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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207335/housing-assistance-programs-and-adult-health-in-the-united-states
#1
Andrew Fenelon, Patrick Mayne, Alan E Simon, Lauren M Rossen, Veronica Helms, Patricia Lloyd, Jon Sperling, Barry L Steffen
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether access to housing assistance is associated with better health among low-income adults. METHODS: We used National Health Interview Survey data (1999-2012) linked to US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) administrative records (1999-2014) to examine differences in reported fair or poor health and psychological distress. We used multivariable models to compare those currently receiving HUD housing assistance (public housing, housing choice vouchers, and multifamily housing) with those who will receive housing assistance within 2 years (the average duration of HUD waitlists) to account for selection into HUD assistance...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192095/cigarette-smoking-and-adverse-health-outcomes-among-adults-receiving-federal-housing-assistance
#2
Veronica E Helms, Brian A King, Peter J Ashley
Cigarette smoking is higher among low-income adults and individuals who reside in federally assisted housing are particularly susceptible to the adverse effects of smoking and secondhand smoke exposure. This study assessed smoking-related behaviors and health outcomes among U.S. adults who received federal housing assistance during 2006-2012. National Health Interview Survey data linked with administrative data from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development were analyzed; 5218 HUD-assisted adults were assessed...
February 9, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186420/driving-while-interacting-with-google-glass
#3
Kathryn G Tippey, Elayaraj Sivaraj, Thomas K Ferris
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the individual and combined effects of voice (vs. manual) input and head-up (vs. head-down) display in a driving and device interaction task. BACKGROUND: Advances in wearable technology offer new possibilities for in-vehicle interaction but also present new challenges for managing driver attention and regulating device usage in vehicles. This research investigated how driving performance is affected by interface characteristics of devices used for concurrent secondary tasks...
February 1, 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182604/announcement-federally-assisted-housing-standards-for-blood-lead-levels-aligned-with-cdc-recommended-threshold
#4
(no author information available yet)
On January 13, 2017, the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) lowered the threshold of lead in young children's blood that triggers interventions to evaluate and control exposure hazards from 20 μg/dL to 5 μg/dL, matching the reference level used by CDC (1). The rule includes a process to continue HUD alignment with any future updates to CDC's reference level (1).
February 10, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150176/health-hazards-in-the-home-an-assessment-of-a-southern-nevada-community
#5
Amanda Sokolowsky, Erika Marquez, Erin Sheehy, Casey Barber, Shawn Gerstenberger
As a sub-grantee of a Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Lead Hazard Control and Healthy Homes Program, the University of Nevada, Las Vegas' Department of Environmental and Occupational Health performed lead and Healthy Homes investigations and collected data regarding conditions in the home environment in Henderson, Nevada. The purpose of this research is to characterize housing conditions in southern Nevada, compare data to census data, and to highlight the health outcomes associated with adverse housing conditions...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113076/expression-of-flhma3-a-p1b2-atpase-from-festulolium-loliaceum-correlates-with-response-to-cadmium-stress
#6
Qiang Guo, Lin Meng, Mike W Humphreys, John Scullion, Luis A J Mur
Heavy metal ATPase 3 (HMA3), a P1B2-ATPase, is a key tonoplast transporter involved in mediating the vacuolar sequestration of cadmium (Cd) to detoxify the intake of this element by plants. HMA3 expression in response to Cd stress has not been previously examined in the grass hybrid species Festulolium loliaceum (Huds.) P. Fourn. In this study, FlHMA3 isolated from F. loliaceum was found to comprise 833 amino acid residues with 77% homology to the rice OsHMA3. Transient expression of FlHMA3 fused to enhanced green fluorescent protein in Arabidopsis protoplasts suggested its localization to vacuolar membranes...
January 16, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111162/hud-mediated-distinct-bdnf-regulatory-pathways-promote-regeneration-after-nerve-injury
#7
Maria Domenica Sanna, Carla Ghelardini, Nicoletta Galeotti
Up-regulation of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)synthesis is an important mechanism of peripheralnerveregenerationafterinjury.However, the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying this process are not fully understood. This study examines the role of BDNF in the spared nerve injury (SNI) mice model. Protein expression and cellular localization were investigated in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and spinal cord by western blotting and immunofluorescence experiments respectively. BDNF protein was markedly increased 3 and 7 days post-injury in the spinal cord and DRG...
January 19, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108383/traditional-uses-of-medicinal-plants-reported-by-the-indigenous-communities-and-local-herbal-practitioners-of-bajaur-agency-federally-administrated-tribal-areas-pakistan
#8
Muhammad Abdul Aziz, Amir Hasan Khan, Muhammad Adnan, Izatullah Izatullah
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: In the study area, knowledge related to the traditional uses of medicinal plants is totally in the custody of elder community members and local herbalists. The younger generation is unaware of the traditional knowledge, however with only few exceptions. Therefore, this study was planned with objective to document the medicinal importance of plants, conserve this precious indigenous knowledge, and share it among other communities through published literature...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103063/delivering-on-the-promise-of-smoke-free-public-housing
#9
Douglas E Levy, Inez F Adams, Gary Adamkiewicz
On November 30, 2016, the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) published a final rule mandating that public housing authorities it supports prohibit all smoking on their residential premises, including within residents' apartments. The primary rationale for this action was to protect nonsmoking residents from the harms of tobacco smoke exposure. Although the harms of secondhand smoke are clear and the potential for reducing nonsmoking residents' exposure is real, it will be no simple matter to successfully implement the policy requirements set down by HUD...
