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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220313/hiv-infected-young-men-demonstrate-appropriate-risk-perceptions-and-beliefs-about-safer-sexual-behaviors-after-human-papillomavirus-vaccination
#1
Jessica A Kahn, Jeannette Lee, Marvin Belzer, Joel M Palefsky
The aim of this study was to identify risk perceptions after human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination among HIV-infected young men who have sex with men. On average, participants appropriately perceived themselves to be at lower than neutral risk for HPV (mean subscale score 4.2/10), at higher than neutral risk for other sexually transmitted infections (7.0/10), and that safer sexual behaviors were still important (8.5/10). Higher perceived risk of HPV was associated with African-American race (p = .03); higher perceived risk of other sexually transmitted infections with White race (p = ...
February 20, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220022/using-metaphors-to-explain-molecular-testing-to-cancer-patients
#2
Ana P M Pinheiro, Rachel H Pocock, Margie D Dixon, Walid L Shaib, Suresh S Ramalingam, Rebecca D Pentz
BACKGROUND: Molecular testing to identify targetable molecular alterations is routine practice for several types of cancer. Explaining the underlying molecular concepts can be difficult, and metaphors historically have been used in medicine to provide a common language between physicians and patients. Although previous studies have highlighted the use and effectiveness of metaphors to help explain germline genetic concepts to the general public, this study is the first to describe the use of metaphors to explain molecular testing to cancer patients in the clinical setting...
February 20, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219942/a-higher-sport-related-reinjury-risk-does-not-mean-inadequate-rehabilitation-the-methodological-challenge-of-choosing-the-correct-comparison-group
#3
REVIEW
Ian Shrier, Meng Zhao, Alexandre Piché, Pavel Slavchev, Russell J Steele
Previous injury is a well-established predictor of subsequent injury in sports medicine. Some have interpreted this to mean that either our current methods of rehabilitation are inadequate or there is some permanent damage to the tissue and 100% rehabilitation is not possible. In 2011, we illustrated that these analyses and interpretations failed to account for the fact that some athletes are more prone to get injured, either physiologically, or because of their role/type of play. We suggested that the appropriate analysis would simply require using statistical methods that measured how each individual athlete's risk changed from preinjury to postinjury...
February 20, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219385/language-support-for-linguistic-minority-chronic-hepatitis-b-c-patients-an-exploratory-study-of-availability-and-clinicians-perceptions-of-language-barriers-in-six-european-countries
#4
Abby M Falla, Irene K Veldhuijzen, Amena A Ahmad, Miriam Levi, Jan Hendrik Richardus
BACKGROUND: Language support for linguistic minorities can improve patient safety, clinical outcomes and the quality of health care. Most chronic hepatitis B/C infections in Europe are detected among people born in endemic countries mostly in Africa, Asia and Central/Eastern Europe, groups that may experience language barriers when accessing health care services in their host countries. We investigated availability of interpreters and translated materials for linguistic minority hepatitis B/C patients...
February 20, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219295/no-blank-slates-pre-existing-schemas-about-pharmaceuticals-predict-memory-for-side-effects
#5
Monika K Heller, Sarah C E Chapman, Rob Horne
OBJECTIVES: Attribution of symptoms as medication side effects is informed by pre-existing beliefs about medicines and perceptions of personal sensitivity to their effects (pharmaceutical schemas). We tested whether (1) pharmaceutical schemas were associated with memory (recall/recognition) for side effect information (2) memory explained the attribution of a common unrelated symptom as a side effect. DESIGN: In this analogue study participants saw the patient leaflet of a fictitious asthma drug listing eight side effects...
April 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219279/the-medicalization-of-health-and-shared-responsibility
#6
Gianmarco Contino
Public, occupational and environmental health are relatively novel disciplines compared to the ancient history of medicine. Their development, together with a more insightful knowledge of the human pathophysiology (this more usual term is the one used in the article itself), have progressively expanded the field of investigation of medicine to environmental, behavioural and genetic factors that favour the development of certain medical conditions. As a result we have developed numerous additional strategies to monitor health and prevent disease, including interventions in anticipation of diseases themselves when patients are still healthy or in a grey area of increased risk...
April 2016: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219150/-study-on-anemia-and-vitamin-a-and-vitamin-d-nutritional-status-of-chinese-urban-pregnant-women-in-2010-2012
#7
Y C Hu, J Chen, M Li, R Wang, W D Li, Y H Yang, C Yang, C F Yun, L C Yang, X G Yang
Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of anemia and the nutritional status of vitamins A and D by analyzing hemoglobin, serum retinol, and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels in Chinese urban pregnant women during 2010-2012. Methods: Data were obtained from the China Nutrition and Health Survey in 2010-2012. Using multi-stage stratified sampling and population proportional stratified random sampling, 2 250 pregnant women from 34 metropolis and 41 middle-sized and small cities were included in this study. Information was collected using a questionnaire survey...
