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"Physical exercise" and "performance"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149790/impressions-of-using-the-cohen-mansfield-agitation-inventory-as-an-outcome-measure-lessons-learnt-for-future-clinical-researchers-innovative-practice
#1
Lindsey Brett, Victoria Traynor, Shahla Meedya, Paul Stapley
The Cohen-Mansfield Agitation Inventory was a tool originally developed for use in research to measure agitation and subsequently used in clinical settings. It was the primary outcome measure for a randomised controlled trial which evaluated the effects and feasibility of a physiotherapist-led physical exercise intervention on agitation and physical performance of individuals living with dementia in nursing homes. The study produced weak results in regards to the Cohen-Mansfield Agitation Inventory due to small sample size and perceived issues with the use of the Cohen-Mansfield Agitation Inventory...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148629/carbohydrate-mouth-rinse-improves-cycling-performance-carried-out-until-the-volitional-exhaustion
#2
Bruno Bavaresco Gambassi, Ylana Gomes de Santana Barros Leal, Edson R Pinheiro Dos Anjos, Bruna A Antonelli, Daniela C Gomes Gonçalves E Silva, Iracema H Pires de Mélo Montenegro, Rita di Cássia de Oliveira Angelo, Isis S Correia Moura, Paulo A Schwingel
BACKGROUND: Carbohydrates (CHO) are among the most investigated nutritional ergogenic aids, and may be consumed in different forms, e.g., mouth rinse with carbohydrate solution (MRCS). In this sense, the aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of MRCS on the performance of physically active individuals undergoing a physical exercise session carried out until the volitional exhaustion. METHODS: This is a counter-balanced randomized study, with a double-blind design...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147771/maximum-striking-velocities-in-strikes-with-steel-rods-the-influence-of-rod-length-rod-mass-and-volunteer-parameters
#3
T X Trinh, S Heinke, C Rode, S Schenkl, M Hubig, G Mall, Holger Muggenthaler
In blunt force trauma to the head caused by attacks with blunt instruments, contact forces can be estimated based on the conservation of momentum if impact velocities are known. The aims of this work were to measure maximum striking velocities and to examine the influence of rod parameters such as rod mass and length as well as volunteer parameters such as sex, age, body height, body mass, body mass index and the average amount of physical exercise. Steel rods with masses of 500, 1000 and 1500 g as well as lengths of 40, 65 and 90 cm were exemplarily tested as blunt instruments...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134054/application-of-two-intervention-programs-in-order-to-optimize-motivation-and-to-improve-eating-habits-in-adult-and-elderly-women
#4
Marta Leyton, Marco Batista, Susana Lobato, Mª Isabel Aspano, Ruth Jiménez
The objective of this study was to analyse the effectiveness of two intervention programs: a physical exercise program with strategies to support the three basic psychological needs (autonomy, competence and relatedness); and a physical exercise program with nutritional education in order to improve the lifestyles of adult and elderly women who practiced functional maintenance. The Self-Determination Theory was applied as the theoretical framework. A sample of 135 women aged between 40 and 88 years (59.66 ± 10...
October 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127930/indoor-air-quality-of-environments-used-for-physical-exercise-and-sports-practice-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Alexandro Andrade, Fábio Hech Dominski
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews have the potential to contribute substantially to environmental health and risk assessment. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate indoor air quality of environments used for physical exercise and sports practice through a systematic review. METHODS: The systematic review followed the PRISMA guidelines and was recorded in the PROSPERO registry (CRD42016036057). The search was performed using the SciELO, Science Direct, Scopus, LILACS, MEDLINE via PubMed, and SPORTDiscus databases, from their inception through April 2017...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126338/effect-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-on-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor
#6
Toshiaki Miyamoto, Keihou Kou, Hideya Yanamoto, Saya Hashimoto, Mai Ikawa, Takashi Sekiyama, Yoshiki Nakano, Shin-Ichiro Kashiwamura, Chisako Takeda, Hiroyuki Fujioka
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been considered an essential mediator responsible for the beneficial effects of physical activity in preventing cognitive impairment. This study aimed at examining the effects of a single bout of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) on levels of BDNF in the plasma and on cognitive performance in healthy adult men. Thirteen healthy adult men participated in three experimental sessions. The first session was 30 min of NMES to both legs, the second was 30 min of cycling exercise at the intensity of 60% peak oxygen uptake, and the third was 30 min of complete rest...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124329/recruitment-to-and-pilot-results-of-the-paces-randomized-trial-of-physical-exercise-during-adjuvant-chemotherapy-for-colon-cancer
#7
Hanna van Waart, Martijn M Stuiver, Wim H van Harten, Edwin Geleijn, Marianne de Maaker-Berkhof, Jolanda Schrama, Maud M Geenen, Jetske M Meerum Terwogt, Simone M van den Heiligenberg, Jeannette A J H Hellendoorn-van Vreeswijk, Gabe S Sonke, Neil K Aaronson
PURPOSE: We report the recruitment rate, reasons for and factors influencing non-participation, and descriptive results of a randomized controlled trial of two different exercise programs for patients with colon cancer undergoing adjuvant chemotherapy. METHODS: Participants were randomized to a low-intensity, home-based program (Onco-Move), a moderate- to high-intensity, combined supervised resistance and aerobic exercise program (OnTrack), or Usual Care. Non-participants provided reasons for non-participation and were asked to complete a questionnaire assessing behavioral and attitudinal variables...
