keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

"Physical activity" and "performance"

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456898/passive-radar-for-opportunistic-monitoring-in-e-health-applications
#1
Wenda Li, Bo Tan, Robert Piechocki
This paper proposes a passive Doppler radar as a non-contact sensing method to capture human body movements, recognize respiration, and physical activities in e-Health applications. The system uses existing in-home wireless signal as the source to interpret human activity. This paper shows that passive radar is a novel solution for multiple healthcare applications which complements traditional smart home sensor systems. An innovative two-stage signal processing framework is outlined to enable the multi-purpose monitoring function...
2018: IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455057/the-impact-of-body-composition-pain-and-resilience-on-physical-activity-physical-function-and-physical-performance-at-2-months-post-hip-fracture
#2
Barbara Resnick, J Richard Hebel, Ann L Gruber-Baldini, Gregory E Hicks, Marc C Hochberg, Denise Orwig, Marty Eastlack, Jay Magaziner
The purpose of this study was to test a model of the factors influencing physical activity, physical function and physical performance at 2 months post hip fracture and compare model fit between men and women. Age, cognitive status, comorbidities, pain, resilience, bone mineral density, total body lean mass, total body fat and grip strength were hypothesized to be directly and/or indirectly related to physical activity, physical function and physical performance. This analysis used data from the seventh Baltimore Hip Studies (BHS-7), a prospective cohort study that included 258 community-dwelling participants, 125 (48%) men and 133 (52%) women, hospitalized for treatment of a hip fracture; survey and objective data were obtained at 2 months post hip fracture...
February 15, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454783/comparison-of-the-diastolic-stress-test-with-a-combined-resting-echocardiography-and-biomarker-approach-to-patients-with-exertional-dyspnea-diagnostic-and-prognostic-implications
#3
Wojciech Kosmala, Monika Przewlocka-Kosmala, Aleksandra Rojek, Thomas H Marwick
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to establish the diagnostic and prognostic value of a strategy for prediction of abnormal diastolic response to exercise (AbnDR) using clinical, biochemical, and resting echocardiographic markers in dyspneic patients with mild diastolic dysfunction. BACKGROUND: An AbnDR (increase in left ventricular filling pressure) may indicate heart failure with preserved ejection fraction as the cause of symptoms in dyspneic patients, despite a nonelevated noncardiac at rest...
February 9, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454315/prevalence-and-correlates-of-positive-mental-health-in-chinese-adolescents
#4
Cheng Guo, Göran Tomson, Christina Keller, Fredrik Söderqvist
BACKGROUND: Studies investigating the prevalence of positive mental health and its correlates are still scarce compared to the studies on mental disorders, although there is growing interest of assessing positive mental health in adolescents. So far, no other study examining the prevalence and determinants of positive mental health in Chinese adolescents has been found. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and correlates of positive mental health in Chinese adolescents...
February 17, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453742/the-effect-of-physical-activity-interventions-on-glycosylated-haemoglobin-hba-1c-in-non-diabetic-populations-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Iván Cavero-Redondo, Bárbara Peleteiro, Celia Álvarez-Bueno, Enrique G Artero, Miriam Garrido-Miguel, Vicente Martinez-Vizcaíno
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is widely perceived to be beneficial for preventing type 2 diabetes mellitus and for controlling glycaemic levels in patients with type 2 diabetes, but evidence supporting a positive effect in the control of glycaemic levels in healthy people is rather weak. The aim of this review was to estimate the effect of physical activity on glycaemic control measured by glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA 1c ) levels in non-diabetic populations, and to determine which type of physical activity has a greater influence on glycaemic control...
February 16, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452788/understanding-pre-peri-and-post-menopausal-women-s-intentions-to-perform-muscle-strengthening-activities-using-the-theory-of-planned-behaviour
#6
Julie Doherty, Melanie Giles, Alison M Gallagher, Ellen Elizabeth Anne Simpson
Although physical activity guidelines recommend muscle-strengthening activities (MSA), public health initiatives tend to focus on increasing aerobic activity and fail to mention MSA. This study sought to identify the issues influencing pre-, peri- and post-menopausal women's intentions to perform MSA with a view to informing future interventions for these populations. Mixed methods guided by the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) were used to explore factors that influence women's intentions to perform MSA. In stage one, 34 women participated in either a focus group or interview...
March 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452733/trajectory-of-physical-activity-after-hip-fracture-an-analysis-of-community-dwelling-individuals-from-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing
#7
Tariq Aboelmagd, Jack R Dainty, Alex MacGregor, Toby O Smith
INTRODUCTION: To analyse physical activity participation in a community-dwelling people in England with hip fracture the interval prior to fracture, in the fracture recovery period, and a minimum of two years post-fracture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 215 individuals were identified from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing cohort (2002-2014) who sustained a hip fracture following a fall and for whom data were available on physical activity participation relating to the period pre-fracture, within-fracture recovery phase and post-fracture (minimum of two years)...
