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Employee Wellness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813009/well-being-and-the-social-environment-of-work-a-systematic-review-of-intervention-studies
#1
REVIEW
Kevin Daniels, David Watson, Cigdem Gedikli
There is consistent evidence that a good social environment in the workplace is associated with employee well-being. However, there has been no specific review of interventions to improve well-being through improving social environments at work. We conducted a systematic review of such interventions, and also considered performance as an outcome. We found eight studies of interventions. Six studies were of interventions that were based on introducing shared social activities into workgroups. Six out of the six studies demonstrated improvements in well-being across the sample (five studies), or for an identifiable sub-group (one study)...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812456/value-congruence-control-sense-of-community-and-demands-as-determinants-of-burnout-syndrome-among-hospitality-workers
#2
Ángela Asensio-Martínez, Michael P Leiter, Santiago Gascón, Stephanie Gumuchian, Bárbara Masluk, Paola Herrera-Mercadal, Agustín Albesa, Javier García-Campayo
Employees working in the hospitality industry are constantly exposed to occupational stressors that may lead employees into experiencing the burnout syndrome. Research addressing the interactive effects of control, community and value congruence, to alleviate the impact of workplace demands on experiencing burnout is relatively limited. The present study examined relationships among control, community and value congruence, and workplace demands and the three components of burnout. A sample of 418 employees working in a variety of hospitality associations including restaurants and hotels in Spain were recruited...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808273/financial-fluctuations-anchored-to-economic-fundamentals-a-mesoscopic-network-approach
#3
Kiran Sharma, Balagopal Gopalakrishnan, Anindya S Chakrabarti, Anirban Chakraborti
We demonstrate the existence of an empirical linkage between nominal financial networks and the underlying economic fundamentals, across countries. We construct the nominal return correlation networks from daily data to encapsulate sector-level dynamics and infer the relative importance of the sectors in the nominal network through measures of centrality and clustering algorithms. Eigenvector centrality robustly identifies the backbone of the minimum spanning tree defined on the return networks as well as the primary cluster in the multidimensional scaling map...
August 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806863/influence-of-gender-working-field-and-psychosocial-factors-on-the-vulnerability-for-burnout-in-mental-hospital-staff-results-of-an-austrian-cross-sectional-study
#4
Petra Schadenhofer, Michael Kundi, Heidemarie Abrahamian, Harald Stummer, Alexandra Kautzky-Willer
INTRODUCTION: According to the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA), hospitals represent a work environment with high job strain. Prolonged perceived occupational stress may result in symptoms of burnout, such as emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalisation (DP) and reduced personal accomplishment (PA). Understanding which factors may reduce vulnerability for burnout is an important requirement for well-targeted occupational stress prevention in mental hospital staff...
August 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801694/work-overcommitment-is-it-a-trait-or-a-state
#5
Jean-Baptist du Prel, Roma Runeson-Broberg, Peter Westerholm, Lars Alfredsson, Göran Fahlén, Anders Knutsson, Maria Nordin, Richard Peter
PURPOSE: Effort-reward imbalance (ERI) is a well-tested work-related stress model with three components, the two extrinsic components "efforts" and "rewards" and the one intrinsic component "overcommitment". While an imbalance between "efforts" and "rewards" leads to strain reactions, "work-related overcommitment" (OC) has been described as a personal characteristic with a set of attitudes, behaviours, and emotions reflecting excessive striving combined with a strong desire for approval...
August 11, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801131/health-care-demand-elasticities-by-type-of-service
#6
Randall P Ellis, Bruno Martins, Wenjia Zhu
We estimate within-year price elasticities of demand for detailed health care services using an instrumental variable strategy, in which individual monthly cost shares are instrumented by employer-year-plan-month average cost shares. A specification using backward myopic prices gives more plausible and stable results than using forward myopic prices. Using 171 million person-months spanning 73 employers from 2008 to 2014, we estimate that the overall demand elasticity by backward myopic consumers is -0.44, with higher elasticities of demand for pharmaceuticals (-0...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800348/disability-management-and-organizational-culture-in-australia-and-canada
#7
Nicholas Buys, Shannon Wagner, Christine Randall, Henry Harder, Thomas Geisen, Ignatius Yu, Benedikt Hassler, Caroline Howe, Alex Fraess-Phillips
BACKGROUND: Organizational culture has received increasing attention in terms of its influence on workplace health and productivity, yet there has been little research on its relationship with employer-based disability programs. OBJECTIVE: This study explored the relationship between disability management and organizational culture in Australian and Canadian organizations. METHODS: Thematic analysis was conducted on data from semi-structured interviews with 16 employees, including injured workers, human resource managers and disability managers in two Australian and two Canadian large organizations...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799849/public-health-activist-skills-pyramid-a-model-for-implementing-health-in-all-policies
#8
Behzad Damari, Elham Ehsani Chimeh
Affecting public health for society requires various competencies. In fact, the prerequisite for the implementation of health in all policies should be effectiveness of public health activists (PHAs) in these competencies. This study aims to determine the competencies of the activists in public health. The present qualitative study reviewed the literature and adopted qualitative methods like content analysis, stakeholder interviews, and conducted focus group discussions with related experts. In each stage, the required competencies were extracted through drawing the main action processes of a PHA...
