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Dongping Long, Yunfei Shang, Youyi Qiu, Bin Zhou, Peihui Yang
A novel single-cell analysis platform (SCA) was developed for the investigation of platelets adhesion to single human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) via using the adhesion molecule (E-selectin) on the damaged HUVEC as the marker site, and integrating electrochemiluminescence (ECL) with the ultrasensitive Au@DL-ZnCQDs nanoprobes. The Au@DL-ZnCQDs nanocomposite, a kind of double layer zinc-coadsorbed carbon quantum dot (ZnCQDs) core-shell nanoprobe, was firstly constructed by using gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) as the core to load with ZnCQDs and then the citrate-modified silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) as the bridge to link AuNPs-ZnCQDs with ZnCQDs to form the core-shell with double layer ZnCQDs (DL-ZnCQDs) nanoprobe, revealed a 10-fold signal amplification...
November 22, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Kai Cheng, Hao Chen, Cesare H Jenkins, Guanglei Zhang, Wei Zhao, Zhe Zhang, Fei Han, Jonathan Fung, Meng Yang, Yuxin Jiang, Lei Xing, Zhen Cheng
Our development of multifunctional dual-modal imaging probes aims to integrate the benefits from both NIR-II fluorescence (1000 - 1700 nm) and photoacoustic imaging with an ultimate goal of improving overall cancer diagnosis efficacy. Herein we designed a donor-acceptor chromophore based nanoparticle (DAP) as a novel dual-modal image contrast agent which has strong absorption in the NIR-I window and a strong fluorescence emission peak in the NIR-II region. The dual-modal DAPs composed of D-π-A-π-D type chromophores were PEGylated through nanoprecipitation...
December 4, 2017: ACS Nano
Homan Kang, Sinyoung Jeong, Ahla Jo, Hyejin Chang, Jin-Kyoung Yang, Cheolhwan Jeong, San Kyeong, Youn Woo Lee, Animesh Samanta, Kaustabh Kumar Maiti, Myeong Geun Cha, Taek-Keun Kim, Sukmook Lee, Bong-Hyun Jun, Young-Tae Chang, Junho Chung, Ho-Young Lee, Dae Hong Jeong, Yoon-Sik Lee
Immunotargeting ability of antibodies may show significant difference between in vitro and in vivo. To select antibody leads with high affinity and specificity, it is necessary to perform in vivo validation of antibody candidates following in vitro antibody screening. Herein, a robust in vivo validation of anti-tetraspanin-8 antibody candidates against human colon cancer using ratiometric quantification method is reported. The validation is performed on a single mouse and analyzed by multiplexed surface-enhanced Raman scattering using ultrasensitive and near infrared (NIR)-active surface-enhanced resonance Raman scattering nanoprobes (NIR-SERRS dots)...
December 1, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Hui Li, Ping Wang, Wenyu Gong, Qi Wang, Jia Zhou, Wei-Hong Zhu, Yingsheng Cheng
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the leading causes of cancer death. Early detection of precancerous pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PanIN) tissues is an urgent challenge to improve the PDAC prognosis. Here, a urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR)-targeted magnetic resonance (MR)/near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) dual-modal nanoprobe dendron-grafted polylysine (DGL)-U11 for ultra-early detection of pancreatic precancerosis is reported. Because of its good biocompatibility and biodegradability, globular architecture, and well-defined reactive groups, the DGL is chosen as the platform to load with a pancreatic tumor-targeting peptide U11, a magnetic resonance contrast agent Gd3+ -diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid, and a near-infrared fluorescent cyanine dye Cy5...
