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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506776/mindfulness-is-associated-with-treatment-response-from-non-pharmacological-exercise-interventions-in-knee-osteoarthritis
#1
Augustine C Lee, William F Harvey, Lori Lyn Price, Xingyi Han, Jeffrey B Driban, John B Wong, Mei Chung, Timothy E McAlindon, Chenchen Wang
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between baseline mindfulness and response from exercise interventions in knee osteoarthritis (OA). DESIGN: Cohort Study; Responder analysis of a clinical trial subset SETTING: Urban tertiary care academic hospital PARTICIPANTS: 86 participants with symptomatic, radiographic knee OA (mean age, 60 years; 74% female; 48% white) INTERVENTIONS: 12 weeks (twice per week) of Tai Chi or Physical Therapy exercise MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Treatment response was defined using Osteoarthritis Research Society International criteria indicating meaningful improvements in the Western Ontario and McMaster Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) pain, function, or Patient Global Assessment scores...
May 12, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501804/exercise-and-other-non-pharmaceutical-interventions-for-cancer-related-fatigue-in-patients-during-or-after-cancer-treatment-a-systematic-review-incorporating-an-indirect-comparisons-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Roger Hilfiker, Andre Meichtry, Manuela Eicher, Balfe Lina Nilsson, Ruud H Knols, Martin L Verra, Jan Taeymans
AIM: To assess the relative effects of different types of exercise and other non-pharmaceutical interventions on cancer-related fatigue (CRF) in patients during and after cancer treatment. DESIGN: Systematic review and indirect-comparisons meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: Articles were searched in PubMed, Cochrane CENTRAL and published meta-analyses. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Randomised studies published up to January 2017 evaluating different types of exercise or other non-pharmaceutical interventions to reduce CRF in any cancer type during or after treatment...
May 13, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501708/responsiveness-and-minimally-important-differences-for-four-patient-reported-outcomes-measurement-information-system-promis-short-forms-physical-function-pain-interference-depression-and-anxiety-in-knee-osteoarthritis
#3
Augustine C Lee, Jeffrey B Driban, Lori Lyn Price, William F Harvey, Angie Mae Rodday, Chenchen Wang
Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) instruments can provide valid, interpretable measures of health status among adults with osteoarthritis (OA). However, their ability to detect meaningful change over time is unknown. We evaluated the responsiveness and minimally important differences (MID) for 4 PROMIS Short Forms: Physical Function, Pain Interference, Depression, and Anxiety. We analyzed adults with symptomatic knee OA from our randomized trial comparing Tai Chi and physical therapy...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493227/-complementary-and-alternative-procedures-for-fibromyalgia-syndrome-updated-guidelines-2017-and-overview-of-systematic-review-articles
#4
J Langhorst, P Heldmann, P Henningsen, K Kopke, L Krumbein, H Lucius, A Winkelmann, B Wolf, W Häuser
BACKGROUND: The regular update of the guidelines on fibromyalgia syndrome, AWMF number 145/004, was scheduled for April 2017. METHODS: The guidelines were developed by 13 scientific societies and 2 patient self-help organizations coordinated by the German Pain Society. Working groups (n =8) with a total of 42 members were formed balanced with respect to gender, medical expertise, position in the medical or scientific hierarchy and potential conflicts of interest...
May 10, 2017: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491110/tai-chi-chuan-exercise-improves-pulmonary-function-and-decreases-exhaled-nitric-oxide-level-in-both-asthmatic-and-nonasthmatic-children-and-improves-quality-of-life-in-children-with-asthma
#5
Hsin-Chia Lin, Hao-Pai Lin, Hsin-Hui Yu, Li-Chieh Wang, Jyh-Hong Lee, Yu-Tsan Lin, Yao-Hsu Yang, Pei-Yi Li, Wei-Zen Sun, Bor-Luen Chiang
Tai-Chi-Chuan (TCC) is an exercise of low-to-moderate intensity which is suitable for asthmatic patients. The aim of our study is to investigate improvements of the lung function, airway inflammation, and quality of life of asthmatic children after TCC. Participants included sixty-one elementary school students and they were divided into asthmatic (n = 29) and nonasthmatic (n = 32) groups by the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) questionnaire. Among them, 20 asthmatic and 18 nonasthmatic children volunteered to participate in a 60-minute TCC exercise weekly for 12 weeks...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489508/tai-chi-chih-compared-with-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-insomnia-in-survivors-of-breast-cancer-a-randomized-partially-blinded-noninferiority-trial
#6
Michael R Irwin, Richard Olmstead, Carmen Carrillo, Nina Sadeghi, Perry Nicassio, Patricia A Ganz, Julienne E Bower
Purpose Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) and Tai Chi Chih (TCC), a movement meditation, improve insomnia symptoms. Here, we evaluated whether TCC is noninferior to CBT-I for the treatment of insomnia in survivors of breast cancer. Patients and Methods This was a randomized, partially blinded, noninferiority trial that involved survivors of breast cancer with insomnia who were recruited from the Los Angeles community from April 2008 to July 2012. After a 2-month phase-in period with repeated baseline assessment, participants were randomly assigned to 3 months of CBT-I or TCC and evaluated at months 2, 3 (post-treatment), 6, and 15 (follow-up)...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472039/cytokeratin-18-and-uric-acid-predicts-disease-severity-in-taiwanese-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis-patients