August 11, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799800/creation-of-university-wellness-program-healthy-eating-and-active-lifestyle-supports-a-knowledge-to-action-process
#9
Phillip Joy, Linda Mann, Karen Blotnicky
With the burdens that preventable health conditions place on individuals, workplaces, and society, workplace wellness programs (WWP) are critical to ensuring employees have access to health promotion supports tailored to their work environments. Such programs are best guided by a knowledge-to-action (KTA) framework; a theoretically grounded, systematic process that considers the ongoing exchange of knowledge with employees to engage them in health behaviour change and to garner employers' support for the interventions...
August 11, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799430/genesis-of-an-employee-wellness-program-at-a-large-university
#10
Lisa K Lloyd, Sylvia H Crixell, Janet R Bezner, Katherine Forester, Carolyn Swearingen
University employee wellness programs have potential to support positive changes in employee health, thereby improving productivity and mitigating the rise in health care costs. The purpose of this article is to describe a theory-driven approach to systematically planning, developing, and implementing a comprehensive university employee wellness program. Long-term program goals were to improve employee health, well-being, and productivity by focusing on decreasing sedentary behavior, increasing physical activity, improving dietary habits, and reducing stress...
August 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799159/-the-japanese-health-care-system-an-analysis-of-the-funding-and-reimbursement-system
#11
Alexis Rump, Oliver Schöffski
Objective The modern Japanese health care system was established during the Meiji period (1868-1912) using the example of Germany. In this paper, the funding and remuneration of health services and products in Japan are described. The focus lies on the mechanisms used to implement health policy goals and to control costs. Method Selective literature search. Results All permanent residents in Japan are enrolled in one of more than 3,000 compulsory health funds. Employees and public servants are covered through company or government-related health insurance schemes...
August 10, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798709/the-more-the-better-multiple-vs-single-jobholders-job-satisfaction-as-a-matter-of-lacked-information
#12
Maria U Kottwitz, Lena Hünefeld, Benjamin P Frank, Kathleen Otto
In recent decades, the working world has changed dramatically and rising demands on flexibility make the coordination of personal and professional life more difficult. Therefore, it is important that the incumbents are in possession of all necessary information concerning their job. This might be a key issue to remain satisfied. Simultaneously, atypical forms of employment have substantially increased in the labor market; one such form is holding more than one job. While the motives might differ from needing an additional income to broadening job opportunities, practicing several jobs requires coordination and thus, being informed...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797645/advance-directives-in-hospice-healthcare-providers-a-clinical-challenge
#13
George R Luck, Terry Eggenberger, David Newman, Jacqueline Cortizo, Derek C Blankenship, Charles H Hennekens
BACKGROUND: On a daily basis, healthcare providers, especially those dealing with terminally ill patients, such as hospice workers, witness how advance directives help ensure the wishes of patients. They also witness the deleterious consequences when patients fail to document the care they desire at their end of life. To the best of our knowledge there are no data concerning the prevalence of advance directives among hospice healthcare providers. We, therefore, explored the prevalence and factors influencing completion rates in a survey of hospice healthcare providers...
August 7, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793895/the-path-from-a-volunteer-initiative-to-an-established-institution-evaluating-15%C3%A2-years-of-the-development-and-contribution-of-the-lighthouse-trust-to-the-malawian-hiv-response
#14
Sam Phiri, Florian Neuhann, Nicola Glaser, Thomas Gass, Thom Chaweza, Hannock Tweya
BACKGROUND: The HIV epidemic has triggered the development of new health institutions with a special focus on HIV care. The role of these relatively new institutions within the health systems of low-income countries like Malawi is not clearly determined. We evaluate and describe the development of one example, the Lighthouse Trust (Lighthouse), over a period of 15 years (2000-2015). METHODS: Data from multiple sources, including a document review, participatory observation and interviews were analysed, triangulated and synthesized...
