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"Physical activity" and "performance"

Andreas Triantafyllidis, Dimitris Filos, Roselien Buys, Jomme Claes, Véronique Cornelissen, Evangelia Kouidi, Anargyros Chatzitofis, Dimitris Zarpalas, Petros Daras, Deirdre Walsh, Catherine Woods, Kieran Moran, Nicos Maglaveras, Ioanna Chouvarda
BACKGROUND: Exercise-based rehabilitation plays a key role in improving the health and quality of life of patients with Cardiovascular Disease (CVD). Home-based computer-assisted rehabilitation programs have the potential to facilitate and support physical activity interventions and improve health outcomes. OBJECTIVES: We present the development and evaluation of a computerized Decision Support System (DSS) for unsupervised exercise rehabilitation at home, aiming to show the feasibility and potential of such systems toward maximizing the benefits of rehabilitation programs...
August 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
Chao Song, Haijun Guo, Weiyan Gong, Yan Zhang, Caicui Ding, Ganyu Feng, Ailing Liu
OBJECTIVE: To describe the status of sedentary activities of the Chinese pupils in the leisure time, and to provide basic information for developing intervention strategies. METHODS: Utilizing the data of 2010-2012 China National Nutrition and Health Surveillance, using the multi-stage stratified cluster randomization sampling method, a total of 39 242 pupils on sedentary activities including watching TV, using computer, playing computer games, reading and doing homework, was analyzed...
September 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Qingqing Man, Shaojie Pang, Hui Wang, Yuqian Li, Lixiang Li, Jingzhong Wang
OBJECTIVE: To know the prevalence of low body weight among middleaged and elderly people in general rural areas of China and investigate the influence factors. METHODS: A total of 25 464 participants who were 45 years old and above from2010-2012 China National Nutrition and Health Surveillance as subjects to investigate the prevalence of low body weight. For 545 low body weight participants, we performed a1∶ 2 case-control study to investigate the influence factors...
January 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Hanen Samouda, Maria Ruiz-Castell, Valery Bocquet, Andrea Kuemmerle, Anna Chioti, Frédéric Dadoun, Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala, Saverio Stranges
The analyses of geographic variations in the prevalence of major chronic conditions, such as overweight and obesity, are an important public health tool to identify "hot spots" and inform allocation of funding for policy and health promotion campaigns, yet rarely performed. Here we aimed at exploring, for the first time in Luxembourg, potential geographic patterns in overweight/obesity prevalence in the country, adjusted for several demographic, socioeconomic, behavioural and health status characteristics...
2018: PloS One
Joan Aguilera-Castells, Bernat Buscà, Azahara Fort-Vanmeerhaeghe, Alicia M Montalvo, Javier Peña
Suspension training is an adjunct to traditional strength and conditioning. The effect of added instability on muscle activation during traditional exercises is unclear and depends on the exercise and type of instability. The purpose of this review was to compare the activations of different muscles in suspension training exercises and their traditional counterparts. A search of the current literature was performed without language restrictions using the electronic databases PubMed (1969-12 January 2017), SPORTDiscus (1969-12 January 2017) and Scopus (1969-12 January 2017)...
June 14, 2018: Sports Biomechanics
Jadwiga Szymura, Magdalena Wiecek, Marcin Maciejczyk, Joanna Gradek, Malgorzata Kantorowicz, Zbigniew Szygula
Objective: Endurance runners may experience "sports anemia" resulting from intravascular hemolysis. In addition, aging has negative impact on hematopoiesis and rheological properties of blood, and erythrocyte membranes in older people are more vulnerable to oxidative damage, which together can lead to anemia. Whole-body cryostimulation (WBCST) is increasingly used in the elderly as a method of biological regeneration of athletes or therapy and preventive treatment. That is why the aim of the study was to determine whether repeated WBCST had an effect on the erythrocyte system in master marathon runners, compared to non-training men...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Yann C Klimentidis, David A Raichlen, Jennifer Bea, David O Garcia, Nathan E Wineinger, Lawrence J Mandarino, Gene E Alexander, Zhao Chen, Scott B Going
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Physical activity (PA) protects against a wide range of diseases. Habitual PA appears to be heritable, motivating the search for specific genetic variants that may inform efforts to promote PA and target the best type of PA for each individual. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We used data from the UK Biobank to perform the largest genome-wide association study of PA to date, using three measures based on self-report (nmax  = 377,234) and two measures based on wrist-worn accelerometry data (nmax  = 91,084)...
