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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431488/core-vocabulary-of-young-children-with-down-syndrome
#1
Stijn R J M Deckers, Yvonne Van Zaalen, Hans Van Balkom, Ludo Verhoeven
The aim of this study was to develop a core vocabulary list for young children with intellectual disabilities between 2 and 7 years of age because data from this population are lacking in core vocabulary literature. Children with Down syndrome are considered one of the most valid reference groups for researching developmental patterns in children with intellectual disabilities; therefore, spontaneous language samples of 30 Dutch children with Down syndrome were collected during three different activities with multiple communication partners (free play with parents, lunch- or snack-time at home or at school, and speech therapy sessions)...
June 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431458/reclaiming-our-spirits-development-and-pilot-testing-of-a-health-promotion-intervention-for-indigenous-women-who-have-experienced-intimate-partner-violence
#2
Colleen Varcoe, Annette J Browne, Marilyn Ford-Gilboe, Madeleine Dion Stout, Holly McKenzie, Roberta Price, Victoria Bungay, Victoria Smye, Jane Inyallie, Linda Day, Koushambhi Khan, Angela Heino, Marilyn Merritt-Gray
Indigenous women are subjected to high rates of multiple forms of violence, including intimate partner violence (IPV), in the context of ongoing colonization and neo-colonization. Health promotion interventions for women who experience violence have not been tailored specifically for Indigenous women. Reclaiming Our Spirits (ROS) is a health promotion intervention designed for Indigenous women living in an urban context in Canada. In this paper, we describe the development of the intervention, results of a pilot study, and the revised subsequent intervention...
April 21, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430755/differentiating-delirium-from-sedative-hypnotic-related-iatrogenic-withdrawal-syndrome-lack-of-specificity-in-pediatric-critical-care-assessment-tools
#3
Kate Madden, Michele M Burns, Robert C Tasker
OBJECTIVES: To identify available assessment tools for sedative/hypnotic iatrogenic withdrawal syndrome and delirium in PICU patients, the evidence supporting their use, and describe areas of overlap between the components of these tools and the symptoms of anticholinergic burden in children. DATA SOURCES: Studies were identified using PubMed and EMBASE from the earliest available date until July 3, 2016, using a combination of MeSH terms "delirium," "substance withdrawal syndrome," and key words "opioids," "benzodiazepines," "critical illness," "ICU," and "intensive care...
April 20, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430294/grn-mutation-in-a-patient-with-a-behavioral-variant-of-frontotemporal-lobar-degeneration-bvftd
#4
Sylwia Walczysková, Pavel Ressner, Šárka Hilscherová, Jaroslav Kotlas, Jiří Konrád, Věnceslava Svobodová
<i>The clinical spectrum of frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) is characterized by personality changes, language impairment, and executive function deficits. About 40% of FTLD cases have a family history of the disease, and the GRN gene is currently the most frequent genetic determinant. In cases of inherited FTLD with GRN mutations, parkinsonism is often an early sign due to greater grey matter atrophy in the caudate nucleus and bilateral atrophy in the thalamus. We investigated a female patient with signs of frontotemporal lobe atrophy and unilateral caudate nucleus atrophy on MRI...
2017: Folia Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427030/the-relationship-between-sign-production-and-sign-comprehension-what-handedness-reveals
#5
Freya Watkins, Robin L Thompson
Unlike the phonological loop in spoken language monitoring, sign language users' own production provides mostly proprioceptive feedback and only minimal visual feedback. Here we investigate whether sign production influences sign comprehension by exploiting hand dominance in a picture-sign matching task performed by left-handed signers and right-handed signers. Should all signers perform better to right-handed input, this would suggest that a frequency effect in sign perception drives comprehension. However, if signers perform better to congruent-handed input, this would implicate the production system's role in comprehension...
April 17, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425326/validity-reliability-and-sensitivity-of-the-norla-6-naming-and-oral-reading-for-language-in-aphasia-6-point-scale
#6
Laura L Pitts, Rosalind Hurwitz, Jaime B Lee, Julia Carpenter, Leora R Cherney
PURPOSE: Evaluation of the Naming and Oral Reading for Language in Aphasia 6-point scale (NORLA-6), a scoring system of oral reading and naming performance in aphasia. METHOD: Data were drawn from 91 participants with non-fluent aphasia secondary to left-hemisphere stroke across four treatment studies. To assess validity, Spearman's correlations were calculated between the NORLA-6 and the Gray Oral Reading Test-Fourth Edition (GORT-4) Accuracy score, GORT-4 Rate score and the Boston Naming Test (BNT)...
