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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730900/falls-prevention-interventions-for-older-adults-with-low-vision-a-scoping-review-%C3%A3-tude-de-port%C3%A3-e-sur-les-interventions-visant-%C3%A3-pr%C3%A3-venir-les-chutes-chez-les-a%C3%A3-n%C3%A3-s-ayant-une-basse-vision
#1
Sarah E Blaylock, Laura K Vogtle
BACKGROUND: Older adults with low vision are especially vulnerable to falls. There are no comprehensive reviews of fall prevention interventions for older adults with vision loss who live in the community. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to review the evidence regarding community-based falls prevention interventions that appear inclusive of and/or accessible to individuals with low vision. METHOD: A scoping review was completed using the framework developed by Arksey and O'Malley, and the charted data were analyzed using sums and percentages and qualitative content analysis...
June 2017: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724298/definitions-of-healing-and-healing-interventions-across-different-cultures
#2
Ann H Lichtenstein, Ann Berger, M Jennifer Cheng
For centuries healing has been embedded in non-Western cultures. Traditional cultures believe that healing is derived from the divine and utilize a holistic approach to healing including the body, mind, and spirit. The community and environment are key elements in individual healing along with herbal remedies and ceremonies. Western cultures have accepted some traditional methods of relaxation and exercise, such as yoga and tai chi. In this paper we will examine some similar themes of traditional practices to better understand traditional patients' healing paradigm and find new tools as practitioners of Western medicine...
July 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721435/effect-of-a-combined-tai-chi-resistance-training-and-dietary-intervention-on-cognitive-function-in-obese-older-women
#3
F Xu, M J Delmonico, I E Lofgren, K M Uy, S A Maris, D Quintanilla, A G Taetzsch, J Letendre, L Mahler
Cognitive decline in older adults is a major public health problem and can compromise independence and quality of life. Exercise and diet have been studied independently and have shown to be beneficial for cognitive function, however, a combined Tai Chi, resistance training, and diet intervention and its influence on cognitive function has not been undertaken. The current study used a 12-week non-randomized research design with experiment and control groups to examine the effect of a combined Tai Chi, resistance training, and diet intervention on cognitive function in 25 older obese women...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702506/prenatal-depression-risk-factors-developmental-effects-and-interventions-a-review
#4
Tiffany Field
This narrative review based on a literature search in PubMed and PsycInfo on the two terms prenatal and antenatal depression includes empirical studies, reviews and meta-analyses that have been published during the last 5 years on risk factors, developmental effects and interventions for prenatal depression. Risk factor studies that met criteria feature demographic measures (lower socioeconomic status, less education, non-marital status, non-employment, less social support and health locus of control, unintended pregnancy, partner violence and history of child abuse) and physiological variables (cortisol, amylase, and pro-inflammatory cytokines and intrauterine artery resistance)...
February 2017: Journal of Pregnancy and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695804/effects-of-enhanced-exercise-and-combined-vitamin-d-and-calcium-supplementation-on-muscle-strength-and-fracture-risk-in-postmenopausal-chinese-women
#5
Yu Xue, Yingying Hu, Ou Wang, Chunyan Wang, Guiyan Han, Qiang Shen, Hongyue Deng, Yan Jiang, Mei Li, Weibo Xia, Xiaoping Xing, Ling Xu
Objective To observe the effects of enhanced exercise and combined vitamin D and calcium supplementation on muscular strength and fracture occurrence in postmenopausal women with a high risk of osteoporosis.Methods Totally 614 postmenopausal women at high risk factors of osteoporosis were enrolled in Dongcheng district of Beijing and randomized into four groups:group A(control group,n=173),group B(regular Tai Chi exercise,n=171),group C(calcium 600 mg/d+VitD3 800 U/d,n=139),and group D[calcium 600 mg/d+25 hydroxyl vitamin D(25OHD) 0...
June 20, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694204/the-mind-body-wellness-in-supportive-housing-mi-wish-study-design-and-rationale-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-of-tai-chi-in-senior-housing
#6
Peter M Wayne, Margaret M Gagnon, Eric A Macklin, Thomas G Travison, Bradley Manor, Margie Lachman, Cindy P Thomas, Lewis A Lipsitz
Supporting the health of growing numbers of frail older adults living in subsidized housing requires interventions that can combat frailty, improve residents' functional abilities, and reduce their health care costs. Tai Chi is an increasingly popular multimodal mind-body exercise that incorporates physical, cognitive, social, and meditative components in the same activity and offers a promising intervention for ameliorating many of the conditions that lead to poor health and excessive health care utilization...
