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Striae terminalis

Luis Puelles, N Morales-Delgado, P Merchán, B Castro-Robles, M Martínez-de-la-Torre, C Díaz, J L Ferran
The telencephalic subpallium is the source of various GABAergic interneuron cohorts that invade the pallium via tangential migration. Based on genoarchitectonic studies, the subpallium has been subdivided into four major domains: striatum, pallidum, diagonal area and preoptic area (Puelles et al. 2013; Allen Developing Mouse Brain Atlas), and a larger set of molecularly distinct progenitor areas (Flames et al. 2007). Fate mapping, genetic lineage-tracing studies, and other approaches have suggested that each subpallial subdivision produces specific sorts of inhibitory interneurons, distinguished by differential peptidic content, which are distributed tangentially to pallial and subpallial target territories (e...
July 2016: Brain Structure & Function
K Nishizawa, E-I Izawa, S Watanabe
Large-billed crows (Corvus macrorhynchos), highly social birds, form stable dominance relationships based on the memory of win/loss outcomes of first encounters and on individual discrimination. This socio-cognitive behaviour predicts the existence of neural mechanisms for integration of social behaviour control and individual discrimination. This study aimed to elucidate the neural substrates of memory-based dominance in crows. First, the formation of dominance relationships was confirmed between males in a dyadic encounter paradigm...
December 1, 2011: Neuroscience
H J Bidmon, W E Stumpf
In this study, we describe the distribution of high affinity binding sites for 1,25(OH)₂-vitamin D₃(1,25-D₃) in the zebra finch (Taeniopygia guttata). Four hours following the injection of tritiated 1,25-D₃, binding of the steroid hormone was found primarily in the cell nuclei ofa variety of different organs. Neurons in numerous discrete regions of the forebrain were labeled. These forebrain regions included the nucleus accumbens, nucleus dorsomedialis posterior thalami, lobus parolfactorius,nucleus septalis lateralis and medialis, nucleus septalis,lamina medullaris dorsalis, nucleus striae terminalis,palaeostriatum augmentatum, and stratum griseum...
May 1994: Cell and Tissue Research
Jeanette Axelsson, Anna Mattsson, Björn Brunström, Krister Halldin
The present study was conducted to investigate the mRNA expression of the two estrogen receptor (ER) subtypes ERalpha and ERbeta in the brain of Japanese quail embryos. We found expression of both ERalpha and ERbeta mRNA in homogenate of whole head from 6-day-old embryos, and in brain homogenate from 9- and 12-day-old embryos using real-time PCR. In 9- and 12-day-old embryos the ERalpha expression was higher in females than in males. We used in situ hybridization to examine the localization of the ERs in sections from male and female brains on day 9 and day 17 of incubation...
November 2007: Developmental Neurobiology
Kolja Schiltz, Joachim Witzel, Georg Northoff, Kathrin Zierhut, Udo Gubka, Hermann Fellmann, Jörn Kaufmann, Claus Tempelmann, Christine Wiebking, Bernhard Bogerts
CONTEXT: Pedophilic crime causes considerable public concern, but no causative factor of pedophilia has yet been pinpointed. In the past, etiological theories postulated a major impact of the environment, but recent studies increasingly emphasize the role of neurobiological factors, as well. However, the role of alterations in brain structures that are crucial in the development of sexual behavior has not yet been systematically studied in pedophilic subjects. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether pedophilic perpetrators show structural neuronal deficits in brain regions that are critical for sexual behavior and how these deficits relate to criminological characteristics...
June 2007: Archives of General Psychiatry
Cornelia Voigt, Gregory F Ball, Jacques Balthazart
In birds and mammals, aromatase activity in the preoptic-hypothalamic region (HPOA) is usually higher in males than in females. It is, however, not known whether the enzymatic sex difference reflects the differential activation of aromatase transcription or some other control mechanism. Although sex differences in aromatase activity are clearly documented in the HPOA of Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica), only minimal or even no differences at all were observed in the number of aromatase-immunoreactive (ARO-ir) cells in the medial preoptic nucleus (POM) and in the medial part of the bed nucleus striae terminalis (BSTM)...
March 2007: Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy
M Taziaux, C A Cornil, C Dejace, L Arckens, G F Ball, J Balthazart
We investigated the neural sites related to the occurrence of appetitive (ASB) and consummatory (CSB) aspects of male sexual behaviour in Japanese quail. Castrated males treated with testosterone were exposed for 5 min to one of four experimental conditions: (i) free interaction with a female (CSB group); (ii) expression of rhythmic cloacal sphincter movements in response to the visual presentation of a female (ASB-F group); (iii) or a male (ASB-M group), and (iv) handling as a control manipulation. Brains were collected 90 min after the start of behavioural tests and stained by immunocytochemistry for the FOS protein...
