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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731666/pulmonary-complications-of-chemical-pneumonia-a-case-report
#1
Semiha Bahceci Erdem, Hikmet T Nacaroglu, Rana Isgüder, Canan S Unsal Karkiner, Hüdaver Alper, Demet Can
Hydrocarbon aspiration (HA) can cause significant lung disease by inducing an inflammatory response, hemorrhagic exudative alveolitis, and loss of surfactant function. The most serious side effect of HA is aspiration pneumonia. Pneumothorax, pneumatocele, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), pulmonary abscess, bronchopleural fistula, bilateral hemorrhagic pleural effusion and pyopneumothorax were previously reported. Hereby we report a patient hospitalized due to aspiration pneumonia who developed pleurisy and pneumothorax after drinking paint thinner...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716481/-disseminated-nocardiosis-caused-by-nocardia-nova-with-brain-abscesses-and-osteomyelitis-in-an-immunocompetent-patient
#2
P-L Conan, C Ficko, F Charton, O Bylicki, H Le Floch, J Margery, F Rivière
INTRODUCTION: Nocardia is an opportunist bacteria involved in patients with cellular immunodepression or chronic lung disease. The most frequent portals of entry are the respiratory tract by inhalation or direct inoculation through a cutaneous effraction. Nocardiosis may be localised or disseminated. CASE REPORT: We report a rare case of disseminated nocardiosis to Nocardia nova with pulmonary, cutaneous, cerebral attacks and femoral osteomyelitis. The diagnosis was confirmed by prolonged cultures of the bronchoalveolar fluid and the pus extracted from a cutaneous lesion...
July 14, 2017: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706868/tricuspid-valve-endocarditis
#3
Syed T Hussain, James Witten, Nabin K Shrestha, Eugene H Blackstone, Gösta B Pettersson
Right-sided infective endocarditis (RSIE) is less common than left-sided infective endocarditis (IE), encompassing only 5-10% of cases of IE. Ninety percent of RSIE involves the tricuspid valve (TV). Given the relatively small numbers of TVIE cases operated on at most institutions, the purpose of this review is to highlight and discuss the current understanding of IE involving the TV. RSIE and TVIE are strongly associated with intravenous drug use (IVDU), although pacemaker leads, defibrillator leads and vascular access for dialysis are also major risk factors...
May 2017: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701832/tuberculous-mastitis-diagnosed-on-cytology-case-report-of-a-rare-entity
#4
Riti Tushar Kanti Sinha, Aniruna Dey, Seema Agarwal
Tuberculous mastititis is a rare clinical entity and usually affects women from the Indian subcontinent. It often mimics breast carcinoma and pyogenic breast abscess. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is a very essential diagnostic tool when other routine laboratory investigations are not helpful in reaching to the conclusion. Tuberculosis (TB) of the breast is an uncommon presentation of TB even in countries where the incidence of pulmonary and extrapulmonary TB is high. Radiological imaging is not diagnostic...
July 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701197/a-case-of-bowel-perforation-due-to-traumatic-hernia-at-a-pelvic-fracture-site-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Ryota Tanaka, Hisashi Nagahara, Kiyoshi Maeda, Hiroshi Ohtani, Masatsune Shibutani, Tatsuro Tamura, Tetsuro Ikeya, Kenji Sugano, Yasuhito Iseki, Katsunobu Sakurai, Sadaaki Yamazoe, Kenjiro Kimura, Takahiro Toyokawa, Ryosuke Amano, Naoshi Kubo, Hiroaki Tanaka, Kazuya Muguruma, Kosei Hirakawa, Masaichi Ohira
BACKGROUND: Common complications of pelvic fractures include visceral injury, large-volume hemorrhage, genitourinary injury, rectal injury, and pulmonary embolism. On the other hand, traumatic hernia is a rare complication, especially in association with pelvic fractures. We report a case of bowel perforation due to traumatic hernia at a pelvic fracture site. CASE PRESENTATION: A 65-year-old female was presented at our hospital for further examination and treatment of ileus...
July 12, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695805/clinical-analysis-of-77-patients-with-allergic-bronchopulmonary-aspergillosis-in-peking-union-medical-college-hospital
#6
Mingqiang Zhang, Jinming Gao
Objective To summarize the clinical features of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis(ABPA)to facilitate its early diagnosis and treatment. Methods We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 77 patients who had been admitted to Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 1996 to July 2015 with ABPA. Results The average age of these 77 patients(38 men and 39 women)was(41.8±18.3)years. The co-morbidities included bronchial asthma(n=74,96%)and pulmonary cystic fibrosis(n=3,4%). The main symptoms and signs of ABPA were chronic cough(100%),sputum production(97%),wheeze(86%),sputum plugs(25%),blood-stained sputum(18%),hemoptysis(9%),chest pain(9%),fever(47%),weight loss(30%),and night sweat(12%)...
