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Carbon dioxide removal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629353/lipid-emulsion-mitigates-impaired-pulmonary-function-induced-by-limb-ischemia-reperfusion-in-rats-through-attenuation-of-local-cellular-injury-and-the-subsequent-systemic-inflammatory
#1
Fangfang Xia, Yun Xia, Sisi Chen, Lulu Chen, Weijuan Zhu, Yuanqing Chen, Thomas J Papadimos, Xuzhong Xu, Le Liu
BACKGROUND: Limb ischemia/reperfusion causes inflammation and elicits oxidative stress that may lead to local tissue damage and remote organ such as lung injury. This study investigates pulmonary function after limb ischemia/reperfusion and the protective effect of a lipid emulsion (Intralipid). METHODS: Twenty-four rats were divided into three groups: sham operation group (group S), ischemia/reperfusion group (group IR), and lipid emulsion treatment group (group LE)...
June 19, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623019/exogenous-addition-of-h2-for-an-in-situ-biogas-upgrading-through-biological-reduction-of-carbon-dioxide-into-methane
#2
Daniel Girma Mulat, Freya Mosbæk, Alastair James Ward, Daniela Polag, Markus Greule, Frank Keppler, Jeppe Lund Nielsen, Anders Feilberg
Biological reduction of CO2 into CH4 by exogenous addition of H2 is a promising technology for upgrading biogas into higher CH4 content. The aim of this work was to study the feasibility of exogenous H2 addition for an in situ biogas upgrading through biological conversion of the biogas CO2 into CH4. Moreover, this study employed systematic study with isotope analysis for providing comprehensive evidence on the underlying pathways of CH4 production and upstream processes. Batch reactors were inoculated with digestate originating from a full-scale biogas plant and fed once with maize leaf substrate...
June 13, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622082/comparing-the-effectiveness-of-fractional-co2-laser-and-the-combination-therapy-with-micro-needling-and-topical-10-trichloroacetic-acid-to-remove-infra-orbital-dark-circles-in-tehran-women
#3
Abbas Zamanian, Mahba Azizi, Mohamadreza Ghasemi, Elham Behrangi, Sedigheh Naeji
BACKGROUND: Infra-orbital dark circles in now identified as a cosmetic problem which should be considered in treatment issue. The present study aimed to assess and compare the clinical efficiency of the combination of micro-needling and 10% trichloroacetic acid (TCA) cream as well as carbon dioxide laser in the management of infra-orbital dark circles. METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was performed on women ranged 28 to 62 years that complained of infra-orbital dark circles...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613072/ligand-and-metal-based-multielectron-redox-chemistry-of-cobalt-supported-by-tetradentate-schiff-bases
#4
Julie Andrez, Valentin Guidal, Rosario Scopelliti, Jacques Pécaut, Serge Gambarelli, Marinella Mazzanti
We have investigated the influence of bound cations on the reduction of cobalt complexes of redox active ligands and explored the reactivity of reduced species with CO2. The one electron reduction of [Co(II)((R)salophen)] with alkali metals (M = Li, Na, K) leads to either ligand-centered or metal-centered reduction depending on the alkali ion. It affords either the [Co(I)((R)salophen)K] complexes or the [Co(II)2(bis-salophen)M2] (M = Li, Na) dimers that are present in solution in equilibrium with the respective [Co(I)(salophen)M] complexes...
June 14, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612314/degradation-of-metaldehyde-in-water-by-nanoparticle-catalysts-and-powdered-activated-carbon
#5
Zhuojun Li, Jong Kyu Kim, Vrushali Chaudhari, Suseeladevi Mayadevi, Luiza C Campos
Metaldehyde, an organic pesticide widely used in the UK, has been detected in drinking water in the UK with a low concentration (<1 μg L(-1)) which is still above the European and UK standard requirements. This paper investigates the efficiency of four materials: powdered activated carbon (PAC) and carbon-doped titanium dioxide nanocatalyst with different concentrations of carbon (C-1.5, C-40, and C-80) for metaldehyde removal from aqueous solutions by adsorption and oxidation via photocatalysis. PAC was found to be the most effective material which showed almost over 90% removal...
