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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822851/-why-are-we-not-doing-more-for-them-genocide-prevention-lessons-from-the-kindertransport
#1
J Angel, D P Evans
OBJECTIVES: Genocide remains one of the most widespread forms of preventable mortality and morbidity for children today. Despite the creation of multiple human rights treaties, genocide has not been eliminated and its effects disproportionally impact children. The Kindertransport was a series of rescue efforts that brought thousands of refugee children to the United Kingdom from Nazi Germany between 1938 and 1940. This qualitative study asks what public health professionals can learn from the prevention efforts of the Kindertransport by examining the experiences and reflections of individuals rescued as children...
August 17, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822579/facilitation-and-debriefing-in-simulation-education
#2
REVIEW
Sarah N Bowe, Kaalan Johnson, Liana Puscas
Successful simulation requires effective facilitation and debriefing to achieve educational goals. Simulation educational methods are diverse, ranging from partial task training to complicated, interdisciplinary team training. Various debriefing models have emerged based on method of instruction, learner experience, time and equipment capability, and physical facilities. The general structure of most debriefing sessions focuses on participant reactions, followed by analysis, and ending with a discussion of lessons learned...
August 16, 2017: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822540/life-threatening-complications-and-mortality-of-minimally-invasive-pectus-surgery
#3
André Hebra, Robert E Kelly, Marcelo M Ferro, Mustafa Yüksel, Jose Ribas M Campos, Donald Nuss
The prevalence and type of life-threatening complications related to the minimally invasive repair of pectus excavatum (MIRPE) and bar removal are unknown and underreported. The purpose of this communication is to make surgeons aware of the risk of these life threatening complications as well as the modifications which have been developed to prevent them. METHODS: Data related to life-threatening complications of Pectus Excavatum (PE) patients was obtained from four sources: 1. A survey of Chest Wall International Group (CWIG) surgeons who specialize in repairing congenital chest wall malformations, 2...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822211/healthcare-students-interprofessional-critical-event-disaster-response-course
#4
Tae Eung Kim, Tamara Shankel, Ellen T Reibling, Jacqueline Paik, Dolores Wright, Michelle Buckman, Kathi Wild, Ehren Ngo, Alireza Hayatshahi, Lee H Nguyen, T Kent Denmark, Tamara L Thomas
OBJECTIVE: Numerous disasters confirm the need for critical event training in healthcare professions. However, no single discipline works in isolation and interprofessional learning is recognized as a necessary component. An interprofessional faculty group designed a learning curriculum crossing professional schools. DESIGN: Faculty members from four healthcare schools within the university (nursing, pharmacy, allied health, and medicine) developed an interdisciplinary course merging both published cross-cutting competencies for critical event response and interprofessional education competencies...
January 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822079/interethnic-interaction-strategic-bargaining-power-and-the-dynamics-of-cultural-norms-a-field-study-in-an-amazonian-population
#5
John Andrew Bunce, Richard McElreath
Ethnic groups are universal and unique to human societies. Such groups sometimes have norms of behavior that are adaptively linked to their social and ecological circumstances, and ethnic boundaries may function to protect that variation from erosion by interethnic interaction. However, such interaction is often frequent and voluntary, suggesting that individuals may be able to strategically reduce its costs, allowing adaptive cultural variation to persist in spite of interaction with out-groups with different norms...
August 18, 2017: Human Nature: An Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820623/anticipating-loss-learning-to-live-with-my-father-s-cancer
#6
Emily T Cripe
In this article, I explore my experience living with my father's cancer diagnosis and treatment, as well as how it has affected our family. I discuss how this 12-year journey of living with cancer as a chronic illness has impacted my experience and how living with the anticipation of loss has shaped me. I reflect on the dialectical tension faced by families dealing with chronic cancer and the implications for how health communication scholars explore the impact of cancer on family members.
August 18, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820536/atp7a-and-atp7b-regulate-copper-homeostasis-in-developing-male-germ-cells-in-mice
#7
Mateusz Ogórek, Małgorzata Lenartowicz, Rafał Starzyński, Aneta Jończy, Robert Staroń, Andrzej Doniec, Wojciech Krzeptowski, Aleksandra Bednarz, Olga Pierzchała, Paweł Lipiński, Zenon Rajfur, Zbigniew Baster, Patrycja Gibas-Tybur, Paweł Grzmil
The maintenance of copper homeostasis is critical for all cells. As learned from mice with disturbed copper metabolism, this trace element is also important for spermatogenesis. The experiments conducted in yeasts have demonstrated that appropriate copper level must be preserved to enable meiosis progression; however, increased copper level is toxic for cells. This study aims to analyze the expression profile of Atp7a and Atp7b and other genes encoding copper-related proteins during spermatogenesis in mice...