#7
Jee-Fu Huang, Ming-Lun Yeh, Chung-Feng Huang, Ching-I Huang, Pei-Chien Tsai, Chi-Ming Tai, Hua-Ling Yang, Chia-Yen Dai, Meng-Hsuan Hsieh, Shinn-Chern Chen, Ming-Lung Yu, Wan-Long Chuang
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Identification of disease severity remains a challenge in the management of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Cytokeratin-18 (CK18), is a recently developed non-invasive biomarker for NASH. We aimed to assess the performance of CK18 in disease severity prediction among Taiwanese NASH patients. METHODS: A total of 76 biopsy-proven NASH patients (54 males, age = 41.0 ± 13.5 years) were consecutively recruited. The optimal cutoff values of CK18 for each stage of fibrosis were correlated with their histopathological manifestations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468030/higher-dheas-levels-associated-with-long-term-practicing-of-tai-chi
#8
Hung-Min Lai, Mark Shui-Yu Liu, Ting-Ju Lin, Ying-Lan Tsai, Eileen Jea Chien
Tai Chi has many benefits for middle-aged/older individuals including improvements to muscle strength and various body lipid components. DHEAS and testosterone have anti-obesity/anti-aging characteristics and also improve libido, vitality and immunity levels. Thus, the aim of the present study was to investigate the differences between middle-aged Tai Chi practitioners (n = 17) and sedentary individuals (n = 17) in terms of leg strength, blood levels of cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL, as well as DHEAS, testosterone and cortisol...
April 30, 2017: Chinese Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441363/mind-body-therapy-for-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#9
REVIEW
Anne Herbert, Anna Esparham
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is pervasive among the pediatric population and new treatments with minimal adverse effects are necessary to be studied. The purpose of this article is to review current research studying mind-body therapies for treatment of children diagnosed with ADHD. Literature was reviewed pertaining to the effectiveness of movement-based therapies and mindfulness/meditation-based therapies for ADHD. Many positive effects of yoga, Tai Chi, physical activity, and meditation may significantly improve symptoms of ADHD among children...
April 25, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438770/exercise-interventions-for-cognitive-function-in-adults-older-than-50-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Joseph Michael Northey, Nicolas Cherbuin, Kate Louise Pumpa, Disa Jane Smee, Ben Rattray
BACKGROUND: Physical exercise is seen as a promising intervention to prevent or delay cognitive decline in individuals aged 50 years and older, yet the evidence from reviews is not conclusive. OBJECTIVES: To determine if physical exercise is effective in improving cognitive function in this population. DESIGN: Systematic review with multilevel meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases Medline (PubMed), EMBASE (Scopus), PsychINFO and CENTRAL (Cochrane) from inception to November 2016...
April 24, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436583/physical-activity-and-exercise-for-chronic-pain-in-adults-an-overview-of-cochrane-reviews
#11
REVIEW
Louise J Geneen, R Andrew Moore, Clare Clarke, Denis Martin, Lesley A Colvin, Blair H Smith
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is defined as pain lasting beyond normal tissue healing time, generally taken to be 12 weeks. It contributes to disability, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances, poor quality of life, and healthcare costs. Chronic pain has a weighted mean prevalence in adults of 20%.For many years, the treatment choice for chronic pain included recommendations for rest and inactivity. However, exercise may have specific benefits in reducing the severity of chronic pain, as well as more general benefits associated with improved overall physical and mental health, and physical functioning...
April 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434472/tai-chi-with-mental-imagery-theory-improves-soleus-h-reflex-and-nerve-conduction-velocity-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#12
Abdulrahman Alsubiheen, Jerrold Petrofsky, Noha Daher, Everett Lohman, Edward Balbas, Haneul Lee
OBJECTIVES: Diabetes is a disease that leads to damage to the peripheral nerves which may eventually cause balance instability. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of 8 weeks of Tai Chi (TC) training combined with mental imagery (MI) on soleus H-reflex and nerve conduction velocity (NCV) of the sural and superficial peroneal nerves in people with diabetes. DESIGNS: Quasi-experimental, one group pretest-posttest design. SETTING: Human Research Laboratory...
April 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434462/the-effects-of-tai-chi-on-physical-and-psychosocial-function-among-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Emily Taylor, Ruth E Taylor-Piliae
OBJECTIVES: Conduct a systematic review to evaluate the effects of Tai Chi on physical and psychosocial function among individuals with Multiple Sclerosis. METHODS: An electronic literature search of 12 databases using controlled vocabulary function and keywords from inception through August 2016. All Tai Chi intervention studies assessing physical and psychosocial function among persons with Multiple Sclerosis were included. Study quality was scored using an established tool examining 16 study elements (range=0-32)...
