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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667260/tai-chi-improves-brain-metabolism-and-muscle-energetics-in-older-adults
#1
Min Zhou, Huijun Liao, Lasya P Sreepada, Joshua R Ladner, James A Balschi, Alexander P Lin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Tai Chi is a mind-body exercise that has been shown to improve both mental and physical health. As a result, recent literature suggests the use of Tai Chi to treat both physical and psychological disorders. However, the underlying physiological changes have not been characterized. The aim of this pilot study is to assess the changes in brain metabolites and muscle energetics after Tai Chi training in an aging population using a combined brain-muscle magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) examination...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Neuroimaging: Official Journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662781/the-effect-of-chinese-martial-arts-tai-chi-chuan-on-prevention-of-osteoporosis-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Tsz Ho Chow, Bo Yee Lee, Adrian Bing Fung Ang, Veronica Yi Ki Cheung, Michelle Man Ching Ho, Saori Takemura
Background/Objective: Tai Chi Chuan (TCC) is suggested to have beneficial effects on the musculoskeletal system. The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate the evidence of the effect of TCC on bone mineral density (BMD) and its potential for prevention of osteoporosis. Methods: A literature search was conducted using PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane databases from inception to January 2017. Randomized controlled studies, case-control trials, prospective cohort studies, and cross-sectional studies which evaluated the effect of TCC on BMD were selected without any subject or language restriction...
January 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Translation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662308/hypoglycemic-and-antioxidant-effect-of-tai-chi-exercise-training-in-older-adults-with-metabolic-syndrome
#3
Víctor Manuel Mendoza-Núñez, Taide Laurita Arista-Ugalde, Juana Rosado-Pérez, Mirna Ruiz-Ramos, Edelmiro Santiago-Osorio
Introduction: The antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of Tai chi (TC) exercise training in healthy older adults has been demonstrated. However, there are no studies on this effect in older adults with metabolic syndrome (MetS). Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of TC exercise on oxidative stress and inflammatory markers in older adults with MetS. Methods: A quasi-experimental study was carried out with a sample of 110 older sedentary volunteers with clinical diagnoses of MetS: (i) a control group, n = 50, of individuals who do not participate in physical exercise, of which 37 fulfilled the entire study protocol, and (ii) an experimental group, n = 60, of subjects enrolled in a TC exercise training program (eight-form easy), 5 days a week for 6 months, in sessions of 50 min, under the supervision of a qualified instructor, of which 48 fulfilled the entire study protocol...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660606/generation-of-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-from-a-patient-with-best-dystrophy-carrying-11q12-3-best1-vmd2-mutation
#4
Chih-Chien Hsu, Huai-En Lu, Jen-Hua Chuang, Yu-Ling Ko, Yi-Ching Tsai, Hsiao-Yun Tai, Aliaksandr A Yarmishyn, De-Kuang Hwang, Mong-Lien Wang, Yi-Ping Yang, Shih-Jen Chen, Chi-Hsien Peng, Shih-Hwa Chiou, Tai-Chi Lin
Best disease (BD), also termed Best vitelliform macular dystrophy (BVMD), is a juvenile-onset form of macular degeneration and central visual loss. In this report, we generated an induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) line, TVGH-iPSC-012-04, from the peripheral blood mononuclear cells of a female patient with BD by using the Sendai virus delivery system. The resulting iPSCs retained the disease-causing DNA mutation, expressed pluripotent markers and could differentiate into three germ layers. We believe that BD patient-specific iPSCs provide a powerful in vitro model for evaluating the pathological phenotypes of the disease...
April 3, 2018: Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650371/turo-qi-dance-program-for-parkinson-s-disease-patients-randomized-assessor-blind-waiting-list-control-partial-crossover-study
#5
Hwa-Jin Lee, Song-Yi Kim, Younbyoung Chae, Mi-Young Kim, Changshik Yin, Woo-Sang Jung, Ki-Ho Cho, Seung-Nam Kim, Hi-Joon Park, Hyejung Lee
CONTEXT: Qigong, Tai-chi and dancing have all been proven effective for Parkinson's disease (PD); however, no study has yet assessed the efficacy of Turo, a hybrid qigong dancing program developed to relieve symptoms in PD patients. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether Turo may provide benefit in addressing the symptoms of PD patients. DESIGN: Randomized, assessor blind, waiting-list control, partial crossover study. SETTING: Kyung Hee University Korean Medicine Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea...
March 1, 2018: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625777/tai-chi-and-pulmonary-rehabilitation-compared-for-treatment-naive-patients-with-copd-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Michael I Polkey, Zhi-Hui Qiu, Lian Zhou, Meng-Duo Zhu, Ying-Xin Wu, Yong-Yi Chen, Sheng-Peng Ye, Yu-Shan He, Mei Jiang, Bai-Ting He, Bhavin Mehta, Nan-Shan Zhong, Yuan-Ming Luo
BACKGROUND: In COPD, functional status is improved by pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) but requires specific facilities. Tai Chi, which combines psychological treatment and physical exercise and requires no special equipment, is widely practiced in China and is becoming increasingly popular in the rest of the world. We hypothesized that Tai Chi is equivalent (ie, difference less than ±4 St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire [SGRQ] points) to PR. METHODS: A total of 120 patients (mean FEV1 , 1...
