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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040948/a-prospective-cohort-study-of-community-functioning-among-psychiatric-outpatients
#1
Alan H L Chan, Samuel Y S Wong, Wai-Tong Chien
The present study analyzed the community functioning among Chinese people with common mental disorders and their relationships with different factors under the framework of Model of Human Occupation. The research team followed up a stratified random sample of 238 patients in three public psychiatric specialist outpatient clinics in Hong Kong in one year. The patients completed assessments at baseline and 12-month follow-up in four areas of community functioning (i.e., self-care, independent living skills, social skills, and work skills), self-esteem, self-efficacy, physical functioning, behavioral regulation, mental states, family expressed emotion, and perceived social stigma...
October 10, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040889/factors-associated-with-happiness-in-the-elderly-persons-living-in-the-community
#2
Bruna Moretti Luchesi, Nathalia Alves de Oliveira, Daiene de Morais, Rebeca Mendes de Paula Pessoa, Sofia Cristina I Pavarini, Marcos Hortes N Chagas
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate factors associated with happiness in a sample of Brazilian older adults. METHODS: A study was conducted with 263 elderly people in the area of coverage of a family health unit located in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. The Subjective Happiness Scale was used to measure happiness, the final score of which determined one of three outcomes: not happy, intermediate, and happy. Disability, sociodemographic characteristics, and psychological, cognitive, and physical factors were considered for the multinomial logistic regression analysis...
October 12, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040887/physical-status-and-frailty-index-in-nursing-home-residents-results-from-the-incur-study
#3
Maturin Tabue-Teguo, Jean-François Dartigues, Nadine Simo, Callixte Kuate-Tegueu, Bruno Vellas, Matteo Cesari
AIM: The Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) is a widely used instrument for measuring physical performance, consisting of 3 sub-tests: a hierarchical test of balance, a gait speed test, and a chair stand test. Although equally considered in the computation of the SPPB score, each of the components may present a specific and different weight in clinical practice. The aim of this study was to estimate the relationship between SPPB and its component of an age-related deficit accumulation index (the so-called Frailty Index [FI] proposed by Rockwood)...
October 12, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040879/influence-of-sexual-behavior-of-dorper-rams-treated-with-glutamate-and-or-testosterone-on-reproductive-performance-of-anovulatory-ewes
#4
Guadalupe Calderón-Leyva, Cesar A Meza-Herrera, Rafael Martinez-Rodriguez, Oscar Angel-García, Raymundo Rivas-Muñoz, Juan V Delgado-Bermejo, Francisco G Véliz-Deras
The aim of this study was to determine if exogenous administration of glutamate and (or) testosterone to male rams during the season of reproductive arrest is able to re-activate male sexual behavior and, later on, to promote through the male effect, both sexual and reproductive competence of anovulatory nulliparous ewes. Therefore, an experiment was performed under long-day photoperiods (spring; photo-reproductive arrest, 26°N). Dorper rams were randomly divided into four homogeneous experimental groups (n = 5 males each) regarding live weight (LW), body condition score (BCS), scrotal circumference (SC) and odor intensity (OI)...
October 9, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040869/accessing-the-long-time-limit-in-diffusion-nmr-the-case-of-singlet-assisted-diffusive-diffraction-q-space
#5
Giuseppe Pileio, Sylwia Ostrowska
The latest developments in the field of long-lived spin states are merged with pulsed-field gradient techniques to extend the diffusion time beyond what is currently achievable in standard q-space diffusive-diffraction studies. The method uses nearly-equivalent spin-1/2 pairs that let diffusion times of the order of many minutes to be measured allowing access to the long-time limit in cavities of macroscopic size (millimeters). A pulse sequence suitable to exploit this regime has been developed and validated with the use of numerical simulations and experiments...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040841/-caught-with-a-body-yet-protected-by-law-calling-911-for-opioid-overdose-in-the-context-of-the-good-samaritan-law
#6
Amanda D Latimore, Rachel S Bergstein
BACKGROUND: To address soaring opioid overdose fatality rates, 41U.S. states have passed Good Samaritan Laws (GSLs) extending legal immunity to overdose bystanders who call for emergency assistance. This study, conducted during the period that followed implementation of a GSL, aimed to characterize current factors determining the decision to call for emergency medical help (911) at the scene of an overdose with specific attention to exploring the role of the GSL as one such factor in decision-making...
October 14, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040840/experiences-of-structural-vulnerability-among-exotic-dancers-in-baltimore-maryland-co-occurring-social-and-economic-antecedents-of-hiv-sti-risk
#7
Meredith L Brantley, Katherine H A Footer, Sahnah Lim, Deanna Kerrigan, Susan G Sherman
BACKGROUND: Women who grow up in economic scarcity often face limited opportunities for upward mobility, as a result of challenges securing stable housing, quality education, and steady employment. Chronic instability may limit the capacity of women to protect themselves against HIV/STI-related harm when engaging in sexual activity or drug use. Characterizing the structural contexts that facilitate HIV/STI risk among women are critical to effective design and implementation of drug and sexual harm reduction interventions...