December 1, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Wenli Hou, Xiaoying Liu, Qiujun Lu, Meiling Liu, Youyu Zhang, Shouzhuo Yao
In this paper, the colorimetric sensing of H2O2 related molecules and biothiols based on etching and anti-etching strategy was firstly proposed. Ag/carbon nanocomposite (Ag/C NC) was served as the sensing nanoprobe, which was synthesized via carbon dots (C-dots) as the reductant and stabilizer. The characteristic surface plasmon resonance (SPR) absorbance of Ag nanoparticles (AgNPs) was sensitive to the amount of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). It exhibited strong optical responses to H2O2 with the solution colour changing from yellow to nearly colourless, which is resulted from the etching of Ag by H2O2...
November 16, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Manoj Kumar Mahata, Hyeongyu Bae, Kang Taek Lee
Photon upconversion materials, featuring excellent photophysical properties, are promising for bio-medical research due to their low autofluorescence, non-cytotoxicity, low photobleaching and high photostability. Upconversion based pH-nanoprobes are attracting considerable interest due to their superiority over pH-sensitive molecular indicators and metal nanoparticles. Herein, we review the advances in upconversion based pH-nanoprobes, the first time in the seven years since their discovery in 2009. With a brief discussion on the upconversion materials and upconversion processes, the progress in this field has been overviewed, along with the toxicity and biodistribution of upconversion materials for intracellular application...
November 25, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Liang Cheng, Sida Shen, Dawei Jiang, Qiutong Jin, Paul A Ellison, Emily B Ehlerding, Shreya Goel, Guosheng Song, Peng Huang, Todd E Barnhart, Zhuang Liu, Weibo Cai
Radiolabeling of molecules or nanoparticles to form imaging probes is critical for positron emission tomography (PET) imaging, which, with high sensitivity and the ability for quantitative imaging, has been widely used in the clinic. While conventional radiolabeling often employs chelator molecules, a general method for chelator-free radiolabeling of a wide range of materials remains to be developed. Herein, we uncovered that ten different types of metal oxide (MxOy, M=Gd, Ti, Te, Eu, Ta, Er, Y, Yb, Ce, or Mo, x=1-2, y=2-5) nanomaterials with polyethylene glycol (PEG) modification could be labeled with 89Zr, a PET tracer, via a simple yet general chelator-free radiolabeling method upon simple mixing...
November 27, 2017: ACS Nano
Simon Arnoldini, Alessandra Moscaroli, Mamta Chabria, Manuel Hilbert, Samuel Hertig, Roger Schibli, Martin Béhé, Viola Vogel
Transformations of extracellular matrix (ECM) accompany pathological tissue changes, yet how cell-ECM crosstalk drives these processes remains unknown as adequate tools to probe forces or mechanical strains in tissues are lacking. Here, we introduce a new nanoprobe to assess the mechanical strain of fibronectin (Fn) fibers in tissue, based on the bacterial Fn-binding peptide FnBPA5. FnBPA5 exhibits nM binding affinity to relaxed, but not stretched Fn fibers and is shown to exhibit strain-sensitive ECM binding in cell culture in a comparison with an established Fn-FRET probe...
November 27, 2017: Nature Communications
Jing Wu, Junlin He, Chengli Zhang, Jun Chen, Yazhen Niu, Qiqi Yuan, Chao Yu
Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in lipoprotein lipase (LPL) gene (rs1801177) is strongly associated with the increased progression of atherosclerosis, threatening global public health. In this work, a relatively simple, specific and ultrasensitive electrochemical DNA biosensor was constructed to detect rs1801177 for the first time. A glass carbon electrode was modified with fullerene (C60)/polyamidoamine (PAMAM)/gold (Au) nanoparticles nanocomposites film. In addition the nitrogen-doped graphene (N-G)/palladium platinum (PdPt) bimetallic nanoparticle/ polyaniline (PANI) nanohybrids were synthesised and used to label the signal probes...
