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Employee Wellness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543269/building-expert-agreement-on-the-importance-and-feasibility-of-workplace-health-promotion-interventions-for-nurses-and-midwives-a-modified-delphi-consultation
#1
Lin Perry, Rachel Nicholls, Christine Duffield, Robyn Gallagher
AIM: To use a Delphi panel to determine the relative importance and feasibility of workplace health promotion interventions to promote and support the health of the Australian nursing and midwifery workforce BACKGROUND: The nursing workforce experiences rates of ill health above that of other workforces yet there is little investment in workplace health promotion. DESIGN: The study used a modified Delphi design conducted between September - November 2015. METHODS: Eleven of 19 purposively selected expert panellists discussed, rated and provided feedback through two rounds of an electronic questionnaire about the relative importance and feasibility of 46 workplace health promotion interventions and processes for nurses and midwives...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538056/engaging-all-employees-in-efforts-to-achieve-high-reliability
#2
Anne Marie Benedicto
DRAMATIC AND NUMEROUS advances in science, technology, and medicine provide new opportunities to keep people healthy as well as to diagnose, treat, and cure disease. Unfortunately, increasing complexity increases opportunities for mistakes and errors, particularly in healthcare organizations as they struggle to prevent patient harm (). Safety problems persist and harm to patients continues despite widespread attention to the need for improvement ().An engaged and empowered workforce is critical to improving the patient experience, improving health outcomes, and correcting unsafe conditions ()...
July 2017: Frontiers of Health Services Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537794/undermining-genetic-privacy-employee-wellness-programs-and-the-law
#3
Kathy L Hudson, Karen Pollitz
Genetic information is becoming ubiquitous in research and medicine. The cost of genetic analysis continues to fall, and its medical and personal value continues to grow. Anticipating this age of genetic medicine, policymakers passed laws and regulations years ago to protect Americans’ privacy and..
May 24, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536550/the-relationship-between-authoritarian-leadership-and-employees-deviant-workplace-behaviors-the-mediating-effects-of-psychological-contract-violation-and-organizational-cynicism
#4
Hongyan Jiang, Yang Chen, Peizhen Sun, Jun Yang
This study investigated the relationship between authoritarian leadership and employees' deviant workplace behaviors (DWB), as well as the mediating effects of psychological contract violation and organizational cynicism. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 391 manufacturing workers in a northern city of China. Structural equation modeling was performed to test the theory-driven models. The results showed that the relationship between authoritarian leadership and employees' DWB was mediated by organizational cynicism...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535717/association-of-wage-with-employee-participation-in-health-assessments-and-biometric-screening
#5
Bruce W Sherman, Carol Addy
PURPOSE: To understand differences in health risk assessment (HRA) and biometric screening participation rates among benefits-enrolled employees in association with wage category. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of employee eligibility file and health benefits (wellness and claims) data. SETTING: Data from self-insured employers participating in the RightOpt private exchange (Conduent HR Services) during 2014. PARTICIPANTS: Active employees from 4 companies continuously enrolled in health insurance for which wage data were available...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535105/the-importance-of-economic-perspective-and-quantitative-approaches-in-oncology-value-frameworks-of-drug-selection-and-shared-decision-making
#6
A Reginald Waldeck, Marc F Botteman, Richard E White, Ben A van Hout
The debate around value in oncology drug selection has been prominent in recent years, and several professional bodies have furthered this debate by advocating for so-called value frameworks. Herein, we provide a viewpoint on these value frameworks, emphasizing the need to consider 4 key aspects: (1) the economic underpinnings of value; (2) the importance of the perspective adopted in the valuation; (3) the importance of the difference between absolute and relative measures of risk and measuring patient preferences; and (4) the recognition of multiple quality-of-life (QoL) domains, and the aggregation and valuation of those domains, through utilities within a multicriteria decision analysis, may allow prioritization of QoL above the tallying of safety events, particularly in a value framework focusing on the individual patient...
June 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532732/nurses-health-promoting-lifestyle-behaviors-in-a-community-hospital
#7
Emma Kurnat-Thoma, Majeda El-Banna, Monica Oakcrum, Jill Tyroler
PURPOSE: To examine nurses' health-promoting lifestyle behaviors, describe their self-reported engagement in employee wellness program benefit options, and explore relationships between nurse demographic factors, health characteristics and lifestyle behaviors. BACKGROUND: Nurses adopting unhealthy lifestyle behaviors are at significantly higher risk for developing a number of chronic diseases and are at increased susceptibility to exhaustion, job dissatisfaction and turnover...
