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Goniometry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174448/effects-of-two-different-mobilization-techniques-on-pain-range-of-motion-and-functional-disability-in-patients-with-adhesive-capsulitis-a-comparative-study
#1
Surabhi Agarwal, Shahid Raza, Jamal Ali Moiz, Shahnawaz Anwer, Ahmad H Alghadir
[Purpose] This study aimed to compare the effects of two different mobilization techniques in the management of patients with adhesive capsulitis. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty non-diabetic men and women with adhesive capsulitis were randomly allocated to the reverse distraction group (n=15) or Kaltenborn group (n=15). The reverse distraction technique and Kaltenborn's caudal and posterior glides (grades III and IV) were applied 10-15 times along with conventional physical therapy for 18 treatment sessions in 6 weeks...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145396/a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-the-immediate-and-long-term-effects-of-arm-slings-on-shoulder-subluxation-in-stroke-patients
#2
Anke VAN Bladel, Gert Lambrecht, Kristine M Oostra, Guy Vanderstraeten, Dirk Cambier
BACKGROUND: Arm slings are often used in clinical practice to support the hemiplegic arm aiming to prevent or treat glenohumeral subluxation. Evidence supporting the corrective effect of slings on subluxation is scarce and long-term studies are lacking. AIM: To determine both the immediate and long-term effect on acromiohumeral distance using the Actimove® sling (BSN medical SA-NV, Leuven, Belgium) and Shoulderlift (V!GO, Belgium) and to determine the effect of slings on pain and passive range of motion of the shoulder in stroke patients with glenohumeral subluxation...
January 30, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131678/digital-data-acquisition-of-shoulder-range-of-motion-and-arm-motion-smoothness-using-kinect-v2
#3
Rizki Fajar Zulkarnain, Ga-Yeong Kim, Arnold Adikrishna, Han Pyo Hong, Yoon Jeong Kim, In-Ho Jeon
BACKGROUND: Range of motion (ROM) is a clinically important parameter in evaluating joint function. However, dynamic evaluation to determine the quality of the arm motion using digitized measurement is often overlooked during clinical assessment. We evaluated the accuracy of Kinect v2 (Microsoft, Redmond, WA, USA) as a digital tool for measuring shoulder ROM objectively and proposed a concept of motion smoothness reflecting the quality of arm motion. METHODS: Ten male participants were included in a 2-stage experiment...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121157/byproduct-free-route-to-aminosiloxane-monolayers-on-silicon-silicon-dioxide
#4
Kiran Khadka, Nicholas C Strandwitz, Gregory S Ferguson
The chemisorption of N-methyl-aza-2,2,4-trimethylsilacyclopentane from either the solution or the vapor phase produces monolayer films on silicon (oxide) substrates. The formation of a covalent siloxane linkage to the surface by this adsorbate is accompanied by ring opening, which produces no byproduct. The resulting secondary amine reacts with maleic anhydride to produce a carboxylic acid-terminated surface, accompanied by the formation of a stable amide bond. These reactions and their products were characterized by a combination of optical ellipsometry, contact-angle goniometry, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy...
February 7, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117304/effects-of-different-sterilization-methods-on-the-physico-chemical-and-bioresponsive-properties-of-plasma-treated-polycaprolactone-films
#5
Rouba Ghobeira, Charlot Philips, Heidi Declercq, Pieter Cools, Nathalie De Geyter, Ria Cornelissen, Rino Morent
For most tissue engineering applications, surface modification and sterilization of polymers are critical aspects determining the implant success. The first part of this study is thus dedicated to modifying polycaprolactone (PCL) surfaces via plasma treatment using a medium pressure dielectric barrier discharge, while the second part focuses on the sterilization of plasma-modified PCL. Chemical and physical surface changes are examined making use of water contact angle goniometry (WCA), x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy...
