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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773496/reflections-on-methodical-approaches-to-hematopoietic-stem-cell-collection-in-children
#1
REVIEW
Claudia Del Fante, Jerard Seghatchian, Cesare Perotti
Pediatric peripheral blood stem cell collection (PBSC) is challenging because it has potentially more side effects than in adults due to the small body mass and unique physiology of children. The extracorporeal volume of the cell separator device, poor venous access and metabolic complications due to citrate toxicity are the main problems to face during PBSC collection. These aspects are more relevant in very low body weight (BW) children of 20 kg or lower. An efficient, experienced and well-prepared team of pediatricians, apheresis physicians and nurses, and physicians involved in CVC positioning is crucial to performing a safe PBSC collection...
May 9, 2018: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773353/nurses-knowledge-and-attitudes-regarding-pediatric-pain-management-in-western-australia
#2
Deborah Peirce, Victoria Corkish, Margie Lane, Sally Wilson
Despite clinical guidelines, suboptimal pediatric pain management persists. A local audit found poor guideline compliance. Inadequate knowledge is a recognized barrier to the delivery of evidence-based care. The aim of the study was to investigate nurses' knowledge and attitudes regarding pain management at an Australian tertiary pediatric hospital. A cross-sectional, descriptive study using the Pediatric Pain Knowledge and Attitudes Questionnaire (Revised) was distributed to 590 nurses in an Australian pediatric hospital...
May 14, 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772983/infiltration-and-extravasation-in-pediatric-patients-a-prevalence-study-in-a-children-s-hospital
#3
Gülçin Özalp Gerçeker, Ayşe Kahraman, Figen Yardimci, Elif Bilsin, Şeyda Binay, Hamide Nur Çevik Özdemir, Atiye Karakul, Dilek Zengin, Seda Ardahan Sevgili, Merve Gümüş, Zümrüt Başbakkal, Selma Akpınar
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of infiltration and extravasation among children staying in a children's hospital and the interventions carried out when infiltration or extravasation occurred. METHODS: A prospective and descriptive research design was used in the study, conducted between September 2015 and February 2016, and determined the prevalence of infiltration and extravasation and their characteristics. The study sample consisted of 297 peripheral catheters in 173 pediatric patients...
May 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772943/school-nurses-management-and-collaborative-practices-for-student-athletes-following-sport-related-concussion
#4
Michelle L Weber, Cailee E Welch Bacon, Tamara Valovich McLeod
The purpose of this study was to examine school nurses' management and collaboration with health-care providers (HCPs) for student-athletes following a concussion. Secondary school nurses accessed an online survey titled the Beliefs, Attitudes, and Knowledge of Pediatric Athletes with Concussions (access rate = 15.6%; n = 1,246/8,000). Approximately 40% of schools where nurses were employed administered baseline and postinjury concussion assessments. No significant differences were found between employment model (single vs...
January 1, 2018: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771976/skin-disease-prevalence-study-in-schoolchildren-in-rural-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire-implications-for-integration-of-neglected-skin-diseases-skin-ntds
#5
Rie Roselyne Yotsu, Kouamé Kouadio, Bamba Vagamon, Konan N'guessan, Amari Jules Akpa, Aubin Yao, Julien Aké, Rigobert Abbet Abbet, Barbine Tchamba Agbor Agbor, Roger Bedimo, Norihisa Ishii, L Claire Fuller, Roderick Hay, Oriol Mitjà, Henning Drechsler, Kingsley Asiedu
BACKGROUND: Early detection of several skin-related neglected tropical diseases (skin NTDs)-including leprosy, Buruli ulcer, yaws, and scabies- may be achieved through school surveys, but such an approach has seldom been tested systematically on a large scale in endemic countries. Additionally, a better understanding of the spectrum of skin diseases and the at-risk populations to be encountered during such surveys is necessary to facilitate the process. METHODS: We performed a school skin survey for selected NTDs and the spectrum of skin diseases, among primary schoolchildren aged 5 to 15 in Côte d'Ivoire, West Africa...
May 17, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771160/effects-of-an-intervention-program-for-pomoting-ethical-practices-among-pediatric-nurses
#6
Naomi Matsumori
The Japanese nursing education system only requires a general nursing qualification. After graduation, many Japanese nurses work within pediatric departments where they receive specialized training in pediatric care. An intervention program for promoting ethical nursing practices among patients and their families was implemented for pediatric nurses with 0-5 years pediatric nursing experience. The objective of this study was to clarify changes in nurses' recognition and behaviors, as well as the intervention's post-initiation durability...
May 17, 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768292/impact-of-peripheral-venous-catheter-placement-with-vein-visualization-device-support-on-success-rate-and-pain-levels-in-pediatric-patients-aged-0-to-3-years
#7
Sevil Inal, Duygu Demir
BACKGROUND: Pediatric nurses should be able to use techniques that increase the success rate or shorten the procedural duration of peripheral intravenous catheterization (PIVC). OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to define the effect of the infrared vein visualization device support on the success of PIVC in pediatric patients aged 0 to 3 years. Success was determined based on the number of attempts per patient, the duration of the procedure, the success rate of first attempts, and the pain levels of the children...
