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"Physical activity" and "performance"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244841/individual-preferences-for-physical-exercise-as-secondary-prevention-for-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#1
Emmanuel Aboagye, Jan Hagberg, Iben Axén, Lydia Kwak, Malin Lohela-Karlsson, Eva Skillgate, Gunilla Dahlgren, Irene Jensen
BACKGROUND: Exercise is effective in improving non-specific low back pain (LBP). Certain components of physical exercise, such as the type, intensity and frequency of exercise, are likely to influence participation among working adults with non-specific LBP, but the value and relative importance of these components remain unknown. The study's aim was to examine such specific components and their influence on individual preferences for exercise for secondary prevention of non-specific LBP among working adults...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243354/effectiveness-of-extended-contact-interventions-for-weight-management-delivered-via-text-messaging-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
J R Job, B S Fjeldsoe, E G Eakin, M M Reeves
BACKGROUND: Extended contact interventions provide support for continued weight management (weight loss/prevention of weight regain) following a weight loss intervention. Text messages offer a medium for delivery in a potentially cost-effective, broad-reach manner. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to examine (i) the effectiveness of extended contact, text message interventions for adults in supporting weight management, and (ii) which intervention characteristics are common to those that are effective...
December 15, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242918/a-nationwide-cohort-study-on-the-association-between-past-physical-activity-and-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration-in-an-east-asian-population
#3
Tyler Hyungtaek Rim, Hong Kyu Kim, Ji Won Kim, Jihei Sara Lee, Dong Wook Kim, Sung Soo Kim
Importance: It has been suggested that physical activity (PA) is associated with reduced risk for early age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Systematic evaluation has been examining the association between lifestyle and neovascular AMD in an East Asian population, with a particular focus on past vigorous PA. Objective: To investigate the association between neovascular AMD and past PA, particularly a history of vigorous exercise, in the overall study population and among 2 a priori-defined subgroups...
December 14, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240651/acute-impact-of-different-exercise-modalities-on-arterial-and-platelet-function
#4
Andrew Haynes, Matthew D Linden, Elisa Robey, Gerald F Watts, P Hugh R Barrett, Louise H Naylor, Daniel J Green
PURPOSE: Acute coronary syndromes and ischemic stroke are associated with arterial events involving platelets, the endothelium and atherosclerosis. Whilst regular physical activity is associated with lower risk of cardiovascular events and mortality, risk is transiently increased during and immediately following participation in an acute bout of exercise. No previous study has investigated the acute impact of exercise on platelet activation and arterial function in the same participants; it is also unknown if responses are dependent on exercise modality...
December 13, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239779/gender-differences-in-residual-effect-of-prior-drop-jumps-on-oxygen-uptake-during-heavy-cycling-exercise
#5
Neringa Baranauskienė, Sandra Kilikevičienė, Loreta Stasiulė, Genuvaitė Civinskienė, Arvydas Stasiulis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Unaccustomed eccentric or eccentric-concentric exercise leaves us stiff and sore the next day and can cause muscle damage. The data about the residual effect of prior eccentric-concentric exercises on oxygen uptake (VO2) during constant cycling exercise in women or the data about differences of such effect between genders are scarce. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess differences of the residual effect of PDJ on VO2 during HCE and indirect muscle damage parameters between women and men...
November 1, 2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238479/vitamin-d-receptor-gene-polymorphisms-as-a-risk-factor-for-obesity-in-saudi-men
#6
Ayman Saeed Al-Hazmi, Mazin Mohammed Al-Mehmadi, Sarah Mohammad Al-Bogami, Ashjan Ali Shami, Ahmed Ali Al-Askary, Anas Mohammad Alomery, Saad Saeed Al-Shehri, Haytham Dahlawi, Khadija Abdulrazag, Tariq Ali, Abdalaziz Al-Bogami, Emad Sheshah, Abdalaziz Al-Mutairi, Salh Al-Suhimi, Faris Alharb
Background: The prevalence of obesity and vitamin D deficiency in Saudi Arabia has increased recently. Decreased physical activity might play a role in obesity. Previous studies showed an association between low vitamin D level and its receptor polymorphism with obesity development. Objective: To determine association of low vitamin D level and its receptor polymorphism with obesity in Saudi men. Methods: This case control study was carried out from March 2016 through March 2017...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238389/the-role-of-physical-activity-on-mood-state-and-functional-skills-of-elderly-women
#7
Renato Sobral Monteiro-Junior, Vinicius Dias Rodrigues, Carlos Campos, Flávia Paes, Eric Murillo-Rodriguez, Geraldo A Maranhão-Neto, Sergio Machado
Introduction: Ageing is associated with several physical, psychological and behavioral changes. These changes are closely related with global health and functional capacity in the elderly. Mood disturbances are common among the elderly and may significantly increase apathy, resulting in decreased habitual physical activity levels. Materials and Methods: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the mood state and functional motor capacities of elderly women engaged in a public physical activity program in Brazil and compare them with physically inactive elderly...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238254/assessment-of-three-dimensional-trunk-kinematics-and-muscle-activation-during-cycling-with-independent-cranks
#8
Eric Bourdon, Matthew Mavor, Dean C Hay
Independent cranks (IC) are recently introduced bicycle cranks that are decoupled; therefore allowing each leg to pedal independent of the other. Despite this introduction, limited research has been conducted assessing biomechanical changes when cycling with IC. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare trunk kinematics and surface electromyography (sEMG) during IC and normal crank (NC) cycling during a graded exercise test to volitional fatigue. Ten healthy, physically active men performed two tests (IC and NC) on a cycling ergometer on separate days...