June 20, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681687/retrospective-study-of-fatal-pneumonia-in-racehorses
#7
Francisco R Carvallo, Francisco A Uzal, Santiago S Diab, Ashley E Hill, Rick M Arthur
Respiratory diseases have a major impact on racehorses in training and are often cited as the second most common reason of horses failing to perform. Cases were submitted by the California Horse Racing Board to the California Animal Health and Food Safety laboratory for postmortem examination between January 1, 2005 and December 31, 2014. We determined the demographics of racehorses with fatal pneumonia, characterized the pathologic findings in animals with a postmortem diagnosis of respiratory infection, and determined the most significant pathogens associated with lower respiratory tract disease...
July 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673337/rare-presentation-of-intractable-tuberculous-panophthalmitis-with-intraocular-and-intraorbital-abscesses-a-case-report
#8
Sutasinee Boonsopon, Nattaporn Tesavibul, Mongkol Uiprasertkul, Supinda Leeamornsiri, Pitipol Choopong
BACKGROUND: We report a rare presentation of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 29-year-old Burmese woman with human immunodeficiency virus infection and known pulmonary tuberculosis who had been treated for 5 months presented to our hospital with unilateral progressive painful visual loss of 1 month's duration. She was diagnosed with tuberculous panophthalmitis with subretinal and intraorbital abscesses, conjunctival abscess, and extraocular muscle tuberculoma...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658848/parietal-wall-abscess-perforating-to-transverse-colon-a-rare-presentation
#9
Sudeepta Kumar Swain, Dinesh Zirpe, Somak Das, Tirupporur Govindaswamy Balachandar, Prasanna Kumar Reddy
Extrapulmonary tuberculosis affects an isolated organ or presents secondary to pulmonary involvement. Lymph nodes are the common sites for extrapulmonary tuberculosis. Primary extrapulmonary tuberculosis involving parietal wall is an unusual presentation. Tubercular abscess of the abdominal wall perforating to large bowel has not been reported. Here, we are reporting a very rare case of anterior abdominal wall abscess of tubercular origin in a 57-year-old female patient who presented with complaints of pain in upper abdomen for four months...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634177/pneumococcal-pulmonary-valve-endocarditis
#10
Apostolos Vrettos, Paula Mota, James Nash, Iain Thorp, Max Baghai, Max Baghai
Pulmonary valve endocarditis is an rare type of infective endocarditis (IE). Streptococcus pneumoniae is a pathogen that is uncommonly associated with IE. A 50 year-old man was referred to us to an incidental echocardiographic finding of a pulmonary valve vegetation. He had a recent admission for drainage of a scrotal abscess from which streptococcus pneumoniae was isolated, complicated by hospital acquired pneumonia and pulmonary embolism. Analysis using Polymerase Chain Reaction of the surgically resected mass revealed signs of 16S rDNA consistent with Streptococcus pneumoniae infection...
June 20, 2017: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633709/primary-pulmonary-actinomycosis-a-retrospective-analysis-of-145-cases-in-mainland-china
#11
M Zhang, X-Y Zhang, Y-B Chen
OBJECTIVE: To improve our understanding of pulmonary actinomycosis. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 145 cases in mainland China was conducted. RESULTS: The male:female ratio was 2.7:1. Mean age at diagnosis was 48 years (± 12). Main symptoms were cough (87.6%), expectoration (40%), blood-stained sputum (37.2%), fever (26.9%), chest pain (24.8%) and haemoptysis (16.6%). Eighty-eight (60.7%) patients had no underlying disease. Only five patients received a correct initial diagnosis; 60 patients were misdiagnosed with lung cancer, followed by pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) and lung abscess...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629401/odontogenic-orbital-cellulitis-associated-with-cavernous-sinus-thrombosis-and-pulmonary-embolism-a-case-report
#12
D Allegrini, S Reposi, E Nocerino, A Pece
BACKGROUND: This case illustrates the importance of prompt assessment and treatment of orbital cellulitis. In fact the ocular signs and symptoms may be associated with systemic complications which should be investigated and identified as soon as possible to avoid a poor prognosis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 46-year-old white woman presented to our emergency room with proptosis, ophthalmoplegia, and conjunctival chemosis of her left eye. An ophthalmologist, having diagnosed orbital cellulitis in her left eye, suspected a cavernous sinus thrombosis...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614268/pulmonary-and-cutaneous-infection-caused-by-nocardia-farcinica-in-a-patient-with-nephrotic-syndrome-a-case-report
#13
Ning Zhu, Yuan Zhu, Yi Wang, Shaoshao Dong
RATIONALE: Nocardia species is known as conditional pathogenic bacteria. Disseminated infection caused by Nocardia species is rare and occurs primarily in immunosuppressed patients. Signs and symptoms of this infection are frequently nonspecific making early diagnosis and treatment difficult. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a case of subcutaneous and pulmonary nocardiosis due to Nocardia farcinica (N farcinica) in a patient with nephrotic syndrome who is undergoing long-term corticosteroid therapy...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608633/asymptomatic-pulmonary-arteriovenous-malformations-in-children-with-hereditary-hemorrhagic-telangiectasia
#14
Ashley M Gefen, Andrew J White
BACKGROUND: Children with Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia (HHT) may have pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), which can lead to symptoms of shortness of breath, exercise intolerance, clubbing, cyanosis and hemoptysis. However, some patients with pulmonary AVMs may be asymptomatic, placing them at risk for complications such as stroke or brain abscess if they are not identified and treated. This study examines the incidence of signs and symptoms associated with pulmonary AVMs in children with HHT known to have pulmonary AVMs...
