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Abscess pulmonary

Megumi Yazaki, Takehiko Oami, Kazuya Nakanishi, Ryota Hase, Hiroyuki Watanabe
Although vancomycin administration is recommended for the treatment of infective endocarditis (IE) caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), it is unclear whether an alternative agent, daptomycin, can be used to treat IE with pulmonary complications. A 26-year-old female who had undergone surgical repair of a ventricular septal defect as an early teenager presented with fever, headache, and vomiting. She was admitted to our hospital and diagnosed with right-sided IE with septic pulmonary embolism caused by MRSA...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
Haruhiko Shiiya, Yasuhiro Suzuki, Shigeo Yamazaki, Kichizo Kaga
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs) can be associated with life-threatening complications such as paradoxical embolization, cerebral abscess, and hemothorax. Therefore, all adults with PAVMs should be offered treatment. Percutaneous transcatheter embolization is the first-line treatment, but 5-25% of cases require further treatment due to persistence after embolization. Recently, the role of minimally invasive thoracic surgery as a definitive treatment has been evaluated...
March 12, 2018: Surgical Case Reports
Gabriel T Gao, William Binder
Nexplanon is a long-acting 4cm radio-opaque rod shaped contraceptive device implanted in the subdermal layer of the inner, upper arm. Complications from implantation are uncommon and mostly local and minor, including infection at the implantation site with resulting cellulitis or abscess, hematoma, abnormal scar formation, or local damage to nerves and blood vessels. Intravascular insertion is estimated to be at 1.3 per million Nexplanon implants, and migration and embolization is a rare complication of this device...
March 3, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Khalid Gafoor, Shalin Patel, Francis Girvin, Nishant Gupta, David Naidich, Stephen Machnicki, Kevin K Brown, Atul Mehta, Bryan Husta, Jay Ryu, George Sarosi, Tomas Franquet, Johny Verschakelen, Takeshi Johkoh, William Travis, Suhail Raoof
Cavities are occasionally encountered on thoracic imaging. Their differential diagnosis is large and includes, among others, various infections, autoimmune conditions and primary and metastatic malignancies. We offer an algorithmic approach to their evaluation by initially excluding mimics of cavities then broadly classifying them according to the duration of clinical symptoms and radiological abnormalities.. An acute or subacute process (<12 weeks) suggests common bacterial and uncommon nocardial and fungal causes of pulmonary abscesses, necrotizing pneumonias, and septic emboli...
March 5, 2018: Chest
Y Sasabuchi, H Yasunaga, H Matsui, A K Lefor, K Fushimi, M Sanui
BACKGROUNDS AND AIMS: Epidural analgesia is an option for pain control in patients with acute pancreatitis. The aim of this study is to describe characteristics, morbidity and mortality of patients with acute pancreatitis treated with epidural analgesia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: n on patients hospitalized with acute pancreatitis between July 2010 and March 2013. A total of 44,146 patients discharged from acute care hospitals were included in this retrospective cohort study...
July 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
Heui Seung Lee, Jeong Hoon Kim, Young-Hoon Kim, Seungjoo Lee
Community-acquired brain abscess is still encountered in clinical practice and causes considerable complications, despite improvements in hygiene in modernised societies. This study aimed to identify potential risk factors pertaining to predisposing infections and microorganisms to facilitate effective treatment of the brain abscess.Of 121 surgically treated patients with brain abscess the most frequent predisposing condition was odontogenic infections (49/121 patients, 40.5%) followed by sinusitis (14/121, 11...
February 28, 2018: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
Nicolas Pichon, Agathe Nallatamby, Marine Blondel, Florence Pichon-Lefievre
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 26, 2018: Intensive Care Medicine
Steven Kroon, Repke J Snijder, Marie E Faughnan, Hans-Jurgen Mager
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is an autosomal dominant inherited disease characterized by telangiectasia and arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). To date, five genetic types of HHT and one combined juvenile polyposis syndrome and HHT are known. Clinical and genetic screening of patients suspected with HHT is recommended to confirm the diagnosis and to prevent complications associated with HHT. The aim of this article is to give an overview of the evidence and to formulate a recommendation for clinicians concerning screening for HHT...
February 20, 2018: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
Nicolás María González-Senac, Vicente Romero Estarlich, Eugenio Marañón Fernández, Jose Antonio Serra-Rexach
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2018: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
I Wojsyk-Banaszak, K Krenke, K Jończyk-Potoczna, K Ksepko, A Wielebska, M Mikoś, A Bręborowicz
AIM: The aim of the study was to describe the epidemiology and clinical characteristic of children hospitalized with pneumonia complicated by lung abscess, as well as to evaluate the long-term sequelae of the disease. METHODS: A retrospective review of medical records of all patients treated for pulmonary abscess in two tertiary centers was undertaken. Pulmonary function tests and lung ultrasound were performed at a follow-up. RESULTS: During the study period, 5151 children with pneumonia were admitted, and 49 (0...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
Eva Teng, Luke Bennett, Tommaso Morelli, Anindo Banerjee
We report an unusual presentation of pulmonary embolism (PE) where a 58-year-old man first developed symptoms of community-acquired pneumonia. Despite antibiotic therapy, he remained unwell with rising inflammatory markers, general malaise and persistent cough. He developed stony dull percussion and absent breath sounds to his left mid to lower zones. Serial chest x-rays showed progression from lobar consolidation to a large loculated left-sided pleural collection. CT chest showed left-sided lung abscess, empyema and bronchopleural fistulation...
