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Narrow band imaging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637065/evaluation-of-an-e-learning-system-for-diagnosis-of-gastric-lesions-using-magnifying-narrow-band-imaging-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-study
#1
Hiroyoshi Nakanishi, Hisashi Doyama, Hideki Ishikawa, Noriya Uedo, Takuji Gotoda, Mototsugu Kato, Shigeaki Nagao, Yasuaki Nagami, Hiroyuki Aoyagi, Atsushi Imagawa, Junichi Kodaira, Shinya Mitsui, Nozomu Kobayashi, Manabu Muto, Hajime Takatori, Takashi Abe, Masahiko Tsujii, Jiro Watari, Shuhei Ishiyama, Ichiro Oda, Hiroyuki Ono, Kazuhiro Kaneko, Chizu Yokoi, Tetsuya Ueo, Kunihisa Uchita, Kenshi Matsumoto, Takashi Kanesaka, Yoshinori Morita, Shinichi Katsuki, Jun Nishikawa, Katsuhisa Inamura, Tetsu Kinjo, Katsumi Yamamoto, Daisuke Yoshimura, Hiroshi Araki, Hiroshi Kashida, Ayumu Hosokawa, Hirohito Mori, Haruhiro Yamashita, Osamu Motohashi, Kazuhiko Kobayashi, Michiaki Hirayama, Hiroyuki Kobayashi, Masaki Endo, Hiroo Yamano, Kazunari Murakami, Tomoyuki Koike, Kingo Hirasawa, Youichi Miyaoka, Hidetaka Hamamoto, Takuto Hikichi, Norihiro Hanabata, Ryo Shimoda, Shinichiro Hori, Tadashi Sato, Shinya Kodashima, Hiroyuki Okada, Tomohiko Mannami, Shojiro Yamamoto, Yasumasa Niwa, Kazuo Yashima, Satoshi Tanabe, Hiro Satoh, Fumisato Sasaki, Tetsuro Yamazato, Yoshiou Ikeda, Hogara Nishisaki, Masahiro Nakagawa, Akio Matsuda, Fumio Tamura, Hitoshi Nishiyama, Keiko Arita, Keisuke Kawasaki, Kazushige Hoppo, Masashi Oka, Shinichi Ishihara, Michita Mukasa, Hiroaki Minamino, Kenshi Yao
Background and study aim Magnifying narrow-band imaging (M-NBI) is useful for the accurate diagnosis of early gastric cancer (EGC). However, acquiring skill at M-NBI diagnosis takes substantial effort. An Internet-based e-learning system to teach endoscopic diagnosis of EGC using M-NBI has been developed. This study evaluated its effectiveness. Participants and methods This study was designed as a multicenter randomized controlled trial. We recruited endoscopists as participants from all over Japan. After completing Test 1, which consisted of M-NBI images of 40 gastric lesions, participants were randomly assigned to the e-learning or non-e-learning groups...
June 21, 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631281/detecting-large-scale-networks-in-the-human-brain-using-high-density-electroencephalography
#2
Quanying Liu, Seyedehrezvan Farahibozorg, Camillo Porcaro, Nicole Wenderoth, Dante Mantini
High-density electroencephalography (hdEEG) is an emerging brain imaging technique that can be used to investigate fast dynamics of electrical activity in the healthy and the diseased human brain. Its applications are however currently limited by a number of methodological issues, among which the difficulty in obtaining accurate source localizations. In particular, these issues have so far prevented EEG studies from reporting brain networks similar to those previously detected by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)...
June 20, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611477/a-guide-to-multimodal-endoscopy-imaging-for-gastrointestinal-malignancy-an-early-indicator
#3
REVIEW
Arthur Hoffman, Henrik Manner, Johannes W Rey, Ralf Kiesslich
Multimodality imaging is an essential aspect of endoscopic surveillance for the detection of neoplastic lesions, such as dysplasia or intramucosal cancer, because it improves the efficacy of endoscopic surveillance and therapeutic procedures in the gastrointestinal tract. This approach reveals mucosal abnormalities that cannot be detected by standard endoscopy. Currently, these imaging techniques are divided into those for primary detection and those for targeted imaging and characterization, the latter being used to visualize areas of interest in detail and permit histological evaluation...
