keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Morphogen

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528141/portland-cement-induces-human-periodontal-ligament-cells-to-differentiate-by-upregulating-mir-146a
#1
Min-Ching Wang, Li-Yin Yeh, Wen-Yu Shih, Wan-Chun Li, Kuo-Wei Chang, Shu-Chun Lin
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Bioaggregates such as Portland cement (PC) can be an economical alternative for mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) with additional benefit of less discoloration. MTA has been known to induce differentiations of several dental cells. MicroRNAs are important regulators of biological processes, including differentiation, physiologic homeostasis, and disease progression. This study is to explore how PC enhances the differentiation of periodontal ligament (PDL) cells in microRNAs level...
May 18, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527696/essential-roles-of-g9a-in-cell-proliferation-and-differentiation-during-tooth-development
#2
Taichi Kamiunten, Hisashi Ideno, Akemi Shimada, Yoshinori Arai, Tatsuo Terashima, Yasuhiro Tomooka, Yoshiki Nakamura, Kazuhisa Nakashima, Hiroshi Kimura, Yoichi Shinkai, Makoto Tachibana, Akira Nifuji
Teeth develop through interactions between epithelial and mesenchymal tissues mediated by a signaling network comprised of growth factors and transcription factors However, little is known about how epigenetic modifiers affect signaling pathways and thereby regulate tooth formation. We previously reported that the histone 3 lysine 9 (H3K9) methyltransferase (MTase) G9a is specifically enriched in the tooth mesenchyme during mouse development. In this study, we investigated the functions of G9a in tooth development using G9a conditional knockout (KO) mice...
May 17, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526933/protection-of-tubular-epithelial-cells-during-renal-injury-via-post-transcriptional-control-of-bmp7
#3
Jiping Sun, Aiping Yin, Fei Zhao, Wenjing Zhang, Jia Lv, Jing Lv
Severe injury of renal tubular epithelial cells may cause acute renal failure, the progression of which results in renal fibrosis, and obstructive nephropathy. Transforming growth factor β 1 and bone morphogenic protein 7 (BMP7) play contradicting roles in and coordinate the process of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition of renal tubular epithelial cells, but the molecular regulation of BMP7 remains ill-defined. Here, we addressed this question. We found that after induction of unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) in mice, the increases in BMP7 mRNA were much more pronounced than BMP7 protein in kidney, suggesting the presence of post-transcriptional control of BMP7...
May 19, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514439/haematopoietic-stem-and-progenitor-cells-from-human-pluripotent-stem-cells
#4
Ryohichi Sugimura, Deepak Kumar Jha, Areum Han, Clara Soria-Valles, Edroaldo Lummertz da Rocha, Yi-Fen Lu, Jeremy A Goettel, Erik Serrao, R Grant Rowe, Mohan Malleshaiah, Irene Wong, Patricia Sousa, Ted N Zhu, Andrea Ditadi, Gordon Keller, Alan N Engelman, Scott B Snapper, Sergei Doulatov, George Q Daley
A variety of tissue lineages can be differentiated from pluripotent stem cells by mimicking embryonic development through stepwise exposure to morphogens, or by conversion of one differentiated cell type into another by enforced expression of master transcription factors. Here, to yield functional human haematopoietic stem cells, we perform morphogen-directed differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells into haemogenic endothelium followed by screening of 26 candidate haematopoietic stem-cell-specifying transcription factors for their capacity to promote multi-lineage haematopoietic engraftment in mouse hosts...
