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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774032/protein-o-glcnac-modification-increases-in-white-blood-cells-after-a-single-bout-of-physical-exercise
#1
Tamás Nagy, Emese Kátai, Viktória Fisi, Tamás Tibor Takács, Antal Stréda, István Wittmann, Attila Miseta
Background: Protein O-linked N -acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) is a dynamic posttranslational modification influencing the function of many intracellular proteins. Recently it was revealed that O-GlcNAc regulation is modified under various stress states, including ischemia and oxidative stress. Aside from a few contradictory studies based on animal models, the effect of exercise on O-GlcNAc is unexplored. Purpose: To evaluate O-GlcNAc levels in white blood cells (WBC) of human volunteers following physical exercise...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768349/comparison-of-multiple-interventions-for-older-adults-with-alzheimer-disease-or-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-prisma-compliant-network-meta-analysis
#2
Jing-Hong Liang, Yong Xu, Lu Lin, Rui-Xia Jia, Hong-Bo Zhang, Lei Hang
BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of Alzheimer disease (AD) emphasizes the need for effective treatments. Both pharmacological therapies such as nutrition therapy (NT) and nonpharmacologic therapies including traditional treatment or personalized treatment (e.g., physical exercise, music therapy, computerized cognitive training) have been approved for the treatment of AD or mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in numerous areas. METHODS: The aim of this study was to compare 4 types of interventions, physical exercise (PE), music therapy (MT), computerized cognitive training (CCT), and NT, in older adults with mild to moderate AD or MCI and identify the most effective intervention for their cognitive function...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756525/the-effectiveness-of-physical-exercise-as-an-intervention-to-reduce-depressive-symptoms-following-traumatic-brain-injury-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#3
Sophie A Perry, Rudi Coetzer, Christopher W N Saville
Alongside the obvious health benefits, physical exercise has been shown to have a modest anti-depressant effect for people in the general population. To the authors' knowledge, there are no current literature reviews or meta-analyses available exploring this effect for people with a traumatic brain injury (TBI). A systematic review of intervention studies utilising physical exercise and mood outcome measures for a TBI population was performed in November 2016. Baseline and outcome data were extracted for the nine studies which met the inclusion criteria...
May 13, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755928/the-effects-of-social-support-on-strenuous-physical-exercise
#4
Arran Davis, Emma Cohen
In humans, socio-environmental cues play an important role in determining adaptive psychophysiological states and behaviours. In sport and exercise, cues to cohesive groups and close, supportive relationships are ubiquitous, possibly because of their effects on neurobiological mechanisms underlying physical performance. Clinical research has shown that the presence of supportive others can lead to reductions in perceptions of pain, while research from sport and exercise science has shown that pain and physical fatigue occupy ranges on a single spectrum of physical discomfort, which works to regulate outputs during strenuous physical exertion...
