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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770926/effect-of-mouthwashes-on-the-discolouration-of-restorative-materials-commonly-used-in-paediatric-dentistry
#1
N B Ulusoy, V Arikan, A Akbay Oba
AIM: This was to investigate the effects of Klorhex, Tantum Verde, Kloroben, and Listerine on the discolouration of composite resin, compomer, giomer, and resin-modified glass ionomer. METHODS: Fifty disc-shaped specimens from each restorative material (n = 50) were prepared; initial colour values were measured with a spectrophotometer. Forty specimens from each group were placed in the four different types of mouthwashes (n = 10), while the remaining 10 specimens were immersed in distilled water for 2 min, twice a day for a period of 3 weeks...
May 16, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738296/microcurrent-as-an-adjunct-therapy-to-accelerate-chronic-wound-healing-and-reduce-patient-pain
#2
Harikrishna K R Nair
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim is to assess the efficacy of microcurrent, a form of electrical stimulation, as an adjunct therapy in accelerating healing in chronic wounds by reducing wound size and pain level. The secondary aim is to assess the qualitative changes in these parameters: inflammatory symptoms, vasodilation, sleep quality, gait and frequency of bowel movement. METHOD: Eligible patients with chronic wounds were enrolled between March and June 2016, from the Wound Care Unit, Hospital Kuala Lumpur in this consecutive case series...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686791/lung-consolidation-as-a-rare-presentation-of-lymphoplasmacytic-lymphoma-with-extramedullary-waldenstr%C3%A3-m-s-macroglobulinemia
#3
Omar Abdulfattah, Ebad Ur Rahman, Bikash Bhattarai, Sumit Dahal, Zainab Alnafoosi, David Trauber, Danilo Enriquez, Frances Schmidt
Objectives : Lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma (LPL) is a mature B cell lymphoma that usually involves the bone marrow, spleen and lymph nodes. Extramedullary involvement, including the lung, is rarely reported. Case description : A 73-year-old female initially presented to our hospital complaining of productive cough of white-colour sputum for three weeks duration. She reported unintentional weight loss of ten pounds over the last five months. There was no history of haemoptysis, fever, night sweats, chills, recent infections or hospitalization...
2018: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626314/necrotising-fasciitis-a-fatal-case-of-sepsis-and-a-diagnostic-challenge-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#4
Lekha Agarwal, Athar Yasin
BACKGROUND: Necrotising fasciitis (NF) is a severe, devastating soft tissue infection characterised by rapidly progressing tissue necrosis. This rare condition has a high mortality rate and poses diagnostic and management challenges to the clinician. There is usually a history of trauma, which maybe trivial. Some of the premorbid conditions associated with NF are diabetes and or immunocompromised state. It requires prompt recognition and early treatment with intravenous antibiotics and extensive surgical debridement...
April 6, 2018: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610221/comparative-analysis-of-large-macular-hole-surgeries-using-an-internal-limiting-membrane-insertion-technique-versus-inverted-flap-technique
#5
Jong Ho Park, Seung Min Lee, Sung Who Park, Ji Eun Lee, Ik Soo Byon
BACKGROUND: To determine whether the internal limiting membrane (ILM) insertion technique is as effective as the inverted ILM flap technique for the initial surgical treatment of eyes with large idiopathic macular holes (MHs). METHODS: This retrospective, non-randomised, comparative clinical study included 41 eyes with large MHs (minimum diameter >500 µm) that were treated using the ILM insertion technique or the inverted ILM flap technique. The hole closure rate, postoperative best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and swept source optical coherence tomography findings were analysed at 6 months after surgery...
April 2, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555081/halioticida-noduliformans-infection-in-eggs-of-lobster-homarus-gammarus-reveals-its-generalist-parasitic-strategy-in-marine-invertebrates
#6
Corey Holt, Rachel Foster, Carly L Daniels, Mark van der Giezen, Stephen W Feist, Grant D Stentiford, David Bass
A parasite exhibiting Oomycete-like morphology and pathogenesis was isolated from discoloured eggs of the European lobster (Homarus gammarus) and later found in gill tissues of adults. Group-specific Oomycete primers were designed to amplify the 18S ribosomal small subunit (SSU), which initially identified the organism as the same as the 'Haliphthoros' sp. NJM 0034 strain (AB178865.1) previously isolated from abalone (imported from South Australia to Japan). However, in accordance with other published SSU-based phylogenies, the NJM 0034 isolate did not group with other known Haliphthoros species in our Maximum Likelihood and Bayesian phylogenies...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529679/fluorescein-staining-of-intraocular-lenses
#7
Heinrich Gerding
BACKGROUND: Recent case reports have indicated that intraocular lenses may be discoloured by systemically or locally applied fluorescein. Since very few data are available on the susceptibility of intraocular lenses to fluorescein, an experimental survey on lens discolouration was performed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Intraocular lenses fabricated from polmethylmethacrylate (PMMA), silicone, hydrophobic acrylic copolymers, and hydrophilic acrylic copolymers were exposed to 10% fluorescein...
