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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031334/alternative-treatment-modalities-and-its-effect-in-older-populations
#1
REVIEW
Carlos E Rivera-Tavarez
Aging is an inevitable multifactorial process. Advances in health care and technology have led to an increase on expected life span that can reach an average of 90 years in the next few decades. Lifestyle changes that include activity, nutrition, stress management, and alternatives low-impact exercises like yoga and tai chi can help us modify some of these age-related changes and lead to an increase in the health span and quality of life of the older adults.
November 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027544/long-term-effects-of-exercise-and-physical-therapy-in-people-with-parkinson-disease
#2
REVIEW
Margaret K Mak, Irene S Wong-Yu, Xia Shen, Chloe L Chung
Parkinson disease (PD) is a progressive, neurodegenerative movement disorder with symptoms reflecting various impairments and functional limitations, such as postural instability, gait disturbance, immobility and falls. In addition to pharmacological and surgical management of PD, exercise and physical therapy interventions are also being actively researched. This Review provides an overview of the effects of PD on physical activity - including muscle weakness, reduced aerobic capacity, gait impairment, balance disorders and falls...
October 13, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022737/implementation-of-an-integrative-medicine-treatment-program-at-a-veterans-health-administration-residential-mental-health-facility
#3
Melinda A Gaddy
A 4-week interdisciplinary integrative medicine program was recently added to the core treatment offerings for veterans participating in the Mental Health Residential Rehabilitation Program at the Dwight D. Eisenhower Veterans Affairs Medical Center. The new integrative medicine program teaches veterans about using meditative practices, nutrition, creative expression, tai chi, hatha yoga, sensory and breathing techniques, and lifestyle changes to enhance well-being. The groups are run by professionals from a variety of disciplines including recreation therapy, art therapy, occupational therapy, psychology, and nutrition...
October 12, 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021268/tai-chi-is-a-promising-exercise-option-for-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-declining-cardiac-rehabilitation
#4
Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, Peter M Wayne, Shira Dunsiger, Julie Krol, Christopher Breault, Beth C Bock, Wen-Chih Wu, Gloria Y Yeh
BACKGROUND: More than 60% of patients decline participation in cardiac rehabilitation after a myocardial infarction. Options to improve physical activity (PA) and other risk factors in these high-risk individuals are limited. We conducted a phase 2 randomized controlled trial to determine feasibility, safety, acceptability, and estimates of effect of tai chi on PA, fitness, weight, and quality of life. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with coronary heart disease declining cardiac rehabilitation enrollment were randomized to a "LITE" (2 sessions/week for 12 weeks) or to a "PLUS" (3 sessions/week for 12 weeks, then maintenance classes for 12 additional weeks) condition...
October 11, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020106/can-tai-chi-training-impact-fractal-stride-time-dynamics-an-index-of-gait-health-in-older-adults-cross-sectional-and-randomized-trial-studies
#5
Brian J Gow, Jeffrey M Hausdorff, Brad Manor, Lewis A Lipsitz, Eric A Macklin, Paolo Bonato, Vera Novak, Chung-Kang Peng, Andrew C Ahn, Peter M Wayne
PURPOSE: To determine if Tai Chi (TC) has an impact on long-range correlations and fractal-like scaling in gait stride time dynamics, previously shown to be associated with aging, neurodegenerative disease, and fall risk. METHODS: Using Detrended Fluctuation Analysis (DFA), this study evaluated the impact of TC mind-body exercise training on stride time dynamics assessed during 10 minute bouts of overground walking. A hybrid study design investigated long-term effects of TC via a cross-sectional comparison of 27 TC experts (24...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994200/a-nonpharmacological-approach-to-improve-sleep-quality-in-older-adults
#6
Iris Rawtaer, Rathi Mahendran, Hui Yu Chan, Feng Lei, Ee Heok Kua
OBJECTIVES: Poor sleep quality is highly prevalent among older adults and is associated with poor quality of life, cognitive and physical decline, depression, and increased mortality. Medication options commonly used are not ideal, and alternative treatment strategies are needed. We evaluate a community-based psychosocial intervention program and its effect on sleep quality in older adults. METHOD: Elderly participants aged 60 and above were included. Those with Geriatric Depression Scale and Geriatric Anxiety Inventory scores above 5 and 10, respectively, were excluded...
October 10, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988888/small-bowel-tumors-a-digestive-endoscopy-society-of-taiwan-dest-multicenter-enteroscopy-based-epidemiologic-study
#7
Chen-Shuan Chung, Chi-Ming Tai, Tien-Yu Huang, Chen-Wang Chang, Kuan-Chih Chen, Chao-Ming Tseng, Horng-Yuan Wang, Cheng-Hsin Chu, Jiann-Ming Wu, Yun Chen, Hsiu-Po Wang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Small bowel (SB) accounts for the majority of gastrointestinal tract but its tumors are rare and always overlooked. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the epidemiology of SB tumors. METHODS: This multicenter retrospective study utilized endoscopy database from 2006/11 to 2016/07. Baseline demographic characteristics, clinical, radiologic and endoscopic findings were collected. RESULTS: Totally 103 (34 benign, 69 malignant lesions) patients with SB tumors in 1070 enteroscopic examinations were enrolled...
