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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925600/pediatric-pulmonology
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915908/advances-in-paediatrics-in-2016-current-practices-and-challenges-in-allergy-autoimmune-diseases-cardiology-endocrinology-gastroenterology-infectious-diseases-neonatology-nephrology-neurology-nutrition-pulmonology
#2
REVIEW
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Silvia Montella, Sergio Bernasconi
This review reports main progresses in various pediatric issues published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2016. New insights in clinical features or complications of several disorders may be useful for our better understanding. They comprise severe asthma, changing features of lupus erythematosus from birth to adolescence, celiac disease, functional gastrointestinal disorders, Moebius syndrome, recurrent pneumonia. Risk factors for congenital heart defects, Kawasaki disease have been widely investigated...
September 16, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914743/effectiveness-of-bone-suppression-imaging-in-the-detection-of-lung-nodules-on-chest-radiographs-relevance-to-anatomic-location-and-observer-s-experience
#3
Tomohiro Miyoshi, Junji Yoshida, Nao Aramaki, Yuki Matsumura, Keiju Aokage, Tomoyuki Hishida, Tsuyoshi Kobayashi, Shinichi Tsubura, Shinsuke Katsuhara, Satoshi Kasai, Yasuhiko Sasano, Kanji Nagai, Masahiro Tsuboi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of bone suppression imaging (BSI) software in lung-nodule detection on chest radiographs (CXRs) in relation to nodule location and observer's experience. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The CXRs of 80 patients, of which 40 had a lung nodule (8 to 30 mm in diameter) and 40 did not have any nodules, were interpreted by 20 observers comprising of 7 pulmonologists with >10 years of experience and 13 pulmonology residents. Each patient's image was sequentially read, first using the standard CXR and thereafter with the BSI software...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Thoracic Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906274/flexible-bronchoscope-use-by-pulmonologists-in-collaboration-with-gastroenterologists-for-placement-of-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-via-transnasal-route-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-a-10-year-experience-in-a-single-cancer-institution
#4
Paulo J L Mota, Jorge Dionísio, José Duro da Costa, Sandra Faias
This study was conducted with the aim of evaluating a 10-year experience in the Pulmonology Department of a cancer center for percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy through transnasal route (TN-PEG) in patients with head and neck cancer whose oral access is precluded. This study was a retrospective analysis of 40 consecutive head and neck cancer patients referred for PEG placement, between 2005 and 2014, using a transnasal route because of the impossibility of intubation through the oral cavity. Demographics, outcome of TN-PEG procedure, indications for bronchoscopic approach (prophylactic/palliative), clinical need for bronchoscopy (trismus, oropharyngeal obstruction), location of cancer, complications, and overall survival were reviewed...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905809/the-acceptance-of-illness-in-lung-cancer-patients-before-and-after-surgical-treatment
#5
Andrzej Nowicki, Paulina Graczyk, Marzena Lemanowicz
Lung cancer is the most common malignant tumor in the world, as well as one of the cancers with the most fatal prognosis. The acceptance of the disease is the most important element of the adaptive process. The better the illness acceptance, the lower the stress level and the higher the self-esteem, which facilitates the adaptation to the health status. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the acceptance of the disease in patients before and after lung cancer surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted in 2016 at the Center of Oncology in Bydgoszcz and the Kuyavian and Pomeranian Pulmonology Center in Bydgoszcz...
August 31, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900356/humidifiers-for-oxygen-therapy-what-risk-for-reusable-and-disposable-devices
#6
REVIEW
V La Fauci, G B Costa, A Facciolà, A Conti, R Riso, R Squeri
INTRODUCTION: Nosocomial pneumonia accounts for the vast majority of healthcare-associated infections (HAI). Although numerous medical devices have been discussed as potential vehicles for microorganisms, very little is known about the role played by oxygen humidifiers as potential sources of nosocomial pathogens. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the safety of the reuse of humidifiers by analysing the rate of microbial contamination in reusable and disposable oxygen humidifiers used during therapy, and then discuss their potential role in the transmission of respiratory pathogens...
June 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887926/developing-an-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-program
#7
REVIEW
Julia Jones-Akhtarekhavari, Thomas A Tribble, Joseph B Zwischenberger
The development of a successful extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) program requires an institutional commitment and the multidisciplinary cooperation of trained specialty personnel from nursing, internal medicine, anesthesiology, pulmonology, emergency medicine, critical care, and surgery and often pediatrics as well. The specialized training necessary to cultivate an integrated team capable of providing life-saving ECMO cannot be underestimated. The development of a successful ECMO program is best suited to a tertiary medical center that is centrally/regionally located and capable of financially supporting the level of expertise required as well as managing the program's overall cost effectiveness...