2018: Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755363/an-evidence-based-approach-for-choosing-post-exercise-recovery-techniques-to-reduce-markers-of-muscle-damage-soreness-fatigue-and-inflammation-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#5
Olivier Dupuy, Wafa Douzi, Dimitri Theurot, Laurent Bosquet, Benoit Dugué
Introduction: The aim of the present work was to perform a meta-analysis evaluating the impact of recovery techniques on delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS), perceived fatigue, muscle damage, and inflammatory markers after physical exercise. Method: Three databases including PubMed, Embase , and Web-of-Science were searched using the following terms: ("recovery" or "active recovery" or "cooling" or "massage" or "compression garment" or "electrostimulation" or "stretching" or "immersion" or "cryotherapy") and ("DOMS" or "perceived fatigue" or "CK" or "CRP" or "IL-6") and ("after exercise" or "post-exercise") for randomized controlled trials, crossover trials, and repeated-measure studies...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753704/effect-of-the-auricular-accupoint-associated-to-physical-exercise-in-elderly-people-a-randomized-clinical-test
#6
Rogéria Gonçalves de Carvalho Fonseca, Andreia Maria Silva, Luiza Faria Teixeira, Valéria Regina Silva, Luciana Maria Dos Reis, Adriana Teresa Silva Santos
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effect of auricular acupoint associated with physical exercise on balance, mobility and fear of falling in the elderly. METHOD: The study is characterized as a clinical, controlled and randomized trial with 22 elderly sampled divided into two groups: kinesiotherapy group (KG, n = 11) and kinesiotherapy/auriculotherapy group (AKG, n = 11). The instruments used for evaluation were Falls Efficacy Scale International (FES-I); Berg Balance Scale (BBS) and Timed up and Go Test (TUG)...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746958/hippocampal-microrna-mrna-regulatory-network-is-affected-by-physical-exercise
#7
Jansen Fernandes, Andre Schwambach Vieira, Juliana Carlota Kramer-Soares, Eduardo Alves Da Silva, Kil Sun Lee, Iscia Lopes-Cendes, Ricardo Mario Arida
BACKGROUND: It is widely known that physical activity positively affects the overall health and brain function. Recently, microRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as potential regulators of numerous biological processes within the brain. These molecules modulate gene expression post-transcriptionally by inducing mRNA degradation and inhibiting the translation of target mRNAs. METHODS: To verify whether the procognitive effects of physical exercise are accompanied by changes in the activity of miRNA-mRNA network in the brain, differential expression analysis was performed in the hippocampus of control (CTL) and exercised (Ex) rats subjected to 4 weeks of treadmill exercise...
May 7, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746848/nitric-oxide-alterations-in-cardiovascular-system-of-rats-with-parkinsonism-induced-by-6-ohda-and-submitted-to-previous-exercise
#8
Lorena de Jager, Eric Diego Turossi Amorim, Bruno Fernando Cruz Lucchetti, Fernanda Novi Cortegoso Lopes, Carlos Cesar Crestani, Phileno Pinge-Filho, Marli Cardoso Martins-Pinge
Studies showed that physical exercise decreases the risk of developing Parkinson's disease (PD) as slowing its progression. During aerobic training, nitric oxide (NO) increases in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc) of individuals with PD. However, no study has evaluated the effects of exercise on peripheral NO levels and its modulatory effects on cardiovascular dysfunctions of subjects with PD. Trained (T) or sedentary (S) animals underwent stereotactic surgery for bilateral 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) or vehicle microinfusion (Sham group)...
May 7, 2018: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745626/train-the-brain-immediate-sensorimotor-effects-of-mentally-performed-flexor-exercises-in-patients-with-neck-pain-a-pilot-study
#9
Konstantin Beinert, Marc Sofsky, Jörg Trojan
BACKGROUND: Sensorimotor tests, like cranio- cervical flexion and cervical joint position sense tests, share a strong cognitive component during their execution. However, cognitive training for those tests has not been investigated so far. AIM: To compare mental and physical exercises for improving the sensorimotor function of the cervical spine. DESIGN: A within-subject design with 16 participants. SETTING: Outpatient physiotherapy centre...
May 9, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738743/effects-of-physical-exercise-interventions-on-dual-task-gait-speed-after-stroke-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Prudence Plummer, Gozde Iyigun
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the treatment effects of exercise and/or gait training interventions on dual-task walking in people with stroke. The secondary objective was to conduct subgroup analyses to compare the treatment effects of interventions involving dual-task training to those without any dual-task training. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search of the literature was conducted in 6 databases (PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and PEDro) up to July 18, 2017...
May 5, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736771/increased-prevalence-of-asymptomatic-vertebral-fractures-in-hiv-infected-patients-over-50-years-of-age
#11
Maria Llop, W A Sifuentes, S Bañón, C Macia-Villa, M J Perez-Elías, M Rosillo, S Moreno, M Vázquez, J L Casado
The prevalence of asymptomatic vertebral fracture in HIV-infected patients over 50 was 20%, associated with older age, male sex, longer time since HIV diagnosis, and tubular renal alterations. Vertebral fractures were independent of osteoporosis at lumbar spine, and were not predicted by the use of the FRAX equation. PURPOSE: Vertebral fractures (VF) are the hallmark of osteoporotic fractures. Our objective was to determine the prevalence of asymptomatic VF and associated factors in HIV-infected patients over 50 years, and the role of FRAX equation...
