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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931014/phonological-memory-in-sign-language-relies-on-the-visuomotor-neural-system-outside-the-left-hemisphere-language-network
#1
Yuji Kanazawa, Kimihiro Nakamura, Toru Ishii, Toshihiko Aso, Hiroshi Yamazaki, Koichi Omori
Sign language is an essential medium for everyday social interaction for deaf people and plays a critical role in verbal learning. In particular, language development in those people should heavily rely on the verbal short-term memory (STM) via sign language. Most previous studies compared neural activations during signed language processing in deaf signers and those during spoken language processing in hearing speakers. For sign language users, it thus remains unclear how visuospatial inputs are converted into the verbal STM operating in the left-hemisphere language network...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913428/rubbery-electronics-and-sensors-from-intrinsically-stretchable-elastomeric-composites-of-semiconductors-and-conductors
#2
Hae-Jin Kim, Kyoseung Sim, Anish Thukral, Cunjiang Yu
A general strategy to impart mechanical stretchability to stretchable electronics involves engineering materials into special architectures to accommodate or eliminate the mechanical strain in nonstretchable electronic materials while stretched. We introduce an all solution-processed type of electronics and sensors that are rubbery and intrinsically stretchable as an outcome from all the elastomeric materials in percolated composite formats with P3HT-NFs [poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl) nanofibrils] and AuNP-AgNW (Au nanoparticles with conformally coated silver nanowires) in PDMS (polydimethylsiloxane)...
September 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903891/health-information-national-trends-survey-in-american-sign-language-hints-asl-protocol-for-the-cultural-adaptation-and-linguistic-validation-of-a-national-survey
#3
Poorna Kushalnagar, Raychelle Harris, Raylene Paludneviciene, TraciAnn Hoglind
BACKGROUND: The Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) collects nationally representative data about the American's public use of health-related information. This survey is available in English and Spanish, but not in American Sign Language (ASL). Thus, the exclusion of ASL users from these national health information survey studies has led to a significant gap in knowledge of Internet usage for health information access in this underserved and understudied population. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study are (1) to culturally adapt and linguistically translate the HINTS items to ASL (HINTS-ASL); and (2) to gather information about deaf people's health information seeking behaviors across technology-mediated platforms...
September 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903473/baseline-anatomical-assessment-of-the-uterus-and-ovaries-in-infertile-women-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence-on-which-assessment-methods-are-the-safest-and-most-effective-in-terms-of-improving-fertility-outcomes
#4
Sarah C Armstrong, Marian Showell, Elizabeth A Stewart, Robert W Rebar, Sheryl Vanderpoel, Cynthia M Farquhar
BACKGROUND: This review focuses on the initial presentation of women who suspect that they are infertile, and how best to assess the anatomy of their uterus and ovaries in order to investigate the cause of their infertility, and potentially improve desired fertility outcomes. This review was undertaken as part of a World Health Organization initiative to assess the evidence available to address guidance for the diagnosis and treatment of infertility within a global context. Providing access to care for infertile women will help to ease the psycho-social burdens, such as ostracization, intimate partner violence and other negative consequences of being involuntarily childless or unable to become pregnant despite desiring a biological child or children...
September 1, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902389/women-s-experiences-of-continuous-fetal-monitoring-a-mixed-methods-systematic-review
#5
Alexandra Crawford, Dexter Hayes, Edward D Johnstone, Alexander E P Heazell
INTRODUCTION: Antepartum stillbirth is often preceded by detectable signs of fetal compromise, including changes in fetal heart rate and movement. It is hypothesised that continuous fetal monitoring could detect these signs more accurately and objectively than current forms of fetal monitoring and allow for timely intervention. This systematic review aimed to explore available evidence on women's experiences of continuous fetal monitoring to investigate its acceptability prior to clinical implementation and to inform clinical studies...
September 13, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901005/delivery-arrangements-for-health-systems-in-low-income-countries-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#6
REVIEW
Agustín Ciapponi, Simon Lewin, Cristian A Herrera, Newton Opiyo, Tomas Pantoja, Elizabeth Paulsen, Gabriel Rada, Charles S Wiysonge, Gabriel Bastías, Lilian Dudley, Signe Flottorp, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Sebastian Garcia Marti, Claire Glenton, Charles I Okwundu, Blanca Peñaloza, Fatima Suleman, Andrew D Oxman
BACKGROUND: Delivery arrangements include changes in who receives care and when, who provides care, the working conditions of those who provide care, coordination of care amongst different providers, where care is provided, the use of information and communication technology to deliver care, and quality and safety systems. How services are delivered can have impacts on the effectiveness, efficiency and equity of health systems. This broad overview of the findings of systematic reviews can help policymakers and other stakeholders identify strategies for addressing problems and improve the delivery of services...