February 8, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423782/developing-a-manually-annotated-corpus-of-clinical-letters-for-breast-cancer-patients-on-routine-follow-up
#7
Graham Pitson, Patricia Banks, Lawrence Cavedon, Karin Verspoor
This paper introduces the annotation schema and annotation process for a corpus of clinical letters describing the disease course and treatment of oestrogen receptor positive breast cancer patients, after completion of primary surgery and radiotherapy treatment. Concepts related to therapy, clinical signs, and recurrence, as well as relationships linking these, are identified and annotated in 200 letters. This corpus will provide the basis for development of natural language processing tools for automatic extraction of key clinical factors from such letters...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422578/korean-version-of-the-mini-mental-state-examination-using-smartphone-a-validation-study
#8
Hae-Yeon Park, Sung-Soo Jeon, Jin-Youn Lee, Ah-Ra Cho, Joo Hyun Park
BACKGROUND: Stroke often leads to disability, and poststroke survivors often have limited accessibility to medical facilities. INTRODUCTION: For such patients, mobile videoconferencing technology offers an opportunity to perform follow-up assessment and appropriate management of cognitive impairment. We aimed to determine the validity of the Korean version of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE-K) when administered using a smartphone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty patients with ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke were included in this study (20 males, 10 females; mean age, 69...
April 19, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419769/nurse-practitioner-perceptions-of-barriers-and-facilitators-in-providing-health-care-for-deaf-american-sign-language-users-a-qualitative-socio-ecological-approach
#9
Kathy M Pendergrass, Lynne Nemeth, Susan D Newman, Carolyn M Jenkins, Elaine G Jones
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Nurse practitioners (NPs), as well as all healthcare clinicians, have a legal and ethical responsibility to provide health care for deaf American Sign Language (ASL) users equal to that of other patients, including effective communication, autonomy, and confidentiality. However, very little is known about the feasibility to provide equitable health care. The purpose of this study was to examine NP perceptions of barriers and facilitators in providing health care for deaf ASL users...
April 17, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416204/-they-must-understand-we-are-people-pregnancy-and-maternity-service-use-among-signing-deaf-women-in-cape-town
#10
Margaret W Gichane, Marion Heap, Mayara Fontes, Leslie London
BACKGROUND: Women with disabilities are at disproportionate risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes, however, there is limited information on their pregnancy histories. This mixed-methods study focuses on signing Deaf women whose access to health care may be compromised by language barriers related to their disability. OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare the pregnancy outcomes and maternity service use of a sample of signing Deaf women of child-bearing age in Cape Town to the population of the Western Cape of South Africa...
April 6, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410421/phylo-node-a-molecular-phylogenetic-toolkit-using-node-js
#11
Damien M O'Halloran
BACKGROUND: Node.js is an open-source and cross-platform environment that provides a JavaScript codebase for back-end server-side applications. JavaScript has been used to develop very fast and user-friendly front-end tools for bioinformatic and phylogenetic analyses. However, no such toolkits are available using Node.js to conduct comprehensive molecular phylogenetic analysis. RESULTS: To address this problem, I have developed, phylo-node, which was developed using Node...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408872/social-interaction-affects-neural-outcomes-of-sign-language-learning-as-a-foreign-language-in-adults
#12
Noriaki Yusa, Jungho Kim, Masatoshi Koizumi, Motoaki Sugiura, Ryuta Kawashima
Children naturally acquire a language in social contexts where they interact with their caregivers. Indeed, research shows that social interaction facilitates lexical and phonological development at the early stages of child language acquisition. It is not clear, however, whether the relationship between social interaction and learning applies to adult second language acquisition of syntactic rules. Does learning second language syntactic rules through social interactions with a native speaker or without such interactions impact behavior and the brain? The current study aims to answer this question...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407510/implicit-co-activation-of-american-sign-language-in-deaf-readers-an-erp-study
#13
Gabriela Meade, Katherine J Midgley, Zed Sevcikova Sehyr, Phillip J Holcomb, Karen Emmorey
In an implicit phonological priming paradigm, deaf bimodal bilinguals made semantic relatedness decisions for pairs of English words. Half of the semantically unrelated pairs had phonologically related translations in American Sign Language (ASL). As in previous studies with unimodal bilinguals, targets in pairs with phonologically related translations elicited smaller negativities than targets in pairs with phonologically unrelated translations within the N400 window. This suggests that the same lexicosemantic mechanism underlies implicit co-activation of a non-target language, irrespective of language modality...
