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Employee Wellness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141601/associations-between-occupational-stress-burnout-and-well-being-among-manufacturing-workers-mediating-roles-of-psychological-capital-and-self-esteem
#1
Ziyue Wang, Hongbo Liu, Haijian Yu, Yanwen Wu, Shuai Chang, Lie Wang
BACKGROUND: Occupational stress is an important risk factor for mental health among occupational population. Exploring related mediators of workers' mental health are important to improve their health and performance. Our study aims to explore the relationships between work stress, positive psychological resources, burnout and well-being. METHODS: The study was performed during the period of June and July in 2015. A questionnaire that consisted of the Effort-reward Imbalance Scale, the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey, the Psychological Capital Questionnaire, the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale, the Flourishing Scale, as well as demographic and working factors...
November 15, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135368/an-analysis-of-a-biometric-screening-and-premium-incentive-based-employee-wellness-program-enrollment-patterns-cost-and-outcome
#2
Daniel D Maeng, Zhi Geng, Wendy M Marshall, Allison L Hess, Janet F Tomcavage
Since 2012, a large health care system has offered an employee wellness program providing premium discounts for those who voluntarily undergo biometric screenings and meet goals. This study evaluates the program impact on care utilization and total cost of care, taking into account employee self-selection into the program. A retrospective claims data analysis of 6453 employees between 2011 and 2015 was conducted, categorizing the sample into 3 mutually exclusive subgroups: Subgroup 1 enrolled and met goals in all years, Subgroup 2 enrolled or met goals in some years but not all, and Subgroup 3 never enrolled...
November 14, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132426/comment-on-a-re-assessment-of-the-safety-of-silver-in-household-water-treatment-rapid-systematic-review-of-mammalian-in-vivo-genotoxicity-studies
#3
EDITORIAL
Daniele Lantagne, Justine Rayner, Anjuliee Mittelman, Kurt Pennell
We wish to thank Fewtrell, Majuru, and Hunter for their article highlighting genotoxic risks associated with the use of particulate silver for primary drinking water treatment. The recent promotion of colloidal silver products for household water treatment in developing countries is problematic due to previously identified concerns regarding manufacturing quality and questionable advertising practices, as well as the low efficiency of silver nanoparticles to treat bacteria, viruses, and protozoa in source waters...
November 13, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123497/leadership-and-presenteeism-among-scientific-staff-the-role-of-accumulation-of-work-and-time-pressure
#4
Carolin Dietz, Tabea Scheel
The present study examines the joint roles of leadership and stressors for presenteeism of scientific staff. Leaders may have an impact on employees' health, both directly through interpersonal interactions and by shaping their working conditions. In the field of science, this impact could be special because of the mentoring relationships between the employees (e.g., PhD students) and their supervisors (e.g., professors). Based on the job demands-resources framework (JD-R), we hypothesized that the pressure to be present at the workplace induced by supervisors (supervisorial pressure) is directly related to employees' presenteeism as well as indirectly via perceptions of time pressure...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119956/-a-study-of-the-effective-psychotherapist-image-and-expectations-about-psychotherapy-among-the-employees-of-hazardous-occupations-policemen
#5
V A Agarkov, S A Bronfman, D Y Maltseva
BACKGRAUND: The objective of the present study was to estimate the expectations about psychotherapy in terms of social and medical rehabilitation among the employees of hazardous occupations suffering from the consequences of a psychological trauma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 100 subjects employed by various departments of the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs (MIA) were recruited to participate in the study. Their age varied from 19 to 35 (mean 25.8±3...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119586/self-reported-musculoskeletal-disorder-pain-the-role-of-job-hazards-and-work-life-interaction
#6
Victoria P Weale, Yvonne Wells, Jodi Oakman
BACKGROUND: Previous research identified an association between work-family conflict and musculoskeletal pain. This study explores how the work-life interface might affect pain experienced by residential aged care staff. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 426 employees in residential aged care was analyzed to assess the impacts of workplace hazards, work-family conflict, and work-life balance on self-reported musculoskeletal pain. RESULTS: Work-family conflict acts as a mediator of the relationships between workplace hazards and the total number of body regions at which musculoskeletal pain was experienced...
