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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096867/nasal-nosocomial-myiasis-infection-caused-by-chrysomya-bezziana-diptera-calliphoridae-following-the-septicemia-a-case-report
#1
Seyed Farzin Mircheraghi, Seyed Farzam Mircheraghi, Hamed Ramezani Awal Riabi, Arezoo Parsapour
A 74 yr old woman from Gonabad, southern part of Khorasan Razavi Province of Iran was admitted to a Hospital of Gonabad, because of respiratory distress, exertional dyspnea and fever. Close contact with domestic animals, history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and completely resolved pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) in remote past, were notable parts of her past medical history. Due to clinical, paraclinical and radiographic findings and because of recent hospitalization, she was admitted to internal medicine ward with the diagnosis of health care associated pneumonia (HCAP)...
April 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092140/a-systematic-review-of-sinonasal-oncocytomas-and-oncocytic-carcinomas-diagnosis-management-and-technical-considerations
#2
REVIEW
Zerina Hodzic, Nicholas R Rowan, Ryota Kashiwazaki, Thomas J Willson, Eric W Wang, Stella E Lee
BACKGROUND: Oncocytomas and oncocytic carcinomas are rare tumors of the sinonasal cavity with the propensity for local invasion. This report and systematic review details a case of a nasal oncocytoma involving the lacrimal sac and provides an update of the current literature. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed using PubMed and Ovid databases. The data obtained from published articles with sinonasal oncocytoma/oncocytic carcinoma as the primary diagnosis included patient demographics, presentation, radiographic and histologic findings, management, and recurrence rates...
January 16, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089607/estimates-of-nasal-airflow-at-the-nasal-cycle-mid-point-improve-the-correlation-between-objective-and-subjective-measures-of-nasal-patency
#3
Courtney Gaberino, John S Rhee, Guilherme J M Garcia
INTRODUCTION: The nasal cycle represents a significant challenge when comparing pre- and post-surgery objective measures of nasal airflow. METHODS: Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations of nasal airflow were conducted in 12 nasal airway obstruction patients showing significant nasal cycling between pre- and post-surgery computed tomography scans. To correct for the nasal cycle, mid-cycle models were created virtually. Subjective scores of nasal patency were obtained via the Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) and unilateral visual analog scale (VAS)...
January 9, 2017: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089165/high-flow-nasal-cannula-oxygen-for-reverting-severe-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-case-report
#4
G Plotnikow, A W Thille, D Vasquez, R Pratto, P Desmery
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2017: Medicina Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072940/elective-use-of-veno-venous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-and-high-flow-nasal-oxygen-for-resection-of-subtotal-malignant-distal-airway-obstruction
#5
Rkf Fung, J Stellios, P G Bannon, A Ananda, P Forrest
We describe the use of peripheral veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV ECMO) and high-flow nasal oxygen as procedural support in a patient undergoing debulking of a malignant tumour of the lower airway. Due to the significant risk of complete airway obstruction upon induction of anaesthesia, ECMO was established while the patient was awake, and was maintained without systemic anticoagulation to minimise the risk of intraoperative bleeding. This case illustrates that ECMO support with high-flow nasal oxygen can be considered as part of the algorithm for airway management during surgery for subtotal lower airway obstruction, as it may be the only viable option for maintaining adequate gas exchange...