April 2018: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525066/-diffuse-hypertrichosis-revealing-non-classical-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia
#8
C Berthin, P Sibilia, J Martins-Hericher, A Donzeau, L Martin
BACKGROUND: Non-classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia (NC-CAH) is a recessive autosomal disease caused by a deficiency of adrenal steroidogenesis enzymes. It must be distinguished from classical CAH, either simple virilising or salt-wasting, diagnosed during the neonatal period and responsible for potentially lethal disorders of sexual differentiation. NC-CAH presents a simpler and less specific clinical picture. Herein, we present two cases comprising twin girls consulting for diffuse hypertrichosis...
April 2018: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516857/prominent-hepatic-ductular-reaction-induced-by-oschmarinella-macrorchis-in-a-hubbs-beaked-whale-mesoplodon-carlhubbsi-with-biological-notes
#9
Shotaro Nakagun, Akira Shiozaki, Mari Ochiai, Ayaka Matsuda, Yuko Tajima, Takashi Matsuishi, Kenichi Watanabe, Noriyuki Horiuchi, Yoshiyasu Kobayashi
Beaked whales are among the least known group of cetaceans, and information regarding their pathology and parasitology is especially scarce. We describe a case of significant parasitism by a trematode found in the liver of an adult male Hubbs' beaked whale Mesoplodon carlhubbsi that stranded in Hokkaido, Japan. Post-mortem examinations revealed a localised area of discolouration restricted to the hilar region of the left hepatic lobe, where spindle-shaped trematodes occupied the dilated and hypertrophic bile ducts...
March 5, 2018: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500137/haematuria-in-sport-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Richard Deji Akiboye, Davendra M Sharma
CONTEXT: Haematuria is a common urological presentation associated with patient anxiety and clinically relevant underlying pathology. However, the prevalence and pathophysiology of haematuria following sporting exercise is less well documented. OBJECTIVES: This review paper seeks to clarify the prevalence of microscopic and macroscopic haematuria in association with sporting exercise reported in the literature, and the pathophysiology behind it. We review the relation of haematuria to injury to the urinary tract in sport, as well as the incidence of underlying disease, urological and incidental, following investigation for exercise-induced haematuria...
February 27, 2018: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485695/a-colourimetric-evaluation-of-the-effect-of-bacterial-contamination-on-teeth-stained-with-blood-in-vitro-evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-two-different-bleaching-regimes
#11
S Wang, P Cathro, G Heithersay, N Briggs, J Ratnayake, P Zilm
BACKGROUND: Tooth discolouration could occur due to bacterial contamination in traumatized teeth. Hydrogen peroxide is the commonly used bleaching agent. However, due to concerns over safety, alternative bleaching regimes such as sodium perborate (S) and thiourea-hydrogen peroxide (T) have been investigated. METHODS: Apices resected and pulp extirpated 99 premolars were divided into two groups. Group 1 and 2 was injected with blood and blood/bacteria, stored anaerobically for 35 days...
February 27, 2018: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484025/acrocyanosis-a-symptom-with-many-facettes
#12
REVIEW
Uwe Wollina, André Koch, Dana Langner, Gesina Hansel, Birgit Heinig, Torello Lotti, Georgi Tchernev
Acrocyanosis is an uncommon complaint belonging to the acro-syndromes. It typically presents with coolness and bluish discolourations of hands, feet, ears, nose, lips and nipple. The most frequently affected parts of the body are the hands. This review discusses physical factors, vascular disorders, infectious diseases, haematological disorders, solid tumours genetic disorders, drugs, eating disorders, and spinal disease presenting as or leading to acrocyanosis.
January 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480932/effectiveness-and-clinical-implications-of-the-use-of-topical-antibiotics-in-regenerative-endodontic-procedures-a-review
#13
REVIEW
P Montero-Miralles, J Martín-González, O Alonso-Ezpeleta, M C Jiménez-Sánchez, E Velasco-Ortega, J J Segura-Egea
Regenerative endodontic procedures (REPs) are biologically based procedures planned to replace damaged tissues, including dentinee and root structures, as well as cells of the pulp-dentine complex. Effective sterilization of the root canal is essential in REPs, and antibiotics have been widely used to disinfect root canals. The aim of this paper was to review the scientific literature on (i) Effectiveness of antibiotics used in REPs against bacteria implicated in endodontic disease; (ii) Scientific evidence supporting the use of topical antibiotics in REPs; (iii) Clinical implications of the use of antibiotics in REPs and the possible side effects; (iv) Effect of antibiotics on dental pulp stem cells; and (v) Ongoing research on the use of antibiotics in REPs...
