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Employee Wellness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907223/-mental-retirement-trajectories-of-work-engagement-preceding-retirement-among-older-workers
#1
Astrid de Wind, Fenna Rm Leijten, Trynke Hoekstra, Goedele A Geuskens, Alex Burdorf, Allard J van der Beek
Objectives Before actual retirement, employees may already distance themselves from work, which could be referred to as "mental retirement". However, trajectories of work motivation, ie, work engagement, have not been studied yet. The present study aimed to (i) identify different trajectories of work engagement among older workers approaching the retirement age, and (ii) examine their associations with actual retirement. Methods In total 3171 employees aged 55-62 years, who participated in the Dutch Study on Transitions in Employment, Ability and Motivation were included in this study...
December 1, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906761/surgical-education-and-health-care-reform-defining-the-role-and-value-of-trainees-in-an-evolving-medical-landscape
#2
Oluwadamilola M Fayanju, Reena Aggarwal, Rebeccah B Baucom, Cristina R Ferrone, David Massaro, Kyla P Terhune
OBJECTIVE: Health care reform and surgical education are often separated functionally. However, especially in surgery, where resident trainees often spend twice as much time in residency and fellowship than in undergraduate medical education, one must consider their contributions to health care. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: In this short commentary, we briefly review the status of health care in the United States as well as some of the recent and current changes in graduate medical education that pertain to surgical trainees...
November 30, 2016: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904171/temporal-issues-in-person-organization-fit-person-job-fit-and-turnover-the-role-of-leader-member-exchange
#3
Corine Boon, Michal Biron
Person-environment fit has been found to have significant implications for employee attitudes and behaviors. Most research to date has approached person-environment fit as a static phenomenon, and without examining how different types of person-environment fit may affect each other. In particular, little is known about the conditions under which fit with one aspect of the environment influences another aspect, as well as subsequent behavior. To address this gap we examine the role of leader-member exchange in the relationship between two types of person-environment fit over time: person-organization and person-job fit, and subsequent turnover...
December 2016: Human Relations; Studies Towards the Integration of the Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903012/-shift-work-among-men-and-women-on-the-threshold-to-higher-working-age-working-conditions-and-health-status
#4
C Leser, A Tisch, S Tophoven
Background: The number of older employees in shift and night work has increased significantly in recent years. Furthermore, the proportion of women in shift and night work has increased markedly. This is due to the aging workforce and the expansion of shift work in the tertiary sector. Previous research shows that shift work is often associated with health risks. Against this background, the aim of the present study is to examine the situation of working men and women on the threshold to higher working age with regard to the relationship between shift work and physical health...
November 2016: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901222/workload-and-associated-factors-a-study-in-maritime-port-in-brazil
#5
Marta Regina Cezar-Vaz, Clarice Alves Bonow, Marlise Capa Verde de Almeida, Cynthia Fontella Sant'Anna, Leticia Silveira Cardoso
Objective: to identify the effect of the mental, physical, temporal, performance, total effort and frustration demands in the overall workload, and in the same way analyze the global burden of port labor and associated factors that contribute most to their decrease or increase. Method: a cross-sectional, quantitative study, developed with 232 dock workers. For data collection, a structured questionnaire with descriptive, occupational, smoking and illicit drug use variables was applied, as well as variables on the load on the tasks undertaken at work, based on the questionnaire NASA Task Load Index...
November 28, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885155/job-crafting-employee-well-being-and-quality-of-care
#6
Montserrat Yepes-Baldó, Marina Romeo, Kristina Westerberg, Maria Nordin
The main objective is to study the effects of job crafting activities of elder care and nursing home employees on their perceived well-being and quality of care in two European countries, Spain and Sweden. The Job Crafting, the General Health, and the Quality of Care questionnaires were administered to 530 employees. Correlations and hierarchical regression analyses were performed. Results confirm the effects of job crafting on quality of care (r = .291, p < .01; β = .261, p < .01; ΔR(2) = .065, p < ...
November 24, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884132/healthy-and-productive-workers-using-intervention-mapping-to-design-a-workplace-health-promotion-and-wellness-program-to-improve-presenteeism
#7
Carlo Ammendolia, Pierre Côté, Carol Cancelliere, J David Cassidy, Jan Hartvigsen, Eleanor Boyle, Sophie Soklaridis, Paula Stern, Benjamin Amick
BACKGROUND: Presenteeism is a growing problem in developed countries mostly due to an aging workforce. The economic costs related to presenteeism exceed those of absenteeism and employer health costs. Employers are implementing workplace health promotion and wellness programs to improve health among workers and reduce presenteeism. How best to design, integrate and deliver these programs are unknown. The main purpose of this study was to use an intervention mapping approach to develop a workplace health promotion and wellness program aimed at reducing presenteeism...