October 5, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984177/effect-of-tai-chi-chuan-on-degeneration-of-lumbar-vertebrae-and-lumbar-discs-in-middle-aged-and-aged-people-a-cross-sectional-study-based-on-magnetic-resonance-images
#8
Chenghu Deng, Wei Xia
Objective Exercise has a positive effect on physical fitness. Tai Chi Chuan is a traditional Chinese aerobic exercise. We assessed the effect of Tai Chi on the degeneration of lumbar vertebrae and lumbar discs with magnetic resonance images. Methods This retrospective cohort study involved 2 groups of participants: 27 Tai Chi practitioners with more than 4 years of experience with regular Tai Chi exercise and 24 sex- and age-matched participants without Tai Chi experience. The lumbar magnetic resonance images of all participants were collected...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981919/mind-body-therapies-in-individuals-with-dementia-an-integrative-review
#9
Joel G Anderson, Carol E Rogers, Ann Bossen, Ingelin Testad, Karen M Rose
Mind-body therapies frequently derive from Eastern philosophies and are becoming increasingly popular. These therapies, such as meditation, yoga, tai chi, qigong, biofield therapies, and guided imagery, have many reported benefits for improving symptoms and physiological measures associated with various chronic diseases. However, clinical research data concerning the effectiveness of these practices in individuals with dementia have not been evaluated using a synthesis approach. Thus, an integrative review was conducted to evaluate studies examining the efficacy of mind-body therapies as supportive care modalities for management of symptoms experienced by individuals with dementia...
October 5, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973961/adapting-tai-chi-for-upper-limb-rehabilitation-post-stroke-a-feasibility-study
#10
Shujuan Pan, Dahlia Kairy, Hélène Corriveau, Michel Tousignant
Background: Tai chi (TC) has been reported as being beneficial for improving balance post stroke, yet its utility in upper limb rehabilitation remains unknown. Methods: Twelve chronic stroke survivors with persistent paresis of an upper limb underwent 60 minutes of adapted TC twice a week for eight weeks, with a 4-week follow up. A 10-min TC home program was recommended for the days without sessions. TC level of performance, attendance to the sessions, duration of self-practice at home, and adapted TC movements used were recorded...
September 30, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959369/effects-of-tai-chi-versus-physical-therapy-on-mindfulness-in-knee-osteoarthritis
#11
Augustine C Lee, William F Harvey, John B Wong, Lori Lyn Price, Xingyi Han, Mei Chung, Jeffrey B Driban, Lucas P K Morgan, Nani L Morgan, Chenchen Wang
Tai Chi mind-body exercise is widely believed to improve mindfulness through incorporating meditative states into physical movements. A growing number of studies indicate that Tai Chi may improve health in knee osteoarthritis (OA), a chronic pain disease and a primary cause of global disability. However, little is known about the contribution of mindfulness to treatment effect of Tai Chi practice. Therefore, our purpose was to investigate the effect of Tai Chi mind-body practice compared to physical therapy (PT) on mindfulness in knee OA...
October 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958582/tai-chi-for-workplace-wellness-pilot-feasibility-study
#12
Beth Steinberg, Lucy Bartimole, Diane Habash, Mary A Fristad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 25, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939458/mind-body-interventions-for-individuals-with-heart-failure-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-trials
#13
REVIEW
Zehra Gok Metin, Deborah Ejem, J Nicholas Dionne-Odom, Yasemin Turkman, Carolina Salvador, Salpy Pamboukian, Marie Bakitas
BACKGROUND: The effects of mind-body interventions (MBIs) (e.g. Tai Chi, yoga, and meditation) for individuals with heart failure (HF) have not been systematically evaluated. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) examining the effects of MBIs in HF. We extracted participant characteristics, MBI procedure, outcomes assessed, and main results of English language RCTs before October 2016. We identified 24 RCTs (n=1314 participants) of nine MBI types: Tai Chi (n=7), yoga (n =4), relaxation (n =4), meditation (n=2), acupuncture (n=2), biofeedback (n=2), stress management (n=1), Pilates (n=1) and reflexology (n=1)...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Cardiac Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934424/the-impact-of-hepatitis-b-vaccine-failure-on-long-term-natural-course-of-chronic-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-in-hepatitis-b-e-antigen-seropositive-children
#14
Chi-San Tai, Jia-Feng Wu, Huey-Ling Chen, Yen-Hsuan Ni, Hong-Yuan Hsu, Mei-Hwei Chang
Background: Vaccine failure with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection still develops in children after universal hepatitis B immunization. This study aimed to investigate the natural course of chronic HBV infection in children with vaccine failure and compare it with that of nonvaccinated children. Methods: Three hundred fifty-six hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-seropositive, hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) carrier children, who were followed for at least 1 year without antiviral therapy, were enrolled...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928775/assessment-of-safety-and-functional-efficacy-of-stem-cell-based-therapeutic-approaches-using-retinal-degenerative-animal-models
#15
REVIEW
Tai-Chi Lin, Magdalene J Seiler, Danhong Zhu, Paulo Falabella, David R Hinton, Dennis O Clegg, Mark S Humayun, Biju B Thomas
Dysfunction and death of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and or photoreceptors can lead to irreversible vision loss. The eye represents an ideal microenvironment for stem cell-based therapy. It is considered an "immune privileged" site, and the number of cells needed for therapy is relatively low for the area of focused vision (macula). Further, surgical placement of stem cell-derived grafts (RPE, retinal progenitors, and photoreceptor precursors) into the vitreous cavity or subretinal space has been well established...
