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Samuel R Chamberlain, Jon E Grant
BACKGROUND: Disorders of impulsivity are common, functionally impairing, and highly relevant across different clinical and research settings. Few structured clinical interviews for the identification and diagnosis of impulse control disorders exist, and none have been validated in a community sample in terms of psychometric properties. METHODS: The Minnesota Impulse control disorders Interview (MIDI v2.0) was administered to an enriched sample of 293 non-treatment seeking adults aged 18-35 years, recruited using media advertisements in two large US cities...
May 8, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Eline Adrianne Smit, Makiko Sadakata
This study investigated the effect of handedness on pianists' abilities to adjust their keyboard performance skills to new spatial and motor mappings. Left- and right-handed pianists practiced simple melodies on a regular MIDI piano keyboard (practice) and were then asked to perform these with modified melodic contours (the same or reversed melodic contour causing a change of fingering) and on a reversed MIDI piano keyboard (test). The difference of performance duration between the practice and the test phase as well as the amount of errors played were used as test measures...
2018: PloS One
Meng Ding, Cheng Wang, Xiaolan Lu, Cuiping Zhang, Zhen Zhou, Xi Chen, Chen-Yu Zhang, Ke Zen, Chunni Zhang
Circulating exosomal microRNAs (miRNAs) are valuable biomarker candidates; however, information on the characterization and mutual agreement of commercial kits for circulating exosomal miRNA profiling is scarce. Here, we analyzed the advantages and weaknesses of four commonly used commercial kits for exosomal miRNA profiling and their application to the sample of serum and/or plasma, respectively. NanoSight and Western blotting were conducted to evaluate the efficiency and purity of the isolated exosomes. In our conditions, the size distribution of the isolated particles was appropriate (40-150 nm), and ExoQuick™ Exosome Precipitation Solution (EXQ) generated a relatively high yield of exosomes...
April 18, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Benjamin G Schultz
The Musical Instrument Digital Interface (MIDI) was readily adopted for auditory sensorimotor synchronization experiments. These experiments typically use MIDI percussion pads to collect responses, a MIDI-USB converter (or MIDI-PCI interface) to record responses on a PC and manipulate feedback, and an external MIDI sound module to generate auditory feedback. Previous studies have suggested that auditory feedback latencies can be introduced by these devices. The Schultz MIDI Benchmarking Toolbox (SMIDIBT) is an open-source, Arduino-based package designed to measure the point-to-point latencies incurred by several devices used in the generation of response-triggered auditory feedback...
April 17, 2018: Behavior Research Methods
Özgür Uzun, Işık Kaban, Ahmet Midi, Hande Uysal, Ahmet B Boran, Besim H Bacanakgil, Marwa Tarbaghia
AIMS: Signal peptide-CUB-EGF (epidermal growth factor-like protein) domain-containing protein 1 (SCUBE1) is an experimental marker of ischemia that has been previously studied both in rat models and humans. In this study, we aim to investigate the importance of SCUBE1 levels in ovarian torsion using an ovarian torsion model in rats. METHODS: A total of 18 Sprague-Dawley rats were equally divided into three groups. Group 1 (n = 6) was the Sham group and was only given a laparotomy procedure...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Hugo Diaz, Haleh Bagheri, Aurore Palmaro, Vanessa Rousseau, Robert Bourrel, Jean-Louis Montastruc, Jordan Birebent
AIM: The aim of our study was to study the pattern of prescription of direct-acting oral anticoagulants (DOACs) according to the French recommendations. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study using anonymous data of patients covered by the French National Health Insurance information system (SNIIRAM) from 1 January 2010 to 31 December 2013 in the area of Midi-Pyrénées (southwest of France). RESULTS: Of the 355,608 patients identified, 325,216 (91...
