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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161754/the-sorghum-bicolor-reference-genome-improved-assembly-gene-annotations-a-transcriptome-atlas-and-signatures-of-genome-organization
#1
Ryan F McCormick, Sandra K Truong, Avinash Sreedasyam, Jerry Jenkins, Shengqiang Shu, David Sims, Megan Kennedy, Mojgan Amirebrahimi, Brock D Weers, Brian McKinley, Ashley Mattison, Daryl T Morishige, Jane Grimwood, Jeremy Schmutz, John E Mullet
Sorghum bicolor is a drought tolerant C4 grass used for production of grain, forage, sugar, and lignocellulosic biomass and a genetic model for C4 grasses due to its relatively small genome (~800 Mbp), diploid genetics, diverse germplasm, and colinearity with other C4 grass genomes. In this study, deep sequencing, genetic linkage analysis, and transcriptome data were used to produce and annotate a high-quality reference genome sequence. Reference genome sequence order was improved, 29.6 Mbp of additional sequence was incorporated, the number of genes annotated increased 24% to 34,211, average gene length and N50 increased, and error frequency was reduced 10-fold to 1 per 100 kbp...
November 21, 2017: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161654/prevalence-of-various-environmental-intolerances-in-a-swedish-and-finnish-general-population
#2
Kirsi Karvala, Markku Sainio, Eva Palmquist, Maj-Helen Nyback, Steven Nordin
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of various environmental intolerances (EIs), using several criteria in a Swedish and a Finnish general population. Ill-health attributed to low-level environmental exposures is a commonly encountered challenge in occupational and environmental medicine. METHODS: In population-based questionnaire surveys, the Västerbotten Environmental Health Study (Sweden) and the Österbotten Environmental Health Study (Finland), EI was inquired by one-item questions on symptom attribution to chemicals, certain buildings, or electromagnetic fields (EMFs), and difficulties tolerating sounds...
November 18, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161614/changes-of-lumbar-posture-and-tissue-loading-during-static-trunk-bending
#3
Faisal Alessa, Xiaopeng Ning
Static trunk bending is an occupational risk factor for lower back pain (LBP). When assessing relative short duration trunk bending tasks, existing studies mostly assumed unchanged spine biomechanical responses during task performance. The purpose of the current study was to assess the biomechanical changes of lumbar spine during the performance of relatively short duration, sustained trunk bending tasks. Fifteen participants performed 40-s static trunk bending tasks in two different trunk angles (30° or 60°) with two different hand load levels (0 or 6...
November 18, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161214/a-randomized-trial-of-an-advanced-sun-safety-intervention-for-vacationers-at-41-north-american-resorts
#4
Peter A Andersen, David B Buller, Barbara J Walkosz, Michael D Scott, Larry Beck, Xia Liu, Allison Abbott, Rachel Eye, Gary Cutter
Taking vacations in sunny locations is associated with the development of skin cancer. This study tested a multi-component sun protection intervention based on diffusion of innovations theory and transportation theory designed to increase vacationers' comprehensive sun protection, i.e., use of clothing, hats, and shade, and use, pre-application, and reapplication of sunscreen. The trial enrolled 41 warm weather resorts in North America in a pair-matched group randomized pretest-posttest design and assessed samples of adult vacationers at resort outdoor recreation venues regarding sun protection at pretest (n = 3,531) and posttest (n = 3,226)...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161145/reply-to-occupational-radiation-exposure-in-interventional-radiology-and-the-risks-of-acquiring-a-brain-tumor
#5
Cari M Kitahara, Donald L Miller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161139/occupational-radiation-exposure-in-interventional-radiology-and-the-risks-of-acquiring-a-brain-tumor
#6
Anibal J Morillo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160718/social-and-leisure-activity-profiles-and-well-being-among-the-older-adults-a-longitudinal-study
#7
Joulain Michèle, Martinent Guillaume, Taliercio Alain, Bailly Nathalie, Ferrand Claude, Gana Kamel
OBJECTIVES: Studies highlight the beneficial effects of social and leisure activities on the well-being of aging people. Our aims were: to investigate activity profiles among older adults living in their own homes, to highlight potential changes in profiles over a period of five years and to examine effects of differences between these profiles on well-being variables. METHODS: Three waves were considered in this longitudinal study, with 550, 410 and 374 people (76, 79, 82 years on average), respectively...