January 24, 2017: Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087121/upper-extremity-outcome-measures-for-collagen-vi-related-myopathy-and-lama2-related-muscular-dystrophy
#6
Roxanna M Bendixen, Jocelyn Butrum, Mina S Jain, Rebecca Parks, Bonnie Hodsdon, Carmel Nichols, Michelle Hsia, Leslie Nelson, Katherine C Keller, Michelle McGuire, Jeffrey S Elliott, Melody M Linton, Irene C Arveson, Fatou Tounkara, Ruhi Vasavada, Elizabeth Harnett, Monal Punjabi, Sandra Donkervoort, Jahannaz Dastgir, Meganne E Leach, Anne Rutkowski, Melissa Waite, James Collins, Carsten G Bönnemann, Katherine G Meilleur
Congenital muscular dystrophy (CMD) comprises a rare group of genetic muscle diseases that present at birth or early during infancy. Two common subtypes of CMD are collagen VI-related muscular dystrophy (COL6-RD) and laminin alpha 2-related dystrophy (LAMA2-RD). Traditional outcome measures in CMD include gross motor and mobility assessments, yet significant motor declines underscore the need for valid upper extremity motor assessments as a clinical endpoint. This study validated a battery of upper extremity measures in these two CMD subtypes for future clinical trials...
March 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060387/reversible-median-nerve-impairment-after-three-weeks-of-repetitive-work
#7
Sorosh Tabatabaeifar, Susanne Wulff Svendsen, Birger Johnsen, Gert-Åke Hansson, Anders Fuglsang-Frederiksen, Poul Frost
Objectives The aim of this study was to evaluate the development of impaired median nerve function in relation to hand-intensive seasonal work. We hypothesized that at end-season, median nerve conduction would be impaired and then recover within weeks. Methods Using nerve conduction studies (NCS), we examined median nerve conduction before, during, and after engaging in 22 days of mink skinning. For a subgroup, we used goniometry and surface electromyography to characterize occupational mechanical exposures...
January 6, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003133/myofascial-induction-effects-on-neck-shoulder-pain-in-breast-cancer-survivors-randomized-single-blind-placebo-controlled-cross-over-design
#8
Eduardo Castro-Martín, Lucía Ortiz-Comino, Tania Gallart-Aragón, Bernabé Esteban-Moreno, Manuel Arroyo-Morales, Noelia Galiano-Castillo
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the immediate effects of myofascial induction (MI) with placebo electrotherapy as control on perceived pain, cervical/shoulder range of motion (ROM) and mood state in breast cancer survivors (BCSs) with shoulder/arm morbidity. Our secondary objective was to examine the relationships between pain modifications and cervical/shoulder ROM on the side affected by breast cancer. DESIGN: Randomized, single-blind, placebo-controlled cross-over study...
December 18, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988377/fabrication-and-characterisation-of-drug-loaded-electrospun-polymeric-nanofibers-for-controlled-release-in-hernia-repair
#9
Ivan J Hall Barrientos, Eleonora Paladino, Sarah Brozio, Melissa K Passarelli, Susan Moug, Richard A Black, Clive G Wilson, Dimitrios A Lamprou
The chemical distribution and mechanical effects of drug compounds in loaded electrospun scaffolds, a potential material for hernia repair mesh, were characterised and the efficacy of the material was evaluated. Polycaprolactone electrospun fibres were loaded with either the antibacterial agent, irgasan, or the broad-spectrum antibiotic, levofloxacin. The samples were subsequently characterised by rheological studies, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), contact angle goniometry (CAG), in vitro drug release studies, antibacterial studies and time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS)...
December 14, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987681/the-interplay-of-plasma-treatment-and-gold-coating-and-ultra-high-molecular-weight-polyethylene-on-the-cytocompatibility
#10
Zdenka Novotná, Silvie Rimpelová, Petr Juřík, Martin Veselý, Zdenka Kolská, Tomáš Hubáček, Tomáš Ruml, Václav Švorčík
We have investigated the application of Ar plasma for creation of nanostructured ultra high molecular weight polyethylene (PE) surface in order to enhance adhesion of mouse embryonic fibroblasts (L929). The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the interface between plasma-treated and gold-coated PE on adhesion and spreading of cells. The surface properties of pristine samples and its modified counterparts were studied by different experimental techniques (gravimetry, goniometry and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), electrokinetic analysis), which were used for characterization of treated and sputtered layers, polarity and surface chemical structure, respectively...
