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Employee Wellness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334117/the-relationship-between-office-type-and-job-satisfaction-testing-a-multiple-mediation-model-through-ease-of-interaction-and-well-being
#1
Tobias Otterbring, Jörg Pareigis, Erik Wästlund, Alexander Makrygiannis, Anton Lindström
Objectives This cross-sectional study investigated the associations between office type (cellular, shared-room, small open-plan, and medium-sized open-plan) and employees' ease of interaction with coworkers, subjective well-being, and job satisfaction. Methods A brief survey including measures of office type, ease of interaction with coworkers, subjective well-being, and job satisfaction was sent electronically to 1500 Swedish real-estate agents, 271 of whom returned usable surveys. The data were analyzed using a regression-based serial multiple mediation model (PROCESS Model 6), which tested whether the relationship between office type and job satisfaction would be mediated by ease of interaction and, in turn, subjective well-being...
January 15, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327495/challenge-and-hindrance-demands-lead-to-employees-health-and-behaviours-through-intrinsic-motivation
#2
Minseo Kim, Terry A Beehr
Based on the job demand-resource theory, this study examined the differential relationships of two types of job demands, challenge and hindrance stressors, with three outcomes: ill health, organizational citizenship behaviour, and work engagement. These relationships were mediated by two personal resources: psychological empowerment and organization-based self-esteem (OBSE). Data were collected at two separate points, 2 weeks apart. With 336 full-time U.S. employees, results from path analysis indicated that the challenge stressor, workload, was positively related to psychological empowerment and OBSE, both of which were in turn positively related to good work behaviours as well as negatively related to ill health, an indication that employees experienced physical symptoms and psychological strains...
January 12, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325179/comprehensive-profiles-of-psychological-and-social-work-factors-as-predictors-of-site-specific-and-multi-site-pain
#3
Jan Olav Christensen, Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Live Bakke Finne, Stein Knardahl
Objective Despite the multifactoriality of work and health, studies of psychosocial work factors with pain are typically limited to a few factors. This study examined a wide range of factors to determine (i) typical combinations of work factor levels ("work situations") and (ii) whether "work situations" predicted pain complaints of six anatomic regions. Methods Questionnaires were distributed to 6175 employees twice over a two-year period. Latent profile analysis was conducted to group employees into profiles of work factor levels...
January 11, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323503/effective-coping-with-supervisor-conflict-depends-on-control-implications-for-work-strains
#4
Erin M Eatough, Chu-Hsiang Chang
This study examined the interactive effects of interpersonal conflict at work, coping strategy, and perceived control specific to the conflict on employee work strain using multisource and time-lagged data across two samples. In Sample 1, multisource data was collected from 438 employees as well as data from participant-identified secondary sources (e.g., significant others, best friends). In Sample 2, time-lagged data from 100 full-time employees was collected in a constructive replication. Overall, findings suggested that the success of coping efforts as indicated by lower strains hinges on the combination of the severity of the stressor, perceived control over the stressor, and coping strategy used (problem-focused vs...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320444/preliminary-analyses-showed-short-term-mental-health-improvements-after-a-single-day-manager-training
#5
Elena Boysen, Birgitta Schiller, Kathrin Mörtl, Harald Gündel, Michael Hölzer
Psychosocial working conditions attract more and more attention when it comes to mental health in the workplace. Trying to support managers to deal with their own as well as their employees' psychological risk factors, we conducted a specific manager training. Within this investigation, we wanted to learn about the training's effects and acceptance. A single-day manager training was provided in a large industrial company in Germany. The participants were asked to fill out questionnaires regarding their own physical and mental health condition as well as their working situation...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320337/improving-resiliency-in-healthcare-employees
#6
Brooke L Werneburg, Sarah M Jenkins, Jamie L Friend, Bridget E Berkland, Matthew M Clark, Jordan K Rosedahl, Heather R Preston, Denise C Daniels, Beth A Riley, Kerry D Olsen, Amit Sood
OBJECTIVES: The high prevalence of stress at the workplace has been well documented; however, few studies have investigated the efficacy of worksite resiliency programs. Therefore, the objec- tive of this project was to examine the impact of a worksite resilience training program on improving resiliency and health behaviors in healthcare employees. METHODS: Between 2012 and 2016, 137 adult wellness center members of a healthcare institution participating in a single-arm cohort study of a 12-week resiliency training program were assessed at baseline, end of intervention, and at 3-month follow-up...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320232/barriers-to-the-adoption-of-wearable-sensors-in-the-workplace-a-survey-of-occupational-safety-and-health-professionals
#7
Mark C Schall, Richard F Sesek, Lora A Cavuoto
OBJECTIVE: To gather information on the (a) types of wearable sensors, particularly personal activity monitors, currently used by occupational safety and health (OSH) professionals; (b) potential benefits of using such technologies in the workplace; and (c) perceived barriers preventing the widespread adoption of wearable sensors in industry. BACKGROUND: Wearable sensors are increasingly being promoted as a means to improve employee health and well-being, and there is mounting evidence supporting their use as exposure assessment and personal health tools...