May 15, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767462/soluble-fiber-use-in-pediatric-short-bowel-syndrome-a-survey-on-prevailing-practices
#8
Meredith Linley Harvie, Margaret Alyssa Tucker Norris, Wednesday Marie A Sevilla
BACKGROUND: In pediatric short bowel syndrome (SBS), adding fiber to enteral feedings is 1 treatment method to manage increased stool output. However, there are no standardized recommendations on the use of fiber in this setting, including type, dosage, titration strategies, etc. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine current prevailing practices on the use of fiber in the treatment of chronic high stool output in the pediatric SBS population. METHODS: An anonymous electronic survey with 13 questions was sent through health professional electronic mailing lists...
May 16, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764391/practice-and-outcomes-of-neonatal-resuscitation-for-newborns-with-birth-asphyxia-at-kakamega-county-general-hospital-kenya-a-direct-observation-study
#9
Duncan N Shikuku, Benson Milimo, Elizabeth Ayebare, Peter Gisore, Gorrette Nalwadda
BACKGROUND: About three - quarters of all neonatal deaths occur during the first week of life, with over half of these occurring within the first 24 h after birth. The first minutes after birth are critical to reducing neonatal mortality. Successful neonatal resuscitation (NR) has the potential to prevent these perinatal mortalities related to birth asphyxia. This study described the practice of NR and outcomes of newborns with birth asphyxia in a busy referral hospital. METHODS: Direct observations of 138 NRs by 28 healthcare providers (HCPs) were conducted using a predetermined checklist adapted from the national pediatric resuscitation protocol...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761756/evaluation-of-standard-and-mobile-health-supported-clinical-diagnostic-tools-for-assessing-dehydration-in-patients-with-diarrhea-in-rural-bangladesh
#10
Saadiyah Bilal, Eric Nelson, Lars Meisner, Mahfuj Alam, Saad Al Amin, Yokabed Ashenafi, Shivani Teegala, Md Khan, Nur Alam, Adam Levine
Diarrhea remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients worldwide. The objective of this study was to determine the relative inter-rater reliability and usability of standard and Mobile health (mHealth)-supported World Health Organization (WHO) algorithms for dehydration assessment in patients with acute diarrhea in a rural, low-income country hospital. Two nurses blinded to each other's examinations assessed dehydration status on patients soon after hospital arrival using either the standard WHO algorithm printed on a laminated card or an mHealth-supported WHO algorithm downloaded onto a smartphone...
May 14, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757918/regulation-of-pediatric-intensive-care-unit-nurse-practitioner-practice-a-national-survey
#11
Kristin Hittle Gigli, Mary S Dietrich, Peter I Buerhaus, Ann F Minnick
PURPOSE: To describe the extent to which organizational regulation of pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) nurse practitioner (NP) practice and prescriptive authority aligns with state scope-of-practice (SSOP) regulations, to examine differences between PICU medical directors' and NPs' report of regulation, and to describe organizational-level restriction of PICU NP practice. METHODS: A 34-item national, quantitative cross-sectional descriptive survey of US PICU medical directors and NPs included demographic, institutional characteristics, and PICU NP regulation and role-related questions...
January 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757882/american-association-of-nurse-practitioners-national-nurse-practitioner-sample-survey-update-on-acute-care-nurse-practitioner-practice
#12
Ruth Kleinpell, Michelle L Cook, Diane L Padden
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Data from national surveys on the practice of nurse practitioners (NPs) provides valuable information on aspects of practice, demographic characteristics of providers and patients, plans for continued employment, and role satisfaction. The American Association of Nurse Practitioners (AANP) has been conducting the AANP Sample Survey since 1988. METHODS: The most recent AANP Sample Survey was conducted in 2016 with a random stratified survey of 40,000 NPs...
March 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757790/barriers-to-implementation-of-long-acting-reversible-contraception-a-systematic-review
#13
Jessamyn Phillips, Prabjot Sandhu
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) is one of the most effective forms of contraception available. The utilization of LARC remains low despite being recommended by major health organizations such as Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, American Academy of Pediatrics, American Academy of Family Physicians, and the National Committee for Quality Assurance. Health care professionals play an essential role in the potential increased use of LARC...
April 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757013/impact-of-a-behavioral-sleep-intervention-on-new-school-entrants-social-emotional-functioning-and-sleep-a-translational-randomized-trial
#14
Harriet Hiscock, Jon Quach, Kate Paton, Rebecca Peat, Lisa Gold, Sarah Arnup, Kah-Ling Sia, Elizabeth Nicolaou, Melissa Wake
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Determine the effects and costs of a brief behavioral sleep intervention, previously shown to improve child social-emotional functioning, sleep, and parent mental health, in a translational trial. PARTICIPANTS: Three hundred thirty-four school entrant children from 47 primary schools in Melbourne, Australia, with parent-reported moderate to severe behavioral sleep problems. METHODS: intervention group received sleep hygiene practices and standardized behavioral strategies delivered by trained school nurses in 2013 and 2014...