April 2006: European Journal of Neuroscience
Eva Dujardin, Uwe Jürgens
In a recent retrograde tracing study in the squirrel monkey, we found that regions in the midbrain periaqueductal gray (PAG) producing different call types when pharmacologically stimulated, receive their input largely from the same structures. The aim of the present study was to find out, whether there are quantitative differences in this input. For this reason, we counted retrogradely labeled neurons in various brain regions after injections of wheatgerm agglutinin-conjugated horseradish peroxidase (WGA-HRP) into three different vocalization-eliciting PAG sites: one site producing non-aversive contact calls (clucking); a second site producing slightly aversive social mobbing calls (cackling); and a third site producing highly aversive defensive threat calls (shrieking)...
March 15, 2006: Behavioural Brain Research
T D Charlier, G F Ball, J Balthazart
We analyzed the expression of the immediate early genes c-fos and Zenk (egr-1) in the brain of male quail that were gonadally intact (I) or castrated and treated (CX+T) or not (CX) with testosterone and had been exposed for 60 min either to a sexually mature female (F), or to an empty arena (EA) or were left in their home cage (HC). Alternate sections in the brains collected 90 min after the start of behavioral interactions were stained by immunocytochemistry for the proteins FOS or ZENK alone or in association with tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), a marker of catecholaminergic neurons...
2005: Neuroscience
F Maekawa, S Tsukahara, K Tanaka, H Ohki-Hamazaki
Bombesin (BN)-like peptide receptors are known to be essential to the regulation of not only homeostasis, including feeding behavior, but also of emotional systems in mammal. Recently, two novel BN receptors, chicken BN-like peptide receptor subtype-3.5 (chBRS-3.5) and gastrin-releasing peptide receptor (chGRP-R), have been identified. Here, we report the localizations of these receptors' mRNAs in the chick brain through development using in situ hybridization. First, chBRS-3.5 mRNA signals were found in the dorsal ventricular ridge at embryonic day (ED) 9...
2004: Neuroscience
Philippe Absil, Monica Papello, Carla Viglietti-Panzica, Jacques Balthazart, GianCarlo Panzica
The sexually dimorphic testosterone-sensitive medial preoptic nucleus (POM) of quail can be identified by the presence of a dense network of vasotocinergic fibers. This innervation is sexually differentiated (present in males only) and testosterone sensitive. The origin of these fibers has never been formally identified although their steroid sensitivity suggests that they originate in parvocellular vasotocinergic neurons that are found in quail only in the medial part of the bed nucleus striae terminalis (BSTm) and in smaller numbers within the POM itself...
June 2002: Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy
C Viglietti-Panzica, J Balthazart, L Plumari, S Fratesi, P Absil, G C Panzica
In adult male quail, the activation of sexual behavior by testosterone (T) is mediated at the cellular level by the interaction of T metabolites with intracellular steroid receptors. In particular, the aromatization of T into an estrogen plays a key limiting role. Nonaromatizable androgens such 5alpha-dihydrotestosterone (DHT) synergize with estradiol (E2) to activate the behavior. Given that the density of vasotocin (VT) immunoreactive structures is increased by T in adult male quail and that VT injections affect male behavior, we wondered whether the expression of VT is also affected by T metabolites such as E2 and DHT...
December 2001: Hormones and Behavior
P Absil, L V Riters, J Balthazart
Previous tract-tracing studies demonstrated the existence of projections from the medial preoptic nucleus (POM) to the mesencephalic central gray (GCt) in quail. GCt contains a significant number of aromatase-immunoreactive (ARO-ir) fibers and punctate structures, but no ARO-ir cells are present in this region. The origin of the ARO-ir fibers of the GCt was investigated here by retrograde tract-tracing combined with immunocytochemistry for aromatase. Following injection of fluorescent microspheres in GCt, retrogradely labeled cells were found in a large number of hypothalamic and mesencephalic areas and in particular within the three main groups of ARO-ir cells located in the POM, the ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus, and the bed nucleus striae terminalis...