November 9, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118729/employees-perceived-opportunities-to-craft-and-in-role-performance-the-mediating-role-of-job-crafting-and-work-engagement
#7
Jessica van Wingerden, Rob F Poell
The present study was designed to gain knowledge of the relationship between employees' perceived opportunities to craft, their actual job crafting behavior and, in line with JD-R theory, subsequently their work engagement and performance. Although scholars have suggested that employees' perceived opportunities to craft their job may predict their actual job crafting behavior, which may have consequences for their well-being and performance, no study has examined the relationships between these variables. We collected data among a heterogeneous group of Dutch employees (N = 2090)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117426/get-on-board-realizing-full-partnerships-in-health-care
#8
Jake Creviston, Michael Polacek
Psychiatric-mental health nurses (PMHNs) have a strong leadership history, but challenges (e.g., subordinate roles to physicians) to presenting a professional persona have made it difficult to actualize nursing leadership and realize full partnership in health care reform. Physicians outnumber nurses approximately four to one on hospital and other boards, and data suggest this gap is widening. Time, preparation, desire to serve, lack of a unified voice, and being viewed as employees versus professionals are barriers to optimal nursing leadership...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117049/trauma-leadership-strategies-to-prevent-and-reduce-burnout-in-urban-academic-trauma-centers
#9
Melissa S Hockaday
The incidence of burnout syndrome is increasing among all health care disciplines. The core members of the trauma team in high-performing trauma centers are the greatest risk. It is the responsibility of trauma leadership to raise awareness of risk factors, implement standardized assessment tools, and develop strategies to mitigate burnout in employees. The consequences of burnout are devastating to providers' well-being as well as patient safety. Burnout can lead to increased risk of anxiety, depression, substance abuse, and suicide among team members...
November 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116658/interventions-to-improve-employee-health-and-well-being-within-health-care-organizations-a-systematic-review
#10
Stephen P Williams, Humza T Malik, Christopher R Nicolay, Sankalp Chaturvedi, Ara Darzi, Sanjay Purkayastha
In response to an increasing body of evidence on the importance of employee health and well-being (HWB) within health care, there has been a shift in focus from both policymakers and individual organizations toward improving health care employee HWB. However, there is something of a paucity of evidence regarding the impact and value of specific HWB interventions within a health care setting. The aim of this article was to systematically review the literature on this topic utilizing the EMBASE, Global Health, Health Management Information Consortium, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO databases...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Healthcare Risk Management: the Journal of the American Society for Healthcare Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112630/a-measure-of-team-resilience-developing-the-resilience-at-work-team-scale
#11
Kathryn McEwen, Carolyn M Boyd
OBJECTIVE: This study develops, and initial evaluates, a new measure of team-based resilience for use in research and practice. METHODS: We conducted preliminary analyses, based on a cross-sectional sample of 344 employees nested within 31 teams. RESULTS: Seven dimensions were identified through exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. The measure had high reliability and significant discrimination to indicate the presence of a unique team-based aspect of resilience that contributed to higher work engagement and higher self-rated team performance, over and above the effects of individual resilience...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112049/compassion-practices-nurse-well-being-and-ambulatory-patient-experience-ratings
#12
Laura E McClelland, Allison S Gabriel, Matthew J DePuccio
BACKGROUND: Compassion practices both recognize and reward compassion in the workplace as well as provide compassionate support to health care employees. However, these practices represent an underexplored organizational tool that may aid clinician well-being and positively impact patient ambulatory care experiences. OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between compassion practices and nursing staff well-being and clinic-level patients' experience ratings in the ambulatory clinic setting...