May 17, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513838/the-emerging-role-of-npnt-in-tissue-injury-repair-and-bone-homeostasis
#5
REVIEW
Youqiang Sun, Vincent Kuek, Heng Qiu, Jennifer Tickner, Leilei Chen, Haibin Wang, Wei He, Jiake Xu
Nephronectin (NPNT), a highly conserved extracellular matrix protein, plays an important role in regulating cell adhesion, differentiation, spreading and survival. NPNT protein belongs to epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like superfamily and exhibits several common structural determinants; including EGF-like repeat domains, MAM domain (Meprin, A5 Protein, and Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Phosphatase µ), RGD motif (Arg-Gly-Asp) and a coiled-coil domain. It regulates integrins-mediated signaling pathways via the interaction of its RGD motif with integrin α8β1...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513105/hair-follicle-specific-acvr1-alk2-critically-affects-skin-morphogenesis-and-attenuates-wound-healing
#6
Michael Sorkin, Shailesh Agarwal, Kavitha Ranganathan, Shawn Loder, David Cholok, David Fireman, John Li, Shuli Li, Bin Zhao, Yuji Mishina, Paul Cederna, Benjamin Levi
The bone morphogenic protein signaling (BMP) is intricately involved in the quiescence and regulation of stem cells through activation of BMP receptors. Hair follicle stem cells play a critical role in cutaneous homeostasis and regeneration. Here, we utilize a novel mouse model with targeted overexpression of the BMP receptor ALK2/ACVR1 in hair follicle stem cells, to characterize its role in skin development and postnatal wound healing. Initial histologic evaluation demonstrated significant dysregulation in hair follicle morphogenesis in mutant mice...
May 17, 2017: Wound Repair and Regeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506989/fgf-signaling-refines-wnt-gradients-to-regulate-patterning-of-taste-papillae
#7
Michaela Prochazkova, Teemu J Häkkinen, Jan Prochazka, Frantisek Spoutil, Andrew H Jheon, Youngwook Ahn, Robb Krumlauf, Jukka Jernvall, Ophir D Klein
The patterning of repeated structures is a major theme in developmental biology, and the interrelationship between spacing and size of such structures is an open question. Fungiform papillae are repeated epithelial structures that house taste buds on the anterior tongue. Here, we report that FGF signaling is a critical regulator of fungiform papillae development. We found that mesenchymal FGF10 controls the size of the papillary area, while overall patterning remains unchanged. Our results show that FGF signaling negatively affects the extent of canonical Wnt signaling, which is the main activation pathway during fungiform papillae development, but this effect does not occur at the level of gene transcription...
May 15, 2017: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486687/analysis-of-national-rates-cost-and-sources-of-cost-variation-in-adult-spinal-deformity
#8
Corinna C Zygourakis, Caterina Y Liu, Malla Keefe, Christopher Moriates, John Ratliff, R Adams Dudley, Ralph Gonzales, Praveen V Mummaneni, Christopher P Ames
BACKGROUND: Several studies suggest significant variation in cost for spine surgery, but there has been little research in this area for spinal deformity. OBJECTIVE: To determine the utilization, cost, and factors contributing to cost for spinal deformity surgery. METHODS: The cohort comprised 55 599 adults who underwent spinal deformity fusion in the 2001 to 2013 National Inpatient Sample database. Patient variables included age, gender, insurance, median income of zip code, county population, severity of illness, mortality risk, number of comorbidities, length of stay, elective vs nonelective case...
May 9, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484611/transcriptional-response-of-hoxb-genes-to-retinoid-signalling-is-regionally-restricted-along-the-neural-tube-rostrocaudal-axis
#9
Nicoletta Carucci, Emanuele Cacci, Paola S Nisi, Valerio Licursi, Yu-Lee Paul, Stefano Biagioni, Rodolfo Negri, Peter J Rugg-Gunn, Giuseppe Lupo
During vertebrate neural development, positional information is largely specified by extracellular morphogens. Their distribution, however, is very dynamic due to the multiple roles played by the same signals in the developing and adult neural tissue. This suggests that neural progenitors are able to modify their competence to respond to morphogen signalling and autonomously maintain positional identities after their initial specification. In this work, we take advantage of in vitro culture systems of mouse neural stem/progenitor cells (NSPCs) to show that NSPCs isolated from rostral or caudal regions of the mouse neural tube are differentially responsive to retinoic acid (RA), a pivotal morphogen for the specification of posterior neural fates...