April 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430159/efficacy-of-low-molecular-weight-fucoidan-as-a-supplemental-therapy-in-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-patients-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Hsiang-Lin Tsai, Chi-Jung Tai, Ching-Wen Huang, Fang-Rong Chang, Jaw-Yuan Wang
BACKGROUND: Low-molecular-weight fucoidan (LMF) is widely used as a food supplement for cancer patients. However, all of the studies are in vitro or were conducted using mice. Therefore, powerful clinical evidence for LMF use is relatively weak. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of LMF as a supplemental therapy to chemo-target agents in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, randomized, double-blind, controlled trial to evaluate the efficacy of LMF as a supplemental therapy to chemotarget agents in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC)...
April 21, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427459/subjective-perceived-impact-of-tai-chi-training-on-physical-and-mental-health-among-community-older-adults-at-risk-for-ischemic-stroke-a-qualitative-study
#15
Guohua Zheng, Zhenyu Xiong, Xin Zheng, Junzhe Li, Tingjin Duan, Dalu Qi, Kun Ling, Lidian Chen
BACKGROUND: Evidence from quantitative studies suggest that Tai Chi produces a variety of health-related benefits, but few qualitative studies have investigated how older adults perceive the benefit of Tai Chi. The objective of the current study was to qualitatively evaluate the perceived benefits of Tai Chi practice among community older population. METHODS: This study was conducted with participants from a trial examining the effects of a 12-week Tai Chi training on ischemic stroke risk in community older adults (n = 170)...
April 20, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398129/using-tai-chi-to-reduce-fall-risk-factors-among-older-adults-an-evaluation-of-a-community-based-implementation
#16
Mary P Gallant, Meaghan Tartaglia, Susan Hardman, Kara Burke
This study aimed to evaluate a community-based implementation of an evidence-based fall prevention program, in which 131 individuals participated in Tai Chi: Moving for Better Balance. Self-report and functional performance assessments included demographics, health and fall history, the Activities-Specific Balance Scale, the Timed Up and Go test, and the Functional Reach test. Pre-post scores were compared with the Wilcoxon signed rank test. The mostly female participants were 73 years old, on average. At baseline, 18% reported being afraid or very afraid of falling, and 18% had fallen in the past 6 months...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380067/does-tai-chi-relieve-fatigue-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#17
Yu Xiang, Liming Lu, Xiankun Chen, Zehuai Wen
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is not only a familiar symptom in our daily lives, but also a common ailment that affects all of our bodily systems. Several randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have proven Tai Chi to be beneficial for patients suffering from fatigue, however conclusive evidence is still lacking. A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed on all RCTs reporting the effects of Tai Chi for fatigue. METHODS: In the end of April 2016, seven electronic databases were searched for RCTs involving Tai Chi for fatigue...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367687/effects-of-tai-chi-exercise-on-body-stability-among-the-elderly-during-stair-descent-under-different-levels-of-illumination
#18
Qipeng Song, Xuewen Tian, Del Wong, Cui Zhang, Wei Sun, Peng Cheng, Dewei Mao
The elderly are prone to stair descent falls under low illumination. Tai Chi, a traditional Chinese conditioning exercise, has been proved to improve body stability by altering body condition, gait, and proprioception. This study investigates whether Tai Chi exercise could improve body stability during stair descent under high and low illumination. Three groups of elderly women who practice Tai Chi, brisk walking, and no exercise were included. They descended from a simulated staircase. Tai Chi participants decreased horizontal velocity, centre of mass (COM) sway, and increased foot clearance compared with other participants, these movements could increase body stability; Compared with under high illumination, Tai Chi participants decreased horizontal velocity, loading rate, braking impulse, and increased inclination angle, COM sway, centre of pressure displacement under low illumination...
April 2017: Research in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359614/effectiveness-of-a-balance-focused-exercise-program-for-enhancing-functional-fitness-of-older-adults-at-risk-of-falling-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Yanan Zhao, Pak-Kwong Chung, Tom K Tong
This study examined the effectivenss of a balance-focused training program (i.e., Exercise for Balance Improvement Program, ExBP) in improving functional fitness of older nonfallers at risk of falling. Sixty-one participants were randomly assigned to receive 16 weeks of ExBP or Tai Chi (TC) training, or no treatment (CON) with an 8-week follow-up. The Senior Fitness Test battery was applied to assess functional fitness. After the intervention, results revealed significant improvements in all fitness components in the ExBP group...
March 27, 2017: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342686/taiji-tai-chi-for-fall-prevention-in-the-elderly-training-the-trainers-evaluation-project
#20
Lucy Bartimole, Mary A Fristad
Falls in the elderly are common and a major, costly health problem. Taiji addresses many issues related to fall risk. We determined whether intensive weekend training can sufficiently train persons who have baseline familiarity with Taiji to model and teach fundamentals of Taiji to the elderly. Prior to training, registrants received a manual, video and online links for review and practice. Assessments were completed pre-/post-training. Training occurred in four cities of one state. 34 adults completed training, two did not complete evaluations (ns = 12, 13, 4, and 5 at the four sites)...
February 24, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
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