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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809934/long-term-exposure-to-air-pollution-and-the-incidence-of-parkinson-s-disease-a-nested-case-control-study
#1
Chiu-Ying Chen, Hui-Jung Hung, Kuang-Hsi Chang, Chung Y Hsu, Chih-Hsin Muo, Chon-Haw Tsai, Trong-Neng Wu
BACKGROUND: Previous studies revealed that chronic exposure to air pollution can significantly increase the risk of the development of Parkinson's disease (PD), but this relationship is inconclusive as large-scale prospective studies are limited and the results are inconsistent. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to ascertain the adverse health effects of air pollution exposure in a nationwide population using a longitudinal approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a nested case-control study using the National Health Insurance Research Dataset (NHIRD), which consisted of 1,000,000 beneficiaries in the National Health Insurance Program (NHI) in the year 2000 and their medical records from 1995 to 2013 and using public data on air pollution concentrations from monitoring stations across Taiwan released from the Environmental Protection Administration to identify people with ages ≥ 40 years living in areas with monitoring stations during 1995-1999 as study subjects...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807849/danshen-improves-survival-of-patients-with-colon-cancer-and-dihydroisotanshinone-i-inhibit-the-proliferation-of-colon-cancer-cells-via-apoptosis-and-skp2-signaling-pathway
#2
Yin-Yin Lin, I-Yun Lee, Wen-Shih Huang, Yu-Shin Lin, Feng-Che Kuan, Li-Hsin Shu, Yu-Ching Cheng, Yao-Hsu Yang, Ching-Yuan Wu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Danshen (Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge) is widely used in traditional Chinese medicine. However, it's definite clinical effect and mechanism on colon carcinoma is unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: To test the hypothesis that the protective effect of danshen on colon cancer and discover the bioactive compounds through in vitro study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a nationwide cohort study by using population-based data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD)...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793879/septic-arthritis-significantly-increased-the-long-term-mortality-in-geriatric-patients
#3
Chia-Jung Wu, Chien-Cheng Huang, Shih-Feng Weng, Ping-Jen Chen, Chien-Chin Hsu, Jhi-Joung Wang, How-Ran Guo, Hung-Jung Lin
BACKGROUND: The elderly are predisposed to septic arthritis (SA) because of the aging nature and increasing comorbidities. SA may in turn increase the long-term mortality in the geriatric patients; however, it remains unclear. We conducted this prospective nationwide population-based cohort study to clarify this issue. METHODS: Using Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD), we identified 1667 geriatric participants (≥ 65 years) with SA and 16,670 geriatric participants without SA matched at a ratio of 1:10 by age, sex, and index date between 1999 and 2010...
August 9, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781299/an-analysis-of-emergency-department-visits-and-the-survival-rate-for-colorectal-cancer-patients-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#4
Pei-Ling Tang, Hong-Tai Chang, Chin-Chang Cheng, Hung-Chih Chen, Shyh-Ming Kuo, Kuan-Yin Hsiao, Kuo-Chen Chang
Objective We examined the general characteristics, survival rate, and most common reasons for visiting the emergency department (ED) among colorectal cancer patients in Taiwan. We performed a population-based retrospective study and used data sourced from the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD). Methods The colorectal cancer patient population, their diagnosis, and their medical management at the ED were identified using the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2000 (HV) codes and International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification system...
August 1, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759654/surgical-resection-of-metachronous-hepatic-metastases-from-gastric-cancer-improves-long-term-survival-a-population-based-study
#5
Szu-Chin Li, Cheng-Hung Lee, Chung-Lin Hung, Jin-Chia Wu, Jian-Han Chen
INTRODUCTION: Hepatic metastases are diagnosed synchronously in 3-14% of patients with gastric cancer, and metachronously in up to 37% of patients following ''curative" gastrectomy. Most patients who have gastric cancer and hepatic metastasis are traditionally treated with palliative chemotherapy. The impact of liver resection is still controversial. We attempted to assess whether liver resection can improve survival in cases of metachronous hepatic metastases from gastric cancer through a nationwide database...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759627/increased-risk-of-dental-trauma-in-patients-with-allergic-rhinitis-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#6
Ming-Jhih Siao, Gunng-Shinng Chen, Wei-Cheng Lee, Jorng-Tzong Horng, Cheng-Wei Chang, Chung-Hsing Li
Allergic rhinitis (AR) is associated with various developmental issues that affecting dentition. We aimed to determine whether AR is associated with an increased risk of traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) in Taiwanese individuals. We used the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) to conduct a nested case-control study. We compared an AR cohort with a matched cohort of patients without AR. New TDI cases were determined during our study period. To compare TDI risk between our study cohorts, we used Cox proportional regression analysis, and hazard ratios (HR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated to quantify the association between AR exposure and TDI risk...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743610/epidemiology-and-comorbidities-of-patients-with-chronic-urticaria-in-taiwan%C3%A2-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#7
Chia-Yu Chu, Yung-Tsu Cho, Jhih-Hua Jiang, Eve I-Chun Lin, Chao-Hsiun Tang
BACKGROUND: Comprehensive data regarding the epidemiology of chronic urticaria (CU) in general populations are scant. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence, incidence, and comorbidities of CU in general population. METHODS: The data were sourced from the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) for 2009-2012. Patients who had a primary/secondary ICD-9-CM diagnosis code of 708.1, 708.8, or 708.9 during the year with at least two outpatient visits and an antihistamine prescription, were identified as the cases of CU for each year...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735919/sleep-disturbances-at-the-time-of-a-new-diagnosis-a-comparative-study-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-patients-cancer-patients-and-general-population-controls
#8
Yen-Chin Chen, Cheng-Yu Lin, Carol Strong, Chung-Yi Li, Jeen-Shing Wang, Wen-Chien Ko, Nai-Ying Ko
OBJECTIVES: Sleep disturbances are a prevalent and troubling symptom of patients with highly stressful illnesses, such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and cancer. The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence and incidence of sleep disturbances among persons with HIV, those with cancer, and the general population of Taiwan. METHODS: A matched cohort study design was used to compare the risk of sleep disturbances among three groups using reimbursement claims recorded in Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD)...
