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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643968/-complementary-medicine-for-low-back-pain-what-is-the-scientific-evidence
#1
Éléonore Aveni, Chantal Berna, Pierre-Yves Rodondi
Complementary medicines are frequently used by chronic pain patients. It is a challenge for the primary care physician to provide objective information based on the scientific literature. Meta-analyses have shown favourable effects of acupuncture, therapeutic massage and osteopathy for patients with acute low back pain. Concerning chronic low back pain, meta-analyses have shown positive results with acupuncture, osteopathy, yoga and tai-chi. Other therapies have shown positive effects, but further trials are necessary to fully validate them...
June 21, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638191/tai-chi-for-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review
#2
Wei Zheng, Qiang Li, Jingxia Lin, Yingqiang Xiang, Tong Guo, Qiong Chen, Dongbin Cai, Yutao Xiang
BACKGROUND: Tai Chi as a form of moderate aerobic exercise originating in China, could promote balance and healing of the mind-body. Furthermore, Tai Chi has been used as an adjunctive treatment for patients with schizophrenia. However, no meta-analysis or systematic review on adjunctive Tai Chi for patients with schizophrenia has yet been reported. AIM: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to examine the efficacy of Tai Chi as an adjunctive treatment for schizophrenia using randomized controlled trial (RCT) data...
August 25, 2016: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632239/feasibility-of-mind-body-movement-programs-for-cancer-survivors
#3
Kristine K Browning, Jennifer Kue, Felisha Lyons, Janine Overcash
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate mind-body movement exercise (MBME) classes (yoga, tai chi, and Qigong) for cancer survivors. 
. DESIGN: A single-group, repeated-measures design.
. SETTING: The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center-Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital in Columbus.
. SAMPLE: 33 adult cancer survivors, with any cancer diagnosis, participating in MBME classes.
. METHODS: The researchers sought to examine feasibility of multiple data collection time points and data collection measures; acceptability; and changes to physical, emotional, and biometric measures over time, as a result of participation in MBME classes...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608523/the-effects-of-twelve-weeks-of-tai-chi-practice-on-anxiety-in-stressed-but-healthy-people-compared-to-exercise-and-wait-list-groups-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Shuai Zheng, Christine Kim, Sara Lal, Peter Meier, David Sibbritt, Chris Zaslawski
OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled trial was undertaken to determine whether 12 weeks of Tai Chi (TC) practice can reduce anxiety in healthy but stressed people. METHOD: Fifty participants were randomized into TC (n=17), exercise (n=17), and wait-list (WL) groups (n=16). Outcome measures used were State Trait Anxiety Inventory, Perceived Stress Scale 14 (PSS14), blood pressure and heart rate variability, visual analogue scale (VAS), and Short Form 36. RESULTS: Significant improvements were observed from baseline for both TC and exercise groups for both state (p <0...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602515/the-impact-of-tai-chi-and-qigong-mind-body-exercises-on-motor-and-non-motor-function-and-quality-of-life-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
R Song, W Grabowska, M Park, K Osypiuk, G P Vergara-Diaz, P Bonato, J M Hausdorff, M Fox, L R Sudarsky, E Macklin, P M Wayne
PURPOSE: To systematically evaluate and quantify the effects of Tai Chi/Qigong (TCQ) on motor (UPDRS III, balance, falls, Timed-Up-and-Go, and 6-Minute Walk) and non-motor (depression and cognition) function, and quality of life (QOL) in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: A systematic search in 7 electronic databases targeted clinical studies evaluating TCQ for individuals with PD published through August 2016. Meta-analysis was used to estimate effect sizes (Hedges's g) and publication bias for randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
May 25, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578978/modality-of-treatment-and-potential-outcome-of-wilson-disease-in-taiwan-a-population-based-longitudinal-study
#6
