keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

general medicine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775550/palliative-sedation-with-oral-medicines-in-an-infant-with-generalized-severe-junctional-epidermolysis-bullosa
#1
Keith P Pasichow, Meg Frizzola, Elissa G Miller
Generalized severe junctional epidermolysis bullosa is a rare mechanobullous skin disorder that is uniformly fatal. We present the case of an infant who received palliative pain management and ultimately proportionate palliative sedation. However, because of the extent of the patient's skin disease, we were unable to provide palliative medication through parenteral routes. We discuss the provision of enteral palliative sedation, including the pharmacology, and creative use of medications to achieve sufficient palliation in this difficult and unique situation...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775468/conflicts-of-interest-of-editors-of-medical-journals
#2
Waqas Haque, Abu Minhajuddin, Arjun Gupta, Deepak Agrawal
BACKGROUND: Almost all medical journals now require authors to publicly disclose conflicts of interests (COI). The same standard and scrutiny is rarely employed for the editors of the journals although COI may affect editorial decisions. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective observational study to determine the prevalence and magnitude of financial relationships among editors of 60 influential US medical journals (10 each for internal medicine and five subspecialties: cardiology, gastroenterology, neurology, dermatology and allergy & immunology)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773999/fitts-law-in-the-control-of-isometric-grip-force-with-naturalistic-targets
#3
Zachary C Thumser, Andrew B Slifkin, Dylan T Beckler, Paul D Marasco
Fitts' law models the relationship between amplitude, precision, and speed of rapid movements. It is widely used to quantify performance in pointing tasks, study human-computer interaction, and generally to understand perceptual-motor information processes, including research to model performance in isometric force production tasks. Applying Fitts' law to an isometric grip force task would allow for quantifying grasp performance in rehabilitative medicine and may aid research on prosthetic control and design...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773700/implications-of-involving-pharmacy-technicians-in-obtaining-a-best-possible-medication-history-from-the-perspectives-of-pharmaceutical-medical-and-nursing-staff-a-qualitative-study
#4
Andrea Niederhauser, Chantal Zimmermann, Liat Fishman, David L B Schwappach
OBJECTIVES: In recent years, the involvement of pharmacy technicians in medication reconciliation has increasingly been investigated. The aim of this study was to assess the implications on professional roles and collaboration when a best possible medication history (BPMH) at admission is obtained by pharmacy technicians. DESIGN: Qualitative study with semistructured interviews. Data were analysed using a qualitative content analysis approach. SETTING: Internal medicine units in two mid-sized Swiss hospitals...
May 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771998/risk-factors-for-inappropriate-blood-requisition-among-hospitals-in-tanzania
#5
Wilhellmuss I Mauka, Tara B Mtuy, Michael J Mahande, Sia E Msuya, Innocent B Mboya, Abdul Juma, Rune N Philemon
BACKGROUND: Blood is a critical aspect of treatment in life saving situations, increasing demand. Blood requisition practices greatly effect sufficient supply in blood banks. This study aimed to determine the risk factors for inappropriate blood requisition in Tanzania. METHODS: This was a cross sectional study using secondary data of 14,460 patients' blood requests from 42 transfusion hospitals. Primary data were obtained by using cluster-sampling design. Data were analysed using a two-level mixed-effects Poisson regression to determine fixed-effects of individual-level factors and hospital level factors associated with inappropriate blood requests...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771251/-ebm-guidelines-protocols-knowledge-attitudes-and-utilization-in-the-era-of-law-on-professional-responsibility-and-safety-of-health-care
#6
Silvia Minozzi, Francesca Ruggiero, Matteo Capobussi, Marien González-Lorenzo, Micaela La Regina, Alessandro Squizzato, Lorenzo Moja, Francesco Orlandini
INTRODUCTION: <AbstractText Label="INTRODUCTION" NlmCategory="BACKGROUND">The knowledge of principles and methods of Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) and the use of Clinical Practice Guidelines to inform clinical decisions are recognised as key instruments to improve the quality of care. In Italy the Parliament has revised the legal system that rules the responsibilities of health professionals and health care safety, prescribing health professionals to adhere to guidelines and good practice recommendations...
May 2018: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771224/discipline-specific-competency-based-curricula-for-leadership-learning-in-medical-specialty-training
#7
Sandra Turner, Ming-Ka Chan, Judy McKimm, Graham Dickson, Timothy Shaw
Purpose Doctors play a central role in leading improvements to healthcare systems. Leadership knowledge and skills are not inherent, however, and need to be learned. General frameworks for medical leadership guide curriculum development in this area. Explicit discipline-linked competency sets and programmes provide context for learning and likely enhance specialty trainees' capability for leadership at all levels. The aim of this review was to summarise the scholarly literature available around medical specialty-specific competency-based curricula for leadership in the post-graduate training space...
