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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210067/the-effects-of-tai-chi-on-waist-circumference-and-blood-pressure-in-the-elderly
#1
Young Mee Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Tai Chi on waist circumference and blood pressure in the elderly. The present study used a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. [Subjects and Methods] Sixty-eight elderly individuals residing in J city were divided into 2 groups: 34 in the experimental group, who received Tai Chi training for 6 weeks, and 34 in the control group, who did not receive Tai Chi training. Simplified Yang style 24-form Tai Chi was used as the intervention, which was conducted for 60 minutes per session, 5 sessions per week, for a total of 6 weeks...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192793/nonpharmacologic-therapies-for-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-for-an-american-college-of-physicians-clinical-practice-guideline
#2
Roger Chou, Richard Deyo, Janna Friedly, Andrea Skelly, Robin Hashimoto, Melissa Weimer, Rochelle Fu, Tracy Dana, Paul Kraegel, Jessica Griffin, Sara Grusing, Erika D Brodt
Background: A 2007 American College of Physicians guideline addressed nonpharmacologic treatment options for low back pain. New evidence is now available. Purpose: To systematically review the current evidence on nonpharmacologic therapies for acute or chronic nonradicular or radicular low back pain. Data Sources: Ovid MEDLINE (January 2008 through February 2016), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and reference lists...
February 14, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192789/noninvasive-treatments-for-acute-subacute-and-chronic-low-back-pain-a-clinical-practice-guideline-from-the-american-college-of-physicians
#3
Amir Qaseem, Timothy J Wilt, Robert M McLean, Mary Ann Forciea
Description: The American College of Physicians (ACP) developed this guideline to present the evidence and provide clinical recommendations on noninvasive treatment of low back pain. Methods: Using the ACP grading system, the committee based these recommendations on a systematic review of randomized, controlled trials and systematic reviews published through April 2015 on noninvasive pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatments for low back pain. Updated searches were performed through November 2016...
February 14, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186925/a-critical-appraisal-of-the-methodology-and-quality-of-evidence-of-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses-of-traditional-chinese-medical-nursing-interventions-a-systematic-review-of-reviews
#4
Ying-Hui Jin, Guo-Hao Wang, Yi-Rong Sun, Qi Li, Chen Zhao, Ge Li, Jin-Hua Si, Yan Li, Cui Lu, Hong-Cai Shang
OBJECTIVE: To assess the methodology and quality of evidence of systematic reviews and meta-analyses of traditional Chinese medical nursing (TCMN) interventions in Chinese journals. These interventions include acupressure, massage, Tai Chi, Qi Gong, electroacupuncture and use of Chinese herbal medicines-for example, in enemas, foot massage and compressing the umbilicus. DESIGN: A systematic literature search for systematic reviews and meta-analyses of TCMN interventions was performed...
November 14, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183188/the-ottawa-panel-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-management-of-knee-osteoarthritis-part-one-introduction-and-mind-body-exercise-programs
#5
Lucie Brosseau, Jade Taki, Brigit Desjardins, Odette Thevenot, Marlene Fransen, George A Wells, Aline Mizusaki Imoto, Karine Toupin-April, Marie Westby, Inmaculada C Álvarez Gallardo, Wendy Gifford, Lucie Laferrière, Prinon Rahman, Laurianne Loew, Gino De Angelis, Sabrina Cavallo, Shirin Mehdi Shallwani, Ala' Aburub, Kim L Bennell, Martin Van der Esch, Milena Simic, Sara McConnell, Alison Harmer, Glen P Kenny, Gail Paterson, Jean-Philippe Regnaux, Marie-Martine Lefevre-Colau, Linda McLean
OBJECTIVE: To identify effective mind-body exercise programs and provide clinicians and patients with updated, high-quality recommendations concerning non-traditional land-based exercises for knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: A systematic search and adapted selection criteria included comparative controlled trials with mind-body exercise programs for patients with knee osteoarthritis. A panel of experts reached consensus on the recommendations using a Delphi survey...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182629/tai-chi-for-health-benefits-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#6
Liye Zou, Huiru Wang, ZhongJun Xiao, Qun Fang, Mark Zhang, Ting Li, Geng Du, Yang Liu
The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the existing evidence on the effectiveness and safety of Tai chi, which is critical to provide guidelines for clinicians to improve symptomatic management in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). After performing electronic and manual searches of many sources, ten relevant peer-reviewed studies that met the inclusion criteria were retrieved. The existing evidence supports the effectiveness of Tai chi on improving quality of life (QOL) and functional balance in MS patients...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174463/preliminary-validation-of-an-exercise-program-suitable-for-pregnant-women-with-abnormal-glucose-metabolism-inhibitory-effects-of-tai-chi-yuttari-exercise-on-plasma-glucose-elevation
