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sign language

Haiyan Wang, Linyi Li, Ling Ling Qin, Yanan Song, Josep Vidal-Alaball, Tong Hua Liu
BACKGROUND: Vitamin B12 deficiency is common, and the incidence increases with age. Most people with vitamin B12 deficiency are treated in primary care with intramuscular (IM) vitamin B12 . Doctors may not be prescribing oral vitamin B12 formulations because they may be unaware of this option or have concerns regarding its effectiveness. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of oral vitamin B12 versus intramuscular vitamin B12 for vitamin B12 deficiency. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, and LILACS, as well as the WHO ICTRP and ClinicalTrials...
March 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Lozina Shoaib, Sharifullah Khan, Muhammad Azeem Abbas, Ahmad Salman
OBJECTIVE: To mitigate the communication barriers of profound hearing-impaired children by enabling their word articulation ability. METHODS: This pre-experimental pilot study was conducted from September 2016 to March 2017 at the National Special Education Centre for Hearing Impaired Children, Islamabad, Pakistan, and comprised deaf children of both genders aged 5-8 years. A specially designed software application for lip-reading was employed to help the subjects articulate words...
March 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Neina F Ferguson, Julie M Estis
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine if brief video-recorded patient simulation training increased students' ability to assess feeding skills in preterm infants. Method: Baccalaureate-level nursing students (N = 52) and graduate-level speech-language pathology students (N = 42) were randomized to 1 of 2 groups: didactic training (N = 51) or didactic training plus video simulation (N = 43). Outcome measures included knowledge test scores, calculated clinical judgment scores, and clinical marker documentation accuracy...
March 9, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
M Simermann, S Rothenburger, B Auburtin, J-M Hascoët
INTRODUCTION: Denial of pregnancy remains a phenomenon little known to healthcare professionals. Yet its repercussions are far from negligible. The aim of this study was to assess whether denial of pregnancy has an impact on the infant's development. PATIENTS AND METHOD: This prospective study included 51 full-term infants born in Nancy Regional Maternity Hospital between 1 January 2009 and 30 June 2015. In this study, the development of the children was followed longitudinally...
March 7, 2018: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Adam Schembri, Jordan Fenlon, Kearsy Cormier, Trevor Johnston
This paper examines the possible relationship between proposed social determinants of morphological 'complexity' and how this contributes to linguistic diversity, specifically via the typological nature of the sign languages of deaf communities. We sketch how the notion of morphological complexity, as defined by Trudgill (2011), applies to sign languages. Using these criteria, sign languages appear to be languages with low to moderate levels of morphological complexity. This may partly reflect the influence of key social characteristics of communities on the typological nature of languages...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Ineke Fengler, Pia-Céline Delfau, Brigitte Röder
It is yet unclear whether congenitally deaf cochlear implant (CD CI) users' visual and multisensory emotion perception is influenced by their history in sign language acquisition. We hypothesized that early-signing CD CI users, relative to late-signing CD CI users and hearing, non-signing controls, show better facial expression recognition and rely more on the facial cues of audio-visual emotional stimuli. Two groups of young adult CD CI users-early signers (ES CI users; n = 11) and late signers (LS CI users; n = 10)-and a group of hearing, non-signing, age-matched controls (n = 12) performed an emotion recognition task with auditory, visual, and cross-modal emotionally congruent and incongruent speech stimuli...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Valantis Fyndanis, Giorgio Arcara, Rita Capasso, Paraskevi Christidou, Serena De Pellegrin, Marialuisa Gandolfi, Lambros Messinis, Evgenia Panagea, Panagiotis Papathanasopoulos, Nicola Smania, Carlo Semenza, Gabriele Miceli
Recent studies by Bastiaanse and colleagues found that time reference is selectively impaired in people with nonfluent agrammatic aphasia, with reference to the past being more difficult to process than reference to the present or to the future. To account for this dissociation, they formulated the PAst DIscourse LInking Hypothesis (PADILIH), which posits that past reference is more demanding than present/future reference because it involves discourse linking. There is some evidence that this hypothesis can be applied to people with fluent aphasia as well...
March 7, 2018: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
Caroline Jones, Mridula Sharma, Samantha Harkus, Catherine McMahon, Mele Taumoepeau, Katherine Demuth, Karen Mattock, Lee Rosas, Raelene Wing, Sulabha Pawar, Anne Hampshire
BACKGROUND: Indigenous infants and children in Australia, especially in remote communities, experience early and chronic otitis media (OM) which is difficult to treat and has lifelong impacts in health and education. The LiTTLe Program (Learning to Talk, Talking to Learn) aimed to increase infants' access to spoken language input, teach parents to manage health and hearing problems, and support children's school readiness. This paper aimed to explore caregivers' views about this inclusive, parent-implemented early childhood program for 0-3 years in an Aboriginal community health context...
March 6, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Renato S Procianoy, Andrea Lucia A Corso, Maria Gabriela Longo, Leonardo Vedolin, Rita C Silveira
OBJECTIVE: To determine the neurodevelopment outcomes after Therapeutic Hypothermia for Neonatal Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy (HIE) and identify the neonatal Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) findings associated with neurological outcome in a middle-income country. STUDY DESIGN: All infants born after 35 completed weeks' gestation with signs of moderate to severe encephalopathy and evidence of perinatal asphyxia before 6 hours of life were submitted to whole-body hypothermia and were imaged at 18 ± 8...
