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Employee Wellness

Nanette L Yragui, Caitlin A Demsky, Leslie B Hammer, Sarah Van Dyck, Moni B Neradilek
Purpose: The present study examined the moderating effects of family-supportive supervisor behaviors (FSSB) on the relationship between two types of workplace aggression (i.e., patient-initiated physical aggression and coworker-initiated psychological aggression) and employee well-being and work outcomes. Methodology: Data were obtained from a field sample of 417 healthcare workers in two psychiatric hospitals. Hypotheses were tested using moderated multiple regression analyses...
April 2017: Journal of Business and Psychology
Aimée Gayed, Josie S Milligan-Saville, Jennifer Nicholas, Bridget T Bryan, Anthony D LaMontagne, Allison Milner, Ira Madan, Rafael A Calvo, Helen Christensen, Arnstein Mykletun, Nicholas Glozier, Samuel B Harvey
Managers are in an influential position to make decisions that can impact on the mental health and well-being of their employees. As a result, there is an increasing trend for organisations to provide managers with training in how to reduce work-based mental health risk factors for their employees. A systematic search of the literature was conducted to identify workplace interventions for managers with an emphasis on the mental health of employees reporting directing to them. A meta-analysis was performed to calculate pooled effect sizes using the random effects model for both manager and employee outcomes...
March 21, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Fareen Zaver, Nicole Battaglioli, William Denq, Anne Messman, Arlene Chung, Michelle Lin, Emberlynn L Liu
Introduction: Burnout, depression, and suicidality among residents of all specialties have become a critical focus for the medical education community, especially among learners in graduate medical education. In 2017 the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) updated the Common Program Requirements to focus more on resident wellbeing. To address this issue, one working group from the 2017 Resident Wellness Consensus Summit (RWCS) focused on wellness program innovations and initiatives in emergency medicine (EM) residency programs...
March 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Safâa Achnak, Yannick Griep, Tim Vantilborgh
Previous research showed that perceptions of psychological contract (PC) breach have undesirable individual and organizational consequences. Surprisingly, the PC literature has paid little to no attention to the relationship between PC breach perceptions and stress. A better understanding of how PC breach may elicit stress seems crucial, given that stress plays a key role in employees' physical and mental well-being. Based on Conservation of Resources Theory, we suggest that PC breach perceptions represent a perceived loss of valued resources, subsequently leading employees to experience higher stress levels resulting from emerging negative emotions...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Wolfgang George, G Andrè Banat, Johannes J Herrmann, Manuel J Richter
BACKGROUND: Own studies from the years 2013 and 2014 had shown that patients in hospital or inhabitants of nursing home get transferred even in their last, terminal phase of life. METHOD: In order to describe such transfers, a 27-item questionnaire was developed in 2016. This was addressed to employees from hospitals and nursing homes. The questionnaire determines the frequency of the laying (a), preferred periods (b), location (c) and influencing factors (d). 101 hospitals and 65 nursing homes of different sizes, carriers and federal states were included...
October 2017: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
S O Martins, O F Folasire, A E Irabor
Introduction: Prediabetes is a condition in which individuals have blood glucose levels higher than normal but not high enough to be classified as diabetes mellitus. Inadequate moderate-intensity physical activity, amidst other risk factors, is a well-documented risk factor for prediabetes. Hospital administrative staff can be particularly vulnerable to prediabetes because of the greater number of hours spent in a sitting or sedentary position during administrative duties. The aim of this study was to find the prevalence of prediabetes and to determine its predictors among administrative staff of a tertiary health centre in southwestern Nigeria...
December 2017: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
Jean-Eric Tarride, Allan Smofsky, Priscilla Nykoliation, Stephen Allain, Linda Lewis-Daly, David Satok, Jeremy Schwartz, Joshua Hart Pollack, Jason Robert Guertin, Roger S McIntyre
OBJECTIVES: There is a lack of Canadian data concerning the effectiveness of diabetes interventions in the workplace. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of Motivaction, a diabetes screening and education pilot program, in the workplace. METHODS: The Motivaction program involves a voluntary web-based diabetes health-risk assessment, the Canadian Diabetes Risk Questionnaire (CANRISK), combined with an opportunity for those eligible (i.e...
