keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Chemotherapy inducing anemia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814194/real-world-utilization-of-darbepoetin-alfa-in-cancer-chemotherapy-patients
#1
Xiaoyun Lucy Pan, Beth L Nordstrom, Sharon MacLachlan, Junji Lin, Hairong Xu, Anjali Sharma, David Chandler, Xiaoyan Shawn Li
Objectives To provide an understanding of darbepoetin alfa dose patterns in cancer patients undergoing myelosuppressive chemotherapy starting from 2011. Study design This is a retrospective cohort study using a proprietary outpatient oncology database. Methods Metastatic, solid tumor cancer patients receiving concomitant myelosuppressive chemotherapy and darbepoetin alfa with an associated hemoglobin <10 g/dL during 2011-2015 were identified. The analysis was restricted to the first continuous exposure to chemotherapy agents (maximum allowable gap of 90 days between consecutive exposures) with darbepoetin alfa for each eligible patient...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775205/therapy-related-hematological-malignancies-after-peptide-receptor-radionuclide-therapy-with-177-lu-dota-octreotate-incidence-course-predicting-factors-in-patients-with-gep-nets
#2
Hendrik Bergsma, Kirsten van Lom, Mark Konijnenberg, Boen Kam, Jaap Teunissen, Wouter de Herder, Eric Krenning, Dik Kwekkeboom
Peptide Receptor Radionuclide Therapy (PRRT) may induce long-term toxicity to the bone marrow (BM). The aim of this study was to analyze persistent dysfunction of the hematopoietic system after PRRT with (177)Lu-DOTATATE in patients with gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs). Methods: The incidence and course of persistent hematological dysfunction (PHD) was analyzed in 274 (=GEP-NET) out of 367 patients with somatostatin receptor-positive tumors. PHD was defined as diagnosis of Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS), Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML), Myeloproliferative Neoplasms (MPN), Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MDS/MPN) or otherwise unexplained cytopenia (for more than 6 months)...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764837/supportive-treatments-for-patients-with-cancer
#3
Karin Jordan, Petra Feyer, Ulrike Höller, Hartmut Link, Bernhard Wörmann, Franziska Jahn
BACKGROUND: For the treatment of patients with cancer to be successful and well-tolerated, the complications and side effects of the disease and its treatment must be treated and limited as far as possible. Summarized recommendations based on the constantly increasing evidence in the area of supportive care must be defined, standardized, and communicated. METHODS: We systematically reviewed the literature on the topics of anemia, neutropenia, nausea/vomiting, diarrhea, oral mucositis, skin toxicity, and peripheral neurotoxicity induced by cancer treatment, as well as osseous complications, extravasation, and side effects of radiotherapy...
July 10, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740895/using-low-dose-radiation-to-potentiate-the-effect-of-induction-chemotherapy-in-head-and-neck-cancer-results-of-a-prospective-phase-2-trial
#4
Susanne M Arnold, Mahesh Kudrimoti, Emily V Dressler, John F Gleason, Natalie L Silver, William F Regine, Joseph Valentino
PURPOSE: Low-dose fractionated radiation therapy (LDFRT) induces effective cell killing through hyperradiation sensitivity and potentiates effects of chemotherapy. We report our second investigation of LDFRT as a potentiator of the chemotherapeutic effect of induction carboplatin and paclitaxel in locally advanced squamous cell cancer of the head and neck (SCCHN). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Two cycles of induction therapy were given every 21 days: paclitaxel (75 mg/m(2)) on days 1, 8, and 15; carboplatin (area under the curve 6) day 1; and LDFRT 50 cGy fractions (2 each on days 1, 2, 8, and 15)...
