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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678037/semi-automatically-measuring-shoulders-range-of-motion-objective-measurements-with-good-reliability-and-accuracy
#1
Birgit Saalfeld, Ilonka Pingel, Klaus-Hendrik Wolf
The shoulder's range of motion (ROM) is an important measurement for the diagnostic process and course of treatment for patients with shoulder disorders or injuries. Visual estimation to assess a shoulder's ROM is a fast measuring method, and therefore routinely used in clinical practice. Studies already proved this method as very subjective and unreliable. Misestimating the severity of a patient's disability can lead to improper treatment and should be avoided. Modern technology may help measuring the ROM more reliable, objective, non-invasive and still fast...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657748/a-study-of-laser-surface-treatment-in-bonded-repair-of-composite-aircraft-structures
#2
Shaolong Li, Ting Sun, Chang Liu, Wenfeng Yang, Qingru Tang
Surface pre-treatment is one of the key processes in bonded repair of aircraft carbon fibre reinforced polymer composites. This paper investigates the surface modification of physical and chemical properties by laser ablation and conventional polish treatment techniques. Surface morphology analysed by laser scanning confocal microscopy and scanning electron microscopy showed that a laser-treated surface displayed higher roughness than that of a polish-treated specimen. The laser-treated laminate exhibited more functional groups in the form of O 1 s/C 1 s atomic ratio of 30...
March 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651594/prospective-study-of-shoulder-strength-shoulder-range-of-motion-and-lymphedema-in-breast-cancer-patients-from-pre-surgery-to-5-years-after-alnd-or-slnb
#3
Roser Belmonte, Monique Messaggi-Sartor, Montse Ferrer, Angels Pont, Ferran Escalada
OBJECTIVE: Determine the changes in shoulder strength, shoulder range of motion, and arm volume in breast cancer patients treated with sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) or axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) METHOD: Sixty-eight SLNB and 44 ALND patients were followed up from pre-surgery to 5 years after surgery. Primary outcomes were the differences between affected and non-affected sides for the following: shoulder strength measured by dynamometry, shoulder range of motion measured by goniometry, and lymphedema measured by volume...
April 12, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649635/co-delivery-of-docetaxel-and-gemcitabine-by-anacardic-acid-modified-self-assembled-albumin-nanoparticles-for-effective-breast-cancer-management
#4
Varun Kushwah, Sameer S Katiyar, Chander Parkash Dora, Ashish Kumar Agrawal, Dimitrios A Lamprou, Ramesh C Gupta, Sanyog Jain
In the present study, we have modified bovine serum albumin (BSA) by covalently conjugating with anacardic acid (AA) and gemcitabine (GEM) and further used for development of docetaxel (DTX) loaded nanoparticles (AA-GEM-BSA NPs). AA is supposed to provide tumor targeting through VEGF receptors overexpressed in tumors, while the combination of GEM and DTX is supposed to provide synergistic activity by targeting multiple pathways. The conjugate was synthesized via carbodiimide chemistry and characterized by 1 H NMR, FTIR, MALDI-TOF and elemental analysis...
April 9, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587687/above-versus-below-elbow-casting-for-conservative-treatment-of-distal-radius-fractures-a-randomized-controlled-trial-and-study-protocol
#5
Aldo Okamura, Gabriel Maciel de Mendonça, Jorge Raduan Neto, Vinicius Ynoe de Moraes, Flavio Faloppa, João Carlos Belloti
BACKGROUND: A variety of cast options are available for the non-surgical treatment of distal radius fractures (DRF) in adults. However, the literature is inconclusive regarding the need to immobilize the elbow joint after reduction in order to prevent rotation of the forearm in order to maintain the reduction of DRF. This study aimed to evaluate the best method of immobilization between above-elbow (AE) and below-elbow (BE) cast groups at the end of six-month follow-up. METHODS: This is a randomized clinical trial with parallel groups and a blinded evaluator...
March 27, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581674/novel-method-for-evaluation-of-hindfoot-alignment-in-weight-bearing-position-using-laser-beam
#6
Tadasuke Ohnishi, Mitsumasa Hida, Yukio Nakamura, Chikamune Wada
[Purpose] It is clinically important to accurately evaluate the alignment of hindfoot alignment from the body surface in weight-bearing position. In general, measurement is carried out using a goniometer, but the measurement with goniometer requires experience, and the reliability in this measurement is also in question. Therefore, it is necessary to establish a clinical measurement method to replace the goniometer. As a solution, we devised a hindfoot alignment measurement method with laser beam (HAML), which measures hindfoot alignment along the body surface using a laser beam...