January 1, 2018: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319244/seroprevalence-of-toxoplasma-gondii-among-pregnant-women-in-northeast-india
#8
Biswajyoti Borkakoty, Dipankar Biswas, Aniruddha Jakharia, Jagadish Mahanta
Objective: Toxoplasma gondii infection is primarily asymptomatic and one third of world's population is estimated to be infected by this protozoan parasite. This study was carried out to determine the seroprevalence of T. gondii infection among pregnant women from north east India, where data on this important parasitic infection is scanty. Methods: A total of 1141 serum archival samples collected from antenatal clinic attendees in 2007-09, were screened for T. gondii IgG by ELISA and analyzed with their socio demographic information...
October 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318699/-it-breaks-your-soul-an-in-depth-exploration-of-workplace-injustice-in-nursing
#9
Natalie Skinner, Paul Van Dijk, Christina Stothard, Erich C Fein
AIM(S): To understand nurses' experiences of injustice in the workplace and to identify the impact of injustice on well-being. BACKGROUND: Little is known about how nurses view injustice or its effects on their well-being, although research indicates that such perceptions are central to workplace practices such as performance management and outcomes such as employee well-being. METHOD(S): A qualitative study was conducted with semi-structured interviews for nurses employed in Australian public hospitals...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315806/five-country-manikin-study-found-that-neonatologists-preferred-using-the-lisacath-rather-than-the-angiocath-for-less-invasive-surfactant-administration
#10
Laura Fabbri, Katrin Klebermass-Schrehof, Marta Aguar, Catherine Harrison, Ewa Gulczyńska, Debora Santoro, Marco Di Castri, Vincent Rigo
AIM: Less invasive surfactant administration (LISA) has been shown to decrease the risk of death and bronchopulmonary dysplasia in preterm neonates. The LISAcath is the first catheter to be specifically developed for LISA and we compared the clinical impressions of neonatologists using the LISAcath and the commonly-used Angiocath in a simulated setting. METHODS: This was a multinational, multicentre study, conducted in October 2016, which involved 39 neonatologists who were recruited by employees of the sponsor from large, well-recognised neonatal intensive care units across Europe...
January 5, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315278/a-qualitative-study-of-hr-ohs-stress-interventions-in-australian-universities
#11
Silvia Pignata, Anthony H Winefield, Carolyn M Boyd, Chris Provis
To enhance the understanding of psychosocial factors and extend research on work stress interventions, we investigated the key human resource (HR)/occupational health and safety (OHS) stress interventions implemented at five Australian universities over a three-year period. Five senior HR Directors completed an online survey to identify the intervention strategies taken at their university in order to reduce stress and enhance employee well-being and morale. We also explored the types of individual-, organization-, and individual/organization-directed interventions that were implemented, and the strategies that were prioritized at each university...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303827/transitioning-to-a-new-facility-the-crucial-role-of-employee-engagement
#12
Meredith Slosberg, Adeleh Nejati, Jennie Evans, Upali Nanda
Transitioning to a new facility can be challenging for employees and detrimental to operations. A key aspect of the transition is employee understanding of, and involvement in, the design of the new facility. The literature lacks a comprehensive study of the impact of change engagement throughout the design, construction, and activation of a project as well as how that can affect perceptions, expectations, and, eventually, satisfaction of employees. The purpose of this research was to examine employee perceptions and satisfaction throughout a hospital design, construction, and activation process...
January 2018: Journal of Healthcare Management / American College of Healthcare Executives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303109/-protocols-related-to-food-allergies-and-intolerances-in-preschools-in-reykjavik-iceland
#13
Adalheidur Ran Thrastardottir, Frida Run Thordardottir, Johanna Torfadottir
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to explore prevalence of food allergies and intolerances among children in preschools in Reykjavik, Iceland. Also, to investigate how well preschools maintain a safe environment for children with food allergies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 2014, a questionnaire designed specifically for this study, was sent to 65 preschools. Forty-nine participated (75%) representing a total of 4225 children. Prevalence of food allergy and intolerance was determined based on medical certificates from physi-cians delivered to the preschools...
