keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

occupancy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775975/misleading-new-insights-into-the-chrysotile-debate
#1
H-J Woitowitz, X Baur
Although there is no dispute among independent scientists about the carcinogenic and fibrogenic effects of chrysotile, the asbestos industry has been continuously and successfully acting to cast doubts on its harm. Another approach including asbestos insurance entities is to refuse compensation by raising the bar and fight criminal prosecution for asbestos-related diseases by the help of paid scientists. A recent publication on asbestos fibre burden in human lungs fits well in this context. The claim that chrysotile fibres are biopersistent in human lung is not based on the data provided by these authors, and, additionally, exhibits serious inconsistencies and obvious mismeasurements and significant methodological problems...
May 18, 2018: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775915/impact-of-declining-exposure-to-secondhand-tobacco-smoke-in-public-places-to-decreasing-smoking-related-cancer-mortality-in-the-us-population
#2
Esther García-Esquinas, Angélica Jiménez, Roberto Pastor-Barriuso, Miranda R Jones, Beatriz Perez-Gomez, Ana Navas-Acien, Maria Tellez-Plaza
BACKGROUND: The major decrease in exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) in public places in recent decades could have contributed to the decline in smoking-related cancer mortality observed in the US population. METHODS: Prospective study among 11,856 non-smoking adults aged ≥40 years who participated in NHANES 1988-1994 or 1999-2004 and were followed for mortality through 2006. We estimated the amount of change in cancer mortality over time attributed to the intermediate pathway of changes in SHS exposure in public places, after adjustment for risk factors and SHS exposure at home...
May 15, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775508/lfr-is-functionally-associated-with-as2-to-mediate-leaf-development-in-arabidopsis
#3
Xiaowei Lin, Dandan Gu, Hongtao Zhao, Yue Peng, Guofang Zhang, Mengge Li, Zhijuan Wang, Xiutang Wang, Sujuan Cui
Leaves are essential organs for plants. We previously identified a functional gene possibly encoding a component of the SWI/SNF complex named LFR (Leaf and Flower Related) in Arabidopsis thaliana. Loss-of-function mutants of LFR displayed obvious defects in leaf morphogenesis, indicating its vital role in leaf development. Here an allelic null mutant of ASYMMETRIC LEAVES2 (AS2), as2-6, was isolated as an enhancer of lfr-1 in petiole length, vasculature pattern and leaf margin development. The lfr as2 double mutants showed enhanced ectopic expression of BP than each of the single mutant, which is consistent with their synergistic genetic enhancement in multiple BP-dependent development processes...
May 18, 2018: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775400/evaluating-the-cytotoxicity-of-tin-dioxide-nanofibers
#4
Ashley S Reynolds, Tanya H Pierre, Rebecca McCall, Ji Wu, Worlanyo E Gato
Tin dioxide nanofibers (SnDNFs) are small fibers that have many applications. Tin dioxide nanofibers can be used in cosmetics, solar cells, toxic gas release sensors, and air pollution control. To date there have been few studies on the cytotoxicity of SnDNFs. The goal of this research is to determine if electrospun SnDNFs are toxic in a lung cancer cell line (A549). Considering the nano-scale size of the fibers, they can easily be inhaled and enter the pulmonary system and cause toxic effects in the lung. Occupational exposure to SnDNFs has been linked to pulmonary disease, making the A549 cell line important in this study...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775353/detailed-balance-of-thermalization-dynamics-in-rydberg-atom-quantum-simulators
#5
Hyosub Kim, YeJe Park, Kyungtae Kim, H-S Sim, Jaewook Ahn
Dynamics of large complex systems, such as relaxation towards equilibrium in classical statistical mechanics, often obeys a master equation that captures essential information from the complexities. Here, we find that thermalization of an isolated many-body quantum state can be described by a master equation. We observe sudden quench dynamics of quantum Ising-like models implemented in our quantum simulator, defect-free single-atom tweezers in conjunction with Rydberg-atom interaction. Saturation of their local observables, a thermalization signature, obeys a master equation experimentally constructed by monitoring the occupation probabilities of prequench states and imposing the principle of the detailed balance...
