keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Blood stream infection

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447024/microbiology-and-clinical-outcomes-of-puerperal-sepsis-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Rumbidzai Majangara, Muchabayiwa Francis Gidiri, Zvavahera Mike Chirenje
The objectives of this study were to determine the identity and antibacterial susceptibility profiles of bacteria colonising the female genital tract and blood stream and their association with clinical outcomes in women with puerperal sepsis. A prospective descriptive cohort study was conducted at two tertiary hospitals in Zimbabwe. Endocervical swabs and blood were collected for culture and susceptibility testing from 151 consecutive women who met the World Health Organisation criteria for puerperal sepsis...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444831/hiv-associated-m-tuberculosis-blood-stream-infection-is-under-diagnosed-by-a-single-blood-culture
#2
David A Barr, Andrew D Kerkhoff, Charlotte Schutz, Amy M Ward, Gerry R Davies, Robert J Wilkinson, Graeme Meintjes
We assessed the additional diagnostic yield for M. tuberculosis blood stream infection (MTB BSI) from doing more than one TB blood culture in HIV-infected inpatients. In a retrospective analysis of two cohorts based in Cape Town, South Africa, 72/99 (73%) patients with MTB BSI were identified by the first of two blood cultures during the same admission, with 27/99 (27%, 95%CI 18 to 36%) negative on first culture but positive on second. In a prospective evaluation of up to 6 blood cultures over 24 hours, 9 out of 14 patients with MTB BSI (65%) grew M...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432384/antibiotic-resistant-gram-negative-blood-stream-infections-in-children-with-cancer-a-review-of-epidemiology-risk-factors-and-outcome
#3
Ilana Levene, Elio Castagnola, Gabrielle M Haeusler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428064/automatic-hemolysis-identification-on-aligned-dual-lighting-images-of-cultured-blood-agar-plates
#4
Mattia Savardi, Alessandro Ferrari, Alberto Signoroni
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The recent introduction of Full Laboratory Automation systems in clinical microbiology opens to the availability of streams of high definition images representing bacteria culturing plates. This creates new opportunities to support diagnostic decisions through image analysis and interpretation solutions, with an expected high impact on the efficiency of the laboratory workflow and related quality implications. Starting from images acquired under different illumination settings (top-light and back-light), the objective of this work is to design and evaluate a method for the detection and classification of diagnostically relevant hemolysis effects associated with specific bacteria growing on blood agar plates...
March 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419605/ceftaroline-for-suspected-or-confirmed-invasive-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-a-pharmacokinetic-case-series
#5
Jeffrey J Cies, Wayne S Moore, Adela Enache, Arun Chopra
OBJECTIVES: To describe the ceftaroline pharmacokinetics in critically ill children treated for suspected or confirmed methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections, including blood stream infection and describe the microbiological and clinical outcomes. DESIGN: Retrospective electronic medical record review. SETTINGS: Free-standing tertiary/quaternary pediatric children's hospital. PATIENTS: Critically ill children receiving ceftaroline monotherapy or combination therapy for suspected or confirmed methicillin-resistant S...
February 6, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416087/broad-spectrum-neutralization-of-avian-influenza-viruses-by-sialylated-human-milk-oligosaccharides-in-vivo-assessment-of-3-sialyllactose-against-h9n2-in-chickens
#6
Ramesh Prasad Pandey, Dae Hee Kim, Jinsuk Woo, Jaeyoung Song, Sang Ho Jang, Joon Bae Kim, Kwang Myun Cheong, Jin Sik Oh, Jae Kyung Sohng
Two sialylated human milk oligosaccharides (SHMOs) 3'-sialyllactose (3'-SL) and 6'-sialyllactose (6'-SL) were accessed for their possible antiviral activity against six different subtypes of thirteen avian influenza (AI) viruses in vitro. 3'-SL exhibited promising antiviral activity against almost all subtypes of tested AI viruses in hemagglutination inhibition assay, whereas 6'-SL showed activity against few selected H1N1, H1N2, and H3N2 subtype strains. 3'-SL has minimum inhibitory concentration values of 15...
February 7, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410029/sustained-multimodal-antimicrobial-stewardship-in-an-australian-tertiary-intensive-care-unit-from-2008-2015-an-interrupted-time-series-analysis
#7
Suman Adhikari, Michael Piza, Peter Taylor, Kush Deshpande, Doris Lam, Pam Konecny
The long term outcomes and sustainability of antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) in the intensive care unit (ICU) require evaluation. This study analysed the effect of a multimodal ICU AMS introduced in a 15-bed medical-surgical tertiary Australian adult ICU in November, 2008, with interrupted time-series analysis of antibiotic usage, resistance and cost from November 2005-October 2015, including national ICU average usage as a control. Overall ICU mortality, 30-day blood stream infection (BSI) mortality and length of stay (LOS) were compared over the same period...