January 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072463/pilot-study-of-mobile-phone-technology-in-allergic-rhinitis-in-european-countries-the-mask-rhinitis-study
#6
J Bousquet, D P Caimmi, A Bedbrook, M Bewick, P W Hellings, P Devillier, S Arnavielhe, C Bachert, K C Bergmann, G W Canonica, N Chavannes, A A Cruz, R Dahl, P Demoly, G De Vries, E Mathieu-Dupas, A Fink Wagner, J Fonseca, N Guldemond, T Haahtela, B Hellqvist-Dahl, J Just, T Keil, L Klimek, M L Kowalski, M Kuitunen, P Kuna, V Kvedariene, D Laune, A M Pereira, P Carreiro-Martins, E Melén, M Morais-Almeida, J Mullol, A Muraro, R Murray, L Nogueira-Silva, N G Papadopoulos, G Passalacqua, F Portejoie, D Price, D Ryan, B Samolinski, A Sheikh, V Siroux, O Spranger, A Todo Bom, P V Tomazic, A Valero, E Valovirta, A Valiulis, O VandenPlas, S van der Meulen, M van Eerd, M Wickman, T Zuberbier
BACKGROUND: The use of Apps running on smartphones and tablets profoundly affects medicine. The MASK-rhinitis (MACVIA-ARIA Sentinel NetworK for allergic rhinitis) App (Allergy Diary) assesses allergic rhinitis symptoms, disease control and impact on patients' lives. It is freely available in 20 countries (iOS and Android platforms). AIMS: To assess in a pilot study whether (i) Allergy Diary users were able to properly provide baseline characteristics (ii) simple phenotypic characteristics based upon data captured by the Allergy Diary could be identified and (iii) information gathered by this study could suggest novel research questions...
January 10, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064430/influence-of-interface-and-position-on-upper-airway-collapsibility-assessed-by-negative-expiratory-pressure
#7
Raquel Pastrello Hirata, Fabiane Kayamori, Fabiola Schorr, Henrique Takachi Moriya, Salvatore Romano, Giuseppe Insalaco, Eloisa Gebrim, Luis Vicente Franco de Oliveira, Pedro Rodrigues Genta, Geraldo Lorenzi-Filho
PURPOSE: Negative expiratory pressure (NEP) is a simple technique for the evaluation of upper airway collapsibility in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Most studies evaluated NEP using a mouthpiece that may exclude the cephalic portion of the upper airway. We hypothesize that NEP determination is influenced by interface and position. METHODS: We evaluated patients with suspected OSA using polysomnography, NEP (-5 cmH2O in sitting and supine position with mouthpiece and nasal mask)...
January 7, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060383/clinimetric-properties-of-the-glasgow-health-status-inventory-glasgow-benefit-inventory-peak-nasal-inspiratory-flow-and-4-phase-rhinomanometry-in-adults-with-nasal-obstruction
#8
M M H T van Egmond, N van Heerbeek, E L M Ter Haar, M M Rovers
BACKGROUND: The validity of many measurement instruments frequently used in rhinology is unknown. This study describes clinimetric properties of well-known subjective and objective outcomes, i.e., the Glasgow Health Status Inventory, Glasgow Benefit Inventory, Peak Nasal Inspiratory Flow, and 4-Phase Rhinomanometry, in adults with nasal obstruction. METHODOLOGY: Construct validity and responsiveness were determined in 111 patients. Inter-rater and intra-rater reliability were analysed in 30 patients...
January 6, 2017: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056905/determinants-of-chronic-otitis-media-with-effusion-in-preschool-children-a-case-control-study
#9
Rebecca E Walker, Jim Bartley, David Flint, John M D Thompson, Edwin A Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Chronic otitis media with effusion (COME) is a prevalent upper airway infection resulting in hearing loss. The aim of this research was to determine risk factors for COME in preschool children. METHODS: A case-control design was conducted in Auckland, New Zealand from May 2011 until November 2013. The cases were children aged 3 and 4 years referred for tympanostomy tube placement due to a diagnosis of COME (n = 178). The controls were a random sample of healthy children aged 3 and 4 years from primary care practices (n = 209)...