June 14, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610572/postlaparoscopic-reduction-of-pain-by-combining-intraperitoneal-normal-saline-and-the-pulmonary-recruitment-maneuver-polar-bear-trial-rct-to-estimate-reduction-in-pain-after-laparoscopic-surgery-when-using-a-combination-therapy-of-intraperitoneal-normal-saline
#6
J E W van Dijk, S J Dedden, P M A J Geomini, P Meijer, N van Hanegem, M Y Bongers
BACKGROUND: Shoulder pain and pain in the upper abdomen are common complaints after laparoscopy, sometimes surpassing the pain at incision sites. The incidence of shoulder pain ranges from 35 to 80%. Post-laparoscopic pain is caused by retention of carbon dioxide in the abdomen, which irritates the phrenic nerve and diaphragm, causing referred pain in the shoulder and in the upper abdomen. A promising strategy to reduce this post-laparoscopic pain is the pulmonary recruitment maneuver, which indirectly increases intraperitoneal pressure and thereby facilitates removal of residual carbon dioxide...
June 13, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609731/degradation-of-sulfamethoxazole-using-ozone-and-chlorine-dioxide-compound-specific-stable-isotope-analysis-transformation-product-analysis-and-mechanistic-aspects
#7
Sarah Willach, Holger V Lutze, Kevin Eckey, Katja Löppenberg, Michelle Lüling, Jens Terhalle, Jens-Benjamin Wolbert, Maik A Jochmann, Uwe Karst, Torsten C Schmidt
The sulfonamide antibiotic sulfamethoxazole (SMX) is a widely detected micropollutant in surface and groundwaters. Oxidative treatment with e.g. ozone or chlorine dioxide is regularly applied for disinfection purposes at the same time exhibiting a high potential for removal of micropollutants. Especially for nitrogen containing compounds such as SMX, the related reaction mechanisms are largely unknown. In this study, we systematically investigated reaction stoichiometry, product formation and reaction mechanisms in reactions of SMX with ozone and chlorine dioxide...
June 3, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603981/the-enigmatic-p450-decarboxylase-olet-is-capable-of-but-evolved-to-frustrate-oxygen-rebound-chemistry
#8
Chun H Hsieh, Xiongyi Huang, Jose A Amaya, Cooper D Rutland, Carson L Keys, John T Groves, Rachel Narehood Austin, Thomas M Makris
OleT is a cytochrome P450 enzyme that catalyzes the removal of carbon dioxide from variable chain-length fatty acids to form 1-alkenes. In this work, we examine the binding and metabolic profile of OleT with shorter chain-length (n ≤ 12) fatty acids that can form liquid transportation fuels. Transient kinetics and product analyses confirm that OleT capably activates hydrogen peroxide with shorter substrates to form the high-valent intermediate Compound I and largely performs C-C bond scission. However, the enzyme also produces fatty alcohol side-products using the high-valent iron oxo chemistry commonly associated with oxygen insertion into hydrocarbons...
