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"Physical activity" and "performance"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528369/effect-of-physical-stress-on-drug-induced-sleep-endoscopy-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#1
Sang Min Park, Dong-Kyu Kim
Drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) is a reliable upper airway evaluation tool, widely used to improve surgical results in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Several factors, including sleeping position and depth of sedation, affect DISE findings. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of physical stress on DISE findings. Eighty-five patients with OSA underwent two DISE examinations at the same level of sedation. The "first DISE" (control group) was performed after polysomnography, while the "second DISE" (test group) performed immediately after a treadmill stress test...
May 20, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527267/assessment-of-factors-associated-with-functional-status-in-60-years-old-and-older-adults-in-bogot%C3%A3-colombia
#2
Carlos Cano-Gutiérrez, Miguel Germán Borda, Carlos Reyes-Ortiz, Antonio J Arciniegas, Rafael Samper-Ternent
INTRODUCTION: Functional impairment produces a wide range of negative effects such as difficulty in mobility, social isolation, decreased quality of life, disability and institutionalization. Thus, functional status measurement is a marker of social wellbeing. OBJECTIVE: To determine and characterize the socio-demographic factors and health conditions related to functional impairment in older adults in Bogotá, Colombia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data was collected from the SABE Bogotá Study...
April 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526541/prevalence-of-early-repolarisation-pattern-in-children
#3
Philippe Maury, Céline Authenac, Anne Rollin, Yves Dulac, Pierre Mondoly, Christelle Cardin, Benjamin Monteil, Amin Bennadji, Rémi Gendre, Michel Galinier, Didier Carrié, Philippe Acar, Vanina Bongard, Sebastien Hascoet
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of early repolarisation ECG pattern (ER) has been repetitively determined in adults, but has not been reported in large unselected children populations so far. METHODS: ECG from 1000 successive healthy children from birth to 17years old were prospectively recorded and analyzed. ER was defined by ≥0.1mV J point elevation in at least two contiguous inferior or lateral ECG leads. Correlations with age, gender, ethnic origin, physical activity, Sokolow index and heart rate were performed...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524767/immune-biomarkers-in-older-adults-role-of-physical-activity
#4
Vanessa Valdiglesias, María Sánchez-Flores, Ana Maseda, Laura Lorenzo-López, Diego Marcos-Pérez, Ana López-Cortón, Barbara Strasser, Dietmar Fuchs, Blanca Laffon, José C Millán-Calenti, Eduardo Pásaro
Aging is associated with a decline in the normal functioning of the immune system. Several studies described the relationship between immunological alterations, including immunosenescence and inflammation, and aging or age-related outcomes, such as sarcopenia, depression, and neurodegenerative disorders. Physical activity is known to improve muscle function and to exert a number of benefits on older adult health, including reduced risk for heart and metabolic system chronic diseases. However, the positive influence of physical activity on the immune system has not been elucidated...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524264/maternal-occupational-physical-activity-and-risk-for-orofacial-clefts
#5
A J Agopian, Jihye Kim, Peter H Langlois, Laura Lee, Lawrence W Whitehead, Elaine Symanski, Michele L Herdt, George L Delclos
OBJECTIVES: To perform a case-control study of maternal occupational physical activity and risk for orofacial clefts in Texas during 1999-2009. METHODS: We used logistic regression to assess 14 measures of physical activity estimated from a job exposure matrix, using the maternal occupation reported on the birth certificate, among 887 children with cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CLP), 436 children with cleft palate only (CP), and 1932 controls. RESULTS: After adjusting for several potential confounders, seven measures of physical activity (as a categorical and/or continuous variable) were significantly associated with CLP, CP, or both...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522101/cardiovascular-fitness-in-narcolepsy-is-inversely-related-to-sleepiness-and-the-number-of-cataplexy-episodes
#6
Martin Matoulek, Vladimír Tuka, Magdalena Fialová, Soňa Nevšímalová, Karel Šonka
OBJECTIVE: Cardiopulmonary fitness depends on daily energy expenditure or the amount of daily exercise. Patients with narcolepsy spent more time being sleepy or asleep than controls; thus we may speculate that they have a lower quantity and quality of physical activity. The aim of the present study was thus to test the hypothesis that exercise tolerance in narcolepsy negatively depends on sleepiness. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The cross-sectional study included 32 patients with narcolepsy with cataplexy, 10 patients with narcolepsy without cataplexy, and 36 age- and gender-matched control subjects, in whom a symptom-limited exercise stress test with expired gas analysis was performed...
June 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521272/impact-of-prematurity-on-exercise-capacity-and-agility-of-children-and-youth-aged-8-to-18
#7
Tatjana Robič Pikel, Gregor Starc, Janko Strel, Marjeta Kovač, Janez Babnik, Petra Golja
BACKGROUND: Preterm (PT) birth and low birth mass (LBW) can impair growth and development of children and may therefore affect their physical performance up to adulthood. AIMS: Our aim was to evaluate long-term consequences of prematurity, especially (an)aerobic exercise capacity and agility up to adulthood, by comparing premature and full-term (FT) individuals. STUDY DESIGN, SUBJECTS: From 474 subjects born in 1987, who were enrolled into a longitudinal study, 396 (178 PT and 218 FT (with 127 of them LBW)) were followed-up into their early adulthood...
