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pelvic imbalance

F Popescu, C R Jaslow, W H Kutteh
STUDY QUESTION: Will the addition of 24-chromosome microarray analysis on miscarriage tissue combined with the standard American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) evaluation for recurrent miscarriage explain most losses? SUMMARY ANSWER: Over 90% of patients with recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) will have a probable or definitive cause identified when combining genetic testing on miscarriage tissue with the standard ASRM evaluation for recurrent miscarriage...
March 12, 2018: Human Reproduction
Melvin C Makhni, Jamal N Shillingford, Joseph L Laratta, Seung-Jae Hyun, Yongjung J Kim
The prevalence of patients with adult spinal deformity (ASD) has been reported as high as 68%. ASD often leads to significant pain and disability. Recent emphasis has been placed on sagittal plane balance and restoring normal sagittal alignment with regards to the three dimensional deformity of ASD. Optimal sagittal alignment has been known to increase spinal biomechanical efficiency, reduce energy expenditure by maintaining a stable posture with improved load absorption, influence better bony union, and help to decelerate adjacent segment deterioration...
March 2018: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Nathalie Loeper, Simon Graspeuntner, Jan Rupp
The integrity of the human urogenital microbiome is crucial for women's health and well-being. An imbalance of the urogenital microbiota increases the risk for sexually transmitted infections. In this review, we discuss the microbiota composition of the female urogenital tract and its role in protecting from sexually transmitted infections and the emergence of pelvic inflammatory disease.
February 13, 2018: Microbes and Infection
Ali K Ozturk, Patricia Zadnik Sullivan, Vincent Arlet
The importance of sagittal spinal balance and lumbopelvic parameters is now well understood. The popularization of various osteotomies, including Smith-Peterson, Ponte, and pedicle subtraction osteotomies (PSOs), as well as vertebral column resections, have greatly enhanced the spine surgeon's ability to recognize and effectively treat sagittal imbalance. Yet rare circumstances remain, most notably in distal kyphotic deformities and patients with extremely elevated pelvic incidences, where these techniques remain inadequate...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
Kuenzang Wangdi, Bungo Otsuki, Shunsuke Fujibayashi, Shimei Tanida, Kazutaka Masamoto, Shuichi Matsuda
PURPOSE: To report on suggested technique with four screws in a single vertebra (two pedicle screws and two direct vertebral body screws) for enhanced fixation with just one level cranially to a pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO). METHODS: A 60-year-old woman underwent L4/5 fusion surgery for degenerative spondylolisthesis. Two years later, she was unable to stand upright even for a short time because of lumbar kyphosis caused by subsidence of the fusion cage and of Baastrup syndrome in the upper lumbar spine [sagittal vertical axis (SVA) of 114 mm, pelvic incidence of 75°, and lumbar lordosis (LL) of 41°]...
February 7, 2018: European Spine Journal
Juan P Sardi, Jorge E Camacho, Roberto C Diaz, Miguel E Berbeo
STUDY: Design: Diagnostic studies-concordance between diagnostic tests. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to develop a novel spinopelvic parameter (Berbeo-Sardi angle [BSA], the angle formed at the intersection of a line that connects the inferior margin of the sacroiliac joint to the midpoint of a horizontal line joining both femoral heads) measurable in anteroposterior radiographs that indirectly estimates pelvic retroversion and correlates with traditional measurements like pelvic tilt (PT)...
March 2018: Spine Deformity
Yasaman Safarpour, Bahman Jabbari
This review evaluates the existing level of evidence for efficacy of BoNTs in different pain syndromes using the recommended efficacy criteria from the Assessment and Therapeutic Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. There is a level A evidence (effective) for BoNT therapy in post-herpetic neuralgia, trigeminal neuralgia, and posttraumatic neuralgia. There is a level B evidence (probably effective) for diabetic neuropathy, plantar fasciitis, piriformis syndrome, pain associated with total knee arthroplasty, male pelvic pain syndrome, chronic low back pain, male pelvic pain, and neuropathic pain secondary to traumatic spinal cord injury...