January 6, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056521/evaluating-the-effect-of-spreader-grafting-on-nasal-obstruction-using-the-nose-scale
#10
Aurora G Standlee, Marc H Hohman
OBJECTIVE: The Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) scale has been used to demonstrate that surgery improves nasal obstruction, but no study has directly compared surgical techniques. We performed a retrospective study comparing NOSE scores to quantify the effects of spreader grafting on postoperative nasal patency. METHODS: We compared NOSE scores of patients who underwent septoturbinoplasty to open septorhinoplasty with spreader graft placement. We used a paired samples t test to evaluate the difference between pre- and postoperative NOSE scores and the improvement in NOSE score between patients who underwent septoturbinoplasty and those who underwent open septorhinoplasty with spreader graft placement...
December 1, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052420/a-novel-approach-to-brachycephalic-syndrome-3-isolated-laser-assisted-turbinectomy-of-caudal-aberrant-turbinates-cat-late
#11
Riccarda Schuenemann, Sabine Pohl, Gerhard U Oechtering
OBJECTIVE: To describe isolated laser-assisted turbinectomy of caudal aberrant turbinates (CAT LATE) as a new minimally invasive surgical procedure for the treatment of brachycephalic dogs with obstructing caudal aberrant turbinates (CAT). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. ANIMALS: Brachycephalic dogs (24 Pugs, 1 English Bulldog) with CAT but adequate air spaces between the lamellae of the nonobstructing ventral nasal concha. METHODS: A rhinoscopically guided diode laser fiber introduced from anterior was used to dissect CAT within the nasopharyngeal meatus, while leaving the intranasal turbinates intact...
January 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051241/effects-of-omalizumab-therapy-on-allergic-rhinitis-a-pilot-study
#12
S Masieri, C Cavaliere, E Begvarfaj, D Rosati, A Minni
OBJECTIVE: The use of omalizumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody able to binding Ig-E, is currently authorized only for treatment of severe bronchial asthma. The use of omalizumab in other Ig-E related diseases is off-label, although some studies have provided promising results about it. The aim of this study was to evaluate if therapy with omalizumab in patients affected by asthma and allergic rhinitis has an impact also on allergic rhinitis-related symptoms. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A longitudinal study was conducted on 11 patients affected by severe asthma and a periodic allergic rhinitis...
December 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050517/prosthodontic-approach-in-management-of-prolonged-neonatal-intubation
#13
Vikas B Kamble, Shital K Shah, Vishnu B Rathod, Priyanka S Ambadkar, Charudutt N Patil
Intubation is a routine intervention in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) for preterm neonates with respiratory distress, inadequate gag reflex, poor sucking and swallowing. Prolonged intubation in neonates can be done by nasal or oral route. Although naso-tracheal intubation may reduce movement of the tube, it may contribute to airway obstruction, possible hypoxia, and occlusion of the nasal aperture during a crucial period of development further contributing to laboured breathing. Being obligate nasal breathers, oro-tracheal route is the preferred method of intubation in premature infants as oral mucosa is less susceptible to damage than nasal mucosa...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050415/primary-extracranial-meningioma-as-a-very-rare-cause-of-nasal-mass-and-epistaxis-in-an-elderly
#14
Raman Wadhera, Sharad Hernot, Madhuri Kaintura, Sandeep Bhukar, S Dheeraj
Meningioma is known to be an intracranial pathology, but it can also present extracranially. We report a case of a 55-year-old female who presented to the Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) emergency with a complaint of epistaxis for 1 day. There was a 7-8years history of self-resolving intermittent epistaxis. Nasal examination revealed a mass from which biopsy was taken. The specimen showed meningioma on histopathological examination. The mass was excised by ENT surgeons through lateral rhinotomy incision. It was confirmed to be a meningioma by final histopathological examination...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050413/as-the-nasal-spine-goes-so-goes-the-septum
#15
Devkumar Rengaraja, Mohan Jagade, Vitthal Kale, Anoop Attakil, Rajesh Kar, Arpita Singhal, Karthik Rao, Pallavi Gupta
INTRODUCTION: "As the septum goes, so goes the nose". A well-known phrase by Maurice Cottle forms the pillar of septoplasty. Since the inception of septal surgeries, numerous methods of septoplasty have been described. But, if not performed meticulously, may lead to deformity. For a successful surgery, understanding the anatomy and addressing the anterior nasal spine and maintaining the tip integrity is vital. AIM: To study the outcomes of "ROUND ABOUT technique" to correct deviated nasal septum which focuses on the importance of anterior spine and hence maintain the tip integrity...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025606/evidence-and-evidence-gaps-in-therapies-of-nasal-obstruction-and-rhinosinusitis
#16
REVIEW
Nicole Rotter
Therapeutic decisions in otorhinolaryngology are based on clinical experience, surgical skills, and scientific evidence. Recently, evidence-based therapies have gained increased attention and importance due to their potential to improve the individual patient's treatment and their potential at the same time to reduce treatment costs. In clinical practice, it is almost impossible to stay ahead of the increasing mass of literature and on the other hand critically assess the presented data. A solid scientific and statistical knowledge as well as a significant amount of spare time are required to detect systematic bias and other errors in study designs, also with respect to assessing whether or not a study should be part of an individual therapeutic decision...
