors on the double-decker buses in London. These studies sparked off a vast amount of research on the effects of exercise in health, and the general consensus is that exercise contributes to improved outcomes and treatment for several diseases including osteoporosis, diabetes, depression and atherosclerosis...
April 15, 2016: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26840379/the-role-of-diet-and-nutritional-supplementation-in-perinatal-depression-a-systematic-review
#8
Thalia M Sparling, Nicholas Henschke, Robin C Nesbitt, Sabine Gabrysch
: This article presents a systematic literature review on whether dietary intake influences the risk for perinatal depression, i.e. depression during pregnancy or post-partum. Such a link has been hypothesized given that certain nutrients are important in the neurotransmission system and pregnancy depletes essential nutrients. PubMed, EMBASE and CINAHL databases were searched for relevant articles until 30 May 2015. We included peer-reviewed studies of any design that evaluated whether perinatal depression is related to dietary intake, which was defined as adherence to certain diets, food-derived intake of essential nutrients or supplements...
February 3, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26457568/creatine-as-a-novel-treatment-for-depression-in-females-using-methamphetamine-a-pilot-study
#9
Tracy L Hellem, Young-Hoon Sung, Xian-Feng Shi, Marjorie A Pett, Gwen Latendresse, Jubel Morgan, Rebekah S Huber, Danielle Kuykendall, Kelly J Lundberg, Perry F Renshaw
OBJECTIVE: Depression among methamphetamine users is more prevalent in females than males, but gender-specific treatment options for this comorbidity have not been described. Reduced brain phosphocreatine levels have been shown to be lower in female methamphetamine users compared to males, and, of relevance, studies have demonstrated an association between treatment-resistant depression and reduced brain phosphocreatine concentrations. The nutritional supplement creatine monohydrate has been reported to reduce symptoms of depression in female adolescents and adults taking antidepressants, as well as to increase brain phosphocreatine in healthy volunteers...
2015: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26389105/to-identify-myocardial-changes-in-severely-malnourished-children-a-prospective-observational-study
#10
Neeraj Kumar, Aakash Pandita, Deepak Sharma, Anita Kumari, Smita Pawar, Kishour Kumar Digra
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this study is to identify the myocardial changes in severely malnourished children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective, observational study, conducted for a period of 1 year, enrolled 200 children (120 males and 80 females) between 6 months and 5 years of age with severe protein-energy malnutrition, according to the criteria of the World Health Organization. The parents were duly informed, the study was explained and written consent was obtained...
2015: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26371775/pretreatment-depression-as-a-prognostic-indicator-of-survival-and-nutritional-status-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer
#11
Shin-Ae Kim, Jong-Lyel Roh, Sang-Ah Lee, Sang-Wook Lee, Sung-Bae Kim, Seung-Ho Choi, Soon Yuhl Nam, Sang Yoon Kim
BACKGROUND: The emotional status of cancer patients is associated with disease course and treatment outcomes. In this study, the authors evaluated associations between the presence of pretreatment depression and pretreatment quality of life (QOL), nutritional status, and survival outcomes in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). METHODS: For this prospective study, 241 patients with previously untreated HNSCC who underwent curative treatments were enrolled...
January 1, 2016: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26349908/-vitamins-and-nutritional-supplements-in-older-persons-how-to-diagnose-and-when-to-substitute
#12
REVIEW
D Polivka, C A F von Arnim
Despite an excellent food supply in Germany, a large percentage of older persons living at home or institutionalized older persons suffer from or are at risk for malnutrition. The purpose of this article is to highlight the association between nutrient deficiencies and age-related diseases and give rational recommendations for substitution. Both malnutrition and low levels of specific nutrients are associated with cognitive and functional impairment, dementia, and depression in older persons. Most prevalent are deficiencies in vitamin B1, vitamin B12, and vitamin D...
November 2015: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26302250/a-family-based-intervention-for-improving-children-s-emotional-problems-through-effects-on-maternal-depressive-symptoms
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Julia D Reuben, Daniel S Shaw, Lauretta M Brennan, Thomas J Dishion, Melvin N Wilson
OBJECTIVE: This study focused on whether a brief family-based intervention for toddlers, the Family Check-Up (FCU), designed to address parent management skills and prevent early conduct problems, would have collateral effects on maternal depressive symptoms and subsequent child emotional problems. METHOD: Parents with toddlers were recruited from the Women, Infants, and Children Nutritional Supplement Program based on the presence of socioeconomic, family, and child risk (N = 731)...
December 2015: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26276557/a-consistent-s-adenosylmethionine-force-field-improved-by-dynamic-hirshfeld-i-atomic-charges-for-biomolecular-simulation
#14
David Adrian Saez, Esteban Vöhringer-Martinez
S-Adenosylmethionine (AdoMet) is involved in many biological processes as cofactor in enzymes transferring its sulfonium methyl group to various substrates. Additionally, it is used as drug and nutritional supplement to reduce the pain in osteoarthritis and against depression. Due to the biological relevance of AdoMet it has been part of various computational simulation studies and will also be in the future. However, to our knowledge no rigorous force field parameter development for its simulation in biological systems has been reported...