May 8, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770700/quality-use-of-the-pathology-data-in-home-medicines-reviews-a-retrospective-evaluation
#8
Vera H Buss, Alison Shield, Sam Kosari, Mark Naunton
BACKGROUND: Laboratory tests can be important tools for the assessment of pharmacotherapy. Nonetheless, there are no previous studies that have explicitly focused on the role of pathology data in Home Medicines Reviews (HMR), an Australian medication review program. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate pharmacists' recommendations regarding laboratory testing in the medication review process. METHODS: This retrospective review of HMRs assessed the prevalence of the pathology data provided by general practitioners...
May 1, 2018: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770474/improving-medication-safety-for-home-nursing-clients-a-prospective-observational-study-of-a-novel-clinical-pharmacy-service-the-visiting-pharmacist-vip-study
#9
C Y Lee, C Beanland, D Goeman, N Petrie, B Petrie, F Vise, J Gray, R A Elliott
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Polypharmacy, medication errors and adverse events are common in older people receiving home nursing medication management support. Access to clinical pharmacists is limited. In Australia, few home nursing clients receive a general practitioner (GP)-initiated pharmacist-led Home Medicines Review, despite their eligibility and community nurses' (CN) efforts to facilitate this. An integrated home nursing clinical pharmacy service, in which CNs directly referred clients to a pharmacist, was therefore developed and piloted...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770294/three-dimensional-modelling-and-three-dimensional-printing-in-pediatric-and-congenital-cardiac-surgery
#10
REVIEW
Laszlo Kiraly
Three-dimensional (3D) modelling and printing methods greatly support advances in individualized medicine and surgery. In pediatric and congenital cardiac surgery, personalized imaging and 3D modelling presents with a range of advantages, e.g., better understanding of complex anatomy, interactivity and hands-on approach, possibility for preoperative surgical planning and virtual surgery, ability to assess expected results, and improved communication within the multidisciplinary team and with patients. 3D virtual and printed models often add important new anatomical findings and prompt alternative operative scenarios...
April 2018: Translational Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770227/severe-oesophageal-constriction-due-to-an-aberrant-right-subclavian-artery-with-kommerell-s-diverticulum-in-a-cat
#11
Ryohei Suzuki, Yohei Mochizuki, Hiroki Yoshimatsu, Ayaka Niina, Takahiro Teshima, Hirotaka Matsumoto, Hidekazu Koyama
Case summary: A 6-month-old female cat with a history of chronic regurgitation presented with weight loss. CT angiography (CTA) showed severe constriction of the oesophagus due to an aberrant right subclavian artery and Kommerell's diverticulum. The cat was surgically treated and remained clinically normal. More than 1 year after surgery, the general condition of the cat was stable and body weight had increased. Relevance and novel information: This case report describes the clinical findings and surgical management of a cat diagnosed with severe oesophageal constriction caused by an aberrant right subclavian artery with Kommerell's diverticulum (markedly dilated origin of the aberrant right subclavian artery), which are rare vascular anomalies in veterinary medicine and specifically in cats...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769433/medical-imaging-dose-optimization-from-ground-up-expert-opinion-of-an-international-summit
#12
Ehsan Samei, Hannu Jarvinen, Mika Kortesniemi, Georgios Simantirakis, Charles Goh, Anthony Wallace, Eliseo Vano, Adrian Bejan, M M Rehani, J Vassileva
As in any medical intervention, there is either a known or an anticipated benefit to the patient from undergoing a medical imaging procedure. This benefit is generally significant as demonstrated by the manner in which medical imaging has transformed clinical medicine. At the same time, when it comes to imaging that deploys ionizing radiation, there is a potential associated risk from radiation. Radiation risk has been recognized as a key liability in the practice of medical imaging, creating a motivation for radiation dose optimization...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769134/advances-on-chimeric-antigen-receptor-modified-t-cell-therapy-for-oncotherapy
#13
REVIEW
Yanyu Pang, Xiaoyang Hou, Chunsheng Yang, Yanqun Liu, Guan Jiang
Tumor treatment is still complicated in the field of medicine. Tumor immunotherapy has been the most interesting research field in cancer therapy. Application of chimeric antigen receptor T (CAR-T) cell therapy has recently achieved excellent clinical outcome in patients, especially those with CD19-positive hematologic malignancies. This phenomenon has induced intense interest to develop CAR-T cell therapy for cancer, especially for solid tumors. However, the performance of CAR-T cell treatment in solid tumor is not as satisfactory as that in hematologic disease...
May 16, 2018: Molecular Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769009/mesenchymal-stem-cell-research-in-veterinary-medicine
#14
Mudasir Bashir Gugjoo, Amarpal, Vikash Chandra, Mohd Yaqoob Wani, Kuldeep Dhama, Gutulla Taru Sharma
BACKGROUND: The stem cells due to their unique characteristic features like self-renewal, multiplication, immuno-modulation and differentiation, are seen and hoped to bring new horizons in the field of biology, in general and medicine, in particular. OBJECTIVE: Among various stem cell types, currently mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are extensively studied in regenerative medicine owing to their readily available sources, easy harvesting and ability to differentiate both into mesodermal as well as non-mesodermal tissues with little associated ethical issues...