January 31, 2018: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
W Thompson, A Cogniet, M Challali, R Saddiki, J Rigal, Jean Charles Le Huec
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate postoperative changes within the cervical alignment following surgical lumbar correction by pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO) in patients affected with sagittal global malalignment disease. METHODS: This was a monocentric, radiographic, and prospective study. 79 patients, who underwent sagittal correction by PSO, performed an EOS imaging pre- and postoperatively between January 2008 and December 2013 at the University Hospital of Bordeaux...
February 2, 2018: European Spine Journal
I S Shormanov, I I Mozhaev, Kh A Sokolova, A S Solovev
This literature review of recent clinical and experimental studies describes the role of oxidative stress in the multifactorial and interdisciplinary pathogenesis of non-inflammatory chronic pelvic pain syndrome IIIB (CPPS-IIIB) in men. The authors outline general biological nature of oxidative stress and its mechanisms. More detailed information is presented on cytokine-mediated chronic subclinical inflammation, one of the key mechanisms of oxidative stress, which is currently being actively studied. It is shown that the imbalance between pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines observed in patients with CPPS-IIIB can explain some features of the clinical course (in particular, the characteristics of the pain syndrome) and the progression of this disease...
December 2017: Urologii︠a︡
Amer Sebaaly, Rami El Rachkidi, Pierre Grobost, Marion Burnier, Hubert Labelle, Pierre Roussouly
BACKGROUND: In high-grade spondylolisthesis (HGSPL), the pelvic incidence (PI) is not a reliable measurement because of doming of the sacrum. Measurement of L5 incidence (L5I) was described as a tool to measure pelvic morphology in HGSPL and for surgical follow-up. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate L5I in HGSPL and its relationship to other spinopelvic parameters. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study of a cohort of 184 patients with HGSPL was carried out...
January 31, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Jinlei Zhang, Yong Hai, Jincai Yang, Aixing Pan, Yangpu Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical and spinopelvic features in patients with lumbar spondylolisthesis and degenerative lumbar scoliosis (LSDLS) and those with standalone lumbar spondylolisthesis (SALS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 130 patients with lumbar spondylolisthesis seen between 05/2013 and 12/2016 in our hospital. Propensity score matching was used to reduce an age distribution imbalance between the two groups. Clinical and spinopelvic parameters were compared by independent samples t test and chi-square test...
January 19, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Pedro Berjano, Andrea Zanirato, Domenico Compagnone, Andrea Redaelli, Marco Damilano, Claudio Lamartina
PURPOSE: To describe hypercomplex pedicle subtraction osteotomies (HyC-PSO) for adult spine deformity with sagittal imbalance in terms of preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative outcomes and complications. METHODS: From a prospective single centre database, patients undergoing PSO between January 2016 and May 2017 were reviewed. HyC-PSO were defined as those in patients with one of the following conditions: sagittal correction > 45° needed at a single level or at 1-3 consecutive vertebrae, more than 60° of total sagittal correction needed and PSO on segments of the spine with congenital deformities...
January 15, 2018: European Spine Journal
L Conti, E Baldini, P Capelli, C Capelli
INTRODUCTION: The obturator hernia is a rare pelvic hernia that often comes in the shape of bowel obstruction caused by the presence of an intestinal segment, more often ileum, passing trough the obturator foramen of the pelvic wall (Fig. 1). This type of hernia accounts for 0.5-1.4% of all hernias. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the clinical case of a 84-year-old woman with no previous surgical interventions, who went to the emergency room complaining of vomit and nausea, bowels closed to gas and stool, which she had experienced for three previous days...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Lin-Nan Wang, Bo-Wen Hu, Lei Wang, Xi Yang, Li-Min Liu, Yue-Ming Song
BACKGROUND: Osteoblastoma is a rare and benign tumor which requires early diagnosis and surgical excision. Scoliosis is a common presentation following osteoblastoma. It is considered due to pain-provoked muscle spasm on the side of the lesion. Few researches about osteoblastoma combined with severe scoliosis have been reported. CASE PRESENTATION: A 14-year-old girl presents with progressive scoliosis deformity for 3 years, with gradually appeared low back pain and numbness of left leg...
