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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122176/evaluating-the-response-to-fusarium-ananatum-inoculation-and-antifungal-activity-of-phenolic-acids-in-pineapple
#1
Bastien Barral, Marc Chillet, Jerome Minier, Mathieu Léchaudel, Sabine Schorr-Galindo
Fusarium ananatum causes fruitlet core rot (FCR) in pineapple (Ananas comosus var. comosus) when the fruit reaches maturity. Hidden symptoms make it difficult to assess the disease, regardless of its stage, and basic questions concerning the involvement of the phenolic compounds in response to infection remain unknown. A direct inoculation method of F. ananatum in pineapple fruitlets was developed to monitor the growth of black spots and the changes in phenolic acids and ascorbic acid concentration under controlled conditions...
December 2017: Fungal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102967/missed-opportunity-to-diagnose-subungual-melanoma-potential-pitfalls
#2
Louise Dunphy, Rossell Morhij, Yash Verma, Andrew Pay
Subungual melanoma, an uncommon form of acral melanoma that arises within the nail matrix, accounts for 1%-3% of all cutaneous melanoma in Caucasians. As subungual melanoma presents in a more disguised manner than cutaneous lesions, increased vigilance is required. It most commonly presents as a discolouration of the nail, nail splitting or nail-bed bleeding. Black pigmentation of the adjacent nail fold, termed Hutchinson's sign, may be a diagnostic clue. Treatment of subungual melanoma remains surgical with wide local excision and amputation primary modalities...
November 3, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094427/dermoscopic-analysis-of-the-skin-of-healthy-warmblood-horses-a-descriptive-study-of-34-cases-in-italy
#3
Sara Legnani, Eric Zini, Paola Roccabianca, Beatrice Funiciello, Giordana Zanna
BACKGROUND: Dermoscopy is a diagnostic tool that has been introduced into small animal dermatology for the evaluation of hair and the skin surface. To the best of the authors' knowledge, the use of this technique on horses and the dermoscopic appearance of equine hair and skin have yet to be reported. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility of dermoscopy, and to describe hair and skin surface features of healthy warmblood horses. ANIMALS: Thirty four client-owned, healthy adult horses...
November 1, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074201/safety-acceptability-and-tolerability-of-uncoated-and-excipient-coated-high-density-silicon-micro-projection-array-patches-in-human-subjects
#4
Paul Griffin, Suzanne Elliott, Kenia Krauer, Cristyn Davies, S Rachel Skinner, Christopher D Anderson, Angus Forster
Most vaccinations are performed by intramuscular injection with a needle and syringe. However, this method is not ideal due to limitations, such as the risk of needle-stick injury, the requirement for trained personnel to give injections and the need to reconstitute lyophilized vaccines. Therefore, we tested an alternative delivery technology that overcomes the problems with needle and syringe. The Nanopatch™ is an array of 10,000 silicon micro-projections per cm(2) that can be dry-coated with vaccine for skin delivery...
October 23, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053600/detection-and-management-of-mango-dieback-disease-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#5
Esam Eldin Saeed, Arjun Sham, Ayah AbuZarqa, Khawla A Al Shurafa, Tahra S Al Naqbi, Rabah Iratni, Khaled El-Tarabily, Synan F AbuQamar
Mango is affected by different decline disorders causing significant losses to mango growers. In the United Arab Emirates (UAE), the pathogen was isolated from all tissues sampled from diseased trees affected by Lasiodiplodia theobromae. Symptoms at early stages of the disease included general wilting appearance of mango trees, and dieback of twigs. In advanced stages, the disease symptoms were also characterized by the curling and drying of leaves, leading to complete defoliation of the tree and discolouration of vascular regions of the stems and branches...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044895/surveying-all-public-drinking-water-fountains-in-a-city-outdoor-field-observations-and-google-street-view
#6
Nick Wilson, Louise Signal, George Thomson
OBJECTIVE: Drinking fountains are a public amenity that may help counter the obesogenic environment (sugary beverages) and reduce the risk of heat stroke during heat waves. As a case study, we aimed to survey all public fountains in a city: Wellington, New Zealand, and to determine the utility of Google Street View in studying drinking fountains. METHODS: Using a sample of all public drinking fountains in a City Council map, a field observer assessed their exact location and tap functionality, and photographed them...
October 18, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031913/chronic-pain-and-pain-processing-in-parkinson-s-disease
#7
REVIEW
Pierre J Blanchet, Christine Brefel-Courbon
Pain is experienced by the vast majority of patients living with Parkinson's disease. It is most often of nociceptive origin, but may also be ascribed to neuropathic (radicular or central) or miscellaneous sources. The recently validated King's Parkinson's Disease Pain Scale is based on 7 domains including musculoskeletal pain, chronic body pain (central or visceral), fluctuation-related pain, nocturnal pain, oro-facial pain, pain with discolouration/oedema/swelling, and radicular pain. The basal ganglia integrate incoming nociceptive information and contribute to coordinated motor responses in pain avoidance and nocifensive behaviors...