December 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237582/the-seasonal-periodicity-of-healthy-contemplations-about-exercise-and-weight-loss-ecological-correlational-study
#9
Kenneth Michael Madden
BACKGROUND: Lack of physical activity and weight gain are two of the biggest drivers of health care costs in the United States. Healthy contemplations are required before any changes in behavior, and a recent study has shown that they have underlying periodicities. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine seasonal variations in state-by-state interest in both weight loss and increasing physical activity, and how these variations were associated with geographic latitude using Google Trends search data for the United States...
December 13, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237243/exercise-related-severe-cardiac-events
#10
Lourdes Vicent, Albert Ariza-Solé, José Ramón González-Juanatey, Aitor Uribarri, José Ortiz, Esteban López de Sá, Jordi Sans-Roselló, Carlos Tomás Querol, Pau Codina, Iago Sousa-Casasnovas, Manuel Martínez-Sellés
BACKGROUND: Physical activity has benefits on health. However, there is a small risk of effort-related adverse events. The aim of this study is to describe exercise-related severe cardiovascular events and to relate them with the type of sport performed. METHODS: Ten-year retrospective study in 8 Spanish cardiac intensive care units. Adverse cardiac events were defined as acute myocardial infarction, cardiac arrest, or syncope related to physical activity. RESULTS: From 117 patients included, 109 were male (93...
December 13, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237078/determinants-of-peripheral-muscle-strength-and-activity-in-daily-life-in-people-with-bronchiectasis
#11
Anderson Alves de Camargo, Jacqueline C Boldorini, Anne E Holland, Rejane A Silva de Castro, Fernanda de Cordoba Lanza, Rodrigo A Athanazio, Samia Z Rached, Regina Carvalho-Pinto, Alberto Cukier, Rafael Stelmach, Simone Dal Corso
Background: Bronchiectasis is characterized by a progressive structural lung damage, recurrent infections and chronic inflammation which compromise the exertion tolerance, and may have an impact on skeletal muscle function and physical function. Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare peripheral muscle strength, exercise capacity, and physical activity in daily life between participants with bronchiectasis and controls and to investigate the determinants of the peripheral muscle strength and physical activity in daily life in bronchiectasis...
December 9, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236878/analysis-of-possible-factors-of-vocal-interference-during-the-teaching-activity
#12
Bárbara Gabriela Silva, Tiago Visacre Chammas, Marcia Simões Zenari, Renata Rodrigues Moreira, Alessandra Giannella Samelli, Kátia Nemr
OBJECTIVE: To measure the risk of dysphonia in teachers, as well as investigate whether the perceptual-auditory and acoustic aspects of the voice of teachers in situations of silence and noise, the signal-to-noise ratio, and the noise levels in the classroom are associated with the presence of dysphonia. METHODS: This is an observational cross-sectional research with 23 primary and secondary school teachers from a private school in the municipality of São Paulo, Brazil, divided into the groups without dysphonia and with dysphonia...
December 11, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236062/measuring-activity-performance-of-older-adults-using-the-activpal-a-rapid-review
#13
REVIEW
Charice S Chan, Susan E Slaughter, C Allyson Jones, Carla Ickert, Adrian S Wagg
Current measures of physical activity and sedentary behaviors such as questionnaires and functional assessments are insufficient to provide comprehensive data on older adults. In response, the use of activity monitors has increased. The purpose of this review was to summarize and assess the quality of observational literature on activity measuring of older adults using the activPAL activity monitor. Seventeen databases and a bibliography, compiled by the activPAL creators, were searched. Articles were included if they were in English, were peer-reviewed, included people 65 years or older, measured activity using the activPAL and reported at least one of the following outcomes: step count, hours upright, hours sitting/lying, hours stepping, or hours standing...
