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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915302/prevalence-of-gingivitis-in-a-group-of-35-to-70-year-olds-residing-in-puerto-rico
#1
Augusto R Elías-Boneta, Angeliz Encarnación, Sona Rivas-Tumanyan, Beatriz C Berríos-Ouslán, Bayardo García-Godoy, Margarita Murillo, Jomar Diaz-Nicolas, Ferdinand Lugo, Milagros J Toro
OBJECTIVE: Gingivitis, an inflammation of the gingival tissues, typically progresses to periodontitis. The objective of this study is to estimate the prevalence of gingivitis in 35- to 70-year-olds residing in San Juan, Puerto Rico, and assess the differences in gingivitis distribution between age and gender groups. METHODS: A cross-sectional epidemiological study was conducted with a sample of patients from a private practice and patients/employees of the Puerto Rico Medical Center...
September 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912741/daily-use-of-energy-management-strategies-and-occupational-well-being-the-moderating-role-of-job-demands
#2
Stacey L Parker, Hannes Zacher, Jessica de Bloom, Thomas M Verton, Corine R Lentink
We examine the relationships among employees' use of energy management strategies and two occupational well-being outcomes: job satisfaction and emotional exhaustion. Based on conservation of resources theory, it was hypothesized that employees with high job demands would benefit more from using energy management strategies (i.e., including prosocial, organizing, and meaning-related strategies), compared to employees with low job demands. We tested this proposition using a quantitative diary study. Fifty-four employees provided data twice daily across one work week (on average, 7 daily entries)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890355/impact-of-a-workplace-physical-activity-tracking-program-on-biometric-health-outcomes
#3
Jiani Yu, Jean M Abraham, Bryan Dowd, Lucas F Higuera, John A Nyman
Wellness programs are a popular strategy utilized by large U.S. employers. As mobile health applications and wearable tracking devices increase in prevalence, many employers now offer physical activity tracking applications. This longitudinal study evaluates the impact of engagement with a web-based, physical activity tracking program on changes in individuals' biometric outcomes in an employer population. The study population includes active employees and adult dependents continuously enrolled in an eligible health plan and who have completed at least two biometric screenings (n=36,882 person-years with 11,436 unique persons) between 2011 and 2014...
September 8, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890352/social-cognitive-aspects-of-the-participation-in-workplace-health-promotion-as-revealed-by-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#4
Stefan Röttger, Johanna Maier, Larissa Krex-Brinkmann, Jens T Kowalski, Annika Krick, Jörg Felfe, Michael Stein
Health-promoting efforts strongly depend on individual cognitions such as attitudes as well as social cognitive aspects of the work environment such as leadership and support. Using the theory of planned behavior (TPB) as a theoretical frame, participation behavior of employees in courses offered by the workplace health promotion (WHP) program of the German Armed Forces was investigated. Social cognitive aspects of the work environment, such as leadership behaviors by setting an example or optimizing organization of work, were included in the TPB components of subjective norm and perceived behavioral control, which allowed for an investigation of the specific effects of leadership on WHP participation...
September 8, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887747/reliability-and-validity-of-the-work-and-well-being-inventory-wbi-for-employees
#5
A A Vendrig, F G Schaafsma
Purpose The purpose of this study is to measure the psychometric properties of the Work and Wellbeing Inventory (WBI) (in Dutch: VAR-2), a screening tool that is used within occupational health care and rehabilitation. Our research question focused on the reliability and validity of this inventory. Methods Over the years seven different samples of workers, patients and sick listed workers varying in size between 89 and 912 participants (total: 2514), were used to measure the test-retest reliability, the internal consistency, the construct and concurrent validity, and the criterion and predictive validity...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886088/an-empirical-research-on-relationships-between-subjective-judgement-technology-acceptance-tendency-and-knowledge-transfer
#6
Yu-Hsi Yuan, Sang-Bing Tsai, Chien-Yun Dai, Hsiao-Ming Chen, Wan-Fei Chen, Chia-Huei Wu, Guodong Li, Jiangtao Wang
The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships among employees' usage intention pertaining to mobile information devices, focusing on subjective judgement, technology acceptance tendency, information sharing behavior and information transfer. A research model was established to verify several hypotheses. The research model based on integrated concepts of knowledge management and technology acceptance modeling. Participants were employees of enterprises in Taiwan, selected by combining snowball and convenience sampling...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885990/financial-performance-employee-well-being-and-client-well-being-in-for-profit-and-not-for-profit-nursing-homes-a-systematic-review
#7
Aline Bos, Paul Boselie, Margo Trappenburg
BACKGROUND: Expanding the opportunities for for-profit nursing home care is a central theme in the debate on the sustainable organization of the growing nursing home sector in Western countries. PURPOSES: We conducted a systematic review of the literature over the last 10 years in order to determine the broad impact of nursing home ownership in the United States. Our review has two main goals: (a) to find out which topics have been studied with regard to financial performance, employee well-being, and client well-being in relation to nursing home ownership and (b) to assess the conclusions related to these topics...
