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Goniometry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887610/integral-strategy-to-supportive-care-in-breast-cancer-survivors-through-occupational-therapy-and-a-m-health-system-design-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Mario Lozano-Lozano, Lydia Martín-Martín, Noelia Galiano-Castillo, Francisco Álvarez-Salvago, Irene Cantarero-Villanueva, Carolina Fernández-Lao, Carmen Sánchez-Salado, Manuel Arroyo-Morales
BACKGROUND: Technological support using e-health mobile applications (m-health) is a promising strategy to improve the adherence to healthy lifestyles in breast cancer survivors (excess in energy intake or low physical activity are determinants of the risk of recurrence, second cancers and cancer mortality). Moreover, cancer rehabilitation programs supervised by health professionals are needed due to the inherent characteristics of these breast cancer patients. Our main objective is to compare the clinical efficacy of a m-health lifestyle intervention system alone versus an integral strategy to improve Quality of Life in breast cancer survivors...
November 25, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881628/normative-reference-values-for-strength-and-flexibility-of-1-000-children-and-adults
#2
Marnee J McKay, Jennifer N Baldwin, Paulo Ferreira, Milena Simic, Natalie Vanicek, Joshua Burns
OBJECTIVE: To establish reference values for isometric strength of 12 muscle groups and flexibility of 13 joint movements in 1,000 children and adults and investigate the influence of demographic and anthropometric factors. METHODS: A standardized reliable protocol of hand-held and fixed dynamometry for isometric strength of ankle, knee, hip, elbow, and shoulder musculature as well as goniometry for flexibility of the ankle, knee, hip, elbow, shoulder, and cervical spine was performed in an observational study investigating 1,000 healthy male and female participants aged 3-101 years...
November 23, 2016: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857631/comparison-between-the-effects-of-passive-and-active-soft-tissue-therapies-on-latent-trigger-points-of-upper-trapezius-muscle-in-women-single-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
Marzieh Mohammadi Kojidi, Farshad Okhovatian, Abbas Rahimi, Alireza Akbaezade Baghban, Hadi Azimi
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of passive versus active soft tissue therapies on pain and ranges of motion in women with latent myofascial trigger points. METHODS: Forty-two female patients, aged 18 to 64 years, with a history of neck pain and latent myofascial trigger points in the upper trapezius muscle were randomly assigned to 3 groups: group A received passive soft tissue therapy, group B received active soft tissue therapy, and a control group C received a sham procedure...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771027/intra-articular-injection-with-triamcinolone-hexacetonide-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-prospective-assessment-of-goniometry-and-joint-inflammation-parameters
#4
Rita Nely Vilar Furtado, Flávia Soares Machado, Karine Rodrigues da Luz, Marla Francisca Dos Santos, Monique Sayuri Konai, Roberta Vilela Lopes, Jamil Natour
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate local joint variables after intra-articular injection (IAI) with triamcinolone hexacetonide (HT) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. METHODS: We blindly and prospectively (baseline, 1, 4, 12 and 24 weeks) evaluated metacarpophalangeal (MCP), wrist, elbow, shoulder, knee and ankle joints after HT IAI by the following outcome measures: Visual analogue scale 0-10cm (VAS) for rest pain (VASR); VAS for movement pain (VASM); VAS for joint swelling (VASSw); flexion (FlexG) and extension (ExtG)...
August 18, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762614/the-design-development-and-reliability-testing-of-a-new-innovative-device-to-measure-ankle-joint-dorsiflexion
#5
James Charles
BACKGROUND: In clinical and research settings, ankle joint dorsiflexion needs to be reliably measured. Dorsiflexion is often measured by goniometry, but the intrarater and interrater reliability of this technique have been reported to be poor. Many devices to measure dorsiflexion have been developed for clinical and research use. An evaluation of 12 current tools showed that none met all of the desirable criteria. The purpose of this study was to design and develop a device that rates highly in all of the criteria and that can be proved to be highly reliable...
