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"mental health" and "nutritional supplements"

Samantha M Kimball, Naghmeh Mirhosseini, Julia Rucklidge
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are common mental health concerns worldwide. Broad-spectrum multi-vitamin/mineral approaches have been found to alleviate a number of psychiatric symptoms. We investigated the effects of a nutrient intervention program, which includes optimizing vitamin D levels, on depression and anxiety outcomes from community-based program. METHODS: We evaluated self-reported health measures of depression and anxiety collected as part of a community-based program focused on optimizing overall health through nutritional supplementation, education and lifestyle advice...
January 30, 2018: Nutrients
Vicent Balanzá Martínez
There is growing interest about the potential of diet and nutrients to improve the mental health of the population and for the treatment of psychiatric disorders. In the case of schizophrenia, the limitations of antipsychotic drugs to achieve adequate rates of clinical remission and functional recovery have promoted the search for complementary approaches. This narrative review approaches the dietary patterns and interventions in schizophrenia, efficacy of specific nutrients and therapeutic modulation of the gut microflora by probiotics...
September 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
Mónica Fernández-Rodríguez, Isabel Rodríguez-Legorburu, María I López-Ibor Alcocer
In recent years, a direct relation between the occurrence of anxiety disorders, sleep disturbances, and mood disorders has been observed as a consequence of poor or inadequate diet. Eating habits in Western societies have greatly changed in recent decades, with an increase in the consumption of foods low in vitamin and mineral content, high in caloric value, and rapidly prepared and easily consumed. It may be that the new lifestyles that directly affect family organization and planning interfere with following a proper diet...
September 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
Mónica Martínez-Cengotitabengoa, Ana González-Pinto
There is increasing evidence about the role of nutrients in mental health. An adequate intake of nutrients contributes to better overall health and mental health in particular. Major depression is a severe mental illness with a high prevalence for which effective treatments exist but not in all cases the patient’s remission is achieved. Therefore, it is increasingly aimed at optimizing the supply of nutrients necessary for adequate brain functioning as adjunctive therapy to antidepressant treatment in depressive disorders...
September 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
Aaron J Stevens, Julia J Rucklidge, Martin A Kennedy
Many aspects of human development and disease are influenced by the interaction between genetic and environmental factors. Understanding how our genes respond to the environment is central to managing health and disease, and is one of the major contemporary challenges in human genetics. Various epigenetic processes affect chromosome structure and accessibility of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) to the enzymatic machinery that leads to expression of genes. One important epigenetic mechanism that appears to underlie the interaction between environmental factors, including diet, and our genome, is chemical modification of the DNA...
May 29, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
Daniel S Shaw, Mary Gilliam
Guided by a bridging model of pathways leading to low-income boys' early starting and persistent trajectories of antisocial behavior, the current article reviews evidence supporting the model from early childhood through early adulthood. Using primarily a cohort of 310 low-income boys of families recruited from Women, Infants, and Children Nutrition Supplement centers in a large metropolitan area followed from infancy to early adulthood and a smaller cohort of boys and girls followed through early childhood, we provide evidence supporting the critical role of parenting, maternal depression, and other proximal family risk factors in early childhood that are prospectively linked to trajectories of parent-reported conduct problems in early and middle childhood, youth-reported antisocial behavior during adolescence and early adulthood, and court-reported violent offending in adolescence...
January 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
Keren E Dolan, Heather J Finley, Cathleen M Burns, Margaret G Gasta, Crystal M Gossard, Emily C Parker, Jessica M Pizano, Christy B Williamson, Elizabeth A Lipski
This article series provides a literature review of the disease-specific probiotic strains studied in published clinical trials in humans and animals. The goal of the series is to provide clinically useful tools. The table designs allow for quick access to supportive data related to disease states and will be helpful as a guide for both researchers and clinicians. This first article (part 1) focuses on mental health and neurological conditions. Future articles in this series will review conditions related to cardiometabolic and fatigue syndromes; ear, nose, throat, respiratory, and infectious diseases; immune and dermatological conditions; cancer, gastrointestinal and genitourinary; followed by an article focused on food-based probiotic strains and nutritional supplements...