February 5, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Peter Gerber, Claes Anderin, Eva Szabo, Ingmar Näslund, Anders Thorell
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of older patients undergo bariatric surgery. OBJECTIVE: To define the risk for complications and mortality in relation to age after gastric bypass. SETTING: A national registry-based study. METHODS: Patients (n = 47,660) undergoing gastric bypass between May 2007 and October 2016 and registered in the Scandinavian Obesity Register were included. Risk between age groups was compared by multivariate analysis...
January 4, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Paolo Ruggeri, Federica Lo Bello, Francesco Nucera, Michele Gaeta, Francesco Monaco, Gaetano Caramori, Giuseppe Girbino
We present here the case of a 30-year-old man with a long term history of nephrotic syndrome (NS) who developed an episode of acute left main pulmonary artery thrombosis complicated by a lung abscess. During the hospital admission was also identified a concomitant hyperhomocysteinemia. After an atypical resection of the left upper pulmonary lobe and the starting of long term anticoagulation the patient was discharged but did not attend the planned follow up visits until one year later when he was seen again for severe dyspnea and exercise intolerance...
December 19, 2017: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
Isao Matsumoto, Kenji Iino, Hirofumi Takemura
Cavernostomy and fenestration were performed in a patient who developed a lung abscess and empyema in the left lung, which was damaged after multimodality therapy for advanced thymoma. The hospitalized patient suddenly experienced cardiopulmonary arrest due to major bleeding from the left main pulmonary artery. We immediately performed the main pulmonary arterial embolization, and the patient was resuscitated. Subsequently, the patient underwent supercharged free omental flap plombage performed in the following manner: first, laparoscopic harvesting of the omentum was performed in the supine position...
February 2, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
R F Relich, B H Schmitt, H Raposo, L Barker, S J Blosser, M May
To date, at least 50 species of Legionella have been described. These organisms are ubiquitous in nature and have been isolated from diverse ecological environments, including man-made structures such as cooling towers and spas. Legionellae have also been isolated from human and veterinary clinical specimens, and their roles in disease are well-established. In this report, we describe the isolation of a novel Legionella species from a respiratory specimen from a patient with influenza and suspected pulmonary embolus...
January 31, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Kenneth V I Rolston, Lior Nesher
Published literature on post-obstructive pneumonia is difficult to find and consists mainly of case reports or small case series. This entity is encountered most often in patients with advanced lung malignancy but is also occasionally seen in patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). There are substantial differences in the manifestations, treatment, and outcomes of post-obstructive pneumonia in these two settings. When obstruction is present in patients with CAP, it is almost always secondary to an underlying pulmonary malignancy...
February 1, 2018: Infectious Diseases and Therapy
Pauline Duport, Guillaume Miltgen, Clément Kebbabi, Olivier Belmonte, Nathalie Coolen-Allou, Jérôme Allyn, Nicolas Allou
Few data are available on the anaerobic bacterium Eggerthia catenaformis. Here we report the first clinical case of a patient with sepsis caused by pulmonary infection with E. catenaformis, and present the minimal inhibitory concentrations of different antimicrobial agents.
January 22, 2018: Anaerobe
Pradeep Navsaria, Andrew Nicol, Jake Krige, Sorin Edu, Sharfuddin Chowdhury
PURPOSE: Nonoperative management (NOM) of gunshot liver injuries (GLI) is infrequently practiced. The aim of this study was to assess the safety of selective NOM of GLI. METHODS: A prospective, protocol-driven study, which included patients with GLI admitted to a level 1 trauma center, was conducted over a 52-month period. Stable patients without peritonism or sustained hypotension with right-sided thoracoabdominal (RTA) and right upper quadrant (RUQ), penetrating wounds with or without localized RUQ tenderness, underwent contrasted abdominal CT scan to determine the trajectory and organ injury...
January 24, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Gregorio Di Franco, Enrico Tagliaferri, Erica Pieroni, Edoardo Benedetti, Simone Guadagni, Matteo Palmeri, Niccolò Furbetta, Daniela Campani, Giulio Di Candio, Mario Petrini, Franco Mosca, Luca Morelli
PURPOSE: Invasive aspergillosis (IA) represents a major cause of morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised patients. Involvement of the gastrointestinal tract by Aspergillus is mostly reported as part of a disseminated infection from a primary pulmonary site and only rarely as an isolated organ infection. METHODS: We report a case of small bowel perforation due to IA in a patient with acute leukemia under chemotherapy and pulmonary aspergillosis. We performed a systematic review of the literature as well...
January 22, 2018: Infection
Sunite A Ganju, Neha Gautam, Garima Sharma
Streptococcus anginosus forms a part of the commensal flora of the oral cavity. However, it can be aggressive and may lead to gastrointestinal and urogenital infections. We present an interesting case and course in a 38-year-old immunocompetent female patient with pyogenic liver abscess due to S. anginosus infection who had multiple carious teeth and underlying pulmonary tuberculosis.
October 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
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