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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779201/clinical-acceptability-of-trimetazidine-modified-release-80-mg-once-daily-versus-trimetazidine-modified-release-35-mg-twice-daily-in-stable-angina-pectoris
#1
Yuri M Pozdnyakov
INTRODUCTION: Trimetazidine (TMZ) is an anti-ischemic metabolic agent that has been shown to be efficacious in angina treatment, both in monotherapy and in combination. A new formulation of TMZ modified-release (MR) 80 mg was developed, which is to be taken once daily (od), instead of twice daily (bid) for the currently available TMZ MR 35 mg, with the aim of simplifying the medication regimen. METHODS: The present study was an international, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group phase III study with a 12-week treatment period...
May 19, 2018: Cardiology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770876/reliability-and-validity-of-the-eating-assessment-tool-10-greek-adaptation-in-neurogenic-and-head-and-neck-cancer-related-oropharyngeal-dysphagia
#2
Athanasia Printza, Athanasios Kyrgidis, Elena Pavlidou, Stefanos Triaridis, Jannis Constantinidis
PURPOSE: Dysphagia is a symptom associated with significant morbidity and mortality, with profound impact on physical ability and quality of life. Many questionnaires have been used to assess patient-reported dysphagia, but issues related to developmental and measurement properties affect their wide applicability. The purpose of this study was to assess the validity and reliability of the Eating Assessment Tool-10 (EAT-10, Greek adaptation) in neurogenic and head and neck cancer-related dysphagia...
May 17, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767911/analysis-of-the-concept-of-powerlessness-in-individuals-with-stroke
#3
Renan Alves Silva, Álissan Karine Lima Martins, Natália Barreto de Castro, Anna Virgínia Viana, Howard Karl Butcher, Viviane Martins da Silva
OBJECTIVES: To identify and analyze the concept of the powerlessness in individuals with stroke, according to the NANDA-I Taxonomy. METHODS: Concept analysis from online access of four databases using the descriptors: impotence; helplessness, learned; Stroke, depression in languages: Portuguese, English and Spanish. RESULTS: The critical attributes of the feeling of powerlessness are: fragility, helplessness, lack of control, and power to achieve the proposed results for recovery and adaptation...
October 2017: Investigación y Educación en Enfermería
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767825/-palliative-sedation-development-and-consensus-of-a-german-language-documentation-template
#4
C Klein, C Wittmann, K N Wendt, C Ostgathe, S Stiel
BACKGROUND: Palliative sedation (PS) serves as a therapeutic option in cases of otherwise intractable suffering. As the use of sedative and hypnotic medication in many diverse situations is a core competency of anesthesiology, anesthesiologists are confronted with questions of sedative therapy at the end of life in institutions for specialized palliative care, in intensive care units and intermediate care wards. In recent years a number of guidelines have been published internationally but so far no official guidelines exist in Germany...
May 16, 2018: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767737/recent-issues-in-the-use-of-signed-language-assessments-for-diagnosis-of-language-disorders-in-signing-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-children
#5
Jon Henner, Rama Novogrodsky, Jeanne Reis, Robert Hoffmeister
In recent years, normed signed language assessments have become a useful tool for researchers, practitioners, and advocates. Nevertheless, there are limitations in their application, particularly for the diagnosis of language disorders, and learning disabilities. Here, we discuss some of the available normed, signed language assessments and some of their limitations. We have also provided information related to practices that should lead to improvement in the quality of signed language assessments.
May 15, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763271/adults-with-developmental-disabilities-a-comprehensive-approach-to-medical-care
#6
Clarissa Kripke
Developmental disabilities are attributable to a cognitive impairment, physical impairment, or both. They manifest during the developmental period from birth to early adulthood, and are likely to continue indefinitely. The life expectancy of most persons with developmental disabilities now approaches that of the general population. According to the neurodiversity model of care, developmental disability is accepted as a valued part of human neurologic diversity. The social model focuses on improving participation in society with accommodations such as adaptive equipment or improvements to the social and physical environment...