February 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219086/first-report-of-awake-craniotomy-of-a-famous-musician-suprasellar-tumor-surgery-of-pianist-clara-haskil-in-1942
#8
Elena Romana Gasenzer, Ayhan Kanat, Edmund A M Neugebauer
Clara Haskil (January 7, 1895-December 7, 1960) was one of the most famous female pianists of the 20th century. In her life and work she set new standards in piano playing. However, her career was beset by poor health and the adversities of two world wars. In her lifetime Haskil had three major disorders: juvenile scoliosis requiring treatment in her adolescence, a tumor of the sellar region requiring surgery at age 47 years, and a traumatic brain injury causing her death at the age of 65. Her medical history illustrates the development of surgical methods and rehabilitation in medicine before and after World War II...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217529/study-of-awareness-of-adrenal-disorders-among-interns-and-postgraduate-students-of-hamidia-hospital-bhopal
#9
Sachin Chittawar, T N Dubey, Jitendra Sharma, Sagar Khandare
INTRODUCTION: Adrenal disorders could be a life-threatening emergency, hence requires immediate therapeutic management. For this awareness regarding its diagnosis, management, and treatment is prime important. AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: To study the awareness of adrenal disorders among interns and postgraduates students of Hamidia Hospital, Bhopal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study was performed. Fifty-six participants, i...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217511/profile-of-vitamin-d-in-patients-attending-at-general-hospital-mahad-india
#10
Parag Himatrao Bawaskar, Himmatrao Saluba Bawaskar, Pramodini Himmatrao Bawaskar, Abhijit Patilbuwa Pakhare
BACKGROUND: Despite abundant sunshine, Vitamin D deficiency is prevalent in urban India. However, reports on analyzing Vitamin D status from rural Indian population are scanty. Here, we have evaluated Vitamin D status in patients attending outpatient department (OPD) in a rural Indian hospital setting. METHODS: A hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted at a secondary level rural hospital in patients attending medicine OPD. After obtaining informed consent, demographic information was collected from consecutive adult patients along with 3 ml blood sample for Vitamin D analysis using electro chemiluminescene on cobas elecys E411 fully automated system...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217303/three-years-evaluation-of-retained-foreign-bodies-after-surgery-in-iran
#11
Mohammad Zarenezhad, Saeed Gholamzadeh, Arya Hedjazi, Kamran Soltani, Jaber Gharehdaghi, Masoud Ghadipasha, Seyyed Mohammad Vahid Hosseini, Ahmad Zare
BACKGROUND: Medical errors such as retained foreign bodies (RFB) during surgery are not well studied. To define risk factors associated with this type of error, we performed retrospective study. METHODS: We reviewed medical records for unintentional foreign object remaining in the body during surgery such as gender, age, surgery ward, and incident reports referred to several forensic medicine administrations as well as adverse effects of retained foreign bodies and methods for detection of them over a 3-years period from January 2008 through May 2011...
March 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216722/interdepartmental-dermatology-characteristics-and-impact-of-dermatology-inpatient-referrals-at-a-teaching-hospital-in-eastern-india
#12
Satyendra Nath Chowdhury, Indrasish Podder, Abanti Saha, Debabrata Bandyopadhyay
BACKGROUND: Dermatology is primarily considered to be an outpatient-centered specialty. However, several inpatient admissions to other specialties require dermatologic consultation for optimum management. AIMS: To analyze the causes of inpatient dermatology referrals, departments sending referrals, and impact of dermatology consultation on patient management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study by analyzing the records of 486 patient referrals over a 4-year period...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215922/early-postdischarge-stop-hf-clinic-reduces-30-day-readmissions-in-old-and-frail-patients-with-heart-failure
#13
Cristina Pacho, Mar Domingo, Raquel Núñez, Josep Lupón, Pedro Moliner, Marta de Antonio, Beatriz González, Javier Santesmases, Emili Vela, Jordi Tor, Antoni Bayes-Genis
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Heart failure (HF) is associated with a high rate of readmissions within 30 days postdischarge. Strategies to lower readmission rates generally show modest results. To reduce readmission rates, we developed a STructured multidisciplinary outpatient clinic for Old and frail Postdischarge patients hospitalized for HF (STOP-HF-Clinic). METHODS: This prospective all-comers study enrolled patients discharged from internal medicine or geriatric wards after HF hospitalization...