May 4, 2018: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774846/occupation-associated-fatal-limbic-encephalitis-caused-by-variegated-squirrel-bornavirus-1-germany-2013
#6
Dennis Tappe, Kore Schlottau, Daniel Cadar, Bernd Hoffmann, Lorenz Balke, Burkhard Bewig, Donata Hoffmann, Philip Eisermann, Helmut Fickenscher, Andi Krumbholz, Helmut Laufs, Monika Huhndorf, Maria Rosenthal, Walter Schulz-Schaeffer, Gabriele Ismer, Sven-Kevin Hotop, Mark Brönstrup, Anthonina Ott, Jonas Schmidt-Chanasit, Martin Beer
Limbic encephalitis is commonly regarded as an autoimmune-mediated disease. However, after the recent detection of zoonotic variegated squirrel bornavirus 1 in a Prevost's squirrel (Callosciurus prevostii) in a zoo in northern Germany, we retrospectively investigated a fatal case in an autoantibody-seronegative animal caretaker who had worked at that zoo. The virus had been discovered in 2015 as the cause of a cluster of cases of fatal encephalitis among breeders of variegated squirrels (Sciurus variegatoides) in eastern Germany...
June 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774801/therapists-perspectives-on-adapting-the-stepping-on-falls-prevention-programme-for-community-dwelling-stroke-survivors-in-singapore
#7
Tianma Xu, Kate O'loughlin, Lindy Clemson, Natasha A Lannin, Gerald Koh, Catherine Dean
PURPOSE: This study investigates the perspectives of rehabilitation therapists on the implementation of fall prevention programmes with community-dwelling stroke survivors in the Singapore context, and elicits recommendations to adapt the Stepping On programme with stroke survivors. METHOD: Qualitative data were elicited during 4 focus groups with 23 rehabilitation therapists (15 occupational therapists [OTs]; 8 physiotherapists [PTs]) who had received training to deliver the original Stepping On programme, and had experienced delivery of fall-prevention intervention programmes locally...
May 18, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774796/effects-of-organizational-safety-on-employees-proactivity-safety-behaviors-and-occupational-health-and-safety-management-system-in-chinese-high-risk-small-scale-enterprises
#8
Qiang Mei, Qiwei Wang, Suxia Liu, Qiaomei Zhou, Jingjing Zhang
Based on the characteristic of small scale enterprises, the improvement of occupational health and safety management system (OHSMS) needs an effective intervention. This study proposed a structural equation model and examined the relationships of perceived organization support for safety (POSS), person-organization safety fit (POSF), and proactivity safety behaviors with safety management, safety procedures and safety hazards identification. Data was collected from 503 employees of 105 Chinese high-risk small scale enterprises over six months...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774715/-health-surveillance-programme-for-workers-with-past-asbestos-exposure-in-tuscany-region-central-italy
#9
Elisabetta Chellini, Francesca Battisti, Maura Pellegri, Maurizio Baldacci, Domenico Sallese, Alfonso Cristaudo, Pietro Sartorelli, Giulio Arcangeli, Massimo Paoli, Sandra Fani, Gianluca Festa, Piergiuseppe Calà
Asbestos-related diseases are characterized by a long latency time since exposure. This accounts for a health surveillance programme addressed to asbestos workers to be performed for decades after the cessation of occupational exposure. We describe the health surveillance programme for former asbestos-exposed workers in Tuscany Region (Central Italy), with particular attention to organization and related critical issues. The Deliberation of the Regional Administration of Tuscany (No. 396/2016) supports the programme, defined by a regional group of experts, and defines the public health services where the programme has to be implemented...