March 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102982/requirements-for-notification-evaluation-and-reduction-of-lead-based-paint-hazards-in-federally-owned-residential-property-and-housing-receiving-federal-assistance-response-to-elevated-blood-lead-levels-final-rule
#10
(no author information available yet)
This final rule amends HUD's lead-based paint regulations to reduce blood lead levels in children under age six (6) who reside in federally-owned or -assisted pre-1978 housing, formally adopting a revised definition of "elevated blood lead level" (EBLL) in children under the age of six (6), in accordance with Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidance. It also establishes more comprehensive testing and evaluation procedures for the housing where such children reside. This final rule also addresses certain additional elements of the CDC guidance pertaining to assisted housing and makes technical corrections and clarifications...
January 13, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008603/a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-effects-of-chair-yoga-on-pain-and-physical-function-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-lower-extremity-osteoarthritis
#11
Juyoung Park, Ruth McCaffrey, David Newman, Patricia Liehr, Joseph G Ouslander
OBJECTIVES: To determine effects of Sit 'N' Fit Chair Yoga, compared to a Health Education program (HEP), on pain and physical function in older adults with lower extremity osteoarthritis (OA) who could not participate in standing exercise. DESIGN: Two-arm randomized controlled trial. SETTING: One HUD senior housing facility and one day senior center in south Florida. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling older adults (N = 131) were randomly assigned to chair yoga (n = 66) or HEP (n = 65)...
December 23, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940343/factors-contributing-to-eviction-from-permanent-supportive-housing-lessons-from-hud-vash
#12
Ann Elizabeth Montgomery, Meagan Cusack, Dorota Szymkowiak, Jamison Fargo, Thomas O'Toole
INTRODUCTION: Eviction from housing is associated with several negative outcomes, further exacerbated among high-need populations requiring financial and supportive services to maintain housing stability. This study investigated risk and protective factors-both characteristics and precipitating events of tenant eviction-informing permanent supportive housing (PSH) programs' efforts to identify tenants at risk and intervene. METHODS: Using administrative data for a cohort of 20,146 Veterans participating in PSH, this study assessed differences in Veterans who exited the program due to eviction and Veterans who exited because they accomplished their goals...
December 2, 2016: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927076/evidence-of-biological-activity-of-mentha-species-extracts-on-apoptotic-and-autophagic-targets-on-murine-raw264-7-and-human-u937-monocytic-cells
#13
Fatiha Brahmi, Samia Hadj-Ahmed, Amira Zarrouk, Maryem Bezine, Thomas Nury, Khodir Madani, Mohamed Chibane, Anne Vejux, Pierre Andreoletti, Lila Boulekbache-Makhlouf, Gérard Lizard
CONTEXT: Mints (Lamiaceae) are used as traditional remedies for the treatment of several diseases. Their extracts are recognized as anti-inflammatory compounds. OBJECTIVE: This study characterized the cytotoxic effects of Mentha spicata L. (MS), Mentha pulegium L. (MP) and Mentha rotundifolia (L). Huds (MR) on macrophage cells (RAW264.7; U937) and determined their impact on apoptosis and autophagy, which can play a role in controlling inflammation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The extracts were prepared in culture medium and tested from 25 to 400 μg/mL after 24-48 h of treatment...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905561/anti-hu-antibodies-activate-enteric-and-sensory-neurons
#14
Qin Li, Klaus Michel, Anita Annahazi, Ihsan E Demir, Güralp O Ceyhan, Florian Zeller, Lars Komorowski, Winfried Stöcker, Michael J Beyak, David Grundy, Gianrico Farrugia, Roberto De Giorgio, Michael Schemann
IgG of type 1 anti-neuronal nuclear antibody (ANNA-1, anti-Hu) specificity is a serological marker of paraneoplastic neurological autoimmunity (including enteric/autonomic) usually related to small-cell lung carcinoma. We show here that IgG isolated from such sera and also affinity-purified anti-HuD label enteric neurons and cause an immediate spike discharge in enteric and visceral sensory neurons. Both labelling and activation of enteric neurons was prevented by preincubation with the HuD antigen. Activation of enteric neurons was inhibited by the nicotinic receptor antagonists hexamethonium and dihydro-β-erythroidine and reduced by the P2X antagonist pyridoxal phosphate-6-azo (benzene-2,4-disulfonic acid (PPADS) but not by the 5-HT3 antagonist tropisetron or the N-type Ca-channel blocker ω-Conotoxin GVIA...