April 10, 2017: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400265/convergence-of-semantics-and-emotional-expression-within-the-ifg-pars-orbitalis
#14
Michel Belyk, Steven Brown, Jessica Lim, Sonja A Kotz
Humans communicate through a combination of linguistic and emotional channels, including propositional speech, writing, sign language, music, but also prosodic, facial, and gestural expression. These channels can be interpreted separately or they can be integrated to multimodally convey complex meanings. Neural models of the perception of semantics and emotion include nodes for both functions in the inferior frontal gyrus pars orbitalis (IFGorb). However, it is not known whether this convergence involves a common functional zone or instead specialized subregions that process semantics and emotion separately...
April 8, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389383/flexible-rapid-and-automatic-neocortical-word-form-acquisition-mechanism-in-children-as-revealed-by-neuromagnetic-brain-response-dynamics
#15
Eino Partanen, Alina Leminen, Stine de Paoli, Anette Bundgaard, Osman Skjold Kingo, Peter Krøjgaard, Yury Shtyrov
Children learn new words and word forms with ease, often acquiring a new word after very few repetitions. Recent neurophysiological research on word form acquisition in adults indicates that novel words can be acquired within minutes of repetitive exposure to them, regardless of the individual's focused attention on the speech input. Although it is well-known that children surpass adults in language acquisition, the developmental aspects of such rapid and automatic neural acquisition mechanisms remain unexplored...
April 4, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387560/clinical-evaluation-of-the-concussed-athlete-a-view-from-the-sideline
#16
Margot Putukian
CONTEXT: The sideline assessment of concussion is challenging, given its variable presentations, the limited sensitivity and specificity of sideline assessment tools, and how the presentation of the injury evolves over time. In addition, the diagnostic process, as well as the tools used to assess and manage concussion, continue to progress as research and what we know about concussion advance. This paper focuses on the initial assessment on the sideline by reviewing the concussion-evaluation literature, drawing from clinical experience to emphasize a standardized approach, and underscoring the importance of both familiarity with the athlete and clinical judgment...
March 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382120/outcomes-of-late-implantation-in-usher-syndrome-patients
#17
Ana Cristina H Hoshino, Agustina Echegoyen, Maria Valéria Schmidt Goffi-Gomez, Robinson Koji Tsuji, Ricardo Ferreira Bento
Introduction Usher syndrome (US) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by hearing loss and progressive visual impairment. Some deaf Usher syndrome patients learn to communicate using sign language. During adolescence, as they start losing vision, they are usually referred to cochlear implantation as a salvage for their new condition. Is a late implantation beneficial to these children? Objective The objective of this study is to describe the outcomes of US patients who received cochlear implants at a later age...
April 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372477/dilated-cerebral-venous-system-observed-in-growth-restricted-fetuses
#18
Joel Baron, Salvatore Andrea Mastrolia, Ilan Shelef, Dan Tirosh, Etty Daniel-Spiegel, Reli Hershkovitz
PURPOSE: The dilation of the fetal cerebral veins is a rare phenomenon that may be associated to a bad obstetric outcome, and is usually connected to antenatal thrombosis of the posterior dural venous sinuses. There are several descriptions of cerebral vein distension on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), but all of them are detected postnatally. We present herein two cases of fetal antenatal cerebral dilation of the venous system, without any association to any sign of vein thrombosis, and a systematic review of literature regarding pathogenesis, diagnosis and outcomes associated to the antenatal detection of this condition with the use of MRI...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367460/the-impact-of-the-teachers-non-verbal-communication-on-success-in-teaching
#19
Fatemeh Bambaeeroo, Nasrin Shokrpour
INTRODUCTION: Non-verbal communication skills, also called sign language or silent language, include all behaviors performed in the presence of others or perceived either consciously or unconsciously. The main aim of this review article was to determine the effect of the teachers' non-verbal communication on success in teaching using the findings of the studies conducted on the relationship between quality of teaching and the teachers' use of non-verbal communication and also its impact on success in teaching...
April 2017: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364831/using-local-language-syndromic-terminology-in-participatory-epidemiology-lessons-for-one-health-practitioners-among-the-maasai-of-ngorongoro-tanzania
#20
Kevin Queenan, Peter Mangesho, Moses Ole-Neselle, Esron Karimuribo, Mark Rweyemamu, Richard Kock, Barbara Häsler
Pastoralists and agro-pastoralists often occupy remote and hostile environments, which lack infrastructure and capacity in human and veterinary healthcare and disease surveillance systems. Participatory epidemiology (PE) and Participatory Disease Surveillance (PDS) are particularly useful in situations of resource scarcity, where conventional diagnostics and surveillance data of disease prevalence may be intermittent or limited. Livestock keepers, when participating in PE studies about health issues, commonly use their local language terms, which are often syndromic and descriptive in nature...
April 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
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