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osteomyelitis guidelines

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896194/osteomyelitis-following-domestic-animal-bites-to-the-hand-two-case-reports-and-practical-guidelines
#1
Jung Soo Lim, Jin Hwan Byun, Kyung Hee Min, Hye Kyung Lee, Yun Sun Choi
Recently, the number of cases of animal bite wounds has increased significantly in concordance with an increase in the pet population around the world. The authors report two rare cases of osteomyelitis of the phalanx following cat and dog bites. On initial physical examination, signs of a severe infection were observed. Radiographs of both patients showed the presence of osteomyelitis, and in one of the patients, the diagnosis was confirmed with a bone biopsy. After use of empirical antibiotics, intravenous antibiotic therapy that matched the identified bacterium's sensitivity was initiated, and at the same time, secure dressing including debridement was performed to induce secondary healing...
November 2016: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745829/-treatment-and-progression-of-acute-communautary-osteoarticular-infections-in-healthy-children-a-retrospective-monocentric-study-of-64%C3%A2-patients
#2
A Lemoine, F Baudin, R Vialle, E Grimprel
INTRODUCTION: The prognosis of osteoarticular infections has improved over the past 20 years but it still remains potentially severe. The treatment of these infections has been simplified and shortened. In 2008, the Pediatric Infectious Disease Group (GPIP) established new therapeutic guidelines in order to standardize treatment in France. The aim of this study is to analyze practices in a Parisian hospital and assess the efficacy of this treatment in short and medium terms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study focused on patients older than 3 months, without comorbidities, who were hospitalized for an acute osteoarticular infection in 2012 at Trousseau Hospital (Paris), with a follow-up of at least 4 weeks...
November 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741035/validation-and-modification-of-a-severity-of-illness-score-for-children-with-acute-hematogenous-osteomyelitis
#3
Alexander G Athey, Megan E Mignemi, William T Gheen, Eduardo A Lindsay, Chan-Hee Jo, Lawson A Copley
BACKGROUND: Children with osteomyelitis demonstrate a wide spectrum of illness. Objective measurement of severity is important to guide resource allocation and treatment decisions, particularly for children with advanced illness. The purpose of this study is to validate and improve a previously published severity of illness scoring system for children with acute hematogenous osteomyelitis (AHO). METHODS: Children with AHO were prospectively studied during evaluation and treatment by a multidisciplinary team who provided care according to evidence-based guidelines to reduce variation...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723012/poorly-designed-research-does-not-help-clarify-the-role-of-hyperbaric-oxygen-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-diabetic-foot-ulcers
#4
Mesut Mutluoglu, Gunalp Uzun, Michael Bennett, Peter Germonpré, David Smart, Daniel Mathieu
Diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) are one of the most common indications for hyperbaric oxygen treatment (HBOT). The role of HBOT in DFUs is often debated. Recent evidence based guidelines, while recommending its use, urge further studies to identify the patient subgroups most likely to benefit from HBOT. A recent study in Diabetes Care aimed to assess the efficacy of HBOT in reducing the need for major amputation and improving wound healing in patients with chronic DFUs. In this study, patients with Wagner grade 2-4 diabetic foot lesions were randomly assigned to have HBOT (30 sessions/90 min/244 kPa) or sham treatment (30 sessions/90 min/air/125 kPa)...
September 2016: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661423/infection-after-orthopaedic-trauma-prevention-and-treatment
#5
Heather C Yun, Clinton K Murray, Kenneth J Nelson, Michael J Bosse
Trauma to the extremities is disproportionately represented in casualties of recent conflicts, accounting for >50% of injuries sustained during operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. Infectious complications have been reported in >25% of those evacuated for trauma, and 50% of such patients were treated in the intensive care unit (ICU). Osteomyelitis has been reported in 9% (14% of intensive care unit patients), and deep-wound infection in 27% of type III open-tibia fractures. Infections complicating extremity trauma are frequently caused by multidrug-resistant bacteria and have been demonstrated to lead to failure of limb salvage, unplanned operative take-backs, late amputations, and decreased likelihood of returning to duty...
October 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555973/the-association-of-streptococcus-gallolyticus-subspecies-pasteurianus-bacteremia-with-the-detection-of-premalignant-and-malignant-colonic-lesions
#6
Gaurav Chand, Leonid Shamban, Adam Forman, Prabhat Sinha
Streptococcus gallolyticus subspecies (subsp.) gallolyticus (formerly bovis biotype I) bacteremia has been associated with colonic adenocarcinoma. The bovis species underwent reclassification in 2003. Subtypes of gallolyticus are associated with colonic malignancy but are less frequent, resulting in less awareness. A 71-year-old male admitted with worsening lower back pain and fevers. Initial vital signs and laboratory data were within normal limits. MRI revealed lumbosacral osteomyelitis and antibiotics were initiated...
