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Abdominal abscess

Sanjay Mhalasakant Khaladkar, Kunaal Mahesh Jain, Rajesh Kuber, Sidappa Gandage
Emphysematous pyelonephritis is a life-threatening severe form of pyelonephritis usually occurring in patients with diabetes mellitus with or without obstructive uropathies in whom there is necrotizing infection leading to the gas production of an unclear mechanism involving the renal parenchyma and the collecting system. Necrotizing fasciitis is characterized by progressive necrosis of fat and fascia due to deep-seated infection of subcutaneous tissue. It has a fulminant course with considerable mortality...
2018: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
Jin Yong Jeong, Kap Tae Kim, Mi Jin Kim, Yea Jeong Kim
We experienced a case of 1 patient who died from rhabdomyolysis-related complications after colonoscopy. A 60-year-old man had undergone an 'uncomplicated' colonoscopic polypectomy. Approximately 10 hours following this procedure, the patient complained of increasing left abdominal pain. His computed tomography image showed free gas, but his operative findings revealed no macroscopic perforation or abscess formation. Eight hours after the operation, the patient presented with myoglobulinuria, and we diagnosed the condition to be rhabdomyolysis...
February 2018: Annals of Coloproctology
Eva E Tejerina, Rebeca Padilla, Elena Abril, Fernando Frutos-Vivar, Aida Ballen, José María Rodríguez-Barbero, José Ángel Lorente, Andrés Esteban
We evaluate the evolution over time of discrepancies between clinical diagnoses and post-mortem findings in critically ill patients, and to assess the factors associated with these discrepancies. We conducted a prospective study of all consecutive patients who underwent autopsy autopsies in a medical-surgical ICU between January 2008 and December 2015. Among 7.655 patients admitted to our ICU, 671 (8.8%) died. Clinical autopsy was performed in 215 (32%) patients. Major missed diagnoses were noted in 38 patients (17...
March 9, 2018: Human Pathology
Michail Kornaropoulos, Marinos Makris, Elia Modestou, Vasileios Karatzias, Apostolos Krikelis, Aristomenis Thanopoulos, Artemis Liapi, Apostolos Mitrousias, Dimitris Katsogiannos, Georgios Kokkalas, Andreas Zevlas, Evripidis Gettimis
INTRODUCTION: Lumbar-peritoneal (LP) and ventriculo-peritoneal (VP) shunt placement is the treatment of choice for diversion of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from the subarachnoid space into the peritoneal cavity. This invasive procedure has been associated with several complications, most commonly infection and obstruction. Perforation of the bowel is an extremely rare complication. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 72 old female patient with LP shunt for raised intracranial pressure, who presented with LP shunt catheter protruding from anus...
February 23, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Marc R Matthews, Asia N Quan, Alexandra S Weir, Kevin N Foster, Daniel M Caruso
Introduction: Leaving the abdominal cavity open is a well-described and frequently utilized technique in the treatment of severe intra-abdominal sepsis. Irrigation through a negative pressure wound therapy device is a technique employed to assist in the closure of wounds as well as the reduction of bacterial contamination. Furthermore, hypochlorous acid has been found to be safe and effective in microorganismal elimination from extremity wounds. There is no literature regarding the infusion of hypochlorous solution into the abdominal cavity for intra-abdominal sepsis or mucopurulent abscesses or biofilm...
2018: Eplasty
M D Bolmers, C C van Rossem, R R Gorter, W A Bemelman, A A W van Geloven, H A Heij
PURPOSE: A laparoscopic approach for emergency appendectomy is increasingly used, in pediatric patients as well. The objective of this study is to audit the current state of diagnostic work-up, surgical techniques and its outcome in children with acute appendicitis. METHODS: A prospective consecutive observational cohort study was carried out in a 2-month study period. All patients under 18 years that were operated for suspected acute appendicitis were included...
March 9, 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
Spyridon Miliaras, Ioannis A Ziogas, Konstantinos S Mylonas, Vasileios N Papadopoulos
Malignant gastrointestinal melanoma is usually a metastatic lesion. We report the case of a 67-year-old female patient who presented with intermittent abdominal pain, fever, rigor and diarrhoea. CT scan of the abdomen revealed a large mass at the right iliac fossa with features concerning for intra-abdominal abscess. Exploratory laparotomy confirmed the preoperative diagnosis of abscess, and a right hemicolectomy was performed. Histopathological examination of the surgical specimen was indicative of malignant melanoma, and immunohistochemical examination showed positivity to S100 protein, Melan-A, HMB-45 and vimentin...