May 15, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520754/effects-of-milk-product-intake-on-thigh-muscle-strength-and-nfkb-gene-methylation-during-home-based-interval-walking-training-in-older-women-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#8
Shizue Masuki, Kensei Nishida, Shigenari Hashimoto, Mayuko Morikawa, Satoshi Takasugi, Masashi Nagata, Shun'ichiro Taniguchi, Kazuhito Rokutan, Hiroshi Nose
BACKGROUND: Muscle atrophy with aging is closely associated with chronic systemic inflammation and lifestyle-related diseases. In the present study, we assessed whether post-exercise milk product intake during 5-month interval walking training (IWT) enhanced the increase in thigh muscle strength and ameliorated susceptibility to inflammation in older women. METHODS: Subjects [n = 37, 66±5 (standard deviation) yrs] who had been performing IWT for >6 months participated in this study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516519/exercise-training-in-diastolic-heart-failure-ex-dhf-rationale-and-design-of-a-multicentre-prospective-randomized-controlled-parallel-group-trial
#9
Frank Edelmann, Anna Bobenko, Götz Gelbrich, Gerd Hasenfuss, Christoph Herrmann-Lingen, André Duvinage, Silja Schwarz, Meinhard Mende, Christiane Prettin, Tobias Trippel, Ruhdja Lindhorst, Daniel Morris, Elisabeth Pieske-Kraigher, Kathleen Nolte, Hans-Dirk Düngen, Rolf Wachter, Martin Halle, Burkert Pieske
Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a common disease with high incidence and increasing prevalence. Patients suffer from functional limitation, poor health-related quality of life, and reduced prognosis. A pilot study in a smaller group of HFpEF patients showed that structured, supervised exercise training (ET) improves maximal exercise capacity, diastolic function, and physical quality of life. However, the long-term effects of ET on patient-related outcomes remain unclear in HFpEF. The primary objective of the Exercise training in Diastolic Heart Failure (Ex-DHF) trial is to investigate whether a 12 month supervised ET can improve a clinically meaningful composite outcome score in HFpEF patients...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515981/a-six-week-supervised-exercise-and-educational-intervention-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-case-series
#10
Federico Pozzi, Kathleen Madara, Joseph A Zeni
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Most rehabilitation interventions after total hip arthroplasty (THA) are not designed to return patients to high-levels of physical activity and, thus, low levels of physical activity and residual weakness are common. The purpose of this case series was to describe the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of an exercise and education intervention for patients after THA who have already completed formal outpatient physical therapy. STUDY DESIGN: Case series...
April 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515835/the-effect-of-acute-hyperglycemia-on-muscular-strength-power-and-endurance
#11
Franklin Lime-Ma, Joshua A Cotter, Evan E Schick
The purpose of this study was to elucidate the impact of acute hyperglycemia on skeletal muscle strength, power, and endurance. Ten male collegiate athletes (age 21.5 ± 1.5 years, height 186 ± 2.03 cm, body mass 108.8 ± 7.6 kg) participated in 2 testing sessions, separated by 7 days and randomized for either high glucose (HG) or control (C) treatment conditions. HG consumed a high glucose drink (2 g glucose/kg body weight) while controls consumed an isocaloric nutrition bar (40% protein, 30% fat, and 30% carbohydrate)...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515793/does-the-diurnal-cycle-of-cortisol-explain-the-relationship-between-physical-performance-and-cognitive-function-in-older-adults
#12
B Dijckmans, J Tortosa-Martínez, N Caus, G González-Caballero, B Martínez-Pelegrin, C Manchado-Lopez, J M Cortell-Tormo, I Chulvi-Medrano, A Clow
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity is a promising strategy to treat and prevent cognitive decline. The mechanisms that mediate these benefits are not fully clear but physical activity is thought to attenuate the harmful effects of chronic psychological stress and hypercortisolism on cognition. However, the circadian pattern of cortisol secretion is complex and it is not known which aspects are most closely associated with increased cognitive function and better physical performance...
