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Gastric Adenocarcinoma, gastroduodenal reflux

Marcin Migaczewski, Michał Pędziwiatr, Maciej Matłok, Andrzej Budzyński
INTRODUCTION: Barrett's esophagus (BE) is a state in which the distal portion of esophageal mucosa becomes lined with cylindrical epithelium as a result of adaptive remodeling. It is widely accepted that the metaplastic lesions result from chronic irritation with gastric and/or duodenal contents in the course of reflux disease. For many years, research centered on the risk factors of BE and resulting adenocarcinoma. Anti-reflux operations are the only procedures which offer the possibility of treating the cause by restoring the anatomic barrier responsible for guarding against irritating effects of gastroduodenal content on the distal esophagus...
June 2013: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
E Piazuelo, S Santander, C Cebrián, P Jiménez, C Pastor, M A García-González, F Esteva, P Esquivias, J Ortego, A Lanas
UNLABELLED: Accumulating evidence indicates that the cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2)/prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) pathway plays a key role in esophageal carcinogenesis. A better understanding of the pathway downstream of COX-2 may reveal novel targets for the prevention of esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC). The objective of this study was to characterize the profile of genes involved in PGE2 metabolism and signaling in an experimental model of EAC. Esophagojejunostomy with gastric preservation was performed in wistar rats to induce gastroduodenal reflux...
February 2012: Current Cancer Drug Targets
Jing Hao, Ba Liu, Chung S Yang, Xiaoxin Chen
BACKGROUND: Esophago-gastroduodenal anastomosis with rats mimics the development of human Barrett's esophagus and esophageal adenocarcinoma by introducing mixed reflux of gastric and duodenal contents into the esophagus. However, use of this rat model for mechanistic and chemopreventive studies is limited due to lack of genetically modified rat strains. Therefore, a mouse model of esophageal adenocarcinoma is needed. METHODS: We performed reflux surgery on wild-type, p53A135V transgenic, and INK4a/Arf+/- mice of A/J strain...
July 23, 2009: BMC Gastroenterology
A Kandulski, M Selgrad, P Malfertheiner
BACKGROUND: Helicobcater pylori colonizes the stomach of more than half of the world's population, and the infection continues to play a key role in the pathogenesis of a number of gastroduodenal diseases. Colonization of the gastric mucosa with Helicobcater pylori results in the development of chronic gastritis in all infected individuals and in a subset of patients chronic gastritis progresses to complications (i.e. ulcer disease, gastric neoplasias, some distinct extragastric disorders)...
August 2008: Digestive and Liver Disease
Scott G Houghton, Yvonne Romero, Michael G Sarr
BACKGROUND: To assess the effect of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) at a tertiary referral Center of Excellence for bariatric surgery on the length and presence of dysplasia in morbidly obese patients with Barrett's esophagus (BE). Esophageal reflux of gastroduodenal contents (acid, bile) contributes to the development of BE and progression in the dysplasia-carcinoma sequence. Obese patients have a high prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux and might be at an increased risk of developing BE and esophageal adenocarcinoma...
January 2008: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Pramod Bonde, Daqing Gao, Lei Chen, Tomoharu Miyashita, Elizabeth Montgomery, John W Harmon, Chiming Wei
BACKGROUND: Gastroduodenal reflux is implicated in esophageal carcinogenesis. This effect is mediated by reactive oxygen species. We hypothesized that this is mediated by DNA mismatch lesion 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxoG), which is repaired by the Mut Y homologue (MYH). We tested the effect of reflux, either alone or in combination with the human dietary mutagen methyl-n-amyl nitrosamine (MNAN), on DNA damage in adenocarcinoma and squamous cell cancer of the esophagus in a rat model...
February 2007: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
L A García Rodríguez, J Lagergren, M Lindblad
BACKGROUND: Gastric acid suppressing drugs (that is, histamine(2) receptor antagonists and proton pump inhibitors) could affect the risk of oesophageal or gastric adenocarcinoma but few studies are available. AIMS: To study the association between long term treatment with acid suppressing drugs and the risk of oesophageal or gastric adenocarcinoma. PATIENTS: Persons registered in the general practitioners research database in the UK and aged 40-84 years during the period 1994-2001...
