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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448289/lessons-from-pathological-analysis-of-recurrent-early-esophageal-squamous-cell-neoplasia-after-complete-endoscopic-radiofrequency-ablation
#1
Wen-Lun Wang, I-Wei Chang, Chien-Chuan Chen, Chi-Yang Chang, Cheng-Hao Tseng, Chi-Ming Tai, Jaw-Town Lin, Hsiu-Po Wang, Ching-Tai Lee
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a treatment option for early esophageal squamous cell neoplasia (ESCN); however, long-term follow-up studies are lacking. The risks of local recurrence and "buried cancer" are also uncertain. METHODS: Patients with flat-type ESCN who were treated with balloon-type ± focal-type RFA were consecutively enrolled. Follow-up endoscopy was performed at 1, 3, and 6 months, and then every 6 months thereafter...
February 15, 2018: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436896/the-impact-of-combined-music-and-tai-chi-on-depressive-symptoms-among-community-dwelling-older-persons-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
S J Liao, M P Tan, M C Chong, Y P Chua
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of pharmacological treatment may be limited in older persons. Several studies using Tai Chi or music therapy separately confirmed positive effects in the reduction of depressive symptoms. We conducted a cluster randomized controlled trial to evaluate the possible synergistic effect of combined music and Tai Chi on depressive symptoms. METHODS: One hundred and seven older adults with mild to moderate depressive symptoms were recruited from Ya'an city...
February 13, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427840/generation-of-patient-specific-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-from-leber-s-hereditary-optic-neuropathy
#3
Huai-En Lu, Yi-Ping Yang, Yan-Ting Chen, You-Ren Wu, Chia-Lin Wang, Fu-Ting Tsai, De-Kuang Hwang, Tai-Chi Lin, Shih-Jen Chen, An-Guor Wang, Patrick C H Hsieh, Shih-Hwa Chiou
Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) is a maternally inherited mitochondrial disease caused by homoplasmic point mutations in complex I subunit genes of mitochondrial DNA. In this report, we generated an induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSCs) line, TVGH-iPSC-010-09, from the peripheral blood mononuclear cells of a female patient with Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) by using the Sendai-virus delivery system. The resulting iPSCs retained the disease-causing mitochondrial DNA mutation, expressed pluripotent markers and could differentiate into the three germ layers...
January 31, 2018: Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414293/physical-activity-and-disability-outcomes-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review-2011-2016
#4
REVIEW
Shannon Charron, Kyla A McKay, Helen Tremlett
BACKGROUND: Physical activity may be neuroprotective in multiple sclerosis (MS). One review (2011) of exercise and MS disability was inconclusive, but highlighted the need for more studies. OBJECTIVE: To perform an updated systematic literature review examining the relationship between physical activity and physical ability outcomes in persons with MS. METHODS: EMBASE and MEDLINE were searched for original interventional studies (2011-2016) evaluating exercise on quantitative outcomes of physical disability in MS...
February 1, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407226/dose-response-effects-of-tai-chi-and-physical-therapy-exercise-interventions-in-symptomatic-knee-osteoarthritis
#5
Augustine C Lee, William F Harvey, Lori Lyn Price, Xingyi Han, Jeffrey B Driban, Maura D Iversen, Sima A Desai, Hans E Knopp, Chenchen Wang
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic exercise is a currently recommended non-pharmacological treatment for knee osteoarthritis (KOA). The optimal treatment dose (frequency or duration) has not been determined. OBJECTIVE: To examine dose-response relationships, minimal effective dose, and baseline factors associated with the timing of response from two exercise interventions in KOA. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a single-blind, randomized trial comparing 12-week Tai Chi and Physical Therapy exercise programs (Trial Registry #NCT01258985)...
January 30, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394884/effects-of-tai-chi-on-cognition-and-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-in-community-dwelling-older-people-with-mild-cognitive-impairment
#6
Mei-Yi Siu, Diana T F Lee
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment places older adults at high risk of functional disability in their daily-life activities, and thus affecting their quality of life. This study aimed to examine the effects of Tai Chi on general cognitive functions and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) in community-dwelling older people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in Hong Kong. METHODS: The study adopted a multi-site nonequivalent control-group pretest-posttest design...