October 2017: Critical Care Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883469/characteristics-of-newly-diagnosed-copd-patients-treated-with-triple-inhaled-therapy-by-general-practitioners-a-real-world-italian-study
#8
Fabiano Di Marco, Pierachille Santus, Silvia Terraneo, Elena Peruzzi, Elisa Muscianisi, Claudio Ripellino, Valeria Pegoraro
Factors predicting prescriptions of triple therapy were investigated in a large group of general practitioners in Italy. In the population treated by identified general practitioners, a cohort of newly diagnosed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients was extracted from IMS Health Longitudinal Database during the period 2010-2013. From the diagnosis, 1-year follow-up was evaluated. Thirty-two thousand forty-six newly diagnosed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients were evaluated (57.7% male, mean age 67 years)...
September 7, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881352/current-practice-of-airway-stenting-in-the-adult-population-in-europe-a-survey-of-the-european-association-of-bronchology-and-interventional-pulmonology-eabip
#9
Hervé Dutau, David Breen, Antonio Bugalho, Levent Dalar, Johannes Daniels, Christophe Dooms, Ralf Eberhardt, Lars Ek, Milena Encheva, Michel Febvre, Martin Hackl, Sirje Marran, Zsolt Papai-Szekely, Michael Perch, Mihovil Roglic, Antoni Rosell, Ales Rozman, Pallav L Shah, Marioara Simon, Artur Szlubowski, Grigoris Stratakos, Arve Sundset, Toomas Uibu, Christophe Von Garnier, Bojan Zaric, Marija Zdraveska, Lina Zuccatosta, Darijo Bokan, Syed Arshad Husain, Semra Bilaceroglu, Paola Gasche-Soccal, Stefano Gasparini, Felix J F Herth, Muhammed Munavvar
BACKGROUND: Airway stenting (AS) commenced in Europe circa 1987 with the first placement of a dedicated silicone airway stent. Subsequently, over the last 3 decades, AS was spread throughout Europe, using different insertion techniques and different types of stents. OBJECTIVES: This study is an international survey conducted by the European Association of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology (EABIP) focusing on AS practice within 26 European countries. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to all EABIP National Delegates in February 2015...
September 8, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877109/the-efficacy-of-a-viscoelastic-foam-overlay-on-prevention-of-pressure-injury-in-acutely-ill-patients-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Kyung Hee Park, Joohee Park
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare a viscoelastic foam overlay (VEFO) to a standard hospital mattress for pressure injury (PI) prevention. We also compared interface pressures (IPs) of the VEFO to our facility's standard hospital mattress. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized controlled trial. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: Data analysis was based on 110 participants (55 in each group) who were 19 years or older, had a Braden Scale for Pressure Sore Risk score of 16 or less, and were cared for on a neurology, oncology, or pulmonology inpatient care unit...
September 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876432/hospitalization-due-to-exacerbation-of-copd-real-life-outcomes
#11
Lilia Azzi Collet da Rocha Camargo, Maria Vera Oliveira Castellano, Fábio Checchia Ferreira, Flávio Vieira de Faria, Nelson Carvas
Introduction: Hospitalization due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation (eCOPD) may indicate worse prognosis. It is important to know the profile of hospitalized patients and their outcome of hospitalization to customize and optimize treatment. Method: Evaluation of patients hospitalized for eCOPD, with ≥ 10 pack/years and ≥ 1 previous spirometry with airway obstruction over the course of one year at the pulmonology service of a general hospital, applying: COPD assessment test (CAT); mMRc and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for dyspnea; hospitalized anxiety and depression questionnaire (HAD); Divo's comorbidities and Cote index; spirometry; and laboratory tests including number of eosinophils, C-reactive protein (CRP), brain natriuretic protein (BNP)...
June 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846791/cornelia-de-lange-syndrome-what-every-otolaryngologist-should-know
#12
Michael J Eliason, Jonathan M Melzer, Thomas Q Gallagher
Cornelia de Lange Syndrome (CdLS) can be expressed in multiple organ systems requiring a variety of specialists, including pediatric otolaryngology. We present the case of a 20-month-old boy with CdLS actively managed by an aerodigestive team consisting of pediatric otolaryngology, pediatric pulmonology, pediatric gastroenterology, with support staff from audiology, speech, and nutrition. His presentation included mixed hearing loss, dysphagia, microaspiration, gastroesophageal reflux, and failure to thrive...