June 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530031/celecoxib-for-osteoarthritis
#8
REVIEW
Livia Puljak, Ana Marin, Davorka Vrdoljak, Filipa Markotic, Ana Utrobicic, Peter Tugwell
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis and is caused by degeneration of the joint cartilage and growth of new bone, cartilage and connective tissue. It is often associated with major disability and impaired quality of life. There is currently no consensus on the best treatment to improve OA symptoms. Celecoxib is a selective non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical benefits (pain, function, quality of life) and safety (withdrawals due to adverse effects, serious adverse effects, overall discontinuation rates) of celecoxib in osteoarthritis (OA)...
May 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529910/generalizable-items-of-quantitative-and-qualitative-cornerstones-for-personnel-requirement-of-physicians-in-anesthesia
#9
REVIEW
Manfred Weiss, Rolf Rossaint, Thomas Iber
Anesthesiologists perform a broad spectrum of tasks. However, in many countries, there is no legal basis for personnel staffing of physicians in anesthesia. Also, the German diagnosis related groups system for refunding does not deliver such a basis. Thus, in 2006 a new calculation base for the personnel requirement that included an Excel calculation sheet was introduced by the German Board of Anesthesiologists (BDA) and the German Society of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine (DGAI), and updated in 2009 and 2015...
May 4, 2017: World Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529491/decision-making-processes-in-the-workplace-how-exhaustion-lack-of-resources-and-job-demands-impair-them-and-affect-performance
#10
Andrea Ceschi, Evangelia Demerouti, Riccardo Sartori, Joshua Weller
The present study aims to connect more the I/O and the decision-making psychological domains, by showing how some common components across jobs interfere with decision-making and affecting performance. Two distinct constructs that can contribute to positive workplace performance have been considered: decision-making competency (DMCy) and decision environment management (DEM). Both factors are presumed to involve self-regulatory mechanisms connected to decision processes by influencing performance in relation to work environment conditions...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526715/cancer-incidence-in-female-laboratory-employees-extended-follow-up-of-a-swedish-cohort-study
#11
Per Gustavsson, Tomas Andersson, Annika Gustavsson, Christina Reuterwall
OBJECTIVES: Work in chemical laboratories is associated with exposure to chemicals, of which some are known or suspected carcinogens. A cohort study of laboratory workers in Stockholm followed until 1992 showed an excess of hematolymphatic malignancies in chemical laboratories and an excess of breast cancer among women working for more than 10 years in such laboratories. The follow-up of this cohort has now been extended by 20 years. METHODS: The cohort comprised 2245 female laboratory workers who are employed for >1 year from 1950 to 1989...
May 19, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526254/associations-between-midlife-insomnia-symptoms-and-earlier-retirement
#12
Lauren Hale, Lee Singer, Jodi H Barnet, Paul E Peppard, Erika W Hagen
BACKGROUND: Insomnia symptoms are prevalent and associated with impaired health and well-being. However, scant research has investigated whether midlife insomnia symptoms are also associated with earlier retirement, thereby contributing to additional economic consequences. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: We analyzed data from a community-based sample of 1635 Wisconsin State employees (51.6% women) that were collected from 1988 until 2014. Study participants were asked about insomnia symptoms (difficulty getting to sleep, difficulty getting back to sleep, repeated nocturnal awakenings, and early morning awakenings) in midlife, with prospective follow-up questions about the specific reasons for retirement between 2010 and 2014...
June 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512365/-temperament-risk-factor-for-mental-health-disturbances-in-the-judiciary-staff
#13
Katarzyna Orlak, Jan Tylka
BACKGROUND: The aim of this paper was to examine how temperament might moderate the health impact of psychosocial hazards at work and thus to attempt to identify the temperament risk factor in the judiciary staff. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The data were collected from 355 court employees, including judges, judicial assistants, court clerks and service workers from criminal, civil, commercial as well as from labor and social insurance divisions. The psychosocial work environment was measured with the Psychosocial Working Conditions Questionnaire by Cieślak and Widerszal-Bazyl, temperament with Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory adopted by Hornowska and employee health status was screened with Goldberg's General Health Questionnaire- 28 (GHQ-28) adopted by Makowska and Merecz...