April 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474792/molecular-stretching-modulates-mechanosensing-pathways
#10
REVIEW
Xian Hu, Felix Margadant, Mingxi Yao, Michael Sheetz
For individual cells in tissues to create the diverse forms of biological organisms, it is necessary that they must reliably sense and generate the correct forces over the correct distances and directions. There is considerable evidence that the mechanical aspects of the cellular microenvironment provide critical physical parameters to be sensed. How proteins sense forces and cellular geometry to create the correct morphology is not understood in detail but protein unfolding appears to be a major component in force and displacement sensing...
May 5, 2017: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468752/usp4-inhibits-smad4-monoubiquitination-and-promotes-activin-and-bmp-signaling
#11
Fangfang Zhou, Feng Xie, Ke Jin, Zhengkui Zhang, Marcello Clerici, Rui Gao, Maarten van Dinther, Titia K Sixma, Huizhe Huang, Long Zhang, Peter Ten Dijke
SMAD4 is a common intracellular effector for TGF-β family cytokines, but the mechanism by which its activity is dynamically regulated is unclear. We demonstrated that ubiquitin-specific protease (USP) 4 strongly induces activin/BMP signaling by removing the inhibitory monoubiquitination from SMAD4. This modification was triggered by the recruitment of the E3 ligase, SMURF2, to SMAD4 following ligand-induced regulatory (R)-SMAD-SMAD4 complex formation. Whereas the interaction of the negative regulator c-SKI inhibits SMAD4 monoubiquitination, the ligand stimulates the recruitment of SMURF2 to the c-SKI-SMAD2 complex and triggers c-SKI ubiquitination and degradation...
May 3, 2017: EMBO Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463592/salmon-nasal-cartilage-proteoglycan-enhances-growth-of-normal-human-dermal-fibroblast-through-erk1-2-phosphorylation
#12
Masahiro Sano, Yi Shang, Akio Nakane, Tomoaki Saito
Proteoglycan (PG) is a heavily glycosylated protein, localized to cell surface and extracellular matrix, and has various functions. Recently, it has been gradually revealed that PG interacts with various growth factors and morphogens and regulates cellular functions. Although salmon nasal cartilage PG (Salmon-PG) increases proliferation of immortalized cells, its mechanism remains unclear. In this study, we confirmed the effect of Salmon-PG on normal human dermal fibroblast (NHDF) and investigated the mechanism of PG action on NHDF...
May 2, 2017: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457750/single-cell-rna-seq-analysis-maps-development-of-human-germline-cells-and-gonadal-niche-interactions
#13
Li Li, Ji Dong, Liying Yan, Jun Yong, Xixi Liu, Yuqiong Hu, Xiaoying Fan, Xinglong Wu, Hongshan Guo, Xiaoye Wang, Xiaohui Zhu, Rong Li, Jie Yan, Yuan Wei, Yangyu Zhao, Wei Wang, Yixin Ren, Peng Yuan, Zhiqiang Yan, Boqiang Hu, Fan Guo, Lu Wen, Fuchou Tang, Jie Qiao
Human fetal germ cells (FGCs) are precursors to sperm and eggs and are crucial for maintenance of the species. However, the developmental trajectories and heterogeneity of human FGCs remain largely unknown. Here we performed single-cell RNA-seq analysis of over 2,000 FGCs and their gonadal niche cells in female and male human embryos spanning several developmental stages. We found that female FGCs undergo four distinct sequential phases characterized by mitosis, retinoic acid signaling, meiotic prophase, and oogenesis...