October 2017: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881792/long-working-hours-job-satisfaction-and-depressive-symptoms-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study-among-japanese-employees-in-small-and-medium-scale-businesses
#8
Akinori Nakata
Although long working hours have been suspected to be a risk factor for depressive symptoms (DS), it is not well understood the conditions under which long working hours are associated with it. This study investigated the moderating effect of job satisfaction on the relationship between working hours and DS. A total of 2,375 full-time non-shift day workers (73% men), aged 18-79 (mean 45) years, in 296 small- and medium-scale businesses were surveyed using a self-administered questionnaire evaluating working hours, job satisfaction, DS and covariates...
August 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872333/examining-wellness-programs-over-time-predicting-participation-and-workplace-outcomes
#9
Catherine J Ott-Holland, William J Shepherd, Ann Marie Ryan
The return on investment of employer wellness programs has been heavily debated in recent years, yet existing research has failed to adequately assess the psychological factors that motivate program participation and how participation relates to organizationally relevant employee attitudes and behaviors. Using data over a 3-year period, we found beliefs about the value of employee wellness programs and perceived organizational support (POS) for wellness to be linked to wellness program participation through the mediation of intention to participate in the wellness program...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868624/employment-insecurity-and-employees-health-in-denmark
#10
Elena Cottini, Paolo Ghinetti
We use register data for Denmark (IDA) merged with the Danish Work Environment Cohort Survey (1995, 2000, and 2005) to estimate the effect of perceived employment insecurity on perceived health for a sample of Danish employees. We consider two health measures from the SF-36 Health Survey Instrument: a vitality scale for general well-being and a mental health scale. We first analyse a summary measure of employment insecurity. Instrumental variables-fixed effects estimates that use firm workforce changes as a source of exogenous variation show that 1 additional dimension of insecurity causes a shift from the median to the 25th percentile in the mental health scale and to the 30th in that of energy/vitality...
September 4, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863730/the-challenges-of-identifying-and-classifying-child-sexual-abuse-material
#11
Juliane A Kloess, Jessica Woodhams, Helen Whittle, Tim Grant, Catherine E Hamilton-Giachritsis
The aim of the present study was to (a) assess the reliability with which indecent images of children (IIOC) are classified as being of an indecent versus nonindecent nature, and (b) examine in detail the decision-making process engaged in by law enforcement personnel who undertake the difficult task of identifying and classifying IIOC as per the current legislative offense categories. One experienced researcher and four employees from a police force in the United Kingdom coded an extensive amount of IIOC ( n = 1,212-2,233) to determine if they (a) were deemed to be of an indecent nature, and (b) depicted a child...
August 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861749/taking-the-hassle-out-of-wellness-do-peers-and-health-matter
#12
Shooshan Danagoulian
Despite substantial financial incentives provided by the Affordable Care Act and employers, employee enrollment in wellness programs is low. This paper studies enrollment in a wellness program offered along an employer-provided health insurance plan. Two factors are considered in the choice of health plan with wellness: the effect of peer choices and family health on plan choice. Using exclusively obtained data of health insurance plan choice and utilization, this paper compares similar plans and focuses on a subsample of new employees...
August 31, 2017: International Journal of Health Economics and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857597/a-sorrow-halved-a-daily-diary-study-on-talking-about-experienced-workplace-incivility-and-next-morning-negative-affect
#13
Stephanie Tremmel, Sabine Sonnentag
Incivility by coworkers and customers can have detrimental consequences for employees' affective well-being at work. However, little is known about whether incivility also impairs employees' affect at home and how long these negative effects may last. In this diary study, we examine whether incivility by coworkers and customers is related to next-morning negative affect via negative affect at the end of the workday and at bedtime, and investigate different modes of social sharing (i.e., conversations about experienced mistreatment) as day-level moderators of this relationship...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853447/work-and-family-conflicts-in-employees-with-spinal-cord-injury-and-their-caregiving-partners
#14
C Fekete, J Siegrist, H Tough, M W G Brinkhof
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional, observational. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association of conflicts between work and family life with indicators of health and to examine the antecedents of those conflicts in employees with spinal cord injury (SCI) and their caregiving partners. SETTING: Community, Switzerland. METHODS: Data from employed persons with SCI (n=79) and caregiving partners (n=93) who participated in the pro-WELL study were used...
