keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

asthma biologics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345235/news-on-climate-change-air-pollution-and-allergic-trigger-factors-of-asthma
#1
REVIEW
M D Amato, L Cecchi, I Annesi-Maesano, G D Amato
The rising frequency of obstructive respiratory diseases,in particular allergic asthma, observed over the last years, can be partially explained by changes occurring in the environment, with increasing presence in atmosphere of chemical (particulate matter and gaseous components such as nitrogen dioxide and ozone) and biologic (aeroallergens) trigger factors. Aeroallergens are able to stimulate, in allergic subjects, the airways' sensitization, inducing symptoms of bronchial asthma. Over the last 50 years, global earth's temperature has markedly risen likely because of growing emission of anthropogenic greenhouse gas concentrations...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344125/mir-145-5p-inhibits-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-via-the-jnk-signaling-pathway-by-targeting-map3k1-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-cells
#2
Yongmei Chang, Wensen Yan, Cong Sun, Qingfeng Liu, Jun Wang, Mingzhi Wang
Lung cancer is one of the most common types of tumors and the leading cause of cancer-associated mortality in the world. Additionally, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for ~80% of all lung cancer cases. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is an important cell biological process, which is associated with cancer migration, metastasis, asthma and fibrosis in the lung. In the present study, it was revealed that miR-145-5p was able to suppress EMT by inactivating the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signaling pathway in NSCLC cells...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344005/biological-clocks-their-relevance-to-immune-allergic-diseases
#3
REVIEW
Roberto Paganelli, Claudia Petrarca, Mario Di Gioacchino
The 2017 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine, awarded for the discoveries made in the past 15 years on the genetic and molecular mechanisms regulating many physiological functions, has renewed the attention to the importance of circadian rhythms. These originate from a central pacemaker in the suprachiasmatic nucleus in the brain, photoentrained via direct connection with melanopsin containing, intrinsically light-sensitive retinal ganglion cells, and it projects to periphery, thus creating an inner circadian rhythm...
2018: Clinical and Molecular Allergy: CMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338828/screening-serum-differential-proteins-for-childhood-asthma-at-different-control-levels-by-isobaric-tags-for-relative-and-absolute-quantification-based-proteomic-technology
#4
Ji Yan Liu, Ying Wang, Yuan Zhao Wang, Jia Wen Zhu, Fang Dian Dai
Objective To screen serum differential proteins for childhood asthma at different control levels,which provided the basis for the prevention and treatment of childhood asthma. Methods Isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification,two-dimensional liquid chromatography,nanoelectrospray ionization,and high-resolution tandem mass spectrometry using the hybrid quadrupole time-of-flight platform was used to screen the differential proteins in serum samples from pediatric patients with controlled,partly controlled,or uncontrolled childhood asthma...
December 20, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334526/airborne-particulate-matter-human-exposure-health-effects
#5
Jonathan E Thompson
OBJECTIVE: Exposure to airborne particulate matter (PM) is estimated to cause millions of premature deaths annually. This work conveys known routes of exposure to PM and resultant health effects. METHODS: Review of available literature. RESULTS: Estimates for daily PM exposure are provided. Known mechanisms by which insoluble particles are transported and removed from the body are discussed. Biological effects of PM, including immune response, cytotoxicity, and mutagenicity are reported...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334241/transcriptional-regulation-on-the-gene-expression-signature-in-combined-allergic-rhinitis-and-asthma-syndrome
#6
Zhengdao Mao, Yujia Shi, Qi Cao, Yi Chen, Yun Sun, Zhiguang Liu, Qian Zhang, Mao Huang
AIM: This study was intended to evaluate transcriptional regulation of gene expression signatures in combined allergic rhinitis and asthma syndrome (CARAS). MATERIALS & METHODS: The blood samples of three patients with CARAS, three patients with allergic rhinitis and three normal controls were obtained. The cuffdiff, miRDeep2 and DEGseq were used to quantify the expression of genes and miRNAs, respectively. And p-value < 0.01 and false discovery rate < 0...