Chi-San Tai, Jia-Feng Wu, Huey-Ling Chen, Hong-Yuan Hsu, Mei-Hwei Chang, Yen-Hsuan Ni
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the epidemiology, the preference of medication, and the potential outcome of Wilson disease in Taiwan. We aimed to provide better therapeutic options for patients with Wilson disease based on the data generated from this study. METHODS: We utilized the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD), which stores clinical records of nearly 99% of Taiwan's residents. The database used is a random sample of two-million out of 23-million beneficiaries in Taiwan's NHIRD in 2005...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576734/protocol-for-the-match-study-mindfulness-and-tai-chi-for-cancer-health-a-preference-based-multi-site-randomized-comparative-effectiveness-trial-cet-of-mindfulness-based-cancer-recovery-mbcr-vs-tai-chi-qigong-tcq-for-cancer-survivors
#7
Linda E Carlson, Erin L Zelinski, Michael Speca, Lynda G Balneaves, Jennifer M Jones, Daniel Santa Mina, Peter M Wayne, Tavis S Campbell, Janine Giese-Davis, Peter Faris, Jennifer Zwicker, Kamala Patel, Tara L Beattie, Steve Cole, Kirsti Toivonen, Jill Nation, Philip Peng, Bruce Thong, Raimond Wong, Sunita Vohra
PURPOSE: A growing number of cancer survivors suffer high levels of distress, depression and stress, as well as sleep disturbance, pain and fatigue. Two different mind-body interventions helpful for treating these problems are Mindfulness-Based Cancer Recovery (MBCR) and Tai Chi/Qigong (TCQ). However, while both interventions show efficacy compared to usual care, they have never been evaluated in the same study or directly compared. This study will be the first to incorporate innovative design features including patient choice while evaluating two interventions to treat distressed cancer survivors...
May 30, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570792/a-pilot-randomized-controlled-study-of-tai-chi-with-passive-and-active-controls-in-the-treatment-of-depressed-chinese-americans
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Albert S Yeung, Run Feng, Daniel Ju Hyung Kim, Peter M Wayne, Gloria Y Yeh, Lee Baer, Othelia E Lee, John W Denninger, Herbert Benson, Gregory L Fricchione, Jonathan Alpert, Maurizio Fava
OBJECTIVE: This pilot, randomized clinical trial investigates the effectiveness of tai chi as the primary treatment for Chinese Americans with major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: 67 Chinese Americans with DSM-IV MDD and no treatment for depression were recruited between March 2012 and April 2013 and randomized (1:1:1) into a tai chi intervention, an education program, or a waitlisted group for 12 weeks. The primary outcome measure was the 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS₁₇); positive response for this outcome was defined as a decrease in total score of 50% or more, and remission was defined as HDRS₁₇ ≤ 7...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532886/the-effects-of-tai-chi-on-physical-function-and-well-being-among-persons-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#9
Klaudia J Ćwiękała-Lewis, Matthew Gallek, Ruth E Taylor-Piliae
Current medical treatments for Parkinson's disease (PD) are mainly palliative, though research indicates Tai Chi exercise improves physical function and well-being. An electronic database search of PubMed, CINAHL, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, PsycINFO and Embase was conducted, to examine current scientific literature for potential benefits of Tai Chi on physical function and well-being among persons with PD. A total of 11 studies met the inclusion criteria: 7 randomized clinical trials and 4 quasi-experimental studies...
April 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529544/complementary-and-alternative-interventions-for-fatigue-management-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#10
Gang-Zhu Xu, Yan-Feng Li, Mao-De Wang, Dong-Yuan Cao
BACKGROUND: We systematically reviewed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of complementary and alternative interventions for fatigue after traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: We searched multiple online sources including ClinicalTrials.gov, the Cochrane Library database, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, the Web of Science, AMED, PsychINFO, Toxline, ProQuest Digital Dissertations, PEDro, PsycBite, and the World Health Organization (WHO) trial registry, in addition to hand searching of grey literature...