February 2, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391277/pain-and-functional-trajectories-in-symptomatic-knee-osteoarthritis-over-up-to-12-weeks-of-exercise-exposure
#7
Augustine C Lee, William F Harvey, Xingyi Han, Lori Lyn Price, Jeffrey B Driban, Raveendhara R Bannuru, Chenchen Wang
OBJECTIVE: Exercise is the recommended treatment for knee osteoarthritis (OA). However, heterogeneous patterns in treatment response are poorly understood. Our purpose was to identify pain and functional trajectories from exercise interventions in knee OA, and to determine their association with baseline factors. METHODS: Prospective cohort of 171 participants (mean age 61 years; BMI 32kg/m2, 71% female; 57% white) with symptomatic knee OA from a randomized trial comparing 12-week Tai Chi and Physical Therapy...
January 29, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376434/exercise-and-cognitive-function-in-people-living-with-hiv-a-scoping-review
#8
Adria Quigley, Kelly O'Brien, Robin Parker, Marilyn MacKay-Lyons
BACKGROUND: Since the advent of antiretrovirals, people with HIV are living longer and have improved quality of life. However, 30-60% of these individuals experience cognitive impairment. Fortunately, physical activity has emerged as a management strategy for cognitive impairment. PURPOSE: To map the evidence on physical activity and cognition in HIV. METHODS: We searched five databases using terms related to physical activity and HIV. Two authors independently reviewed titles and abstracts for studies that addressed physical activity/exercise and cognition in people with HIV...
January 29, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372339/mind-body-therapies-for-late-life-mental-and-cognitive-health
#9
REVIEW
Kelsey T Laird, Pattharee Paholpak, Michael Roman, Berna Rahi, Helen Lavretsky
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A growing body of research supports the use of mind-body therapies (MBTs) as minimally invasive and effective approaches for the management of late-life mood and cognitive disorders. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent randomized controlled trials and meta-analyses indicate that MBTs are effective for enhancing well-being, mood, sleep, and cognition in older adults. Evidence suggests that mindful movement (e.g., yoga, tai chi, walking meditation) may even outperform conventional physical exercise with regard to effects on quality of life, mood, and cognitive functioning...
January 25, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353543/tai-chi-improves-cognition-and-plasma-bdnf-in-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Somporn Sungkarat, Sirinun Boripuntakul, Sirinart Kumfu, Stephen R Lord, Nipon Chattipakorn
BACKGROUND: Effects of Tai Chi (TC) on specific cognitive function and mechanisms by which TC may improve cognition in older adults with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (a-MCI) remain unknown. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of TC on cognitive functions and plasma biomarkers (brain-derived neurotrophic factor [BDNF], tumor necrosis factor-α [TNF-α], and interleukin-10 [IL-10]) in a-MCI. METHODS: A total of 66 older adults with a-MCI (mean age = 67...
January 1, 2018: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311028/duodenal-invasion-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-following-transarterial-chemoembolization
#11
I-Chang Lin, Chi-Ming Tai, Chao-Ming Tseng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 30, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310815/endoluminal-stenting-for-the-management-of-leak-following-sleeve-gastrectomy-and-loop-duodenojejunal-bypass-with-sleeve-gastrectomy
#12
Ying-Nan Tsai, Hsiu-Po Wang, Chih-Kun Huang, Po-Chin Chang, I-Chang Lin, Chi-Ming Tai
Postoperative leak is a serious complication of bariatric surgery and often results in significant morbidity and mortality. Stent placement is a less invasive alternative to surgery for the treatment of bariatric surgical leak. We evaluated the efficacy and complications of covered self-expandable metal stents (SEMS) in the treatment of post-bariatric surgical leak. We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent stent placement for leak after bariatric surgery. Leak was diagnosed by upper gastrointestinal series or was visualized during the endoscopy...
January 2018: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301544/tai-chi-chuan-in-postsurgical-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Hong Pan, Yingxia Pei, Bingxue Li, Yi Wang, Jie Liu, Hongsheng Lin
BACKGROUND: Impairment of exercise capacity remains a common adverse effect of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) survivors after surgery. Previous research has suggested that Tai Chi Chuan (TCC) offers an exercise capacity benefit in several types of cancers. This is a randomized trial to investigate the efficacy and safety of TCC in postoperative NSCLC patients over an observation period of 3 months and a 9-month follow-up. METHODS/DESIGN: Using a prospective, one center and randomized design, 120 subjects with histologically confirmed stage I-IIIA NSCLC following complete surgical resection will potentially be eligible for this trial...
January 4, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251659/exercise-in-the-management-of-knee-and-hip-osteoarthritis
#14
Elizabeth Wellsandt, Yvonne Golightly
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review focuses on studies published during July 2001 to August 2017 of exercise as an intervention in knee and hip osteoarthritis, including its influence on an array of patient outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies continue to illustrate the efficacy of exercise in treating and managing osteoarthritis, with current literature more focused on the knee compared with the hip joint. Both traditional (e.g. strength, aerobic, flexibility) and more nontraditional (e...