March 2018: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774701/-new-and-old-challenges-for-prevention-of-occupational-diseases
#10
EDITORIAL
Sara De Matteis, Dario Consonni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774562/simple-low-cost-group-counselling-programme-vs-treatment-as-usual-for-patients-with-newly-notified-occupational-hand-eczema-exploratory-analyses-of-effects-on-knowledge-behaviour-and-personal-resources-of-the-randomized-prevex-clinical-trial
#11
Maja H Fisker, Tove Agner, Jennifer A Sørensen, Søren G Vejlstrup, Jane Lindschou, Christian Gluud, Per Winkel, Jens P Bonde, Niels E Ebbehøj
BACKGROUND: Sickness absence in hand eczema patients has been associated with stress rather than disease severity, indicating that personal aspects regarding hand eczema should be investigated further. OBJECTIVES: To examine whether patient education vs treatment as usual can influence behaviour and knowledge regarding skin protection and care, as well as personal resources, in patients with occupational hand eczema. METHODS: PREVEX is an individually randomized clinical trial investigating the 1-year effects of a simple, low-cost group-counselling programme vs treatment as usual for patients with notified occupational hand eczema...
May 17, 2018: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774377/effect-of-childhood-socioeconomic-conditions-on-cancer-onset-in-later-life-an-ambidirectional-cohort-study
#12
Bernadette W A van der Linden, Delphine S Courvoisier, Boris Cheval, Stefan Sieber, Piet Bracke, Idris Guessous, Claudine Burton-Jeangros, Matthias Kliegel, Stéphane Cullati
OBJECTIVES: Living in low socioeconomic conditions during childhood is associated with poor health outcomes in later life. Whether this link also applies to cancer is unclear. We examined whether childhood socioeconomic conditions (CSCs) are associated with cancer risk in later life and whether this effect remained after adjusting for adulthood socioeconomic conditions (ASCs). METHODS: Data for 26,431 individuals ≥ 50 years old included in SHARE were analysed...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774084/a-novel-dual-well-array-chip-for-efficiently-trapping-single-cell-in-large-isolated-micro-well-without-complicated-accessory-equipment
#13
Chenyu Wang, Wenwen Liu, Qingquan Wei, Lufeng Ren, Manqing Tan, Yude Yu
Conventional cell-sized well arrays have advantages of high occupancy, simple operation, and low cost for capturing single-cells. However, they have insufficient space for including reagents required for cell treatment or analysis, which restricts the wide application of cell-sized well arrays as a single-cell research tool alone. Here, we present a novel dual-well array chip, which integrates capture-wells (20  μ m in diameter) with reaction-wells (100  μ m in diameter) and describe a flow method for convenient single-cell analysis requiring neither complicated infra-structure nor high expenditure, while enabling highly efficient single cell trapping (75...