September 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895436/evaluation-of-normative-data-of-a-widely-used-computerized-neuropsychological-battery-applicability-and-effects-of-sociodemographic-variables-in-a-dutch-sample
#7
Sophie J M Rijnen, Ikram Meskal, Wilco H M Emons, Carlijn A M Campman, Sophie D van der Linden, Karin Gehring, Margriet M Sitskoorn
INTRODUCTION: Central Nervous System Vital Signs (CNS VS) is a computerized neuropsychological battery that is translated into many languages. However, published CNS VS' normative data were established over a decade ago, are solely age-corrected, and collected in an American population only. METHOD: Mean performance of healthy Dutch participants on CNS VS was compared with the original CNS VS norms ( N = 1,069), and effects of sociodemographic variables were examined...
September 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894245/an-extremely-simple-macroscale-electronic-skin-realized-by-deep-machine-learning
#8
Kee-Sun Sohn, Jiyong Chung, Min-Young Cho, Suman Timilsina, Woon Bae Park, Myungho Pyo, Namsoo Shin, Keemin Sohn, Ji Sik Kim
Complicated structures consisting of multi-layers with a multi-modal array of device components, i.e., so-called patterned multi-layers, and their corresponding circuit designs for signal readout and addressing are used to achieve a macroscale electronic skin (e-skin). In contrast to this common approach, we realized an extremely simple macroscale e-skin only by employing a single-layered piezoresistive MWCNT-PDMS composite film with neither nano-, micro-, nor macro-patterns. It is the deep machine learning that made it possible to let such a simple bulky material play the role of a smart sensory device...
September 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886405/emotional-recognition-of-dynamic-facial-expressions-before-and-after-cochlear-implantation-in-adults-with-progressive-deafness
#9
Emmanuèle Ambert-Dahan, Anne-Lise Giraud, Halima Mecheri, Olivier Sterkers, Isabelle Mosnier, Séverine Samson
Visual processing has been extensively explored in deaf subjects in the context of verbal communication, through the assessment of speech reading and sign language abilities. However, little is known about visual emotional processing in adult progressive deafness, and after cochlear implantation. The goal of our study was thus to assess the influence of acquired post-lingual progressive deafness on the recognition of dynamic facial emotions that were selected to express canonical fear, happiness, sadness, and anger...
August 31, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885517/dissemination-of-a-child-passenger-safety-program-through-trauma-center-community-partnerships
#10
Christy M Adams, Catherine E Morris, Edgardo S Salcedo, James F Holmes
Improper child passenger restraint use contributes to higher pediatric motor vehicle collision morbidity and mortality among cultural minority populations. Child passenger safety education improves caregiver knowledge of restraint use, but effective interventions require culturally specific programming. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a child passenger safety education program culturally adapted through a pediatric trauma center's community partnerships. A nonexperimental observational cohort study using program evaluation data for the child passenger safety education programs during a 24-month period...
September 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878734/speech-and-voice-response-to-a-levodopa-challenge-in-late-stage-parkinson-s-disease
#11
Margherita Fabbri, Isabel Guimarães, Rita Cardoso, Miguel Coelho, Leonor Correia Guedes, Mario M Rosa, Catarina Godinho, Daisy Abreu, Nilza Gonçalves, Angelo Antonini, Joaquim J Ferreira
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) patients are affected by hypokinetic dysarthria, characterized by hypophonia and dysprosody, which worsens with disease progression. Levodopa's (l-dopa) effect on quality of speech is inconclusive; no data are currently available for late-stage PD (LSPD). OBJECTIVE: To assess the modifications of speech and voice in LSPD following an acute l-dopa challenge. METHOD: LSPD patients [Schwab and England score <50/Hoehn and Yahr stage >3 (MED ON)] performed several vocal tasks before and after an acute l-dopa challenge...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876215/deaf-families-unique-experiences-and-obstacles
#12
Audrey Frank
This article focuses on Deaf children of Deaf parents who grew up using American Sign Language (ASL) in Deaf culture. Deaf children of Deaf parents described their unique experiences of struggling with obstacles, including quality of education, low expectations from professionals, unwanted sympathy, mental health therapists' lack of cultural competency, and not being asked for valuable perspectives or advice. The advice from Deaf Children of Deaf Parents is included in the article. By bringing greater attention to this population, mental health, schools, and other professionals can increase their awareness of Deaf families' unique needs in their work environment...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873901/co-creation-learning-procedures-comparing-interactive-language-lessons-for-deaf-and-hearing-students
#13
Naotsune Hosono, Hiromitsu Inoue, Yutaka Tomita
This paper discusses co-creation learning procedures of second language lessons for deaf students, and sign language lessons by a deaf lecturer. The analyses focus on the learning procedure and resulting assessment, considering the disability. Through questionnaires ICT-based co-creative learning technologies are effective and efficient and promote spontaneous learning motivation goals.
