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Cuiling Zhang, Caiping Ding, Guohua Zhou, Qin Xue, Yuezhong Xian
DNA functionalized quantum dots (QDs) are promising nanoprobes for the fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET)-based biosensing. Herein, cadmium-free DNA functionalized Mn-doped ZnS (DNA-ZnS:Mn(2+)) QDs were successfully synthesized by one-step route. As-synthesized QDs show excellent photo-stability with the help of PAA and DNA. Then, we constructed a novel FRET model based on the QDs and WS2 nanosheets as the energy donor-acceptor pairs, which was successfully applied for the protein detection through the terminal protection of small molecule-linked DNA assay...
March 8, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
Xiuli Fu, Lingxin Chen, Jaebum Choo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Aaron H Colby, Samantha Berry, Ann M Moran, Kristine Amber Pasion, Rong Liu, Yolonda L Colson, Nelson Ruiz-Opazo, Mark W Grinstaff, Victoria L M Herrera
A current challenge in the treatment of peritoneal carcinomatosis is the inability to detect, visualize, and resect small or microscopic tumors of pancreatic, ovarian or mesothelial origin. In these diseases, the completeness of primary tumor resection is directly correlated with patient survival, and, hence, identifying small sub-mm tumors (i.e., disseminated disease) is critical. Thus, new imaging techniques and probes are needed to improve cytoreductive surgery and patient outcomes. Highly-fluorescent rhodamine-labeled expansile nanoparticles (HFR-eNPs) are described for use as a visual aid during cytoreductive surgery of pancreatic carcinomatosis...
January 18, 2017: ACS Nano
Kuncheng Yang, Shanshan Wang, Yingyi Wang, Hong Miao, Xiaoming Yang
Herein, carbon dots (CD@Papain) from papain have been originally synthesized in aqueous solution along with a quantum yield of 6.2%, and showed cyan fluorescence at 435nm. Meanwhile, papain-templated Au nanoclusters (AuNCs@Papain) were prepared with the same precursor. On the basis of the two types of nanomaterials, CD@Papain and AuNCs@Papain have been designed to assemble as one nanosensor (termed as CD-AuNCs@Papain) through a typical cross-linking reaction. Significantly, it not only emitted the dual-emission fluorescent signals with the same excitation, but also can assay multiple targets through exhibiting cyan, yellow, and red emission respectively...
January 7, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Xing Zhou, Xiangjun Zhang, Songling Han, Yin Dou, Mengyu Liu, Lin Zhang, Jia Wei Guo, Qing Shi, Genghao Gong, Ruibing Wang, Jiang Hu, Xiaohui Li, Jianxiang Zhang
Targeting of nanoparticles to distant diseased sites after oral delivery remains highly challenging, due to the existence of many biological barriers in the gastrointestinal tract. Here we report targeted oral delivery of diverse nanoparticles in multiple disease models, via a 'Trojan horse' strategy based on a bioinspired yeast capsule (YC). Diverse charged nanoprobes including quantum dots (QDs), iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs), and assembled organic fluorescent nanoparticles can be effectively loaded into YC through electrostatic force-driven spontaneous deposition, resulting in different diagnostic YC assemblies...
January 11, 2017: Nano Letters
Yuqing Zhang, Yuanyuan Qiu, Li Lin, Hongchen Gu, Zeyu Xiao, Jian Ye
Surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) tags can be utilized as optical labeling nanoprobes similar to fluorescent dyes and quantum dots for bioimaging with additional advantages of the fingerprint vibrational signal as a unique optical code and the ultra-narrow linewidth for multiplexing. However, the development of SERS imaging technique is much less well-established compared to fluorescence imaging mainly due to the speed limitation. An effective strategy to improve the SERS imaging speed and simultaneously maintain the photostability of SERS tags has been never reported to the best of our knowledge...
January 11, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Damayanti Bagchi, Tuhin Kumar Maji, Samim Sardar, Peter Lemmens, Chinmoy Bhattacharya, Debjani Karmakar, Samir Kumar Pal
The immense pharmacological relevance of the herbal medicine curcumin including anti-cancer and anti-Alzheimer effects, suggests it to be a superior alternative to synthesised drugs. The diverse functionalities with minimal side effects intensify the use of curcumin not only as a dietary supplement but also as a therapeutic agent. Besides all this effectiveness, some recent literature reported the presence of deleterious heavy metal contaminants from various sources in curcumin leading to potential health hazards...