March 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518894/surface-treatment-of-peot-pbt-55-45-with-a-dielectric-barrier-discharge-in-air-helium-argon-and-nitrogen-at-medium-pressure
#7
Pieter Cools, Mahtab Asadian, Wannes Nicolaus, Heidi Declercq, Rino Morent, Nathalie De Geyter
This work describes the surface modification of 300PEO-PEOT/PBT 55/45 thin films using a medium pressure dielectric barrier discharge system operated in argon, helium, nitrogen or dry air to improve cell-surface interactions of this established biomaterial. The first part of the paper describes the optimization of the plasma processing parameters using water contact angle goniometry. The optimized samples are then characterized for changes in surface topography and surface chemical composition using atomic force microscopy (AFM) and X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (XPS) respectively...
March 7, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484238/the-reliability-of-a-novel-heel-rise-test-versus-goniometry-to-assess-plantarflexion-range-of-motion
#8
Brandon M Ness, Ramu G Sudhagoni, Hanz Tao, Olivia R Full, Lucas O Seehafer, Chelsie M Walder, Kory Zimney
Background: Ankle plantarflexion (PF) active range of motion (ROM) is traditionally assessed in a non-weight-bearing (NWB) position with a universal goniometer. However, a convenient, reliable, low-cost means of assessing functional PF active ROM in a weight-bearing (WB) position has yet to be established. Purpose: To compare the intra- and interrater reliability of PF active ROM measurements obtained from a goniometric NWB assessment, and a functional heel-rise test (FHRT) performed in WB...
February 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436374/kinesio-taping-associated-with-acupuncture-in-the-treatment-of-the-paretic-upper-limb-after-stroke
#9
Moisés Schabarum Dall'Agnol, Fernanda Cechetti
Consider the leading cause of disability in adults, stroke leads to different consequences, like hemiparesis and loss of function in the upper limb which can impair the performance of activities during daily life. Different techniques have been used to soften this process, like Acupuncture and Kinesio Taping (KT). However, there is no consensus on their concomitant effect on neurological patients. This study aimed to analyze the effects of acupuncture associated with KT on the upper limb of patients with chronic hemiparesis after stroke...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417082/comparison-of-subacromial-ketorolac-injection-versus-corticosteroid-injection-in-the-treatment-of-shoulder-impingement-syndrome
#10
Parisa Taheri, Farnaz Dehghan, Sahar Mousavi, Reza Solouki
Objective: Subacromial impingement syndrome is the most common cause of shoulder pain and restriction in range of motion in the world. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of subacromial injection of ketorolac with the injection of corticosteroid for the treatment of subacromial impingement syndrome. Methods: A total of forty patients were randomly allocated into two groups. Group A received 40 mg of methylprednisolone and Group B received 60 mg of ketorolac as a subacromial injection along with lidocaine...
October 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416172/gait-analysis-in-patients-with-wide-resection-and-endoprosthesis-replacement-around-the-knee
#11
Vivek Ajit Singh, Chan Wei Heng, Nor Faissal Yasin
Background: Limb salvage surgery with endoprosthesis for bone tumor around the knee is reported to have good functional and oncological outcomes. However, the functional assessment using musculoskeletal tumor society (MSTS) and Toronto extremity scoring system remains subjective. We performed gait analysis as an objective assessment of their functional outcome. Materials and Methods: Gait analysis was performed in 20 patients with endoprosthesis replacement around the knee...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356542/ultrafast-tailoring-of-carbon-surfaces-via-electrochemically-attached-triazolinediones
#12
William Laure, Kevin De Bruycker, Pieter Espeel, David Fournier, Patrice Woisel, Filip E Du Prez, Joël Lyskawa
The straightforward coupling between a triazolinedione (TAD) unit and citronellyl derivatives via an Alder-ene reaction has been exploited to tailor the physicochemical surface properties of glassy carbon (GC) surfaces in an ultrafast and additive-free manner. For this purpose, we first covalently grafted a TAD precursor onto GC via electrochemical reduction of an in situ generated diazonium salt, which was then electrochemically oxidized into the desired GC-bonded TAD unit. A kinetic study of the modification of this reactive layer with an electroactive ferrocene probe proved that a complete functionalization was obtained in merely 1 minute...
February 20, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345453/poly-glycidol-coating-on-ultrahigh-molecular-weight-polyethylene-for-reduced-biofilm-growth
#13
Jacob N Lockhart, Thomas J Spoonmore, Michael W McCurdy, Bridget R Rogers, Scott A Guelcher, Eva Harth
Semibranched poly(glycidol) (PG-OH) and poly(glycidol allylglycidyl ether) (PG-Allyl) coatings were formed on ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (UMWPE) in a unique two-step process which included radiation of UHMWPE followed by grafting of PG-OH or PG-Allyl to the surface via free radical cross-linking. Resulting surfaces were extensively characterized by FTIR-ATR, XPS, fluorescent microscopy, and contact goniometry. The performance was evaluated using the most prominent biofilm-forming bacteria Staphylococcus aureus for 24 and 48 h...