June 13, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607892/manifestations-of-tuberculosis-in-otorhinolaryngology-practice-a-retrospective-study-conducted-in-a-coastal-city-of-south-india
#15
Rithika Sriram, Kiran M Bhojwani
Tuberculosis (TB) of the head and neck has proved to be a diagnostic challenge for otorhinolarynologists around the world and is often misdiagnosed as cancer. To contribute to a better understanding of TB in the head and neck region by assessing its various manifestations, presentations, diagnostic techniques, risk factors, coexisting illnesses and treatment modalities. This was a retrospective study conducted over a 3 year period (2012-2014) in 2 hospitals in South India, among patients diagnosed to have TB of the head and neck...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588815/familial-cerebral-abscesses-caused-by-hereditary-hemorrhagic-telangiectasia
#16
Pernille Mathiesen Tørring, Mathilde Faurholdt Lauridsen, Christine I Dali, Poul Erik Andersen, Lillian Bomme Ousager, Klaus Brusgaard, Anette Kjeldsen
In case of a cerebral abscess without known cause, Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVM) screening should be performed. If PAVM(s) is identified, Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is very likely and should always be considered. This case shows the benefit of familial screening for HHT and PAVM.
June 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588332/diaphragmatic-hernia-in-a-pet-chinchilla-chinchilla-lanigera
#17
Jessica Aymen, Isabelle Langlois, Isabelle Lanthier
A 10-year-old pet chinchilla (Chinchilla lanigera) was referred for ultrasound investigation of a thoracic mass. The mass was initially believed to be a pulmonary abscess or tumor based on radiographs and ultrasound. Cytological examination suggested the presence of a gastrointestinal structure in the thorax, and necropsy revealed a true diaphragmatic hernia subdividing the stomach into thoracic and abdominal portions.
June 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580216/septic-thrombophlebitis-of-the-internal-jugular-vein-a-case-of-lemierre-s-syndrome
#18
Adam Alperstein, Raymond M Fertig, Matthew Feldman, Daniel Watford, Susan Nystrom, Guesly Delva, Salman Muddassir
An 18-year-old gentleman with a history of recurrent tonsillitis presented to the emergency room complaining of worsening sore throat. He was found to have a peritonisillar abscess, and imaging revealed a non-occlusive left internal jugular vein thrombosis. Lemierre's syndrome is a rare, potentially fatal condition characterized by internal jugular vein thrombosis with septicemia following an acute oropharyngeal infection. While anticoagulation is the mainstay of treatment of deep venous thromboembolism (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), the use of therapy is controversial in septic thrombophlebitis...
May 2017: Intractable & Rare Diseases Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580068/mucoepidermoid-carcinoma-of-the-airways-in-a-young-adult-male
#19
Maarten Horst, Mirthe Dekker, Sicco Braak
Mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) of the airways is a rare entity most often found in young patients. We present a case of a 23 year old patient with symptoms of pneumonia, which progresses to a pulmonary abscess within a week. Diagnostic work-up reveals an endobronchial obstruction by a pedunculated low grade MEC. A literature review is provided and radiological appearances are described.
February 2017: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578477/prevalence-of-hereditary-hemorrhagic-telangiectasia-in-patients-operated-for-cerebral-abscess-a-retrospective-cohort-analysis
#20
L Larsen, C R Marker, A D Kjeldsen, F R Poulsen
It is well described that patients with pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs) and Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia (HHT) have an increased risk of cerebral abscess (CA). However, as both CA and HHT are rare, the proportion of patients with CA who are diagnosed with HHT has not been previously described. A retrospective study was carried out of all patients treated surgically for CA between January 1995 and September 2014 at the Department of Neurosurgery, Odense University Hospital. The cases were then cross-referenced with the Danish HHT database...
June 3, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
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