January 30, 2018: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410025/whole-genome-shotgun-sequences-of-seven-colistin-resistant-acinetobacter-baumannii-isolates-from-bacteraemia
#8
Saranya Vijayakumar, Baby Abirami S, Kalaiyarasi Kanthan, Balaji Veeraraghavan
BACKGROUND: Acinetobacter baumannii is a nosocomial pathogen responsible for causing various infections like blood stream infections, meningitis and ventilator associated pneumonia. A.baumannii is resistant to all the drugs including colistin and the development of colistin resistant A. baumannii is of serious concern in the hospital setting. OBJECTIVE: Characterisation of whole genome shotgun sequences of seven colistin resistant A. baumannii isolates from blood stream infections...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401084/safety-and-efficacy-of-bedside-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-placement-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#9
Kelly Driver, Rebecca Schilling, Annie Goodwin, Denise Martinez, Ernest Amankwah, Michael Wilsey, Fauzia Shakeel
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to describe the safety and efficacy of bedside percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) placement in a level 3 neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on 106 infants with a birthweight ≤6 kg receiving bedside PEG placement at Johns Hopkins All Children's Hospital between 2007 and 2013. Preprocedure, postprocedure, and demographic data were collected. The main safety outcome was postprocedure complication rate and the main efficacy outcome was time to initiate feeds and time on respiratory support...
February 3, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398052/risk-factors-for-neonatal-venous-and-arterial-thromboembolism-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-a-case-control-study
#10
Rukhmi Bhat, Riten Kumar, Soyang Kwon, Karna Murthy, Robert I Liem
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors associated with venous and arterial thrombosis in sick neonates admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit. STUDY DESIGN: A case-control study was conducted at 2 centers between January 2010 and March 2014 using the Children's Hospital Neonatal Database dataset. Cases were neonates diagnosed with either arterial or venous thrombosis during their neonatal intensive care unit stay; controls were matched in a 1:4 ratio by gestational age and presence or absence of central access devices...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397962/clearance-of-tunneled-central-venous-catheter-associated-blood-stream-infections-in-children
#11
Maziar M Nourian, Angelina L Schwartz, Austin Stevens, Eric R Scaife, Brian T Bucher
BACKGROUND: The optimal time to reinsert central venous catheters (tCVC) after a documented central line associated blood stream infection (CLABSI) is unclear. The goal of this study is to identify risk factors for children who develop persistent bacteremia after tCVC removal due to CLABSI. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study from a tertiary children's hospital. Children who underwent removal of a tCVC due to CLABSI were included in our analysis. Our primary outcome was persistent bacteremia after tCVC removal defined by a persistently positive blood culture...
December 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395511/healthcare-associated-infections-in-the-neurological-intensive-care-unit-results-of-a-6-year-surveillance-study-at-a-major-tertiary-care-center
#12
Yasser B Abulhasan, Susan P Rachel, Marc-Olivier Châtillon-Angle, Najayeb Alabdulraheem, Ian Schiller, Nandini Dendukuri, Mark R Angle, Charles Frenette
BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) occur frequently in neurological intensive care units (neuro-ICUs); however, data differentiating associations with various diagnostic categories and resulting burdens are limited. This prospective cohort study reported incidence rates, pathogen distribution, and patient-related outcomes of HAIs in a neuro-ICU population from April 2010 to March 2016. METHODS: Laboratory results and specific clinical indicators were used to categorize infections as per National Healthcare Safety Network nosocomial infection surveillance definitions...
January 25, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390515/application-of-failure-mode-and-effect-analysis-in-managing-catheter-related-blood-stream-infection-in-intensive-care-unit
#13
Xixi Li, Mei He, Haiyan Wang
In this study, failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA), a proactive tool, was applied to reduce errors associated with the process which begins with assessment of patient and ends with treatment of complications. The aim of this study is to assess whether FMEA implementation will significantly reduce the incidence of catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs) in intensive care unit.The FMEA team was constructed. A team of 15 medical staff from different departments were recruited and trained. Their main responsibility was to analyze and score all possible processes of central venous catheterization failures...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385762/incidence-and-determinants-of-health-care-associated-blood-stream-infection-at-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-in-ujjain-india-a-prospective-cohort-study
#14
Mamta Dhaneria, Sachin Jain, Poonam Singh, Aditya Mathur, Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg, Ashish Pathak
Very little is known about laboratory-confirmed blood stream infections (LCBIs) in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in resource-limited settings. The aim of this cohort study was to determine the incidence, risk factors, and causative agents of LCBIs in a level-2 NICU in India. The diagnosis of LCBIs was established using the Centre for Disease Control, USA criteria. A predesigned questionnaire containing risk factors associated with LCBIs was filled-in. A total of 150 neonates (43% preterm) were included in the study...