June 12, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599799/dry-syngas-purification-process-for-coal-gas-produced-in-oxy-fuel-type-integrated-gasification-combined-cycle-power-generation-with-carbon-dioxide-capturing-feature
#9
Makoto Kobayashi, Hiroyuki Akiho
Electricity production from coal fuel with minimizing efficiency penalty for the carbon dioxide abatement will bring us sustainable and compatible energy utilization. One of the promising options is oxy-fuel type Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (oxy-fuel IGCC) power generation that is estimated to achieve thermal efficiency of 44% at lower heating value (LHV) base and provide compressed carbon dioxide (CO2) with concentration of 93 vol%. The proper operation of the plant is established by introducing dry syngas cleaning processes to control halide and sulfur compounds satisfying tolerate contaminants level of gas turbine...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579539/preparation-of-acellular-scaffold-for-corneal-tissue-engineering-by-supercritical-carbon-dioxide-extraction-technology
#10
Yi-Hsun Huang, Fan-Wei Tseng, Wen-Hsin Chang, I-Chen Peng, Dar-Jen Hsieh, Shu-Wei Wu, Ming-Long Yeh
In this study, we developed a novel method using supercritical carbon dioxide (SCCO2) to prepare acellular porcine cornea (APC). Under gentle extraction conditions using SCCO2 technology, hematoxylin and eosin staining showed that cells were completely lysed, and cell debris, including nuclei, was efficiently removed from the porcine cornea. The SCCO2-treated corneas exhibited intact stromal structures and appropriate mechanical properties. Moreover, no immunological reactions and neovascularization were observed after lamellar keratoplasty in rabbits...
June 1, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571870/numerical-simulation-study-on-air-quality-in-aircraft-cabins
#11
Yingjie Zhao, Bingrong Dai, Qi Yu, Haiqing Si, Gang Yu
Air pollution is one of the main factors that affect the air quality in aircraft cabins, and the use of different air supply modes could influence the distribution of air pollutants in cabins. Based on the traditional ceiling air supply mode used on the B737NG, this study investigated another 3 different kinds of air supply modes for comparison: luggage rack air supply mode, joint mode combining ceiling and luggage rack air supply, and joint mode combining ceiling and individual air supply. Under the above 4 air supply modes, the air velocity, temperature and distribution of air pollutants in a cabin full of passengers were studied using computational fluid dynamics (CFD), and carbon dioxide (CO2) and formaldehyde were selected as 2 kinds of representative air pollutants...
June 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555443/-extracorporeal-lung-support
#12
REVIEW
S Braune, A Sieweke, D Jarczak, S Kluge
Systems for extracorporeal lung support have recently undergone significant technological improvements leading to more effective and safe treatment. Despite limited scientific evidence these systems are increasingly used in the intensive care unit for treatment of different types of acute respiratory failure. In general two types of systems can be differentiated: devices for extracorporeal carbon dioxide removal (ECCO2R) for ventilatory insufficiency and devices for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for severe hypoxemic failure...
June 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549716/automated-programmable-pressurized-carbonic-acid-eluent-ion-exclusion-chromatography-of-organic-acids
#13
C Phillip Shelor, Purnendu K Dasgupta
Conductometric ion exclusion chromatography of weak acids does not enjoy the same degree of success as its counterpart in suppressed conductometric anion exchange chromatography. Compared to the latter, eluent preparation is not automated. Commonly, a strong acid is used as the eluent leading to a relatively high-detector background and poorer limits of detection. In addition, generally applicable gradient elution has not been possible. We introduce the automated preparation of carbonic acid eluents at concentrations exceeding 0...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532814/control-aspects-of-the-human-cardiovascular-respiratory-system-under-a-nonconstant-workload
#14
Pio Gabrielle B Calderon, Mustafa Habib, Franz Kappel, Aurelio A de Los Reyes
The human cardiovascular system (CVS) and respiratory system (RS) work together in order to supply oxygen (O2) and other substrates needed for metabolism and to remove carbon dioxide (CO2). Global and local control mechanisms act on the CVS in order to adjust blood flow to the different parts of the body. This, in turn, affects the RS since the amount of O2 and CO2 transported, respectively to and away from the tissues depends on the cardiac output and blood flow in both the systemic and pulmonary circuits of the CVS...