August 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820610/asthma-treatment-and-outcomes-for-children-in-the-emergency-department-and-hospital
#13
Rupali Drewek, Lucia Mirea, Aparna Rao, Peter Touresian, Philip David Adelson
OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare the treatment of acute asthma exacerbations in children given in the emergency department (ED) and admitted to acute care floor in the hospital or intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: A retrospective chart review of visits for acute exacerbation of asthma treated at Phoenix Children's Hospital between January 1, 2014 and December 31, 2016. RESULTS: A total of 287 asthma exacerbation cases were identified including 106 (37%) ED visits, 134 (47%) hospital floor and 47 (16%) ICU admissions...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820010/diagnosing-asthma-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-with-machine-learning
#14
Dimitris Spathis, Panayiotis Vlamos
This study examines the clinical decision support systems in healthcare, in particular about the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of respiratory diseases, such as Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The empirical pulmonology study of a representative sample (n = 132) attempts to identify the major factors that contribute to the diagnosis of these diseases. Machine learning results show that in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease's case, Random Forest classifier outperforms other techniques with 97...
August 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807405/initiation-of-a-multidisciplinary-rapid-response-team-to-massive-and-submassive-pulmonary-embolism
#15
Brett J Carroll, Heather Pemberton, Kenneth A Bauer, Louis M Chu, Jeffrey L Weinstein, Barbara L Levarge, Duane S Pinto
Pulmonary embolism (PE) can result in rapid clinical decompensation in many patients. With increasing patient complexity and advanced treatment options for PE, multidisciplinary, rapid response teams can optimize risk stratification and expedite management strategies. The Massive And Submassive Clot On-call Team (MASCOT) was created at our institution, which comprised specialists from cardiology, pulmonology, hematology, interventional radiology, and cardiac surgery. MASCOT offers rapid consultation 24 hours a day with a web-based conference call to review patient data and discuss management of patients with high-risk PE...
July 26, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756635/can-adma-play-a-role-in-determining-pulmonary-hypertension-related-to-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#16
Selda Telo, Gamze Kırkıl, Mutlu Kuluöztürk, Mehmet Balin, Figen Deveci
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) decreases the levels of nitric oxide by inhibiting nitric oxide synthases. In this study, the possible role of ADMA in determining pulmonary hypertension (PH) in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients was investigated. METHODS: Stable COPD patients who were admitted to pulmonology outpatient clinic were involved in the study. Forty healthy volunteers, with similar ages and sexes, were accepted as the control group...
July 29, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746522/bta-distance-learning-course-in-pulmonology
#17
EDITORIAL
Irma Godoy, Fernando Luiz Cavalcanti Lundgren
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743122/utility-of-transbronchial-lung-cryobiopsy-in-non-interstitial-diseases
#18
Olivia Sánchez-Cabral, Dina Martínez-Mendoza, Sebastián Fernandez-Bussy, Berenice López-González, Carolina Perea-Talamantes, Rosa María Rivera-Rosales, César Luna-Rivero, José Arturo Martínez-Orozco, Luis Felipe Flores-Suárez, Patricio Santillán-Doherty, Gustavo Reyes-Terán
BACKGROUND: Transbronchial lung cryobiopsy (TLCB), performed with a flexible cryoprobe, is an interventional pulmonology procedure that has proved its diagnostic value for interstitial pulmonary disease. However, it has not been explored extensively as a diagnostic tool for patients with non-interstitial lung pathology, including infectious and malignant diseases. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic yield and safety of an interventional pulmonology approach that integrates TLCB and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) for the diagnosis of non-interstitial pulmonary disease...
2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740687/infections-causing-central-airway-obstruction-role-of-bronchoscopy-in-diagnosis-and-management
#19
REVIEW
Sevak Keshishyan, Lawrence DeLorenzo, Kassem Hammoud, Arpine Avagyan, Hussein Assallum, Kassem Harris
Central airway obstructive infections (CAOI) are challenging medical conditions that may represent an advanced and complicated process of ongoing infections. The epidemiology of CAOI is unknown as well as the pathophysiology and the mechanism of development. This is due to sparse data in the literature that consists mainly of case reports and retrospective case series. CAOI can be caused by fungal, bacterial, parasitic and viral infections. Most patients with CAOI can be diagnosed clinically and with chest imaging, which demonstrate obstruction of the central airways...
June 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732795/incidence-of-cancer-in-outpatients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#20
J M Figueira Gonçalves, R Dorta Sánchez, L I Pérez Méndez, L Pérez Negrín, I García-Talavera, A Pérez Rodríguez, D Díaz Pérez, P Viña Manrique, C Guzmán Sáenz
INTRODUCTION: The relationship between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and the overall incidence of cancer is poorly understood. The aim of this study was to analyse the incidence of cancer (pulmonary or extrapulmonary) in patients with COPD during follow-up in a specialised outpatient unit, as well as to assess its relationship with the degree of airflow obstruction. METHODOLOGY: A prospective observational study was conducted with a cohort of 308 patients with COPD in pulmonology outpatient follow-up consultations from January 2012 to December 2015...
July 18, 2017: Revista Clínica Española
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