October 2015: Journal of Computer-aided Molecular Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26044464/the-vitality-independence-and-vigor-in-the-elderly-2-study-vive2-design-and-methods
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Dylan R Kirn, Afsaneh Koochek, Kieran F Reid, Åsa von Berens, Thomas G Travison, Sara Folta, Jennifer Sacheck, Miriam Nelson, Christine Liu, Edward Phillips, Anna Cristina Åberg, Margaretha Nydahl, Thomas Gustafsson, Tommy Cederholm, Roger A Fielding
BACKGROUND: Nutritional supplementation may potentiate the increase in skeletal muscle protein synthesis following exercise in healthy older individuals. Whether exercise and nutrition act synergistically to produce sustained changes in physical functioning and body composition has not been well studied, particularly in mobility-limited older adults. METHODS: The VIVE2 study was a multi-center, randomized controlled trial, conducted in the United States and Sweden...
July 2015: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25913919/a-review-of-nutrient-treatments-for-paediatric-depression
#16
REVIEW
Adrian L Lopresti
Paediatric depression is estimated to affect 15-20% of youths prior to adulthood and is associated with significant social, educational and physical impairment. Current treatments comprise moderately efficacious psychological therapies and pharmaceutical antidepressants. However, nutritional therapies are also available and are regularly sought by people with depressive illnesses and parents of depressed youths. In this narrative review, studies examining the antidepressant effects of individual nutritional supplements in child and adolescent populations are appraised...
August 1, 2015: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25761159/a-review-of-treatment-options-for-co-occurring-methamphetamine-use-disorders-and-depression
#17
Tracy L Hellem, Kelly J Lundberg, Perry F Renshaw
Co-occurring methamphetamine use and depression interferes with treatment outcomes. Female methamphetamine users are known to have higher rates of depression than male methamphetamine users, although this is also true for the general population. There are limited treatment options for the management of depression among methamphetamine users. In this integrative review, we summarize data on treatment strategies for co-occurring depression and methamphetamine use disorders. English-language articles were identified from PsychINFO, CINAHL, PubMed, and Medline as well as from reference lists of key articles...
January 2015: Journal of Addictions Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25747997/the-effect-of-six-months-of-elastic-band-resistance-training-nutritional-supplementation-or-cognitive-training-on-chromosomal-damage-in-institutionalized-elderly
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Bernhard Franzke, Barbara Halper, Marlene Hofmann, Stefan Oesen, Béatrice Pierson, Ariane Cremer, Evelyn Bacher, Birgit Fuchs, Andreas Baierl, Anela Tosevska, Eva-Maria Strasser, Barbara Wessner, Karl-Heinz Wagner
Increased DNA and chromosomal damage are linked to aging and age-related diseases like cardiovascular diseases, diabetes or cancer. Physical activity and an optimal status of micro- and macronutrients are known to reduce the incidence of MN, a marker for chromosomal instability and mutagenicity. Once older people reach a certain age they change from a home-living situation to an institutionalized situation, which is often accompanied by malnutrition, depression and inactivity. We conducted the current study to investigate the effect of a six month progressive resistance training (RT), with or without protein and vitamin supplementation (RTS) or cognitive training (CT) only, on chromosomal damage measured by the cytokinesis block micronucleus cytome assay in 97 Austrian institutionalized women and men (65-98years)...
May 2015: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25732222/compliance-of-nursing-home-residents-with-a-nutrient-and-energy-dense-oral-nutritional-supplement-determines-effects-on-nutritional-status
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
I Jobse, Y Liao, M Bartram, K Delantonio, W Uter, P Stehle, C C Sieber, D Volkert
OBJECTIVES: Administration of oral nutritional supplements (ONS) is an effective strategy to treat and avoid malnutrition, a persisting issue in nursing homes. However, little is known about compliance in the NH population. This study aimed to analyse the effects of compliance of NH residents with a low-volume, nutrient- and energy-dense ONS on nutritional status and to identify residents' characteristics associated with compliance. DESIGN AND SETTING: Randomized, controlled trial in nursing homes...
March 2015: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25606644/nutrition-and-anabolic-pharmacotherapies-in-the-care-of-burn-patients
#20
REVIEW
Abdikarim Abdullahi, Marc G Jeschke
Thermal injury is a devastating injury that results in a number of pathological alterations in almost every system in the body. Hypermetabolism, muscle wasting, depressed immunity, and impaired wound healing are all clinical features of burns. Failure to address each of these specific pathological alterations can lead to increased mortality. Nutrition supplementation has been recommended as a therapeutic tool to help attenuate the hypermetabolism and devastating catabolism evident following burn. Despite the wide consensus on the need of nutrition supplementation in burn patients, controversy exists with regard to the type and amount of nutrition recommended...
October 2014: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
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