January 15, 2018: Epigenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332144/long-acting-%C3%AE-2-agonists-in-asthma-enantioselective-safety-studies-are-needed
#7
Glenn A Jacobson, Sharanne Raidal, Morten Hostrup, Luigino Calzetta, Richard Wood-Baker, Mark O Farber, Clive P Page, E Haydn Walters
Long-acting β2-agonists (LABAs) such as formoterol and salmeterol are used for prolonged bronchodilatation in asthma, usually in combination with inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs). Unexplained paradoxical asthma exacerbations and deaths have been associated with LABAs, particularly when used without ICS. LABAs clearly demonstrate effective bronchodilatation and steroid-sparing activity, but long-term treatment can lead to tolerance of their bronchodilator effects. There are also concerns with regard to the effects of LABAs on bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR), where long-term use is associated with increased BHR and loss of bronchoprotection...
January 13, 2018: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328030/modern-approaches-to-fractional-exhaled-nitric-oxide-as-a-useful-biomarker-for-allergic-asthma-phenotyping-and-management
#8
N Mgaloblishvili, M Gotua
Asthma is a pathologically heterogeneous disease, consisting of several phenotypes. Different types of airway inflammation are the cornerstone feature of this condition. Fraction of nitric oxide in exhaled air (FENO) has been proposed as a noninvasive, specific biomarker for eosinophilic airway inflammation and has been shown to be elevated in patients with allergic asthma phenotype. More recent studies indicate that FeNO identifies T-helper cell type 2 (Th2)-mediated airway inflammation with a high predictive value for identifying inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) responsive airway inflammation...
December 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320511/application-of-a-phenotypic-drug-discovery-strategy-to-identify-biological-and-chemical-starting-points-for-inhibition-of-tslp-production-in-lung-epithelial-cells
#9
Adelina Orellana, Vicente García-González, Rosa López, Sonia Pascual-Guiral, Estrella Lozoya, Julia Díaz, Daniel Casals, Antolín Barrena, Stephane Paris, Miriam Andrés, Victor Segarra, Dolors Vilella, Rajneesh Malhotra, Paul Eastwood, Anna Planagumà, Montserrat Miralpeix, Arsenio Nueda
Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) is a cytokine released by human lung epithelium in response to external insult. Considered as a master switch in T helper 2 lymphocyte (Th2) mediated responses, TSLP is believed to play a key role in allergic diseases including asthma. The aim of this study was to use a phenotypic approach to identify new biological and chemical starting points for inhibition of TSLP production in human bronchial epithelial cells (NHBE), with the objective of reducing Th2-mediated airway inflammation...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319364/comparative-study-of-il-33-and-il-6-levels-in-different-respiratory-samples-in-mild-to-moderate-asthma-and-copd
#10
Katarzyna Gorska, Patrycja Nejman-Gryz, Magdalena Paplinska-Goryca, Piotr Korczynski, Monika Prochorec-Sobieszek, Rafal Krenke
IL-6 and IL-33 are involved in the inflammatory process in obstructive lung diseases. In contrast to IL-6, few data on the expression of IL-33 in different biological samples from asthma and COPD patients are available. The aim was to evaluate the expressions of IL-33 and IL-6 in bronchial mucosa and to compare these expressions with the concentrations of both cytokines in various respiratory samples from patients with mild-to-moderate asthma and COPD. Serum, induced sputum and exhaled breath condensate IL-6 and IL-33 levels, as well as their expression in bronchial mucosa were evaluated in 22 asthma and 33 COPD patients...
