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"Physical exercise" and "performance"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303105/caloric-restriction-is-more-efficient-than-physical-exercise-to-protect-from-cisplatin-nephrotoxicity-via-ppar-alpha-activation
#1
Gabriel R Estrela, Frederick Wasinski, Rogério O Batista, Meire I Hiyane, Raphael J F Felizardo, Flavia Cunha, Danilo C de Almeida, Denise M A C Malheiros, Niels O S Câmara, Carlos C Barros, Michael Bader, Ronaldo C Araujo
The antineoplastic drug cisplatin promotes renal injury, which limits its use. Protocols that reduce renal cisplatin toxicity will allow higher doses to be used in cisplatin treatment. Here, we compare physical exercise and caloric restriction (CR) as protocols to reduce cisplatin renal injury in mice. Male C57BL/6 were divided into four groups: Control, cisplatin, exercise + cisplatin, and 30% CR + cisplatin. Animals were injected with a single dose of cisplatin (20 mg/kg i.p.) and sacrificed 96 h after injection...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288956/home-based-intervention-program-to-reduce-food-insecurity-in-elderly-populations-using-a-tv-app-study-protocol-of-the-randomized-controlled-trial-sa%C3%A3%C2%BAde-come-senior
#2
Ana Maria Rodrigues, Maria João Gregório, Pierre Gein, Mónica Eusébio, Maria José Santos, Rute Dinis de Sousa, Pedro S Coelho, Jorge M Mendes, Pedro Graça, Pedro Oliveira, Jaime C Branco, Helena Canhão
BACKGROUND: The limited or uncertain access to adequate food in elderly people includes not only economic restrictions but also inability of food utilization due to functional or cognitive impairment, health problems, and illiteracy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work is to present the protocol of the randomized controlled trial Saúde.Come Senior, an educational and motivational television (TV)-based intervention to promote healthy lifestyles and decrease food insecurity in elderly people...
March 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287054/effects-and-feasibility-of-an-exercise-intervention-for-individuals-living-with-dementia-in-nursing-homes-study-protocol
#3
Lindsey Brett, Victoria Traynor, Paul Stapley, Shahla Meedya
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, there are an estimated 35.6 million individuals living with dementia. It is important that non-pharmacological therapies are utilized to help manage the symptoms of dementia, such as agitation, as they are the recommended first approach in best practice guidelines. METHODS: This protocol outlines a randomized controlled trial with a qualitative component which evaluated the effects and feasibility of a physical therapist-led physical exercise intervention on agitation of individuals living with dementia in nursing homes...
March 13, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287051/body-size-and-physical-exercise-and-the-risk-of-multiple-sclerosis
#4
Marianna Cortese, Trond Riise, Kjetil Bjørnevik, Kjell-Morten Myhr
BACKGROUND: Whether large body size increases multiple sclerosis (MS) risk in men is not well understood. Concurrently, physical exercise could be an independent protective factor. OBJECTIVE: To prospectively investigate the association between body mass index (BMI) and aerobic fitness, indicators of body size and exercise, and MS risk in men. METHODS: We performed a population-based nested case-control study within the historical cohort of all Norwegian men, born in 1950-1975, undergoing mandatory conscription at the age of 19 years...
March 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285574/virtual-reality-exercise-on-a-home-based-phase-iii-cardiac-rehabilitation-program-effect-on-executive-function-quality-of-life-and-depression-anxiety-and-stress-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Ágata Vieira, Cristina Melo, Jorge Machado, Joaquim Gabriel
PURPOSE: To analyse the effect of a six-month home-based phase III cardiac rehabilitation (CR) specific exercise program, performed in a virtual reality (Kinect) or conventional (booklet) environment, on executive function, quality of life and depression, anxiety and stress of subjects with coronary artery disease. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted with subjects, who had completed phase II, randomly assigned to intervention group 1 (IG1), whose program encompassed the use of Kinect (n = 11); or intervention group 2 (IG2), a paper booklet (n = 11); or a control group (CG), only subjected to the usual care (n = 11)...
March 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284941/scientific-production-on-indoor-air-quality-of-environments-used-for-physical-exercise-and-sports-practice-bibliometric-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Alexandro Andrade, Fábio Hech Dominski, Danilo Reis Coimbra
INTRODUCTION: In order to minimize adverse health effects and increase the benefits of physical activity, it is important to systematize indoor air quality study in environments used for physical exercise and sports. OBJECTIVES: To investigate and analyze the scientific production related to indoor air quality of environments used for physical exercise and sports practice through a bibliometric analysis. METHODS: The databases Scielo, Science Direct, Scopus, Lilacs, Medline via Pubmed, and SportDiscus were searched from their inception to March 2016...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278454/accurate-wearable-heart-rate-monitoring-during-physical-exercises-using-ppg
#7
Andriy Temko
OBJECTIVE: The challenging task of heart rate (HR) estimation from the photoplethysmographic (PPG) signal, during intensive physical exercises is tackled in this paper. METHODS: The study presents a detailed analysis of a novel algorithm (WFPV) that exploits a Wiener filter to attenuate the motion artifacts, a phase vocoder to refine the HR estimate and user-adaptive postprocessing to track the subject physiology. Additionally, an offline version of the HR estimation algorithm that uses Viterbi decoding is designed for scenarios that do not require online HR monitoring (WFPV+VD)...