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873814/interactive-games-with-an-assistive-robotic-system-for-hearing-impaired-children
#14
Pinar Uluer, Neziha Akalin, Cemal Gurpinar, Hatice Kose
This paper presents an assistive robotic system, which can recognize and express sign language words from a predefined set, within interactive games to communicate with and teach hearing-impaired children sign language. The robotic system uses audio, visual and tactile feedback for interaction with the children and the teacher/researcher.
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871020/intermittent-catheter-users-symptom-identification-description-and-management-of-urinary-tract-infection-a-qualitative-study
#15
Ikumi Okamoto, Jacqui Prieto, Miriam Avery, Katherine Moore, Mandy Fader, Samantha Sartain, Bridget Clancy
OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the views of intermittent catheter (IC) users regarding urinary tract infection (UTI) symptom presentation, terminology for describing signs and symptoms, the cause of UTI and management strategies. DESIGN: Qualitative study with semi-structured interviews. The transcribed text was analysed thematically. SETTING: 12 general practitioner (GP) surgeries in Hampshire and Dorset, UK. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of 30 IC users, aged over 18, using IC for at least 3 months who had at least one self-reported UTI since starting IC...
September 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857612/sign-language-as-virus-stigma-and-relationality-in-urban-india
#16
Michele Friedner
Drawing upon ethnographic research conducted in urban locations in India, I consider the relationship between stigma and contagion in the context of deaf peoples' desires for and practices of communication in Indian Sign Language. If sign language can be considered or represented as a virus-and if it spreads between and among deaf people upon exposure-what might cure differentially look like, in a time when cochlear implantation and oral-based early intervention is increasingly becoming normalized? Considering the impact of stigma on multiple forms of relationality, I argue that sign language's viral potentiality lies in its ability to transform and create new relationships and worlds...
August 31, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851777/signs-and-symptoms-preceding-the-diagnosis-of-alzheimer-s-disease-a-systematic-scoping-review-of-literature-from-1937-to-2016
#17
Fidelia Bature, Barbara-Ann Guinn, Dong Pang, Yannis Pappas
OBJECTIVE: Late diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) may be due to diagnostic uncertainties. We aimed to determine the sequence and timing of the appearance of established early signs and symptoms in people who are subsequently diagnosed with AD. METHODS: We used systematic review methodology to investigate the existing literature. Articles were reviewed in May 2016, using the following databases: MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, British Nursing Index, PubMed central and the Cochrane library, with no language restriction...
August 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828950/evaluation-of-interobserver-agreement-for-postoperative-pain-and-sedation-assessment-in-cats
#18
Javier Benito, Beatriz P Monteiro, Guy Beauchamp, B Duncan X Lascelles, Paulo V Steagall
OBJECTIVE To evaluate agreement between observers with different training and experience for assessment of postoperative pain and sedation in cats by use of a dynamic and interactive visual analog scale (DIVAS) and for assessment of postoperative pain in the same cats with a multidimensional composite pain scale (MCPS). DESIGN Randomized, controlled, blinded study. ANIMALS 45 adult cats undergoing ovariohysterectomy. PROCEDURES Cats received 1 of 3 preoperative treatments: bupivacaine, IP; meloxicam, SC with saline (0...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822620/medications-and-adverse-voice-effects
#19
Kátia Nemr, Ariana Di Carlos Silva, Danilo de Albuquerque Rodrigues, Marcia Simões Zenari
OBJECTIVES: To identify the medications used by patients with dysphonia, describe the voice symptoms reported on initial speech-language pathology (SLP) examination, evaluate the possible direct and indirect effects of medications on voice production, and determine the association between direct and indirect adverse voice effects and self-reported voice symptoms, hydration and smoking habits, comorbidities, vocal assessment, and type and degree of dysphonia. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821674/how-auditory-experience-differentially-influences-the-function-of-left-and-right-superior-temporal-cortices
#20
Tae Twomey, Dafydd Waters, Cathy J Price, Samuel Evans, Mairéad MacSweeney
To investigate how hearing status, sign language experience and task demands influence functional responses in the human superior temporal cortices (STC) we collected fMRI data from deaf and hearing participants (male and female), who either acquired sign language early or late in life. Our stimuli in all tasks were pictures of objects. We varied the linguistic and visuospatial processing demands in three different tasks that involved decisions about (1) the sublexical (phonological) structure of the British Sign Language (BSL) signs for the objects; (2) the semantic category of the objects; and (3) the physical features of the objects...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
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