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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649668/metabolic-costs-of-daily-activity-in-older-adults-chores-xl-study-design-and-methods
#1
Duane B Corbett, Amal A Wanigatunga, Vincenzo Valiani, Eileen M Handberg, Thomas W Buford, Babette Brumback, Ramon Casanova, Christopher M Janelle, Todd M Manini
BACKGROUND: For over 20 years, normative data has guided the prescription of physical activity. This data has since been applied to research and used to plan interventions. While this data seemingly provides accurate estimates of the metabolic cost of daily activities in young adults, the accuracy of use among older adults is less clear. As such, a thorough evaluation of the metabolic cost of daily activities in community dwelling adults across the lifespan is needed. METHODS: The Metabolic Costs of Daily Activity in Older Adults Study is a cross-sectional study designed to compare the metabolic cost of daily activities in 250 community dwelling adults across the lifespan...
June 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648951/physical-activity-and-healthy-ageing-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-longitudinal-cohort-studies
#2
REVIEW
C Daskalopoulou, B Stubbs, C Kralj, A Koukounari, M Prince, A M Prina
BACKGROUND: Older people constitute a significant proportion of the total population and their number is projected to increase by more than half by 2050. This increasing probability of late survival comes with considerable individual, economic and social impact. Physical activity (PA) can influence the ageing process but the specific relationship with healthy ageing (HA) is unclear. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal studies examining the associations of PA with HA...
June 22, 2017: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648916/long-term-changes-in-time-spent-walking-and-subsequent-cognitive-and-structural-brain-changes-in-older-adults
#3
John R Best, Caterina Rosano, Howard J Aizenstein, Qu Tian, Robert M Boudreau, Hilsa N Ayonayon, Suzanne Satterfield, Eleanor M Simonsick, Stephanie Studenski, Kristine Yaffe, Teresa Liu-Ambrose
Previous studies have shown that more active older adults have better cognition and brain health based on a variety of structural neuroimaging measures. Nevertheless, the effects of maintaining physical activity (PA) over an extended period of time on future changes in older adults' cognition and brain structure are unknown. Participants were 141 initially well-functioning community-dwelling older adults (aged 70-79 years at baseline; 60% female; 42% black) studied over a 13-year period. PA (self-reported time spent walking) was assessed annually from years 1 to 10...
June 6, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647303/the-predictors-of-metabolic-syndrome-based-on-walker-health-promoting-lifestyle-in-iran-2016
#4
REVIEW
Maryam Mohammadi, Ali Ramezankhani, Shabnam Mohammadi, Shakiba Zahed, Farahnaz Khabiri, Soheila Khodakarim, Mohsen Roshani, Majid Ghayur
BACKGROUND: Understanding the metabolic syndrome has been the center of attention in recent years as a major risk factor of many diseases. Given the rising incidence of this disease and as the patient can compete against this disease with choosing healthy lifestyle, in the present study, we investigated the predictors of metabolic syndrome, based on Walker's health-promoting lifestyle in two large cities in Iran, in 2016. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used two-stage cluster sampling to select 1128 patients, among patients who referred to health centers in Isfahan and Yazd...
May 17, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646889/apps-to-improve-diet-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-in-children-and-adolescents-a-review-of-quality-features-and-behaviour-change-techniques
#5
Stephanie Schoeppe, Stephanie Alley, Amanda L Rebar, Melanie Hayman, Nicola A Bray, Wendy Van Lippevelde, Jens-Peter Gnam, Philip Bachert, Artur Direito, Corneel Vandelanotte
BACKGROUND: The number of commercial apps to improve health behaviours in children is growing rapidly. While this provides opportunities for promoting health, the content and quality of apps targeting children and adolescents is largely unexplored. This review systematically evaluated the content and quality of apps to improve diet, physical activity and sedentary behaviour in children and adolescents, and examined relationships of app quality ratings with number of app features and behaviour change techniques (BCTs) used...