March 28, 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621686/examination-of-sustainability-indicators-for-fall-prevention-strategies-in-three-states
#7
Matthew Lee Smith, Nicholas K Durrett, Ellen C Schneider, Imani N Byers, Tiffany E Shubert, Ashley D Wilson, Samuel D Towne, Marcia G Ory
With 1-in-4 older adults suffering a fall each year, fall prevention efforts have emerged as a public health priority. Multi-level, evidence-based fall prevention programs have been promoted by the CDC and other government agencies. To ensure participants and communities receive programs' intended benefits, organizations must repeatedly deliver the programs over time and plan for program sustainability as part of 'scaling up' the initiative. The State Falls Prevention Project (SFPP) began in 2011 when the CDC provided 5 years of funding to State Departments of Health in Colorado, New York, and Oregon to simultaneously implement four fall prevention strategies: 1) Tai Chi: Moving for Better Balance; 2) Stepping On; 3) Otago Exercise Program; and 4) STEADI (STopping Elderly Accidents, Deaths, and Injuries) toolkit...
February 13, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609944/movement-and-manual-therapy-for-adults-with-arthritis-2012-national-health-interview-survey
#8
Elise Pure, Lauren Terhorst, Nancy Baker
BACKGROUND: The use of manual therapies (chiropractic manipulation, massage) and movement therapies (yoga, tai chi) by people with arthritis may relate to their personal characteristics, and the reported emotional and physical health outcomes may differ by type of therapy. OBJECTIVES: To describe personal characteristics and predictors of manual and movement therapy use for people with arthritis, and to compare the use of manual versus movement therapy to improve physical and emotional health outcomes for people with arthritis...
April 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599993/a-mixed-methods-study-of-tai-chi-exercise-for-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-aged-70-years-and-older
#9
Lena Hägglund, Kurt Boman, Margareta Brännström
Aims and objectives: This study aimed to evaluate Tai Chi group training among patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) aged 70 years and older. Background: Physical activity is recommended for CHF treatment. Tai Chi is found to be beneficial to different patient groups, although few studies focus on older patients with CHF. Design: A mixed methods study. Participants were randomly assigned to Tai Chi training twice a week for 16 weeks ( N  =   25) or control ( N  =   20)...
April 2018: Nursing Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590422/veteran-experiences-seeking-non-pharmacologic-approaches-for-pain
#10
Karleen Giannitrapani, Matthew McCaa, Marie Haverfield, Robert D Kerns, Christine Timko, Steven Dobscha, Karl Lorenz
Introduction: Pain is a longstanding and growing concern among US military veterans. Although many individuals rely on medications, a growing body of literature supports the use of complementary non-pharmacologic approaches when treating pain. Our objective is to characterize veteran experiences with and barriers to accessing alternatives to medication (e.g., non-pharmacologic treatments or non-pharmacologic approaches) for pain in primary care. Materials and Methods: Data for this qualitative analysis were collected as part of the Effective Screening for Pain (ESP) study (2012-2017), a national randomized controlled trial of pain screening and assessment methods...
March 26, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564620/ameliorative-effects-of-tai-chi-on-cancer-related-fatigue-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#11
REVIEW
Shangjin Song, Jiahui Yu, Yi Ruan, Xuan Liu, Lijuan Xiu, Xiaoqiang Yue
PURPOSE: This meta-analysis investigated the effectiveness of Tai Chi on cancer-related fatigue (CRF). METHODS: Nine databases (PubMed, Web of Science, Ovid, the Cochrane Library, Embase, and four Chinese databases) were searched to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that evaluated the effects of Tai Chi on CRF. The reference lists given in the identified RCTs were also reviewed to identify potentially relevant studies. RESULTS: Six RCTs involving 373 patients were included...
March 21, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563100/effect-of-tai-chi-versus-aerobic-exercise-for-fibromyalgia-comparative-effectiveness-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Chenchen Wang, Christopher H Schmid, Roger A Fielding, William F Harvey, Kieran F Reid, Lori Lyn Price, Jeffrey B Driban, Robert Kalish, Ramel Rones, Timothy McAlindon
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of tai chi interventions compared with aerobic exercise, a current core standard treatment in patients with fibromyalgia, and to test whether the effectiveness of tai chi depends on its dosage or duration. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, 52 week, single blind comparative effectiveness trial. SETTING: Urban tertiary care academic hospital in the United States between March 2012 and September 2016...