October 14, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040807/photochemical-control-over-oscillations-in-chemical-reaction-networks
#8
Aleksandr A Pogodaev, Albert S Y Wong, Wilhelm T S Huck
Systems chemistry aims to emulate the functional behavior observed in living systems by constructing chemical reaction networks (CRNs) with well-defined dynamic properties. Future expansion of the complexity of these systems would require external control to tune behavior and temporal organization of such CRNs. In this work, we design and implement a photolabile probe, which upon irradiation strengthens the negative feedback loop of a CRN that produces oscillations of trypsin under out-of-equilibrium conditions...
October 17, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040744/tobacco-exposure-and-sleep-disturbance-in-498-208-uk-biobank-participants
#9
D Boakye, C A Wyse, C A Morales-Celis, S M Biello, M E S Bailey, S Dare, J Ward, J M R Gill, J P Pell, D F Mackay
Background: The prevalence of sleep disturbance is high and increasing. The study investigated whether active, former and passive smoking were associated with sleep disturbance. Methods: This cross-sectional study used data from the UK Biobank: a cohort study of 502 655 participants, of whom 498 208 provided self-reported data on smoking and sleep characteristics. Multivariable multinomial and logistic regression models were used to examine the associations between smoking and sleep disturbance...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040686/the-world-health-organization-s-response-to-emerging-human-immunodeficiency-virus-drug-resistance-and-a-call-for-global-action
#10
Silvia Bertagnolio, Rachel L Beanland, Michael R Jordan, Meg Doherty, And Gottfried Hirnschall
The global community, including the World Health Organization (WHO), has committed to ending the AIDS epidemic and to ensuring that 90% of people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are diagnosed, 90% start treatment, and 90% achieve and maintain virological suppression. The emergence of HIV drug resistance (HIVDR) as antiretroviral treatment programs expand could preclude the 90-90-90 targets adopted by the United Nations General Assembly at the High-Level Meeting on Ending AIDS from being achieved...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040627/risk-factors-for-measles-virus-infection-among-adults-during-a-large-outbreak-in-postelimination-era-in-mongolia-2015
#11
José E Hagan, Yoshihiro Takashima, Amarzaya Sarankhuu, Otgonbayar Dashpagma, Baigalmaa Jantsansengee, Roberta Pastore, Gunregjav Nyamaa, Buyanjargal Yadamsuren, Mick N Mulders, Kathleen A Wannemuehler, Raydel Anderson, Bettina Bankamp, Paul Rota, James L Goodson
Background: In 2015, a large nationwide measles outbreak occurred in Mongolia, with very high incidence in the capital city of Ulaanbaatar and among young adults. Methods: We conducted an outbreak investigation including a matched case-control study of risk factors for laboratory-confirmed measles among young adults living in Ulaanbaatar. Young adults with laboratory-confirmed measles, living in the capital city of Ulaanbaatar, were matched with 2-3 neighborhood controls...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040623/socio-economic-trajectories-and-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-in-older-people-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing
#12
Silvia Stringhini, Paola Zaninotto, Meena Kumari, Mika Kivimäki, Camille Lassale, G David Batty
Background: Socio-economic status from early life has been linked to cardiovascular disease risk, but the impact of life-course socio-economic trajectories, as well as the mechanisms underlying social inequalities in cardiovascular disease risk, is uncertain. Objectives: We assessed the role of behavioural, psychosocial and physiological (including inflammatory) factors in the association between life-course socio-economic status and cardiovascular disease mortality in older adults...
July 28, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040589/corifollitropin-alfa-followed-by-highly-purified-hmg-versus-recombinant-fsh-in-young-poor-ovarian-responders-a-multicentre-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#13
Panagiotis Drakopoulos, Thi Ngoc Lan Vuong, Ngoc Anh Vu Ho, Alberto Vaiarelli, Manh Tuong Ho, Christophe Blockeel, Michel Camus, Anh Tuan Lam, Arne van de Vijver, Peter Humaidan, Herman Tournaye, Nikolaos P Polyzos
STUDY QUESTION: Does administration of corifollitropin alfa followed by highly purified (hp) HMG result in higher ongoing pregnancy rates compared with daily recombinant FSH (rFSH) in young poor responders? SUMMARY ANSWER: Corifollitropin alfa followed by hp-HMG does not increase ongoing pregnancy rates compared with rFSH in young poor responders, although more supernumerary cryopreserved embryos were obtained with corifollitropin alfa and hp-HMG. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Poor ovarian response remains one of the main therapeutic challenges in women undergoing ovarian stimulation, given that very low live birth rates of 6% have been reported in this particular group of infertile patients...