October 2016: Advances in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666508/disseminated-kaposi-s-sarcoma-in-an-immunosuppressed-patient-after-long-term-inhaled-and-systemic-steroid-therapy
#5
Shiyam Kumar, Ikram A Burney, P A M Saparamadu, Chandu de Silva
Kaposi's sarcoma is associated with immunosuppressant treatment administered to patients with organ transplant and other immune related disorders. Several case reports have reported association of Kaposi's sarcoma and steroids. Almost all patients in those case reports had localised disease to skin and they responded to tapering doses or discontinuation of steroids. Here we present a case of an elderly asthmatic man who was using self-medication with systemic and inhaled steroids for about two decades. He presented with widespread skin lesions and anemia...
November 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655792/inhibiting-p53-acetylation-reduces-cancer-chemotoxicity
#6
Shunsheng Zheng, Xin Yu Koh, Hui Chin Goh, Siti Aishah B Rahmat, Le-Ann Hwang, David P Lane
Chemotoxicity due to unwanted p53 activation in the bone marrow remains an unmet clinical challenge. Doxorubicin, a first-line chemotherapy drug, often causes myelosuppression in patients, thus limiting its effectiveness. In this study, we discovered that C646, a reversible p300 inhibitor, downregulates p53 transcription and selectively protects noncancerous cells from p53-dependent apoptosis. C646 treatment blocked acetylation of specific lysine residues that regulate p53 activity. Exploitation of differential p53 genetic backgrounds between human hematopoietic and colorectal cancer cells improved the therapeutic index of doxorubicin with C646 cotreatment...
August 15, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641620/-role-of-microparticles-derived-from-acute-promyelocytic-leukemia-cells-in-coagulopathy
#7
Ying-Mei Zhang, Bo Chen, Long-Yue Wu, Jin-Xiao Hou, Jin-Yue Fu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of microparticle (MP) derived from acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) cells and tissue factor (TF) carried by the MP in hypercoagulable state, and the effect of treatment with cytotoxic chemotherapy/differentiating agents on procoagulant activity (PCA) of these MP. METHODS: Bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMNC) were extracted from 5 APL patients and 5 sex- and age- matched patients with iron deficiency anemia as controls. The cells were cultured in vitro for 48 h, then MP-rich culture medium and MP-free culture medium were harvested and MP was further obtained from certain volume of MP-rich culture medium...
June 2017: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629521/erythropoietin-promotes-glioblastoma-via-mir-451-suppression
#8
Begum Alural, Zeynep O Ayyildiz, Kemal U Tufekci, Sermin Genc, Kursad Genc
Erythropoietin (EPO) is an erythropoiesis stimulating growth factor and hormone. EPO has been widely used in the treatment of chronic renal failure, cancer, and chemotherapy-related anemia for three decades. However, many clinical trials showed that EPO treatment may be associated with tumorigenesis and cancer progression. EPO is able to cross blood-brain barriers, and this may lead to an increased possibility of central nervous system tumors such as glioblastoma. Indeed, EPO promotes glioblastoma growth and invasion in animal studies...
2017: Vitamins and Hormones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542880/suicidal-death-of-erythrocytes-in-cancer-and-its-chemotherapy-a-potential-target-in-the-treatment-of-tumor-associated-anemia
#9
REVIEW
Elisabeth Lang, Rosi Bissinger, Syed M Qadri, Florian Lang
In analogy to apoptosis of nucleated cells, erythrocytes may enter eryptosis characterized by cell shrinkage and cell membrane scrambling. Eryptotic erythrocytes are rapidly cleared from circulating blood and may adhere to the vascular wall. Stimulation of eryptosis thus impairs microcirculation and leads to anemia as soon as the loss of erythrocytes cannot be fully compensated by enhanced erythropoiesis. Signaling stimulating eryptosis includes increase of cytosolic Ca(2+) -activity, ceramide, caspases, calpain, p38-kinase, protein-kinase C, Janus-activated kinase 3, casein-kinase 1α, and cyclin-dependent kinase 4...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538510/thalidomide-induced-stroke-in-a-child-with-thalassemia-major
#10
Sushil Gunaseelan, Anand Prakash