January 18, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Brad A Kairdolf, Ximei Qian, Shuming Nie
Bioconjugated nanoparticles are of considerable current interest because materials on the nanometer scale have unique optical, electronic, and magnetic properties with broad applications in biosensing, molecular imaging, and medical diagnostics. In particular, recent advances have led to the development of nanomaterials for a variety of applications, including iron oxide nanocrystals for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), fluorescent quantum dots (QDs) for multiplexed molecular diagnosis and in vivo imaging, and gold nanoparticles for surface-enhanced Raman scattering...
December 19, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Yuan-Cheng Zhu, Fei Xu, Nan Zhang, Wei-Wei Zhao, Jing-Juan Xu, Hong-Yuan Chen
This work reports the use of compositionally heterogeneous asymmetric Ag@Au core-satellite nanoassembly functionalized with DNA sequence as unique signaling nanoprobes for the realization of new energy-transfer-based photoelectrochemical (PEC) immunoassay of prostate- specific antigen (PSA). Specifically, the Ag@Au asymmetric core-satellite nanoassemblies (Ag@Au ACS) were fabricated on a two-dimensional glass substrate by a modified controlled assembly technique, and then functionalized with DNA sequences containing PSA aptamers as signaling nanoprobes...
December 20, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Jintong Liu, Lei Zhang, Jianping Lei, Hong Shen, Huangxian Ju
Integration of a photodynamic therapy platform with a drug-delivery system in a porous structure is an urgent challenge for enhanced anticancer therapy. Here, an amino-functionalized metal-organic framework (MOF), which is useful as efficient delivery vehicle for drugs and provides the -NH2 group for postsynthetic modification, is chosen and well-designed for cell imaging and chemo-photodynamic therapy. The multifunctional MOF nanoprobe was first assembled with camptothecine drug via noncovalent encapsulation and then bound with folic acid as the targeted element and chlorine e6 (Ce6)-labeled CaB substrate peptide as the recognition moiety and signal switch...
January 12, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Jun Liu, Long Huang, Xiumei Tian, Xiaoming Chen, Yuanzhi Shao, Fukang Xie, Dihu Chen, Li Li
The development of upconversion nanoparticles (UCNs) for theranostics application is a new strategy toward the accurate diagnosis and efficient treatment of cancer. Here, magnetic and fluorescent lanthanide-doped gadolinium oxide (Gd2O3) UCNs with bright upconversion luminescence (UCL) and high longitudinal relaxivity (r1) are used for simultaneous magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)/UCL dual-modal imaging and photodynamic therapy (PDT). In vitro and in vivo MRI studies show that these products can serve as good MRI contrast agents...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Bin Zhou, Youyi Qiu, Qingqing Wen, Mingyao Zhu, Peihui Yang
A mutiplex cytosensor based on a dual electrochemiluminescence (ECL) signal system was fabricated for in situ and simultaneous detection of the expression levels of multiple cell-surface receptors, mannose and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), using luminol-capped gold nanoparticles (Au@luminol) and CdS quantum dots (CdS QDs) as potential-resolved ECL nanoprobes. Two spatially resolved areas on indium tin oxide (ITO) electrodes were modified with polyaniline (PANI) by electropolymerization, on which gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were attached to strengthen conductivity and stability of the sensing interface...
January 11, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Mohammad Keshtkar, Daryoush Shahbazi-Gahrouei, Seyyed Mehdi Khoshfetrat, Masoud A Mehrgardi, Mahmoud Aghaei
Early detection of breast cancer is the most effective way to improve the survival rate in women. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) offers high spatial resolution and good anatomic details, and its lower sensitivity can be improved by using targeted molecular imaging. In this study, AS1411 aptamer was conjugated to Fe3O4@Au nanoparticles for specific targeting of mouse mammary carcinoma (4T1) cells that overexpress nucleolin. In vitro cytotoxicity of aptamer-conjugated nanoparticles was assessed on 4T1 and HFFF-PI6 (control) cells...
October 2016: Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors
Tinghui Li, Harry C Dorn
The carbonaceous nanomaterials known as metallofullerenes have attracted considerable attention due to their attractive properties. The robust nature of the "Trojan Horse" fullerene cage provides an important structural component, which isolates the metal cluster from the bioenvironment. The large carbon surface area is ideally suited for multiple exo-functionalization approaches to modify the hydrophobic cage for a more hydrophilic bioenvironment. Additionally, peptides and other agents are readily covalently attached to this nanoprobe for targeting applications...