December 13, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235424/fundamental-movement-skills-of-children-living-in-england-the-role-of-ethnicity-and-native-english-language
#14
Emma L J Eyre, Leanne Jaye Walker, Michael J Duncan
The development of fundamental movement skills (FMS) has been associated with children's general health, and, while there is evidence to suggest that age, gender, physical activity, and socioeconomic status relate to FMS, the relationship of ethnicity and language barriers to FMS competence has been underexplored. These factors may be of particular interest for South Asian (SA) children who have lower physical activity and increased risk of metabolic disease. This cross-sectional study examined ethnic and language differences in FMS among 218 ethnically diverse five-year-old children (61 White ethnic background, 91 SA, 29 Black ethnic background, and 37 other), some with English as a native language ( n = 90) and some with English as an additional language ( n = 75), all recruited from within central England...
January 1, 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234919/-soft-skills-somewhat-different-doping
#15
REVIEW
H J Heppner
Doping actually means the taking of illegal substances or the use of forbidden methods to increase or maintain performance. Diseases associated with age and functional decline can lead to constraints in the activities of daily living and this leads to loss of autonomy; therefore, doping in its different variations is used to try to achieve performance, which would not otherwise be possible. A somewhat different method is soft skills, i.e. personal, social and methodological competences, which are adopted to remain fit with the help of selection and compensation...
December 12, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233204/is-there-a-role-for-vitamin-d-in-supporting-cognitive-function-as-we-age
#16
Niamh Aspell, Brian Lawlor, Maria O'Sullivan
Globally, an estimated 46 million people are currently living with dementia and this figure is projected to increase 3-fold by 2050, highlighting this major public health concern and its substantial associated healthcare costs. With pharmacological treatment yet to reach fruition, the emphasis on evidence-based preventative lifestyle strategies is becoming increasingly important and several modifiable lifestyle factors have been identified that may preserve cognitive health. These include good cardiovascular health, physical activity, low alcohol intake, smoking and a healthy diet, with growing interest in vitamin D...
December 13, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232671/predicting-trajectories-of-functional-decline-in-60-to-70-year-old-people
#17
Nini H Jonkman, Vieri Del Panta, Trynke Hoekstra, Marco Colpo, Natasja M van Schoor, Stefania Bandinelli, Luca Cattelani, Jorunn L Helbostad, Beatrix Vereijken, Mirjam Pijnappels, Andrea B Maier
BACKGROUND: Early identification of people at risk of functional decline is essential for delivering targeted preventive interventions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to identify and predict trajectories of functional decline over 9 years in males and females aged 60-70 years. METHODS: We included 403 community-dwelling participants from the InCHIANTI study and 395 from the LASA study aged 60-70 years at baseline, of whom the majority reported no functional decline at baseline (median 0, interquartile range 0-1)...
December 13, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231753/rates-of-insufficiency-and-deficiency-of-vitamin-d-levels-in-elite-professional-male-and-female-skiers-a-chronobiologic-approach
#18
Jacopo Antonino Vitale, Giovanni Lombardi, Luca Cavaleri, Rosa Graziani, Herbert Schoenhuber, Antonio La Torre, Giuseppe Banfi
Vitamin D is essential for the maintenance and promotion of musculoskeletal health, for the functioning of the immune, cardiovascular and reproductive systems, and its main action is to keep calcium and phosphate plasmatic physiological concentrations at intestinal, renal and bony level. Vitamin D affects several parameters related to physical performance too and a particularly high percentage of vitamin D insufficiency and deficiency in professional athletes has been observed. Several variables are able to impair the synthesis of 25(OH)D in athletes, specifically both genetic and environmental factors, but the most probable explanation for the deficient/insufficient vitamin D levels is the insufficient ultraviolet B light (UVB) exposure during winter...
December 12, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231277/do-individuals-with-intellectual-disability-have-a-lower-peak-heart-rate-and-maximal-oxygen-uptake
#19
Thessa Irena Maria Hilgenkamp, Tracy Baynard
BACKGROUND: Individuals with intellectual disability (ID) have very low physical activity and low peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak ), potentially explained by physiologically lower peak heart rates (HRpeak ). METHOD: The present authors performed a retrospective analysis of a large data set of individuals with intellectual disability (n = 100), with Down syndrome (DS) (n = 48) and without intellectual disability (n = 224) using multiple linear regression analyses, to determine if individuals with intellectual disability exhibit lower HRpeak and VO2peak than individuals without intellectual disability, controlling for age, sex and body mass index (BMI)...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229462/regular-physical-activity-and-educational-outcomes-in-youth-a-longitudinal-study
#20
Katherine B Owen, Philip D Parker, Thomas Astell-Burt, Chris Lonsdale
PURPOSE: The objectives of this study were to determine whether longitudinal changes in accelerometer-assessed moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) were associated with changes in educational outcomes (i.e., academic performance and mathematics engagement) and to examine whether the association was nonlinear. METHODS: Longitudinal data were collected from 2,194 Australian adolescents (mean age = 13.40 years, standard deviation = .73) at two time points (Term 1, 2014, and Term 2, 2015)...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
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