March 21, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543125/the-effects-of-poi-on-physical-and-cognitive-function-in-healthy-older-adults
#13
Kate Riegle van West, Cathy Stinear, Ralph Buck
This study investigated the effects of poi (a weight on the end of a cord which is swung in circular patterns around the body) compared to Tai Chi on physical and cognitive function in healthy older adults. Seventy-nine participants (60 - 86 years) were randomly allocated to the poi or Tai Chi group. Physical and cognitive function were measured one month before, immediately before, immediately after, and one month after the intervention (2 lessons a week for 4 weeks). Immediately post intervention both groups improved postural stability, upper limb strength, and simple attention...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542330/revealing-the-neural-mechanisms-underlying-the-beneficial-effects-of-tai-chi-a-neuroimaging-perspective
#14
Angus P Yu, Bjorn T Tam, Christopher W Lai, Doris S Yu, Jean Woo, Ka-Fai Chung, Stanley S Hui, Justina Y Liu, Gao X Wei, Parco M Siu
Tai Chi Chuan (TCC), a traditional Chinese martial art, is well-documented to result in beneficial consequences in physical and mental health. TCC is regarded as a mind-body exercise that is comprised of physical exercise and meditation. Favorable effects of TCC on body balance, gait, bone mineral density, metabolic parameters, anxiety, depression, cognitive function, and sleep have been previously reported. However, the underlying mechanisms explaining the effects of TCC remain largely unclear. Recently, advances in neuroimaging technology have offered new investigative opportunities to reveal the effects of TCC on anatomical morphologies and neurological activities in different regions of the brain...
2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534040/anti-inflammatory-polyoxygenated-steroids-from-the-soft-coral-lobophytum-michaelae
#15
Chiung-Yao Huang, Wan-Ru Tseng, Atallah F Ahmed, Pei-Lun Chiang, Chi-Jen Tai, Tsong-Long Hwang, Chang-Feng Dai, Jyh-Horng Sheu
Three new polyoxygenated steroids, michosterols A-C ( 1 - 3 ), and four known compounds ( 4 - 7 ) were isolated from the ethyl acetate (EtOAc) extract of the soft coral Lobophytum michaelae , collected off the coast of Taitung. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analyses and comparison of the nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) data with related steroids. The cytotoxicity of compounds 1 - 3 against the proliferation of a limited panel of cancer cell lines was assayed...
March 13, 2018: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527468/primary-care-providers-discussion-of-fall-prevention-approaches-with-their-older-adult-patients-docstyles-2014
#16
Elizabeth R Burns, Yara K Haddad, Erin M Parker
Falls are the leading cause of fatal and non-fatal injuries among older adults. The American and British Geriatric Societies recommend a fall risk assessment to identify risk factors and guide interventions to prevent these falls. This study describes the self-reported discussion of fall prevention approaches used by primary care providers (PCPs)-family practitioners, internists and nurse practitioners-who treat older adults. Results are described overall and by PCP type. We analyzed a sample of 1210 U.S. PCPs who participated in the 2014 DocStyles survey...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526243/an-integrative-tai-chi-program-for-patients-with-breast-cancer-undergoing-cancer-therapy-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-feasibility-study
#17
Lizhou Liu, Simone Petrich, Blair McLaren, Lyndell Kelly, G David Baxter
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer patients experience various side effects during cancer therapy, often resulting in reduced quality of life and poor adherence to treatment. A limited range of proven interventions has been developed to target such side effects. While Tai Chi offers benefits for the health and well-being of breast cancer survivors, the effectiveness of Tai Chi across the treatment continuum has not been evaluated. Improved patient education and support has been suggested as a priority for breast cancer care...
March 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512041/tai-chi-for-older-adults-with-chronic-multisite-pain-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#18
Tongjian You, Elisa F Ogawa, Saurja Thapa, Yurun Cai, Huan Zhang, Satoshi Nagae, Gloria Y Yeh, Peter M Wayne, Ling Shi, Suzanne G Leveille
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is associated with poorer cognition and mobility, and fall risk in older adults. AIMS: To investigate the feasibility of a randomized controlled trial of mind-body exercise (Tai Chi) versus a light physical exercise in older adults with multisite pain. METHODS: Adults aged ≥ 65 years with multisite pain who reported falling in the past year or current use of an assistive device were recruited from Boston area communities...
March 6, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489894/correction-role-of-computed-tomography-angiography-on-the-management-of-overt-obscure-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#19
Chao-Ming Tseng, I-Chang Lin, Chi-Yang Chang, Hsiu-Po Wang, Chih-Cheng Chen, Lein-Ray Mo, Jaw-Town Lin, Chi-Ming Tai
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0172754.].
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474265/global-mental-health-and-schizophrenia
#20
Laura Asher, Abebaw Fekadu, Charlotte Hanlon
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim was to synthesize recent evidence on schizophrenia illness experience and outcomes and models of care in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). RECENT FINDINGS: There is a plurality of explanatory models for psychosis and increasing evidence that context influences experiences of stigma. People with schizophrenia in LMICs are vulnerable to food insecurity, violence and physical health problems, in addition to unmet needs for mental healthcare...
February 22, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
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