September 2, 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719907/compositional-fingerprint-of-soy-sauces-via-hydrophobic-surface-interaction
#6
Victoria Jakobi, Paul Salmen, Michael Paulus, Metin Tolan, Axel Rosenhahn
In this work, the interaction of soy sauces with hydrophobic surfaces has been analyzed. Hydrophobic self-assembled monolayers on gold or silicon dioxide were used to harvest conditioning layers from soy sauce products with varying amounts of additives. The data was compared to adsorption of soy protein and glutamic acid as common ingredients. Spectral ellipsometry revealed that all tested sauces led to the formation of thin overlayers on hydrophobic surfaces. Products with less additives yielded adlayers in the same thickness range as pure soy protein...
March 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658359/-an-assessment-of-the-management-of-spasticity-in-spain-the-5e-study
#7
R Garreta-Figuera, A Torrequebrada-Gimenez, En Representacion Del Grupo de Estudio 5e En Representacion Del Grupo de Estudio 5e
INTRODUCTION: Although spasticity is a disabling complication of high incidence, there is a lack of either regional or national epidemiological studies in Spain evaluating its management. AIM: To evaluate the management of spasticity in Spain. PATIENTS AND METHODS: An epidemiological, observational, multicenter, and retrospective study involving 49 rehabilitation services of public and private hospitals was designed. RESULTS: Two hundred and thirty-five patients from 49 centers, with evidence of upper (UL) or lower limb (LL) spasticity with one valid baseline visit and at least one follow-up visit, were included...
October 1, 2016: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606559/cutaneous-functional-units-predict-shoulder-range-of-motion-recovery-in-children-receiving-rehabilitation
#8
Ingrid Parry, Soman Sen, Kelly Sattler-Petrocchi, David Greenhalgh, Tina Palmieri
Cutaneous functional units (CFUs) are fields of skin that functionally contribute to range of motion (ROM) at an associated joint. When replaced with scar tissue, the skin is less extensible and may result in loss of movement at the joint. Consideration of the amount of CFU affected by burn injury is increasingly being used to predict the development of burn scar contracture (BSC) in burn survivors. Previous work established that, in adults, burn rehabilitation time per CFU was the greatest predictor of preventing BSC...
August 18, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580112/goniometrie-evaluation-of-standing-extension-and-maximum-flexion-joint-angles-of-llamas-and-alpacas
#9
Amy L Walters, Stacy A Semevolos, Rose E Baker
OBJECTIVE To determine and compare mean standing extension and maximum flexion angles of various joints in healthy adult alpacas and llamas, and determine the reliability of goniometric data within and between 2 observers for each joint of interest. SAMPLE 6 healthy adult llamas and 6 healthy adult alpacas. PROCEDURES The shoulder joint, elbow joint, carpal, and metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joints of the forelimbs and the hip joint, stifle joint, tarsal, and metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joints of the hind limbs were investigated...
September 2016: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580105/effects-of-administration-of-adipose-derived-stromal-vascular-fraction-and-platelet-rich-plasma-to-dogs-with-osteoarthritis-of-the-hip-joints
#10
David A Upchurch, Walter C Renberg, James K Roush, George A Milliken, Mark L Weiss
OBJECTIVE To evaluate effects of simultaneous intra-articular and IV injection of autologous adipose-derived stromal vascular fraction (SVF) and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) to dogs with osteoarthritis of the hip joints. ANIMALS 22 client-owned dogs (12 placebo-treated [control] dogs and 10 treated dogs). PROCEDURES Dogs with osteoarthritis of the hip joints that caused signs of lameness or discomfort were characterized on the basis of results of orthopedic examination, goniometry, lameness score, the Canine Brief Pain Inventory (CBPI), a visual analogue scale, and results obtained by use of a pressure-sensing walkway at week 0 (baseline)...