May 2018: Biomicrofluidics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774007/the-influence-of-sexual-orientation-on-the-perceived-fit-of-male-applicants-for-both-male-and-female-typed-jobs
#14
Heather M Clarke, Kara A Arnold
Research demonstrates the bias faced by individuals engaged in occupations that are perceived as inconsistent with their gender. The lack of fit model and role congruity theory explain how gender stereotypes give rise to the perception that an individual lacks the attributes necessary to be successful in a gender-incongruent job. Men employed in jobs traditionally held by women are perceived as wimpy and undeserving of respect. The majority of studies in this area have, however, failed to account for the sexual orientation of the individual being rated...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774006/parent-s-relative-perceived-work-flexibility-compared-to-their-partner-is-associated-with-emotional-exhaustion
#15
Constanze Leineweber, Helena Falkenberg, Sophie C Albrecht
A number of studies have found that control over work conditions and hours is positively related to mental health. Still, potential positive and negative effects of work flexibility remain to be fully explored. On the one hand, higher work flexibility might provide better opportunities for recovery. On the other hand, especially mothers may use flexibility to meet household and family demands. Here, we investigated the association between parent's work flexibility, rated relative to their partner, and emotional exhaustion in interaction with gender...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773945/predictive-factors-in-the-treatment-of-streptococcal-endophthalmitis
#16
Yosanan Yospaiboon, Kidakarn Meethongkam, Suthasinee Sinawat, Wipada Laovirojjanakul, Tanapat Ratanapakorn, Thuss Sanguansak, Chavakij Bhoomibunchoo
Objective: To evaluate visual outcomes and possible predictive factors in the treatment of infectious endophthalmitis caused by Streptococcus species during 2012-2016 at a large referral eye center in northeastern Thailand. Methods: A retrospective medical record chart review of patients with culture-positive endophthalmitis caused by Streptococcus species was conducted. Demographic data including age, gender, occupation, duration of symptoms, time to surgery, surgical procedures, initial visual acuity at presentation, and final visual acuity after treatment were collected and analyzed...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773927/influence-of-meteorological-factors-on-the-level-and-characteristics-of-culturable-bacteria-in-the-air-in-gliwice-upper-silesia-poland
#17
Ewa Brągoszewska, Józef S Pastuszka
Numerous studies have focused on occupational and indoor environments because people spend more than 90% of their time in them. Nevertheless, air is the main source of bacteria in indoors, and outdoor exposure is also crucial. Worldwide studies have indicated that bacterial concentrations vary among different types of outdoor environments, with considerable seasonal variations as well. Conducting comprehensive monitoring of atmospheric aerosol concentrations is very important not only for environmental management but also for the assessment of the health impacts of air pollution...
2018: Aerobiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773861/uncoupling-human-and-climate-drivers-of-late-holocene-vegetation-change-in-southern-brazil
#18
Mark Robinson, Jonas Gregorio De Souza, S Yoshi Maezumi, Macarena Cárdenas, Luiz Pessenda, Keith Prufer, Rafael Corteletti, Deisi Scunderlick, Francis Edward Mayle, Paulo De Blasis, José Iriarte
In the highlands of southern Brazil an anthropogenitcally driven expansion of forest occurred at the expense of grasslands between 1410 and 900 cal BP, coincident with a period of demographic and cultural change in the region. Previous studies have debated the relative contributions of increasing wetter and warmer climate conditions and human landscape modifications to forest expansion, but generally lacked high resoltiuon proxies to measure these effects, or have relied on single proxies to reconstruct both climate and vegetation...
May 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773705/vapour-gas-dust-and-fume-occupational-exposures-in-male-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-resident-in-cornwall-uk-and-their-association-with-rheumatoid-factor-and-anti-cyclic-protein-antibodies-a-retrospective-clinical-study
#19
Dan Murphy, Katy Bellis, David Hutchinson
OBJECTIVES: To quantify exposure to vapour, gas, dust and fumes (VGDF) and smoking in male rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and investigate impact on rheumatoid factor (RF) and anti-citrullinated protein antibody (ACPA) levels. DESIGN: A retrospective observational study. SETTING: The Royal Cornwall Hospital Trust, UK. A single university hospital setting. PARTICIPANTS: 726 men followed up between February 2015 and August 2016, fulfilling RA diagnostic criteria...
May 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772931/impact-factor-eigenfactor-article-influence-scopus-snip-and-scimage-journal-rank-of-occupational-therapy-journals
#20
Ted Brown, Sharon A Gutman
BACKGROUND: Journals are currently assessed and ranked using a number of different quantitative performance metrics. AIM: To compare and correlate the publication metrics of English-language occupational therapy journals published in 2015. METHOD: Bibliometric data was sourced for 14 English-language occupational therapy journals including the Journal Citations Report (JCR) 2-year impact factor (IF), Eigenfactor Score (EFS), Article Influence Score (AIS), Scopus Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP), Scopus Citescore, and SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) score...
May 18, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
keyword
keyword
51873
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"