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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822063/mind-body-therapies-in-cancer-what-is-the-latest-evidence
#1
REVIEW
Linda E Carlson, Erin Zelinski, Kirsti Toivonen, Michelle Flynn, Maryam Qureshi, Katherine-Ann Piedalue, Rachel Grant
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Many people living with cancer use complementary therapies, and some of the most popular are mind-body therapies (MBTs), including relaxation and imagery, hypnosis, yoga, meditation, tai chi and qigong, and art therapies. The efficacy of these modalities was reviewed by assessing recent findings in the context of cancer care. RECENT FINDINGS: These therapies show efficacy in treating common cancer-related side effects, including nausea and vomiting, pain, fatigue, anxiety, depressive symptoms and improving overall quality of life...
August 18, 2017: Current Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821509/does-tai-chi-improve-psychological-well-being-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease-and-or-cardiovascular-risk-factors-a-systematic-review-protocol
#2
Guoyan Yang, Wenyuan Li, Huijuan Cao, Nerida Klupp, Jianping Liu, Alan Bensoussan, Hosen Kiat, Dennis Chang
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Psychological risk factors such as stress, anxiety and depression are known to play a significant and independent role in the development and progression of CVD and its risk factors. Tai Chi has been reported to be potentially effective for health and well-being. It is of value to assess the effectiveness and safety of Tai Chi on psychological well-being and quality of life in people with CVD and/or cardiovascular risk factors...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818559/-to-boldly-go-where-no-one-has-gone-before
#3
Keith W Kelley
Americans are suffering from a culture of taking pills. Six out of ten Americans utilize at least one prescription drug, and more than one in ten use five or more prescription medicines. Although this torrent of taking pills is already high, drug use in the USA has not yet crested. Prescription drugs have specific targets, but often they adversely affect other tissues and organs. In keeping with the mission of the recently named National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH), Brain, Behavior, and Immunity searches for the underlying cause and potential efficacy of both drug and non-drug interventions...
August 14, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811955/the-effects-of-group-based-versus-individual-based-tai-chi-training-on-nonmotor-symptoms-in-patients-with-mild-to-moderate-parkinson-s-disease-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#4
Jing Hui Yang, Ya Qun Wang, Sai Qing Ye, You Gen Cheng, Yu Chen, Xiao Zhen Feng
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of group-based and individual-based Tai Chi training on nonmotor symptoms in patients with mild to moderate Parkinson's disease. DESIGN: Randomized controlled pilot study. METHODS: 36 community-dwelling patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) were randomly assigned to either group-based training group (n = 19) or individual-based group (n = 17). Both groups received same content of Tai Chi training 3 times a week for 13 weeks...
2017: Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802468/integrative-medicine-for-insomnia
#5
REVIEW
Eric S Zhou, Paula Gardiner, Suzanne M Bertisch
Difficulty initiating and/or maintaining sleep is a common issue. Patients experiencing insomnia symptoms frequently self-treat their symptoms with sleep medications. However, there remains concern regarding the short- and long-term health impacts of sleep medications. This article discusses the evidence supporting integrative approaches to insomnia treatment, including cognitive-behavioral therapy and mind-body therapies (mindfulness meditation, yoga, tai chi), as well as emerging data for use of other less well supported approaches (dietary supplements, acupuncture)...
September 2017: Medical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796502/sky-blue-emitting-iridium-iii-complexes-bearing-nonplanar-tetradentate-chromophore-and-bidentate-ancillary
#6
Yu-Sian Li, Jia-Ling Liao, Ke-Ting Lin, Wen-Yi Hung, Shih-Hung Liu, Gene-Hsiang Lee, Pi-Tai Chou, Yun Chi
Tetradentate chelates bearing tripodal arranged terpyridine and a functional pyrazole unit (i.e., L1-H and L2-H) were employed in preparation of Ir(III) complexes [Ir(L1)Cl2] (1) and [Ir(L2)Cl2] (2); subsequent chloride-to-bipyrazolate substitution gave [Ir(L1)(bipz)] (3) and [Ir(L2)(bipz)] (4). Single-crystal X-ray structural studies on 1 and 3 showed the possession of a tetradentate chelate, whereas the remaining cis-sites are occupied by either dual chlorides or the bipz chelate, respectively. Sky blue organic light-emitting diode with peak efficiencies (10...