June 24, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646785/higher-cardio-respiratory-fitness-is-associated-with-increased-mental-and-physical-quality-of-life-in-people-with-bipolar-disorder-a-controlled-pilot-study
#6
Davy Vancampfort, Noemi Hagemann, Sabine Wyckaert, Simon Rosenbaum, Brendon Stubbs, Joseph Firth, Felipe B Schuch, Michel Probst, Pascal Sienaert
The aim of this study was to investigate whether cardiorespiratory fitness among outpatients with bipolar disorder is associated with health related quality of life (HRQL) and explore differences versus healthy controls. Outpatients with bipolar disorder and healthy controls matched for age, sex and body mass index completed the 36-item Short Form Health Survey, the Positive-and-Negative-Affect-Schedule (PANAS), a maximal cardiorespiratory fitness test, and wore a Sensewear Armband to measure physical activity and sedentary behavior for eight days...
June 19, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646223/regular-exercise-participation-improves-genomic-stability-in-diabetic-patients-an-exploratory-study-to-analyse-telomere-length-and-dna-damage
#7
Ivan Dimauro, Antonella Sgura, Monica Pittaluga, Fiorenza Magi, Cristina Fantini, Rosa Mancinelli, Antonio Sgadari, Stefania Fulle, Daniela Caporossi
Physical activity has been demonstrated to be effective in the prevention and treatment of different chronic conditions, including type 2 diabetes (T2D). In particular, several studies highlighted how the beneficial effects of physical activity may be related to the stability of the DNA molecule, such as longer telomeric ends. Here we analyze the effect of exercise training on telomere length, spontaneous and H2O2-induced DNA damage, as well as the apoptosis level in leukocytes from untrained or trained T2D patients vs...
June 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645948/the-relationship-between-bicycle-commuting-and-perceived-stress-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Ione Avila-Palencia, Audrey de Nazelle, Tom Cole-Hunter, David Donaire-Gonzalez, Michael Jerrett, Daniel A Rodriguez, Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen
INTRODUCTION: Active commuting - walking and bicycling for travel to and/or from work or educational addresses - may facilitate daily, routine physical activity. Several studies have investigated the relationship between active commuting and commuting stress; however, there are no studies examining the relationship between solely bicycle commuting and perceived stress, or studies that account for environmental determinants of bicycle commuting and stress. The current study evaluated the relationship between bicycle commuting, among working or studying adults in a dense urban setting, and perceived stress...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645314/neuromuscular-function-during-knee-extension-exercise-after-cold-water-immersion
#9
Hitoshi Wakabayashi, Titis Wijayanto, Yutaka Tochihara
BACKGROUND: Human adaptability to cold environment has been focused on in the physiological anthropology and related research area. Concerning the human acclimatization process in the natural climate, it is necessary to conduct a research assessing comprehensive effect of cold environment and physical activities in cold. This study investigated the effect of cold water immersion on the exercise performance and neuromuscular function during maximal and submaximal isometric knee extension...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Physiological Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645259/adapted-yoga-to-improve-physical-function-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-physically-inactive-older-adults-a-randomised-controlled-pilot-trial
#10
Garry A Tew, Jenny Howsam, Matthew Hardy, Laura Bissell
BACKGROUND: Yoga is a holistic therapy of expanding popularity, which has the potential to produce a range of physical, mental and social benefits. This trial evaluated the feasibility and effects of an adapted yoga programme on physical function and health-related quality of life in physically-inactive older adults. METHODS: In this randomised controlled pilot trial, 52 older adults (90% female; mean age 74.8 years, SD 7.2) were randomised 1:1 to a yoga programme or wait-list control...