March 1, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278451/reference-free-adjustment-of-respiratory-inductance-plethysmography-for-measurements-during-physical-exercise
#8
Heike Leutheuser, Christian Heyde, Kai Roecker, Albert Gollhofer, Bjoern Eskofier
OBJECTIVE: Respiratory inductance plethysmography (RIP) provides an unobtrusive method for measuring breathing characteristics. Accurately adjusted RIP provides reliable measurements of ventilation during rest and exercise if data are acquired via two elastic measuring bands surrounding the rib cage (RC) and abdomen (AB). Disadvantageously, the most accurate reported adjusted model for RIP in literature-least squares regression-requires simultaneous RIP and flowmeter (FM) data acquisition...
March 3, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270597/interaction-between-plasma-fetuin-a-and-free-fatty-acids-predicts-changes-in-insulin-sensitivity-in-response-to-long-term-exercise
#9
Sindre Lee, Frode Norheim, Hanne L Gulseth, Torgrim M Langleite, Kristoffer J Kolnes, Daniel S Tangen, Hans K Stadheim, Gregor D Gilfillan, Torgeir Holen, Kåre I Birkeland, Jørgen Jensen, Christian A Drevon
The hepatokine fetuin-A can together with free fatty acids (FFAs) enhance adipose tissue (AT) inflammation and insulin resistance via toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4). Although some of the health benefits of exercise can be explained by altered release of myokines from the skeletal muscle, it is not well documented if some of the beneficial effects of exercise can be explained by altered secretion of hepatokines. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of interaction between fetuin-A and FFAs on insulin sensitivity after physical exercise...
March 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267811/patient-education-for-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-associated-fatigue-a-systematic-review
#10
Maria Janina Wendebourg, Christoph Heesen, Marcia Finlayson, Björn Meyer, Jana Pöttgen, Sascha Köpke
BACKGROUND: Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory and neurodegenerative disease often causing decreased quality of life, social withdrawal and unemployment. Studies examining the effect of pharmacological interventions demonstrated only minor effects, whereas non-pharmacological interventions as e.g. patient education programs have shown promising results. OBJECTIVE: We aim to systematically review the literature to determine the effect of patient education programs on fatigue in MS...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261500/efficacy-of-wii-fit-on-static-and-dynamic-balance-in-community-dwelling-older-veterans-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#11
Kalpana P Padala, Prasad R Padala, Shelly Y Lensing, Richard A Dennis, Melinda M Bopp, Christopher M Parkes, Mark K Garrison, Patricia M Dubbert, Paula K Roberson, Dennis H Sullivan
Background/Objectives. Balance problems are well-established modifiable risk factors for falls, which are common in older adults. The objective of this study was to establish the efficacy of a Wii-Fit interactive video-game-led physical exercise program to improve balance in older Veterans. Methods. A prospective randomized controlled parallel-group trial was conducted at Veterans Affairs Medical Center. Thirty community dwelling Veterans aged 68 (±6.7) years were randomized to either the exercise or control groups...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261001/effects-of-cranberry-vaccinum-macrocarpon-supplementation-on-iron-status-and-inflammatory-markers-in-rowers
#12
Anna Skarpańska-Stejnborn, Piotr Basta, Jerzy Trzeciak, Alicja Michalska, M Emin Kafkas, Donata Woitas-Ślubowska
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of supplementation with cranberry (Vaccinum macrocarpon) on the levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, hepcidin and selected markers of iron metabolism in rowers subjected to exhaustive exercise. METHODS: This double-blind study included 16 members of the Polish Rowing Team. The subjects were randomly assigned to the supplemented group (n = 9), receiving 1200 mg of cranberry extract for 6 weeks, or to the placebo group (n = 7)...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260600/trends-in-population-blood-pressure-and-determinant-factors-for-population-blood-pressure
#13
Ulla Overgaard Andersen
Strategies to reduce the burden of blood pressure attributable diseases require knowledge of secular trend in PBP and its determinants. The issues were investigated in the Copenhagen City Heart Study. The design of CCHS is a repeated measures study. Such designs are uniquely suited to studying changes of an outcome and what risk factors may be associated with that outcome. Repeated measures studies are very well suited for trend analysis by using mixed effect analyses. SBP decreased about 2 mmHg in 25 years...