January 18, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343224/development-and-validation-of-self-reported-line-drawings-of-the-modified-beighton-score-for-the-assessment-of-generalised-joint-hypermobility
#14
Dale J Cooper, Brigitte E Scammell, Mark E Batt, Debbie Palmer
BACKGROUND: The impracticalities and comparative expense of carrying out a clinical assessment is an obstacle in many large epidemiological studies. The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a series of electronic self-reported line drawing instruments based on the modified Beighton scoring system for the assessment of self-reported generalised joint hypermobility. METHODS: Five sets of line drawings were created to depict the 9-point Beighton score criteria...
January 17, 2018: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326903/inter-and-intrarater-reliability-of-goniometry-and-hand-held-dynamometry-for-patients-with-subacromial-impingement-syndrome
#15
Georg Fieseler, Kevin G Laudner, Lars Irlenbusch, Henrike Meyer, Stephan Schulze, Karl-Stefan Delank, Souhail Hermassi, Thomas Bartels, René Schwesig
The purpose of this study was to examine the intra- and interrater reliability of measuring shoulder range of motion (ROM) and strength among patients diagnosed with subacromial impingement syndrome (SAIS). Twenty-five patients (14 female patients; mean age, 60.4± 7.84 years) diagnosed with SAIS were assessed to determine the intrarater reliability for glenohumeral ROM. Twenty-five patients (16 female patients; mean age, 60.4± 7.80 years) and 76 asymptomatic volunteers (52 female volunteers; mean age, 29...
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274738/is-digital-photography-an-accurate-and-precise-method-for-measuring-range-of-motion-of-the-shoulder-and-elbow
#16
Russell R Russo, Matthew B Burn, Sabir K Ismaily, Brayden J Gerrie, Shuyang Han, Jerry Alexander, Christopher Lenherr, Philip C Noble, Joshua D Harris, Patrick C McCulloch
BACKGROUND: Accurate measurements of shoulder and elbow motion are required for the management of musculoskeletal pathology. The purpose of this investigation was to compare three techniques for measuring motion. The authors hypothesized that digital photography would be equivalent in accuracy and show higher precision compared to the other two techniques. METHODS: Using infrared motion capture analysis as the reference standard, shoulder flexion/abduction/internal rotation/external rotation and elbow flexion/extension were measured using visual estimation, goniometry, and digital photography on 10 fresh frozen cadavers...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239989/a-systematic-review-of-the-association-between-physical-fitness-and-musculoskeletal-injury-risk-part-3-flexibility-power-speed-balance-and-agility
#17
Sarah J de la Motte, Peter Lisman, Timothy C Gribbin, Kaitlin Murphy, Patricia A Deuster
We performed a systematic review and evaluation of the existing scientific literature on the association between flexibility, power, speed, balance, and agility, and musculoskeletal injury (MSK-I) risk in military and civilian populations. MEDLINE, EBSCO, EMBASE, and the Defense Technical Information Center were searched for original studies published from 1970 through 2015 that examined associations between these physical fitness measures (flexibility, power, speed, balance, and agility) and MSK-I. Methodological quality and strength of the evidence were determined following criteria adapted from previously published systematic reviews...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234565/reliability-of-ankle-foot-morphology-mobility-strength-and-motor-performance-measures
#18
John J Fraser, Rachel M Koldenhoven, Susan A Saliba, Jay Hertel
Background: Assessment of foot posture, morphology, intersegmental mobility, strength and motor control of the ankle-foot complex are commonly used clinically, but measurement properties of many assessments are unclear. Purpose: To determine test-retest and inter-rater reliability, standard error of measurement, and minimal detectable change of morphology, joint excursion and play, strength, and motor control of the ankle-foot complex. Design: Reliability study...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234560/collegiate-male-soccer-players-exhibit-between-limb-symmetry-in-body-composition-muscle-strength-and-range-of-motion
#19
Matthew D DeLang, Melodie Kondratek, Lorenzo J DiPace, Tamara Hew-Butler
Background: Functional and structural asymmetries attributed to limb dominance are equivocal in soccer players. Previous authors hypothesize the existence of between-limb asymmetry secondary to the repetitive unilateral nature of kicking. However, symmetry is often present, particularly in measures of muscle strength. Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to determine if lateral dominance is accompanied by corresponding between-limb asymmetries in a comprehensive assessment of body composition, muscle strength, and range of motion in healthy soccer players...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154234/activity-and-quality-of-life-after-total-hip-arthroplasty
#20
Anna Świtoń, Ewa Wodka-Natkaniec, Łukasz Niedźwiedzki, Tadeusz Gaździk, Tadeusz Niedźwiedzki
BACKGROUND: Coxarthrosis is a chronic musculoskeletal condition that causes severe pain and considerable limi-tation of the patient's motor performance. Total hip arthroplasty is one of the most common and effective methods used in the treatment of advanced degenerative changes. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the activity and quality of life of patients after unilateral total hip arthroplasty. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted in a group of 189 patients who had undergone unilateral total hip arthroplasty...
October 31, 2017: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
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