June 14, 2017: Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596985/linked-color-imaging-improves-the-visibility-of-colorectal-polyps-a-video-study
#4
Naohisa Yoshida, Yuji Naito, Takaaki Murakami, Ryohei Hirose, Kiyoshi Ogiso, Yutaka Inada, Osamu Dohi, Kazuhiro Kamada, Kazuhiko Uchiyama, Osamu Handa, Hideyuki Konishi, Kewin Tien Ho Siah, Nobuaki Yagi, Yasuko Fujita, Mitsuo Kishimoto, Akio Yanagisawa, Yoshito Itoh
BACKGROUND/STUDY AIM:  Linked color imaging (LCI) by a laser endoscope (Fujifilm Co, Tokyo, Japan) is a novel narrow band light observation. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether LCI could improve the visibility of colorectal polyps using endoscopic videos. PATIENTS AND METHODS:  We prospectively recorded videos of consecutive polyps 2 - 20 mm in size diagnosed as neoplastic polyps. Three videos, white light (WL), blue laser imaging (BLI)-bright, and LCI, were recorded for each polyp by one expert...
June 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596780/katanin-effects-on-dynamics-of-cortical-microtubules-and-mitotic-arrays-in-arabidopsis-thaliana-revealed-by-advanced-live-cell-imaging
#5
George Komis, Ivan Luptovčiak, Miroslav Ovečka, Despina Samakovli, Olga Šamajová, Jozef Šamaj
Katanin is the only microtubule severing protein identified in plants so far. Previous studies have documented its role in regulating cortical microtubule organization during cell growth and morphogenesis. Although, some cell division defects are reported in KATANIN mutants, it is not clear whether or how katanin activity may affect microtubule dynamics in interphase cells, as well as the progression of mitosis and cytokinesis and the orientation of cell division plane (CDP). For this reason, we characterized microtubule organization and dynamics in growing and dividing cotyledon cells of Arabidopsis ktn1-2 mutant devoid of KATANIN 1 activity...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596594/magnifying-narrow-band-imaging-of-gastric-mucosal-morphology-predicts-the-h-pylori-related-epigenetic-field-defect
#6
Tomomitsu Tahara, Jumpei Yamazaki, Sayumi Tahara, Masaaki Okubo, Tomohiko Kawamura, Noriyuki Horiguchi, Takamitsu Ishizuka, Mitsuo Nagasaka, Yoshihito Nakagawa, Tomoyuki Shibata, Makoto Kuroda, Naoki Ohmiya
DNA methylation is associated with "field defect" in the gastric mucosa. To characterize "field defect" morphologically, we examined DNA methylation of non-neoplastic gastric mucosa in relation to their morphology seen by narrow-band imaging (NBI) with magnifying endoscopy. Magnifying NBI of non-neoplastic gastric body was classified as follows: normal-small and round pits with uniform subepithelial capillary networks; type 1-a little enlarged round pits with indistinct subepithelial capillary networks; type 2-remarkably enlarged pits with irregular vessels; and type 3-clearly demarcated oval or tubulovillous pits with bulky coiled or wavy vessels...
June 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596097/menstrual-cycle-vocal-performance-and-laryngeal-vascular-appearance-an-observational-study-on-17-subjects
#7
Hagit Shoffel-Havakuk, Narin N Carmel-Neiderman, Doron Halperin, Yael Shapira Galitz, Dan Levin, Yaara Haimovich, Oded Cohen, Jean Abitbol, Yonatan Lahav
OBJECTIVE: To assess the anatomical and functional features of the vocal folds during different phases of the female menstrual cycle. METHODS: An observational study of 17 healthy fertile female volunteers not using hormonal contraception was carried out. Each volunteer underwent two examinations: first, during the early days of the menstrual cycle when progesterone levels are low (p-depletion), and second, during premenstruation when progesterone levels are high (p-peak)...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591047/inverted-gastric-adenocarcinoma-of-fundic-gland-mucosa-type-colliding-with-well-differentiated-adenocarcinoma-a-case-report
#8
Keitaro Takahashi, Mikihiro Fujiya, Shin Ichihara, Kentaro Moriichi, Toshikatsu Okumura
RATIONALE: Gastric adenocarcinoma of fundic gland mucosa type (GA-FGM) is a rare tumor composed of atypical cells with differentiation toward the fundic gland as well as the foveolar epithelium. Including our case, only 9 cases of GA-FGMs were reported from 2010 to 2016. CONCERNS OF THE PATIENT: An 87-year-old man was referred to our institution for endoscopic resection of a gastric lesion. The tumor was classified as type 0-I + IIa according to the Paris classification...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577765/the-role-of-adjunct-imaging-in-endoscopic-detection-of-dysplasia-in-barrett-s-esophagus
#9
REVIEW
Pujan Kandel, Michael B Wallace
Advances in imaging technologies have demonstrated promise in early detection of dysplasia and cancer in Barrett's esophagus (BE). Optical chromoendoscopy, dye-based chromoendoscopy, and novel technologies have provided the opportunity to visualize the cellular and subcellular structures. Only narrow-band imaging and acetic acid chromoendoscopy have reached benchmarks for clinical use. Volumetric laser endomicroscopy and molecular imaging are not established for routine use. Best practice in management of BE should be focused on careful endoscopic examination, resection, or ablation of the entire abnormal lesion, as well as the use of available imaging technique that has good diagnostic accuracy...