February 10, 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452135/evidence-based-exercise-recommendations-to-reduce-hepatic-fat-content-in-youth-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
María Medrano, Cristina Cadenas-Sanchez, Celia Álvarez-Bueno, Iván Cavero-Redondo, Jonatan R Ruiz, Francisco B Ortega, Idoia Labayen
The main purposes of this study were to elucidate the effects of supervised-exercise training (ET) interventions on hepatic fat content and on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) prevalence in children and adolescents and to provide information about the optimal ET prescription (type, intensity, volume, and frequency) needed to reduce hepatic fat content in youths. Supervised-ET interventions performed in children and adolescents (6-19 years) that provided results of exercise effects on hepatic fat content or NAFLD prevalence were included...
February 13, 2018: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451662/what-clinical-functional-and-psychological-factors-before-treatment-are-predictors-of-poor-quality-of-life-in-cancer-patients-at-the-end-of-chemotherapy
#9
Ariella Sebastião Mangia, Nara Lisiane de Oliveira Coqueiro, Fernanda Cabral Azevedo, Hiago Tomaz da Silva Araujo, Elizandra de Oliveira Amorim, Cibelli Navarro Rodrigues Alves, Calvino Camargo, Allex Jardim da Fonseca
OBJECTIVE: To correlate physical activity level (PAL), functional capacity and psychological state with quality of life (QoL) in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy (CT). METHOD: Observational cohort study. Patients (n=121) with any primary cancer site with indications of chemotherapy with palliative or curative intent were evaluated at three moments: 1) patient admission (week 0), before chemotherapy; 2) week 8; 3) end of CT. Data were collected regarding QoL, PAL, clinical data, functional capacity (short walking distance test, sitting-rising test, isometric manual gripping force), and anxiety and depression tests...
November 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451638/-association-between-health-anthropometric-indexes-with-physical-fitness-in-physically-active-elderly-women
#10
Pablo Valdés-Badilla, Andrés Godoy-Cumillaf, Jenny Ortega-Spuler, Tomás Herrera-Valenzuela, Samuel Durán-Agüero, José Zapata-Bastias, Rodrigo Vargas-Vitoria, Eduardo Guzmán-Muñoz, Antonio López-Fuenzalida
OBJECTIVE: To associate health anthropometric indexes with physical fitness of elderly women (EW) who participate in physical exercise workshops. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 272 Chilean women over 60 years took part in the study. The variables studied were BMI, waist circumference (WC), waist-height index (WHI) and physical fitness (PF). Correlations were made through the Pearson or Spearman coefficient, and bivariate associations using Pearson's Chi-square and the Fisher's exact test, considering p<0...
November 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449204/national-food-nutrition-and-physical-activity-survey-of-the-portuguese-general-population-2015-2016-protocol-for-design-and-development
#11
Carla Lopes, Duarte Torres, Andreia Oliveira, Milton Severo, Sofia Guiomar, Violeta Alarcão, Elisabete Ramos, Sara Rodrigues, Sofia Vilela, Luísa Oliveira, Jorge Mota, Pedro J Teixeira, Paulo J Nicola, Simão Soares, Lene Frost Andersen
BACKGROUND: The assessment of food consumption data using harmonized methodologies at the European level is fundamental to support the development of public policies. Portugal is one of the countries with the most outdated information on individual food consumption. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the design and methodology of the National Food, Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey, 2015-2016, developed to collect national and regional data on dietary habits, physical activity (PA), and nutritional status, in a representative sample of the Portuguese general population (3 months-84 years)...
February 15, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447492/physiotherapists-management-of-challenging-situations-in-guiding-people-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-to-health-enhancing-physical-activity
#12
Thomas Nessen, Christina H Opava, Cathrin Martin, Ingrid Demmelmaier
OBJECTIVES: To explore strategies used by physiotherapists (PTs) in guiding people with rheumatoid arthritis to health-enhancing physical activity (HEPA) in a group setting during a 1-year intervention study. METHODS: Exploratory design with qualitative video analysis performed in three steps. Eleven female PTs were video recorded while leading support group sessions aiming at facilitating HEPA (twice-weekly exercise sessions at public gyms and 150 weekly minutes of moderately intense aerobic physical activity)...
February 15, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446269/a-self-report-joint-damage-and-musculoskeletal-disorders-data-among-dentists-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Luiz C de Jesus Júnior, Tamara K Tedesco, Mary C Macedo, Carlos M Agra, Anna C Mello-Moura, Susana Morimoto
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) are an occupational health problem that demands a high cost and may also reduce the quality of life and productivity of the dentists. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of MSD and its association with self-reported joint damage in dentists from São Paulo (Brazil). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study performed from two self-administered questionnaires - the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire and the other containing demographic and occupational data - in 6072 dentists...