July 8, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670311/what-is-the-molecular-signature-of-mind-body-interventions-a-systematic-review-of-gene-expression-changes-induced-by-meditation-and-related-practices
#7
REVIEW
Ivana Buric, Miguel Farias, Jonathan Jong, Christopher Mee, Inti A Brazil
There is considerable evidence for the effectiveness of mind-body interventions (MBIs) in improving mental and physical health, but the molecular mechanisms of these benefits remain poorly understood. One hypothesis is that MBIs reverse expression of genes involved in inflammatory reactions that are induced by stress. This systematic review was conducted to examine changes in gene expression that occur after MBIs and to explore how these molecular changes are related to health. We searched PubMed throughout September 2016 to look for studies that have used gene expression analysis in MBIs (i...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662192/the-risk-of-intravenous-thrombolysis-induced-intracranial-hemorrhage-in-taiwanese-patients-with-unruptured-intracranial-aneurysm
#8
Wei Ting Chiu, Chien Tai Hong, Nai Fang Chi, Chaur Jong Hu, Han Hwa Hu, Lung Chan
BACKGROUND: The presence of an intracranial aneurysm is contraindicated to recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (r-tPA) treatment for acute ischemic stroke. However, it is difficult to exclude asymptomatic intracranial aneurysms by using conventional, noncontrast head computed tomography (CT), which is the only neuroimaging suggested before r-tPA. Recent case reports and series have shown that administering r-tPA to patients with a pre-existing aneurysm does not increase the bleeding risk...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661865/health-benefits-of-tai-chi-what-is-the-evidence
#9
REVIEW
Patricia Huston, Bruce McFarlane
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the evidence on the health benefits of tai chi. SOURCES OF INFORMATION: A literature review was conducted on the benefits of tai chi for 25 specific conditions, as well as for general health and fitness, to update a 2014 review of systematic reviews. Systematic reviews and recent clinical trials were assessed and organized into 5 different groups: evidence of benefit as excellent, good, fair, or preliminary, or evidence of no direct benefit...
November 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659231/exercise-and-gut-microbiota-clinical-implications-for-the-feasibility-of-tai-chi
#10
REVIEW
Hidetaka Hamasaki
Recent studies have shown exercise is associated with changes in the gut microbiota in humans as well as in experimental animals. Tai Chi is an exercise that integrates a martial art, deep breathing and mediation, and has various beneficial effects for health. This review summarizes current knowledge and recent literature on the association between exercise and gut microbiota, and explores the feasibility of Tai Chi for improving gut microbiota composition and function. PubMed/MEDLINE was used to search the English literature for the keywords exercise and gut microbiota...
July 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657825/effectiveness-of-tai-chi-on-cardiac-autonomic-function-and-symptomatology-in-women-with-fibromyalgia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Alexei Wong, Arturo Figueroa, Marcos A Sanchez-Gonzalez, Won-Mok Son, Oksana Chernykh, Song-Young Park
The present study examined the effects of a 12-week Tai Chi (TC) training regimen on heart rate variability (HRV), symptomatology, muscle fitness and body composition in women with fibromyalgia. Participants were randomly assigned to either a TC training group (n=18) or a control group (n=19). HRV, symptomatology, muscle fitness and body composition were measured before and after 12 weeks. There were significant decreases (P<0.05) in sympathovagal balance (LnLF/LnHF), sympathetic tone (LnLF, nLF), pain, fatigue and significant increases (P<0...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647925/psychobehavioral-effects-of-meditation
#12
Mieczyslaw Pokorski, Anna Suchorzynska
Meditation is an increasingly popular psychobehavioral therapy. Various meditation techniques in use make it hard to objectively scrutinize the psychological benefits. Therefore, in this study we set out to examine the effects of two fundamentally different meditative techniques, Zazen, 'seated meditation', in which the body and mind are calmed, and Tai Chi, 'meditation in motion', based on energetic martial art performance. The aim was to compare the effects of both techniques on personality structure, emotional intelligence, mood, and coping with stress...
June 25, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643968/-complementary-medicine-for-low-back-pain-what-is-the-scientific-evidence
#13
Éléonore Aveni, Chantal Berna, Pierre-Yves Rodondi
Complementary medicines are frequently used by chronic pain patients. It is a challenge for the primary care physician to provide objective information based on the scientific literature. Meta-analyses have shown favourable effects of acupuncture, therapeutic massage and osteopathy for patients with acute low back pain. Concerning chronic low back pain, meta-analyses have shown positive results with acupuncture, osteopathy, yoga and tai-chi. Other therapies have shown positive effects, but further trials are necessary to fully validate them...
June 21, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638191/tai-chi-for-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review
#14
Wei Zheng, Qiang Li, Jingxia Lin, Yingqiang Xiang, Tong Guo, Qiong Chen, Dongbin Cai, Yutao Xiang
BACKGROUND: Tai Chi as a form of moderate aerobic exercise originating in China, could promote balance and healing of the mind-body. Furthermore, Tai Chi has been used as an adjunctive treatment for patients with schizophrenia. However, no meta-analysis or systematic review on adjunctive Tai Chi for patients with schizophrenia has yet been reported. AIM: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to examine the efficacy of Tai Chi as an adjunctive treatment for schizophrenia using randomized controlled trial (RCT) data...
August 25, 2016: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632239/feasibility-of-mind-body-movement-programs-for-cancer-survivors
#15
Kristine K Browning, Jennifer Kue, Felisha Lyons, Janine Overcash
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate mind-body movement exercise (MBME) classes (yoga, tai chi, and Qigong) for cancer survivors. 