August 18, 2017: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820510/implementation-and-use-of-a-patient-symptom-diary-during-chemotherapy-a-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-the-nurse-perspective
#8
Annemarie Coolbrandt, Erika Bruyninckx, Chris Verslype, Ester Steffens, Ellen Vanhove, Hans Wildiers, Koen Milisen
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To gain a deeper understanding of nurses' experience working with a patient diary for tracking and treating side effects during chemotherapy.
. DESIGN: A mixed-methods design was used to learn about oncology nurses' use and perceptions of a symptom diary. 
. SETTING: Six oncology wards and two outpatient clinics at the University Hospitals Leuven, Belgium.
. SAMPLE: 79 nurses completed a survey, and 14 nurses participated in focus group discussions...
September 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820153/learning-curve-of-femtosecond-laser-assisted-cataract-surgery-experience-of-surgeons-new-to-femtosecond-laser-platform
#9
Josephine Susai Christy, Manas Nath, Fredrick Mouttapa, Rengaraj Venkatesh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to assess the learning curve in the initial 100 cases of cataract surgery performed using femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) by experienced cataract surgeons without prior experience in femtosecond laser platform. METHODS: This study was conducted at tertiary care eye hospital, South India. This was a prospective interventional study. The first 100 consecutive eyes undergoing FLACS were studied to understand docking time, number of docking attempts, problems encountered during docking, and complications attributable to docking...
August 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819954/contemporary-outcomes-of-catheter-ablation-of-accessory-pathways-complications-and-learning-curve
#10
Marek Jastrzębski, Paweł Moskal, Maciej Pitak, Kamil Fijorek, Andrzej Rudziński, Danuta Czarnecka
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The aim of this study was to examine contemporary results of accessory pathway (AP) ablation in a sizeable number of patients, focusing on periprocedural complications and the learning curve. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of consecutive AP ablation procedures at three centresby the same operator. In total 629 electrophysiological studies and 610 AP ablation procedures were performed in 570 patients (age: 33 ± 18.9 years)...
2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819513/strengthening-and-expanding-the-capacity-of-health-worker-education-in-zambia
#11
Charles Michelo, Joseph Mumba Zulu, Moses Simuyemba, Benjamin Andrews, Max Katubulushi, Benjamin Chi, Evariste Njelesani, Bellington Vwalika, Kasonde Bowa, Margaret Maimbolwa, James Chipeta, Fastone Goma, Selestine Nzala, Sekelani Banda, John Mudenda, Yusuf Ahmed, Lotti Hachambwa, Craig Wilson, Sten Vermund, Yakub Mulla
INTRODUCTION: Zambia is facing a chronic shortage of health care workers. The paper aimed at understanding how the Medical Education Partnership Initiative (MEPI) program facilitated strengthening and expanding of the national capacity and quality of medical education as well as processes for retaining faculty in Zambia. METHODS: Data generated through documentary review, key informant interviews and observations were analyzed using a thematic approach. RESULTS: The MEPI program triggered the development of new postgraduate programs thereby increasing student enrollment...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819097/the-non-coding-rna-bc1-regulates-experience-dependent-structural-plasticity-and-learning
#12
Victor Briz, Leonardo Restivo, Emanuela Pasciuto, Konrad Juczewski, Valentina Mercaldo, Adrian C Lo, Pieter Baatsen, Natalia V Gounko, Antonella Borreca, Tiziana Girardi, Rossella Luca, Julie Nys, Rogier B Poorthuis, Huibert D Mansvelder, Gilberto Fisone, Martine Ammassari-Teule, Lutgarde Arckens, Patrik Krieger, Rhiannon Meredith, Claudia Bagni
The brain cytoplasmic (BC1) RNA is a non-coding RNA (ncRNA) involved in neuronal translational control. Absence of BC1 is associated with altered glutamatergic transmission and maladaptive behavior. Here, we show that pyramidal neurons in the barrel cortex of BC1 knock out (KO) mice display larger excitatory postsynaptic currents and increased spontaneous activity in vivo. Furthermore, BC1 KO mice have enlarged spine heads and postsynaptic densities and increased synaptic levels of glutamate receptors and PSD-95...
August 17, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818834/designing-and-implementing-a-physiology-course-for-a-new-doctoral-occupational-therapy-program-with-student-feedback
#13
Barbara E Goodman, Moses N Ikiugu
Recently, the Occupational Therapy Department requested a custom-designed medical physiology course for the students in the new occupational therapy doctoral program. The first author, a physiologist with extensive experience in teaching both undergraduate preprofessional and medical students in human physiology, was recruited to design and implement the course. The course was designed to be consistent with the constructivist philosophy that guides the occupational therapy curriculum. The course was offered for the first time during fall/spring 2015/2016 and included both first- and second-year occupational therapy doctoral students...
