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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149849/biobanking-in-israel-2016-17-expressed-perceptions-versus-real-life-enrollment
#1
Gideon Koren, Daniella Beller, Daphna Laifenfeld, Iris Grossman, Varda Shalev
BACKGROUND: As part of the preparations to establish a population-based biobank in a large Israeli health organization, we aimed to investigate through focus groups the knowledge, perceptions and attitudes of insured Israelis, toward biobanking, and then, after input from focus groups' participants, to empirically assess the impact of a revised recruitment process on recruitment rates. METHODS: 1) Six Focus group discussions were conducted (n = 10 per group) with individuals who had routine blood laboratory tests taken in the last 2 years...
November 17, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144184/rates-and-predictors-of-professional-interpreting-provision-for-patients-with-limited-english-proficiency-in-the-emergency-department-and-inpatient-ward
#2
Jennifer Ryan, Samantha Abbato, Ristan Greer, Petra Vayne-Bossert, Phillip Good
The provision of professional interpreting services in the hospital setting decreases communication errors of clinical significance and improves clinical outcomes. A retrospective audit was conducted at a tertiary referral adult hospital in Brisbane, Australia. Of 20 563 admissions of patients presenting to the hospital emergency department (ED) and admitted to a ward during 2013-2014, 582 (2.8%) were identified as requiring interpreting services. In all, 19.8% of admissions were provided professional interpreting services in the ED, and 26...
January 2017: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138204/health-literacy-in-italy-a-cross-sectional-study-protocol-to-assess-the-health-literacy-level-in-a-population-based-sample-and-to-validate-health-literacy-measures-in-the-italian-language
#3
Chiara Lorini, Francesca Santomauro, Maddalena Grazzini, Sarah Mantwill, Virginia Vettori, Vieri Lastrucci, Angela Bechini, Sara Boccalini, Alessandro Bussotti, Guglielmo Bonaccorsi
INTRODUCTION: Health literacy (HL) concerns the knowledge and competences necessary for people to meet complex health demands. The aims of this study are to assess the level of HL in a sample using the Italian version of the Newest Vital Sign and the association of HL and selected antecedents with health outcomes, and to develop and validate the Italian version of the three Brief Health Literacy Screeners, two subjective numeracy items and the short form and the short-short form of the European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136354/-minimal-holoprosencephaly-in-a-14q-deletion-syndrome-patient
#4
Elvio Della Giustina, Alessandro Iodice, Carlotta Spagnoli, Simona Giovannini, Daniele Frattini, Carlo Fusco, Giuseppe Gobbi, Marcella Zollino, Giovanni Neri
We report on a patient with terminal deletion of the long arm of chromosome 14 displaying brain interhemispheric fusion limited to the midline anterior frontal cortex associated with hypoplastic corpus callosum and incomplete rotation of the left hippocampus in a clinical setting of motor and intellectual disability with poor language, and social behavior abnormalities with aggressiveness. Some possible correlations between clinical signs and symptoms and various aspects of the complex brain malformation are briefly discussed and compared with other known abnormalities of chromosome 14...
December 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131457/neurodevelopmental-outcome-of-hiv-exposed-but-uninfected-infants-in-the-mother-and-infants-health-study-cape-town-south-africa
#5
Priscilla E Springer, Amy L Slogrove, Barbara Laughton, Julie A Bettinger, Henriëtte H Saunders, Christopher D Molteno, Mariana Kruger
OBJECTIVES: To compare neurodevelopmental outcomes of HIV-exposed uninfected (HEU) and HIV-unexposed uninfected (HUU) infants in a peri-urban South African population. HEU infants living in Africa face unique biological and environmental risks but uncertainty remains regarding their neurodevelopmen-tal outcome. This is partly due to lack of well-matched HUU comparison groups needed to adjust for confounding factors. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study of infants enrolled at birth from a low- risk midwife obstetric facility...
November 13, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130054/multimodal-integration-of-spontaneously-produced-representational-co-speech-gestures-an-fmri-study
#6
Jill Weisberg, Amy Lynn Hubbard, Karen Emmorey
To examine whether more ecologically valid co-speech gesture stimuli elicit brain responses consistent with those found by studies that relied on scripted stimuli, we presented participants with spontaneously produced, meaningful co-speech gesture during fMRI scanning (n = 28). Speech presented with gesture (versus either presented alone) elicited heightened activity in bilateral posterior superior temporal, premotor, and inferior frontal regions. Within left temporal and premotor, but not inferior frontal regions, we identified small clusters with superadditive responses, suggesting that these discrete regions support both sensory and semantic integration...