April 13, 2017: Cell Stem Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444830/gene-expression-reveals-evidence-for-egfr-dependent-proximal-distal-limb-patterning-in-a-myriapod
#14
Ralf Janssen
Evolution of segmented limbs is one of the key innovations of Arthropoda, allowing development of functionally specific specialized head and trunk appendages, a major factor behind their unmatched evolutionary success. Proximodistal limb patterning is controlled by two regulatory networks in the vinegar fly Drosophila melanogaster, and other insects. The first is represented by the function of the morphogens Wingless (Wg) and Decapentaplegic (Dpp); the second by the EGFR-signaling cascade. While the role of Wg and Dpp has been studied in a wide range of arthropods representing all main branches, that is, Pancrustacea (= Hexapoda + Crustacea), Myriapoda and Chelicerata, investigation of the potential role of EGFR-signaling is restricted to insects (Hexapoda)...
April 26, 2017: Evolution & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435931/bone-morphogenic-proteins-are-a-good-choice-for-select-spinal-surgeries-and-merit-further-research
#15
EDITORIAL
Doniel Drazin, Eric Choi, Alfredo Garcia, Tarush Rustagi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430877/the-accessible-chromatin-landscape-during-conversion-of-human-embryonic-stem-cells-to-trophoblast-by-bmp4
#16
Yajun Liu, Dewu Ding, Hongde Liu, Xiao Sun
Human embryonic stem cells (hESC) exposed to the growth factor bone morphogenic protein 4 (BMP4) in the absence of FGF2 have been used as a model to study the development of placental development. However, little is known about the cis-regulatory mechanisms underlying this important process. In this study, we used the public available chromatin accessibility data of hESC H1 cells and BMP4-induced trophoblast (TB)cell lines to identify DNase I hypersensitive sites (DHSs) in the two cell lines, as well as the transcription factor binding sites within the DHSs...
April 18, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424609/a-neurochemical-basis-for-phenotypic-differentiation-in-alzheimer-s-disease-turing-s-morphogens-revisited
#17
Heather T Whittaker, Jason D Warren
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418582/cop1-conveys-warm-temperature-information-to-hypocotyl-thermomorphogenesis
#18
Young-Joon Park, Hyo-Jun Lee, Jun-Ho Ha, Jae Young Kim, Chung-Mo Park
Plants adjust their architecture to optimize growth and reproductive success under changing climates. Hypocotyl elongation is a pivotal morphogenic trait that is profoundly influenced by light and temperature conditions. While hypocotyl photomorphogenesis has been well characterized at the molecular level, molecular mechanisms underlying hypocotyl thermomorphogenesis remains elusive. Here, we demonstrate that the E3 ubiquitin ligase CONSTITUTIVE PHOTOMORPHOGENIC 1 (COP1) conveys warm temperature signals to hypocotyl thermomorphogenesis...
April 18, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409341/zebrafish-pronephros-development
#19
Richard W Naylor, Sarah S Qubisi, Alan J Davidson
The pronephros is the first kidney type to form in vertebrate embryos. The first step of pronephrogenesis in the zebrafish is the formation of the intermediate mesoderm during gastrulation, which occurs in response to secreted morphogens such as BMPs and Nodals. Patterning of the intermediate mesoderm into proximal and distal cell fates is induced by retinoic acid signaling with downstream transcription factors including wt1a, pax2a, pax8, hnf1b, sim1a, mecom, and irx3b. In the anterior intermediate mesoderm, progenitors of the glomerular blood filter migrate and fuse at the midline and recruit a blood supply...
2017: Results and Problems in Cell Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409313/extracellular-regulation-of-the-mitotic-spindle-and-fate-determinants-driving-asymmetric-cell-division
#20
Prestina Smith, Mark Azzam, Lindsay Hinck
Stem cells use mode of cell division, symmetric (SCD) versus asymmetric (ACD), to balance expansion with self-renewal and the generation of daughter cells with different cell fates. Studies in model organisms have identified intrinsic mechanisms that govern this process, which involves partitioning molecular components between daughter cells, frequently through the regulation of the mitotic spindle. Research performed in vertebrate tissues is revealing both conservation of these intrinsic mechanisms and crucial roles for extrinsic cues in regulating the frequency of these divisions...
2017: Results and Problems in Cell Differentiation
keyword
keyword
5173
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"