February 16, 2017: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215878/neuroactive-steroids-and-ptsd-treatment
#14
REVIEW
Ann M Rasmusson, Christine E Marx, Suzanne L Pineles, Andrea Locci, Erica R Scioli-Salter, Yael I Nillni, Jennifer J Liang, Graziano Pinna
This review highlights early efforts to translate pre-clinical and clinical findings regarding the role of neuroactive steroids in stress adaptation and PTSD into new therapeutics for PTSD. Numerous studies have demonstrated PTSD-related alterations in resting levels or the reactivity of neuroactive steroids and their targets. These studies also have demonstrated substantial variability in the dysfunction of specific neuroactive steroid systems among PTSD subpopulations. These variabilities have been related to the developmental timing of trauma, severity and type of trauma, genetic background, sex, reproductive state, lifestyle influences such as substance use and exercise, and the presence of comorbid conditions such as depression and chronic pain...
February 12, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215585/hot-cold-foods-in-diet-and-all-cause-mortality-in-a-japanese-community-the-takayama-study
#15
Chisato Nagata, Keiko Wada, Takashi Tamura, Kie Konishi, Yuko Goto
PURPOSE: In the field of traditional Chinese medicine, foods are grouped as cold or hot, and the balance of hot and cold food intake is considered vital to good health. We aimed to examine prospectively whether hot-cold food intake as well as ratio of hot-to-cold foods is associated with all-cause mortality in a general population. METHODS: A total of 28,356 residents of Takayama City, Japan (response rate: 85.3%, mean age: 54.6 [SD, 12.6] years, male: 45.9%), responded to a food frequency questionnaire in 1992...
January 25, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215250/prevalence-and-quality-of-life-and-sleep-in-children-and-adolescents-with-restless-legs-syndrome-willis-ekbom-disease
#16
Heidi Haueisen Sander, Alan Luiz Eckeli, Afonso Diniz Costa Passos, Leila Azevedo, Lucila Bizari Fernandes do Prado, Regina Maria França Fernandes
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of restless legs syndrome/Willis-Ekbom disease (RLS/WED) and its impact on sleep and quality of life in children and adolescents. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in the Municipality of Cássia dos Coqueiros, Brazil. Participants included 383 children and adolescents 5-17 years of age. A comparison group was randomly matched by gender and age with the RLS/WED-affected individuals, pairing one by one. RESULTS: Interviews were conducted for 383 individuals by a neurologist experienced in sleep medicine...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215152/biological-activities-of-sesquiterpene-lactones-isolated-from-the-genus-centaurea-l-asteraceae
#17
Marina Sokovic, Ana Ciric, Jasmina Glamoclija, Helen Skaltsa
BACKGROUND: In recent years, a growing interest has developed in the field of biological activity of plant metabolites. Research in this area considering antimicrobial, antioxidant, cytotoxic, anti-inflammatory, and other properties, is currently expanding, reporting various species to possess such biological effects. Among them, Centaurea species are well known to be used in ethnomedicine. The Centaurea genus (Asteraceae) is represented by more than 500 species, mostly located in the Mediterranean region and Western Asia...
February 15, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214526/recent-advances-in-human-genetics-and-epigenetics-of-adiposity-pathway-to-precision-medicine
#18
Tove Fall, Michael Mendelson, Elizabeth K Speliotes
Obesity is a heritable trait that contributes to substantial global morbidity and mortality. Here, we summarize findings from the last decade of genetic and epigenetic research focused on unravelling the underpinnings of adiposity. More than 140 genetic regions are now known to influence adiposity traits. The genetics of general adiposity, as measured by body mass index, and that of abdominal obesity, as measured by waist to hip ratio, have distinct biological backgrounds. Expression of genes associated with general adiposity are enriched in the nervous system...
February 15, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214461/wide-awake-hand-surgery
#19
Matthew Cantlon, Steven Yang
Wide awake hand surgery employs local-only anesthesia with low-dose epinephrine to create a bloodless field without the use of an arm tourniquet. Despite traditional teaching, evidence-based medicine suggests epinephrine is safe for use in hand and digital anesthesia. Eliminating an arm tourniquet reduces the requirement for sedation and general anesthetic. This confers particular advantage in surgeries such as tendon repairs, tendon transfers, and soft tissue releases in which intraoperative active motion can used to optimize outcomes...
January 2017: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213837/brief-report-meeting-the-needs-of-medically-hospitalized-adults-with-autism-a-provider-and-patient-toolkit
#20
Jocelyn Carter, Sarabeth Broder-Fingert, Ann Neumeyer, Ann Giauque, Ann Kao, Christiana Iyasere
In an effort to meet the needs of adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) while hospitalized, a team of experts and providers from Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH), MGH for Children as well as parents of individuals with ASD was sparked in 2013. This became a multidisciplinary collaborative, the MGH Autism Care Collaborative, to improve adult care for inpatients with ASD. The collaborative was created with three goals in mind: (1) to educate internal medicine adult inpatient providers and staff on the unique needs of adults with ASD when hospitalized; (2) to create ASD specific resources for internal medicine adult inpatient providers; (3) to optimize patient care from admission to discharge among adults with ASD admitted to internal medicine services...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
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