2017: Language, Cognition and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129838/sign-language-legislation-as-a-tool-for-sustainability
#7
Annika Pabsch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: American Annals of the Deaf
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129837/enabling-pedagogy-and-andragogy-for-21st-century-sign-language-users-and-learners
#8
Patricia Hermann-Shores
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: American Annals of the Deaf
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128371/assessments-of-neurocognitive-and-behavioral-function-in-the-mucopolysaccharidoses
#9
REVIEW
Elsa G Shapiro, Maria L Escolar, Kathleen A Delaney, John J Mitchell
The mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are a group of rare, inherited lysosomal storage disorders in which accumulation of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) leads to progressive tissue and organ dysfunction. In addition to a variety of somatic signs and symptoms, patients with rapidly progressing MPS I (Hurler), II, III, and VII can present with significant neurological manifestations, including impaired cognitive abilities, difficulties in language and speech, behavioral abnormalities, sleep problems, and/or seizures. Neurological symptoms have a substantial impact on the quality of life of MPS patients and their families...
September 15, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120113/hygiene-practices-in-removable-prosthodontics-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
S Papadiochou, G Polyzois
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the recent scientific evidence about the hygiene practices of removable prostheses relative to the effectiveness, colour and dimensional stability. This review aimed also to identify patients' attitudes and habits towards denture hygiene. METHODS: Three electronic databases (MEDLINE/PubMed, Scopus and Cochrane Library) were screened, in English language, between January 1995 and December 2016. A supplementary hand search in the reference list of the identified articles was also performed...
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116187/a-translational-study-on-looming-evoked-defensive-response-and-the-underlying-subcortical-pathway-in-autism
#11
Yu Hu, Zhuoming Chen, Lu Huang, Yue Xi, Bingxiao Li, Hong Wang, Jiajian Yan, Tatia M C Lee, Qian Tao, Kwok-Fai So, Chaoran Ren
Rapidly approaching objects indicating threats can induce defensive response through activating a subcortical pathway comprising superior colliculus (SC), lateral posterior nucleus (LP), and basolateral amygdala (BLA). Abnormal defensive response has been reported in autism, and impaired synaptic connections could be the underlying mechanism. Whether the SC-LP-BLA pathway processes looming stimuli abnormally in autism is not clear. Here, we found that looming-evoked defensive response is impaired in a subgroup of the valproic acid (VPA) mouse model of autism...
November 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114629/knee-osteoarthritis-after-reconstruction-of-isolated-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injuries-a-systematic-literature-review
#12
REVIEW
Compagnoni Riccardo, Catani Fabio, Randelli Pietro
Purpose  The aim of this review was to analyze the current literature on osteoarthritic evolution of knees without any combined meniscal or ligament lesions undergoing anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Methods  A PubMed/MEDLINE research was performed using the following keywords: "Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction" [Mesh] AND "Osteoarthritis, Knee" [Mesh]. Only English language literature and articles published after 2005 were included. Studies including concomitant meniscal tears, posterior cruciate or collateral ligament injuries, previous surgery in the affected knees, infections, osteochondral defects, loose bodies, synovial plica syndrome, and posteromedial or posterolateral corner injuries were not considered in this review...
March 2017: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106306/assessing-the-value-of-the-meaningful-use-clinical-summary-for-patients-and-families-with-pediatric-asthma
#13
Karen Colorafi, Lee Moua, Michele Shaw, David Ricker, Julie Postma
Electronic clinical summaries are innovations supported by the Electronic Health Record Incentive Program, known as "Meaningful Use" (MU). The MU clinical summary documents the shared understanding of the plan of care for patients and assists families in managing asthma-related health care. The purpose of this analysis was to identify the communicative value of the summaries to patients and families. Readability measurements, content analysis, and descriptive statistics were employed in a review of twenty clinical summaries and compared with provider encounter notes...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105308/first-encounters-repair-sequences-in-cross-signing
#14
Kang-Suk Byun, Connie de Vos, Anastasia Bradford, Ulrike Zeshan, Stephen C Levinson
Most human communication is between people who speak or sign the same languages. Nevertheless, communication is to some extent possible where there is no language in common, as every tourist knows. How this works is of some theoretical interest (Levinson, ). A nice arena to explore this capacity is when deaf signers of different languages meet for the first time and are able to use the iconic affordances of sign to begin communication. Here we focus on other-initiated repair (OIR), that is, where one signer makes clear he or she does not understand, thus initiating repair of the prior conversational turn...