October 2016: Integrative Medicine
R Visvanathan, C Piantadosi, K Lange, V Naganathan, P Hunter, I D Cameron, I Chapman
OBJECTIVE: In a pilot single centre study we found that treatment of undernourished older, community dwelling people for one year with oral testosterone (placebo-controlled) and a nutritional supplement (no control) was associated with a significant reduction in hospitalizations. A larger, multicentre study was conducted to investigate further this potentially important finding. DESIGN: One year, randomized, placebo-controlled, multi-centre, double-blind, trial...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Lia C H Fernald, Emanuela Galasso, Jumana Qamruddin, Christian Ranaivoson, Lisy Ratsifandrihamanana, Christine P Stewart, Ann M Weber
BACKGROUND: Over half of the world's children suffer from poor nutrition, and as a consequence they experience delays in physical and mental health, and cognitive development. There is little data evaluating the effects of delivery of lipid-based, nutrition supplementation on growth and development during pregnancy and early childhood within the context of a scaled-up program. Furthermore, there is limited evidence on effects of scaled-up, home-visiting programs that focus on the promotion of child development within the context of an existing, national nutrition program...
June 3, 2016: BMC Public Health
Thomas J Dishion, Lauretta M Brennan, Daniel S Shaw, Amber D McEachern, Melvin N Wilson, Booil Jo
This randomized intervention trial examined the effects of yearly Family Check-Ups (FCUs) and tailored parent management training on parent report of problem behavior from age 2 to 5 years and teacher report of oppositional behavior at age 7.5. A multiethnic risk sample of 731 families in 3 distinct geographical settings who were receiving assistance from the Women, Infants, and Children Nutritional Supplement (WIC) program were randomly assigned to a yearly FCU. Intention to treat (ITT) analyses were used to examine overall intervention effects, and complier average causal effect (CACE) modeling was used to examine the effects of annual intervention engagement in the FCU on parent reports of child problem behavior from age 2 to 5 and teacher reports of problem behavior at age 7...
2014: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
John E Lewis, Eduard Tiozzo, Angelica B Melillo, Susanna Leonard, Lawrence Chen, Armando Mendez, Judi M Woolger, Janet Konefal
Depression, the most common type of mental illness, is the second leading cause of disability and is increasing among Americans. The effect of improved nutrition, particularly with dietary supplements, on depression may provide an alternative to standard medical treatment. Some studies have shown that certain nutrients (e.g., inositol and S-adenosyl methionine) are effective at improving depressed mood, although the results are not unequivocal. The current study was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to evaluate the efficacy of a vitamin B complex nutritional supplement (Max Stress B) for improving depressive and anxiety symptoms according to the Beck Depression and Anxiety Inventories (BDI and BAI) in 60 adults diagnosed with major depression or other forms of depressive disorders...
2013: ISRN Psychiatry
Brian H Wrotniak, Joan I Schall, Megan E Brault, Dorene F Balmer, Virginia A Stallings
INTRODUCTION: This study sought to determine if changes in parent-reported health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in children with sickle cell disease (SCD-SS) occurred after participation in a nutritional supplementation study and to compare HRQOL responses with normative scores from non-White children. METHOD: Parents of children with SCD-SS between the ages of 5 and 13 years completed the Child Health Questionnaire (CHQ-PF50) at baseline and at 12 months. RESULTS: For the 47 children (8...
January 2014: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Henrikje Klasen, Anne-Claire Crombag
PURPOSE: Child and adolescent mental health (CAMH) problems are common and serious all over the world and are linked to pre-mature deaths and serious dysfunction in adult life. Effective interventions have been developed in high income countries (HIC), but evidence from low income settings is scarce and scattered. The aim of this paper is to identify the most promising interventions in the area of global CAMH. METHOD: A systematic review of all randomised controlled trials in CAMH in low and middle income countries (LAMIC) was carried out and supplemented by 1a level evidence from HIC as well as suitable information from child programme evaluations and adult studies in LAMIC...