March 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260158/valuing-individuals-preferences-and-health-choices-of-physical-exercise
#14
Emmanuel Aboagye
The efficacy of physical exercise for the prevention and treatment of non-specific low back pain (LBP) is well documented, but little is known about how individuals value specific components of physical exercise, such as the type and design or the intensity and frequency of exercise. Other factors that influence individual differences in health choices and adherence are associated with individuals' attitudes toward and likelihood of performing recommended exercise regimens. Current evidence shows that efficacy is similar among exercise interventions, but their features vary widely...
March 4, 2017: Pain and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255731/acute-effects-of-post-absorptive-and-postprandial-moderate-exercise-on-markers-of-inflammation-in-hyperglycemic-individuals
#15
Håvard Nygaard, Gunnar Slettaløkken Falch, Jon Elling Whist, Ivana Hollan, Stian Ellefsen, Gerd Holmboe-Ottesen, Bent R Rønnestad, Arne T Høstmark
PURPOSE: Systemic inflammation is involved in the development of several diseases, including cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. It is known that vigorous exercise affects systemic inflammation, but less is known about exercise at lower intensities. Hyperglycemia can also entail pro-inflammatory responses; however, postprandial hyperglycemia is blunted if the meal is followed by exercise. Hypotheses were: (1) moderate physical exercise acutely affects levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and serum soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (sVCAM-1) in hyperglycemic individuals and (2) the effect depends on whether the activity is performed in a post-absorptive or postprandial state...
March 2, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251287/nutrition-and-physical-activity-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-sarcopenia-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
C Beaudart, A Dawson, S C Shaw, N C Harvey, J A Kanis, N Binkley, J Y Reginster, R Chapurlat, D C Chan, O Bruyère, R Rizzoli, C Cooper, E M Dennison
This systematic review summarizes the effect of combined exercise and nutrition intervention on muscle mass and muscle function. A total of 37 RCTs were identified. Results indicate that physical exercise has a positive impact on muscle mass and muscle function in subjects aged 65 years and older. However, any interactive effect of dietary supplementation appears to be limited. INTRODUCTION: In 2013, Denison et al. conducted a systematic review including 17 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to explore the effect of combined exercise and nutrition intervention to improve muscle mass, muscle strength, or physical performance in older people...
March 1, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250247/long-term-wheel-running-can-prevent-deterioration-of-bone-properties-in-diabetes-mellitus-model-rats
#17
A Minematsu, T Hanaoka, D Takeshita, Y Takada, S Okuda, H Imagita, S Sakata
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of long-term wheel-running on tibia bone properties in T2DM Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats. METHODS: Ten five-week-old male OLETF rats were used as experimental animals and 5 Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka (LETO) rats as controls. Half of OLETF rats performed daily voluntary wheel-running for 17 months (OLETF-EXE), while neither the remainder of OLETF nor LETO rats had exercise. At the end of experiment, in addition to serum biochemical and bone formation/resorption marker analyses, bone mass, trabecular bone microarchitecture and cortical bone geometry were analyzed in left tibia, and bone mechanical strength of right tibia was measured...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Musculoskeletal & Neuronal Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244568/the-body-fat-cognition-relationship-in-healthy-older-individuals-does-gynoid-vs-android-distribution-matter
#18
R Forte, C Pesce, G De Vito, C A G Boreham
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between regional and whole body fat accumulation and core cognitive executive functions. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTINGS AND PARTICIPANTS: 78 healthy men and women aged between 65 and 75 years recruited through consumer's database. MEASUREMENTS: DXA measured percentage total body fat, android, gynoid distribution and android/gynoid ratio; inhibition and working memory updating through Random Number Generation test and cognitive flexibility by Trail Making test...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244563/non-dietary-correlates-and-determinants-of-plasma-lutein-and-zeaxanthin-concentrations-in-the-irish-population
#19
R Moran, J M Nolan, J Stack, A M O'Halloran, J Feeney, K O Akuffo, R A Kenny, S Beatty
OBJECTIVE: To investigate non-dietary correlates and determinants of plasma lutein (L) and zeaxanthin (Z) concentrations in The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA) sample. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Community dwelling adults in the Republic of Ireland (ROI). PARTICIPANTS: 3,681 participants aged 50 years and older. MEASUREMENTS: TILDA is a nationally representative prospective cohort study of community dwelling adults aged 50 years and over in the ROI...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241882/systematic-review-of-patient-factors-affecting-adipose-stem-cell-viability-and-function-implications-for-regenerative-therapy
#20
REVIEW
Jajini Varghese, Michelle Griffin, Afshin Mosahebi, Peter Butler
BACKGROUND: The applications for fat grafting have increased recently, within both regenerative and reconstructive surgery. Although fat harvesting, processing and injection techniques have been extensively studied and standardised, this has not had a big impact on the variability of outcome following fat grafting. This suggests a possible larger role of patient characteristics on adipocyte and adipose-derived stem cell (ADSC) viability and function. This systematic review aims to collate current evidence on the effect of patient factors on adipocyte and ADSC behaviour...
February 28, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
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