May 14, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755048/school-based-interprofessional-asthma-self-management-education-program-for-middle-school-students-a-feasibility-trial
#15
Ellen B Buckner, Donna J Copeland, Kristina S Miller, Timothy Op Holt
BACKGROUND: Asthma is the most common chronic disease among school-aged children under 18 years of age and is a major cause of morbidity, loss of school days, and increased hospitalizations. Asthma disproportionately affects low-income, minority youth in Alabama. The benefits of improving asthma control and self-management have significance for improving health, preventing disease, and reducing health disparities by addressing social, behavioral, environmental, economic, and medical determinants of health...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754867/assessing-ethics-knowledge-development-of-a-test-of-ethics-knowledge-in-neonatology
#16
Christy L Cummings, Gina M Geis, Henry A Feldman, Elisa R Berson, Jennifer C Kesselheim
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate the Test of Ethics Knowledge in Neonatology (TEK-Neo) with good internal consistency reliability, item performance, and construct validity that reliably assesses interprofessional staff and trainee knowledge of neonatal ethics. STUDY DESIGN: We adapted a published test of ethics knowledge for use in neonatology. The novel instrument had 46 true/false questions distributed among 7 domains of neonatal ethics: ethical principles, professionalism, genetic testing, beginning of life/viability, end of life, informed permission/decision making, and research ethics...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746357/simulating-the-role-of-the-parent-promoting-family-centered-nursing-care
#17
Elizabeth Zimmermann, Celeste M Alfes
Parents of hospitalized children need support to diminish their own fear and anxiety and provide safe and loving care for the child. Baccalaureate nursing students, who are rarely parents themselves, often find it difficult to understand the needs of parents. An innovative simulation strategy was created to enhance students' understanding of the parent's role and its effect on family-centered care. This article describes the development of pediatric simulation experiences that actively incorporate the role of a parent...
May 9, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743330/protocol-for-a-randomised-trial-of-higher-versus-lower-intensity-patient-provider-communication-interventions-to-reduce-antibiotic-misuse-in-two-paediatric-ambulatory-clinics-in-the-usa
#18
Kathy Goggin, Andrea Bradley-Ewing, Angela L Myers, Brian R Lee, Emily A Hurley, Kirsten B Delay, Sarah Schlachter, Areli Ramphal, Kimberly Pina, David Yu, Kirsten Weltmer, Sebastian Linnemayr, Christopher C Butler, Jason G Newland
INTRODUCTION: Children with acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs) are prescribed up to 11.4 million unnecessary antibiotic prescriptions annually. Inadequate parent-provider communication is a chief contributor, yet efforts to reduce overprescribing have only indirectly targeted communication or been impractical. This paper describes our multisite, parallel group, cluster randomised trial comparing two feasible interventions for enhancing parent-provider communication on the rate of inappropriate antibiotic prescribing (primary outcome) and revisits, adverse drug reactions and parent-rated quality of shared decision-making, parent-provider communication and visit satisfaction (secondary outcomes)...
May 9, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742551/exploring-research-topics-and-trends-in-nursing-related-communication-in-intensive-care-units-using-social-network-analysis
#19
Youn-Jung Son, Soo-Kyoung Lee, SeJin Nam, Jae Lan Shim
This study used social network analysis to identify the main research topics and trends in nursing-related communication in intensive care units. Keywords from January 1967 to June 2016 were extracted from PubMed using Medical Subject Headings terms. Social network analysis was performed using Gephi software. Research publications and newly emerging topics in nursing-related communication in intensive care units were classified into five chronological phases. After the weighting was adjusted, the top five keyword searches were "conflict," "length of stay," "nursing continuing education," "family," and "nurses...
May 4, 2018: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739375/how-do-professionals-assess-the-quality-of-life-of-children-with-advanced-cancer-receiving-palliative-care-and-what-are-their-recommendations-for-improvement
#20
Josianne Avoine-Blondin, Véronique Parent, Léonor Fasse, Clémentine Lopez, Nago Humbert, Michel Duval, Serge Sultan
BACKGROUND: It is known that information regarding the quality of life of a patient is central to pediatric palliative care. This information allows professionals to adapt the care and support provided to children and their families. Previous studies have documented the major areas to be investigated in order to assess the quality of life, although it is not yet known what operational criteria or piece of information should be used in the context of pediatric palliative care. The present study aims to: 1) Identify signs of quality of life and evaluation methods currently used by professionals to assess the quality of life of children with cancer receiving palliative care...
May 8, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
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