November 3, 2017: Topics in Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102753/presacral-tarlov-cyst-as-an-unusual-cause-of-abdominal-pain-new-cases-and-literature-review
#15
REVIEW
Baichuan Wang, Feifei Pu, Qiang Wu, Zhicai Zhang, Zengwu Shao
BACKGROUND: The etiology of abdominal pain is sometimes difficult to be defined. A presacral Tarlov cyst is an unusual cause of abdominal pain. The unusual location of a presacral Tarlov cyst can lead to misdiagnosis and inappropriate treatment. To guide the appropriate diagnosis and treatment, we review the cause, clinical presentations, radiological features and management options of this extremely rare lesion. METHODS: We performed an English-language literature search using Pubmed and internet searching to identify reports of patients with presacral Tarlov cysts...
November 1, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097368/early-academic-achievement-in-children-with-isolated-clefts-a-population-based-study-in-england
#16
Kate Jane Fitzsimons, Lynn P Copley, Efrosini Setakis, Susan C Charman, Scott A Deacon, Lorraine Dearden, Jan H van der Meulen
OBJECTIVES: We used national data to study differences in academic achievement between 5-year-old children with an isolated oral cleft and the general population. We also assessed differences by cleft type. METHODS: Children born in England with an oral cleft were identified in a national cleft registry. Their records were linked to databases of hospital admissions (to identify additional anomalies) and educational outcomes. Z-scores (signed number of SD actual score is above national average) were calculated to make outcome scores comparable across school years and across six assessed areas (personal development, communication and language, maths, knowledge of world, physical development andcreative development)...
November 2, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096909/-assessment-of-mood-disorders-by-passive-data-gathering-the-concept-of-digital-phenotype-versus-psychiatrist-s-professional-culture
#17
A Bourla, F Ferreri, L Ogorzelec, C Guinchard, S Mouchabac
OBJECTIVES: The search for objective clinical signs is a constant practitioners' and researchers' concern in psychiatry. New technologies (embedded sensors, artificial intelligence) give an easier access to untapped information such as passive data (i.e. that do not require patient intervention). The concept of "digital phenotype" is emerging in psychiatry: a psychomotor alteration translated by accelerometer's modifications contrasting with the usual functioning of the subject, or the graphorrhea of patients presenting a manic episode which is replaced by an increase of SMS sent...
October 30, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074036/developmental-and-behavioral-aspects-of-mucopolysaccharidoses-with-brain-manifestations-neurological-signs-and-symptoms
#18
REVIEW
Elsa G Shapiro, Simon A Jones, Maria L Escolar
The mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are a group of rare, inherited lysosomal storage disorders, caused by mutations in lysosomal enzymes involved in the degradation of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). The resulting accumulation of GAGs in the body leads to widespread tissue and organ dysfunction. The spectrum, severity, and progression rate of clinical manifestations varies widely between and within the different MPS types. In addition to somatic signs and symptoms, which vary between the different MPS disorders, patients with MPS I, II, III, and VII present with significant neurological signs and symptoms, including impaired cognitive abilities, difficulties in language and speech, and/or behavioral and sleep problems...
August 26, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072018/-the-therapeutic-effect-of-acupuncture-on-cerebral-palsy-in-children-with-language-retardation-using-the-midnight-noon-ebb-flow-method-combined-with-syndrome-differentiation
#19
Xiang Du, Jia Chen, Kun Jiang, Zhao-Fang Wu, Song Liang
OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical effect of acupuncture treatment on cerebral palsy in children with language retardation using the Midnight-noon Ebb-flow method combined with syndrome differentiation. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-six children with cerebral palsy and language retardation were randomly divided into control group and treatment group. The control group received routine treatment for language rehabilitation, while the treatment group received acupuncture treatment using the Midnight-noon Ebb-flow method combined with syndrome differentiation for 3 months based on language rehabilitation...
August 25, 2017: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070063/availability-and-performance-of-image-video-based-vital-signs-monitoring-methods-a-systematic-review-protocol
#20
Mirae Harford, Jacqueline Catherall, Stephen Gerry, Duncan Young, Peter Watkinson
BACKGROUND: For many vital signs, monitoring methods require contact with the patient and/or are invasive in nature. There is increasing interest in developing still and video image-guided monitoring methods that are non-contact and non-invasive. We will undertake a systematic review of still and video image-based monitoring methods. METHODS: We will perform searches in multiple databases which include MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, Cochrane library, IEEE Xplore and ACM Digital Library...
October 25, 2017: Systematic Reviews
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