May 8, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736645/infection-risk-in-gyms-during-physical-exercise
#12
Alexandro Andrade, Fábio Hech Dominski, Marcelo Luiz Pereira, Carla Maria de Liz, Giorgio Buonanno
This study aimed to analyze the risk of infection (influenza and tuberculosis) for individuals participating in physical exercise. This was achieved by assessment of carbon dioxide (CO2 ) concentrations, and examination of the physical characteristics of a number of gyms to determine whether there was a relationship to CO2 levels. This study was performed in three different gyms ventilated with either split system or central system air conditioners. The risk of airborne infection (percent of susceptible persons infected) was estimated for each gym using the Wells-Riley model...
May 7, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736188/ageing-and-exercise-building-body-capital-in-old-age
#13
Astrid Bergland, Marit Fougner, Anne Lund, Jonas Debesay
Background: Research that provides better understanding of the motivational processes in older age to maintain a healthy and active lifestyle is sought after. We apply theoretical approaches to cultural capital, active and healthy aging health to shed light on the women's experiences in maintaining physical capabilities through an active lifestyle, and thereby facilitating their own inclusion in society. Thus, the aim of this paper is to explore why older home dwelling women over the age of 70 years or more spend time in physical exercise and their experiences about the importance of participating in group exercise for their daily life...
2018: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734881/effect-of-ubiquinol-supplementation-on-biochemical-and-oxidative-stress-indexes-after-intense-exercise-in-young-athletes
#14
Patrick Orlando, Sonia Silvestri, Roberta Galeazzi, Roberto Antonicelli, Fabio Marcheggiani, Ilenia Cirilli, Tiziana Bacchetti, Luca Tiano
OBJECTIVES: Physical exercise significantly impacts the biochemistry of the organism. Ubiquinone is a key component of the mitochondrial respiratory chain and ubiquinol, its reduced and active form, is an emerging molecule in sport nutrition. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of ubiquinol supplementation on biochemical and oxidative stress indexes after an intense bout of exercise. METHODS: 21 male young athletes (26 + 5 years of age) were randomized in two groups according to a double blind cross-over study, either supplemented with ubiquinol (200 mg/day) or placebo for 1 month...
December 2018: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732371/hippocampal-tet1-and-tet2-expression-and-dna-hydroxymethylation-are-affected-by-physical-exercise-in-aged-mice
#15
Peter Jessop, Maria Toledo-Rodriguez
The function of 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) is poorly understood. 5hmC is an epigenetic modification of DNA, resulting from the oxidation of 5-methylcytosine (5mC) by the Fe2+ , and 2-oxoglutarate-dependent, 10-11 translocation methylcytosine dioxygenases (TET1, TET2, and TET3). Recent evidence suggests that, in addition to being an intermediate in active demethylation, 5hmC may also have an epigenetic role. 5hmC is enriched in the adult brain, where it has been implicated in regulating neurogenesis. The rate of adult neurogenesis decreases with age, however physical exercise has been shown to counteract this deficit...