November 21, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160539/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-external-punctal-stenosis-among-elderly-patients-in-turkey
#8
Mahmut Oğuz Ulusoy, Mehmet Atakan, Sertaç Argun Kıvanç
PURPOSE: To estimate the prevalence of external punctal stenosis (EPS) in the elderly population and investigate associated factors. METHODS: A total of 278 patients ≥65 years of age were evaluated for evidence of EPS from January to July 2016. Associated systemic, ocular, demographic, and lifestyle factors were investigated. Multiple logistic regression analyses were applied to evaluate the factors related to having EPS. P values <0.05 were considered statistically significant...
September 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160441/psychosocial-hearing-disadvantage-and-associated-factors-among-construction-workers-in-mato-grosso-brazil
#9
Andréia Cristina Munzlinger Dos Santos, Ageo Mário Cândido da Silva, Gabriela Coelho Pereira de Luccia, Clóvis Botelho, Delma Regina Della Riva
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and to analyze the factors associated with self-reported hearing handicap by construction workers in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 866 construction and heavy construction workers. Participants responded to an epidemiological survey subdivided in: identification data, sociodemographic data; lifestyle; work environment characteristics; occupational exposure factors; hearing protection measures; and hearing handicap inventory to quantify the psychosocial consequences of work-related hearing loss...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160385/usual-interstitial-pneumonia-typical-possible-and-inconsistent-patterns
#10
Pedro Paulo Teixeira E Silva Torres, Marcelo Fouad Rabahi, Maria Auxiliadora Carmo Moreira, Gustavo de Souza Portes Meirelles, Edson Marchiori
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a severe and progressive chronic fibrosing interstitial lung disease, a definitive diagnosis being established by specific combinations of clinical, radiological, and pathological findings. According to current international guidelines, HRCT plays a key role in establishing a diagnosis of usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP). Current guidelines describe three UIP patterns based on HRCT findings: a typical UIP pattern; a pattern designated "possible UIP"; and a pattern designated "inconsistent with UIP", each pattern having important diagnostic implications...
September 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159891/the-experience-of-sexuality-in-adults-with-intellectual-disability
#11
M D Gil-Llario, V Morell-Mengual, R Ballester-Arnal, I Díaz-Rodríguez
BACKGROUND: People with intellectual disability have the same sexual needs as those without any disability, yet their sexuality is often restricted by reluctant attitudes and/or fears based on irrational beliefs. The aim of this study is to describe and analyse different areas of sexuality in adults with mild or moderate intellectual disability. METHOD: The sample consisted of 180 men and 180 women attending occupational centres. All the participants were administered a questionnaire about sexuality adapted to their characteristics...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159888/salivary-%C3%AE-amylase-as-a-marker-of-stress-reduction-in-individuals-with-intellectual-disability-and-autism-in-response-to-occupational-and-music-therapy
#12
J Poquérusse, A Azhari, P Setoh, S Cainelli, C Ripoli, P Venuti, G Esposito
BACKGROUND: Although the benefits of a range of disability-centric therapies have been well studied, little remains known about how they work, let alone how to monitor these benefits in a precise and reliable way. METHODS: Here, in two independent studies, we examine how sessions consisting of occupational or music therapy, both widely recognised for their effectiveness, modulate levels of salivary α-amylase (sAA), a now time- and cost-efficient marker of stress, in individuals with intellectual disability and autism spectrum disorder...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159876/work-related-injuries-in-the-alaska-logging-industry-1991-2014
#13
Yuri P Springer, Devin L Lucas, Louisa J Castrodale, Joseph B McLaughlin
BACKGROUND: Although loggers in Alaska are at high risk for occupational injury, no comprehensive review of such injuries has been performed since the mid-1990s. We investigated work-related injuries in the Alaska logging industry during 1991-2014. METHODS: Using data from the Alaska Trauma Registry and the Alaska Occupational Injury Surveillance System, we described fatal and nonfatal injuries by factors including worker sex and age, timing and geographic location of injuries, and four injury characteristics...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159835/precarious-schedules-linked-with-workplace-aggression-in-a-high-risk-occupation
#14
David A Hurtado, Lisset M Dumet, Samuel A Greenspan, Miguel Marino, Kimberly Bernard
INTRODUCTION: Night work and prolonged work hours increase the risk for workplace aggression, however, the risk related to precarious schedules remains unknown. METHODS: Cross-sectional study among Parole Probation Officers (PPOs) (n = 35). A precarious schedules index was created including the following indicators (a) experiencing one or more unexpected shifts during the last 4 weeks; (b) having minimal control over work hours; and (c) shifts notifications of less than a week...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159785/improving-the-hospital-quality-of-care-during-winter-periods-by-optimizing-budget-allocation-between-rotavirus-vaccination-and-bed-expansion
#15
Thibaut Dort, Nadia Schecroun, Baudouin Standaert
BACKGROUND: During each winter the hospital quality of care (QoC) in pediatric wards decreases due to a surge in pediatric infectious diseases leading to overcrowded units. Bed occupancy rates often surpass the good hospital bed management threshold of 85%, which can result in poor conditions in the workplace. This study explores how QoC-scores could be improved by investing in additional beds and/or better vaccination programs against vaccine-preventable infectious diseases. METHODS: The Cobb-Douglas model was selected to define the improvement in QoC (%) as a function of two strategies (rotavirus vaccination coverage [%] and addition of extra hospital beds [% of existing beds]), allowing improvement-isocurves to be produced...
