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"mental health" and "nutritional supplements"

R Visvanathan, C Piantadosi, K Lange, V Naganathan, P Hunter, I D Cameron, I Chapman
OBJECTIVE: In a pilot single centre study we found that treatment of undernourished older, community dwelling people for one year with oral testosterone (placebo-controlled) and a nutritional supplement (no control) was associated with a significant reduction in hospitalizations. A larger, multicentre study was conducted to investigate further this potentially important finding. DESIGN: One year, randomized, placebo-controlled, multi-centre, double-blind, trial...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Lia C H Fernald, Emanuela Galasso, Jumana Qamruddin, Christian Ranaivoson, Lisy Ratsifandrihamanana, Christine P Stewart, Ann M Weber
BACKGROUND: Over half of the world's children suffer from poor nutrition, and as a consequence they experience delays in physical and mental health, and cognitive development. There is little data evaluating the effects of delivery of lipid-based, nutrition supplementation on growth and development during pregnancy and early childhood within the context of a scaled-up program. Furthermore, there is limited evidence on effects of scaled-up, home-visiting programs that focus on the promotion of child development within the context of an existing, national nutrition program...
2016: BMC Public Health
Thomas J Dishion, Lauretta M Brennan, Daniel S Shaw, Amber D McEachern, Melvin N Wilson, Booil Jo
This randomized intervention trial examined the effects of yearly Family Check-Ups (FCUs) and tailored parent management training on parent report of problem behavior from age 2 to 5 years and teacher report of oppositional behavior at age 7.5. A multiethnic risk sample of 731 families in 3 distinct geographical settings who were receiving assistance from the Women, Infants, and Children Nutritional Supplement (WIC) program were randomly assigned to a yearly FCU. Intention to treat (ITT) analyses were used to examine overall intervention effects, and complier average causal effect (CACE) modeling was used to examine the effects of annual intervention engagement in the FCU on parent reports of child problem behavior from age 2 to 5 and teacher reports of problem behavior at age 7...
2014: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
John E Lewis, Eduard Tiozzo, Angelica B Melillo, Susanna Leonard, Lawrence Chen, Armando Mendez, Judi M Woolger, Janet Konefal
Depression, the most common type of mental illness, is the second leading cause of disability and is increasing among Americans. The effect of improved nutrition, particularly with dietary supplements, on depression may provide an alternative to standard medical treatment. Some studies have shown that certain nutrients (e.g., inositol and S-adenosyl methionine) are effective at improving depressed mood, although the results are not unequivocal. The current study was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to evaluate the efficacy of a vitamin B complex nutritional supplement (Max Stress B) for improving depressive and anxiety symptoms according to the Beck Depression and Anxiety Inventories (BDI and BAI) in 60 adults diagnosed with major depression or other forms of depressive disorders...
2013: ISRN Psychiatry
Brian H Wrotniak, Joan I Schall, Megan E Brault, Dorene F Balmer, Virginia A Stallings
INTRODUCTION: This study sought to determine if changes in parent-reported health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in children with sickle cell disease (SCD-SS) occurred after participation in a nutritional supplementation study and to compare HRQOL responses with normative scores from non-White children. METHOD: Parents of children with SCD-SS between the ages of 5 and 13 years completed the Child Health Questionnaire (CHQ-PF50) at baseline and at 12 months. RESULTS: For the 47 children (8...
January 2014: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Henrikje Klasen, Anne-Claire Crombag
PURPOSE: Child and adolescent mental health (CAMH) problems are common and serious all over the world and are linked to pre-mature deaths and serious dysfunction in adult life. Effective interventions have been developed in high income countries (HIC), but evidence from low income settings is scarce and scattered. The aim of this paper is to identify the most promising interventions in the area of global CAMH. METHOD: A systematic review of all randomised controlled trials in CAMH in low and middle income countries (LAMIC) was carried out and supplemented by 1a level evidence from HIC as well as suitable information from child programme evaluations and adult studies in LAMIC...