November 25, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883895/disentangling-the-roles-of-safety-climate-and-safety-culture-multi-level-effects-on-the-relationship-between-supervisor-enforcement-and-safety-compliance
#8
Laura Petitta, Tahira M Probst, Claudio Barbaranelli, Valerio Ghezzi
Despite increasing attention to contextual effects on the relationship between supervisor enforcement and employee safety compliance, no study has yet explored the conjoint influence exerted simultaneously by organizational safety climate and safety culture. The present study seeks to address this literature shortcoming. We first begin by briefly discussing the theoretical distinctions between safety climate and culture and the rationale for examining these together. Next, using survey data collected from 1342 employees in 32 Italian organizations, we found that employee-level supervisor enforcement, organizational-level safety climate, and autocratic, bureaucratic, and technocratic safety culture dimensions all predicted individual-level safety compliance behaviors...
November 21, 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882840/a-comparison-of-health-care-resource-utilization-and-costs-for-patients-with-allergic-rhinitis-on-single-product-or-free-combination-therapy-of-intranasal-steroids-and-intranasal-antihistamines
#9
Brooke Harrow, Ahmad R Sedaghat, Amanda Caldwell-Tarr, Robert Dufour
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a common condition that can be treated with a number of different therapies. Treatments such as intranasal antihistamines (INAs) and intranasal steroids (INSs) are widely used by AR patients. For some allergy sufferers, a combination of therapies, specifically an INA and an INS, is required to address their symptoms. A new treatment, the formulation of azelastine hydrochloride and fluticasone pro-pionate used as a single spray (MP-AzeFlu), has become available for AR patients who need both types of treatment...
December 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877145/daily-negative-work-events-and-employees-physiological-and-psychological-reactions
#10
Judith Volmer, Andrea Fritsche
Scholars have accumulated an abundant amount of knowledge on the association between work stressors and employees' health and well-being. However, notions of the complex interplay of physiological and psychological components of stress reactions are still in their infancy. Building on the Allostatic Load (AL) model, the present study considers short-term within-person effects of negative work events (NWEs) on indicators of both physiological (i.e., salivary cortisol) and psychological distress responses (i...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875163/the-attraction-effect-in-information-visualization
#11
Evanthia Dimara, Anastasia Bezerianos, Pierre Dragicevic
The attraction effect is a well-studied cognitive bias in decision making research, where one's choice between two alternatives is influenced by the presence of an irrelevant (dominated) third alternative. We examine whether this cognitive bias, so far only tested with three alternatives and simple presentation formats such as numerical tables, text and pictures, also appears in visualizations. Since visualizations can be used to support decision making - e.g., when choosing a house to buy or an employee to hire - a systematic bias could have important implications...
January 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869654/the-safety-attitudes-of-senior-managers-in-the-chinese-coal-industry
#12
Jiangshi Zhang, Na Chen, Gui Fu, Mingwei Yan, Young-Chan Kim
Introduction: Senior managers' attitudes towards safety are very important regarding the safety practices in an organization. The study is to describe the current situation of senior managers' attitudes towards safety in the Chinese coal industry. Method: We evaluated the changing trends as well as the reasons for these changes in the Chinese coal industry in 2009 and in 2014 with 168 senior manager samples from large Chinese state-owned coal enterprises. Evaluations of 15 safety concepts were performed by means of a questionnaire...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869568/the-carrot-and-the-stick-strategies-to-improve-compliance-with-college-campus-tobacco-policies
#13
Amanda Fallin, Maria Roditis, Stanton Glantz
OBJECTIVE: Tobacco-free policies are being rapidly adopted nationwide, yet compliance with these policies remains a challenge. This study explored college campus key informants' experiences with tobacco policies, and their perceived benefits, drawbacks, and outcomes. PARTICIPANTS: The sample for this study was 68 key informants representing 16 different California universities with varying tobacco policies (no smoking indoors and within 20 feet of entrances, designated smoking areas, 100% smoke-free, and 100% tobacco-free)...