August 10, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783470/differences-in-fitness-level-between-women-aged-60-and-over-participating-in-three-different-supervised-exercise-programs-and-a-sedentary-group
#7
Maria Viladrosa, Ana Lavedán, Pilar Jürschik, Sebastià Mas-Alòs, Antoni Planas-Anzano, Olga Masot
The aim of this study was to compare fitness levels in women aged 60 and over participating in a supervised exercise program (involving tai chi, recreational gymnastics, and/or aquatic fitness) with those in a sedentary group. An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study was performed on a total of 171 women aged from 60 to 92 who attended public community clubs for older adults. The instruments used included the Senior Fitness Test, the Tinetti Balance Assessment Tool, the Katz Index, and the Lawton & Brody Activities of Daily Living Scale...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750970/the-effect-of-tai-chi-exercises-on-postural-stability-and-control-in-older-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#8
Elham Ghandali, Saeed Talebian Moghadam, Mohammad Reza Hadian, Gholamreza Olyaei, Shohreh Jalaie, Elaheh Sajjadi
A few studies have examined the effect of Tai Chi on balance in elder patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). The aim of this study was to determine the balance measures in elder patients with knee OA after Tai Chi exercises. For this purpose 14 females and 6 males with knee OA were chosen. Area and mean velocity of the center of pressure movements (CoP) were measured by force plate in standing positions (on foam and rigid surfaces). The measurements of area and mean velocity of CoP were performed before and after 60 min of Tai Chi sessions (twice a week for 8 weeks)...
July 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749970/effectiveness-of-physical-activity-on-patients-with-depression-and-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#9
Pei-Ling Wu, Megan Lee, Tzu-Ting Huang
AIM: In this paper we aimed to systematically review the literature on physical activity's effect on depressive symptoms in Parkinson disease. BACKGROUND: Depression is a common symptom of Parkinson's disease and is associated with increased disability, rapid progression of motor symptoms, mortality, and adverse effects on Quality of Life. DESIGN: A systematic review of primary research was undertaken and conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742289/tai-chi-exercise-for-the-quality-of-life-in-a-perimenopausal-women-organization-a-systematic-review
#10
Ying Wang, Weichao Shan, Qing Li, Na Yang, Weiying Shan
BACKGROUND: Improvement of the quality of life in perimenopausal women has recently become an important global health issue. Extensive research reports provide evidence of Tai Chi for the quality of life, but no systematic review has individually investigated Tai Chi as a main intervention on the quality of life in perimenopausal women. OBJECTIVE: To assess clinical evidence of Tai Chi for the quality of life in perimenopausal women. METHODS: Studies related to the effect of Tai Chi on the quality of life in perimenopausal women in the databases of China and abroad were searched...
August 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736853/tai-chi-for-risk-of-falls-a-meta-analysis
#11
Rafael Lomas-Vega, Esteban Obrero-Gaitán, Francisco J Molina-Ortega, Rafael Del-Pino-Casado
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the effectiveness of tai chi for falls prevention. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. SETTING: Pubmed, Scopus, CINHAL, and Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) were searched to May 26, 2016. PARTICIPANTS: Older adult population and at-risk adults. INTERVENTION: Randomized controlled trials analyzing the effect of tai chi versus other treatments on risk of falls...
July 24, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736535/mind-body-practice-changes-fractional-amplitude-of-low-frequency-fluctuations-in-intrinsic-control-networks
#12
Gao-Xia Wei, Zhu-Qing Gong, Zhi Yang, Xi-Nian Zuo
Cognitive control impairment is a typical symptom largely reported in populations with neurological disorders. Previous studies have provided evidence about the changes in cognitive control induced by mind-body training. However, the neural correlates underlying the effect of extensive mind-body practice on cognitive control remain largely unknown. Using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging, we characterized dynamic fluctuations in large-scale intrinsic connectivity networks associated with mind-body practice, and examined their differences between healthy controls and Tai Chi Chuan (TCC) practitioners...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730900/falls-prevention-interventions-for-older-adults-with-low-vision-a-scoping-review-%C3%A3-tude-de-port%C3%A3-e-sur-les-interventions-visant-%C3%A3-pr%C3%A3-venir-les-chutes-chez-les-a%C3%A3-n%C3%A3-s-ayant-une-basse-vision
#13
Sarah E Blaylock, Laura K Vogtle
BACKGROUND: Older adults with low vision are especially vulnerable to falls. There are no comprehensive reviews of fall prevention interventions for older adults with vision loss who live in the community. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to review the evidence regarding community-based falls prevention interventions that appear inclusive of and/or accessible to individuals with low vision. METHOD: A scoping review was completed using the framework developed by Arksey and O'Malley, and the charted data were analyzed using sums and percentages and qualitative content analysis...
June 2017: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724298/definitions-of-healing-and-healing-interventions-across-different-cultures
#14
Ann H Lichtenstein, Ann Berger, M Jennifer Cheng
For centuries healing has been embedded in non-Western cultures. Traditional cultures believe that healing is derived from the divine and utilize a holistic approach to healing including the body, mind, and spirit. The community and environment are key elements in individual healing along with herbal remedies and ceremonies. Western cultures have accepted some traditional methods of relaxation and exercise, such as yoga and tai chi. In this paper we will examine some similar themes of traditional practices to better understand traditional patients' healing paradigm and find new tools as practitioners of Western medicine...