December 19, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Sang-Yeol Lee, Se-Yeon Park
The purpose of this study was to identify the instability of the trunk and the pelvis of subjects who were standing on differently angled ramps under conditions in which the ramps were crossed. Changes in the trunk and the pelvis while each subject was standing on one leg in the direction of the cross ramps at four angles (0°, 5°, 10°, and 15°) were measured. To identify instability, the trunk inclination, trunk imbalance, pelvic position, pelvic rotation, and pelvic torsion of 20 healthy male subjects were measured...
August 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Kun Ma, Song-Ping Luo, Min Li, Hui-Xian Zhang, Li-Mian Xu, Rui-Hua Zhao, Shao-Bin Wei
Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infectious disease. At present, Western medicine is mainly treated with antibiotics. However, the situation of antibiotics abuse is so grim that the potential risks such as the imbalance of bacteria, the resistance of bacteria, the production of super bacteria and the increase of adverse reactions are becoming more and more serious. Therefore, it is urgent to find a way to supplement or substitute antibiotics for the treatment of this disease. Traditional Chinese medicine treatment of the disease is effective and has its unique advantages...
April 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Chen-Jun Liu, Zhen-Qi Zhu, Kai-Feng Wang, Shuo Duan, Shuai Xu, Hai-Ying Liu
BACKGROUND: Thoracolumbar junction (TLJ) is the transitional area between the lower thoracic spine and the upper lumbar spine. Vertebral compression fractures and proximal junctional kyphosis following spine surgery often occur in this area. Therefore, the study of development and mechanisms of thoracolumbar junctional degeneration is important for planning surgical management. This study aimed to review radiological parameters of thoracolumbar junctional degenerative kyphosis (TLJDK) in patients with lumbar degenerative kyphosis and to analyze compensatory mechanisms of sagittal balance...
November 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
Gennaro Scutiero, Piergiorgio Iannone, Giulia Bernardi, Gloria Bonaccorsi, Savino Spadaro, Carlo Alberto Volta, Pantaleo Greco, Luigi Nappi
Endometriosis is one of the most common gynaecologic diseases in women of reproductive age. It is characterized by the presence of endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity. The women affected suffer from pelvic pain and infertility. The complex etiology is still unclear and it is based on three main theories: retrograde menstruation, coelomic metaplasia, and induction theory. Genetics and epigenetics also play a role in the development of endometriosis. Recent studies have put the attention on the role of oxidative stress, defined as an imbalance between reactive oxygen species (ROS) and antioxidants, which may be implicated in the pathophysiology of endometriosis causing a general inflammatory response in the peritoneal cavity...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Akshay Sharma, Sina Pourtaheri, Jason Savage, Iain Kalfas, Thomas E Mroz, Edward C Benzel, Michael P Steinmetz
BACKGROUND: Scoliosis X-rays are the gold standard for assessing preoperative lumbar lordosis; however, particularly for flexible lumbar deformities, it is difficult to predict from these images the extent of correction required, as standing radiographs cannot predict the thoracolumbar alignment after intraoperative positioning. OBJECTIVE: To determine the utility of preoperative MRI in surgical planning for patients with flexible sagittal imbalance. METHODS: We identified 138 patients with sagittal imbalance...
August 3, 2017: Neurosurgery
Han Fei, Wei-Shi Li, Zhuo-Ran Sun, Qing-Wei Ma, Zhong-Qiang Chen
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have concentrated on the sagittal alignment of lumbar disc herniation (LDH), especially the parameters of the pelvis, and controversy exists about whether pelvic morphology is involved in the pathogenesis of LDH. The present study analyzed the characteristics of the sagittal alignment in young Chinese LDH patients and explored the impact of pelvic morphology on the pathogenesis of LDH. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 100 young patients with LDH (69 men and 31 women, aged 18-35 years), and the clinical and imaging findings met the criteria for the diagnosis of LDH...
August 2017: Orthopaedic Surgery
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