November 21, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Hyeon-Yeol Cho, Md Khaled Hossain, Jin-Ho Lee, Jiyou Han, Hun Joo Lee, Kyeong-Jun Kim, Jong-Hoon Kim, Ki-Bum Lee, Jeong-Woo Choi
Circulating cancer stem cells (CCSCs), a rare circulating tumor cell (CTC) type, recently arose as a useful resource for monitoring and characterizing both cancers and their metastatic derivatives. However, due to the scarcity of CCSCs among hematologic cells in the blood and the complexity of the phenotype confirmation process, CCSC research can be extremely challenging. Hence, we report a nanoparticle-mediated Raman imaging method for CCSC characterization which profiles CCSCs based on their surface marker expression phenotypes...
November 16, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Hua Zhang, Yue Wu, Jing Wang, Zhongmin Tang, Yan Ren, Dalong Ni, Hongbo Gao, Ruixue Song, Teng Jin, Qiao Li, Wenbo Bu, Zhenwei Yao
Adoptive T lymphocyte immunotherapy is one of the most promising methods to treat residual lesions after glioma surgery. However, the fate of the adoptively transferred T-cells in vivo is unclear, hampering the understanding of this emerging therapy. Thus, it is highly desirable to develop noninvasive and quantitative in vivo tracking of these T-cells to glioma for better identification of the migratory fate and to provide objective evaluation of outcomes of adoptive T-cell immunotherapy targeting glioma. In this work, ultrasmall T1 MR-based nanoprobes, NaGdF4 -TAT, as molecular probes with high longitudinal relaxivity (8...
November 23, 2017: Small
Yali Dong, Ling Wang, Feng Wang, Nan Li, Yi Jin, Jinchao Zhang, Xinjian Yang
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is one of the most crucial gas signaling agents that mediate many physiological and pathological processes. However, rapid high-efficiency detection and imaging of H2S in living cells is very challenging. Herein we reported a simple fluorescent nanoprobe using FAM-DNA/AgNP nanocomposites for fast and sensitive H2S detection based on surface silver displacement. In contrast to the conventional principles for fluorescence turn-on analyte detection, the present work demonstrated a sensitive and selective AgNP based optosensor for the assay of H2S...
November 23, 2017: Analyst
Patricia Khashayar, Ghassem Amoabediny, Bagher Larijani, Morteza Hosseini, Jan Vanfleteren
This study was designed to obtain covalently coupled conjugates as means for achieving higher stability and better coverage of the AuNPs by antibodies on the particle surface suitable for sensor performance enhancement. Starting by using a modified protocol, colloid gold solution, with mean AuNP core size of ~6 nm was synthesized. The protocol used for conjugation of AuNPs to osteocalcin antibody in this study relies on covalent and electrostatic attractions between constituents. Varieties of conjugates with varying combinations of crosslinkers and different concentrations were successfully synthesized...
November 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
Meng Li Liu, Hong Yan Zou, Chun Mei Li, Rong Sheng Li, Cheng Zhi Huang
Selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) with strong green scattering light serving as light scattering nanoprobes for dark-field microscopy imaging are developed for the first time. The SeNPs show good stability, excellent biocompatibility, and high light-producing power, and can precisely and specifically target cancer cells with overexpressed nucleolin (NCL) after modification with aptamers, revealing that the SeNPs can act as a good light scattering nanoprobe for bioimaging and biolabeling.
November 22, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Karuppuchamy Selvaprakash, Yu-Chie Chen
Glycan-lectin interactions are commonly observed in nature. Analytical methods, which are used to detect lectins that rely on the use of glycan ligand-modified nanoprobes as affinity probes, have been developed. Most of the existing methods are focused on the use of synthetic glycan ligands. Nevertheless, naturally available glycoproteins, such as ovalbumin in chicken egg whites, are good sources for fabricating glycan-immobilized nanoprobes. In this study, we generated functionalized gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) from a one-pot reaction by reacting chicken egg white (cew) proteins with aqueous tetrachloroaurate...