2018: Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721504/multicomponent-exercise-improves-physical-functioning-but-not-cognition-and-hemodynamic-parameters-in-elderly-osteoarthritis-patients-regardless-of-hypertension
#16
Hélio José Coelho-Júnior, Ivan de Oliveira Gonçalvez, Iris Callado Sanches, Leandro Gonçalves, Erico Chagas Caperuto, Marco Carlos Uchida, Bruno Rodrigues
The present study aimed to investigate the impact of a 6-month multicomponent exercise program (MCEP) on physical function, cognition, and hemodynamic parameters of elderly normotensive (NTS) and hypertensive (HTS) osteoarthritis patients. A total of 99 elderly osteoarthritis patients (44 NTS and 55 HTS) were recruited and submitted to functional, cognitive, and hemodynamic evaluations before and after six months of a MCEP. The program of exercise was performed twice a week at moderate intensity. The physical exercises aggregated functional and walking exercises...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710765/a-vitamin-e-enriched-antioxidant-diet-interferes-with-the-acute-adaptation-of-the-liver-to-physical-exercise-in-mice
#17
Miriam Hoene, Martin Irmler, Johannes Beckers, Martin Hrabě de Angelis, Hans-Ulrich Häring, Cora Weigert
Physical exercise is beneficial for general health and is an effective treatment for metabolic disorders. Vitamin E is widely used as dietary supplement and is considered to improve non-alcoholic fatty liver disease by reducing inflammation and dyslipidemia. However, increased vitamin E intake may interfere with adaptation to exercise training. Here, we explored how vitamin E alters the acute exercise response of the liver, an organ that plays an essential metabolic role during physical activity. Mice fed a control or an α-tocopherol-enriched diet were subjected to a non-exhaustive treadmill run...
April 28, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706882/cognitive-function-and-brain-atrophy-predict-non-pharmacological-efficacy-in-dementia-the-mihama-kiho-scan-project2
#18
Ken-Ichi Tabei, Masayuki Satoh, Jun-Ichi Ogawa, Tomoko Tokita, Noriko Nakaguchi, Koji Nakao, Hirotaka Kida, Hidekazu Tomimoto
We aimed to determine whether neuropsychological deficits and brain atrophy could predict the efficacy of non-pharmacological interventions. Forty-six participants with mild-to-moderate dementia were monitored for 6 months; 25 underwent an intervention involving physical exercise with music, and 21 performed cognitive stimulation tasks. Participants were categorized into improvement (IMP) and no-IMP subgroups. In the exercise-with-music group, the no-IMP subgroup performed worse than the IMP subgroup on the Rivermead Behavioural Memory Test at baseline...
2018: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705888/a-physical-exercise-program-using-music-supported-video-based-training-in-older-adults-in-nursing-homes-suffering-from-dementia-a-feasibility-study
#19
Joke Spildooren, Ite Speetjens, Johan Abrahams, Peter Feys, Annick Timmermans
BACKGROUND: Motivation towards an exercise program is higher in a small group setting in comparison to individual therapy. Due to attentional problems, group exercises are difficult for people with Alzheimer disease (AD). This study evaluates the feasibility of a music-supported video-based group exercise program in older adults suffering from AD. METHODS: Five participants with moderate AD were recruited from a nursing home. A progressive physical exercise program using a video-based training with musical accompaniment was performed and digitally recorded to investigate the adherence and performed accuracy of the exercises...
April 28, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702987/eletromyography-of-abdominal-muscles-in-different-physical-exercises-an-update-protocol-for-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Thiago Montes Fidale, Felipe Farnesi Ribeiro Borges, Leonardo Roever, Gilmar da Cunha Souza, Alexandre Gonçalves, Eduardo Paul Chacur, Cristhyano Pimenta, Eduardo Gasparetto Haddad, Guilherme Gularte de Agostini, Fábio Clemente Gregório, Fabrício Cardoso Ribeiro Guimarães, Franciel José Arantes, Lázaro Antônio Dos Santos, Adriano Alves Pereira, Hanna Karen Moreira Antunes, Guilherme Morais Puga, Frederico Balbino Lizardo
BACKGROUND: The abdominal muscles are extremely important because they are directly involved in the functions of support, containment of viscera, and help in the process of expiration, defecation, urination, vomiting, and also at the time of childbirth. Many exercises and equipment are used to strengthen the abdominal muscles, and the workouts are proposed for a variety of purposes, such as preventing and rehabilitating low back pain, improving sports performance, achieving aesthetic standards, among others...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
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