September 2016: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570228/changes-in-wrist-motion-after-simulated-scapholunate-arthrodesis-a-cadaveric-study
#11
Kevin D Han, Jaehon M Kim, Michael V DeFazio, Ricardo J Bello, Ryan D Katz, Brent G Parks, Kenneth R Means
PURPOSE: A high incidence of nonunion and relatively poor outcomes with prior fixation techniques has precluded scapholunate (SL) arthrodesis as a standard treatment for SL instability. Our purpose was to determine the impact on range of motion (ROM) of simulated SL arthrodesis via headless screw fixation. METHODS: We performed baseline wrist ROM for 10 cadaveric wrists using a standardized mounting-and-weights system. Extension, flexion, radial deviation, ulnar deviation, dart-thrower's extension, and dart-thrower's flexion were assessed...
September 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568830/cold-plasma-reticulation-of-shape-memory-embolic-tissue-scaffolds
#12
Landon D Nash, Nicole C Docherty, Mary Beth B Monroe, Kendal P Ezell, James K Carrow, Sayyeda M Hasan, Akhilesh K Gaharwar, Duncan J Maitland
Polyurethane shape memory polymer (SMP) foams are proposed for use as thrombogenic scaffolds to improve the treatment of vascular defects, such as cerebral aneurysms. However, gas blown SMP foams inherently have membranes between pores, which can limit their performance as embolic tissue scaffolds. Reticulation, or the removal of membranes between adjacent foam pores, is advantageous for improving device performance by increasing blood permeability and cellular infiltration. This work characterizes the effects of cold gas plasma reticulation processes on bulk polyurethane SMP films and foams...
August 29, 2016: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551938/absence-of-bilateral-differences-in-child-baseball-players-with-throwing-related-pain
#13
M Mickevičius, S Rutkauskas, S Sipavičienė, A Skurvydas, J Jürimäe, H Degens, S Kamandulis
The aim of this study was to assess whether side-to-side differences in morphology and function of the upper limbs in 11-12 year-old male baseball players with throwing-related pain (n=14) were more pronounced than that of age-matched healthy untrained subjects (n=16). Baseball players 1) had played baseball≥4.5 h·wk(-1) for ≥ 4 years and (2) suffered from moderate-intensity (3-6 points on 10-point questionnaire scale) throwing-related pain in the shoulder or elbow in at least 2 training sessions within the past month...
November 2016: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543691/graft-polymerization-of-styryl-bisphosphonate-monomer-onto-polypropylene-films-for-inhibition-of-biofilm-formation
#14
Hanna P Steinmetz, Safra Rudnick-Glick, Michal Natan, Ehud Banin, Shlomo Margel
There has been increased concern during the past few decades over the role bacterial biofilms play in causing a variety of health problems, especially since they exhibit a high degree of resistance to antibiotics and are able to survive in hostile environments. Biofilms consist of bacterial aggregates enveloped by a self-produced matrix attached to the surface. Ca(2+) ions promote the formation of biofilms, and enhance their stability, viscosity, and strength. Bisphosphonates exhibit a high affinity for Ca(2+) ions, and may inhibit the formation of biofilms by acting as sequestering agents for Ca(2+) ions...
November 1, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525982/functional-outcome-measures-in-a-surgical-model-of-hip-osteoarthritis-in-dogs
#15
Dianne Little, Stephen Johnson, Jonathan Hash, Steven A Olson, Bradley T Estes, Franklin T Moutos, B Duncan X Lascelles, Farshid Guilak
BACKGROUND: The hip is one of the most common sites of osteoarthritis in the body, second only to the knee in prevalence. However, current animal models of hip osteoarthritis have not been assessed using many of the functional outcome measures used in orthopaedics, a characteristic that could increase their utility in the evaluation of therapeutic interventions. The canine hip shares similarities with the human hip, and functional outcome measures are well documented in veterinary medicine, providing a baseline for pre-clinical evaluation of therapeutic strategies for the treatment of hip osteoarthritis...
December 2016: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525344/polyaniline-coated-carbon-nanotube-ultrafiltration-membranes-enhanced-anodic-stability-for-in-situ-cleaning-and-electro-oxidation-processes
#16
Wenyan Duan, Avner Ronen, Sharon Walker, David Jassby
Electrically conducting membranes (ECMs) have been reported to be efficient in fouling prevention and destruction of aqueous chemical compounds. In the current study, highly conductive and anodically stable composite polyaniline-carbon nanotube (PANI-CNT) ultrafiltration (UF) ECMs were fabricated through a process of electropolymerization of aniline on a CNT substrate under acidic conditions. The resulting PANI-CNT UF ECMs were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, a four-point conductivity probe, cyclic voltammetry, and contact angle goniometry...