#7
Sachina Yamamoto, Kyoko Kagawa, Naohi Hori, Yoshiteru Akezaki, Kohei Mori, Takuo Nomura
[Purpose] There is insufficient evidence related to exercise programs that are safe and efficacious for pregnant women with abnormal glucose metabolism. Tai Chi Yuttari-exercise is an exercise program with validated safety and efficacy in improving physical function in the elderly. In this study, we investigated this program's inhibitory effects on plasma glucose elevation when it was adapted to a pregnancy model. [Subjects and Methods] Twelve 18- to 19-year-old females without a history of pregnancy were randomly assorted into two groups: an intervention group, for which six subjects were outfitted with mock-pregnancy suits and asked to perform Tai Chi Yuttari-exercise, and a control group who did not perform exercise...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169310/tai-chi-chuan-and-baduanjin-practice-modulates-functional-connectivity-of-the-cognitive-control-network-in-older-adults
#8
Jing Tao, Xiangli Chen, Natalia Egorova, Jiao Liu, Xiehua Xue, Qin Wang, Guohua Zheng, Moyi Li, Wenjun Hong, Sharon Sun, Lidian Chen, Jian Kong
Cognitive impairment is one of the most common problem saffecting older adults. In this study, we investigated whether Tai Chi Chuan and Baduanjin practice can modulate mental control functionand the resting state functional connectivity (rsFC) of the cognitive control network in older adults. Participants in the two exercise groups practiced either Tai Chi Chuan or Baduanjin for 12 weeks, and those in the control group received basic health education. Memory tests and fMRI scans were conducted at baseline and at the end of the study...
February 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167744/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-tai-chi-for-preventing-falls-in-older-adults
#9
Zhi-Guan Huang, Yun-Hui Feng, Yu-He Li, Chang-Sheng Lv
OBJECTIVE: It remains unclear whether Tai Chi is effective for preventing falls in older adults. We undertook this systematic review to evaluate the preventive effect of Tai Chi by updating the latest trial evidence. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched up to February 2016 to identify randomised trials evaluating Tai Chi for preventing falls in older adults. We evaluated the risk of bias of included trials using the Cochrane Collaboration's tool...
February 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154608/tai-chi-yoga-and-qigong-as-mind-body-exercises
#10
EDITORIAL
Yong Tai Wang, Guoyuan Huang, Gloria Duke, Yi Yang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150266/-non-pharmacological-interventions-for-pregnancy-related-sleep-disturbances
#11
Hsuan-Man Hung, Hsiao-Ching Chiang
Most women experience the worse sleep quality of their life during pregnancy and the early postpartum period. Although pregnancy typically accounts for a relatively short part of a woman's life, the related sleep disturbances may have a significant and negative impact on her long-term health. Approximately 78-80% of pregnant women experience sleep disturbances, including interruptions in deep sleep, decreased total sleep time, poor subjective sleep quality, frequent night waking, and reduced sleep efficacy...
February 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146026/does-postural-awareness-contribute-to-exercise-induced-improvements-in-neck-pain-intensity-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-evaluating-tai-chi-and-neck-exercises
#12
Romy Lauche, Peter M Wayne, Johannes Fehr, Christoph Stumpe, Gustav Dobos, Holger Cramer
STUDY DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial OBJECTIVE.: This secondary analysis aims to examine associations of improvement of chronic neck pain with patients' and intervention-related characteristics. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Previous research has found that Tai Chi and neck exercises significantly improved chronic non-specific neck pain; however the factors for treatment success remain unclear. METHODS: Subjects with chronic non-specific neck pain were randomly assigned to 12 weeks of group Tai Chi or conventional neck exercises, and they attended 12 weekly sessions of 60-90 minutes...
January 31, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137531/effects-of-a-12-week-program-of-tai-chi-exercise-on-the-kidney-disease-quality-of-life-and-physical-functioning-of-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-on-hemodialysis
#13
Jo-Han Chang, Malcolm Koo, Sheng-Wen Wu, Chiu-Yuan Chen
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that exercise training in patients with end-stage renal disease could improve their physical functioning and quality of life. Nevertheless, few studies have evaluated the effects of Tai Chi exercise in patients on hemodialysis. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of a Tai Chi exercise intervention on the quality of life and physical functioning in end-stage renal disease patients on hemodialysis. DESIGN: A pre-post experimental design...