November 2001: Hormones and Behavior
G F Ball, J Balthazar
Courtship behaviors were interpreted by ethologists as being examples of 'sign stimuli' that would act as 'releasers' of stereotypic species-typical behaviors in conspecifics. A key component of the sign stimulus concept is that some form of stimulus filtering occurs that is responsible for the marked selective behavioral responsiveness. Studies of immediate early gene induction in the avian brain in response to conspecific stimuli associated with courtship and mating reveal that such gene induction is highly selective...
May 2001: Brain, Behavior and Evolution
C Griffin, G Flouriot, P Sharp, G Greene, F Gannon
Estrogen plays a key role in the control of reproductive behavior and in the regulation of the neuroendocrine system. To elucidate the mechanisms by which it controls these functions it is important to understand how estrogenic effects are mediated. We have investigated the distribution of the two isoforms of the chicken estrogen receptor alpha (cER-alpha) protein; the previously characterized cER-alpha 66 and a new N-terminal truncated isoform, cER-alpha 61. Immunolocalization demonstrated the presence of cER-alpha 66 protein in hypothalamic areas, principally the nucleus septalis lateralis, bed nucleus striae terminalis medialis, nucleus preopticus medialis, and nucleus infundibuli hypothalami, and in the anterior pituitary gland...
October 2001: Biology of Reproduction
Y Kameda, M Miura, T Nishimaki
Localization of neuropeptide Y (NPY) mRNA in the hypothalamus of chickens was studied by in situ hybridization with digoxigenin-labeled chicken NPY cRNA probe. The largest number of perikarya-expressing NPY mRNA was found within the mediobasal hypothalamus, including the infundibular nucleus, inferior hypothalamic nucleus, and median eminence. Many NPY perikarya were noted to surround the nucleus rotundus and to be present in the supraoptic nucleus. Moreover, some perikarya were detected in the nucleus of basal optic root, bed nucleus pallial commissure, and nucleus striae terminalis close to the lateral forebrain bundle...
July 30, 2001: Journal of Comparative Neurology
P Absil, A Foidart, H C Hemmings, H W Steinbusch, G F Ball, J Balthazart
We recently demonstrated that dopamine (DA) as well as different DA receptor agonists and antagonists are able to decrease within a few minutes the aromatase activity (AA) measured in vitro in homogenates or in explants of the quail preoptic area - hypothalamus. In addition, DA also appears to regulate AA, in vivo presumably by modifying enzyme synthesis. The cellular mechanisms and the anatomical substrate that mediate these controls of AA by DA are poorly understood. Tyrosine hydroxylase-immunoreactive (TH-ir) fibers and punctate structures have been previously observed in close vicinity of aromatase-immunoreactive (ARO-ir) cells in the quail medial preoptic nucleus (POM) and bed nucleus striae terminalis (BST) but these fibers could reflect a noradrenergic innervation...
January 2001: Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy
C Cornil, A Foidart, A Minet, J Balthazart
The excitatory amino acid glutamate is implicated in the central control of many neuroendocrine and behavioral processes. The ionotropic glutamate receptors are usually divided into the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and non-NMDA (kainate and AMPA) subtypes. Subunits of these receptors have been cloned in a few mammalian species. Information available in birds is more limited. In quail, we recently demonstrated that glutamate agonists (kainate, AMPA, and NMDA) rapidly (within minutes) and reversibly decrease in vitro aromatase activity like several other manipulations affecting intracellular HCa(2+) pools...
December 25, 2000: Journal of Comparative Neurology
O Tlemçani, G F Ball, E D'Hondt, F Vandesande, P J Sharp, J Balthazart
We investigated the expression of Fos, the protein product of the immediate early gene c-fos in the brain of male Japanese quail after they engaged in either appetitive or consummatory sexual behavior (i. e., copulation). For 1 h, castrated males treated with testosterone were either allowed to copulate with a female or to exhibit a learned social proximity response indicative of appetitive sexual behavior. Control birds were either left in their home cage or placed in the experimental chamber but did not exhibit the appetitive sexual behavior because they had never learned it...
July 1, 2000: Brain Research Bulletin
A Foidart, B Lakaye, T Grisar, G F Ball, J Balthazart
A partial estrogen receptor-beta (ERbeta) cDNA had been previously cloned and sequenced in Japanese quail. The 3'- and 5'-rapid amplification of cDNA ends techniques were used here to identify a cDNA sequence of the quail ERbeta that contains a complete open reading frame. For the first time in an avian species, this cDNA sequence and the corresponding amino acid sequence are described. They are compared with the known ERbeta sequences previously described in mammals and with the ERalpha sequences identified in a selection of mammalian and avian species...
September 5, 1999: Journal of Neurobiology
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