2017: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513541/promoting-healthy-lifestyle-and-well-being-in-adolescents-through-outdoor-physical-activity
#13
Karel Fromel, Michal Kudlacek, Dorota Groffik, Zbynek Svozil, Adam Simunek, Wieslaw Garbaciak
Health-enhancing physical activities (PA) performed outdoors could markedly contribute to the adoption of a healthy lifestyle in adolescence. The differences between PA preferences and actual opportunities for these PA are an issue that has received frequent attention. To date, the extent to which these differences are reflected in adolescents meeting PA recommendations and their well-being has not been explored. In total, 10,086 respondents took part in an on-line research project regarding PA preferences...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512111/an-initial-evaluation-of-the-impact-of-pok%C3%A3-mon-go-on-physical-activity
#14
Ying Xian, Hanzhang Xu, Haolin Xu, Li Liang, Adrian F Hernandez, Tracy Y Wang, Eric D Peterson
BACKGROUND: Pokémon GO is a location-based augmented reality game. Using GPS and the camera on a smartphone, the game requires players to travel in real world to capture animated creatures, called Pokémon. We examined the impact of Pokémon GO on physical activity (PA). METHODS AND RESULTS: A pre-post observational study of 167 Pokémon GO players who were self-enrolled through recruitment flyers or online social media was performed. Participants were instructed to provide screenshots of their step counts recorded by the iPhone Health app between June 15 and July 31, 2016, which was 3 weeks before and 3 weeks after the Pokémon GO release date...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511642/impact-of-a-workplace-sit-less-move-more-program-on-efficiency-related-outcomes-of-office-employees
#15
Anna Puig-Ribera, Judit Bort-Roig, Maria Giné-Garriga, Angel M González-Suárez, Iván Martínez-Lemos, Jesús Fortuño, Joan C Martori, Laura Muñoz-Ortiz, Raimon Milà, Nicholas D Gilson, Jim McKenna
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the impact of 'sit less, move more' interventions on workplace performance. This study assessed the short and mid-term impacts of and patterns of change within, a 19-week workplace web-based intervention (Walk@WorkSpain; W@WS; 2010-11) on employees´ presenteeism, mental well-being and lost work performance. METHODS: A site randomised control trial recruited employees at six Spanish university campuses (n = 264; 42 ± 10 years; 171 female), assigned by worksite and campus to an Intervention (IG; used W@WS; n = 129; 87 female) or an active Comparison group (A-CG; pedometer, paper diary and self-reported sitting time; n = 135; 84 female)...
May 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511639/physical-activity-among-hospitalized-older-adults-an-observational-study
#16
Sigurd Evensen, Olav Sletvold, Stian Lydersen, Kristin Taraldsen
BACKGROUND: Low level of physical activity is common among hospitalized older adults and is associated with worse prognosis. The aim of this paper is to describe the pattern and level of physical activity in a group of hospitalized older adults and to identify factors associated with physical activity. METHODS: We measured physical activity on day three after admission using accelerometer based activity monitors and time in upright position as outcome measure. We collected data of physical function (Short Physical Performance Battery, SPPB...
May 16, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511168/-the-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis-influence-on-the-course-and-progression-of-ischemic-heart-disease
#17
Ігор М Скрипник, Ольга В Щербак, Ганна С Маслова
INTRODUCTION: Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) can be considered a risk factor of progression of diseases associated with atherosclerosis, especially ischemic heart disease (IHD) with a high probability of early myocardial infarction (MI). AIM: To study the peculiarities and nature of ischemic heart disease clinical picture in patients with concomitant NASH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study involved 58 patients with ischemic heart disease...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511163/-impact-of-physical-activity-on-anthropometric-indices-in-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-pre-diabetes-or-type-2-diabetes
#18
Віталіна В Івачевська
INTRODUCTION: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is currently the most common cause of chronic liver disease in many developed countries. The first step, which is offered to all patients with NAFLD includes lifestyle modifications, low-calorie diet, increased physical activity and giving up smoking. OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the efficiency of the daily 30-minute walking at a fast pace on the dynamics of anthropometric indices in patients with NAFLD and pre-diabetes or type 2 diabetes...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507960/a-case-report-of-sleeve-fracture-of-the-patella-in-a-shield
#19
Masanori Tsubosaka, Takeshi Makino, Shin-Ichiro Kishimoto, Kohei Yamaura
INTRODUCTION: Sleeve fractures of the patella are rare fractures that only occur in children. The diagnosis is difficult both clinically and radiologically since the distal bony fragment may be too small to be detectable by radiography. A high-riding patella and hemarthrosis are important signs of sleeve fractures. CASE REPORT: A 12-year-old boy was admitted to the emergency room after having felt a severe pain in his left knee on kicking the ground while skateboarding earlier that day...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505580/factors-affecting-perceived-change-in-physical-activity-in-pregnancy
#20
Astrid Merkx, Marlein Ausems, Luc Budé, Raymond de Vries, Marianne J Nieuwenhuijze
OBJECTIVE: reduction of physical activity (PA) during pregnancy is common but undesirable, as it is associated with negative outcomes, including excessive gestational weight gain. Our objective was to explore changes in five types of activity that occurred during pregnancy and the behavioural determinants of the reported changes in PA. DESIGN: we performed a secondary analysis of a cross sectional survey that was constructed using the ASE-Model - an approach to identifying the factors that drive behaviour change that focuses on Attitude, Social influence, and self-Efficacy...
May 9, 2017: Midwifery
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