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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921086/ovarian-and-uterine-alterations-following-forced-swimming-an-immunohistochemical-study
#1
Seyedeh Nazanin Seyed Saadat, Fahimeh Mohammadghasemi, Hannan Ebrahimi, Hanieh Rafati Sajedi, Gelayol Chatrnour
BACKGROUND: Physical exercise is known to be a stressor stimulus that leads to reproductive disruption. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of forced swimming on the uterus and ovaries in mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adult mice (N=24) were divided into the following three groups: A, control; B, swimming in water (10(o)C); and C, swimming in water (23(o)C). Swimmers swam for 5 min daily for 5 consecutive days/ wk during 2 wks...
October 2016: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916763/demographic-and-occupational-determinants-of-the-work-ability-of-firemen
#2
Marjan Firoozeh, Mahnaz Saremi, Amir Kavousi, Azam Maleki
OBJECTIVES: Firefighters tackle various stressors that affect their health and job performance; therefore, assessment of their work ability is necessary. This study aimed to investigate the demographic and occupational determinants of the work ability of firemen. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 375 firemen working in Tehran Fire Department were randomly selected. Demographic, occupational, and work ability index (WAI) questionnaires were applied as research tools...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909047/exercise-in-patients-on-dialysis-a-multicenter-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
Fabio Manfredini, Francesca Mallamaci, Graziella D'Arrigo, Rossella Baggetta, Davide Bolignano, Claudia Torino, Nicola Lamberti, Silvio Bertoli, Daniele Ciurlino, Lisa Rocca-Rey, Antonio Barillà, Yuri Battaglia, Renato Mario Rapanà, Alessandro Zuccalà, Graziella Bonanno, Pasquale Fatuzzo, Francesco Rapisarda, Stefania Rastelli, Fabrizio Fabrizi, Piergiorgio Messa, Luciano De Paola, Luigi Lombardi, Adamasco Cupisti, Giorgio Fuiano, Gaetano Lucisano, Chiara Summaria, Michele Felisatti, Enrico Pozzato, Anna Maria Malagoni, Pietro Castellino, Filippo Aucella, Samar Abd ElHafeez, Pasquale Fabio Provenzano, Giovanni Tripepi, Luigi Catizone, Carmine Zoccali
Previous studies have suggested the benefits of physical exercise for patients on dialysis. We conducted the Exercise Introduction to Enhance Performance in Dialysis trial, a 6-month randomized, multicenter trial to test whether a simple, personalized walking exercise program at home, managed by dialysis staff, improves functional status in adult patients on dialysis. The main study outcomes included change in physical performance at 6 months, assessed by the 6-minute walking test and the five times sit-to-stand test, and in quality of life, assessed by the Kidney Disease Quality of Life Short Form (KDQOL-SF) questionnaire...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904656/the-berlin-treatment-algorithm-recommendations-for-tailored-innovative-therapeutic-strategies-for-multiple-sclerosis-related-fatigue
#4
REVIEW
Christian Veauthier, Helge Hasselmann, Stefan M Gold, Friedemann Paul
More than 80% of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients suffer from fatigue. Despite this, there are few therapeutic options and evidence-based pharmacological treatments are lacking. The associated societal burden is substantial (MS fatigue is a major reason for part-time employment or early retirement), and at least one out of four MS patients view fatigue as the most burdensome symptom of their disease. The mechanisms underlying MS-related fatigue are poorly understood, and objective criteria for distinguishing and evaluating levels of fatigue and tiredness have not yet been developed...
2016: EPMA Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894271/effectiveness-of-a-physical-exercise-intervention-program-in-improving-functional-mobility-in-older-adults-after-hip-fracture-in-later-stage-rehabilitation-protocol-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial-reative-study
#5
Camila Astolphi Lima, Catherine Sherrington, Adriana Guaraldo, Suzana Albuquerque de Moraes, Renata Dos Ramos Varanda, Juliana de Araújo Melo, Kodi Edson Kojima, Monica Perracini
BACKGROUND: Hip fractures resulting from falls increase substantially with advancing age and less than half of older hip fracture survivors regain their former levels of mobility. There is increasing evidence that rehabilitation interventions with exercises that goes beyond the sub-acute phase or even in a later stage of care have a positive impact on various functional abilities. The purpose of this study is to determine if exercise program training for people who have suffered a fall-related hip fracture will improve functional mobility when compared with usual care...