June 13, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Sigal Tepper, Amit Alter Sivashensky, Danit Rivkah Shahar, Diklah Geva, Tali Cukierman-Yaffe
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Diabetes and dysglycemia increase the risk of frailty and decreased physical abilities. Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet (MD) may reduce this risk. We hypothesized that adherence to the MD is associated with physical function in older type-2 diabetic patients and that the association is stratified by age. METHODS AND RESULTS: We recruited type-2 diabetes patients aged >60 years at the Center for Successful Aging with Diabetes at Sheba Medical Center...
June 14, 2018: Nutrients
Helena Grönstedt, Sofia Vikström, Tommy Cederholm, Erika Franzén, Åke Seiger, Anders Wimo, Gerd Faxén-Irving, Anne-Marie Boström
BACKGROUND: Poor nutrition and age per see add to the development of sarcopenia, i.e. loss of muscle mass and strength, which contributes to increased risk of impaired activities of daily living (ADL) and reduced independence. Protein deficiency plays an important role in the development of sarcopenia. In order to increase the muscle mass protein intake should be combined with physical exercise. A daily physical activity, the sit-to-stand exercise, has been proven to decrease older persons' dependence in ADL...
June 7, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
Laura Mori, Valeria Prada, Alessio Signori, Davide Pareyson, Giuseppe Piscosquito, Luca Padua, Costanza Pazzaglia, Gian M Fabrizi, Alessandro Picelli, Angelo Schenone
BACKGROUND: The outcome measures (OMs) in clinical trials for Charcot Marie Tooth disease (CMT) still represent an issue. A recent study highlighted that three additional clinical OMs, the 10 meters walk test (10MWT), 9 hole-peg test, and foot dorsal flexion dynamometry, further improve discrimination between severely and mildly affected patients. Another study recently assess the validity and reliability of the 6 Minutes Walking test (6MWT). AIM: To identify the most useful scales in the clinical evaluation of CMT1A patients...
June 11, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Elvar Smari Saevarsson, Sigridur Lara Gudmundsdottir, Marko Kantomaa, Sigurbjorn A Arngrimsson, Thorarinn Sveinsson, Sigurgrimur Skulason, Erlingur Johannsson
AIM: The associations between body fat levels and physical activity with academic performance are inconclusive and were explored using longitudinal data. METHODS: We enrolled 134/242 adolescents aged 15, who were studied at the age of nine and agreed to be followed up from April to May 2015 for the Health behaviours of Icelandic youth study. Accelerometers measured physical activity, body mass indexes were calculated and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scans assessed the participants' body composition at nine and 15...
June 13, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
Weicong Cai, Yang Gao, Wenda Yang, Fuyuan Cheng, Dongchun Tang, Liping Li
Physical activity (PA) promotion is beneficial to gain and maintain optimal health, but might increase risks for physical activity-related injury (PARI). This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the incidence rate and identify risk factors of PARI among Chinese middle school students. Selected via the method of cluster random sampling, students graded 7⁻8 (junior) and 10⁻11 (senior) from five middle schools (aged from 10 to 18 years old) in Shantou were invited to participate in the survey. Information on socio-demography, PA involvement, sleep duration, individual safety awareness and exercise behavior, and PARI experiences in the past 12 month was collected...
June 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Raed Bahelah, Kenneth D Ward, Ziyad Ben Taleb, Joseph R DiFranza, Thomas Eissenberg, Rana Jaber, Wasim Maziak
INTRODUCTION: Waterpipe smoking continues to pose significant challenges to tobacco control efforts and many adolescent waterpipe smokers experience symptoms of nicotine dependence (ND). This study examined the predictors of progression of ND symptoms in adolescent waterpipe smokers. METHODS: We assembled a cohort of Lebanese adolescents enrolled in eighth and ninth grades at baseline, and surveyed them every 6 months over the next 24 months. Progression of ND symptoms was defined as an increase over time in the number of items endorsed on the Hooked on Nicotine Checklist...