November 8, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Nicoletta Depalo, Michela Corricelli, Ivan de Paola, Gianpiero Valente, Rosa M Iacobazzi, Emiliano Altamura, Doriana Debellis, Daniela Comegna, Elisabetta Fanizza, Nunzio Denora, Valentino Laquintana, Fabio Mavelli, Marinella Striccoli, Michele Saviano, Angela Agostiano, Annarita Del Gatto, Laura Zaccaro, Maria Lucia Curri
Here, silica coated PbS quantum dots (QDs) with photoluminesce emission properties in the near-infrared (NIR) region are proposed as potential effective single particle optical nanoprobes for future in vivo imaging of tumors. The dispersibility in aqueous medium of hydrophobic PbS QDs was accomplished by growing a silica shell on their surface by exploiting a base assisted water-in-oil microemulsion method. The silica coated PbS QDs were then conjugated with specifically designed cyclic arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (cRGD) peptide, that are able to specifically recognizes the αvβ3 integrins which is overexpressed in the angiogenic tumor induced vasculatures and on some solid tumours, in order to achieve a tumor-specific targeting...
November 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Tianye Cao, Xiaobao Zhou, Yingying Zheng, Yuyun Sun, Jian Zhang, Wei Chen, Jianping Zhang, Zhiguo Zhou, Shi-Ping Yang, Yingjian Zhang, Hong Yang, Ming-Wei Wang
PEGylated ultra-small nanographene oxide (usNGO-PEG) has exhibited great potential in nanotheranostics due to its newly-discovered physicochemical properties derived from the rich functional groups and  bonds. Herein, we developed a general, simple and kit-like preparation approach for 99mTcI- and Gd-anchored NGO-PEG using a chelator-free strategy. In this strategy, [99mTcI(CO)3(OH2)3]+ (abbreviated to 99mTcI) and GdCl3 were mixed with usNGO-PEG to yield 99mTc- and Gd-usNGO-PEG via the synergistic coordination of N and O atoms from NGO and PEG with 99mTcI and Gd3+ without additional exogenous chelators...
November 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Cheng Jin, Ting Fu, Ruowen Wang, Hui Liu, Jianmei Zou, Zilong Zhao, Mao Ye, Xiaobing Zhang, Weihong Tan
Molecular beacons (MBs) are simple, but practical, fluorescent nanoprobes widely used to detect small molecules, nucleic acids and proteins. However, some challenges still remain when MBs are employed in complex biological environments, such as instability and non-target interference. To meet such challenges, we have designed and synthesized fluorinated molecular beacons (FMBs) as functional DNA nanomolecules for cellular imaging, in which the stem sequence is simply composed of artificial nucleotides with 3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)benzene (F) as the surrogate base of natural A, T, C and G bases...
October 1, 2017: Chemical Science
Rong Sheng Li, Peng Fei Gao, Hong Zhi Zhang, Lin Ling Zheng, Chun Mei Li, Jian Wang, Yuan Fang Li, Feng Liu, Na Li, Cheng Zhi Huang
The Golgi apparatus is an essential subcellular organelle. Targeting and monitoring the Golgi change at the single-cell level over a long time scale are critical but are challenges that have not yet been tackled. Inspired by the precise Golgi positioning ability of galactosyltransferase and protein kinase D, due to their cysteine residues, we developed a method for long-term Golgi imaging. Fluorescent molecules, carbon quantum dots (CQDs) and silica nanoparticles could target the Golgi when they are modified with l-cysteine...
October 1, 2017: Chemical Science
Suchetan Pal, Stefan Harmsen, Anton Oseledchyk, Hsiao-Ting Hsu, Moritz F Kircher
Recently, surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) nanoprobes (NPs) have shown promise in the field of cancer imaging due to their unparalleled signal specificity and high sensitivity. Here we report the development of a DNA aptamer targeted SERS NP. Recently, aptamers are being investigated as a viable alternative to more traditional antibody targeting due to their low immunogenicity and low cost of production. We developed a strategy to functionalize SERS NPs with DNA aptamers, which target Mucin1 (MUC1) in human breast cancer (BC)...
August 25, 2017: Advanced Functional Materials
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