November 2006: Gut
Josette Raymond, Nicolas Kalach
Helicobacter pylori infection is basically acquired during infancy. H. pylori is associated with a great number of pathologies including gastritis, gastroduodenal peptic ulcer, gastric adenocarcinoma and MALT lymphoma. Its association with abdominal pain in children remains controversial. An association with iron deficiency anemia was recently described. The reference method for diagnosis still remains culture and histology of gastric biopsies realized during endoscopy. A few years ago, a lot of studies have shown the reliability of non-invasive tests (urea breath test 13C and the H...
January 15, 2006: La Revue du Praticien
Niyaz Ahmed, Leonardo A Sechi
The human gastric pathogen Helicobacter pylori causes chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, gastric carcinoma, and mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma. It infects over 50% of the worlds' population, however, only a small subset of infected people experience H. pylori-associated illnesses. Associations with disease-specific factors remain enigmatic years after the genome sequences were deciphered. Infection with strains of Helicobacter pylori that carry the cytotoxin-associated antigen A (cagA) gene is associated with gastric carcinoma...
2005: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
Koichi Miwa, Tomoharu Miyashita, Takanori Hattori
We observed the sequential development of columnar lined epithelium associated with adenocarcinoma, squamous dysplasia related with squamous cell carcinoma and adenosquamous carcinoma which were induced by duodeno-esophageal or gastro-duodeno-esophageal reflux in rats. Wistar male rats, weighing approximately 250 g were employed. Animals received total gastrectomy and were reconstructed with esophago-jejunostomy, which causes unavoidable duodeno-esophageal reflux. The animals were sacrificed every 10 weeks after surgery until 50 weeks...
August 2004: Nihon Rinsho. Japanese Journal of Clinical Medicine
Ian M Carroll, Aleem A Khan, Niyaz Ahmed
Helicobacter pylori causes chronic gastritis and plays important roles in peptic ulcer disease, gastric carcinoma, and mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma. It is believed that H. pylori infects over 50% of the worlds' population. However, only a small subset of infected people experience H. pylori-associated illnesses. Associations with disease-specific factors remain enigmatic. The contribution of comparative genomics to our understanding of the genome organisation and diversity of H. pylori is exemplified herein...
June 2004: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
Asgaut Viste, Kjell Øvrebø, Helga Maartmann-Moe, Helge Waldum
BACKGROUND: Duodenogastric reflux is known to cause an increased frequency of cancer in the glandular portion of the stomach in rats. Furthermore, it is debated whether inhibition of gastric acid secretion may promote gastric carcinogenesis. In the present study we examined the combined effect of gastroduodenal reflux and acid inhibition with respect to the development of gastric carcinoma in the rat. METHODS: Following the construction of a gastrojejunostomy in male Wistar rats, half of them were given the proton pump inhibitor lanzoprazole for 1 year...
2004: Gastric Cancer
Masaaki Kodama, Noriko Nomura, Jiro Kagawa, Toshio Fujioka, Kazunari Murakami, Ryugo Sato
Helicobacter pylori infection is recognized to be a pathogen of various gastroduodenal disease. Eradication therapy of H. pylori reduces the recurrence of gastro-duodenal ulcer, improves histological gastritis, and is suggested to act a certain role in protection against gastric carcinogenesis. Although, several studies show uncomfortable results arise after H. pylori infection was cured. These studies suggest that gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) and gastro-duodenal erosion may increase after successful eradication of H...
August 2002: Nihon Rinsho. Japanese Journal of Clinical Medicine
D J Kearney, F Mégraud
A panel of international gastroenterologists and other specialists convened at a Takeda-sponsored symposium held during the XIIIth International Workshop on Gastroduodenal Pathology and Helicobacter pylori (October 2000, Rome) to discuss clinical management of H. pylori. Topics such as management strategies as alternatives to eradication, long-term outcomes, and the impact of antibiotic resistance to H. pylori were discussed in an interactive session. The panel concluded that 1) patients with ulcer-like or reflux-like dyspepsia do appear to benefit from proton pump inhibitor therapy, 2) eradication of H...