November 29, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889389/exercise-mimetics-impact-on-health-and-performance
#6
REVIEW
Weiwei Fan, Ronald M Evans
The global epidemic of obesity and its associated chronic diseases is largely attributed to an imbalance between caloric intake and energy expenditure. While physical exercise remains the best solution, the development of muscle-targeted "exercise mimetics" may soon provide a pharmaceutical alternative to battle an increasingly sedentary lifestyle. At the same time, these advances are fueling a raging debate on their escalating use as performance-enhancing drugs in high-profile competitions such as the Olympics...
November 18, 2016: Cell Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887597/technology-enhanced-multi-domain-at-home-continuum-of-care-program-with-respect-to-usual-care-for-people-with-cognitive-impairment-the-ability-telerehabilitation-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
O Realdon, F Rossetto, M Nalin, I Baroni, M Cabinio, R Fioravanti, F L Saibene, M Alberoni, F Mantovani, M Romano, R Nemni, F Baglio
BACKGROUND: According to the World Alzheimer Report (Prince, The Global Impact of Dementia: an Analysis of Prevalence, Incidence, Cost and Trends, 2015), 46.8 million people worldwide are nowadays living with dementia. And this number is estimated to approximate 131.5 million by 2050, with an increasing burden on society and families. The lack of medical treatments able to stop or slow down the course of the disease has moved the focus of interest toward the nonpharmacological approach and psychosocial therapies for people with/at risk of dementia, as in the Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) condition...
November 25, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885999/peripheral-vasomotor-activity-assessment-using-a-continuous-wavelet-analysis-on-webcam-photoplethysmographic-signals
#8
F Bousefsaf, C Maaoui, A Pruski
BACKGROUND: Vasoconstriction and vasodilation phenomena reflect the relative changes in the vascular bed. They induce particular modifications in the pulse wave magnitude. Webcams correspond to remote sensors that can be employed to measure the pulse wave in order to compute the pulse frequency. OBJECTIVE: Record and analyze pulse wave signal with a low-cost webcam to extract the amplitude information and assess the vasomotor activity of the participant. METHODS: Photoplethysmographic signals obtained from a webcam are analyzed through a continuous wavelet transform...
November 25, 2016: Bio-medical Materials and Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883168/exercise-interventions-for-preserving-physical-function-among-cancer-survivors-in-middle-to-late-life
#9
C W Daum, S K Cochrane, J D Fitzgerald, L Johnson, T W Buford
The purpose of this review was to evaluate randomized controlled trials aiming to preserve the functional status, i.e. physical capabilities, of middle-aged and older cancer survivors through a structured, physical exercise intervention. The study team performed a thorough search of the literature using six online databases. This literature search limited included studies to randomized controlled trials which implemented a structured physical activity intervention for middle- and older-aged adults diagnosed with cancer...
2016: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878552/strength-and-aerobic-exercises-improve-spatial-memory-in-aging-rats-through-stimulating-distinct-neuroplasticity-mechanisms
#10
Thais Ceresér Vilela, Alexandre Pastoris Muller, Adriani Paganini Damiani, Tamires Pavei Macan, Sabrina da Silva, Paula Bortoluzzi Canteiro, Alisson de Sena Casagrande, Giulia Dos Santos Pedroso, Renata Tiscoski Nesi, Vanessa Moraes de Andrade, Ricardo Aurino de Pinho
Aging is associated with impaired cognition and memory and increased susceptibility to neurodegenerative disorders. Physical exercise is neuroprotective; however, the major evidence of this effect involves studies of only aerobic training in young animals. The benefits of other exercise protocols such as strength training in aged animals remains unknown. Here, we investigated the effect of aerobic and strength training on spatial memory and hippocampal plasticity in aging rats. Aging Wistar rats performed aerobic or strength training for 50 min 3 to 4 days/week for 8 weeks...