August 29, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853422/the-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-osas-implications-for-work-and-occupational-health
#15
Giovanni Costa
Commission Directive 2104/85/EU on driving licenses highlighted significant issues related to the Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS). Due to the high incidence of this syndrome in the general population, it is important to precisely assess its impact on work and driving performance, in terms of employee and third-party safety, general health and related social costs (errors, accidents, absenteeism, presenteism, treatments). As occupational health physicians regularly check the workers in the age group in which the incidence of OSAS is higher, they are called upon to play a strategic role in the early detection of the disease and the prescription of an appropriate therapy, as well as in monitoring the treatment effectiveness in order to assess fitness to work and/or drive...
August 28, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851776/the-moderating-role-of-personal-resources-in-the-relationship-between-psychosocial-job-demands-and-health-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Hannes Mayerl, Erwin Stolz, Franziska Großschädl, Éva Rásky, Wolfgang Freidl
OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this research was to investigate the buffering effects of an individual's physical, mental and social resources in the relationship between psychosocial job demands and (1) health symptoms, (2) mental strain and (3) the body mass index (BMI), respectively. METHODS: We performed moderated regression analysis to examine data from a large cross-sectional survey of an Austrian employee sample (n=9434). RESULTS: The results revealed a robust association between psychosocial job demands and health symptoms as well as mental strain, but only a weak relationship between psychosocial job demands and BMI...
August 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846588/considerations-for-bioassay-monitoring-of-mixtures-of-radionuclides
#17
John Klumpp, Tom Waters, Luiz Bertelli
Complying with regulations for bioassay monitoring of radionuclide intakes is significantly more complex for mixtures than it is for pure radionuclides. Different constituents will naturally have different dose coefficients, be detectable at significantly different levels, and may require very different amounts of effort to bioassay. The ability to use certain constituents as surrogates for others will depend on how well characterized the mixture is, as well as whether the employee is also working with other radionuclides...
October 2017: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846015/evaluation-of-a-web-based-error-reporting-surveillance-system-in-a-large-iranian-hospital
#18
Mehrdad Askarian, Mahboobeh Ghoreishi, Hourvash Akbari Haghighinejad, Charles John Palenik, Maryam Ghodsi
BACKGROUND: Proper reporting of medical errors helps healthcare providers learn from adverse incidents and improve patient safety. A well-designed and functioning confidential reporting system is an essential component to this process. There are many error reporting methods; however, web-based systems are often preferred because they can provide; comprehensive and more easily analyzed information. This study addresses the use of a web-based error reporting system. METHODS: This interventional study involved the application of an in-house designed "voluntary web-based medical error reporting system...
August 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841264/patient-centred-care-is-a-way-of-doing-things-how-healthcare-employees-conceptualize-patient-centred-care
#19
Gemmae M Fix, Carol VanDeusen Lukas, Rendelle E Bolton, Jennifer N Hill, Nora Mueller, Sherri L LaVela, Barbara G Bokhour
BACKGROUND: Patient-centred care is now ubiquitous in health services research, and healthcare systems are moving ahead with patient-centred care implementation. Yet, little is known about how healthcare employees, charged with implementing patient-centred care, conceptualize what they are implementing. OBJECTIVE: To examine how hospital employees conceptualize patient-centred care. RESEARCH DESIGN: We conducted qualitative interviews about patient-centred care during site four visits, from January to April 2013...
August 25, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837500/the-role-of-collective-labor-contracts-and-individual-characteristics-on-job-satisfaction-in-tuscan-nursing-homes
#20
Milena Vainieri, Pierluigi Smaldone, Antonella Rosa, Kathleen Carroll
BACKGROUND: The role played by remuneration strategies in motivating health care professionals is one of the most studied factors. Some studies of nursing home (NH) services, while considering wages and labor market characteristics, do not explicitly account for the influence of the contract itself. PURPOSE: This study investigates the relationship between the labor contracts applied in 62 Tuscan NHs and NH aides' job satisfaction with two aims: to investigate the impact of European contracts on employee satisfaction in health care services and to determine possible limitations of research not incorporating these contracts...
August 23, 2017: Health Care Management Review
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