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121961/a-multicomponent-intervention-for-the-management-of-chronic-pain-in-older-adults-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Sheung-Tak Cheng, Ka Long Chan, Rosanna W L Lam, Monique H T Mok, Phoon Ping Chen, Yu Fat Chow, Joanne W Y Chung, Alexander C B Law, Jenny S W Lee, Edward M F Leung, Cindy W C Tam
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that physical interventions and psychological methods based on the cognitive behavioral approach are efficacious in alleviating pain and that combining both tends to yield more benefits than either intervention alone. In view of the aging population with chronic pain and the lack of evidence-based pain management programs locally, we developed a multicomponent intervention incorporating physical exercise and cognitive behavioral techniques and examined its long-term effects against treatment as usual (i...
November 9, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119954/-the-role-of-dosed-walking-in-the-combination-with-elements-of-cognitive-training-in-the-comprehensive-treatment-of-the-patients-presenting-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#9
N A Zimushkina, P V Kosareva, V G Cherkasova
AIM: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of dosed physical exercises for the combined treatment of the patients presenting with mild to moderate dementia associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The comprehensive examination involved 41 patients (32 women and 9 men) with the confirmed diagnosis of 'probable' AD with stages 1 and 2 of dementia and 17 healthy volunteers comprising the group of comparison. In all the patients, the neurological examination was supplemented by neuropsychological testing...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114536/short-term-combined-exercise-training-improves-cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-autonomic-modulation-in-cancer-patients-receiving-adjuvant-therapy
#10
Cristiano Mostarda, Jurema Castro-Filha, Andréa Dias Reis, Mário Sevílio, Carlos José Dias, Antonio Carlos Silva-Filho, João Batista Silva Garcia, Maria do Desterro Nascimento, Hélio José Coelho-Junior, Bruno Rodrigues
The present study aimed to investigate the impact of a short-term exercise training (ET) on the cardiorespiratory fitness and autonomic modulation of women with breast cancer who were receiving adjuvant radiotherapy, chemotherapy or hormonotherapy. Eighteen women previously diagnosed with breast cancer receiving adjuvant radiotherapy, chemotherapy or hormone therapy were randomly allocated into breast cancer nonexercise (BC) and exercise groups (BC+Ex). Moreover, nine healthy physically inactive volunteers were recruited to compose the noncancer control group (CG)...
October 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114531/effects-of-a-short-term-detraining-period-on-muscle-functionality-and-cognition-of-strength-trained-older-women-a-preliminary-report
#11
Hélio José Coelho, Bruno Rodrigues, Ivan de Oliveira Gonçalves, Marco Carlos Uchida
The present study aimed to investigate the impact of a 1-month detraining composed by Christmas and New Year's Day in the functional and cognitive parameters of 12 older women who had previously participated in 22-week moderate intensity strength training program (ST; n=6) or remained performing their regular habits of life during all study period, without engaging in physical exercise programs (CG; n=6). Transfer capacity (i.e., Timed Up and Go [TUG]) and executive function (i.e., TUG with a cognitive task) were increased in the ST group after the intervention...
October 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114513/low-blood-pressure-is-sustained-during-subsequent-activities-of-daily-living-performed-after-power-training-in-older-women
#12
Hélio José Coelho-Júnior, Bruno Rodrigues, Samuel da Silva Aguiar, Ivan de Oliveira Gonçalves, Ricardo Yukio Asano, Maria-Cláudia Irigoyen, Daniele Jardim Feriani, Marco Carlos Uchida
The present study aimed to examine the effects of a prior session of power training on blood pressure values during tasks that mimic the activities of daily living in hypertensive and normotensive older women. A randomized crossover experimental design was used for this study. Eleven older women (age, 66.1±1.2 years; body mass index, 26.7±4.8 kg/m(2); systolic blood pressure, 133.9±23.4 mmHg) were recruited to participate. Volunteers were randomly underwent to a single session of physical exercise equalized by training volume, characterized by 3 sets of 8-10 repetitions in 8 different exercises...
August 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111120/abnormal-coronary-flow-velocity-reserve-and-decreased-myocardial-contractile-reserve-are-main-factors-in-relation-to-physical-exercise-capacity-in-cardiac-amyloidosis
#13
Tor Skibsted Clemmensen, Hans Eiskjær, Henning Mølgaard, Anders Hostrup Larsen, Jens Soerensen, Niels Frost Andersen, Lars Poulsen Tolbod, Hendrik J Harms, Steen Hvitfeldt Poulsen
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical importance of echocardiographic coronary flow velocity reserve (CFVR), resting and exercise left ventricular global longitudinal strain (LVGLS), and myocardial work efficiency (MWE) in patients with cardiac amyloidosis (CA). METHODS: The study population comprised 69 subjects: group A, 27 patients with CA confirmed by endomyocardial biopsy (CA positive); group B, 42 healthy control subjects. The amyloid phenotype in group A was as follows: patients with wild-type transthyretin-related amyloidosis (n = 10), carriers of the Danish familial transthyretin amyloidosis mutation with cardiac involvement (n = 5), and patients with amyloid light chain amyloidosis with cardiac involvement (n = 12)...