2016: GMS Current Topics in Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019643/sleep-quality-improves-with-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-in-patients-with-chronic-rhinosinusitis-and-nasal-polyposis
#17
M Värendh, A Johannisson, H Hrubros-Strøm, M Andersson
BACKGROUND: Chronic Rhinosinusitis with Nasal Polyposis (CRSwNP) is a chronic disease that has a major impact on generic and disease-specific quality of life. Little is known about the influence of CRSwNP on sleep and what effect surgery for CRSwNP has on sleep quality. The aim of the study was to investigate sleep quality in patients with CRSwNP before and after endoscopic surgery. METHODOLOGY: Forty-two patients filled out four validated sleep questionnaires and one sino/nasal, disease specific quality of life questionnaire before surgery and three months later...
December 26, 2016: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018456/esthesioneuroblastoma-in-a-boy-with-47-xyy-karyotype
#18
Hee Cheol Jo, Seong Wook Lee, Hyun Joo Jung, Jun Eun Park
Neuroblastomas are sometimes associated with abnormal constitutional karyotypes, but the XYY karyotype has been rarely described in neuroblastomas. Here, we report a case of an esthesioneuroblastoma in a boy with a 47, XYY karyotype. A 6-year-old boy was admitted to our hospital because of nasal obstruction and palpable cervical lymph node, which he first noticed several days previously. A polypoid mass in the right nasal cavity was detected through sinuscopy. Biopsy of the right nasal polyp was performed. Based on the result, the patient was diagnosed with a high-grade esthesioneuroblastoma...
November 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013296/thoracoabdominal-asynchrony-is-not-associated-with-oxyhemoglobin-saturation-in-recovering-premature-infants
#19
Colleen Brennan, Lara Ulm, Samuel Julian, Aaron Hamvas, Thomas Ferkol, Julie Hoffman, Laura Linneman, James Kemp
BACKGROUND: Recovering premature infants are at risk for hypoxemia and lack of synchrony between their rib cage and abdomen due to airflow obstruction and poor respiratory compliance. Thoracoabdominal asynchrony (TAA) is a useful marker of resistive and elastic lung properties. Whether TAA predicts oxygenation is unknown. OBJECTIVES: We investigated oxyhemoglobin saturation (SpO2%) and TAA (phase angle, φ) in preterm infants with/without high-humidity nasal cannula (HHNC)...
December 24, 2016: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012520/neonatal-airway-obstruction-in-bilateral-congenital-dacryocystocoele-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
REVIEW
Tary Yin, Graeme van der Meer
Bilateral nasal obstruction due to simultaneous bilateral dacrocystocoeles is a rare and potentially life threatening condition. We present a five day old girl with this condition who presented with respiratory distress without any eye signs or symptoms associated with dacryocystocoeles. She was successfully managed with surgery and the clinical and radiological features of this condition are presented here with a review of the literature.
January 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
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