February 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122151/serum-viral-load-at-the-virological-relapse-predicts-subsequent-clinical-flares-in-chronic-hepatitis-b-patients-off-entecavir-therapy
#14
Yao-Chun Hsu, Lein-Ray Mo, Chi-Yang Chang, Ming-Shiang Wu, Tzeng-Huey Yang, Jia-Horng Kao, Chieh-Chang Chen, Cheng-Hao Tseng, Chi-Ming Tai, Chih-Wen Lin, Chun-Ying Wu, Jaw-Town Lin
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic duration of nucleos(t)ide analogues for chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is not indefinite in many parts of the world. Viral reactivation is common off therapy but the risk of subsequent clinical outcome remains unclear and unpredictable. AIM: We aimed to quantify the incidence of and explore the predictors for clinical flare following virological relapse in CHB patients who discontinue entecavir therapy. METHODS: This multicenter cohort study prospectively monitored 133 CHB patients who were HBeAg-negative and viral DNA-undetectable when discontinuing entecavir after at least 3 years on therapy...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116134/the-potential-yield-of-tai-chi-in-cancer-survivorship
#15
EDITORIAL
Lee Smith, Dan Gordon, Adrian Scruton, Lin Yang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Future Science OA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115837/effects-of-tai-chi-qigong-on-psychosocial-well-being-among-hidden-elderly-using-elderly-neighborhood-volunteer-approach-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Aileen Wk Chan, Doris Sf Yu, K C Choi
PURPOSE: To test the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of a tai chi qigong program with the assistance of elderly neighborhood volunteers in strengthening social networks and enhancing the psychosocial well-being of hidden elderly. PATIENTS AND METHODS: "Hidden elderly" is a term used to describe older adults who are socially isolated and refuse social participation. This pilot randomized controlled trial recruited 48 older adults aged 60 or above who did not engage in any social activity...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089433/derivation-and-validation-of-a-scoring-system-for-predicting-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis-in-taiwanese-patients-with-severe-obesity
#17
Chi-Ming Tai, Ming-Lung Yu, Hung-Pin Tu, Chih-Kun Huang, Jau-Chung Hwang, Wan-Long Chuang
BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is common in severely obese Asians and may progress to advanced liver disease. Although invasive, liver biopsy is the gold standard for NASH diagnosis. Scoring systems for predicting NASH in obese Asians are scarce. OBJECTIVES: To develop and validate a scoring system to predict NASH in Taiwanese patients with severe obesity. SETTING: University hospital, Taiwan. METHODS: Preoperative clinical and laboratory data were obtained from 180 severely obese patients who underwent bariatric surgery...
December 7, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087891/physical-activity-and-exercise-for-chronic-pain-in-adults-an-overview-of-cochrane-reviews
#18
REVIEW
Louise J Geneen, R Andrew Moore, Clare Clarke, Denis Martin, Lesley A Colvin, Blair H Smith
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is defined as pain lasting beyond normal tissue healing time, generally taken to be 12 weeks. It contributes to disability, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances, poor quality of life, and healthcare costs. Chronic pain has a weighted mean prevalence in adults of 20%.For many years, the treatment choice for chronic pain included recommendations for rest and inactivity. However, exercise may have specific benefits in reducing the severity of chronic pain, as well as more general benefits associated with improved overall physical and mental health, and physical functioning...
January 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055821/prevalence-of-mindfulness-practices-in-the-us-workforce-national-health-interview-survey
#19
Diana Kachan, Henry Olano, Stacey L Tannenbaum, Debra W Annane, Ashwin Mehta, Kristopher L Arheart, Lora E Fleming, Xuan Yang, Laura A McClure, David J Lee
INTRODUCTION: Mindfulness-based practices can improve workers' health and reduce employers' costs by ameliorating the negative effect of stress on workers' health. We examined the prevalence of engagement in 4 mindfulness-based practices in the US workforce. METHODS: We used 2002, 2007, and 2012 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) data for adults (aged ≥18 y, n = 85,004) to examine 12-month engagement in meditation, yoga, tai chi, and qigong among different groups of workers...
January 5, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027042/effectiveness-of-occupational-therapy-interventions-for-adults-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-systematic-review
#20
Patricia Siegel, Melissa Tencza, Beverly Apodaca, Janet L Poole
OBJECTIVE: We reviewed the efficacy of occupational therapy-related interventions for adults with rheumatoid arthritis. METHOD: We examined 51 Level I studies (19 physical activity, 32 psychoeducational) published 2000-2014 and identified from five databases. Interventions that focused solely on the upper or lower extremities were not included. RESULTS: Findings related to key outcomes (activities of daily living, ability, pain, fatigue, depression, self-efficacy, disease symptoms) are presented...
January 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
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