June 12, 2018: Tobacco Control
Kiley M Algya, Tzu-Wen L Cross, Kristen N Leuck, Megan E Kastner, Toshiro Baba, Lynn Lye, Maria R C de Godoy, Kelly S Swanson
Despite their popularity, little research has been performed on lightly cooked and raw diet formats for pets. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the apparent total tract macronutrient digestibility (ATTD); fecal characteristics, metabolites, and microbiota; serum chemistry metabolites; urinalysis; and voluntary physical activity levels of adult dogs fed commercial diets differing in processing type. The diets included: 1) Extruded Dry Kibble (EXT) diet; 2) High-Moisture Roasted Refrigerated (RR) diet; 3) High-Moisture Grain-Free Roasted Refrigerated (GFRR) diet; and 4) Raw (RAW) diet...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
M T Adil, V Jain, F Rashid, O Al-Taan, D Whitelaw, P Jambulingam
BACKGROUND: Obesity leads to an impairment of physical function that limits the ability to perform basic physical activities affecting quality of life. Literature on the effect of bariatric surgery on physical function is confounding and generally of low quality. METHODS: A comprehensive search was undertaken using MEDLINE, Scopus (including Embase), CENTRAL, PubMed, SPORTDiscus, Scirus and OpenGrey for published research and non-published studies to 31 March 2017...
June 12, 2018: British Journal of Surgery
Anni Rava, Anu Pihlak, Tatjana Kums, Priit Purge, Mati Pääsuke, Jaak Jürimäe
BACKGROUND: Older adults have twice as many disabilities and four times as many physical limitations as people <60 years of age. Positive influence of physical activity to prevent these limitations has been presented in some studies. However, the indispensable combination of physical abilities and body composition parameters to maintain independence in later life and their relationship with physical activity has not been studied thoroughly. OBJECTIVE: The main aim of this study was to determine possible differences in body composition and mobility parameters among older women with various levels of engagement in physical activity...
June 8, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
Sarah Armstrong, Charlene A Wong, Eliana Perrin, Sara Page, Lauren Sibley, Asheley Skinner
Importance: Physical activity in youth is associated with adult health. Understanding the prevalence and factors of moderate to vigorous physical activity among adolescents and young adults will guide public health and policy efforts. Objectives: To describe the current patterns of physical activity and duration among adolescents and young adults and to identify the direction and magnitude of associations between physical activity and income, race/ethnicity, and sex...
June 11, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
Sehun Park, Tona Hetzler, Dave Hammons, Gary Ward
BACKGROUND: Many studies report a relationship between poor static posture (SP) and low back pain (LBP). This study examined the effects of a biofeedback postural training program on pre-existing LBP, changes to level of physical activity and workability in participants. OBJECTIVE: To determine if static posture training with biofeedback alleviates LBP. METHODS: The control group wore a pedometer to track level of physical activity and the experimental group wore the postural training device, Lumo Lift, for three weeks...
May 27, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Muhammad Rafique, Zhang Bing, Javed Ali Soomro, Sun Zhong Wei
OBJECTIVE: To assess the health-related physical fitness status of students and the attributes of performance in terms of endurance and power. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was conducted at University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Pakistan, and Tsinghua University, Beijing, China, during academic session of January 2012 to December 2013, and comprised an equal number of male and female students aged 18-23 years. Prior to the assessment, physical activity readiness questionnaire was filled by all the subjects, while standardised health-related physical fitness criterion was used to make comparisons in terms of oxygen consumption...
June 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
X Y Gong, J C Chen, J X Li, J Cao, D S Hu, C Shen, X F Lu, Z Y Zhou, Z D Liu, X L Yang, J P Huang, S F Chen, D F Gu
Objective: To investigate the relationship between physical activity (PA) and the risk of incident hypertension among population in rural areas of China. Methods: The Community Intervention of Metabolic Syndrome in China & Chinese Family Health Study (CIMIC) was conducted in 2007-2008. Data on PA, smoking, drinking, blood pressure and other variables were obtained at baseline. Then the follow-up study of incident hypertension was performed during 2012-2015. A total of 41 457 participants aged ≥18 years and free from hypertension at baseline were included in the final analyses...
June 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
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