December 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902806/orthology-guided-transcriptome-assembly-of-italian-ryegrass-and-meadow-fescue-for-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-discovery
#15
Štěpán Stočes, Tom Ruttink, Jan Bartoš, Bruno Studer, Steven Yates, Zbigniew Zwierzykowski, Michael Abrouk, Isabel Roldán-Ruiz, Tomasz Książczyk, Elodie Rey, Jaroslav Doležel, David Kopecký
Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) represent natural DNA sequence variation. They can be used for various applications including the construction of high-density genetic maps, analysis of genetic variability, genome-wide association studies, and map-based cloning. Here we report on transcriptome sequencing in the two forage grasses, meadow fescue ( Huds.) and Italian ryegrass ( Lam.), and identification of various classes of SNPs. Using the Orthology Guided Assembly (OGA) strategy, we assembled and annotated a total of 18,952 and 19,036 transcripts for Italian ryegrass and meadow fescue, respectively...
November 2016: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902640/minimal-endoillumination-levels-and-display-luminous-emittance-during-three-dimensional-heads-up-vitreoretinal-surgery
#16
Murtaza K Adam, Sarah Thornton, Carl D Regillo, Carl Park, Allen C Ho, Jason Hsu
PURPOSE: To determine minimal endoillumination levels required to perform 3-dimensional heads-up vitreoretinal surgery and to correlate endoillumination levels used for measurements of heads-up display (HUD) luminous emittance. METHODS: Prospective, observational surgical case series of 10 patients undergoing vitreoretinal surgery. Endoillumination levels were set to 40% of maximum output and were decreased at set intervals until the illumination level was 0%. Corresponding luminous emittance (lux) of the HUD was measured 40 cm from the display using a luxmeter (Dr...
November 29, 2016: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867107/draft-genome-sequence-of-mentha-longifolia-and-development-of-resources-for-mint-cultivar-improvement
#17
Kelly J Vining, Sean R Johnson, Amirhossein Ahkami, Iris Lange, Amber N Parrish, Susan C Trapp, Rodney B Croteau, Shannon C K Straub, Iovanna Pandelova, B Markus Lange
The genus Mentha encompasses mint species cultivated for their essential oils, which are formulated into a vast array of consumer products. Desirable oil characteristics and resistance to the fungal disease Verticillium wilt are top priorities for the mint industry. However, cultivated mints have complex polyploid genomes and are sterile. Breeding efforts, therefore, require the development of genomic resources for fertile mint species. Here, we present draft de novo genome and plastome assemblies for a wilt-resistant South African accession of Mentha longifolia (L...
November 17, 2016: Molecular Plant
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860474/-phenolic-compounds-in-leaves-insertions-of-mentha-%C3%A3-villosa-huds-cv-sne%C3%A5-n%C3%A3
#18
Daniela Tekeľová, Silvia Bittner Fialová, Jaroslav Tóth, Szilvia Czigle
Lamiaceae plants mostly accumulate active ingredients in their leaves. The subfamily Nepetoideae, including the genus Mentha L., is characterized by the presence of essential oil and antioxidant phenolics, chiefly hydroxycinnamic acids with predominance of rosmarinic acid, and flavonoids. Mentha × piperita and M. spicata are the most broadly used mints in both medicine and industry, while M. x villosa is less known in our country. Herbal drugs in the form of leaves are usually analysed unpartitioned, while single leaves insertions have only been studied occasionally...
2016: Ceská a Slovenská Farmacie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833645/the-impact-of-psychopathological-subtypes-on-retention-rate-of-patients-with-substance-use-disorder-entering-residential-therapeutic-community-treatment
#19
Angelo G I Maremmani, Pier Paolo Pani, Emanuela Trogu, Federica Vigna-Taglianti, Federica Mathis, Roberto Diecidue, Ursula Kirchmayer, Laura Amato, Joli Ghibaudi, Antonella Camposeragna, Alessio Saponaro, Marina Davoli, Fabrizio Faggiano, Icro Maremmani
BACKGROUND: A specific psychopathology of addiction has been proposed and described using the self-report symptom inventory (SCL-90), leading to a 5-factor aggregation of psychological/psychiatric symptoms: 'worthlessness and being trapped', 'somatic symptoms', 'sensitivity-psychoticism', 'panic-anxiety' and 'violence-suicide' in various populations of patients with heroin use disorder (HUD) and other substance use disorders (SUDs). These clusters of symptoms, according to studies that have highlighted the role of possible confounding factors (such as demographic and clinical characteristics, active heroin use, lifetime psychiatric problems and kind of treatment received by the patients), seem to constitute a trait rather than a state of the psychological structure of addiction...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828253/design-fabrication-and-characterization-of-transparent-retro-reflective-screen
#20
Shoaib R Soomro, Hakan Urey
A transparent retro-reflective screen, which can be used as head-up-display (HUD) or a see-through screen for head mounted projection displays (HMPD) is proposed. The high optical gain of screen enables the use of low power projectors to produce very bright content. The screen assembly is based on retro-reflective microspheres, patterned on an optically clear substrate using steel stencil as a shadow mask. The incident light is retro-reflected as a narrow angular cone to create an eyebox for the viewer. The optical gain and transparency of screen is varied by changing the fill factor of the mask...
October 17, 2016: Optics Express
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