2016: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27466008/update-in-pediatric-musculoskeletal-infections-when-it-is-when-it-isn-t-and-what-to-do
#7
Alexandre Arkader, Christopher Brusalis, William C Warner, James H Conway, Kenneth Noonan
Musculoskeletal infections, including osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, and pyomyositis, are a substantial cause of morbidity in children and adolescents. The increased virulence of infectious agents and the increased prevalence of antimicrobial-resistant pathogens, particularly methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, have resulted in a more complicated clinical course for diagnosis and management, which is evidenced by an increased length of hospital stays, incidence of complications, and number of surgical interventions...
September 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27414481/consensus-on-surgical-aspects-of-managing-osteomyelitis-in-the-diabetic-foot
#8
Sachin Allahabadi, Kareem B Haroun, Daniel M Musher, Benjamin A Lipsky, Neal R Barshes
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to develop consensus statements that may help share or even establish 'best practices' in the surgical aspects of managing diabetic foot osteomyelitis (DFO) that can be applied in appropriate clinical situations pending the publication of more high-quality data. METHODS: We asked 14 panelists with expertise in DFO management to participate. Delphi methodology was used to develop consensus statements. First, a questionnaire elicited practices and beliefs concerning various aspects of the surgical management of DFO...
2016: Diabetic Foot & Ankle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27369868/the-outcome-of-treatment-of-chronic-osteomyelitis-according-to-an-integrated-approach
#9
Leonard C Marais, Nando Ferreira, Colleen Aldous, Theo L B Le Roux
Previous classification systems of chronic osteomyelitis have failed to provide objective and pragmatic guidelines for selection of the appropriate treatment strategy. In this study, we assessed the short-term treatment outcome in adult patients with long-bone chronic osteomyelitis prospectively where a modified host classification system was integrated with treatment strategy selection through a novel management algorithm. Twenty-six of the 28 enrolled patients were available for follow-up at a minimum of 12 months...
August 2016: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27286561/sequential-parenteral-to-oral-clindamycin-dosing-in-pediatric-musculoskeletal-infection-a-retrospective-review-of-30%C3%A2-mg-kg-d-versus-40%C3%A2-mg-kg-d
#10
Cole M Erickson, Paul K Sue, Kyana Stewart, Michelle I Thomas, Eduardo A Lindsay, ChanHee Jo, Lawson A B Copley
BACKGROUND: Children with musculoskeletal infection in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) prevalent communities are often treated with oral clindamycin. Current guidelines recommend approximately 40 mg/kg/d for MRSA infections. This study investigates the clinical practice of using 30 mg/kg/d of clindamycin as an alternative for outpatient dosing. METHODS: Children with musculoskeletal infection treated with outpatient clindamycin from 2009 to 2014 were studied by retrospective review...
October 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27081708/esophageal-perforation-after-anterior-cervical-spine-surgery-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#11
Sameer H Halani, Griffin R Baum, Jonathan P Riley, Gustavo Pradilla, Daniel Refai, Gerald E Rodts, Faiz U Ahmad
OBJECTIVE Esophageal perforation is a rare but well-known complication of anterior cervical spine surgery. The authors performed a systematic review of the literature to evaluate symptomatology, direct causes, repair methods, and associated complications of esophageal injury. METHODS A PubMed search that adhered to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines included relevant clinical studies and case reports (articles written in the English language that included humans as subjects) that reported patients who underwent anterior spinal surgery and sustained some form of esophageal perforation...
September 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27000762/multidisciplinary-assessment-of-congenital-insensitivity-to-pain-syndrome
#12
Vugar Nabiyev, Ateş Kara, M Cemalettin Aksoy
BACKGROUND: Congenital insensitivity to pain and anhidrosis (CIPA) is a rare clinical condition characterized by the absence of normal subjective and objective responses to noxious stimuli in patients with intact central and peripheral nervous systems. CASE PRESENTATIONS: Two patients with CIPA are reported. The first patient was a 13-year-old girl who presented to our hospital with multiple joint destructions secondary to osteomyelitis. The second patient was a 10-year-old boy who presented with multiple hand lesions and right leg osteomyelitis...
September 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26807086/addiction-or-pseudoaddiction-in-sickle-cell-disease-patients-time-to-decide-a-case-series
#13
T R Kotila, O E Busari, V Makanjuola, O R Eyelade
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this report is to highlight the background factors associated with opioid abuse among Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) patients. PATIENTS: Eleven patients aged 13-53 years (mean, 26.1yrs) which included six female and five male were seen in the last six year at a tertiary health facility. The modes of abuse ranged from obtaining analgesic prescription from multiple sources, injecting analgesics and sharing analgesics between patients in the hospital...