December 27, 2016: Small
Deepak K Jha, Koushik Saikia, Srijita Chakrabarti, Kakoli Bhattacharya, Komanduri S Varadarajan, Anant B Patel, Danswrang Goyary, P Chattopadhyay, P Deb
One-pot synthesis methods for development of hydrophilic imaging nanoprobes have advantages over multi-pot methods due to their simple procedures, less probability for degradation of efficiency, superior control over growth and morphology, cost effectiveness, improved scope for scale-up synthesis etc. Here, we present a novel one-pot facile synthesis of hydrophilic colloidal bimodal nanoprobe (FePt-CdS) prepared through a seed-mediated nucleation and growth technique. In this facile synthesis of complex nanostructure, glutathione (GSH) was used as the capping agent to render biocompatibility and dispersibility...
March 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Qing Wan, Meiying Liu, Liucheng Mao, Ruming Jiang, Dazhuang Xu, Hongye Huang, Yanfeng Dai, Fengjie Deng, Xiaoyong Zhang, Yen Wei
Self-assembly of amphiphilic luminescent copolymers is a general route to fabricate fluorescent polymeric microparticles (FPMs). In this work, the FPMs with aggregation-induced emission (AIE) feature were fabricated via the combination of the chain transfer free radical polymerization and "one-pot" multicomponent reaction, which conjugated the aldehyde-containing AIE active dye AIE (CHO-An-CHO) and amino-terminated hydrophilic polymer (ATPPEGMA) using mercaptoacetic acid (MTA) as the "lock" molecule. The structure, chemical compositions, optical properties as well as biological properties of the PPEGMA-An-PPEGMA FPMs were characterized and investigated by means of a series of techniques and experiments in detail...
March 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Xiaoke Yang, Xiaoming Zhou, Minjun Zhu, Da Xing
Pathogens pose a significant threat to public health worldwide. Despite many technological advances in the rapid diagnosis of pathogens, sensitive pathogen detection remains challenging because target pathogenic bacteria usually exist in complex samples at very low concentrations. Here, the construction of multivalent brush-like magnetic nanoprobes and their application for the efficient enriching of pathogens are demonstrated. Brush-like magnetic nanoprobes were constructed by modification with poly-L-lysine (PLL) onto amino-modified magnetic beads, followed by coupling of PEG (amine-PEG5000-COOH) to the amine sites of PLL...
November 17, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Peter J Sadler, Carlos Sanchez-Cano, Isolda Romero-Canelon, Yang Yang, Ian Hands-Portman, Sylvain Bohic, Peter Cloetens
A variety of transition metal complexes exhibit anticancer activity, but their target sites in cells need to be identified and mechanisms of action elucidated. Here we show that the sub-cellular distribution of [(ŋ6-p-cym)Os(Azpy-NMe2)I]+ (p-cym = p-cymene, Azpy-NMe2 = 2-(p-((dimethylamino]phenylazo)pyridine)) [1], a promising drug candidate, can be mapped in human ovarian cancer cells at pharmacological concentrations using a synchrotron X-ray fluorescence nanoprobe (SXRFN). SXRFN data for Os, Zn, Ca, and P, TEM and ICP analysis of mitochondrial fractions suggest localization of Os in mitochondria and not in the nucleus, accompanied by mobilization of Ca from the endoplasmic reticulum, a signaling event for cell death...
December 24, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Yan Lyu, Xu Zhen, Yansong Miao, Kanyi Pu
Protein sulfenic acids play a key role in oxidative signal transduction of many biological and pathological processes; however, current chemical tools rely on visible fluorescence signals, limiting their utility to in vitro assays. We herein report reaction-based semiconducting polymer nanoprobes (rSPNs) with near-infrared absorption for in vivo photoacoustic (PA) imaging of protein sulfenic acids. rSPNs comprise an optically active semiconducting polymer as the core shielded with inert silica and poly(ethylene glycol) corona...
December 23, 2016: ACS Nano
Mark J Hagmann, Dmitry A Yarotski, Marwan S Mousa
Quasi-periodic excitation of the tunneling junction in a scanning tunneling microscope, by a mode-locked ultrafast laser, superimposes a regular sequence of 15 fs pulses on the DC tunneling current. In the frequency domain, this is a frequency comb with harmonics at integer multiples of the laser pulse repetition frequency. With a gold sample the 200th harmonic at 14.85 GHz has a signal-to-noise ratio of 25 dB, and the power at each harmonic varies inversely with the square of the frequency. Now we report the first measurements with a semiconductor where the laser photon energy must be less than the bandgap energy of the semiconductor; the microwave frequency comb must be measured within 200 μm of the tunneling junction; and the microwave power is 25 dB below that with a metal sample and falls off more rapidly at the higher harmonics...
December 20, 2016: Microscopy and Microanalysis
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