November 3, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110559/injury-among-home-care-workers-in-washington-state
#13
Allison K Hansell, Elizabeth S Knaster, Leslie E Phillips
Home Care Aides (HCAs) have nearly four times the rate of injury as the general U.S. work force. In 2015, the Service Employees International Union 775 Benefits Group conducted a health and safety survey with 672 HCAs in Washington State. The goal was to identify the risk factors for injury and to better assess injury rates through self-report. Quantitative analyses assessed injury prevalence and barriers in reporting injury. Overall, 13 percent responded that they had ever had an injury that required medical attention while working as an HCA...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104228/work-life-imbalance-and-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-south-korean-workers
#14
Young-Mee Kim, Sung-Il Cho
Employed workers often have family responsibilities such as childcare or homemaking. This dual burden may increase work-related health problems, particularly if there are conflicts between work and family responsibilities. This study assessed whether difficulty in work-life balance is associated with musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) among Korean employees. Data from the population-based Korean Working Conditions Survey of 2011, including 28,640 male and 21,392 female workers, were used. Men and women were analyzed separately to investigate gender differences...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103726/effect-of-post-pasteurization-contamination-on-fluid-milk-quality
#15
Nicole H Martin, Kathryn J Boor, Martin Wiedmann
Fluid milk quality in the United States has improved steadily over the last 2 decades, in large part due to the reduction in post-pasteurization contamination (PPC). Despite these improvements, some studies suggest that almost 50% of fluid milk still shows evidence of PPC with organisms that are able to grow at 6°C, even though PPC may be much less frequent in some facilities. Several gram-negative bacteria, when introduced as PPC, can grow rapidly at refrigeration temperatures around 6°C and can lead to bacterial levels above 20,000 cfu/mL (the regulatory limit for bacterial numbers in fluid milk in the United States) and spoilage that can be detected sensorially within 7 to 10 d of processing...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100252/guidelines-regarding-%C3%A2-16-of-the-german-transplantation-act-initial-experiences-with-structured-reporting
#16
Daniel Pinto Dos Santos, Gordon Arnhold, Peter Mildenberger, Christoph Düber, Roman Kloeckner
Purpose To transfer the report sheet from the guidelines regarding the German Transplantation Act to a standards-compliant report template and to evaluate it in the clinical routine. Materials and Methods The template was developed using the freely available software brackets.io. It was implemented in the clinical routine using a reporting platform developed in-house. Interfaces to the department RIS and PACS allowed for integration into the usual reporting workflow. The evaluation period was 70 days. Results Developing the template for implementation of the guidelines was possible without any difficulties...
November 3, 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097946/on-site-chiropractic-care-as-an-employee-benefit-a-single-location-case-study
#17
Salvatore J Minicozzi, Brent S Russell
Objective: The purpose of this report is to describe the role of on-site chiropractic care in one corporate environment. Methods: A part-time chiropractic practice that provides services to a single company on site, 1 day per week, is described. Most care is oriented toward "wellness," is paid for by the employer, and is limited only by the chiropractor's few weekly hours of on-site availability. With approval from the company, the authors conducted an absenteeism analysis after obtaining ethics approval and consent from employee-patients who received care between 2012 and 2014...
September 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093688/transformational-leadership-transactional-contingent-reward-and-organizational-identification-the-mediating-effect-of-perceived-innovation-and-goal-culture-orientations
#18
Athena Xenikou
Purpose: The aim of this research was to investigate the effect of transformational leadership and transactional contingent reward as complementary, but distinct, forms of leadership on facets of organizational identification via the perception of innovation and goal organizational values. Design/Methodology/Approach: Three studies were carried out implementing either a measurement of mediation or experimental-causal-chain design to test for the hypothesized effects. Findings: The measurement of mediation study showed that transformational leadership had a positive direct and indirect effect, via innovation value orientation, on cognitive identification, whereas transactional contingent reward was more strongly related to affective, rather than cognitive, identification, and goal orientation was a mediator of their link...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093579/-hygiene-and-legal-aspects-of-occupational-exposure-assessment-to-cytostatics
#19
REVIEW
Małgorzata Kupczewska-Dobecka, Anna Pałaszewska-Tkacz, Sławomir Czerczak, Katarzyna Konieczko
The employers responsibilities for the assessment of occupational exposure to cytostatics in the workplace were analyzed in the light of existing legal regulations. Cytostatics may pose a threat to health and life of workers taking care of patients treated oncologically, i.e., pharmacists, physicians, nurses and other personnel. The significant scale of occupational exposure to cytostatics in Poland is confirmed by the data collected in the Central Register of Data on Exposure to Carcinogenic or Mutagenic Substances, Mixtures, Agents or Technological Processes, maintained by the Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Łódź, Poland...
October 26, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091787/monitoring-and-evaluation-of-strategic-change-programme-implementation-lessons-from-a-case-analysis
#20
Jan Neumann, Andrew Robson, Diane Sloan
This study considered the monitoring and evaluation of a large-scale and domestic and global strategic change programme implementation. It considers the necessary prerequisites to overcome challenges and barriers that prevent systematic and effective monitoring and evaluation to take place alongside its operationalisation. The work involves a case study based on a major industrial company from the energy sector. The change programme makes particular reference to changes in business models, business processes, organisation structures as well as Enterprise Resource Planning infrastructure...
October 3, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
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