February 26, 2018: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473538/-a-woman-with-swelling-and-blue-red-discolouration-of-the-leg
#14
E Benthem, V Brown
A 61-year-old woman presented with a sudden marked swelling and blue-red discolouration of her entire left leg. The diagnosis phlegmasia cerulea dolens was made. This is an extreme case of lower-extremity deep venous thrombosis that can cause critical limb ischaemia and possible limb loss.
2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469966/the-effect-of-skin-surface-topography-and-skin-colouration-cues-on-perception-of-male-facial-age-health-and-attractiveness
#15
B Fink, P J Matts, C Brauckmann, S Gundlach
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies investigating the effects of skin surface topography and colouration cues on the perception of female faces reported a differential weighting for the perception of skin topography and colour evenness, where topography was a stronger visual cue for the perception of age, whereas skin colour evenness was a stronger visual cue for the perception of health. We extend these findings in a study of the effect of skin surface topography and colour evenness cues on the perceptions of facial age, health and attractiveness in males...
April 2018: International Journal of Cosmetic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455178/disabling-pansclerotic-morphoea-of-childhood
#16
Indirakshi Jamalpur, Harikrishna Reddy Mogili, Abhilash Koratala
Disabling pansclerotic morphoea (DPM) of childhood is a severe and often fatal variant of deep morphoea. It usually starts in childhood and rarely seen in adults. The course of the disease is progressive with lifelong morbidity in the form of joint contractures and immobility. The causes of mortality include complications such as sepsis, gangrene and cardiopulmonary involvement. Herein, we discuss the case of a 15-year-old girl with limb deformity and finger contractures, that is, bone involvement. The diagnosis of DPM of childhood was fortuitously made after the correction of limb deformity, when the patient was seen in the dermatology department for evaluation of skin discolouration on the thighs...
February 17, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368581/purple-urine-bag-syndrome-a-truly-harmless-sign
#17
H Rooney, L Mokool, A Ramsay, S Nalagatla
Purple urine bag syndrome is an uncommon condition that describes the purple discolouration of a catheter bag and tubing. It mainly affects patients with limited mobility who have long-term catheters. Although benign in nature per se, its presence can alarm both patient and practitioner unfamiliar with the syndrome. Here, we describe two cases of asymptomatic patients who both presented to outpatient clinic with the characteristic purple discolouration of their long-term catheters and tubing. The report discusses the pathophysiology of the syndrome and initial investigation and management...
January 1, 2018: Scottish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305361/blue-toe-syndrome-as-a-first-sign-of-systemic-sclerosis
#18
Rugina Neuman, Marike Wabbijn, Samara Guillen, Adriaan Dees
We describe an unusual case of blue toe syndrome as the primary and solitary manifestation of systemic sclerosis. The possible cause was long-term occupational exposure in construction work. Blue toe syndrome is a small vessel disease, characterised by the sudden development of painful, blue discolouration in one or more toes. The most common aetiology is atheroembolic disease; however, it can also appear in several conditions ranging from hypercoagulability disorders to underlying systemic diseases such as vasculitis or autoimmune diseases...
January 5, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289946/different-applicabilities-of-the-etch-bleach-seal-technique-for-treating-opacities-on-permanent-incisor-damage-by-molar-incisor-hypomineralisation-in-three-young-patients
#19
Tony Prud'homme, Isabelle Hyon, Sylvie Dajean Trutaud, Serena Lopez Cazaux
Enamel opacity on anterior teeth can be prejudicial for the aesthetic appearance of affected patients. Patients with molar incisor hypomineralisation, for example, present opacities that can range from discrete white mottling to extensive yellow-brown discolourations. They can request a treatment to improve their aesthetic conditions. Many techniques have been considered to manage this condition. Wright developed a technique called etch-bleach-seal, which showed promising results for the management of anterior enamel opacities...
December 29, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248113/a-phylogenetic-and-morphological-overview-of-sections-bohusia-sanguinolenti-and-allied-sections-within-agaricus-subg-pseudochitonia-with-three-new-species-from-france-iran-and-portugal
#20
Valiollah Mahdizadeh, Luis Alberto Parra, Naser Safaie, Ebrahim Mohammadi Goltapeh, Jie Chen, Jacques Guinberteau, Philippe Callac
The genus Agaricus was recently rearranged to accommodate numerous tropical taxa. Accordingly, the genus was split into six subgenera and 22 sections of which 12 are included in A. subg. Pseudochitonia. Preliminary data indicated that three putative new species belong to this subgenus. Our objectives were to describe these species, to determine to which sections they belong, and to experience the interest of some traditional traits in this new context. We morphologically described Agaricus coniferarum from France and Portugal, Agaricus iranicus from Iran, and Agaricus lusitanicus from Portugal...
January 2018: Fungal Biology
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