January 30, 2018: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384980/infectious-diseases-consultation-improves-treatment-and-decreases-mortality-by-enterococcal-bacteremia-in-children
#15
Munehiro Furuichi, Mihoko Furuichi, Yuho Horikoshi, Isao Miyairi
BACKGROUND: Enterococci can cause severe infectious diseases. Delaying appropriate antibiotic therapy for enterococcal bacteremia is associated with increased patient mortality. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis examining the characteristics of children with enterococcal bacteremia at the two largest children's hospitals in Japan. We compared outcomes of enterococcal bacteremia patients who received infectious diseases (ID) consultation with those who did not...
January 29, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373647/eggerthella-lenta-bloodstream-infections-are-associated-with-increased-mortality-following-empiric-piperacillin-tazobactam-tzp-monotherapy-a-population-based-cohort-study
#16
Alejandra Ugarte-Torres, Mark R Gillrie, Thomas P Griener, Deirdre L Church
Background: Eggerthella lenta is a non-sporulating anaerobic gram-positive bacilli associated with polymicrobial intra-abdominal infections. Recently, E. lenta has been recognized as an important cause of anaerobic blood-stream infections (BSI) associated with high mortality. E. lenta has been reported to have high minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) to piperacillin-tazobactam (TZP), a broad-spectrum antibiotic with anaerobic coverage commonly used in multiple centers for empiric treatment of abdominal sepsis...
January 24, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371065/three-cases-of-candida-fermentati-fungemia-following-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#17
Kiyomi Morita, Akira Honda, Junji Koya, Kazuhiro Toyama, Ikeda Mahoko, Yoshiki Misawa, Shu Okugawa, Fumihiko Nakamura, Kyoji Moriya, Mineo Kurokawa
Bloodstream infection with non-Candida albicans Candida species is one of the serious complications among patients with hematological malignancies who receive long-term prophylactic antifungal agents. Here we describe three cases of Candida fermentati (C. fermentati) candidemia after allogeneic stem cell transplantation for hematological malignancies. Case 1 is fluconazole-breakthrough C. fermentati fungemia, which was well controlled with liposomal amphotericin B. Case 2 and 3 were caspofungin-breakthrough C...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359870/breakthrough-exophiala-dermatitidis-infection-during-prophylactic-administration-of-micafungin-during-second-umbilical-cord-blood-transplantation-after-graft-failure
#18
Naoki Watanabe, Akihiko Gotoh, Shuichi Shirane, Yasuharu Hamano, Yuji Hirai, Maika Shimizu, Ayako Nakamura, Kana Matsumoto, Kunihiko Morita, Takeshi Mori, Akimichi Ohsaka, Norio Komatsu
Exophiala dermatitidis infections in patients with hematological malignancies are very rare. Our patient had a blood stream infection caused by E. dermatitidis following the second umbilical cord blood transplantation (UCBT) after graft failure during the first UCBT. To our knowledge, this is the first report describing a breakthrough fungal infection caused by E. dermatitidis during the prophylactic administration of micafungin (MCFG). Therefore, MCFG-treated patients should be monitored for breakthrough E...
January 23, 2018: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355796/clinical-utility-of-serum-procalcitonin-level-and-infection-in-the-neurosurgical-intensive-care-unit
#19
Lauren E Rotman, Bonita S Agee, Gustavo Chagoya, Matthew C Davis, James M Markert
OBJECTIVE: Procalcitonin, a blood stream inflammatory biomarker, has shown to be useful in the diagnosis of sepsis in critically ill patients treated in medical and surgical intensive care units. This study aims to further our understanding of procalcitonin levels in Neuroscience Intensive Care Unit (NICU) patients. METHODS: Neurosurgical patients who underwent procalcitonin assay in the NICU over a two-year period were included. Procalcitonin equal to or above 0...
January 16, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350524/development-of-a-multiplexed-microsphere-pcr-for-culture-free-detection-and-gram-typing-of-bacteria-in-human-blood-samples
#20
Fang Liang, Daniel J Browne, Megan J Gray, Kate H Gartlan, David D Smith, Ross T Barnard, Geoffrey R Hill, Simon R Corrie, Kate A Markey
Bloodstream infection is a significant clinical problem, particularly in vulnerable patient groups such as those undergoing chemotherapy and bone marrow transplantation. Clinical diagnostics for suspected bloodstream infection remain centered around blood culture (highly variable timing, in the order of hours to days to become positive), and empiric use of broad-spectrum antibiotics is therefore employed for patients presenting with febrile neutropenia. Gram-typing provides the first opportunity to target therapy (e...
January 31, 2018: ACS Infectious Diseases
keyword
keyword
51851
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"