May 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506776/mindfulness-is-associated-with-treatment-response-from-non-pharmacological-exercise-interventions-in-knee-osteoarthritis
#11
Augustine C Lee, William F Harvey, Lori Lyn Price, Xingyi Han, Jeffrey B Driban, John B Wong, Mei Chung, Timothy E McAlindon, Chenchen Wang
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between baseline mindfulness and response from exercise interventions in knee osteoarthritis (OA). DESIGN: Cohort Study; Responder analysis of a clinical trial subset SETTING: Urban tertiary care academic hospital PARTICIPANTS: 86 participants with symptomatic, radiographic knee OA (mean age, 60 years; 74% female; 48% white) INTERVENTIONS: 12 weeks (twice per week) of Tai Chi or Physical Therapy exercise MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Treatment response was defined using Osteoarthritis Research Society International criteria indicating meaningful improvements in the Western Ontario and McMaster Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) pain, function, or Patient Global Assessment scores...
May 12, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501804/exercise-and-other-non-pharmaceutical-interventions-for-cancer-related-fatigue-in-patients-during-or-after-cancer-treatment-a-systematic-review-incorporating-an-indirect-comparisons-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Roger Hilfiker, Andre Meichtry, Manuela Eicher, Balfe Lina Nilsson, Ruud H Knols, Martin L Verra, Jan Taeymans
AIM: To assess the relative effects of different types of exercise and other non-pharmaceutical interventions on cancer-related fatigue (CRF) in patients during and after cancer treatment. DESIGN: Systematic review and indirect-comparisons meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: Articles were searched in PubMed, Cochrane CENTRAL and published meta-analyses. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Randomised studies published up to January 2017 evaluating different types of exercise or other non-pharmaceutical interventions to reduce CRF in any cancer type during or after treatment...
May 13, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501708/responsiveness-and-minimally-important-differences-for-four-patient-reported-outcomes-measurement-information-system-promis-short-forms-physical-function-pain-interference-depression-and-anxiety-in-knee-osteoarthritis
#13
Augustine C Lee, Jeffrey B Driban, Lori Lyn Price, William F Harvey, Angie Mae Rodday, Chenchen Wang
Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) instruments can provide valid, interpretable measures of health status among adults with osteoarthritis (OA). However, their ability to detect meaningful change over time is unknown. We evaluated the responsiveness and minimally important differences (MID) for 4 PROMIS Short Forms: Physical Function, Pain Interference, Depression, and Anxiety. We analyzed adults with symptomatic knee OA from our randomized trial comparing Tai Chi and physical therapy...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493227/-complementary-and-alternative-procedures-for-fibromyalgia-syndrome-updated-guidelines-2017-and-overview-of-systematic-review-articles
#14
J Langhorst, P Heldmann, P Henningsen, K Kopke, L Krumbein, H Lucius, A Winkelmann, B Wolf, W Häuser
BACKGROUND: The regular update of the guidelines on fibromyalgia syndrome, AWMF number 145/004, was scheduled for April 2017. METHODS: The guidelines were developed by 13 scientific societies and 2 patient self-help organizations coordinated by the German Pain Society. Working groups (n =8) with a total of 42 members were formed balanced with respect to gender, medical expertise, position in the medical or scientific hierarchy and potential conflicts of interest...