May 16, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511642/impact-of-a-workplace-sit-less-move-more-program-on-efficiency-related-outcomes-of-office-employees
#14
Anna Puig-Ribera, Judit Bort-Roig, Maria Giné-Garriga, Angel M González-Suárez, Iván Martínez-Lemos, Jesús Fortuño, Joan C Martori, Laura Muñoz-Ortiz, Raimon Milà, Nicholas D Gilson, Jim McKenna
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the impact of 'sit less, move more' interventions on workplace performance. This study assessed the short and mid-term impacts of and patterns of change within, a 19-week workplace web-based intervention (Walk@WorkSpain; W@WS; 2010-11) on employees´ presenteeism, mental well-being and lost work performance. METHODS: A site randomised control trial recruited employees at six Spanish university campuses (n = 264; 42 ± 10 years; 171 female), assigned by worksite and campus to an Intervention (IG; used W@WS; n = 129; 87 female) or an active Comparison group (A-CG; pedometer, paper diary and self-reported sitting time; n = 135; 84 female)...
May 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503219/situation-analysis-of-community-pharmacy-owners-in-lebanon
#15
Souheil Hallit, Rony M Zeenny, Georges Sili, Pascale Salameh
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the current community pharmacists' interventions and job satisfaction, secondary to the alteration in the financial rewards. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out, using a proportionate random sample of Lebanese community pharmacy owners from all districts of Lebanon. RESULTS: Out of 1618 distributed questionnaires, 1465 (90.5%) were collected back from pharmacy owners. Our study results showed that the monthly sales and profit decreased significantly in the last decade as well as the number of loyal customers (p<0...
January 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494753/preventing-sickness-absenteeism-among-employees-with-common-mental-disorders-or-stress-related-symptoms-at-work-design-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-problem-solving-based-intervention-versus-care-as-usual-conducted-at-the-occupational-health
#16
G Bergström, M Lohela-Karlsson, L Kwak, L Bodin, I Jensen, M Torgén, L Nybergh
BACKGROUND: Common mental disorders (CMDs) are among the leading causes of sick leave in Sweden and other OECD countries. They result in suffering for the individual and considerable financial costs for the employer and for society at large. The occupational health service (OHS) can offer interventions in which both the individual and the work situation are taken into account. The aim of this paper is to describe the design of a study evaluating the effectiveness of an intervention given at the OHS to employees with CMDs or stress-related symptoms at work...
May 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493738/helping-others-increases-meaningful-work-evidence-from-three-experiments
#17
Blake A Allan, Ryan D Duffy, Brian Collisson
The aim of the current research was to examine whether manipulating task significance increased the meaningfulness of work among students (Study 1), an online sample of working adults (Study 2), and public university employees (Study 3). In Study 1, students completed a typing task for the benefit of themselves, a charity, or someone they knew would directly benefit from their work. People who worked to benefit someone else, rather than themselves, reported greater task meaningfulness. In Study 2, a representative, online sample of employees reflected on a time when they worked to benefit themselves or someone else at work...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486056/the-association-between-changes-in-employee-sleep-and-changes-in-workplace-health-and-economic-outcomes
#18
Chin-Yu Chen, Alyssa B Schultz, Xingquan Li, Wayne N Burton
Sleep disturbance is negatively associated with workplace productivity. This study sought to identify whether or not changes in sleep from 2012 to 2013 were associated with changes in health risks, medical conditions, or workplace economic outcomes. Employees of a Fortune 100 financial services corporation were categorized based on changes in self-reported hours of sleep from 2012 to 2013 and compared based on their health risk factors, medical conditions, health care costs, and productivity measures. Consistently poor sleepers had more health risks and medical conditions compared to consistently optimal sleepers...
May 9, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485202/clinical-and-economic-impact-of-hyperkalemia-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-and-heart-failure
#19
Michael Polson, Todd C Lord, Anne Kangethe, Lindsay Speicher, Carolyn Farnum, Melanie Brenner, Nina Oestreicher, Paula Alvarez
BACKGROUND: Hyperkalemia (HK) is a concern for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and heart failure (HF), and for those receiving treatments that inhibit the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAASi). An analysis of 1.7 million medical records of patients in the United States revealed that among individuals with more than 2 potassium values during 2007 to 2012, HK was detected in 34.6% of patients with CKD and 30.0% of patients with HF. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of HK and use of RAASi therapies at optimal and suboptimal doses in patients with CKD and/or HF with health care resource utilization and overall cost of care in a diverse cohort of commercially insured patients...
April 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482092/the-influence-of-zero-hours-contracts-on-care-worker-well-being
#20
J M Ravalier, A R Fidalgo, R Morton, L Russell
Background: Care workers have an important social role which is set to expand with the increasing age of the UK population. However, the majority of care workers are employed on zero-hours contracts. Aims: Firstly, to investigate the relationship between working conditions and employee outcomes such as engagement and general mental well-being in a sample of UK care workers and management. Secondly, to assess whether the use of zero-hours contracts affects employee well-being...
May 7, 2017: Occupational Medicine
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