May 15, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733368/comparing-semantic-fluency-in-american-sign-language-and-english
#7
Zed Sevcikova Sehyr, Marcel R Giezen, Karen Emmorey
This study investigated the impact of language modality and age of acquisition on semantic fluency in American Sign Language (ASL) and English. Experiment 1 compared semantic fluency performance (e.g., name as many animals as possible in 1 min) for deaf native and early ASL signers and hearing monolingual English speakers. The results showed similar fluency scores in both modalities when fingerspelled responses were included for ASL. Experiment 2 compared ASL and English fluency scores in hearing native and late ASL-English bilinguals...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731473/deaf-children-and-their-families-sustainability-sign-language-and-equality
#8
Alys Young
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: American Annals of the Deaf
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731471/hearing-managers-of-deaf-workers-a-phenomenological-investigation-in-the-restaurant-industry
#9
Hayley Stokar, John Orwat
The study examined the experiences of hearing managers of Deaf restaurant employees regarding accommodation and social integration. Deaf workers who use American Sign Language have different social and accommodation needs than hearing coworkers, but most hearing managers are unfamiliar with these needs. Using stigma theory to frame issues of workplace accommodation and social integration, the researchers collected data through site observation and in-depth semistructured interviews with 6 hearing managers of high-volume restaurants and 6 Deaf employees...
2018: American Annals of the Deaf
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724554/complete-arch-accuracy-of-intraoral-scanners
#10
Joshua C Treesh, Peter C Liacouras, Robert M Taft, Daniel I Brooks, Sorana Raiciulescu, Daniel O Ellert, Gerald T Grant, Ling Ye
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Intraoral scanners have shown varied results in complete-arch applications. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the complete-arch accuracy of 4 intraoral scanners based on trueness and precision measurements compared with a known reference (trueness) and with each other (precision). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Four intraoral scanners were evaluated: CEREC Bluecam, CEREC Omnicam, TRIOS Color, and Carestream CS 3500...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718280/early-communication-development-of-children-with-auditory-brainstem-implants
#11
Laurie S Eisenberg, Dianne Hammes Ganguly, Amy S Martinez, Laurel M Fisher, Margaret E Winter, Jamie L Glater, Debra K Schrader, Janice Loggins, Eric P Wilkinson
The auditory brainstem implant (ABI) is an auditory sensory device that is surgically placed on the cochlear nucleus of the brainstem for individuals who are deaf but unable to benefit from a cochlear implant (CI) due to anatomical abnormalities of the cochlea and/or eighth nerve, specific disease processes, or temporal bone fractures. In the United States, the Food and Drug Administration has authorized a Phase I clinical trial to determine safety and feasibility of the ABI in up to 10 eligible young children who are deaf and either derived no benefit from the CI or were anatomically unable to receive a CI...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713121/-his-whole-nature-requires-development-education-school-life-and-deafness-in-wales-1850-1914
#12
Mike Mantin
The history of deaf education has focused heavily on one major issue: the role of sign language and the rise of oralism as a means of suppressing the use of signs. This was a crucial debate which affected the lives of deaf children, informed social and cultural attitudes towards deafness and in many cases spurred resistance from deaf communities. However, other aspects of daily school life and the curriculum of Victorian and Edwardian deaf schools have rarely been commented upon. Focusing on the Cambrian Institution for the Deaf and Dumb, Wales' first deaf institution, this article will examine the teaching of writing and moral, religious and industrial education, all of which constructed an image of the intellectual and moral capabilities of the deaf child...
November 2017: Social History of Medicine: the Journal of the Society for the Social History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710753/finger-language-recognition-based-on-ensemble-artificial-neural-network-learning-using-armband-emg-sensors
#13
Seongjung Kim, Jongman Kim, Soonjae Ahn, Youngho Kim
BACKGROUND: Deaf people use sign or finger languages for communication, but these methods of communication are very specialized. For this reason, the deaf can suffer from social inequalities and financial losses due to their communication restrictions. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we developed a finger language recognition algorithm based on an ensemble artificial neural network (E-ANN) using an armband system with 8-channel electromyography (EMG) sensors. METHODS: The developed algorithm was composed of signal acquisition, filtering, segmentation, feature extraction and an E-ANN based classifier that was evaluated with the Korean finger language (14 consonants, 17 vowels and 7 numbers) in 17 subjects...