December 18, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
Philip M Gerwin, Rada M Norinsky, Ravi J Tolwani
Laboratory animal programs and core laboratories often set service rates based on cost estimates. However, actual costs may be unknown, and service rates may not reflect the actual cost of services. Accurately evaluating the actual costs of services can be challenging and time-consuming. We used a time-driven activity-based costing (ABC) model to determine the cost of services provided by a resource laboratory at our institution. The time-driven approach is a more efficient approach to calculating costs than using a traditional ABC model...
March 1, 2018: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
Barbara Nevicka, Annelies E M Van Vianen, Annebel H B De Hoogh, Bart C M Voorn
Although narcissists often emerge as leaders, research has thus far shown inconsistent results on the relationship between leader narcissism and effectiveness in the eyes of followers. Here we draw on leader distance theory (Shamir, 1995) and implicit leader theory (Lord & Maher, 1991) to propose that followers' assessment of a narcissistic leader and followers' overall job attitudes depend on the leader's visibility to the followers. The more opportunities followers have to observe narcissistic leaders the more they will experience these leaders' toxic behavior (e...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Applied Psychology
Huanhuan Hu, Naoko Sasaki, Takayuki Ogasawara, Satsue Nagahama, Shamima Akter, Keisuke Kuwahara, Takeshi Kochi, Masafumi Eguchi, Ikuko Kashino, Taizo Murakami, Makiko Shimizu, Akihiko Uehara, Makoto Yamamoto, Tohru Nakagawa, Toru Honda, Shuichiro Yamamoto, Ai Hori, Chihiro Nishiura, Hiroko Okazaki, Teppei Imai, Akiko Nishihara, Toshiaki Miyamoto, Kentaro Tomita, Isamu Kabe, Tetsuya Mizoue, Naoki Kunugita, Seitaro Dohi
Introduction: We aimed to determine the prospective association of smoking status, smoking intensity, and smoking cessation with the risk of hearing loss in a large Japanese cohort. Methods: The cohort study included 50195 employees, who were aged 20-64 years and free of hearing loss at baseline. Participants were followed up for a maximum of 8 years. Pure-tone audiometric testing was performed annually to identify hearing loss at 1 and 4 kHz. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to investigate the association between smoking and hearing loss...
March 14, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Marc N Jarczok, Corina Aguilar-Raab, Julian Koenig, Michael Kaess, Jeremy C Borniger, Randy J Nelson, Martica Hall, Beate Ditzen, Julian F Thayer, Joachim E Fischer
INTRODUCTION: Successful regulation of emotional states is positively associated to mental health, while difficulties in regulating emotions are negatively associated to overall mental health and in particular associated with anxiety or depression symptoms. A key structure associated to socio-emotional regulatory processes is the central autonomic network. Activity in this structure is associated to vagal activity can be indexed noninvasively and simply by measures of peripheral cardiac autonomic modulations such as heart rate variability...
March 15, 2018: Chronobiology International
Amy G Bryant, Jonas J Swartz
Crisis pregnancy centers are organizations that seek to intercept women with unintended pregnancies who might be considering abortion. Their mission is to prevent abortions by persuading women that adoption or parenting is a better option. They strive to give the impression that they are clinical centers, offering legitimate medical services and advice, yet they are exempt from regulatory, licensure, and credentialing oversight that apply to health care facilities. Because the religious ideology of these centers' owners and employees takes priority over the health and well-being of the women seeking care at these centers, women do not receive comprehensive, accurate, evidence-based clinical information about all available options...