May 16, 2018: Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768337/variation-in-origin-of-the-long-head-of-the-biceps-brachii-tendon-in-a-cadaver-a-case-report
#15
Shuji Katsuki, Hayato Terayama, Ryuta Tanaka, Ning Qu, Osamu Tanaka, Kanae Umemoto, Kaori Suyama, Kou Sakabe
INTRODUCTION: In general, the long head of the biceps brachii (LHB) tendon arises from the supraglenoid tubercle in the shoulder joint, and it has an important stabilizing mechanism for the humeral head in the shoulder joint. This case demonstrates that even if the LHB tendon can be palpated outside of the shoulder joint, it may disappear in the intertubercular sulcus (IS) and in the glenohumeral (GH) joint because of abnormal articulation. PATIENT CONCERNS: This case involved the cadaver of an 82-year-old Japanese man (number 1936, cause of death: hepatocellular tumor), who was selected from the bodies used for gross anatomy practice at the Tokai University School of Medicine in 2017...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768277/the-brief-sexual-symptom-checklist-as-a-screening-tool-for-sex-related-problems-in-the-primary-care-setting-focus-on-erectile-dysfunction
#16
Javier Romero Otero, Borja García Gómez, José Medina Polo, Esther García Rojo, Eduardo García Cruz, Francois Peinado, Raquel Sopeña Sutil, Giorgio Bozzini, Alfredo Rodríguez Antolín
PURPOSE: To assess the performance of the Brief Sexual Symptom Checklist for men (BSSC-M) questionnaire in General Practitioner's (GP) consults in Spain. METHODS: Multicenter, cross-sectional study conducted in Spain among men ≥50 years, visiting a GP for any reason, and being able to answer self-administered questionnaires. Patients receiving medicines for erectile dysfunction (ED) and those with poor functional status were excluded. Sexual satisfaction was assessed by the BSSC-M, ED by the Sexual Health Inventory for Men (SHIM), and quality of life (QoL) using a 5-point Likert scale...
May 16, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767291/bioengineered-scaffolds-for-stem-cell-applications-in-tissue-engineering-and-regenerative-medicine
#17
Maryam Rahmati, Cristian Pablo Pennisi, Ali Mobasheri, Masoud Mozafari
Stem cell-based therapies, harnessing the ability of stem cells to regenerate damaged or diseased tissues, are under wide-ranging consideration for regenerative medicine applications. However, limitations concerning poor cell persistence and engraftment upon cell transplantation still remain. During the recent years, several types of biomaterials have been investigated to control the fate of the transplanted stem cells, aiming to increase their therapeutic efficiency. In the present chapter we focus on the general properties of some of these biomaterials, which include polymers, ceramics, and nano-biomaterials...
May 17, 2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766266/-syncope-and-fitness-to-drive
#18
REVIEW
Hermann H Klein
Although medical students are rarely instructed in traffic medicine in Germany, they are obliged to inform their patients about their fitness to drive after having become a medical doctor. This article gives an overview on the fitness to drive for patients with syncope by referring to the driving license regulation and the current guidelines released by the department of traffic. The driving license regulation distinguishes between group 1 and group 2 drivers. Group 1 drivers drive vehicles with a total weight less than 3...
May 15, 2018: Herzschrittmachertherapie & Elektrophysiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765971/alopecia-areata-in-a-dog-clinical-dermoscopic-and-histological-features
#19
Fabia Scarampella, Paola Roccabianca
Alopecia areata (AA)-like disease is characterized by multifocal patchy hair loss in humans, rodents, dogs, and horses. Remarkable similarities between human and nonhuman AA cases have been reported in terms of clinical presentation, histology, and immune mechanisms of the disease. Canine AA-like lesions most often consist of well-demarcated alopecic patches, frequently but not only involving the face and the head, which extend to the ear pinnae and legs. In some cases, hair loss can have a more generalized distribution...
April 2018: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765926/sexual-disharmony-in-menopausal-women-and-their-husband-a-qualitative-study-of-reasons-strategies-and-ramifications
#20
Masumeh Ghazanfarpour, Talat Khadivzadeh, Robab Latifnejad Roudsari
Objectives: The goal of this study was to explore perceptions and experiences of general practitioners and midwives during sexual dialogue with menopausal women. Methods: In a descriptive exploratory qualitative study, 13 midwives and 12 general practitioners were selected using a semi-structured interview and purposive sampling method. Data analysis was conducted using qualitative content analysis adopted by Graneheim and Lundman. Results: Through data analysis "sexual disharmony" emerged as a central theme, which included three categories of reasons, strategies, and ramifications of sexual disharmony...
April 2018: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
keyword
keyword
5179
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"