July 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576396/hymenolepis-nana-infection-detected-by-magnifying-colonoscopy-with-narrow-band-imaging-with-video
#10
Kyosuke Tanaka, Yasuhiko Hamada, Misaki Nakamura, Reiko Yamada, Yoshiyuki Takei
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 30, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557342/morphologic-characterization-of-residual-dna-methylation-in-the-gastric-mucosa-after-helicobacter-pylori-eradication
#11
Sayumi Tahara, Tomomitsu Tahara, Tetsuya Tuskamoto, Noriyuki Horiguchi, Tomohiko Kawamura, Masaaki Okubo, Takamitsu Ishizuka, Mitsuo Nagasaka, Yoshihito Nakagawa, Tomoyuki Shibata, Makoto Kuroda, Naoki Ohmiya
Residual DNA methylation in the gastric mucosa after Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication may have a role in gastric carcinogenesis. We examined the association between morphologic features and promoter methylation status of non-neoplastic gastric mucosa especially after H. pylori eradication. A total of 140 gastric specimens from 99 participants who had at least 6 months of post-eradication period were examined. The magnifying narrow-band imaging (NBI) endoscopic feature of gastric mucosa was divided into two types: restored-small, round pits, accompanied with honeycomb-like subepithelial capillary networks; atrophic-well-demarcated oval or tubulovillous pits with clearly visible coiled or wavy vessels...
May 30, 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552126/hue-texture-embedded-region-based-model-for-magnifying-endoscopy-with-narrow-band-imaging-image-segmentation-based-on-visual-features
#12
Xiaoqi Liu, Chengliang Wang, Jianying Bai, Guobin Liao, Yanjun Zhao
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Magnification endoscopy with narrow-band imaging (ME-NBI) has become a feasible tool for detecting diseases within the human gastrointestinal tract, and is more applied by physicians to search for pathological abnormalities with gastric cancer such as precancerous lesions, early gastric cancer and advanced cancer. In order to improve the reliability of diseases detection, there is a need for applying or proposing computer-assisted methodologies to efficiently analyze and process ME-NBI images...
July 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537820/photodynamic-diagnosis-and-narrow-band-imaging-in-the-management-of-bladder-cancer-a-review
#13
Piotr Kutwin, Tomasz Konecki, Marcin Cichocki, Piotr Falkowski, Zbigniew Jabłonowski
BACKGROUND: Bladder cancer is the most common malignancy of the urinary tract. Its proper diagnosis and efficient treatment is still considered a challenge in Urology today. White Light Cystoscopy is a gold standard for the diagnosis, follow-up, and endoscopic treatment of bladder cancer. To improve the efficacy of bladder cancer management, photodynamic diagnosis and narrow-band imaging have been introduced to the urological armamentarium. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: The article presents the current state of knowledge of technical solutions that are intended to improve the diagnosis and management of bladder cancer...
May 22, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526945/tri-scan-a-three-stage-color-enhancement-tool-for-endoscopic-images
#14
Mohammad S Imtiaz, Shahed K Mohammed, Farah Deeba, Khan A Wahid
Modern endoscopes play a significant role in diagnosing various gastrointestinal (GI) tract related diseases where the visual quality of endoscopic images helps improving the diagnosis. This article presents an image enhancement method for color endoscopic images that consists of three stages, and hence termed as "Tri-scan" enhancement: (1) tissue and surface enhancement: a modified linear unsharp masking is used to sharpen the surface and edges of tissue and vascular characteristics; (2) mucosa layer enhancement: an adaptive sigmoid function is employed on the R plane of the image to highlight micro-vessels of the superficial layers of the mucosa and submucosa; and (3) color tone enhancement: the pixels are uniformly distributed to create an enhanced color effect to highlight the subtle micro-vessels, mucosa and tissue characteristics...
June 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522954/current-practices-in-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-for-colorectal-neoplasms-a-survey-of-indications-among-korean-endoscopists
#15
Tae Jun Kim, Eun Ran Kim, Sung Noh Hong, Young-Ho Kim, Dong Kyung Chang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The indications for colorectal endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) vary in clinical practice. To establish colorectal ESD as a standard treatment, standard indications are essential. For establishing standard indications for colorectal ESD, we surveyed the preferences and criteria of endoscopists for colorectal ESD in their practices. METHODS: A multiple-choice questionnaire was sent to 27 members of the Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy/ESD group...