April 18, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704935/epidemiology-of-pituitary-pars-intermedia-dysfunction-a-systematic-literature-review-of-clinical-presentation-disease-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#14
REVIEW
J L Ireland, C M McGowan
Pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction (PPID) is caused by an age-related degenerative disease of dopaminergic neurones. Despite its importance in equine practice, available information regarding its epidemiology is limited. This systematic review aimed to assess published literature to evaluate available evidence regarding the clinical presentation, prevalence and risk factors for PPID in horses and ponies. Electronic database searches were undertaken using a range of terms, and English language publications published prior to August 2016 were included...
May 2018: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701601/do-state-physician-health-programs-encourage-referrals-that-violate-the-americans-with-disabilities-act
#15
Nicholas D Lawson, J Wesley Boyd
The websites of many physician health programs provide lists describing signs of impairment or indications to refer physician-employees for evaluation and possible treatment. This study aimed (1) to determine how many of these descriptions likely provide physicians' employers with sufficient evidence to legally request mental health examinations under the general regulations of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA); and (2) to find out who they described. The authors applied US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission guidance documents and sought expert legal advice to evaluate the descriptions for their consistency with the ADA...
January 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697716/prevalence-of-posterior-disc-displacement-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-in-patients-with-temporomandibular-disorders-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#16
Shaista Afroz, Mio Naritani, Hidehiko Hosoki, Kenshi Takechi, Yoshihiro Okayama, Yoshizo Matsuka
AIMS: To assess the prevalence of posterior disc displacement (PDD) in patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD) through a systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis, as well as to assess features associated with PDD such as chief complaint, signs and symptoms, morphologic condyle and disc alterations, and PDD management. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in the US National Library of Medicine's PubMed/MEDLINE and Cochrane Library databases to identify all peer-reviewed, English-language manuscripts related to PDD...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696596/american-sign-language-interpreters-perceptions-of-barriers-to-healthcare-communication-in-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-patients
#17
Rachel E Hommes, Amy I Borash, Kari Hartwig, Donna DeGracia
Communication barriers between healthcare providers and patients contribute to health disparities and the effectiveness of health promotion messages. This is especially true regarding communication between providers and deaf and hard of hearing (HOH) patients due to lack of understanding of cultural and linguistic differences, ineffectiveness of various means of communication and level of health literacy within that population. This research aimed to identify American Sign Language (ASL) interpreters' perceptions of barriers to effective communication between deaf and HOH patients and healthcare providers...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696176/factors-associated-with-willingness-to-participate-in-a-vaccine-clinical-trial-among-elderly-hispanic-patients
#18
Sharon Rikin, Steven Shea, Philip LaRussa, Melissa Stockwell
A population specific understanding of barriers and facilitators to participation in clinical trials could improve recruitment of elderly and minority populations. We investigated how prior exposure to clinical trials and incentives were associated with likelihood of participation in a vaccine clinical trial through a questionnaire administered to 200 elderly patients in an academic general internal medicine clinic. Wilcoxon signed rank sum test compared likelihood of participation with and without monetary incentives...
September 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692740/language-patterns-discriminate-mild-depression-from-normal-sadness-and-euthymic-state
#19
Daria Smirnova, Paul Cumming, Elena Sloeva, Natalia Kuvshinova, Dmitry Romanov, Gennadii Nosachev
Objectives: Deviations from typical word use have been previously reported in clinical depression, but language patterns of mild depression (MD), as distinct from normal sadness (NS) and euthymic state, are unknown. In this study, we aimed to apply the linguistic approach as an additional diagnostic key for understanding clinical variability along the continuum of affective states. Methods: We studied 402 written reports from 124 Russian-speaking patients and 77 healthy controls (HC), including 35 cases of NS, using hand-coding procedures...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687014/prediction-in-a-visual-language-real-time-sentence-processing-in-american-sign-language-across-development
#20
Amy M Lieberman, Arielle Borovsky, Rachel I Mayberry
Prediction during sign language comprehension may enable signers to integrate linguistic and non-linguistic information within the visual modality. In two eyetracking experiments, we investigated American Sign language (ASL) semantic prediction in deaf adults and children (aged 4-8 years). Participants viewed ASL sentences in a visual world paradigm in which the sentence-initial verb was either neutral or constrained relative to the sentence-final target noun. Adults and children made anticipatory looks to the target picture before the onset of the target noun in the constrained condition only, showing evidence for semantic prediction...
2018: Language, Cognition and Neuroscience
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