March 27, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Marcus J Crompton, R Hugh Dunstan
The composition and integrity of the bacterial cytoplasmic membrane is critical to the survival of staphylococci in dynamic environments and it is important to investigate how the cell membrane responds to changes in the environmental conditions. The staphylococcal membrane differs from eukaryotic and many other bacterial cell membranes by having a high abundance of branch fatty acids and relatively few unsaturated fatty acids. The range of available methods for extraction and efficient analyses of staphylococcal fatty acids was initially appraised to identify the best potential procedures for appraisal...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Damla Ozbek, Ozlem Ozturk Tan, Gazanfer Ekinci, Ipek Midi
OBJECTIVES: Stroke is an important public health problem in most countries. Therefore, the treatment of stroke and its complications is important. Intracerebral hemorrhage is one of the complications of ischemic stroke. This study aimed to investigate the risk of hemorrhage in patients with acute ischemic stroke and prospectively study its relationship with cerebral microbleeds (MBs) using susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) that is a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequence. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with acute ischemic stroke were included...
May 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Sylvain Couderc, Maryse Lapeyre-Mestre, Robert Bourrel, Carle Paul, Jean-Louis Montastruc, Agnès Sommet
The aim of this study was to compare the infectious risk between a group of psoriasis patients treated by biological drugs (BD) and a group treated by traditional systemic treatments (TST). We built a retrospective observational cohort study from the French health insurance database in the Midi-Pyrénées area (2.9 million inhabitants, southwest of France) using data from 01/01/2010 to 12/31/2013. We compared the infectious risk between 'exposed' patients treated with BD (adalimumab, etanercept, infliximab, or ustekinumab) and 'unexposed' patients treated by TST (phototherapy, acitretin, methotrexate, or cyclosporine)...
February 15, 2018: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
Lisa M Verberne, Marijke C Kars, Sasja A Schepers, Antoinette Y N Schouten-van Meeteren, Martha A Grootenhuis, Johannes J M van Delden
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, paediatric palliative care teams (PPCTs) have been introduced to support children with life-limiting diseases and their families and to ensure continuity, coordination and quality of paediatric palliative care (PPC). However, implementing a PPCT into an organisation is a challenge. The objective of this study was to identify barriers and facilitators reported by healthcare professionals (HCPs) in primary, secondary or tertiary care for implementing a newly initiated multidisciplinary PPCT to bridge the gap between hospital and home...
February 12, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
Vincenzo Brizzi, Sebastien Déglise, Vincent Dubuisson, Dominique Midy, Eric Ducasse, Xavier Berard
We report herein the successful laparoscopic resection of an asymptomatic 3-cm middle colic artery aneurysm in a young woman. Endovascular treatment represents nowadays the first-line option facing visceral artery aneurysm, but in this case, embolization was excluded because of hostile anatomy. Advantages of laparoscopic approach were the safe resection of the aneurysm with immediate evaluation of the bowel tolerance and the possibility of a histological examination of the arterial wall, without the disadvantages of laparotomy...
April 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Dagmar F Hernandez-Suarez, Hector Núñez-Medina, Stuart A Scott, Angel Lopez-Candales, Jose M Wiley, Mario J Garcia, Kyle Melin, Karid Nieves-Borrero, Christina Rodriguez-Ruiz, Lorraine Marshall, Jorge Duconge
BACKGROUND: Antiplatelet therapy with clopidogrel is recommended to reduce cardiovascular events in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD); however, clopidogrel efficacy has not been adequately studied in this patient population. Therefore, we aimed to determine the effects of cilostazol therapy on platelet reactivity among PAD patients on clopidogrel. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional pilot study of 46 Puerto Rican patients diagnosed with PAD. The cohort was divided based on use of clopidogrel and cilostazol (n=24) or clopidogrel alone (n=22)...
March 28, 2018: Drug Metabolism and Personalized Therapy
Anoop Arunagiri, Leena Haataja, Corey N Cunningham, Neha Shrestha, Billy Tsai, Ling Qi, Ming Liu, Peter Arvan
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is broadly distributed throughout the cytoplasm of pancreatic beta cells, and this is where all proinsulin is initially made. Healthy beta cells can synthesize 6000 proinsulin molecules per second. Ordinarily, nascent proinsulin entering the ER rapidly folds via the formation of three evolutionarily conserved disulfide bonds (B7-A7, B19-A20, and A6-A11). A modest amount of proinsulin misfolding, including both intramolecular disulfide mispairing and intermolecular disulfide-linked protein complexes, is a natural by-product of proinsulin biosynthesis, as is the case for many proteins...