April 2017: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516968/preliminary-experience-with-4k-ultra-high-definition-endoscope-analysis-of-pros-and-cons-in-skull-base-surgery
#16
M Rigante, G La Rocca, L Lauretti, G Q D'Alessandris, A Mangiola, C Anile, A Olivi, G Paludetti
During the last two decades endoscopic skull base surgery observed a continuous technical and technological development 3D endoscopy and ultra High Definition (HD) endoscopy have provided great advances in terms of visualisation and spatial resolution. Ultra-high definition (UHD) 4K systems, recently introduced in the clinical practice, will shape next steps forward especially in skull base surgery field. Patients were operated on through transnasal transsphenoidal endoscopic approaches performed using Olympus NBI 4K UHD endoscope with a 4 mm 0° Ultra Telescope, 300 W xenon lamp (CLV-S400) predisposed for narrow band imaging (NBI) technology connected through a camera head to a high-quality control unit (OTV-S400 - VISERA 4K UHD) (Olympus Corporation, Tokyo, Japan)...
June 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507710/semiconducting-polymer-dots-with-bright-narrow-band-emission-at-800-nm-for-biological-applications
#17
Dandan Chen, I-Che Wu, Zhihe Liu, Ying Tang, Haobin Chen, Jiangbo Yu, Changfeng Wu, Daniel T Chiu
The development of near-infrared (NIR) fluorescent probes is critical for in vivo exploration of the fundamental and complex processes in living systems by noninvasive fluorescence imaging techniques. Semiconducting polymer dots (Pdots) are emerging as important probes that exhibit several advantages, such as high brightness and biocompatibility. However, NIR-emitting Pdots are very rare, particularly at the center (∼800 nm) of the first optical window of biological tissues (between 650 nm and 950 nm). In this paper, we describe the synthesis of a semiconducting polymer with bright and narrow-band emission at 800 nm...
May 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503988/the-usefulness-of-narrow-band-imaging-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-vocal-fold-leukoplakia
#18
Fang Huang, Jinchao Yu, Fan Zhang, Changding He, Shimin Li, Jun Shao
OBJECTIVE: This research was aimed to explore the efficacy of narrow-band imaging (NBI) on distinguishing the degree of dysplasia of vocal fold leukoplakia. METHODS: Patients were examined by flexible endoscopy, under white light endoscopy (WLE) and NBI. 78 lesions were divided into two groups according to the NBI classification. Group 1: non-dysplasia (ND), including squamous hyperplasia with hyperkeratosis or parakeratosis; Group 2: squamous hyperplasia with mild or moderate dysplasia (MD) or severe dysplasia (SD), or carcinoma in situ (CIS)...
May 14, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500570/narrow-band-imaging-can-increase-the-visibility-of-fibrin-caps-after-bleeding-of-esophageal-varices-a-case-with-extensive-esophageal-candidiasis
#19
Yoshihiro Furuichi, Yoshitaka Kasai, Hirohito Takeuchi, Yuu Yoshimasu, Takashi Kawai, Katsutoshi Sugimoto, Yoshiyuki Kobayashi, Ikuo Nakamura, Takao Itoi
A 58-year-old man with hepatitis B cirrhosis noticed black stools and underwent an endoscopy at a community hospital. The presence of esophageal varices (EVs) was confirmed, but the bleeding point was not found. He was referred to our institution and underwent a second endoscopy. Extensive white patches of esophageal candidiasis were visible on endoscopy by white-light imaging (WLI), but it was difficult to find the fibrin cap of the EVs. This was easier under narrow-band imaging (NBI), however, as the color turned red from absorption by hemoglobin adhered to it...
May 12, 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494373/influence-of-li-charge-compensator-ion-on-the-energy-transfer-from-pr-3-to-gd-3-ions-in-ca9mg-po4-6f2-gd-3-pr-3-li-phosphor
#20
Sumedha Tamboli, S J Dhoble
Phototherapy is a renowned treatment for curing skin diseases since ancient times. Phototherapeutic treatment for psoriasis and many other diseases require narrow band ultra violet-B (NB-UVB) light with peak intensity at 313nm to be exposed to the affected part of body. In this paper, we report combustion synthesis of NB-UVB -313nm emitting Ca9Mg(PO4)6F2 phosphors doped with Gd(3+), Pr(3+) and Li(+) ions. The phase formation was confirmed by obtaining X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern and morphology was studied with the Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images...
May 2, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
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