β-thalassemia major is a hereditary anemia resulting from defects in β-globin production. It is also characterized by a hypercoagulable state with an increased risk of thrombosis. Thalidomide, a drug known for its immunomodulating and antiangiogenic properties, has recently been demonstrated to induce γ-globin gene expression and to increase the proliferation of erythroid cells. An increasing incidence of thromboembolic events in thalidomide-treated patients has been reported. This is often in the context of thalidomide combinations with other drugs, including steroids and particularly anthracycline-based chemotherapy, and with very low incidence of thrombosis with single-agent thalidomide treatment...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504901/tale-of-two-erythropoiesis-stimulating-agents-utilization-dosing-litigation-and-costs-of-darbepoetin-and-epoetin-among-south-carolina-medicaid-covered-patients-with-cancer-and-chemotherapy-induced-anemia
#11
Virginia Noxon, Kevin B Knopf, LeAnn B Norris, Brian Chen, Y Tony Yang, Zaina P Qureshi, William Hrushesky, Akida A Lebby, Benjamin Schooley, Neset Hikmet, Michael Dickson, Mae Thamer, Dennis Cotter, Paul R Yarnold, Charles L Bennett
PURPOSE: The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved epoetin and darbepoetin for chemotherapy-induced anemia (CIA). Approved epoetin and darbepoetin dosing schedules were three times per week and weekly, respectively, although off-label, less frequent scheduling was common. In 2004, 2007, and 2008, a US Food and Drug Administration Advisory Committees warned of risks associated with erythropoiesis-stimulating agents. During this period, lawsuits alleging illegal darbepoetin marketing practices have concluded, resulting in $1...
June 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448368/managing-chemotherapy-induced-anemia-with-erythropoiesis-stimulating-agents-plus-iron
#12
REVIEW
Lisa Whitehead
Editor's note: This is a summary of a nursing care-related systematic review from the Cochrane Library.
May 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441110/effects-of-the-us-food-and-drug-administration-boxed-warning-of-erythropoietin-stimulating-agents-on-utilization-and-adverse-outcome
#13
John Bian, Brian Chen, Dawn L Hershman, Norman Marks, LeAnn Norris, Richard Schulz, Charles L Bennett
Purpose In March 2007, a US Food and Drug Administration boxed warning was issued for erythropoietin-stimulating agents (ESAs) regarding serious adverse events, such as venous thromboembolism (VTE). We evaluated the US Food and Drug Administration's boxed warning of ESAs used to treat chemotherapy-induced anemia because evidence on the effectiveness of boxed warnings remains inconclusive. Patients and Methods Using 2004 to 2009 SEER-Medicare data, we exploited a natural experiment to examine the effects of ESA boxed warnings on utilization and risk of VTE...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397504/-chemotherapy-related-cognitive-impairment-in-patients-with-hodgkin-lymphoma-pathophysiology-and-risk-factors
#14
D Fayette, Ľ Gahérová, H Móciková, J Marková, T Kozák, J Horáček
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment (impairment of memory, attention, or concentration) is documented in 17-75% of patients with various malignancies treated with chemotherapeutic agents that worsen quality of life. CRCI affects patients of all ages. The impairment of cognitive function in connection with chemotherapy is usually mild, but an event. relationship with dementia remains to be confirmed. Chemotherapy in combination with radiotherapy in Hodgkin lymphoma can cure 80-90% of patients...
2017: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391437/oral-sucrosomial-iron-versus-intravenous-iron-in-anemic-cancer-patients-without-iron-deficiency-receiving-darbepoetin-alfa-a-pilot-study
#15
Antonino Mafodda, D Giuffrida, A Prestifilippo, D Azzarello, R Giannicola, M Mare, R Maisano
PURPOSE: Erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) are often used in treatment of patients with chemotherapy-induced anemia. Many studies have demonstrated an improved hemoglobin (Hb) response when ESA is combined with intravenous iron supplementation and a higher effectiveness of intravenous iron over traditional oral iron formulations. A new formulation of oral sucrosomial iron featuring an increased bioavailability compared to traditional oral formulations has recently become available and could provide a valid alternative to those by intravenous (IV) route...