October 12, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017517/traumatic-penile-amputation-a-case-report
#8
Tushar Patial, Girish Sharma, Pamposh Raina
BACKGROUND: Traumatic amputation of the penis is a rare surgical emergency. Although repair techniques have been well described in literature, failure of replantation and its causes are poorly understood and reported. Herein, we report the case of a 9 year old boy who underwent replantation of his amputated penis with delayed failure of the surgery, along with a discussion of recent advances in the management of this condition. CASE  PRESENTATION: A 9-year-old boy was referred to our hospital for traumatic amputation of the penis...
October 10, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993665/variabilities-in-retinal-function-and-structure-in-a-canine-model-of-cone-rod-dystrophy-associated-with-rpgrip1-support-multigenic-etiology
#9
Rueben G Das, Felipe Pompeo Marinho, Simone Iwabe, Evelyn Santana, Kendra Sierra McDaid, Gustavo D Aguirre, Keiko Miyadera
Defects in the cilia gene RPGRIP1 cause Leber congenital amaurosis and cone-rod dystrophy in humans. A form of canine cone-rod dystrophy (cord1) was originally associated with a homozygous insertion in RPGRIP1 (RPGRIP1 (ins/ins)) as the primary disease locus while a homozygous deletion in MAP9 (MAP9 (del/del)) was later identified as a modifier associated with the early onset form. However, we find further variability in cone electroretinograms (ERGs) ranging from normal to absent in an extended RPGRIP1 (ins/ins) canine colony, irrespective of the MAP9 genotype...
October 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989061/a-case-of-unusual-ileal-discolouration
#10
Angad S Dhillon, Emma L Johnston, Jeremy D Sanderson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968096/degradation-of-the-cellulosic-key-chromophore-5-8-dihydroxy-1-4-naphthoquinone-by-hydrogen-peroxide-under-alkaline-conditions
#11
Nele Sophie Zwirchmayr, Takashi Hosoya, Ute Henniges, Lars Gille, Markus Bacher, Paul Furtmüller, Thomas Rosenau
5,8-Dihydroxy-[1,4]-naphthoquinone (DHNQ) is one of the key chromophores in cellulosic materials. Its almost ubiquitous presence in cellulosic materials makes it a target molecule of the pulp and paper industry's bleaching efforts. In the presented study, DHNQ was treated with hydrogen peroxide under alkaline conditions at pH 10, resembling the conditions of industrial hydrogen peroxide bleaching (P stage). The reaction mechanism, reaction intermediates, and final degradation products were analyzed by UV/vis, NMR, GC-MS, and EPR...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912462/impacts-of-light-limitation-on-corals-and-crustose-coralline-algae
#12
Pia Bessell-Browne, Andrew P Negri, Rebecca Fisher, Peta L Clode, Ross Jones
Turbidity associated with elevated suspended sediment concentrations can significantly reduce underwater light availability. Understanding the consequences for sensitive organisms such as corals and crustose coralline algae (CCA), requires an understanding of tolerance levels and the time course of effects. Adult colonies of Acropora millepora and Pocillopora acuta, juvenile P. acuta, and the CCA Porolithon onkodes were exposed to six light treatments of ~0, 0.02, 0.1, 0.4, 1.1 and 4.3 mol photons m(-2) d(-1), and their physiological responses were monitored over 30 d...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894690/management-of-asymptomatic-bacteriuria-urinary-catheters-and-symptomatic-urinary-tract-infections-in-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-joint-replacement-a-position-paper-of-the-expert-group-infection-of-swissorthopaedics
#13
REVIEW
Parham Sendi, Olivier Borens, Peter Wahl, Martin Clauss, Ilker Uçkay
In this position paper, we review definitions related to this subject and the corresponding literature. Our recommendations include the following statements. Asymptomatic bacteriuria, asymptomatic leukocyturia, urine discolouration, odd smell or positive nitrite sediments are not an indication for antimicrobial treatment. Antimicrobial treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria does not prevent periprosthetic joint infection, but is associated with adverse events, costs and antibiotic resistance development. Urine analyses or urine cultures in asymptomatic patients undergoing orthopaedic implants should be avoided...