June 2015: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26804367/the-management-of-diabetic-foot-a-clinical-practice-guideline-by-the-society-for-vascular-surgery-in-collaboration-with-the-american-podiatric-medical-association-and-the-society-for-vascular-medicine
#14
Anil Hingorani, Glenn M LaMuraglia, Peter Henke, Mark H Meissner, Lorraine Loretz, Kathya M Zinszer, Vickie R Driver, Robert Frykberg, Teresa L Carman, William Marston, Joseph L Mills, Mohammad Hassan Murad
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus continues to grow in global prevalence and to consume an increasing amount of health care resources. One of the key areas of morbidity associated with diabetes is the diabetic foot. To improve the care of patients with diabetic foot and to provide an evidence-based multidisciplinary management approach, the Society for Vascular Surgery in collaboration with the American Podiatric Medical Association and the Society for Vascular Medicine developed this clinical practice guideline...
February 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26581702/conservative-treatment-in-a-patient-with-diabetic-osteomyelitis-antibiotic-treatment-is-sufficient-for-complete-bone-regeneration-in-selected-cases
#15
Sune Møller Jeppesen, Johnny Frøkjær, Knud Yderstræde
Diabetic foot ulcers are commonly complicated by bone involvement and osteomyelitis. Diagnosing diabetic osteomyelitis can be problematic. However, positive findings at clinical examination and X-ray may set the diagnosis. Recent guidelines suggest that selected cases of diabetic osteomyelitis can be treated conservatively with antibiotics. We report on the successful treatment of a 52-year-old man with diabetes with osteomyelitis in the distal phalanx of a toe. On X-ray, the affected phalanx appeared completely eroded...
November 18, 2015: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26460082/-bartonella-henselae-vertebral-osteomyelitis-report-of-a-case
#16
T Juan Zepeda, S Jorge Morales, A Hugo Letelier, M Luis Delpiano
UNLABELLED: Cat scratch disease (CSD) is caused by Bartonella henselae, with unknown prevalence and incidence in the Chilean paediatric population. Regional lymphadenopathy is the most common presentation, while atypical forms constitute a diagnostic challenge. OBJECTIVE: To report a case of CSD with osteomyelitis and present guidelines regarding treatment. CLINICAL CASE: An eight year-old patient, with prolonged febrile illness, back pain and neck stiffness...
January 2016: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26341540/indications-for-plain-radiographs-in-uncomplicated-lower-extremity-cellulitis
#17
John T Stranix, Z-Hye Lee, Justin Bellamy, Kenneth Rifkind, Vishal Thanik
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Cellulitis is a common cause for emergency department (ED) presentation and subsequent hospital admission. Underlying fracture, osteomyelitis, or foreign body is often considered in the clinical evaluation of these patients. Accordingly, plain radiographs (XRs) of the affected extremity are often ordered during the initial work-up. The utility of these imaging studies in the treatment of uncomplicated lower-extremity cellulitis, however, remains unclear. In an effort to treat this common problem more efficiently, we evaluated our imaging practices and results in a cohort of consecutive patients admitted to a large public city hospital for treatment of uncomplicated lower-extremity cellulitis...
November 2015: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26316526/executive-summary-2015-infectious-diseases-society-of-america-idsa-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-native-vertebral-osteomyelitis-in-adults
#18
REVIEW
Elie F Berbari, Souha S Kanj, Todd J Kowalski, Rabih O Darouiche, Andreas F Widmer, Steven K Schmitt, Edward F Hendershot, Paul D Holtom, Paul M Huddleston, Gregory W Petermann, Douglas R Osmon
These guidelines are intended for use by infectious disease specialists, orthopedic surgeons, neurosurgeons, radiologists, and other healthcare professionals who care for patients with native vertebral osteomyelitis (NVO). They include evidence and opinion-based recommendations for the diagnosis and management of patients with NVO treated with antimicrobial therapy, with or without surgical intervention.
September 15, 2015: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26273806/bartonella-osteomyelitis-of-the-acetabulum-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
REVIEW
Kriti Puri, Andrew J Kreppel, Elizabeth P Schlaudecker
INTRODUCTION: Bartonella henselae commonly involves the mononuclear phagocyte system (MPS), and its most common presentation is lymphadenitis. Rarely, it can cause isolated osteomyelitis. We present a case of a 3 year old with constitutional symptoms and new onset of limp. Previously reported cases of osteomyelitis due to B. henselae are also reviewed here, keeping the index case in mind. METHODS: We conducted a Medline search using MeSH subject headings Bartonella and osteomyelitis, limited to humans...
August 2015: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26257786/first-reported-case-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-vertebral-osteomyelitis-with-multiple-spinal-and-paraspinal-abscesses-associated-with-acupuncture
#20
Sandeep Singh Lubana, Mostafa Alfishawy, Navdeep Singh, Debra J Brennessel
Acupuncture is one of the oldest medical procedures in the world and originated in China about 2,000 years ago. Acupuncture is a form of complementary medicine and has gained popularity worldwide in the last few decades. It is mainly used for the treatment of chronic pain. Acupuncture is usually considered a safe procedure but has been reported to cause serious complications including death. It has been associated with transmission of many viruses and bacteria. Two cases of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus have been reported recently following acupuncture therapy...
2015: Case Reports in Medicine
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