January 2018: Læknablađiđ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302095/the-report-of-the-2016-2017-professional-affairs-standing-committee-formally-embracing-and-engaging-preceptors-in-the-academy-the-time-has-come
#14
Karen Whalen Chair, Daniel S Aistrope, Jason Ausili, Kathleen H Besinque, Elizabeth A Cardello, Philip M Hritcko, George E MacKinnon, Eric Maroyka, Elizabeth Sutton Burke, I Shane Trent, Lynette R Bradley-Baker
The 2016-2017 AACP Professional Affairs Committee (PAC) was charged to examine strategies to include adjunct/affiliate preceptors as AACP members and to determine the value proposition of AACP membership for this group of educators. The PAC defined adjunct/affiliate preceptors as preceptors who are neither full-time employees nor have a primary employment commitment (≥50% of the preceptor's work salary) at a school/college of pharmacy. Specific charges to the PAC included: recommend an approach to increase the number of adjunct/affiliate preceptors as AACP members, examine AACP membership from an adjunct/affiliate preceptor value perspective, and prepare a concise summary of available literature describing value-added contributions of student pharmacists and pharmacy preceptors to pharmacy practice models, interprofessional education (IPE) and interprofessional practice (IPP)...
November 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298183/an-integrated-career-coaching-and-time-banking-system-promoting-flexibility-wellness-and-success-a-pilot-program-at-stanford-university-school-of-medicine
#15
Magali Fassiotto, Caroline Simard, Christy Sandborg, Hannah Valantine, Jennifer Raymond
Faculty in academic medicine experience multiple demands on their time at work and at home, which can become a source of stress and dissatisfaction, compromising success. A taskforce convened to diagnose the state of work-life flexibility at Stanford University School of Medicine uncovered two major sources of conflict for faculty: work-life conflict, caused by juggling demands of career and home, and work-work conflict, caused by competing priorities of the tripartite research, teaching, and clinical mission of an academic medical center combined with service and administrative tasks...
January 2, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297379/constructing-an-integrated-gene-similarity-network-for-the-identification-of-disease-genes
#16
Zhen Tian, Maozu Guo, Chunyu Wang, LinLin Xing, Lei Wang, Yin Zhang
BACKGROUND: Discovering novel genes that are involved human diseases is a challenging task in biomedical research. In recent years, several computational approaches have been proposed to prioritize candidate disease genes. Most of these methods are mainly based on protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks. However, since these PPI networks contain false positives and only cover less half of known human genes, their reliability and coverage are very low. Therefore, it is highly necessary to fuse multiple genomic data to construct a credible gene similarity network and then infer disease genes on the whole genomic scale...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Semantics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295017/client-violence-against-youth-care-workers-findings-of-an-exploratory-study-of-workforce-issues-in-residential-treatment
#17
Yvonne Smith, Lex Colletta, Anna E Bender
Residential treatment centers (RTCs) for youth are plagued by high turnover of youth care workers who provide round-the-clock treatment and supervision to youth with severe affective and behavioral problems. This article presents findings from a 15-month ethnographic study of workforce issues in one RTC related to youth care workers' exposure to client violence (CV). Findings are based on 65 semistructured interviews and 490 hours of participant observation with consenting employees. Participants reported CV incidents, including punching, kicking, biting, hair pulling, choking, threats or assaults with a weapon, and other physical and sexualized violence...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294919/workplace-victimization-and-discrimination-in-china-a-nationwide-survey
#18
Huiping Zhang
Workplace victimization and discrimination have been intensively studied in the West, especially on the antecedents and consequences of this phenomenon. Surprisingly, little is known about the incidence and associated health problems of workplace victimization and discrimination in contemporary China. Using a representative nationwide sample of 1,138 Chinese employees conducted in 2015, this study attempted to estimate the prevalence, risk factors, and associated consequences of workplace victimization and discrimination in China...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294832/domestic-violence-against-women-working-in-four-educational-hospitals-in-iran
#19
Hojat Sheikhbardsiri, Ahmadreza Raeisi, Gholamreza Khademipour
Domestic violence is a serious threat to the health of women in the world and derives from several factors. Therefore, due to the importance of this issue, this study aimed to determine domestic violence against women in four educational hospitals in Iran as a Muslim country. The study employed a cross-sectional design and was conducted in four educational hospitals supervised by the Kerman University of Medical Sciences in 2016. Using a researcher-made questionnaire, we assessed factors associated with domestic violence in female employees using a census method ( N = 400)...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294550/-association-of-job-burnout-with-subjective-well-being-and-health-status-among-employees-from-29-provinces-in-china
#20
C J Xu, Y Xiao, N Pan, J Ye, Q X Lin, Y Jin
Objective: To investigate the influence of job burnout on subjective well-being and health status among employees in China. Methods: The data from the 2014 China Labor-force Dynamic Survey were used to analyze the association of job burnout with subjective well-being and health status among 7289 employees aged 18-64 years from 29 provinces in China.Some items from the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey were used to investigate job burnout; subjective well-being assessment included life happiness and degree of satisfaction with living condition; the questions for self-evaluation of health status were used to analyze health status...
October 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
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