August 9, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789734/new-paths-to-professional-nursing-using-encouragement-to-prepare-a-minority-workforce-to-enter-the-nursing-profession
#15
Elisheba Haqq-Stevens, Kathleen E Zavotsky, Sarah Kelly, Christopher Duffy, Claudia Pagani, Myrna Young, Lori Colineri
The current professional nursing workforce in the United States is predominantly White and female, even though minorities compose 33% of the national population (Travers, Smaldone, & Cohn, 2015). Minority patients are more effectively cared for when their particular cultural milieu is taken into consideration as part of their health care plan (Sullivan, 2004). According to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), health care quality remains suboptimal for diverse populations in the United States because some individuals do not receive quality care or do not believe their values are honored or respected (AHRQ, 2016)...
August 1, 2017: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783061/impact-of-biological-feedback-and-incentives-on-blood-fatty-acid-concentrations-including-omega-3-index-in-an-employer-based-wellness-program
#16
Michael I McBurney, Julia K Bird
Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, C20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, C22:6n-3) are important fatty acids for the retina and brain. More than 95% of Americans have suboptimal EPA + DHA blood concentrations. This cross-sectional employer-based study assessed whole blood fatty acid levels of volunteers participating in an onsite wellness biometric screening program and was designed to determine if an incentive, a $5 coupon for a 90-day supply of fish oil supplement typically costing $18-30, stimulated incremental dietary behavior change relative to nutritional status assessment alone to increase EPA + DHA concentrations...
August 5, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780925/motivational-mechanisms-in-the-relation-between-job-characteristics-and-employee-functioning
#17
Anja H Olafsen, Hallgeir Halvari
This study investigates the job demands-resources (JD-R) model in relation to work motivation in a self-determination theory (SDT) perspective, with the purpose of developing a model where social-contextual factors are seen in relation to psychological needs in order to explain autonomous work motivation and, in turn, self-reported work performance and somatic symptom burden. SEM-analyses of cross-sectional survey data including 405 waiters/waitresses in Norway were conducted to evaluate the hypothesized model...
August 7, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772111/prognostic-factors-for-return-to-work-after-depression-related-work-disability-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Jenni Ervasti, Matti Joensuu, Jaana Pentti, Tuula Oksanen, Kirsi Ahola, Jussi Vahtera, Mika Kivimäki, Marianna Virtanen
Knowledge about factors influencing return to work (RTW) after depression-related absence is highly relevant, but the evidence is scattered. We performed a systematic search of PubMed and Embase databases up to February 1, 2016 to retrieve cohort studies on the association between various predictive factors and return to work among employees with depression for review and meta-analysis. We also analyzed unpublished data from the Finnish Public Sector study. Most-adjusted estimates were pooled using fixed effects meta-analysis...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767337/prevalence-and-course-of-symptom-defined-ptsd-in-individuals-directly-or-indirectly-exposed-to-terror-a-longitudinal-study
#19
Marianne Bang Hansen, Marianne Skogbrott Birkeland, Alexander Nissen, Ines Blix, Øivind Solberg, Trond Heir
OBJECTIVE: It is well established that direct exposure to terrorism can result in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, individuals indirectly exposed to terrorism may also develop symptoms of PTSD. This study examined the prevalence and course of symptom-defined PTSD in employees who were present and not present at the site of a workplace terror attack. METHODS: Survey data from ministerial employees were collected 10, 22, and 34 months after the 2011 bombing in the government district of Oslo...
2017: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758813/medication-safety-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-among-community-pharmacists-in-lebanon
#20
Aline Hajj, Souheil Hallit, Elsy Ramia, Pascale Salameh
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of a national post-marketing surveillance program depends directly on the active participation of all health professionals. There is no current comprehensive and active pharmacovigilance program available in Lebanon. OBJECTIVES: To assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) among community pharmacists in Lebanon in relevance to potential pharmacovigilance and adverse-drug-reactions reporting in Lebanon. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study, using a self-administered KAP questionnaire and conducted between March and July 2016, included 1857 pharmacists practicing in community settings...
July 31, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
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