November 22, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876478/physical-exercise-helped-to-maintain-and-restore-functioning-in-chinese-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-5-year-prospective-study-of-the-hong-kong-memory-and-ageing-prospective-study-hk-maps
#11
Duan Yang Ma, Candy H Y Wong, Grace T Y Leung, Ada W T Fung, Wai Chi Chan, Linda C W Lam
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the potential of physical exercise habit as a lifestyle modification against cognitive and functional decline at the community level. METHODS: A total of 454 community-dwelling Chinese older adults without dementia participated in the Hong Kong Memory and Ageing Prospective Study at baseline and follow-up at 5 years. Their cognitive and functional performances were assessed by the Cantonese version of the Mini-Mental State Examination (CMMSE) and the Chinese version of Disability Assessment in Dementia (DAD)...
November 18, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866346/comparing-the-effects-of-an-acute-bout-of-physical-exercise-with-an-acute-bout-of-interactive-mental-and-physical-exercise-on-electrophysiology-and-executive-functioning-in-younger-and-older-adults
#12
Julia Dimitrova, Michael Hogan, Patrick Khader, Denis O'Hora, Liam Kilmartin, Jane C Walsh, Richard Roche, Cay Anderson-Hanley
BACKGROUND: Physical exercise has been shown to improve cognitive and neural functioning in older adults. AIMS AND METHODS: The current study compared the effects of an acute bout of physical exercise with a bout of interactive mental and physical exercise (i.e., "exergaming") on executive (Stroop) task performance and event-related potential (ERP) amplitudes in younger and older adults. RESULTS: Results revealed enhanced executive task performance in younger and older adults after exercise, with no differences in performance between exercise conditions...
November 19, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861563/binge-drinking-in-young-university-students-is-associated-with-alterations-in-executive-functions-related-to-their-starting-age
#13
Diana Salas-Gomez, Mario Fernandez-Gorgojo, Ana Pozueta, Isabel Diaz-Ceballos, Maider Lamarain, Carmen Perez, Pascual Sanchez-Juan
Our aim was to evaluate whether or not alcohol consumption in the form of binge drinking is associated with alterations of memory and executive functions in a population of university students. At the same time, we have studied the role of potential modulating factors, such as the APOE genotype or physical exercise.University students enrolled in academic year 2013-2014 at Escuelas Universitarias Gimbernat-Cantabria, affiliated with the University of Cantabria, were invited to participate in the study. We gathered sociodemographic data and details regarding the lifestyle of 206 students (mean age 19...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834788/the-role-of-physical-exercise-in-cognitive-recovery-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#14
Timothy Morris, Joyce Gomes-Osman, David Costa-Miserachs, Alvaro Pascual-Leone
BACKGROUND: There is a growing body of evidence revealing exercise-induced effects on brain structure and cognitive function across the lifespan. Animal models of traumatic brain injury also suggest exercise is capable of modulating not only the pathophysiological changes following trauma but also the associated cognitive deficits. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of physical exercise on cognitive impairment following traumatic brain injury in humans. METHODS: A systematic search of the PubMed database was performed using the search terms "cognition" and "executive function, memory or attention", "traumatic brain injury" and "physical exercise"...
November 8, 2016: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832652/regulation-of-gene-expression-by-exercise-related-micrornas
#15
Laureane Nunes Masi, Tamires Duarte Afonso Serdan, Adriana Cristina Levada-Pires, Elaine Hatanaka, Leonardo Dos Reis Silveira, Maria Fernanda Cury-Boaventura, Tania Cristina Pithon-Curi, Rui Curi, Renata Gorjão, Sandro Massao Hirabara
Gene expression control by microRNAs (miRs) is an important mechanism for maintenance of cellular homeostasis in physiological and pathological conditions as well as in response to different stimuli including nutritional factors and exercise. MiRs are involved in regulation of several processes such as growth and development, fuel metabolism, insulin secretion, immune function, miocardium remodeling, cell proliferation, differenciation, survival, and death. These molecules have also been proposed to be potential biomarkers and/or therapeutical targets in obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases, metabolic syndrome, and cancer...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830924/effects-of-yogic-exercises-on-functional-capacity-lung-function-and-quality-of-life-in-participants-with-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-randomized-controlled-study
#16
Marian E Papp, Petra Lindfors, Per E Wandell, Malin Nygren-Bonnier
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of hatha yogic exercises, the most used yoga style, for increasing functional capacity in patients with obstructive pulmonary diseases remains limited. AIM: The aim was to evaluate the effects and feasibility of hatha yoga (HY) compared to a conventional training program (CTP) on functional capacity, lung function and quality of life in patients with obstructive pulmonary diseases. DESIGN: RCT (randomized clinical trial)...