April 2013: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Elisabeth A Frazier, Mary A Fristad, L Eugene Arnold
OBJECTIVES: Current psychotropic medications for childhood bipolar spectrum disorders (BPSD) are associated with significant adverse events. As nutrients play an important role in physical and mental health, they may be useful in treating mood disorders with few side-effects. This open-label study explored the feasibility of testing therapeutic effects of a multinutrient supplement, EMPowerplus™ (EMP+), for pediatric BPSD. DESIGN: EMP+ was started at one capsule t...
July 2012: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Joan Forns, Maties Torrent, Raquel Garcia-Esteban, Alejandro Cáceres, María Pilar Gomila, David Martinez, Eva Morales, Jordi Julvez, Joan O Grimalt, Jordi Sunyer
Prenatal and early-life exposures can affect the course of children's neuropsychological development well into pre-adolescence, given the vulnerability of the developing brain. However, it is unknown which socio-environmental factors at early childhood can influence specific cognitive processes like attention at a later age. In this study, we aim to determine social and environmental exposures in early childhood that may be associated with attention function of 11-year-olds. We measured attention function using the continuous performance test-II (CPT-II) on 393 11-year old children from the Menorca's birth-cohort within the INMA-project (Spain), and pre-selected a list of socio-environmental observations taken when they were up to 4 years of age...
August 2012: Environmental Research
Shawn H Dolan, Melinda Houston, Scott B Martin
Although triathlon is growing in popularity at a remarkable rate, it has not been extensively studied. The aims of this research were to identify preparation strategies used by triathletes and to categorize these strategies according to gender and consultation with triathlon coaches. Survey data collected from 401 triathletes (207 males, 194 females) revealed training, nutritional, and mental preparation habits. Most participants engaged in strength training, consumed food and/or fluids during and after training, set training and competition goals, and applied mental preparation strategies during training and the hour before racing...
July 2011: Journal of Sports Sciences
Benjamin Kligler, Peter Homel, Arthur E Blank, Jeanne Kenney, Hanniel Levenson, Woodson Merrell
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to test the effectiveness of an integrative medicine approach to the management of asthma compared to standard clinical care on quality of life (QOL) and clinical outcomes. METHODS: This was a prospective parallel group repeated measurement randomized design. Participants were adults aged 18 to 80 years with asthma. The intervention consisted of six group sessions on the use of nutritional manipulation, yoga techniques, and journaling...
January 2011: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
Kathryn Boryc, Michael P Anastario, Grace Dann, Banghee Chi, Barbara Cicatelli, Melanie Steilen, Karen Gordon-Boyle, Shanti Singh, Miryah Morris
OBJECTIVE: To assess the needs of clients in a home-based care (HBC) program aimed at improving the quality of lives of people living with HIV in Region 4 of Guyana (Demerara-Mahaica region) following their involvement with the HBC program, volunteers, and nurse providers. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A cross-sectional analysis of a needs assessment conducted through a verbally administered questionnaire. We collected a cross-sectional sample of 84 HBC clients living with HIV from Region 4 in Guyana...
November 2010: Public Health Nursing
M Manders, L C P G M De Groot, W H L Hoefnagels, R A M Dhonukshe-Rutten, W Wouters-Wesseling, A J M J Mulders, W A Van Staveren
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether in the current study the supply of a nutrient dense drink has a positive effect on mental and physical function of institutionalized elderly people. DESIGN: A 24-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, intervention trial. SETTING: Homes for the elderly and nursing homes in the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: Institutionalized elderly people older than 60 years, with a BMI < or = 30 kg/m2, and a Mini-Mental State Examination score of at least 10 points...
November 2009: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Shoab A Nazir, Marcia L Erbland
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a debilitating disease of the elderly that causes significant morbidity and mortality. Despite being a treatable and preventable disease, the prevalence continues to rise because of the worldwide epidemic of smoking. COPD is associated with enormous healthcare costs. It has systemic effects, and common co-morbid conditions such as cardiovascular disease, muscle wasting and osteoporosis may all be linked through a common systemic inflammatory cascade. Depression, anxiety and malnutrition are also common in elderly COPD patients...
2009: Drugs & Aging
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