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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900178/self-reported-worst-injuries-in-women-s-australian-football-identify-lower-limb-injuries-as-a-prevention-priority
#1
Lauren V Fortington, Alex Donaldson, Caroline F Finch
BACKGROUND: Increasing participation by women in Australian football (AF) has made understanding their specific injury prevention needs a priority. In other sports, men and women have different injury profiles. This study aims to provide the first overview of self-reported injuries in women's AF. METHODS: Nationwide survey of women aged 17+ years who played in an AF competition was conducted following the 2014 playing season. The players' self-reported worst injury from the 2014 season is presented according to injury type, body part injured, treatment sought and games/training missed...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900171/priorities-for-injury-prevention-in-women-s-australian-football-a-compilation-of-national-data-from-different-sources
#2
Lauren V Fortington, Caroline F Finch
BACKGROUND/AIM: Participation in Australian football (AF) has traditionally been male dominated and current understanding of injury and priorities for prevention are based solely on reports of injuries in male players. There is evidence in other sports that indicates that injury types differ between males and females. With increasing participation in AF by females, it is important to consider their specific injury and prevention needs. This study aimed to provide a first injury profile from existing sources for female AF...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882413/double-bundle-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-is-superior-to-single-bundle-reconstruction-in-terms-of-revision-frequency-a-study-of-22-460-patients-from-the-swedish-national-knee-ligament-register
#3
Eleonor Svantesson, David Sundemo, Eric Hamrin Senorski, Eduard Alentorn-Geli, Volker Musahl, Freddie H Fu, Neel Desai, Anders Stålman, Kristian Samuelsson
PURPOSE: Studies comparing single- and double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructions often include a combined analysis of anatomic and non-anatomic techniques. The purpose of this study was to compare the revision rates between single- and double-bundle ACL reconstructions in the Swedish National Knee Ligament Register with regard to surgical variables as determined by the anatomic ACL reconstruction scoring checklist (AARSC). METHODS: Patients from the Swedish National Knee Ligament Register who underwent either single- or double-bundle ACL reconstruction with hamstring tendon autograft during the period 2007-2014 were included...
November 23, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880969/the-prevalence-of-cruciate-ligament-and-meniscus-knee-injury-in-young-adults-and-associations-with-gender-body-mass-index-and-height-a-large-cross-sectional-study
#4
Ran Thein, Oded Hershkovich, Barak Gordon, Gideon Burstein, Shay Tenebaum, Estela Derazne, Dorit Tzur, Ari Shamis, Arnon Afek, Yitshak Kreiss
Anterior cruciate ligament and meniscal injuries are associated with secondary osteoarthrosis which may lead to functional impairment and economic burden. The prevalence of knee injury has not been studied in depth. Our purpose was to report the prevalence of knee ligament and meniscal injuries and their associations with gender, body mass index (BMI), and height in young adults and to characterize individuals with meniscal injuries who gained full recovery. A cross-sectional, population-based study was conducted...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874911/outcomes-of-acl-reconstruction-with-fixed-versus-variable-loop-button-fixation
#5
Brent T Wise, Nick N Patel, Garrison Wier, Sameh A Labib
Suspensory femoral fixation of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) grafts with fixed loop button and variable loop button devices has gained popularity for ACL reconstruction. This study examined these 2 methods of fixation to determine their effect on graft laxity and patient-reported outcome scores. A database search was performed to identify patients who had undergone ACL reconstruction with either a fixed loop or a variable loop button technique performed by the primary surgeon. Lysholm, Tegner, and 12-Item Short Form Health Survey scores were obtained, and KT-1000 knee ligament arthrometer (MEDmetric, San Diego, California) mechanical knee testing was performed...
November 22, 2016: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856128/generalised-ligamentous-laxity-and-revision-acl-surgery-is-there-a-relation
#6
M Adeel Akhtar, R Bhattacharya, J F Keating
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between generalised ligamentous laxity (GLL) and requirement for revision anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. METHODS: The study cohort consisted of 139 patients undergoing primary ACL reconstruction, 44 patients undergoing revision ACL surgery and a control group of 70 patients without any knee ligament injury. A Beighton score of four or more was classified as generalised ligamentous laxity...
December 2016: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843343/the-danish-knee-ligament-reconstruction-registry
#7
REVIEW
Lene Rahr-Wagner, Martin Lind
The Danish Knee Ligament Reconstruction Registry was established in 2005 as a web-based nationwide clinical database with the purpose of improving the monitoring and quality of both primary and revision knee ligament reconstructions in Denmark. All primary and revision anterior and posterior cruciate ligament reconstructions as well as collateral ligament and multiligament reconstructions are recorded. Main variables include sex, age, cause of injury, objective ligament instability, and surgical data, such as affected ligament, graft- and implant choice, operation technique among other things...