June 2017: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491110/tai-chi-chuan-exercise-improves-pulmonary-function-and-decreases-exhaled-nitric-oxide-level-in-both-asthmatic-and-nonasthmatic-children-and-improves-quality-of-life-in-children-with-asthma
#15
Hsin-Chia Lin, Hao-Pai Lin, Hsin-Hui Yu, Li-Chieh Wang, Jyh-Hong Lee, Yu-Tsan Lin, Yao-Hsu Yang, Pei-Yi Li, Wei-Zen Sun, Bor-Luen Chiang
Tai-Chi-Chuan (TCC) is an exercise of low-to-moderate intensity which is suitable for asthmatic patients. The aim of our study is to investigate improvements of the lung function, airway inflammation, and quality of life of asthmatic children after TCC. Participants included sixty-one elementary school students and they were divided into asthmatic (n = 29) and nonasthmatic (n = 32) groups by the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) questionnaire. Among them, 20 asthmatic and 18 nonasthmatic children volunteered to participate in a 60-minute TCC exercise weekly for 12 weeks...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489508/tai-chi-chih-compared-with-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-insomnia-in-survivors-of-breast-cancer-a-randomized-partially-blinded-noninferiority-trial
#16
Michael R Irwin, Richard Olmstead, Carmen Carrillo, Nina Sadeghi, Perry Nicassio, Patricia A Ganz, Julienne E Bower
Purpose Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) and Tai Chi Chih (TCC), a movement meditation, improve insomnia symptoms. Here, we evaluated whether TCC is noninferior to CBT-I for the treatment of insomnia in survivors of breast cancer. Patients and Methods This was a randomized, partially blinded, noninferiority trial that involved survivors of breast cancer with insomnia who were recruited from the Los Angeles community from April 2008 to July 2012. After a 2-month phase-in period with repeated baseline assessment, participants were randomly assigned to 3 months of CBT-I or TCC and evaluated at months 2, 3 (post-treatment), 6, and 15 (follow-up)...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472039/cytokeratin-18-and-uric-acid-predicts-disease-severity-in-taiwanese-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis-patients
#17
Jee-Fu Huang, Ming-Lun Yeh, Chung-Feng Huang, Ching-I Huang, Pei-Chien Tsai, Chi-Ming Tai, Hua-Ling Yang, Chia-Yen Dai, Meng-Hsuan Hsieh, Shinn-Chern Chen, Ming-Lung Yu, Wan-Long Chuang
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Identification of disease severity remains a challenge in the management of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Cytokeratin-18 (CK18), is a recently developed non-invasive biomarker for NASH. We aimed to assess the performance of CK18 in disease severity prediction among Taiwanese NASH patients. METHODS: A total of 76 biopsy-proven NASH patients (54 males, age = 41.0 ± 13.5 years) were consecutively recruited. The optimal cutoff values of CK18 for each stage of fibrosis were correlated with their histopathological manifestations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468030/higher-dheas-levels-associated-with-long-term-practicing-of-tai-chi
#18
Hung-Min Lai, Mark Shui-Yu Liu, Ting-Ju Lin, Ying-Lan Tsai, Eileen Jea Chien
Tai Chi has many benefits for middle-aged/older individuals including improvements to muscle strength and various body lipid components. DHEAS and testosterone have anti-obesity/anti-aging characteristics and also improve libido, vitality and immunity levels. Thus, the aim of the present study was to investigate the differences between middle-aged Tai Chi practitioners (n = 17) and sedentary individuals (n = 17) in terms of leg strength, blood levels of cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL, as well as DHEAS, testosterone and cortisol...
April 30, 2017: Chinese Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441363/mind-body-therapy-for-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#19
REVIEW
Anne Herbert, Anna Esparham
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is pervasive among the pediatric population and new treatments with minimal adverse effects are necessary to be studied. The purpose of this article is to review current research studying mind-body therapies for treatment of children diagnosed with ADHD. Literature was reviewed pertaining to the effectiveness of movement-based therapies and mindfulness/meditation-based therapies for ADHD. Many positive effects of yoga, Tai Chi, physical activity, and meditation may significantly improve symptoms of ADHD among children...
April 25, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438770/exercise-interventions-for-cognitive-function-in-adults-older-than-50-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Joseph Michael Northey, Nicolas Cherbuin, Kate Louise Pumpa, Disa Jane Smee, Ben Rattray
BACKGROUND: Physical exercise is seen as a promising intervention to prevent or delay cognitive decline in individuals aged 50 years and older, yet the evidence from reviews is not conclusive. OBJECTIVES: To determine if physical exercise is effective in improving cognitive function in this population. DESIGN: Systematic review with multilevel meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases Medline (PubMed), EMBASE (Scopus), PsychINFO and CENTRAL (Cochrane) from inception to November 2016...
April 24, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
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