January 10, 2018: COPD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319160/macrophage-plasticity-polarization-and-function-in-health-and-disease
#11
REVIEW
Abbas Shapouri Moghaddam, Saeed Mohammadian, Hossein Vazini, Mahdi Taghadosi, Seyed-Alireza Esmaeili, Fatemeh Mardani, Bita Seifi, Asadollah Mohammadi, Jalil Tavakol Afshari, Amirhossein Sahebkar
Macrophages are heterogeneous and their phenotype and functions are regulated by the surrounding micro-environment. Macrophages commonly exist in two distinct subsets: 1) Classically activated or M1 macrophages, which are pro-inflammatory and polarized by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) either alone or in association with Th1 cytokines such as IFN-γ, GM-CSF and produce pro-inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-6, IL-12, IL-23 and TNF-α, and 2) Alternatively activated or M2 macrophages, which are anti-inflammatory and immunoregulatory and polarized by Th2 cytokines such as IL-4 and IL-13 and produce anti-inflammatory cytokines such as IL-10 and TGF-β...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318959/novel-biological-therapies-in-severe-asthma-targeting-the-right-trait
#12
Gilda Varricchi, Giancarlo Marone, Giuseppe Spadaro, Michele Russo, Francescopaolo Granata, Arturo Genovese, Gianni Marone
Asthma is a heterogeneous disease characterized by chronic airway inflammation that results in a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations. Patients with severe asthma represent a substantial share of consumption of healthcare resources and hospitalization. Moreover, these patients are at risk of increased morbidity and mortality. Recently, several phenotypes and endotypes of asthma have been identified. The identification of specific subtypes of asthma is fundamental for optimizing the clinical benefit of novel treatments...
January 9, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315966/new-and-emerging-drug-treatments-for-severe-asthma
#13
S Diver, R J Russell, C Brightling
Asthma is a common chronic inflammatory condition of the airways affecting over 300 million people worldwide. In 5-10% of cases it is severe, with disproportionate healthcare resource utilisation including costs associated with frequent exacerbations and the long-term health effects of systemic steroids. Characterisation of inflammatory pathways in severe asthma has led to development of targeted biological and small molecule therapies which aim to achieve disease control whilst minimising corticosteroid-associated morbidity...
January 8, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310755/home-environmental-interventions-for-house-dust-mite
#14
Jeffrey M Wilson, Thomas A E Platts-Mills
It has been 50 years since the dust mite was first appreciated to be a major source of allergen in house dust, and by extension a key trigger of allergic respiratory disease. Since that time a number of protein allergens have been identified and characterized, mainly from mite feces, and standardized mite extracts and IgE assays have been developed. Insights into the lifecycle of dust mites and aspects of mite allergen biology have shed light on the mechanisms that lead to respiratory disease and to the development of interventions that can minimize dust mite allergen exposure...
January 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298996/the-phosphatidylinositide-3-kinase-pi3k-signaling-pathway-is-a-determinant-of-zileuton-response-in-adults-with-asthma
#15
Amber Dahlin, Weiliang Qiu, Augusto A Litonjua, John J Lima, Mayumi Tamari, Michiaki Kubo, Charles G Irvin, Stephen P Peters, Ann C Wu, Scott T Weiss, Kelan G Tantisira
Variable responsiveness to zileuton, a leukotriene antagonist used to treat asthma, may be due in part to genetic variation. While individual SNPs were previously associated with zileuton-related lung function changes, specific quantitative trait loci (QTLs) and biological pathways that may contribute have not been identified. In this study, we investigated the hypothesis that genetic variation within biological pathways is associated with zileuton response. We performed an integrative QTL mapping and pathway enrichment study to investigate data from a GWAS of zileuton response, in addition to mRNA expression profiles and leukotriene production data from lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs) (derived from asthmatics) that were treated with zileuton or ethanol (control)...
January 3, 2018: Pharmacogenomics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297304/novel-human-microbe-disease-association-prediction-using-network-consistency-projection
#16
Wenzheng Bao, Zhichao Jiang, De-Shuang Huang
BACKGROUND: Accumulating biological and clinical reports have indicated that imbalance of microbial community is closely associated with occurrence and development of various complex human diseases. Identifying potential microbe-disease associations, which could provide better understanding of disease pathology and further boost disease diagnostic and prognostic, has attracted more and more attention. However, hardly any computational models have been developed for large scale microbe-disease association prediction...