July 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721435/effect-of-a-combined-tai-chi-resistance-training-and-dietary-intervention-on-cognitive-function-in-obese-older-women
#15
F Xu, M J Delmonico, I E Lofgren, K M Uy, S A Maris, D Quintanilla, A G Taetzsch, J Letendre, L Mahler
Cognitive decline in older adults is a major public health problem and can compromise independence and quality of life. Exercise and diet have been studied independently and have shown to be beneficial for cognitive function, however, a combined Tai Chi, resistance training, and diet intervention and its influence on cognitive function has not been undertaken. The current study used a 12-week non-randomized research design with experiment and control groups to examine the effect of a combined Tai Chi, resistance training, and diet intervention on cognitive function in 25 older obese women...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702506/prenatal-depression-risk-factors-developmental-effects-and-interventions-a-review
#16
Tiffany Field
This narrative review based on a literature search in PubMed and PsycInfo on the two terms prenatal and antenatal depression includes empirical studies, reviews and meta-analyses that have been published during the last 5 years on risk factors, developmental effects and interventions for prenatal depression. Risk factor studies that met criteria feature demographic measures (lower socioeconomic status, less education, non-marital status, non-employment, less social support and health locus of control, unintended pregnancy, partner violence and history of child abuse) and physiological variables (cortisol, amylase, and pro-inflammatory cytokines and intrauterine artery resistance)...
February 2017: Journal of Pregnancy and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695804/effects-of-enhanced-exercise-and-combined-vitamin-d-and-calcium-supplementation-on-muscle-strength-and-fracture-risk-in-postmenopausal-chinese-women
#17
Yu Xue, Yingying Hu, Ou Wang, Chunyan Wang, Guiyan Han, Qiang Shen, Hongyue Deng, Yan Jiang, Mei Li, Weibo Xia, Xiaoping Xing, Ling Xu
Objective To observe the effects of enhanced exercise and combined vitamin D and calcium supplementation on muscular strength and fracture occurrence in postmenopausal women with a high risk of osteoporosis.Methods Totally 614 postmenopausal women at high risk factors of osteoporosis were enrolled in Dongcheng district of Beijing and randomized into four groups:group A(control group,n=173),group B(regular Tai Chi exercise,n=171),group C(calcium 600 mg/d+VitD3 800 U/d,n=139),and group D[calcium 600 mg/d+25 hydroxyl vitamin D(25OHD) 0...
June 20, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694204/the-mind-body-wellness-in-supportive-housing-mi-wish-study-design-and-rationale-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-of-tai-chi-in-senior-housing
#18
Peter M Wayne, Margaret M Gagnon, Eric A Macklin, Thomas G Travison, Bradley Manor, Margie Lachman, Cindy P Thomas, Lewis A Lipsitz
Supporting the health of growing numbers of frail older adults living in subsidized housing requires interventions that can combat frailty, improve residents' functional abilities, and reduce their health care costs. Tai Chi is an increasingly popular multimodal mind-body exercise that incorporates physical, cognitive, social, and meditative components in the same activity and offers a promising intervention for ameliorating many of the conditions that lead to poor health and excessive health care utilization...
September 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670311/what-is-the-molecular-signature-of-mind-body-interventions-a-systematic-review-of-gene-expression-changes-induced-by-meditation-and-related-practices
#19
REVIEW
Ivana Buric, Miguel Farias, Jonathan Jong, Christopher Mee, Inti A Brazil
There is considerable evidence for the effectiveness of mind-body interventions (MBIs) in improving mental and physical health, but the molecular mechanisms of these benefits remain poorly understood. One hypothesis is that MBIs reverse expression of genes involved in inflammatory reactions that are induced by stress. This systematic review was conducted to examine changes in gene expression that occur after MBIs and to explore how these molecular changes are related to health. We searched PubMed throughout September 2016 to look for studies that have used gene expression analysis in MBIs (i...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662192/the-risk-of-intravenous-thrombolysis-induced-intracranial-hemorrhage-in-taiwanese-patients-with-unruptured-intracranial-aneurysm
#20
Wei Ting Chiu, Chien Tai Hong, Nai Fang Chi, Chaur Jong Hu, Han Hwa Hu, Lung Chan
BACKGROUND: The presence of an intracranial aneurysm is contraindicated to recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (r-tPA) treatment for acute ischemic stroke. However, it is difficult to exclude asymptomatic intracranial aneurysms by using conventional, noncontrast head computed tomography (CT), which is the only neuroimaging suggested before r-tPA. Recent case reports and series have shown that administering r-tPA to patients with a pre-existing aneurysm does not increase the bleeding risk...
2017: PloS One
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