March 1, 2018: AMA Journal of Ethics
Amanda T Parrish, Kristen Hammerback, Peggy A Hannon, Caitlin Mason, Michelle N Wilkie, Jeffrey R Harris
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify alignments between wellness offerings low socioeconomic status (SES) employees need and those large companies can provide. METHODS: Focus groups (employees); telephone interviews (large companies). Employees were low-SES, insured through their employers, and employed by large Washington State companies. Focus groups covered perceived barriers to healthy behaviors at work and potential support from companies. Interviews focused on priorities for employee health and challenges reaching low-SES employees...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Esso-Hanam Atake, Djesika D Amendah
BACKGROUND: In Togo, about half of health care costs are paid at the point of service, which reduces access to health care and exposes households to catastrophic health expenditure (CHE). To address this situation, the Togolese government introduced a National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) in 2011. This insurance currently covers only employees and retirees of the State as well as their dependents, although plans for extension exist. This study is the first attempt to examine the extent to which Togo's NHIS protects its members financially against the consequences of ill-health...
March 12, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Narges Alianmoghaddam, Suzanne Phibbs, Cheryl Benn
PURPOSE: Scant published qualitative literature exists focusing on why exclusive breastfeeding rates decline between three and six months. This study aims to develop an understanding of why exclusive breastfeeding tails off so dramatically between three and six months after birth in New Zealand. DESIGN AND METHODS: A generic qualitative methodology was employed in this study and social constructionism selected as the main epistemological framework underpinning the research...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Kristin Akerjordet, Trude Furunes, Annie Haver
AIM: To provide a synthesis of the evidence of health-promoting leadership related to nursing by exploring definitions, core attributes and critical conditions. BACKGROUND: Increasing pressure in health-care settings due to efficiency requirements, population aging with complex illnesses and projected global shortage of nurses, is a potential threat to nurses' health and job satisfaction, as well as patient quality of care and safety. New ways of thinking about nursing leadership and evidence-based human resource management are required to improve nursing environments...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Sara Viotti, Lynnette Essenmacher, Lydia E Hamblin, Judith E Arnetz
In spite of the considerable number of studies on co-worker incivility, knowledge on this topic needs to be further enhanced. In particular, no studies have focused on the reciprocal nature of the relationship of incivility with other important aspects of working life, i.e. employee well-being and the quality of the working process. The aim of the present study was to examine the cross-lagged associations among co-worker incivility, work-related exhaustion, and organisational efficiency in a sample of healthcare workers...
2018: Work and Stress
Emilia Mielniczuk, Mariola Łaguna
OBJECTIVES: The first aim of the study reported in this article was to test the factorial structure of job-related affect in a Polish sample. The second aim was to develop the Polish adaptation of the Warr's job-related affective well-being measure published in 1990, which is designed to assess 4 types of affect at work: anxiety, comfort, depression, enthusiasm. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A longitudinal study design with 2 measurement times was used for verifying the psychometric properties of the Polish version of the measure...
February 16, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
Lixin Jiang, Tahira M Probst, Wendi Benson, Jesse Byrd
Recent years have witnessed a staggeringly high number of workplace aggressive behaviors as well as employee accidents and injuries. Exposure to workplace aggression is associated with a host of negative psychological, emotional, and physiological outcomes, yet research relating workplace aggression to employee safety outcomes is lacking. This study aims to examine the association between exposure to workplace physical and verbal aggression with workplace injuries and underreporting of accidents and near misses...
March 5, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Susan Y Friedman, Mitchell T Rabkin
Hospital boards address quality of care and patient safety as well as financial performance through long-accepted practices. By contrast, a hospital's administrative operations and institutional culture are not usually subject to such detailed scrutiny. Yet, despite a healthy bottom line and patient commendations, hospital personnel can be underperforming, burdened with poor morale, and suffering from less than optimal leadership, unwarranted inefficiency, and ethically questionable management practices. The resulting employee dissatisfaction or disengagement can affect productivity, quality, turnover, innovation, patient and donor attraction and retention, public image, etc...
March 6, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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