August 31, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27493917/combined-effect-of-botulinum-toxin-and-splinting-on-motor-components-and-function-of-people-suffering-a-stroke
#17
Malek Amini, Aryan Shamili, Bijan Frough, Marzieh Pashmdarfard, AbolGhasem Fallahzadeh Abarghouei
BACKGROUND: Spasticity is one of the problems after a stroke. Due to this increase in muscle tone, patients are confronted with problems in motor control and difficulties in activities of daily living and complications such as shortness and contracture. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of the simultaneous use of both splint and botulinum toxin-A (BTX-A) injection on spasticity, range of motion and upper extremity function in a 3-month period. METHODS: In this study a comparison was done between three groups of interventions, conducted in rehabilitation clinics in Tehran...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27482760/semifluorinated-alkylphosphonic-acids-form-high-quality-self-assembled-monolayers-on-ag-coated-yttrium-barium-copper-oxide-tapes-and-enable-filamentization-of-the-tapes-by-microcontact-printing
#18
Chul Soon Park, Han Ju Lee, Dahye Lee, Andrew C Jamison, Eduard Galstyan, Wanda Zagozdzon-Wosik, Herbert C Freyhardt, Allan J Jacobson, T Randall Lee
A custom-designed semifluorinated phosphonic acid, (9,9,10,10,11,11,12,12,13,13,14,14,15,15,16,16,16-heptadecafluorohexadecyl)phosphonic acid (F8H8PA), and a normal hexadecylphosphonic acid (H16PA) were synthesized and used to generate self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) on commercially available yttrium barium copper oxide (YBCO) tapes. In this study, we wished to evaluate the effectiveness of these monolayer films as coatings for selectively etching YBCO. Initial films formed by solution deposition and manual stamping using a non-patterned polydimethylsiloxane stamp allowed for a comparison of the film-formation characteristics...
August 30, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27444705/influence-of-the-side-chain-and-substrate-on-polythiophene-thin-film-surface-bulk-and-buried-interfacial-structures
#19
Minyu Xiao, Joshua Jasensky, Xiaoxian Zhang, Yaoxin Li, Cayla Pichan, Xiaolin Lu, Zhan Chen
The molecular structures of organic semiconducting thin films mediate the performance of various devices composed of such materials. To fully understand how the structures of organic semiconductors alter on substrates due to different polymer side chains and different interfacial interactions, thin films of two kinds of polythiophene derivatives with different side-chains, poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and poly(3-potassium-6-hexanoate thiophene) (P3KHT), were deposited and compared on various surfaces. A combination of analytical tools was applied in this research: contact angle goniometry and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) were used to characterize substrate dielectric surfaces with varied hydrophobicity for polymer film deposition; X-ray diffraction and UV-vis spectroscopy were used to examine the polythiophene film bulk structure; sum frequency generation (SFG) vibrational spectroscopy was utilized to probe the molecular structures of polymer film surfaces in air and buried solid/solid interfaces...
August 10, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27440395/plasma-modified-nitric-oxide-releasing-polymer-films-exhibit-time-delayed-8-log-reduction-in-growth-of-bacteria
#20
Michelle N Mann, Bella H Neufeld, Morgan J Hawker, Adoracion Pegalajar-Jurado, Lindsey N Paricio, Melissa M Reynolds, Ellen R Fisher
Tygon(®) and other poly(vinyl chloride)-derived polymers are frequently used for tubing in blood transfusions, hemodialysis, and other extracorporeal circuit applications. These materials, however, tend to promote bacterial proliferation which contributes to the high risk of infection associated with device use. Antibacterial agents, such as nitric oxide donors, can be incorporated into these materials to eliminate bacteria before they can proliferate. The release of the antimicrobial agent from the device, however, is challenging to control and sustain on timescales relevant to blood transport procedures...
2016: Biointerphases
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