November 20, 2017: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159437/exploring-the-potential-relationship-between-indoor-air-quality-and-the-concentration-of-airborne-culturable-fungi-a-combined-experimental-and-neural-network-modeling-study
#16
Zhijian Liu, Kewei Cheng, Hao Li, Guoqing Cao, Di Wu, Yunjie Shi
Indoor airborne culturable fungi exposure has been closely linked to occupants' health. However, conventional measurement of indoor airborne fungal concentration is complicated and usually requires around one week for fungi incubation in laboratory. To provide an ultra-fast solution, here, for the first time, a knowledge-based machine learning model is developed with the inputs of indoor air quality data for estimating the concentration of indoor airborne culturable fungi. To construct a database for statistical analysis and model training, 249 data groups of air quality indicators (concentration of indoor airborne culturable fungi, indoor/outdoor PM2...
November 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158910/association-between-working-time-quality-and-self-perceived-health-analysis-of-the-3rd-korean-working-conditions-survey-2011
#17
Jaeyoup Jung, Gyuree Kim, Kyusung Kim, Domyung Paek, Sung-Il Cho
Background: Self-perceived health, a subjective assessment of one's health condition, is an important health indicator at the level of quality of life. In this study, working time quality refer to job factors with qualitative aspects of working time. This study was conducted to investigate the association between working time quality and self-perceived health in paid workers in Korea. Methods: In this study, 35,902 paid workers were analyzed based on the 3rd Korean working conditions survey...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158725/nutritional-supplement-practices-of-professional-ugandan-athletes-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Haruna Muwonge, Robert Zavuga, Peninnah Aligawesa Kabenge, Timothy Makubuya
Background: The use of nutritional supplements (NS) places athletes at great risk for inadvertent doping. Due to the paucity of data on supplement use, this study aimed to determine the proportion of Ugandan athletes using nutritional supplements and to investigate the athletes' motivation to use these supplements. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in which an interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect data from 359 professional athletes participating in individual (boxing, cycling, athletics) and team (basketball, rugby, football, netball, and volleyball) sports...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158676/role-of-3-monthly-long-acting-injectable-paliperidone-in-the-maintenance-of-schizophrenia
#19
REVIEW
Claudio Brasso, Silvio Bellino, Paola Bozzatello, Cristiana Montemagni, Paola Rocca
Aims: Paliperidone palmitate 3-month (PP3M) represents a new long-acting injectable antipsychotic therapeutic option. This review aims: 1) to summarize available data relating to efficacy, safety, tolerability and costs of PP3M; 2) to describe hospitalization rate, occupational status, treatment preference, satisfaction, adherence and caregiver burden of patients with schizophrenia who participate in PP3M clinical trials; 3) to examine ethical implications, pros and cons of PP3M use and 4) to propose study designs to further assess PP3M...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158117/cold-acclimation-and-cognitive-performance-a-review
#20
Douglas M Jones, Stephen P Bailey, Bart Roelands, Michael J Buono, Romain Meeusen
Athletes, occupational workers, and military personnel experience cold temperatures through cold air exposure or cold water immersion, both of which impair cognitive performance. Prior work has shown that neurophysiological pathways may be sensitive to the effects of temperature acclimation and, therefore, cold acclimation may be a potential strategy to attenuate cold-induced cognitive impairments for populations that are frequently exposed to cold environments. This review provides an overview of studies that examine repeated cold stress, cold acclimation, and measurements of cognitive performance to determine whether or not cold acclimation provides beneficial protection against cold-induced cognitive performance decrements...
November 17, 2017: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
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