February 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925240/closed-reduction-and-fluoroscopic-assisted-percutaneous-pinning-of-42-physeal-fractures-in-37-dogs-and-4-cats
#11
Christina L Boekhout-Ta, Stanley E Kim, Alan R Cross, Richard Evans, Antonio Pozzi
OBJECTIVE: To report complications and clinical outcome of dogs and cats that underwent fluoroscopic-assisted percutaneous pinning (FAPP) of physeal fractures. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. ANIMALS: Client-owned dogs (n = 37) and cats (n = 4). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Records (August 2007-August 2014) of physeal fractures treated with FAPP in 3 hospitals were evaluated. Data collected included signalment, fracture characteristics (etiology, location, duration, Salter-Harris classification, preoperative and postoperative displacement), surgical information (implant size, surgical duration), and outcome assessment information (functional outcome, radiographic outcome, and complications)...
January 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887610/integral-strategy-to-supportive-care-in-breast-cancer-survivors-through-occupational-therapy-and-a-m-health-system-design-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Mario Lozano-Lozano, Lydia Martín-Martín, Noelia Galiano-Castillo, Francisco Álvarez-Salvago, Irene Cantarero-Villanueva, Carolina Fernández-Lao, Carmen Sánchez-Salado, Manuel Arroyo-Morales
BACKGROUND: Technological support using e-health mobile applications (m-health) is a promising strategy to improve the adherence to healthy lifestyles in breast cancer survivors (excess in energy intake or low physical activity are determinants of the risk of recurrence, second cancers and cancer mortality). Moreover, cancer rehabilitation programs supervised by health professionals are needed due to the inherent characteristics of these breast cancer patients. Our main objective is to compare the clinical efficacy of a m-health lifestyle intervention system alone versus an integral strategy to improve Quality of Life in breast cancer survivors...
November 25, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881628/normative-reference-values-for-strength-and-flexibility-of-1-000-children-and-adults
#13
Marnee J McKay, Jennifer N Baldwin, Paulo Ferreira, Milena Simic, Natalie Vanicek, Joshua Burns
OBJECTIVE: To establish reference values for isometric strength of 12 muscle groups and flexibility of 13 joint movements in 1,000 children and adults and investigate the influence of demographic and anthropometric factors. METHODS: A standardized reliable protocol of hand-held and fixed dynamometry for isometric strength of ankle, knee, hip, elbow, and shoulder musculature as well as goniometry for flexibility of the ankle, knee, hip, elbow, shoulder, and cervical spine was performed in an observational study investigating 1,000 healthy male and female participants aged 3-101 years...
January 3, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857631/comparison-between-the-effects-of-passive-and-active-soft-tissue-therapies-on-latent-trigger-points-of-upper-trapezius-muscle-in-women-single-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Marzieh Mohammadi Kojidi, Farshad Okhovatian, Abbas Rahimi, Alireza Akbaezade Baghban, Hadi Azimi
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of passive versus active soft tissue therapies on pain and ranges of motion in women with latent myofascial trigger points. METHODS: Forty-two female patients, aged 18 to 64 years, with a history of neck pain and latent myofascial trigger points in the upper trapezius muscle were randomly assigned to 3 groups: group A received passive soft tissue therapy, group B received active soft tissue therapy, and a control group C received a sham procedure...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771027/intra-articular-injection-with-triamcinolone-hexacetonide-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-prospective-assessment-of-goniometry-and-joint-inflammation-parameters
#15
Rita Nely Vilar Furtado, Flávia Soares Machado, Karine Rodrigues da Luz, Marla Francisca Dos Santos, Monique Sayuri Konai, Roberta Vilela Lopes, Jamil Natour
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate local joint variables after intra-articular injection (IAI) with triamcinolone hexacetonide (HT) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. METHODS: We blindly and prospectively (baseline, 1, 4, 12 and 24 weeks) evaluated metacarpophalangeal (MCP), wrist, elbow, shoulder, knee and ankle joints after HT IAI by the following outcome measures: Visual analogue scale 0-10cm (VAS) for rest pain (VASR); VAS for movement pain (VASM); VAS for joint swelling (VASSw); flexion (FlexG) and extension (ExtG)...