March 4, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Yifei He, Miriam Steines, Gebhard Sammer, Arne Nagels, Tilo Kircher, Benjamin Straube
Language and action have been thought of as closely related. Comprehending words or phrases that are related to actions commonly activates motor and premotor areas, and this comprehension process interacts with action preparation and/or execution. However, it remains unclear whether comprehending action-related language interacts with action observation. In the current study, we examined whether the observation of tool-use gesture subjects to interaction with language. In an electroencephalography (EEG) study (n = 20), participants were presented with video clips of an actor performing tool-use (TU, e...
March 2, 2018: Brain Topography
Arno Vogel
Cochlear implantation in children with deaf or severely hearing-impaired parents is possible. It is necessary to organize intensive auditory-verbal training before the children undergo implantation. Success of the children depends on mediators supporting the parents. These children grow up bilingually: sign language and spoken language. They can attend schools for the hard-of-hearing or regular schools for the hearing.
March 2018: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
Rujuta B Wilson, Peter G Enticott, Nicole J Rinehart
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Motor impairments in neurodevelopmental disorders, specifically autism spectrum disorder (ASD), are prevalent and pervasive. Moreover, motor impairments may be the first sign of atypical development in ASD and likely contribute to abnormalities in social communication. However, measurement of motor function in ASD has lagged behind other behavioral phenotyping. Quantitative and neurodiagnostic measures of motor function can help identify specific motor impairments in ASD and the underlying neural mechanisms that might be implicated...
April 2018: Current Opinion in Neurology
Usama Bin Zubair, Humza Mumtaz, Sawera Mansoor
Profound deafness is a lifelong impairment, leading to the physical disability as well as poor psychological adjustment. We herein present a mental health disorder rarely seen among the patients of profound deafness. A 16-year deaf and dumb girl, previously treated for depression, presented with unusual laughter, irritability, flight of ideas, decreased sleep, ideas of self importance, and decreased social functioning and educational performance. These problems were understood by the parents via sign language, who interpreted them to the interviewer...
March 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Julia A Silvestri, Ye Wang
The purpose of the study was to uncover and describe psycholinguistic and sociocognitive factors facilitating effective reading by signing adults who are profoundly deaf and do not use hearing technology. The sample comprised four groups, each consisting of 15 adults, for a total of 60 participants. The four groups were deaf high-achieving, deaf low-achieving, hearing high-achieving, and hearing low-achieving. Measurements included a language background interview and think-aloud reading discussion. Through the lens of a grounded theory approach, the conditions that facilitate effective reading were uncovered-by coding and categorizing themes, relating the codes and categories, and determining a central theme...
2018: American Annals of the Deaf
H Perry, E Sheehan, B Thilaganathan, A Khalil
OBJECTIVE: The majority of patients with chronic or gestational hypertension do not develop pre-eclampsia. Home blood-pressure monitoring (HBPM) has the potential to offer a more accurate and acceptable means of monitoring hypertensive patients during pregnancy compared with traditional pathways of frequent outpatient monitoring. The aim of this study was to determine whether HBPM reduces visits to antenatal services and is safe in pregnancy. METHODS: This was a case-control study of 166 hypertensive pregnant women, which took place at St George's Hospital, University of London...
February 22, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Gianfranco Dalla Barba, Barbara Guerin, Marta Brazzarola, Sara Marangoni, Claudia Barbera, Valentina La Corte
Confabulation is an unusual sign in neurological and in neuropsychological pathologies. In this article we present an objective neuropsychological instrument, the Confabulation Battery (CB), which allows the quantifying and qualifying of different types of confabulations. The CB was administered to French and Italian normal participants. Data from the present study will allow clinicians and researchers, using the CB, to know how much and in which memory domains their confabulating patients confabulate compared to normal participants...
February 21, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Nicolas Fay, Bradley Walker, Nik Swoboda, Simon Garrod
Human cognition and behavior are dominated by symbol use. This paper examines the social learning strategies that give rise to symbolic communication. Experiment 1 contrasts an individual-level account, based on observational learning and cognitive bias, with an inter-individual account, based on social coordinative learning. Participants played a referential communication game in which they tried to communicate a range of recurring meanings to a partner by drawing, but without using their conventional language...
February 19, 2018: Cognitive Science
Maja Svrakic
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Reports of patients with concurrent middle and inner ear anomalies are rare. These patients present a surgical challenge for cochlear implantation. The surgical risk must be weighed against the predicted benefit of the patient's hearing outcome and subsequent development of speech and language as well as their quality of life. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: Thirteen-year-old boy presented to the Otology clinic for auditory rehabilitation options...
February 17, 2018: Cochlear Implants International
Claus Sixtus Jensen, Pia Bonde Nielsen, Hanne Vebert Olesen, Hans Kirkegaard, Hanne Aagaard
PURPOSE: Pediatric early warning score (PEWS) systems are used to monitor pediatric patients' vital signs and facilitate the treatment of patients at risk of deteriorating. The aim of this study was to gain knowledge about nurses' experiences with PEWS and to highlight factors facilitating and impeding the use of PEWS tools in clinical practice. DESIGN AND METHODS: An exploratory qualitative design was chosen using focus group interviews to gain a deeper understanding of nurses' experiences with PEWS...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Dolors Rodríguez-Martín, Catalina Rodríguez-García, Anna Marta Falcó-Pegueroles
ABSTRAT Blackground: Communication is a key factor in people's interaction with the health system. In the case of Deaf Community -deaf sign language users- healthcare interactions could be affected by communication in a society that is mainly hearing and consequently, it can also have a negative impact on health and jeopardise some of their health rights. OBJECTIVES: . The aims were (i) to know the communication access difficulties of deaf people in healthcare context and (ii) determine how these difficulties violate their rights...
February 16, 2018: Contemporary Nurse
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