2017: Journal of bone and joint infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833195/dietary-vitamin-e-dosage-and-source-affects-meat-quality-parameters-in-light-weight-lambs
#14
Leonel N Leal, José A Beltrán, Verónica Alonso, José M Bello, Leo A den Hartog, Wouter H Hendriks, Javier Martín-Tereso
BACKGROUND: Supra-nutritional vitamin E supplementation is a commonly used approach to delay lipid oxidation and colour deterioration in lamb and beef meat marketed under modified atmosphere packaging. However, these applications lack a precise calibration of dose for the desired effect and limited information is available regarding the use of natural vitamin E for this purpose. RESULTS: Three hundred and sixty Rasa Aragonesa lambs were fed diets supplemented with all-rac-α-tocopheryl acetate (250, 500, 1000 and 2000 mg kg(-1) compound feed), RRR-α-tocopheryl acetate (125, 250, 500 and 1000 mg kg(-1) compound feed) and a basal diet without vitamin E supplementation, for 14 days before slaughter at 25...
August 22, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806826/-treatment-of-dupuytren-s-disease-with-collagenase-injections-in-germany-efficacy-and-adverse-effects-in-110-treated-joints
#15
Adrian Pototschnig, Elias Volkmer, Riccardo E Giunta
Background Since 2011, a new minimally-invasive treatment for Dupuytren's disease has been available in the form of injectable collagenase (Xiapex®, Pfizer). Purpose Our aim is to report about the results and adverse effects of injectable collagenase for the treatment of Dupuytren's disease in Germany. Patients and Methods We treated 78 patients (61 male, 17 female) with 87 injections in 87 digits (little finger n = 40, ring finger n = 37, middle finger n = 8 and index n = 2). We documented the range of motion before treatment, after 6 weeks and after 6 months...
August 2017: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769136/nail-involvement-in-psoriatic-arthritis
#16
REVIEW
Piotr Sobolewski, Irena Walecka, Klaudia Dopytalska
Nail psoriasis is considered a significant psychological and social problem causing functional impairment in affected patients. Nail changes hamper their daily and occupational activities and contribute to a worse quality of life. Almost 50% of patients with psoriasis vulgaris and up to 80% of patients with psoriatic arthritis are afflicted with nail lesions. The important correlation between psoriatic arthritis and nail changes is well established - the presence of the latter is a strong predictor of the development of arthritis...
2017: Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764297/comparative-assessment-of-conventional-composites-and-coloured-compomers-in-permanent-molars-of-children-with-mixed-dentition-a-pilot-study
#17
Shivayogi M Hugar, Divyata Kohli, Chandrashekhar M Badakar, Supriya S Vyavahare, Parin P Shah, Niraj S Gokhale, Punit M Patel, Madhura V Mundada
INTRODUCTION: Early treatment of carious lesions in children is important for the maintenance of oral health. Multicoloured restorations could be the impetus for an extremely nervous or defiant child to take dental treatment. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess and compare the clinical success of conventional composites and coloured compomer material in first permanent molars of children with mixed dentition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of sixty sites, divided into two groups, with thirty subjects in each group using split mouth design were chosen amongst patients reporting to Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750286/short-term-forecasting-of-turbidity-in-trunk-main-networks
#18
Gregory Meyers, Zoran Kapelan, Edward Keedwell
Water discolouration is an increasingly important and expensive issue due to rising customer expectations, tighter regulatory demands and ageing Water Distribution Systems (WDSs) in the UK and abroad. This paper presents a new turbidity forecasting methodology capable of aiding operational staff and enabling proactive management strategies. The turbidity forecasting methodology developed here is completely data-driven and does not require hydraulic or water quality network model that is expensive to build and maintain...
November 1, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738710/use-of-traditional-herbal-medicine-as-an-alternative-in-dental-treatment-in-mexican-dentistry-a-review
#19
Cindy Cruz Martínez, Martha Diaz Gómez, Myung Sook Oh
CONTEXT: Herbal therapies are used worldwide to treat health conditions. In Mexico, generations have used them to treat gingivitis, periodontitis, mouth infections, and discoloured teeth. However, few studies have collected scientific evidence on their effects. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at searching and compiling scientific evidence of alternative oral and dental treatments using medicinal herbs from Mexico. METHODS: We collected various Mexican medicinal plants used in the dental treatment from the database of the Institute of Biology at the National Autonomous University of Mexico...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676045/folded-bandage-contact-lens-retention-in-a-patient-with-bilateral-dry-eye-symptoms-a-case-report
#20
Derek K-H Ho, John P Mathews
BACKGROUND: Bandage contact lenses are commonly used by ophthalmic practitioners to protect the patient's cornea. We report a case of folded bandage contact lens retained for six and a half years in the upper subtarsal space. To our knowledge, no other cases of retained bandage contact lens have previously been reported in the literature. CASE PRESENTATION: A patient was applied a pair of bandage contact lenses due to persistent ocular pain secondary to dry eye symptoms...
July 4, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
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