September 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377717/biomarkers-associated-with-cognitive-impairment-in-treated-cancer-patients-potential-predisposition-and-risk-factors
#16
REVIEW
Hélène Castel, Angeline Denouel, Marie Lange, Marie-Christine Tonon, Martine Dubois, Florence Joly
Purpose: Cognitive impairment in cancer patients induced, at least in part, by treatment are frequently observed and likely have negative impacts on patient quality of life. Such cognitive dysfunctions can affect attention, executive functions, and memory and processing speed, can persist after treatment, and their exact causes remain unclear. The aim of this review was to create an inventory and analysis of clinical studies evaluating biological markers and risk factors for cognitive decline in cancer patients before, during, or after therapy...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371203/the-available-intravenous-iron-formulations-history-efficacy-and-toxicology
#17
REVIEW
Michael Auerbach, Iain Macdougall
A number of intravenous iron formulations have been developed over the past 65 years which rely on dextran or other compounds to prevent uncontrolled release of free iron to the circulation. High molecular weight dextran was associated with a number of serious adverse reactions and was removed from markets worldwide in 2009. The preponderance of published evidence suggests that the formulations of parenteral iron currently available in the United States, including low molecular weight iron dextran, are all safe and effective and there are no major, clinically important differences among them in terms of either efficacy or safety...
June 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359342/measuring-the-impact-of-ambulatory-red-blood-cell-transfusion-on-home-functional-status-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Dennis H Murphree, Theresa N Kinard, Nandita Khera, Curtis B Storlie, Che Ngufor, Sudhindra Upadhyaya, Jyotishman Pathak, Emma Fortune, Eapen K Jacob, Rickey E Carter, Karl A Poterack, Daryl J Kor
BACKGROUND: Red blood cell (RBC) transfusion is frequently employed in both ambulatory and hospital environments with the aim of improving patient functional status. In the ambulatory setting, this practice is particularly common in patients with malignancy due to anemia associated with their cancer therapy. Increasingly, the efficacy of this US$10.5 billion per year practice has been called into question. While it is often standard of care for patients with chemotherapy-induced anemia to receive ambulatory RBC transfusions, it is unclear to what extent such transfusions affect home functional status...
March 31, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358695/induction-of-tgf-%C3%AE-by-irradiation-or-chemotherapy-in-fanconi-anemia-fa-mouse-bone-marrow-is-modulated-by-small-molecule-radiation-mitigators-jp4-039-and-mms350
#19
Michael W Epperly, Byung-Han Rhieu, Darcy Franicola, Tracy Dixon, Shaonan Cao, Xichen Zhang, Donna Shields, Hong Wang, Peter Wipf, Joel S Greenberger
BACKGROUND/AIM: Total-body irradiation and/or administration of chemotherapy drugs in bone marrow transplantation induce cytokines that can suppress engraftment. Fanconi Anemia (FA) patients have a hyperactive responsiveness to the inhibitory cytokine, transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β). Small molecule radiation mitigator drugs, JP4-039 and MMS350, were evaluated for suppression of irradiation or drug-induced TGF-β. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In vivo induction of TGF-β by total-body ionizing irradiation (TBI), L-phenylalanine mustard (L-PAM), busulfan or fludarabine, was quantified...
March 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315701/perspective-a-defined-role-for-multiple-fanconi-anemia-gene-products-in-dna-damage-associated-ubiquitination
#20
REVIEW
Winnie Tan, Andrew J Deans
Fanconi anemia (FA) is an inherited blood disorder that causes bone marrow failure and high predisposition to cancers. The FA pathway guards the cell's genome stability by orchestrating the repair of interstrand cross-linking during the S phase of the cell cycle, preventing the chromosomal instability that is a key event in bone marrow failure syndrome. Central to the FA pathway is loss of monoubiquitinated forms of the Fanconi proteins FANCI and FANCD2, a process that is normally mediated by a "core complex" of seven other Fanconi proteins...
March 16, 2017: Experimental Hematology
keyword
keyword
51678
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"