November 21, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866825/comparative-effectiveness-of-wellness-programs-impact-of-incentives-on-healthcare-costs-for-obese-enrollees
#14
Kara Zivin, Ananda Sen, Melissa A Plegue, Matthew L Maciejewski, Michelle L Segar, Mona AuYoung, Erin M Miller, Carol A Janney, Donna M Zulman, Caroline R Richardson
INTRODUCTION: Employee wellness programs show mixed effectiveness results. This study examined the impact of an insurer's lifestyle modification program on healthcare costs of obese individuals. METHODS: This nonrandomized comparative effectiveness study evaluated changes in healthcare costs for participants in two incentivized programs, an Internet-mediated pedometer-based walking program (WalkingSpree, n=7,594) and an in-person weight-loss program (Weight Watchers, n=5,764)...
November 17, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863580/hospital-decontamination-what-nurses-need-to-know
#15
REVIEW
Brent Cox
Incidents involving the release of hazardous materials challenge medical providers with safely, quickly, and correctly removing contaminants from the victim. While doing so, the safety of the first receiver, current patients, bystanders, as well as the victim all have to be considered. Key challenges with hospital decontamination include, but are not limited to, selection of team members, training protocols, employee turnover, and funding. Best practices, based on the available literature and evidence, include administration buy-in and support; strong policy and procedure documentation; equipment maintenance programs; and team member recruitment, retention, and education...
December 2016: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862136/workers-compensation-filings-of-temporary-workers-compared-to-direct-hire-workers-in-illinois-2007-2012
#16
Dana Madigan, Linda Forst, Lee S Friedman
BACKGROUND: The physical and psychological risks of temporary employment are well documented but there are still many questions regarding the consequences of injuries among these workers. METHODS: This analysis examines Illinois Workers' Compensation Commission filings from 2007 through 2012 to compare total cost of the decision, days of work missed, and percent disability of employees of temporary agencies with direct hire claims. RESULTS: Total award median was $5,813...
November 15, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860378/workplace-health-in-dental-care-a-salutogenic-approach
#17
U Lindmark, P Wagman, C Wåhlin, B Rolander
OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to explore self-reported psychosocial health and work environments among different dental occupations and workplaces from a salutogenic perspective. A further purpose was to analyse possible associations between three salutogenic measurements: The Sense of Coherence questionnaire (SOC), the Salutogenic Health Indicator Scale (SHIS) and the Work Experience Measurement Scale (WEMS). METHODS: Employees in the Public Dental Service in a Swedish county council (n = 486) were invited to respond to a self-reported web survey including demographics, work-related factors, the SOC, the SHIS and the WEMS...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860169/environmental-interventions-for-altering-eating-behaviours-of-employees-in-the-workplace-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
J Allan, D Querstret, K Banas, M de Bruin
Environmental, or 'choice-architecture', interventions aim to change behaviour by changing properties/contents of the environment and are commonly used in the workplace to promote healthy behaviours in employees. The present review aimed to evaluate and synthesize the evidence surrounding the effectiveness of environmental interventions targeting eating behaviour in the workplace. A systematic search identified 8157 articles, of which 22 were included in the current review. All included studies were coded according to risk of bias and reporting quality and were classified according to the emergent typology of choice-architecture interventions...
November 17, 2016: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854179/health-applications-for-corporate-health-management
#19
Guido Steigner, Charles R Doarn, Michael Schütte, David Matusiewicz, Christian Thielscher
INTRODUCTION: Many corporate organizations around the world are looking at new ways to improve the health and well-being of their employees. Many have begun to use m-health approaches and unique applications (apps) to provide assistance. In Germany, both m-health and occupational health management (OHM) are growing quickly. Therefore, we hypothesized that the combination-apps usage in OHM-is growing as well. We studied the usage of health apps in large corporations for health management of employed individuals...
November 17, 2016: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847395/predictors-of-job-satisfaction-in-dental-professionals-of-the-bosnia-and-herzegovina-federation
#20
Edin Muhic, Darije Plancak, Vlatka Lajnert, Asja Muhic
INTRODUCTION: Working in a healthy work environment is the ultimate goal of every employee. Dentistry is a stressful career, and the reasons for dissatisfaction are numerous. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the factors of work satisfaction in dental professionals of the Bosnia and Herzegovina Federation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 134 dental professionals selected randomly from the Registry of Dental Chamber of Bosnia and Herzegovina Federation were included in the study...
September 2016: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
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