June 23, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644242/effects-of-participation-in-sports-programs-on-walking-ability-and-endurance-over-time-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#11
Sandy A Ross, Morgan Yount, Sara Ankarstad, Samantha Bock, Britta Orso, Kimberly Perry, Jennifer Miros, Janice E Brunstrom-Hernandez
OBJECTIVE: Children with cerebral palsy may benefit from maintaining a high level of physical fitness similar to typically developing children especially in terms of long-term physical performance, although in practice this is often difficult. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of participation in sports programs on walking ability and endurance over time. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study included participants with cerebral palsy, aged 6 to 20 yrs, who attended a summer sports program from 2004 to 2012...
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642676/international-society-of-sports-nutrition-position-stand-protein-and-exercise
#12
REVIEW
Ralf Jäger, Chad M Kerksick, Bill I Campbell, Paul J Cribb, Shawn D Wells, Tim M Skwiat, Martin Purpura, Tim N Ziegenfuss, Arny A Ferrando, Shawn M Arent, Abbie E Smith-Ryan, Jeffrey R Stout, Paul J Arciero, Michael J Ormsbee, Lem W Taylor, Colin D Wilborn, Doug S Kalman, Richard B Kreider, Darryn S Willoughby, Jay R Hoffman, Jamie L Krzykowski, Jose Antonio
The International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN) provides an objective and critical review related to the intake of protein for healthy, exercising individuals. Based on the current available literature, the position of the Society is as follows:An acute exercise stimulus, particularly resistance exercise, and protein ingestion both stimulate muscle protein synthesis (MPS) and are synergistic when protein consumption occurs before or after resistance exercise.For building muscle mass and for maintaining muscle mass through a positive muscle protein balance, an overall daily protein intake in the range of 1...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642660/bone-fragility-fracture-risk-and-trauma-a-complicated-triangle-in-children
#13
De-Fa Huang, Deng-Kun Lv, Qi-Lin Zhao, Li-Feng Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To analyze whether association between bone fragility and risk of fracture depends on the trauma level. METHOD: All participants along with their mothers underwent DXA scan and body measurements. The subjects answered a self-report questionnaire about their physical activities and the precipitating causes. The questionnaire results were associated with DXA performed at the baseline visit. RESULTS: A total 374 children with available DXA scan and complete follow-up of 5 years were included in the final analysis...
March 2017: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642646/intensity-duration-and-type-of-physical-activity-required-to-improve-function-in-knee-osteoarthritis
#14
Ricardo Akihiro Kirihara, Fellipe Bravim Catelan, Fabiane Elize Sabino DE Farias, Cleidnéia Aparecida Clemente DA Silva, Claudia Helena DE Azevedo Cernigoy, Márcia Uchoa DE Rezende
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of physical activity intensity, type and duration in patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) . METHODS: A retrospective study of 195 KOA patients who were followed for two years after receiving educational material about KOA with or without attending classes. The patients were evaluated at baseline and 24 months. At the evaluations, the patients answered questionnaires pertaining to pain and function (WOMAC, Lequesne, VAS and SF-36); reported the intensity, duration and type of exercise performed per week; and performed the Timed Up & Go (TUG) and Five Times Sit-to-Stand (FTSST) tests ...
January 2017: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642645/parqve-project-arthritis-recovering-quality-of-life-through-education-two-year-results
#15
Márcia Uchoa DE Rezende, Renato Frucchi, Alexandre Felício Pailo, Gustavo Constantino DE Campos, Thiago Pasqualin, Marcelo Issao Hissadomi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a multi-professional educational program in patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) . METHODS: Prospective randomized controlled trial with 195 KOA patients. One group was submitted to two-day lectures and received educational material about KOA (Class group), and the control group received the educational material only. Patients were evaluated at baseline, twelve and 24 months. At evaluation, patients answered pain and functional questionnaires (WOMAC, Lequesne, VAS and SF-36); reported the intensity of exercise per week; measured the body fat percentage, weight and height to estimate body mass index (BMI); and performed Timed Up & Go (TUG) and Five-Times-Sit-to-Stand (FTSST) tests ...