2017: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923815/use-of-complementary-health-approaches-among-diverse-primary-care-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-and-association-with-cardiometabolic-outcomes-from-the-sf-bay-collaborative-research-network-sf-bay-crn
#16
Margaret A Handley, Judy Quan, Maria T Chao, Neda Ratanawongsa, Urmimala Sarkar, Sophia Emmons-Bell, Dean Schillinger
PURPOSE: To describe use of complementary health approaches (CHAs) among patients with type 2 diabetes, and independent associations between CHA use and Hemoglobin A1c (A1C) and lower-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol. METHODS: Participants were enrolled onto the SMARTSteps Program, a diabetes self-management support program conducted between 2009 and 2013 in San Francisco. At the 6-month interview, CHA use in the prior 30 days was estimated using a 12-item validated instrument...
September 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917368/improving-vasomotor-symptoms-psychological-symptoms-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-peri-or-post-menopausal-women-through-yoga-an-umbrella-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
M Shepherd-Banigan, K M Goldstein, R R Coeytaux, J R McDuffie, A P Goode, A S Kosinski, M G Van Noord, D Befus, S Adam, V Masilamani, A Nagi, J W Williams
OBJECTIVES: Vasomotor symptoms (VMS), commonly reported during menopausal transition, negatively affect psychological health and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). While hormone therapy is an effective treatment, its use is limited by concerns about possible harms. Thus, many women with VMS seek nonhormonal, nonpharmacologic treatment options. However, evidence to guide clinical recommendations is inconclusive. This study reviewed the effectiveness of yoga, tai chi and qigong on vasomotor, psychological symptoms, and HRQoL in peri- or post-menopausal women...
October 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915274/prevalence-of-mind-and-body-exercises-mbe-in-relation-to-demographics-self-rated-health-and-purchases-of-prescribed-psychotropic-drugs-and-analgesics
#18
MULTICENTER STUDY
Lina Rådmark, Linda L Magnusson Hanson, Eva Bojner Horwitz, Walter Osika
This study aims to identify any differences regarding gender, age, socioeconomic status (SES), self-rated health, perceived stress and the purchase of prescribed drugs among people who practice mind and body exercises (MBE) extensively compared to people who do not. METHODS: The study includes 3,913 men and 4,803 women aged 20-72 who participated in the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health (SLOSH). The respondents were divided into three groups depending on frequency of MBE practice (never/seldom/often)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877658/long-term-tai-chi-exercise-increases-body-stability-of-the-elderly-during-stair-ascent-under-high-and-low-illumination
#19
Qipeng Song, Jingyi Zhou, Wei Sun, Cui Zhang, Houxin Gu, Dewei Mao
The effects of long-term Tai Chi exercise on body stability of the elderly during stair ascent under high and low illumination were investigated. Forty-five healthy elderly women were divided into three groups, namely, Tai Chi exercise group, brisk walking group and no-exercise control group. All the participants ascended a staircase, during which force platforms and a motion capture system collected the data. Under the high illumination, Tai Chi exercise participants exhibited higher loading rate and anteroposterior centre of pressure (COPap) displacement as well as a lower braking impulse than no-exercise group...
September 7, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869478/tai-chi-chuan-and-baduanjin-increase-grey-matter-volume-in-older-adults-a-brain-imaging-study
#20
Jing Tao, Jiao Liu, Weilin Liu, Jia Huang, Xiehua Xue, Xiangli Chen, Jinsong Wu, Guohua Zheng, Bai Chen, Ming Li, Sharon Sun, Kristen Jorgenson, Courtney Lang, Kun Hu, Shanjia Chen, Lidian Chen, Jian Kong
The aim of this study is to investigate and compare how 12-weeks of Tai Chi Chuan and Baduanjin exercise can modulate brain structure and memory function in older adults. Magnetic resonance imaging and memory function measurements (Wechsler Memory Scale-Chinese revised, WMS-CR) were applied at both the beginning and end of the study. Results showed that both Tai Chi Chuan and Baduanjin could significantly increase grey matter volume (GMV) in the insula, medial temporal lobe, and putamen after 12-weeks of exercise...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
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