April 2013: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Elisabeth A Frazier, Mary A Fristad, L Eugene Arnold
OBJECTIVES: Current psychotropic medications for childhood bipolar spectrum disorders (BPSD) are associated with significant adverse events. As nutrients play an important role in physical and mental health, they may be useful in treating mood disorders with few side-effects. This open-label study explored the feasibility of testing therapeutic effects of a multinutrient supplement, EMPowerplus™ (EMP+), for pediatric BPSD. DESIGN: EMP+ was started at one capsule t...
July 2012: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Joan Forns, Maties Torrent, Raquel Garcia-Esteban, Alejandro Cáceres, María Pilar Gomila, David Martinez, Eva Morales, Jordi Julvez, Joan O Grimalt, Jordi Sunyer
Prenatal and early-life exposures can affect the course of children's neuropsychological development well into pre-adolescence, given the vulnerability of the developing brain. However, it is unknown which socio-environmental factors at early childhood can influence specific cognitive processes like attention at a later age. In this study, we aim to determine social and environmental exposures in early childhood that may be associated with attention function of 11-year-olds. We measured attention function using the continuous performance test-II (CPT-II) on 393 11-year old children from the Menorca's birth-cohort within the INMA-project (Spain), and pre-selected a list of socio-environmental observations taken when they were up to 4 years of age...
August 2012: Environmental Research
Shawn H Dolan, Melinda Houston, Scott B Martin
Although triathlon is growing in popularity at a remarkable rate, it has not been extensively studied. The aims of this research were to identify preparation strategies used by triathletes and to categorize these strategies according to gender and consultation with triathlon coaches. Survey data collected from 401 triathletes (207 males, 194 females) revealed training, nutritional, and mental preparation habits. Most participants engaged in strength training, consumed food and/or fluids during and after training, set training and competition goals, and applied mental preparation strategies during training and the hour before racing...
July 2011: Journal of Sports Sciences
Benjamin Kligler, Peter Homel, Arthur E Blank, Jeanne Kenney, Hanniel Levenson, Woodson Merrell
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to test the effectiveness of an integrative medicine approach to the management of asthma compared to standard clinical care on quality of life (QOL) and clinical outcomes. METHODS: This was a prospective parallel group repeated measurement randomized design. Participants were adults aged 18 to 80 years with asthma. The intervention consisted of six group sessions on the use of nutritional manipulation, yoga techniques, and journaling...
January 2011: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
Kathryn Boryc, Michael P Anastario, Grace Dann, Banghee Chi, Barbara Cicatelli, Melanie Steilen, Karen Gordon-Boyle, Shanti Singh, Miryah Morris
OBJECTIVE: To assess the needs of clients in a home-based care (HBC) program aimed at improving the quality of lives of people living with HIV in Region 4 of Guyana (Demerara-Mahaica region) following their involvement with the HBC program, volunteers, and nurse providers. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A cross-sectional analysis of a needs assessment conducted through a verbally administered questionnaire. We collected a cross-sectional sample of 84 HBC clients living with HIV from Region 4 in Guyana...
November 2010: Public Health Nursing
M Manders, L C P G M De Groot, W H L Hoefnagels, R A M Dhonukshe-Rutten, W Wouters-Wesseling, A J M J Mulders, W A Van Staveren
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether in the current study the supply of a nutrient dense drink has a positive effect on mental and physical function of institutionalized elderly people. DESIGN: A 24-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, intervention trial. SETTING: Homes for the elderly and nursing homes in the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: Institutionalized elderly people older than 60 years, with a BMI < or = 30 kg/m2, and a Mini-Mental State Examination score of at least 10 points...
November 2009: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Shoab A Nazir, Marcia L Erbland
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a debilitating disease of the elderly that causes significant morbidity and mortality. Despite being a treatable and preventable disease, the prevalence continues to rise because of the worldwide epidemic of smoking. COPD is associated with enormous healthcare costs. It has systemic effects, and common co-morbid conditions such as cardiovascular disease, muscle wasting and osteoporosis may all be linked through a common systemic inflammatory cascade. Depression, anxiety and malnutrition are also common in elderly COPD patients...