January 2017: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640773/salivary-mitochondrial-dna-copy-number-is-associated-with-exercise-ventilatory-efficiency
#16
Yang Chen, Helene Z Hill, Gudrun Lange, Michael J Falvo
Chen, Y, Hill, HZ, Lange, G, and Falvo, MJ. Salivary mitochondrial DNA copy number is associated with exercise ventilatory efficiency. J Strength Cond Res 31(7): 2000-2004, 2017-Mitochondrial DNA copy number (mtDNAcn) is an index of mitochondrial content and is responsive to changes in exercise training volume. Therefore, assessment of mtDNAcn may help to optimize exercise prescription and aid in athlete monitoring. Although previous work has assessed mtDNAcn derived from skeletal muscle and blood using invasive approaches, no study has examined salivary mtDNAcn and its relationship with sport performance...
July 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640136/cost-effectiveness-of-neck-specific-exercise-with-or-without-a-behavioral-approach-versus-physical-activity-prescription-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-whiplash-associated-disorders-analyses-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Maria Landén Ludvigsson, Anneli Peolsson, Gunnel Peterson, Åsa Dedering, Gun Johansson, Lars Bernfort
BACKGROUND: Fifty percent of people injured by whiplash still report neck pain after 1 year and costs associated with whiplash associated disorders (WAD) are mostly attributed to health service and sick-leave costs in chronic conditions. With increasing health care expenditures the economic impact of interventions needs to be considered. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the cost-effectiveness of physiotherapist-led neck-specific exercise without (NSE) or with a behavioral approach (NSEB), or prescription of physical activity (PPA) in chronic WAD, grade 2 to 3...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639320/diet-physical-activity-and-behavioural-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-overweight-or-obese-adolescents-aged-12-to-17-years
#18
REVIEW
Lena Al-Khudairy, Emma Loveman, Jill L Colquitt, Emma Mead, Rebecca E Johnson, Hannah Fraser, Joan Olajide, Marie Murphy, Rochelle Marian Velho, Claire O'Malley, Liane B Azevedo, Louisa J Ells, Maria-Inti Metzendorf, Karen Rees
BACKGROUND: Adolescent overweight and obesity has increased globally, and can be associated with short- and long-term health consequences. Modifying known dietary and behavioural risk factors through behaviour changing interventions (BCI) may help to reduce childhood overweight and obesity. This is an update of a review published in 2009. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of diet, physical activity and behavioural interventions for the treatment of overweight or obese adolescents aged 12 to 17 years...
June 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638978/screening-score-for-early-detection-of-cardio-metabolic-risk-in-indian-adults
#19
Deepa Pandit-Agrawal, Anuradha Khadilkar, Shashi Chiplonkar, Vaman Khadilkar, Vivek Patwardhan
OBJECTIVES: To develop and to evaluate efficacy of screening score for early detection of cardio-metabolic risk (CMR) in adults. METHODS: Cross-sectional data on anthropometry, lipids, sugar levels, diet, and physical activity were collected on 720 adults (361 men, 35-50 year) using standardized techniques. Screening score was developed using regression analysis-cluster of risk conditions (blood pressure, lipids, and sugar levels) was dependent variable against age, sex, waist, diet, and physical activity as independent variables...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638217/diet-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-what-to-recommend-not-what-to-forbid-to-patients
#20
REVIEW
Anamaria Cozma-Petruţ, Felicia Loghin, Doina Miere, Dan Lucian Dumitraşcu
A substantial proportion of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) associate their symptoms with the ingestion of specific foods. Therefore, in recent years, scientific research has increasingly focused on the role of diet in IBS and dietary management is now considered an important tool in IBS treatment. This article reviews the main dietary approaches in IBS emphasizing evidence from experimental and observational studies and summarizing the main diet and lifestyle recommendations provided by dietary guidelines and scientific literature...
June 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
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