August 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711910/combined-renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system-blockade-and-statin-therapy-effectively-reduces-the-risk-of-cerebrovascular-accident-in-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#9
Pei-Hsun Sung, Hsin-Ju Chiang, Mel S Lee, John Y Chiang, Hon-Kan Yip, Yao-Hsu Yang
Fairly limited data reported the incidence and risk of cerebrovascular accident (CVA) in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). Additionally, little is known regarding the therapeutic impact of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) blockade and statin on reducing the occurrence of CVA in ADPKD. We utilized the data from Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) to perform a population-based cohort study (1997-2013). A total of 2,647 patients with ADPKD were selected from 1,000,000 general population after excluding patients with age<18, renal replacement therapy and concomitant diagnosis of CVA...
June 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709117/increased-risk-of-bipolar-disorder-in-patients-with-scabies-a-nationwide-population-based-matched-cohort-study
#10
Chien-Yu Lin, Fung-Wei Chang, Jing-Jung Yang, Chun-Hung Chang, Chia-Lun Yeh, Wei-Te Lei, Chun-Fa Huang, Jui-Ming Liu, Ren-Jun Hsu
Both scabies and bipolar disorder (BD) are common and troublesome disorders. There are several similarities in both diseases: pruritus, a higher prevalence in crowded environments, and cytokine-mediated inflammatory processes in the pathophysiology. We conducted this nationwide population-based study to investigate the possible relationship between scabies and BD. Based on the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) of Taiwan, a total of 7096 patients with scabies were identified as a study group and 28,375 matched patients as a control...
July 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694040/the-effect-of-anxiety-and-depression-on-the-risk-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-in-migraine-patients
#11
Mei-Fong Wu, Yu-Wen Yang, Yen-Yu Chen
Bidirectional co-morbidity between migraine and depression has been observed. Mood disorders are associated with an increased risk of both migraine and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk of developing IBS in patients with migraine and to compare the risks between those with and without anxiety or depression. This research used the data contained in the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD). A total of 2859 subjects with migraine and 5718 age-, sex-, hypertension-, diabetes-, mood disorder-matched controls were identified...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688267/factors-affecting-lumbar-surgery-outcome-a-nation-wide-population-based-retrospective-study
#12
Vincent Chin-Hung Chen, Yao-Hsu Yang, Pin-Yuan Chen, Jen-Tsung Yang, Carl P C Chen, Chi-Jen Chen, Mong Liang Lu, Yena Lee, Roger S McIntyre, Yin-Cheng Huang
BACKGROUND: Lower back pain is a very common symptom and treatment strategies vary according the severity and duration of illness. Surgical approaches are becoming increasingly popular with the advent of new and less invasive technologies; however, treatment outcomes are not yet well established on a population-based level. Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) is longitudinal and includes 98% of the population since its inception in 1995. The database includes the ICD 9...