September 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818276/the-role-of-incremental-parsing-in-syntactically-conditioned-word-learning
#14
Jeffrey Lidz, Aaron Steven White, Rebecca Baier
In a series of three experiments, we use children's noun learning as a probe into their syntactic knowledge as well as their ability to deploy this knowledge, investigating how the predictions children make about upcoming syntactic structure change as their knowledge changes. In the first two experiments, we show that children display a developmental change in their ability to use a noun's syntactic environment as a cue to its meaning. We argue that this pattern arises from children's reliance on their knowledge of verbs' subcategorization frame frequencies to guide parsing, coupled with an inability to revise incremental parsing decisions...
September 2017: Cognitive Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818162/impact-of-a-social-media-group-page-on-undergraduate-medical-physiology-learning
#15
Tania Ahmed Shakoori, Usman Mahboob, Janet Strivens, Ian Willis
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of associating classroom learning of medical physiology with a Facebook group page in an all-women medical college of a conservative small city in Pakistan. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative interpretivist study using semi-structured interviews. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Women Medical College Abbottabad, Pakistan, from March to December 2014. METHODOLOGY: Aclosed Facebook study group was established at a local medical college in Pakistan...
July 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818075/perspectives-of-basic-wheelchair-users-on-improving-their-access-to-wheelchair-services-in-kenya-and-philippines-a-qualitative-study
#16
Emma Williams, Elizabeth Hurwitz, Immaculate Obaga, Brenda Onguti, Adovich Rivera, Tyrone Reden L Sy, R Lee Kirby, Jamie Noon, Deepti Tanuku, Anthony Gichangi, Eva Bazant
BACKGROUND: The United Nations has called for countries to improve access to mobility devices when needed. The World Health Organization has published guidelines on the provision of manual wheelchairs in less-resourced settings. Yet little is known about the extent to which appropriate wheelchairs are available and provided according to international guidelines. This study's purpose was to describe wheelchair users' experiences receiving services and acquiring wheelchair skills in urban and peri-urban areas of Kenya and the Philippines...
August 17, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818008/occupational-therapy-student-experiences-of-a-university-mental-health-course-based-on-an-integrated-application-of-problem-based-and-team-based-learning
#17
Annika Lexén, Jenny Hultqvist, Gunilla Amnér
BACKGROUND: The goal of problem-based and team-based learning (PBL/TBL) is to maximize student engagement and encourage interactive learning. Combining these methods in course design is described as a win-win situation that optimizes student learning, professional development, and uses varied teaching approaches that fit well within health science. More research is needed in the effectiveness of such a hybrid approach. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore student experiences of a newly developed mental health course based on an integrated application of PBL and TBL in a university occupational therapy program in Sweden...
August 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817475/replacing-smartphones-with-mini-tablet-technology-an-evaluation
#18
Rhonda Maneval, Marci Mechtel
Handheld technology allows students to access point-of-care resources throughout the clinical experience. To assess the viability of replacing student smartphones with tablets, an evaluation project was undertaken. Overall, students were equally dissatisfied with the 2 types of tablets that were evaluated. Students saw the potential usefulness of tablets to manage clinical assignments, interact with the learning management system, and communicate with faculty, but not for retrieving information currently accessible on their phones...
August 16, 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817431/challenges-in-health-care-simulation-are-we-learning-anything-new
#19
Kerm Henriksen, David Rodrick, Erin N Grace, P Jeffrey Brady
The growth of health care simulation in schools of medicine and nursing is noteworthy, as is the increasingly sophisticated simulation technology, support from funding agencies and foundations for research, well-attended annual conferences, and continued interest of accreditation and certification groups. Yet there are concerns preventing the full value of health care simulation to be realized when examined from a patient safety perspective. Basic questions are asked by funders of patient safety research when assessing past simulation projects undertaken to advance patient safety: Are the safety and quality of care to patients actually improved, and is something new being learned regarding the optimal use of simulation? Concerns focus on pursuing the right research questions to learn something new about the most effective use of simulation; doing more with simulation than simply providing an interesting, stand-alone educational experience; attending more seriously to how skill acquisition, maintenance, and progression get managed; and encouraging investigators, funders, and reviewers to expand their vision regarding what constitutes important inquiry and evidence in health care simulation...
August 16, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816960/successful-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-for-displaced-femoral-fracture-in-a-patient-with-osteopetrosis-case-report-and-lessons-learned
#20
Jiangfa Huang, Jianke Pan, Mingtao Xu, Shuchai Xu
RATIONALE: Osteopetrosis is a rare disease that predominantly occurs in descendants of inbreeding families. In the case of fractures happen in patients with osteopetrosis, the choice between operative or conservative treatment is still controversial. Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) is a conventional treatment for fractures, and it possesses more applicability than conservative treatment. During this surgical treatment, ensure that bone union in the right way is pivotal to success and simultaneously prevents refracture and displacement after the operation...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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