March 9, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
René Fahrner, Falk Rauchfuss, Hubert Scheuerlein, Utz Settmacher
BACKGROUND: There are numerous causes of hepatic gas formation that range from serious pathologies to incidental findings, including mesenteric infarction, liver abscess, inflammatory bowel disease or minimally invasive hepatic interventions. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 50-year-old man who was admitted to the emergency room after a car accident. The clinical examination and further diagnostics revealed a craniocerebral injury with a fracture of the skull, concomitant soft tissue lesions and subarachnoidal bleeding...
March 2, 2018: BMC Surgery
Mihajlo Gjeorgjievski, Naveen Reddy, Veslav Stecevic, Mitchell S Cappell
We report a 55-year-old diabetic woman with abdominal pain, pyrexia, and leukocytosis 3 months after aspiration tube placement. Abdominal computed tomography revealed a hypodense mass (10.8 × 7.2 cm) extending into the right anterior abdominal wall. Aspiration of the abscess revealed purulent fluid that grew Streptococcus intermedius . The aspiration tube was removed and 4 endoclips were deployed to close the intragastric stoma. The patient recovered well with 21 days of antibiotics, with resolution of the abscess and full wound healing...
2018: ACG Case Reports Journal
Hiroiku Hara, Yusuke Date
The partient was 76-year-old male. He had acute empyema due to lung abscess and open-window thoracotomy was performed to control infection. 3 years and 9 months later, the bronchial fistula was closed with abdominal rectus muscle and greater omentum. These are very useful when other muscles such as latissimus dorsi muscle, serratus anterior muscle and pectoralis major muscle are not available.
February 2018: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
Jae-Hyuk Yang, Jin Yong Shin, Si-Gyun Roh, Suk-Choo Chang, Nae-Ho Lee
RATIONALE: Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP) is a chronic destructive granulomatous inflammation that is characterized by urinary tract obstruction and invasion of the renal parenchyma. Although rare, XGP can lead to fatal complications, including perinephric inflammation, psoas abscess, and cutaneous fistula. PATIENT CONCERNS: A quadriplegic patient initially presented to the hospital with a chronic open wound and cutaneous fistula. DIAGNOSES: Abdominal computed tomography revealed a renal obstructing stone and enlarged right kidney with a perinephric fluid collection that communicated with the cutaneous fistula...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Andrew Kozlov, Lorenzo Bean, Emilie V Hill, Lisa Zhao, Eric Li, Gary P Wang
Background: Intra-abdominal abscesses are localized collections of pus, which generally arise from a breach in the normal mucosal defense barrier that allows bacteria from gastrointestinal tract, and less commonly from the gynecologic or urinary tract, to induce inflammation, resulting in an infection. The microbiology of these abscesses is usually polymicrobial, associated with the primary disease process. However, the microbial identity, diversity and richness in intra-abdominal abscesses have not been well characterized, due in part to the difficulty in cultivating commensal organisms using standard culture-based techniques...
February 2018: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Tinnakorn Pluemvitayaporn, Sarun Jindahra, Warongporn Pongpinyopap, Sombat Kunakornsawat, Chaiyot Thiranon, Weerasak Singhatanadgige, Apinan Uthaipaisanwong
Introduction: Concomitant mycotic abdominal aortic aneurysm and lumbar tuberculous spondylitis with psoas abscess and cauda equina syndrome is extremely rare. This condition can cause serious life-threatening problems if not diagnosed and treated properly. Case presentation: We report an unusual case of a 79-year-old Thai male, who was diagnosed with concomitant mycotic abdominal aortic aneurysm and lumbar tuberculous spondylitis at the L2-L3 level with left psoas abscess and cauda equina syndrome...
2018: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
G Naldini, A Sturiale, B Fabiani, I Giani, C Menconi
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of autologous, micro-fragmented and minimally manipulated adipose tissue injection associated closure of the internal opening in promoting healing of complex anal fistula. METHODS: A pilot study was conducted on patients referred to our center with anal fistula, from April 2015-December 2016. Inclusion criteria were age over 16 years old and a diagnosis of complex anal fistula according to the American Gastroenterological Association classification The patients were divided into 2 groups; the "first time group" (Group I) in which micro-fragmented adipose tissue injection with closure of the internal opening was the first sphincter-saving procedure, and the "recurrent group" (Group II) consisting of patients who had failed prior sphincter-saving procedures...