2009: Drugs & Aging
Kevin D Stein, Chiewkwei Kaw, Corinne Crammer, Ted Gansler
BACKGROUND: The medical and demographic correlates of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use among cancer survivors have been well documented. However, the role of psychological functioning in cancer survivors' CAM use and the degree to which such factors apply to survivors of colorectal cancer require additional study. In addition, sex differences in CAM use and its correlates among colorectal cancer survivors are not well understood. METHODS: By using data from a large-scale national population-based study of quality of life and health behaviors among cancer survivors, the authors examined the prevalence and psychological correlates of CAM use among 252 male and 277 female colorectal cancer survivors...
September 15, 2009: Cancer
Kathi J Kemper, Scott Shannon
Pediatric mood disorders (unipolar depression and bipolar disorder) are serious, common, persistent, and recurrent medical conditions. Depression is the second leading cause of illness and disability among young people worldwide. A healthy lifestyle and healthy environment are the cornerstones for promoting positive moods. In addition, several complementary therapies, including nutritional supplements, herbs, mind-body therapies, massage, and acupuncture can be helpful. The focus of this article is the fundamental lifestyle approaches and complementary therapies that enhance mental health in young people...
December 2007: Pediatric Clinics of North America
Salah Gariballa, Sarah Forster
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The effect of nutritional supplements on mental health in older patients has received little attention so far. The aims of this trial were therefore to test the effect of nutritional support on older patient's depressive symptoms and cognitive function. METHODS: In this prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, we randomly assigned 225 hospitalised acutely ill older patients to receive either normal hospital diet plus 400 mL oral nutritional supplements (106 subjects) or normal hospital diet plus a placebo (119 subjects) daily for 6 weeks...
October 2007: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Margareta Persson, Asa Hytter-Landahl, Kerstin Brismar, Tommy Cederholm
BACKGROUND & AIM: Effects of combined nutritional treatment of patients at risk of protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) discharged from a geriatric service were evaluated. METHODS: Patients (n=108, age 85+/-6 years) at risk of malnutrition according to the short form of the mini nutritional assessment were randomly allocated to dietary counseling, including liquid and multivitamin supplementation, i.e. intervention (I, n=51) and to controls (C, n=57). Body weight, biochemical indices (e...
April 2007: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Manuel J Castillo Garzón, Francisco B Ortega Porcel, Jonatan Ruiz Ruiz
Several recent important studies have clearly shown that a low physical fitness represents a potent risk factor and even a predictor of both cardiovascular and all-causes morbidity and mortality. As a consequence, physical fitness assessment should be performed at the clinical level since, when properly assessed, it is a highly valuable health and life expectancy indicator. Based on the results of fitness assessment in a particular person and knowing his/her life style and daily physical activity, an individually adapted training program can be prescribed...
February 5, 2005: Medicina Clínica
Meharban Singh
Due to control of florid and severe cases of protein-energy malnutrition, deficiencies of micronutrients in children have assumed public health importance. According to National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau of India, over 50% of apparently healthy looking children have subclinical or biochemical deficiencies of vitamin A, vitamins B2, B6, folate and vitamin C. Over two-third of children have clinical evidences of iron deficiency while deficiency of trace minerals like iodine and zinc is quite common in certain populations...
January 2004: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
D K Agarwal, K N Agarwal, S K Upadhyay
The effect of food supplementation in rural primary school children was studied on physical growth and mental functions. Children (146) received 450-500 calories with 10-12 g of protein for an average of 172 days a year, for 2 yr (1984-1986). Height was found not to differ significantly in the supplemented group as compared to controls. However, there was marginally better weight gain. More children in the supplemented group remained in grade I in contrast to the controls who shifted to grade II nutritional status after 2 yr...
June 1989: Indian Journal of Medical Research
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