2016: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806878/validation-of-varus-stress-radiographs-for-anterior-cruciate-ligament-and-posterolateral-corner-knee-injuries-a-biomechanical-study
#8
Lucas S McDonald, Robert A Waltz, Joseph R Carney, Christopher B Dewing, Joseph R Lynch, Dean B Asher, Dustin J Schuett, Lance E LeClere
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of isolated anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) insufficiency on the radiographic varus stress test, and to provide reference data for the increase in lateral compartment opening under varus stress for a combined ACL and PLC injury. METHODS: Ten cadaveric lower extremities were fixed to a jig in 20° of knee flexion. Twelve Newton-meter (Nm) and clinician-applied varus loads were tested, first with intact knee ligaments, followed by sequential sectioning of the ACL, fibular collateral ligament (FCL), popliteus tendon and the popliteofibular ligament (PFL)...
December 2016: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717547/femur-tibia-and-fibula-bone-templates-to-estimate-subject-specific-knee-ligament-attachment-site-locations
#9
Hélène Pillet, Elena Bergamini, Goulven Rochcongar, Valentina Camomilla, Patricia Thoreux, Philippe Rouch, Aurelio Cappozzo, Wafa Skalli
In-vivo estimates of the positions of knee ligament attachment sites are crucial for subject-specific knee modelling. The present study provides template digital models of femur, tibia and fibula that embed the positions of centroids of the origins and insertions of cruciate and collateral ligaments, along with information on their dispersion related to inter-individual variability. By using a shape transformation procedure of choice, these templates can be made to match anatomical information measured on a subject under analysis...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709038/bicruciate-knee-ligament-reconstruction-using-4-all-anterior-arthroscopic-portals
#10
Robert Petretta, Vipul Mandalia
The use of an accessory posteromedial portal for posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in bicruciate knee ligament reconstruction has often been described. However, the use of a posteromedial portal can be time consuming and has some inherent risks including injury to the saphenous vein or nerve. We describe our bicruciate knee ligament reconstruction using 4 exclusively anterior portals including a high anteromedial, high anterolateral, low anteromedial, and low anterolateral portals. Arthroscopy is performed using a combination of 30° and 70° arthroscopes...
August 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643766/imaging-of-athletic-injuries-of-knee-ligaments-and-menisci-sports-imaging-series
#11
Ali M Naraghi, Lawrence M White
Acute knee injuries are a common source of morbidity in athletes and if overlooked may result in chronic functional impairment. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the knee has become the most commonly performed musculoskeletal MR examination and is an indispensable tool in the appropriate management of the injured athlete. Meniscal and ligamentous tearing are the most frequent indications for surgical intervention in sports injuries and an understanding of the anatomy, biomechanics, mechanisms of injury, and patterns of injury are all critical to accurate diagnosis and appropriate management...
October 2016: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567736/a-review-of-databases-used-in-orthopaedic-surgery-research-and-an-analysis-of-database-use-in-arthroscopy-the-journal-of-arthroscopic-and-related-surgery
#12
Jeffrey H Weinreb, Ryu Yoshida, Mark P Cote, Michael B O'Sullivan, Augustus D Mazzocca
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate how database use has changed over time in Arthroscopy: The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery and to inform readers about available databases used in orthopaedic literature. METHODS: An extensive literature search was conducted to identify databases used in Arthroscopy and other orthopaedic literature. All articles published in Arthroscopy between January 1, 2006, and December 31, 2015, were reviewed. A database was defined as a national, widely available set of individual patient encounters, applicable to multiple patient populations, used in orthopaedic research in a peer-reviewed journal, not restricted by encounter setting or visit duration, and with information available in English...
August 24, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27539265/potential-serious-bias-in-national-clinical-databases-with-low-degree-of-reported-follow-up
#13
J J Bjerre, P K Jensen, B H Sparsø, M R Krogsgaard
We identified reasons for the low follow-up rate in the Danish Knee ligament Reconstruction Register (DKRR) and evaluated its influence on the data quality. All 946 primary ACL-reconstructed patients in the Capital Region of Denmark during 2012 were identified in the databases of 8 participating hospitals. We studied the patient files and compared them to figures reported to the DKRR. 92.5% of the operated patients was registered in DKRR. The 1-year follow-up rate reported to DKRR was 33.4%, and 14.5% filled in patient reported outcomes (KOOS and Tegner) at 1 year...