April 2018: Minerva Stomatologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446092/association-of-salivary-lactate-dehydrogenase-level-with-systemic-inflammation-in-a-japanese-population
#14
N Miyoshi, T Tanigawa, S Nishioka, K Maruyama, E Eguchi, K Tanaka, I Saito, K Yamazaki, Y Miyake
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Salivary lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) was reported to be a useful parameter for the screening of periodontal disease. We performed a cross-sectional study to verify the usefulness of salivary LDH as a biomarker of periodontitis and to investigate the association of severity of periodontitis with systemic inflammation by measuring salivary LDH and serum high sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels in a community-based middle-aged and elderly population in Japan...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445264/exercise-program-improved-subjective-dry-eye-symptoms-for-office-workers
#15
Kokoro Sano, Motoko Kawashima, Sayuri Takechi, Masaru Mimura, Kazuo Tsubota
Introduction: We investigated the benefits of a cognitive behavior therapy-based exercise program to reduce the dry eye symptoms of office workers. Materials and methods: We recruited 11 office workers with dry eye symptoms, aged 31-64 years, who voluntarily participated in group health guidance at a manufacturing company. Participants learned about the role of physical activity and exercise in enhancing wellness and performed an exercise program at home 3 days per week for 10 weeks...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444266/fundamentals-of-glycogen-metabolism-for-coaches-and-athletes
#16
Bob Murray, Christine Rosenbloom
The ability of athletes to train day after day depends in large part on adequate restoration of muscle glycogen stores, a process that requires the consumption of sufficient dietary carbohydrates and ample time. Providing effective guidance to athletes and others wishing to enhance training adaptations and improve performance requires an understanding of the normal variations in muscle glycogen content in response to training and diet; the time required for adequate restoration of glycogen stores; the influence of the amount, type, and timing of carbohydrate intake on glycogen resynthesis; and the impact of other nutrients on glycogenesis...
February 10, 2018: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444141/the-3-min-all-out-test-is-valid-for-determining-critical-power-but-not-anaerobic-work-capacity-in-tethered-running
#17
Maria Carolina Traina Gama, Ivan Gustavo Masselli Dos Reis, Filipe Antônio de Barros Sousa, Claudio Alexandre Gobatto
The purpose of the study was to investigate if the 3-min all-out test (3MT) is valid for obtaining critical power intensity (CP) and the amount of work that can be performed above CP (W') on non-motorized treadmills in tethered running. Eight physically active individuals (24 ± 3 years; 78.3 ± 8.7 kg; 179 ± 5 cm; 9.0 ± 2.5% body fat) performed four different efforts at constant intensity to exhaustion in order to determine CP and W'. The mechanical power values obtained were subsequently plotted with their corresponding time to exhaustion (limit time) for application of three mathematical models: power hyperbolic versus time limit (Hyp), linear power versus 1/time (P vs 1/t) and linear work versus time limit (Ԏ vs t)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444133/a-long-term-mechanistic-computational-model-of-physiological-factors-driving-the-onset-of-type-2-diabetes-in-an-individual
#18
Joydeep Sarkar, Gaurav Dwivedi, Qian Chen, Iris E Sheu, Mark Paich, Colleen M Chelini, Paul M D'Alessandro, Samuel P Burns
A computational model of the physiological mechanisms driving an individual's health towards onset of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is described, calibrated and validated using data from the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP). The objective of this model is to quantify the factors that can be used for prevention of T2D. The model is energy and mass balanced and continuously simulates trajectories of variables including body weight components, fasting plasma glucose, insulin, and glycosylated hemoglobin among others on the time-scale of years...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443448/an-intraneural-electrode-for-bioelectronic-medicines-for-treatment-of-hypertension
#19
Cristian Sevcencu, Thomas N Nielsen, Johannes J Struijk
OBJECTIVES: As the left vagus nerve (LVN) mediates a baroreflex blood pressure (BP) decrease, LVN stimulation (LVNS) could be a therapy for hypertension. Moreover, LVNS could elegantly be adjusted to the patient's actual BP and physical activity by using the neural information about BP and respiration extractable from LVN. However, unselective LVNS will trigger undesirable side-effects and therefore we here investigated the feasibility of using an intraneural electrode for extracting BP and respiration markers from the LVN and for selective LVNS...
February 14, 2018: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440306/trends-and-determinants-of-the-flynn-effect-in-cognitive-functioning-among-older-individuals-in-10-european-countries
#20
Philipp Hessel, Jonas M Kinge, Vegard Skirbekk, Ursula M Staudinger
BACKGROUND: Although cognitive performance levels in old age have increased in most countries, recent evidence documents a slowing down or even decline in cohort gains in highly developed countries. The aim of this study was to assess trends and determinants in secular cohort gains in cognitive functioning among older individuals and whether cohort gains are levelling off in most advanced countries. METHODS: Data for individuals aged between 50 and 84 years from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe in 10 European countries between 2004 and 2013 (n=92 739) were used to assess country and age-specific changes in immediate word recall...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
keyword
keyword
51726
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"