November 10, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830144/strength-training-improves-fatigue-resistance-and-self-rated-health-in-workers-with-chronic-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Emil Sundstrup, Markus Due Jakobsen, Mikkel Brandt, Kenneth Jay, Per Aagaard, Lars Louis Andersen
Chronic musculoskeletal pain is widespread in the working population and leads to muscular fatigue, reduced work capacity, and fear of movement. While ergonomic intervention is the traditional approach to the problem, physical exercise may be an alternative strategy. This secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial investigates the effect of strength training on muscular fatigue resistance and self-rated health among workers with chronic pain. Sixty-six slaughterhouse workers with chronic upper limb pain and work disability were randomly allocated to 10 weeks of strength training or usual care ergonomic training (control)...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826399/contact-karate-promotes-post-exercise-hypotension-in-young-adult-males
#18
Marcelo Magalhaes Sales, Caio Victor de Sousa, Wellington Barbosa Sampaio, Carlos Ernesto, Rodrigo Alberto Vieira Browne, Jose Fernando Vila Nova de Moraes, Daisy Motta-Santos, Milton Rocha Moraes, John Eugene Lewis, Herbert Gustavo Simões, Francisco Martins da Silva
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, systemic arterial hypertension is a leading cause of death and non-communicable cardiovascular disease. A major factor contributing to this disease is a sedentary lifestyle. However, physical exercise, such as martial arts, may be an option for blood pressure (BP) control. The magnitude of post-exercise hypotension is associated with a prolonged decrease in BP in normotensive and hypertensive individuals. OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to verify the effects of a Contact Karate (CK) session on BP responses during a post-exercise recovery period in young adults...
September 2016: Asian Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822074/diagnosis-of-exercise-induced-anaphylaxis-current-insights
#19
REVIEW
Valerio Pravettoni, Cristoforo Incorvaia
Exercise-induced anaphylaxis (EIAn) is defined as the occurrence of anaphylactic symptoms (skin, respiratory, gastrointestinal, and cardiovascular symptoms) after physical activity. In about a third of cases, cofactors, such as food intake, temperature (warm or cold), and drugs (especially nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) can be identified. When the associated cofactor is food ingestion, the correct diagnosis is food-dependent EIAn (FDEIAn). The literature describes numerous reports of FDEIAn after intake of very different foods, from vegetables and nuts to meats and seafood...
2016: Journal of Asthma and Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821934/physical-exercises-for-breast-cancer-survivors-effects-of-10-weeks-of-training-on-upper-limb-circumferences
#20
Andrea Di Blasio, Teresa Morano, Ines Bucci, Serena Di Santo, Alberto D'Arielli, Cristina Gonzalez Castro, Lucia Cugusi, Ettore Cianchetti, Giorgio Napolitano
[Purpose] The aims of this study were to verify the effects on upper limb circumferences and total body extracellular water of 10 weeks of Nordic Walking (NW) and Walking (W), both alone and combined with a series of exercises created for breast cancer survivors, the ISA method. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty breast cancer survivors were randomly assigned to 4 different training groups and evaluated for upper limb circumferences, total body and extracellular water. [Results] The breast cancer survivors who performed NW, alone and combined with the ISA method, and Walking combined with the ISA method (but not alone) showed significantly reduced arm and forearm circumferences homolateral to the surgical intervention...
October 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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