August 2001: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
V J Warburton-Timms, A Charlett, R M Valori, J S Uff, N A Shepherd, H Barr, C A McNulty
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori is a gastroduodenal pathogen associated with ulceration, dyspepsia, and adenocarcinoma. Recent preliminary studies have suggested that H pylori may be protective for oesophageal adenocarcinoma. In addition, strains of H pylori identified by the presence of the cytotoxin associated gene A (cagA) are shown to have a significant inverse association with oesophageal adenocarcinoma. Given that cagA(+) H pylori may protect against oesophageal carcinoma, these strains may be protective for oesophagitis, a precursor of oesophageal carcinoma...
September 2001: Gut
B D Gold
Helicobacter pylori infection is usually acquired during childhood, and evidence-based guidelines regarding diagnosis and treatment of infected children have been recently published. Diseases associated with H. pylori infection are gastritis, duodenal ulcers, mucosal-associated lymphoid-type (MALT) lymphoma, and gastric adenocarcinoma. The association of specific symptoms with H. pylori infection in children and adults (ie, recurrent abdominal pain and nonulcer dyspepsia) remains controversial. Additionally, the role of H...
June 2001: Current Gastroenterology Reports
S Takeno, T Noguchi, T Sato, Y Uchida, S Yokoyama
We report a case of gastric carcinoma after gastrojejunostomy (GJ-stomy) without gastrectomy. Multiple gastric carcinomas were discovered 21 years after GJ-stomy without gastrectomy which had been performed for treatment of pyloric stenosis due to severe gastric ulcer. Multiple gastric carcinomas were found in the stomach, or the esophagocardiac junction, and in the corpus and anastomotic lesion of the GJ-stomy. Under the light microscope, intestinal metaplasia was detected in the antral mucosa and the area around the anastomosis...
2000: Digestive Surgery
L L Melo, C D Kruel, L M Kliemann, L T Cavazzola, R da L Boeno, P C Silber, R S Grossi
Studies in human beings and animals have shown that esophageal exposure to duodenal and gastric contents may be important for the development of Barrett's esophagus and its complications, including adenocarcinoma and epidermoid carcinoma. Diethylnitrosamine (DEN) is a carcinogen that stimulates the development of epidermoid carcinoma in the esophagus of mice. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of gastroduodenal and gastric content reflux on induction of esophageal carcinogenesis. Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and gastroduodenoesophageal reflux (GDER) were produced by cardioplasty and esophagoduodenostomy...
1999: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
H B el-Serag, A Sonnenberg
BACKGROUND: Gastritis associated hypochlorhydria may be protective against gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. It was hypothesised that the historic decline in Helicobacter pylori infection resulted in a decline in peptic ulcer and a concomitant risk in reflux disease. AIMS: To study the time trends of peptic ulcer and reflux disease. METHODS: Hospitalisation rates were analysed using the computerised database of the US Department of Veterans Affairs from 1970 until 1995...
September 1998: Gut
M Fein, J H Peters, P Chandrasoma, A P Ireland, S Oberg, M P Ritter, C G Bremner, J A Hagen, T R DeMeester
In the rat model, esophageal adenocarcinoma reproducibly develops following surgically induced duodenal reflux into the esophagus and administration of nitrosamine. In addition, decreasing gastric acid via partial or total gastrectomy increases the prevalence of adenocarcinoma in this model. We questioned whether carcinogen was necessary for cancer development in the gastrectomized model and whether esophageal acidification could reverse the effect of gastrectomy. Three groups of 26 rats each were randomized to a surgical procedure to produce one of the following reflux models: gastroduodenal reflux by esophagojejunostomy, duodenal reflux by total gastrectomy and esophagojejunostomy, or no reflux by Roux-en-Y reconstruction...
May 1998: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
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