February 16, 2018: Techniques in Coloproctology
Sabrina Huq, Sherry Pejka, Dilip R Patel
Renal abscesses are uncommon in otherwise healthy children and adolescents who have no underlying renal structural anomalies. A previously healthy, immunocompetent, 14-year-old male without a history of abdominal trauma or urinary tract infection (UTI) was found to have a renal hematoma that became infected and developed into a renal abscess. He presented with a 2-day history of nausea, vomiting, fever and 1-day history of abdominal pain that radiated to the right flank. Clinical examination, blood work, and initial imaging indicated likely infection; however, findings were normal on urinalysis and urine culture had no growth...
January 2018: Translational Pediatrics
Athanasios Syllaios, Dimitra Daskalopoulou, Nikolaos Bourganos, Anastasia Papakonstantinou, Evangelia Triantafyllou, Antonios Koutras, Christos Georgiou
Giant colonic diverticulum (GCD), defined as diverticulum larger than 4 cm, is a rare entity. It is generally a manifestation of colonic diverticular disease and can have dramatic complications such as perforation, abscess, volvulus, infarction and adenocarcinoma. This report documents the case of a 63-year-old man coming to the Emergency Department with acute abdomen due to a perforation of a GCD. In the plain abdominal X-ray the 'Balloon-sign' was revealed, computed tomography scan and Hartmann's procedure were performed...
February 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Kazuhide Shimamatsu, Yoshiki Naito, Yutaro Mihara, Masamichi Nakayama, Masahiko Tanigawa, Yushi Abe, Ken Nakamura, Toshihiro Araki, Kenji Sakata, Kazunori Noguchi, Jun Akiba, Hirohisa Yano, Osamu Nakashima
The present case study documents an autopsy case of granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF)-producing mucinous cystic neoplasm (MCN), with an associated invasive carcinoma of the pancreas. A 65-year-old woman presented to Omuta City Hospital (Omuta Japan) with a primary complaint of abdominal pain. Multiple liver nodules and a pancreatic cyst were detected upon abdominal computed tomography. Initially, liver abscess was suspected as the patient exhibited leukocytosis and elevated C-reactive protein level...
February 2018: Oncology Letters
Eirini Martinou, Stamatoula Drakopoulou, Eftychia Aravidou, Theodore Sergentanis, Agathi Kondi-Pafiti, Eriphyli Argyra, Dionysios Voros, Georgios P Fragulidis
BACKGROUND: Current evidence regarding the effects of selective cyclooxygenase inhibitors on gastrointestinal anastomoses is controversial. An experimental randomized control study was conducted in our institution to histopathologically evaluate the consequences of parecoxib, on intestinal and abdominal wound healing. METHODS: Twenty-four adult Wistar rats underwent laparotomy, ascending colon transection, and hand-sewn anastomosis. They were randomized to receive either parecoxib (0...
March 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Christopher B Horn, Adrian A Coleoglou Centeno, Jarot J Guerra, John E Mazuski, Grant V Bochicchio, Isaiah R Turnbull
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that percutaneous drainage and interval appendectomy is an effective treatment for appendicitis with associated abscess. Few studies to date have analyzed risk factors for failed drain management. We hypothesized that older patients with more co-morbidities would be at higher risk for failing conservative treatment. METHODS: The 2010-2014 editions of the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) were queried for patients with diagnoses of peri-appendiceal abscesses...
February 12, 2018: Surgical Infections
Ruiping Zhang, Jungang Liu, Yizheng Wang, Lirong Cao, Chunquan Cai
The most common procedure to deal with hydrocephalus is ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt. The purpose of the shunt is to drain cerebrospinal fluid from cerebral ventricles to abdominal cavity. Many complications of VP shunts have been reported such as infection, obstruction, overdrainage. Abdominal complications occur in ~15-25% of VP shunts in pediatric patients, such as peritonitis, hernia, abscess, perforated colon, perforated bladder and abdominal pseudocyst. However, sub-capsular effusion of liver is a rare complication of VP shunt...
October 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
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