August 18, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762614/the-design-development-and-reliability-testing-of-a-new-innovative-device-to-measure-ankle-joint-dorsiflexion
#16
James Charles
BACKGROUND: In clinical and research settings, ankle joint dorsiflexion needs to be reliably measured. Dorsiflexion is often measured by goniometry, but the intrarater and interrater reliability of this technique have been reported to be poor. Many devices to measure dorsiflexion have been developed for clinical and research use. An evaluation of 12 current tools showed that none met all of the desirable criteria. The purpose of this study was to design and develop a device that rates highly in all of the criteria and that can be proved to be highly reliable...
September 2, 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719907/compositional-fingerprint-of-soy-sauces-via-hydrophobic-surface-interaction
#17
Victoria Jakobi, Paul Salmen, Michael Paulus, Metin Tolan, Axel Rosenhahn
In this work, the interaction of soy sauces with hydrophobic surfaces has been analyzed. Hydrophobic self-assembled monolayers on gold or silicon dioxide were used to harvest conditioning layers from soy sauce products with varying amounts of additives. The data was compared to adsorption of soy protein and glutamic acid as common ingredients. Spectral ellipsometry revealed that all tested sauces led to the formation of thin overlayers on hydrophobic surfaces. Products with less additives yielded adlayers in the same thickness range as pure soy protein...
March 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658359/-an-assessment-of-the-management-of-spasticity-in-spain-the-5e-study
#18
R Garreta-Figuera, A Torrequebrada-Gimenez, En Representacion Del Grupo de Estudio 5e En Representacion Del Grupo de Estudio 5e
INTRODUCTION: Although spasticity is a disabling complication of high incidence, there is a lack of either regional or national epidemiological studies in Spain evaluating its management. AIM: To evaluate the management of spasticity in Spain. PATIENTS AND METHODS: An epidemiological, observational, multicenter, and retrospective study involving 49 rehabilitation services of public and private hospitals was designed. RESULTS: Two hundred and thirty-five patients from 49 centers, with evidence of upper (UL) or lower limb (LL) spasticity with one valid baseline visit and at least one follow-up visit, were included...
October 1, 2016: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606559/cutaneous-functional-units-predict-shoulder-range-of-motion-recovery-in-children-receiving-rehabilitation
#19
Ingrid Parry, Soman Sen, Kelly Sattler-Petrocchi, David Greenhalgh, Tina Palmieri
Cutaneous functional units (CFUs) are fields of skin that functionally contribute to range of motion (ROM) at an associated joint. When replaced with scar tissue, the skin is less extensible and may result in loss of movement at the joint. Consideration of the amount of CFU affected by burn injury is increasingly being used to predict the development of burn scar contracture (BSC) in burn survivors. Previous work established that, in adults, burn rehabilitation time per CFU was the greatest predictor of preventing BSC...
August 18, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580112/goniometrie-evaluation-of-standing-extension-and-maximum-flexion-joint-angles-of-llamas-and-alpacas
#20
Amy L Walters, Stacy A Semevolos, Rose E Baker
OBJECTIVE To determine and compare mean standing extension and maximum flexion angles of various joints in healthy adult alpacas and llamas, and determine the reliability of goniometric data within and between 2 observers for each joint of interest. SAMPLE 6 healthy adult llamas and 6 healthy adult alpacas. PROCEDURES The shoulder joint, elbow joint, carpal, and metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joints of the forelimbs and the hip joint, stifle joint, tarsal, and metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joints of the hind limbs were investigated...
September 2016: American Journal of Veterinary Research
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