January 28, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
L J MacLean, R Saab, A Gordon, C T Matava
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 20, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
Lu Gan, Midie Xu, Ruixi Hua, Cong Tan, Jieyun Zhang, Yiwei Gong, Zhenhua Wu, Weiwei Weng, Weiqi Sheng, Weijian Guo
BACKGROUND: The influences of oncogenic Ezh2 on the progression and prognosis of gastric cancer (GC) and the underlying mechanisms are still poorly understood. Here, we aimed at investigating clinicopathological significance of Ezh2 in GC and the mechanisms underlying its function in GC development. METHODS: The expression level of Ezh2 was determined by qRT-PCR, immunoblot, and immunohistochemistry analysis in 156 pairs of GC tissues and adjacent normal gastric mucosa tissues...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
Hélène Colineaux, Fanny Le Querrec, Laure Pourcel, Jean-Christophe Gallart, Olivier Azéma, Thierry Lang, Michelle Kelly-Irving, Sandrine Charpentier, Sébastien Lamy
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the association between patients' socioeconomic position (SEP) and the use of emergency departments (EDs). METHODS: This population-based study included all visits to ED in 2012 by inhabitants of the French Midi-Pyrénées region, recorded by the Regional Emergency Departments Observatory. We compared ED visit rates and the proportion of non-severe visits according to the patients' SEP as assessed by the European Deprivation Index. RESULTS: We analysed 496,388 visits...
April 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Qifeng Wang, Hualei Gan, Chengshu Chen, Yifeng Sun, Jinying Chen, Midie Xu, Weiwei Weng, Liyu Cao, Qinghua Xu, Jian Wang
BACKGROUND: Renal cancers account for more than 3% of all adult malignancies and cause more than 23,400 deaths per year in China alone. The four most common types of kidney tumours include clear cell, papillary, chromophobe and benign oncocytoma. These histological subtypes vary in their clinical course and prognosis, and different clinical strategies have been developed for their management. Some kidney tumours can be very difficult to distinguish based on the pathological assessment of morphology and immunohistochemistry...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
Vinel Alexia, Vachon Chloé, Barthet Pierre, Laurencin-Dalicieux Sara
OBJECTIVES: With 39,359 entries on PubMed, periodontal medicine has a prominent position in periodontal research. Good patient care requires well-advised physicians, and whereas the dental community is informed about the relationships between periodontal diseases (PDs) and an increasing number of systemic pathologies, we wondered whether general practitioners were too. Thus, we aimed to evaluate their knowledge of the links between periodontal and systemic diseases. METHODS: To this end, we sent an electronic questionnaire to the 2350 general practitioners registered to the URPS (Union régionale des Professionnels de Santé) of Midi-Pyrénées, France...
December 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
Calum MacAulay, Mira Keyes, Malcolm Hayes, Andrea Lo, Gang Wang, Martial Guillaud, Martin Gleave, Laden Fazli, Jagoda Korbelik, Colin Collins, Sarah Keyes, Branko Palcic
This study investigates whether Genomic Organization at Large Scales (which we propose to call GOALS) as quantified via nuclear phenotype characteristics and cell sociology features (describing cell organization within tissue) collected from prostate tissue microarrays (TMAs) can separate biochemical failure from biochemical nonevidence of disease (BNED) after radical prostatectomy (RP). Of the 78 prostate cancer tissue cores collected from patients treated with RP, 16 who developed biochemical relapse (failure group) and 16 who were BNED patients (nonfailure group) were included in the analyses (36 cores from 32 patients)...
December 2017: Cytometry. Part A: the Journal of the International Society for Analytical Cytology
Sébastien Lamy, Denis Ducros, Chloé Diméglio, Hélène Colineaux, Romain Fantin, Eloïse Berger, Pascale Grosclaude, Cyrille Delpierre, Béatrice Bouhanick
This research investigates the influence of place of residence and diabetic patient's socioeconomic position on their use of health services in a universal health care system. This retrospective cross-sectional population-based study is based on the joint use of the Health Insurance information systems, an ecological indicator of social deprivation and an indicator of potential spatial accessibility of healthcare provision in the Midi-Pyrénées region. Using French healthcare insurance population-based data on reimbursement of out-of-hospital care during the year 2012, we study the use of health services among patients aged 50 and over (n = 90,136)...
2017: PloS One
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