December 28, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290750/an-update-on-anti-ige-therapy-in-pediatric-respiratory-diseases
#17
REVIEW
Amelia Licari, Riccardo Castagnoli, Elisa Panfili, Alessia Marseglia, Ilaria Brambilla, Gian Luigi Marseglia
Anti-IgE treatment represents a major breakthrough in the therapeutic management of severe allergic asthma. Omalizumab is the unique biologic treatment registered for asthma therapy in children. The clinical efficacy and safety of omalizumab treatment in the pediatric population has been extensively documented in specific trials and consistently expanded from real-life studies. In addition, new experimental evidence suggests that omalizumab may also interfere with the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying airway remodeling...
March 2017: Current Respiratory Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290104/priorities-for-future-research-into-asthma-diagnostic-tools-a-pan-eu-consensus-exercise-from-the-european-asthma-research-innovation-partnership-earip
#18
L Garcia-Marcos, J Edwards, E Kennington, P Aurora, E Baraldi, S Carraro, M Gappa, R Louis, A Moreno-Galdo, D G Peroni, M Pijnenburg, K N Priftis, M Sanchez-Solis, A Schuster, S Walker
The diagnosis of asthma is currently based on clinical history, physical examination and lung function; and to date there are no accurate objective tests either to confirm the diagnosis or to discriminate between different types of asthma. This consensus exercise reviews the state-of-the-art in asthma diagnosis to identify opportunities for future investment based on the likelihood of their successful development, potential for widespread adoption and their perceived impact on asthma patients. Using a two-stage e-Delphi process and a summarising workshop, a group of European asthma experts including health professionals, researchers, people with asthma and industry representatives ranked the potential impact of research investment in each technique or tool for asthma diagnosis and monitoring...
December 31, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288573/omalizumab-treats-chronic-rhinosinusitis-with-nasal-polyps-and-asthma-together-a-real-life-study
#19
T Bidder, J Sahota, C Rennie, V J Lund, D S Robinson, H H Kariyawasam
INTRODUCTION: Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) and asthma often coexist and thus treating both with one intervention is an attractive strategy. OBJECTIVE: To prospectively evaluate whether treatment with the monoclonal antibody against IgE Omalizumab for severe allergic asthma also effectively treats co-existent CRSwNP. METHODS: SNOT-22 and the ACQ-7 scores were recorded at 4 and 16 weeks of treatment in a cohort of patients with both CRSwNP and severe refractory allergic asthma treated with Omalizumab (n=13) according to UK guidelines for their severe asthma...
December 30, 2017: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284473/involvements-of-p38-mapk-and-oxidative-stress-in-the-ozone-induced-enhancement-of-ahr-and-pulmonary-inflammation-in-an-allergic-asthma-model
#20
Aihua Bao, Hong Yang, Jie Ji, Yuqin Chen, Wuping Bao, Feng Li, Min Zhang, Xin Zhou, Qiang Li, Suqin Ben
BACKGROUND: Exposure to ambient ozone (O3) increases the susceptivity to allergens and triggers exacerbations in patients with asthma. However, the detailed mechanisms of action for O3 to trigger asthma exacerbations are still unclear. METHODS: An ovalbumin (OVA)-established asthmatic mouse model was selected to expose to filtered air (OVA-model) or 1.0 ppm O3 (OVA-O3 model) during the process of OVA challenge. Next, the possible involvements of p38 MAPK and oxidative stress in the ozone actions on the asthma exacerbations were investigated on the mice of OVA-O3 model by treating them with SB239063 (a p38 MAPK inhibitor), and/or the α-tocopherol (antioxidant)...
December 29, 2017: Respiratory Research
keyword
keyword
51753
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"