March 2018: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222705/tai-chi-and-qigong-for-cancer-related-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Peter M Wayne, M S Lee, J Novakowski, K Osypiuk, J Ligibel, L E Carlson, R Song
PURPOSE: This study aims to summarize and critically evaluate the effects of Tai Chi and Qigong (TCQ) mind-body exercises on symptoms and quality of life (QOL) in cancer survivors. METHODS: A systematic search in four electronic databases targeted randomized and non-randomized clinical studies evaluating TCQ for fatigue, sleep difficulty, depression, pain, and QOL in cancer patients, published through August 2016. Meta-analysis was used to estimate effect sizes (ES, Hedges' g) and publication bias for randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221441/time-varying-serum-gradient-of-hepatitis-b-surface-antigen-predicts-risk-of-relapses-after-off-na-therapy
#16
Nai-Hsuan Chien, Yen-Tsung Huang, Chun-Ying Wu, Chi-Yang Chang, Ming-Shiang Wu, Jia-Horng Kao, Lein-Ray Mo, Chi-Ming Tai, Chih-Wen Lin, Tzeng-Huey Yang, Jaw-Town Lin, Yao-Chun Hsu
BACKGROUND: The serum gradient of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) varies over time after cessation of nucleos(t)ide analog (NA) treatment in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). The association between the time-varying HBsAg serum gradient and risk of relapse has not been elucidated. METHODS: This multicenter cohort study prospectively enrolled CHB patients who discontinued 3 year-NA treatment. Eligible patients were serologically negative for HBeAg and viral DNA at NA cessation...
December 8, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189365/using-integrative-medicine-in-pain-management-an-evaluation-of-current-evidence
#17
REVIEW
Yuan-Chi Lin, Limeng Wan, Robert N Jamison
Complementary medicine therapies are frequently used to treat pain conditions such as headaches and neck, back, and joint pain. Chronic pain, described as pain lasting longer than 3-6 months, can be a debilitating condition that has a significant socioeconomic impact. Pharmacologic approaches are often used for alleviating chronic pain, but recently there has been a reluctance to prescribe opioids for chronic noncancer pain because of concerns about tolerance, dependence, and addiction. As a result, there has been increased interest in integrative medicine strategies to help manage pain and to reduce reliance on prescription opioids to manage pain...
December 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172896/tai-chi-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-a-pilot-study
#18
Pao-Feng Tsai, Stephanie Kitch, Jason Y Chang, G Andrew James, Patricia Dubbert, J Vincent Roca, Cheralyn H Powers
PURPOSE: Explore the feasibility of a Tai Chi intervention to improve musculoskeletal pain, emotion, cognition, and physical function in individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder. DESIGN: Two-phase, one-arm quasi-experimental design. METHOD: Phase 1: 11 participants completed one Tai Chi session, feasibility questionnaire, and were offered participation in Phase 2, a 12-week Tai Chi intervention. Ten participants participated in Phase 2...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163096/tai-chi-chuan-and-baduanjin-mind-body-training-changes-resting-state-low-frequency-fluctuations-in-the-frontal-lobe-of-older-adults-a-resting-state-fmri-study
#19
Jing Tao, Xiangli Chen, Jiao Liu, Natalia Egorova, Xiehua Xue, Weilin Liu, Guohua Zheng, Ming Li, Jinsong Wu, Kun Hu, Zengjian Wang, Lidian Chen, Jian Kong
Age-related cognitive decline is a significant public health concern. Recently, non-pharmacological methods, such as physical activity and mental training practices, have emerged as promising low-cost methods to slow the progression of age-related memory decline. In this study, we investigated if Tai Chi Chuan (TCC) and Baduanjin modulated the fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (fALFF) in different frequency bands (low-frequency: 0.01-0.08 Hz; slow-5: 0.01-0.027 Hz; slow-4: 0.027-0.073 Hz) and improved memory function...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137055/efficacy-of-tai-chi-and-qigong-for-the-prevention-of-stroke-and-stroke-risk-factors-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#20
Romy Lauche, Wenbo Peng, Caleb Ferguson, Holger Cramer, Jane Frawley, Jon Adams, David Sibbritt
BACKGROUND: This review aims to summarize the evidence of Tai Chi and qigong interventions for the primary prevention of stroke, including the effects on populations with major stroke risk factors. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted on January 16, 2017 using the PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane Library, and CINAHL databases. Randomized controlled trials examining the efficacy of Tai Chi or qigong for stroke prevention and stroke risk factors were included...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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