November 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682885/incidence-of-trigger-digits-following-carpal-tunnel-release-a-nationwide-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study
#13
Fu-Yu Lin, Oscar J Manrique, Cheng-Li Lin, Hsu-Tang Cheng
The onset of trigger digits after carpal tunnel release (CTR) have been reported inconsistently across different studies. The aim of this study is to assess the incidence of trigger digits after CTR using nationwide population cohort data.We conducted a retrospective cohort study using the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2000 (LHID2000) from the National Health Insurance Database (NHIRD) in Taiwan. The LHID2000 contained 1 million beneficiaries randomly selected from the year 2000 Registry for Beneficiaries in NHIRD...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628626/is-normal-tension-glaucoma-a-risk-factor-for-stroke-a-10-year-follow-up-study
#14
Meng-Sheng Lee, Li-Lin Kuo, Elise Chia-Hui Tan, Oscar K Lee
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether patients with normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) have a higher incidence of stroke. DESIGN: A population-based retrospective cohort study based on data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) from January 1, 2001, to December 31, 2010. METHODS: Data were retrospectively collected from the NHIRD. A total of 245 (20.1%) patients with a history of stroke at the time of glaucoma diagnosis were excluded, and 1,218 patients with NTG who were 20 years of age and older were identified...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610562/end-stage-renal-disease-a-risk-factor-of-deep-neck-infection-a-nationwide-follow-up-study-in-taiwan
#15
Geng-He Chang, Ming-Shao Tsai, Chia-Yen Liu, Meng-Hung Lin, Yao-Te Tsai, Cheng-Ming Hsu, Yao-Hsu Yang
BACKGROUND: Uremia is likely a risk factor for deep neck infection (DNI). However, only a few relevant cases have been reported, and evidence sufficient to support this hypothesis is lacking. The aim of the study is to investigate the effects of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on DNI. METHODS: We used the database of the Registry for Catastrophic Illness Patients (RFCIP), a subset of the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) in Taiwan, to conduct a retrospective follow-up study...
June 13, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594848/examining-the-correlation-between-diabetes-and-odontogenic-infection-a-nationwide-retrospective-matched-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#16
Hui-Hsin Ko, Wu-Chien Chien, Yen-Hung Lin, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Shih-Jung Cheng
More than 90% of head and neck infections are caused by pathological changes originating in the teeth. When odontogenic infections are not properly treated, infections may spread to distant spaces and cause more serious infections in fascial spaces, ultimately leading to deep neck infections. Clinical experience has indicated that patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) may be more susceptible to facial cellulitis and deep neck infections caused by odontogenic infections. This study used the Taiwan National Health Insurance Database (NHIRD) to analyze and examine the correlation between DM and odontogenic infections in patients...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578978/modality-of-treatment-and-potential-outcome-of-wilson-disease-in-taiwan-a-population-based-longitudinal-study
#17
Chi-San Tai, Jia-Feng Wu, Huey-Ling Chen, Hong-Yuan Hsu, Mei-Hwei Chang, Yen-Hsuan Ni
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the epidemiology, the preference of medication, and the potential outcome of Wilson disease in Taiwan. We aimed to provide better therapeutic options for patients with Wilson disease based on the data generated from this study. METHODS: We utilized the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD), which stores clinical records of nearly 99% of Taiwan's residents. The database used is a random sample of two-million out of 23-million beneficiaries in Taiwan's NHIRD in 2005...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558029/association-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-with-knee-osteoarthritis-and-total-knee-replacement-a-retrospective-cohort-study-from-the-taiwan-national-health-insurance-database
#18
Sheng-Hsiung Lin, Ting-Chuan Wang, Chun-Fu Lai, Ru-Yin Tsai, Chih-Ping Yang, Chih-Shung Wong
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to support the potential protective role of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction against the development of osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, the long-term results of ACL reconstruction in Taiwan were evaluated based on data from the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD). In total, 8,769 eligible cases were included from 11,921 ACL-injured patients. The cumulative incidence rates of OA and total knee replacement (TKR) were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier estimator...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549071/the-association-between-cholecystectomy-and-colorectal-neoplasm-in-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-a-population-based-cohort-study
#19
Yen-Chun Peng, Cheng-Li Lin, Fung-Chang Sung
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) and cholecystectomy are associated with the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). Our aim was to determine the association between cholecystectomy and the CRC risk in IBD. METHODS: We first obtained the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHRID), which contains information on approximately 24.7 million insured individuals. A cohort study was conducted using the data from the NHIRD, and included cohort patients with IBD who had experienced a cholecystectomy between the years 1998 and 2010...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503146/statin-therapy-is-associated-with-reduced-risk-of-peptic-ulcer-disease-in-the-taiwanese-population
#20
Chun-Jung Lin, Wei-Chih Liao, Yu-An Chen, Hwai-Jeng Lin, Chun-Lung Feng, Cheng-Li Lin, Ying-Ju Lin, Min-Chuan Kao, Mei-Zi Huang, Chih-Ho Lai, Chia-Hung Kao
Although statin use may affect the severity of chronic gastritis and gastric cancer, no data exists about the relationship between statin therapy and risk of peptic ulcer disease (PUD) in patients. We investigated the effect of statin use and the incidence of PUD from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD). A total of 35,194 patients records for medical claims were enrolled. We performed a population-based case-control analysis to compare the incidence of PUD in patients who were prescribed statins and that in patients who were not...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
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