. DESIGN: A single-group, repeated-measures design.
. SETTING: The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center-Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital in Columbus.
. SAMPLE: 33 adult cancer survivors, with any cancer diagnosis, participating in MBME classes.
. METHODS: The researchers sought to examine feasibility of multiple data collection time points and data collection measures; acceptability; and changes to physical, emotional, and biometric measures over time, as a result of participation in MBME classes...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608523/the-effects-of-twelve-weeks-of-tai-chi-practice-on-anxiety-in-stressed-but-healthy-people-compared-to-exercise-and-wait-list-groups-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Shuai Zheng, Christine Kim, Sara Lal, Peter Meier, David Sibbritt, Chris Zaslawski
OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled trial was undertaken to determine whether 12 weeks of Tai Chi (TC) practice can reduce anxiety in healthy but stressed people. METHOD: Fifty participants were randomized into TC (n=17), exercise (n=17), and wait-list (WL) groups (n=16). Outcome measures used were State Trait Anxiety Inventory, Perceived Stress Scale 14 (PSS14), blood pressure and heart rate variability, visual analogue scale (VAS), and Short Form 36. RESULTS: Significant improvements were observed from baseline for both TC and exercise groups for both state (p <0...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602515/the-impact-of-tai-chi-and-qigong-mind-body-exercises-on-motor-and-non-motor-function-and-quality-of-life-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
R Song, W Grabowska, M Park, K Osypiuk, G P Vergara-Diaz, P Bonato, J M Hausdorff, M Fox, L R Sudarsky, E Macklin, P M Wayne
PURPOSE: To systematically evaluate and quantify the effects of Tai Chi/Qigong (TCQ) on motor (UPDRS III, balance, falls, Timed-Up-and-Go, and 6-Minute Walk) and non-motor (depression and cognition) function, and quality of life (QOL) in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: A systematic search in 7 electronic databases targeted clinical studies evaluating TCQ for individuals with PD published through August 2016. Meta-analysis was used to estimate effect sizes (Hedges's g) and publication bias for randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
May 25, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578978/modality-of-treatment-and-potential-outcome-of-wilson-disease-in-taiwan-a-population-based-longitudinal-study
#18
Chi-San Tai, Jia-Feng Wu, Huey-Ling Chen, Hong-Yuan Hsu, Mei-Hwei Chang, Yen-Hsuan Ni
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the epidemiology, the preference of medication, and the potential outcome of Wilson disease in Taiwan. We aimed to provide better therapeutic options for patients with Wilson disease based on the data generated from this study. METHODS: We utilized the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD), which stores clinical records of nearly 99% of Taiwan's residents. The database used is a random sample of two-million out of 23-million beneficiaries in Taiwan's NHIRD in 2005...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576734/protocol-for-the-match-study-mindfulness-and-tai-chi-for-cancer-health-a-preference-based-multi-site-randomized-comparative-effectiveness-trial-cet-of-mindfulness-based-cancer-recovery-mbcr-vs-tai-chi-qigong-tcq-for-cancer-survivors
#19
Linda E Carlson, Erin L Zelinski, Michael Speca, Lynda G Balneaves, Jennifer M Jones, Daniel Santa Mina, Peter M Wayne, Tavis S Campbell, Janine Giese-Davis, Peter Faris, Jennifer Zwicker, Kamala Patel, Tara L Beattie, Steve Cole, Kirsti Toivonen, Jill Nation, Philip Peng, Bruce Thong, Raimond Wong, Sunita Vohra
PURPOSE: A growing number of cancer survivors suffer high levels of distress, depression and stress, as well as sleep disturbance, pain and fatigue. Two different mind-body interventions helpful for treating these problems are Mindfulness-Based Cancer Recovery (MBCR) and Tai Chi/Qigong (TCQ). However, while both interventions show efficacy compared to usual care, they have never been evaluated in the same study or directly compared. This study will be the first to incorporate innovative design features including patient choice while evaluating two interventions to treat distressed cancer survivors...
May 30, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570792/a-pilot-randomized-controlled-study-of-tai-chi-with-passive-and-active-controls-in-the-treatment-of-depressed-chinese-americans
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Albert S Yeung, Run Feng, Daniel Ju Hyung Kim, Peter M Wayne, Gloria Y Yeh, Lee Baer, Othelia E Lee, John W Denninger, Herbert Benson, Gregory L Fricchione, Jonathan Alpert, Maurizio Fava
OBJECTIVE: This pilot, randomized clinical trial investigates the effectiveness of tai chi as the primary treatment for Chinese Americans with major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: 67 Chinese Americans with DSM-IV MDD and no treatment for depression were recruited between March 2012 and April 2013 and randomized (1:1:1) into a tai chi intervention, an education program, or a waitlisted group for 12 weeks. The primary outcome measure was the 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS₁₇); positive response for this outcome was defined as a decrease in total score of 50% or more, and remission was defined as HDRS₁₇ ≤ 7...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
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