August 19, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27499452/osseous-injury-associated-with-ligamentous-tear-of-the-knee
#14
Chee Hwee Lee, Chih Feng Tan, Okwha Kim, Kyung Jin Suh, Min-Szu Yao, Wing P Chan, Jim S Wu
One of the most common knee injuries is ligament tear, which may initially manifest as an osseous injury in radiographs. Radiologists should therefore be able to recognize ligament tears of the knee as osseous abnormalities in images. This review focuses on the imaging features of knee ligament injuries and their related osseous injuries: anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear with Segond fracture; associated marrow contusion; ACL avulsion fracture; posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) tear with osseous avulsion of the ligament including arcuate sign; reverse Segond fracture; PCL avulsion fracture; medial collateral ligament tear with Pellegrini-Stieda disease; lateral collateral ligament tear with avulsion fracture of the fibular head; and patellar ligament injuries with Osgood-Schlatter and Sinding-Larsen-Johansson...
August 4, 2016: Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, Journal L'Association Canadienne des Radiologistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27496908/the-effect-of-limited-perioperative-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-on-patients-undergoing-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#15
Endre Soreide, Lars-Petter Granan, Geir A Hjorthaug, Birgitte Espehaug, Sigbjørn Dimmen, Lars Nordsletten
BACKGROUND: The administration of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to patients undergoing anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is controversial because it may impair tissue healing and clinical outcomes. PURPOSE: To assess the effect of NSAID administration on patients undergoing ACLR. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: Included patients were aged >15 years and were registered in the Norwegian Knee Ligament Registry from 2008 until 2013 after the primary ACLR...
December 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492972/twenty-year-outcome-of-a-longitudinal-prospective-evaluation-of-isolated-endoscopic-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-with-patellar-tendon-or-hamstring-autograft
#16
Simon Michael Thompson, Lucy J Salmon, Alison Waller, James Linklater, Justin P Roe, Leo A Pinczewski
BACKGROUND: Long-term prospective studies of isolated endoscopic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction are limited and may include confounding factors. PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare the outcomes of isolated ACL reconstruction using the patellar tendon (PT) autograft and the hamstring (HT) autograft in 180 patients over 20 years. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2. METHODS: A total of 180 participants undergoing isolated ACL reconstruction between 1993 and 1994 were prospectively recruited...
December 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27469601/intertunnel-relationships-in-the-tibia-during-reconstruction-of-multiple-knee-ligaments-how-to-avoid-tunnel-convergence
#17
Gilbert Moatshe, Erik L Slette, Lars Engebretsen, Robert F LaPrade
BACKGROUND: Knee dislocations are rare but potentially devastating injuries, often involving tears of multiple knee ligaments. Several studies have reported improved clinical and functional outcomes with surgical management of torn knee ligaments compared with nonsurgical management. Most multiple ligament reconstruction techniques involve creating several tunnels for various reconstruction grafts, posing a risk of tunnel convergence in the proximal tibia. PURPOSE: To assess the risk of tunnel convergence and determine the optimal tunnel placement for the reconstruction of multiple ligaments in the tibia...
July 28, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27466222/irradiated-hamstring-tendon-allograft-versus-autograft-for-anatomic-double-bundle-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-midterm-clinical-outcomes
#18
Shaoqi Tian, Bin Wang, Lun Liu, Yuanhe Wang, Chengzhi Ha, Qicai Li, Xu Yang, Kang Sun
BACKGROUND: Most studies on grafts for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction (ACLR) have been of autografts or nonirradiated allografts with a single-bundle (SB) technique. Outcome reports evaluating anatomic double-bundle (DB) ACLR with a hamstring tendon autograft versus irradiated allograft are rare. PURPOSE: To compare the clinical outcomes of arthroscopic anatomic DB ACLR with a hamstring tendon autograft versus irradiated allograft. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial; Level of evidence, 2...
October 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27452631/imaging-of-meniscus-and-ligament-injuries-of-the-knee
#19
M Faruch-Bilfeld, F Lapegue, H Chiavassa, N Sans
Magnetic resonance imaging has now an indisputable role for the diagnosis of meniscus and ligament injuries of the knee. Some technical advances have improved the diagnostic capabilities of magnetic resonance imaging so that diagnoses, which may change the therapeutic approach, such as a partial tear of the anterior cruciate ligament or confirmation of unstable meniscal injuries, are now made easier. This article describes the essential about magnetic resonance imaging technique and pathological results for the menisci, collateral ligaments and damage to the central pivot of the cruciate knee ligaments...
July 2016: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27371547/validation-of-quantitative-measures-of-rotatory-knee-laxity
#20
Volker Musahl, Chad Griffith, James J Irrgang, Yuichi Hoshino, Ryosuke Kuroda, Nicola Lopomo, Stefano Zaffagnini, Kristian Samuelsson, Jon Karlsson
BACKGROUND: Prior attempts to quantify the pivot-shift examination have been too invasive or impractical for clinical use. A noninvasive method for quantifying rotatory knee laxity is needed. HYPOTHESIS: Greater quantitative measurements of rotatory knee laxity (both of the involved knee as well as compared with the contralateral healthy knee) are associated with an increasing clinical pivot-shift grade. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3...
September 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
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