October 27, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108205/-investigation-and-analysis-of-the-knowledge-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-among-residents-in-hebei-province-china
#14
Q F Liang, Y D Wang, C Y Zhao
Objective: To investigate the knowledge of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) among medical staff and general population in Hebei Province, China, understand the degree of awareness of NAFLD among residents, standardize the diagnosis and treatment of NAFLD, improve the correct awareness of NAFLD among general population, promote the establishment of a reasonable lifestyle, and scientifically and effectively control the incidence and mortality rates of NAFLD. Methods: The investigation was performed in 30 hospitals and neighboring schools and communities in Hebei Province, and a questionnaire survey on the knowledge of NAFLD was performed for 1 300 medical workers and 2 000 persons from the general population...
October 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105628/enhanced-physical-endurance-and-improved-memory-performance-following-taurine-administration-in-rats
#15
Irfan Sajid, Saara Ahmad, Shaista Emad, Zehra Batool, Saima Khaliq, Lubna Anis, Saiqa Tabassum, Syeda Madiha, Laraib Liaquat, Sadia Sadir, Tahira Perveen, Saida Haider
Energy drinks enhance physical endurance and cognitive ability. The ingredients present in these drinks are considered as ergogenic and have memory boosting effects. In the present study effects of taurine administration for one week was monitored on physical exercise and memory performance in rats. Animals were divided into two groups namely control and test. Taurine was injected intraperitoneally to the test group at the dose of 100mg/kg. After one week of treatment rats were subjected to physical exercise and memory task...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069229/physical-exercise-induced-fatigue-the-role-of-serotonergic-and-dopaminergic-systems
#16
L M S Cordeiro, P C R Rabelo, M M Moraes, F Teixeira-Coelho, C C Coimbra, S P Wanner, D D Soares
Brain serotonin and dopamine are neurotransmitters related to fatigue, a feeling that leads to reduced intensity or interruption of physical exercises, thereby regulating performance. The present review aims to present advances on the understanding of fatigue, which has recently been proposed as a defense mechanism instead of a "physiological failure" in the context of prolonged (aerobic) exercises. We also present recent advances on the association between serotonin, dopamine and fatigue. Experiments with rodents, which allow direct manipulation of brain serotonin and dopamine during exercise, clearly indicate that increased serotoninergic activity reduces performance, while increased dopaminergic activity is associated with increased performance...
October 19, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062276/enhancing-innovation-and-underlying-neural-mechanisms-via-cognitive-training-in-healthy-older-adults
#17
Sandra B Chapman, Jeffrey S Spence, Sina Aslan, Molly W Keebler
Non-invasive interventions, such as cognitive training (CT) and physical exercise, are gaining momentum as ways to augment both cognitive and brain function throughout life. One of the most fundamental yet little studied aspects of human cognition is innovative thinking, especially in older adults. In this study, we utilize a measure of innovative cognition that examines both the quantity and quality of abstracted interpretations. This randomized pilot trial in cognitively normal adults (56-75 years) compared the effect of cognitive reasoning training (SMART) on innovative cognition as measured by Multiple Interpretations Measure (MIM)...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060016/development-and-testing-of-a-new-cognitive-technological-tool-for-episodic-memory-a-feasibility-study
#18
M Maselli, L Fiorini, E Castro, I Baldoli, S Tocchini, M T Sportiello, F Cavallo, F Cecchi, C Laschi
Cognitive Rehabilitation Therapy refers to any systemic therapy specifically designed to enhance cognitive performance. Recent studies have shown that physical exercise is beneficial for cognitive activity in patients with degenerative diseases. Therefore, the objective of the present study is to provide training for cognitive functions that take advantage of the physical activity in the execution of the task. A feasibility study concerning the application of a new bioengineering technique in cognitive rehabilitation is presented and it divided into two parts...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049336/exercise-as-adjunctive-treatment-for-alcohol-use-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Kirsten K Roessler, Randi Bilberg, Anette Søgaard Nielsen, Kurt Jensen, Claus Thorn Ekstrøm, Sengül Sari
AIMS: To examine whether physical activity as an adjunct to outpatient alcohol treatment has an effect on alcohol consumption following participation in an exercise intervention of six months' duration, and at 12 months after treatment initiation. METHODS: The study is a randomized controlled study with three arms: Patients allocated to (A) treatment as usual, (B) treatment as usual and supervised group exercise, (C) treatment as usual and individual physical exercise...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042473/pharmacologic-stress-testing-with-myocardial-perfusion-imaging
#20
Robert A Pagnanelli, Heidi L Camposano
Stress testing with myocardial perfusion imaging can be performed with either physical exercise or pharmacologic methods. The preferred method is physical exercise however many patients are unable to reach an adequate endpoint. As an alternative, there are various pharmacologic options available.
October 17, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
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