September 23, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040587/does-low-to-moderate-environmental-exposure-to-noise-and-air-pollution-influence-preterm-delivery-in-medium-sized-cities
#14
Marie Barba-Vasseur, Nadine Bernard, Sophie Pujol, Paul Sagot, Didier Riethmuller, Gérard Thiriez, Hélène Houot, Jérôme Defrance, Anne-Sophie Mariet, Vinh-Phuc Luu, Alice Barbier, Eric Benzenine, Catherine Quantin, Frédéric Mauny
Background: Preterm birth (PB) is an important predictor of childhood morbidity and educational performance. Beyond the known risk factors, environmental factors, such as air pollution and noise, have been implicated in PB. In urban areas, these pollutants coexist. Very few studies have examined the effects of multi-exposure on the pregnancy duration. The objective of this study was to analyse the relationship between PB and environmental chronic multi-exposure to noise and air pollution in medium-sized cities...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040571/patient-centered-early-pregnancy-care-a-systematic-review-of-quantitative-and-qualitative-studies-on-the-perspectives-of-women-and-their-partners
#15
M M J van den Berg, E A F Dancet, T Erlikh, F van der Veen, M Goddijn, P J Hajenius
BACKGROUND: Early pregnancy complications, defined as miscarriage, recurrent miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy, affect the physical and psychological well-being of intended parents. Research in this field so far has focused mainly on improving accuracy of diagnostic tests and safety and effectiveness of therapeutic management. An overview of aspects of care valued by women and/or their partners is missing. OBJECTIVE AND RATIONALE: This systematic review aims to provide an overview of aspects of care valued by women and/or their partners faced with early pregnancy complications and to identify potential targets for improvement in early pregnancy healthcare...
October 11, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040570/cumulative-live-birth-rates-following-miscarriage-in-an-initial-complete-cycle-of-ivf-a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-112-549-women
#16
Natalie J Cameron, Siladitya Bhattacharya, Sohinee Bhattacharya, David J McLernon
STUDY QUESTION: In women undergoing IVF/ICSI who miscarry in their first complete cycle, what is the chance of a live birth in subsequent complete cycles, and how does this compare with those whose first complete cycle ends with live birth or without a pregnancy? SUMMARY ANSWER: After two further complete cycles of IVF/ICSI, women who had miscarried or had a live birth in their first complete cycle had a higher chance of live birth (40.9 and 49.0%, respectively) than those who had no pregnancies (30...
September 20, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040569/antiretroviral-therapy-use-during-pregnancy-and-adverse-birth-outcomes-in-south-african-women
#17
Thokozile R Malaba, Tamsin Phillips, Stanzi Le Roux, Kirsty Brittain, Allison Zerbe, Greg Petro, Agnes Ronan, James A McIntyre, Elaine J Abrams, Landon Myer
Background: Studies of antiretroviral therapy (ART) use during pregnancy in HIV-infected women have suggested that ART exposure may be associated with adverse birth outcomes. However, there are few data from sub-Saharan Africa where HIV is most common, and few studies involving the World Health Organization's (WHO's) recommended first-line regimens. Methods: We enrolled consecutive HIV-infected pregnant women and a comparator cohort of uninfected women at a primary-level antenatal care facility in Cape Town, South Africa...
July 28, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040563/ten-years-of-cazypedia-a-living-encyclopedia-of-carbohydrate-active-enzymes
#18
(no author information available yet)
CAZypeia was initiated in 2007 to create a comprehensive, living encyclopedia of the carbohydrate-active enzymes (CAZymes) and associated carbohydrate-binding modules involved in the synthesis, modification, and degradation of complex carbohydrates. CAZypedia is closely connected with the actively-curated CAZy database, which provides a sequence-based foundation for the biochemical, mechanistic, and structural characterization of these diverse proteins. Now celebrating its 10th anniversary online, CAZypedia is a successful example of dynamic, community-driven, and expert-based biocuration...
October 11, 2017: Glycobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040545/ethnicity-and-place-the-geography-of-diabetes-inequalities-under-a-strong-welfare-state
#19
Elias Nosrati, Anne Karen Jenum, Anh Thi Tran, Sir Michael Marmot, Lawrence Peter King
Background: The Nordic 'health paradox' designates the seemingly puzzling empirical reality in which, despite the presence of strong welfare policies targeting structural inequalities, distinct health disparities persist in Scandinavian societies. In Norway, previous research has shown that inequalities in diabetes prevalence are particularly salient, notably between ethnic groups. These have often been attributed to lifestyle, socioeconomic factors, or genetics. No previous research has sought to investigate the sociospatial mediation of diabetes inequities...
October 10, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040538/immobilization-or-mobilization-after-iui-an-rct
#20
J van Rijswijk, M R Caanen, V Mijatovic, C G Vergouw, P M van de Ven, C B Lambalk, R Schats
STUDY QUESTION: Does 15 min of immobilization after IUI improve pregnancy rates? SUMMARY ANSWER: Immobilization for 15 min after IUI does not improve pregnancy rates. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Prior RCTs report a beneficial effect of supine immobilization for 15 min following IUI compared to immediate mobilization, however, these studies can be criticized. Given the importance for the logistics in daily practice and the lack of biological plausibility we planned a replication study prior to potential implementation of this procedure...
October 13, 2017: Human Reproduction
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