May 19, 2017: Mathematical Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531861/greenhouse-gases-from-membrane-bioreactors-mathematical-modelling-sensitivity-and-uncertainty-analysis
#15
Giorgio Mannina, Alida Cosenza, George A Ekama
In this study a new mathematical model to quantify greenhouse gas emissions (namely, carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide) from membrane bioreactors (MBRs) is presented. The model has been adopted to predict the key processes of a pilot plant with pre-denitrification MBR scheme, filled with domestic and saline wastewater. The model was calibrated by adopting an advanced protocol based on an extensive dataset. In terms of nitrous oxide, the results show that an important role is played by the half saturation coefficients related to nitrogen removal processes and the model factors affecting the oxygen transfer rate in the aerobic and MBR tanks...
September 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522498/rightsizing-carbon-dioxide-removal
#16
Christopher B Field, Katharine J Mach
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506358/-research-advances-in-noninvasive-high-frequency-oscillatory-ventilation-in-neonates
#17
Jia Huang, Lin Yuan, Chao Chen
Noninvasive ventilation is an important respiratory management technique for the treatment of mild or moderate respiratory failure in the neonatal intensive care unit. Its reasonable application can effectively avoid the use of invasive ventilation and related complications. Recent studies have found that noninvasive high-frequency oscillatory ventilation has the advantages of both nasal continuous positive airway pressure and high-frequency ventilation and can rapidly improve oxygenation, effectively remove carbon dioxide, and improve respiratory failure...
May 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484807/towards-the-isolation-and-estimation-of-elemental-carbon-in-atmospheric-aerosols-using-supercritical-fluid-extraction-and-thermo-optical-analysis
#18
Hafiz Abdul Azeem, Johan Martinsson, Kristina Eriksson Stenström, Erik Swietlicki, Margareta Sandahl
Air-starved combustion of biomass and fossil fuels releases aerosols, including airborne carbonaceous particles, causing negative climatic and health effects. Radiocarbon analysis of the elemental carbon (EC) fraction can help apportion sources of its emission, which is greatly constrained by the challenges in isolation of EC from organic compounds in atmospheric aerosols. The isolation of EC using thermo-optical analysis is however biased by the presence of interfering compounds that undergo pyrolysis during the analysis...
May 8, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464416/trade-offs-for-food-production-nature-conservation-and-climate-limit-the-terrestrial-carbon-dioxide-removal-potential
#19
Lena R Boysen, Wolfgang Lucht, Dieter Gerten
Large-scale biomass plantations (BPs) are a common factor in climate mitigation scenarios as they promise double benefits: extracting carbon from the atmosphere and providing a renewable energy source. However, their terrestrial carbon dioxide removal (tCDR) potentials depend on important factors such as land availability, efficiency of capturing biomass-derived carbon and the timing of operation. Land availability is restricted by the demands of future food production depending on yield increases and population growth, by requirements for nature conservation and, with respect to climate mitigation, avoiding unfavourable albedo changes...
May 2, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459004/immobilization-of-calb-on-activated-chitosan-application-to-enzymatic-synthesis-in-supercritical-and-near-critical-carbon-dioxide
#20
José C S Dos Santos, Horacio L Bonazza, Leonardo J B L de Matos, Elizabete A Carneiro, Oveimar Barbosa, Roberto Fernandez-Lafuente, Luciana R B Gonçalves, Hosiberto B de Sant' Ana, Rílvia S Santiago-Aguiar
The objective of this new paper was to evaluate the enzymatic esterification reaction conducted in supercritical or near-critical CO2, catalyzed by immobilized lipase B from Candida antarctica (CALB). The biocatalyst was prepared through the immobilization of CALB by covalent attachment using chitosan sequentially activated with Glycidol, ethylenediamine (EDA) and glutaraldehyde as support. In order to determine the best operational conditions of the esterification reaction (1: 1 (alcohol-acid); biocatalyst content, 10% (by substrate mass); 45 °C), an experimental design (2(3)) was conducted to evaluate the effects of the following parameters: alcohol to oil molar ratios, reaction time and temperature...
March 2017: Biotechnology Reports
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