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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631692/-multidisciplinary-problems-of-rheumatology-and-pulmonology
#1
L P Ananyeva
Damage to the respiratory system worsens prognosis and increases mortality in all systemic immunoinflammatory rheumatic diseases (SIRDs). Leading pulmonary manifestations in each disease are different, so the typical picture of each nosological entity is very peculiar. In all SIRDs, the disease starts with lung involvement in 10-20% of cases, preceding the expanded clinical presentation of a systemic disease. At a certain stage, lung damage may be the only manifestation of the disease or predominate in its clinical picture, determining the severity of a condition...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620429/novel-approaches-to-ultrasonography-of-the-lung-and-pleural-space-where-are-we-now
#2
REVIEW
Daniel Lichtenstein
This review article is an update of what should be known for practicing basic lung ultrasound in the critically ill (LUCI) and is also of interest for less critical disciplines (e.g. pulmonology). It pinpoints on the necessity of a professional machine (not necessarily a sophisticated one) and probe. It lists the 10 main signs of LUCI and some of the main protocols made possible using LUCI: the BLUE protocol for a respiratory failure, the FALLS protocol for a circulatory failure, the SESAME protocol for a cardiac arrest and the investigation of a ventilated acute respiratory distress syndrome patient, etc...
June 2017: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616289/the-bronchoscopic-interventions-for-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-according-to-different-phenotypes
#3
REVIEW
Jian-Jun Zhang, Yan Yin, Gang Hou
Bronchoscopic interventions are valuable adjuncts to the pharmacologic therapy for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). But different phenotypes of COPD patients showed different clinical responses to the same or similar therapy. The optimal selection of bronchoscopic interventions for COPD patients also needs to be based on the phenotypes. According to the different phenotypes, novel interventional pulmonology techniques which were used for COPD treatments in daily clinical practice or clinical trials have been described extensively throughout our current review...
May 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612960/physical-activity-and-asthma-control-level-in-children-and-adolescents
#4
Natasha Y Matsunaga, Marina S Oliveira, André M Morcillo, José D Ribeiro, Maria A G O Ribeiro, Adyléia A D C Toro
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Physical activity is defined as any bodily movement produced by a muscle contraction with increased energy expenditure. The aim of this study was to assess the physical activity, asthma control level, spirometric measurements and quality of life in children and adolescents with asthma. METHODS: We included all children and adolescents aged 7-17 years who had a diagnosis of atopic asthma and who attended the Pediatric Pulmonology Outpatient Clinic of the State University of Campinas, Brazil...
June 14, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608632/cystic-fibrosis-year-in-review-2016
#5
REVIEW
Adrienne P Savant, Susanna A McColley
In this article, we highlight cystic fibrosis (CF) research and case reports published in Pediatric Pulmonology during 2016. We also include articles from a variety of journals that are thematically related to these articles, or are of special interest to clinicians.
June 13, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606378/predictors-of-talc-slurry-pleurodesis-success-in-patients-with-malignant-pleural-effusions
#6
P S Santos, M A Marques, C Cruz, H Monteiro, F Fradinho
INTRODUCTION: Malignant pleural effusions are an important burden of malignant disease. Slurry talc pleurodesis remains one of the most common and effective therapeutic options. AIM: Investigate the predictive factors related with the efficacy of this technique in malignant pleural effusions. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of all pleurodesis performed during a 10-year period in a Pulmonology Unit. All demographic and clinical data were collected, including the histologic tumoral type and the biochemical, microbiological and cytological fluid features...
June 9, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603829/adherence-to-treatment-with-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-in-the-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#7
Ahmed Abdelghani, Wafa Benzarti, Hlima Ben Salem, Imen Gargouri, Abdelhamid Garrouche, Abdelaziz Hayouni, Mohamed Benzarti
INTRODUCTION: Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the most effective treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Adequate compliance with the use of CPAP is cardinal to achieve cardiovascular, metabolic and neuropsychological benefits of treatment. AIM: Assess the factors affecting compliance to the CPAP treatment and analyze the long term acceptance. METHODS: Retrospective study on 130 patients treated by CPAP for OSA in the department of pulmonology between 2005 and 2014...
August 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599691/vitamin-d-status-lung-function-and-atopy-in-children-with-asthma
#8
Sebnem Ozdogan, Gizem Sari, Ibrahim Hakki Aktan, Belma Aydin, Canan Irmak, Sabanur Cavdar
OBJECTIVE: To determine the associations between serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D3 levels and pulmonary function test outcomes and atopy in children with asthma. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Pediatric pulmonology outpatient clinic and pediatric outpatient clinic, from December 2012 to March 2013. METHODOLOGY: Atotal of 71 asthmatic children and 77 healthy controls aged 7-17 years were recruited...
May 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592024/-training-and-competency-in-interventional-pulmonology-the-foundation-of-professional-development
#9
H Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592022/-development-and-prospects-of-interventional-pulmonology-in-china
#10
G F Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559704/endobronchial-ultrasound-one-year-of-experience-in-clinical-practice
#11
Marioara Simon, Bogdan Pop, Lacramioara Toma, Aletta Vallasek, Ioan Simon
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) is a recent minimally invasive, safe examination method for the mediastinum, with a good diagnostic precision. This method makes possible real time examination with transbronchial fine needle aspiration, diagnostic transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) and staging of non-small pulmonary tumors, as well as diagnosis of mediastinal and hilar adenopathies of various causes. METHODS: We present the experience of the Bronchoscopy Department of the Pulmonology Clinic of Cluj-Napoca with EBUS-TBNA as a tool for the diagnosis and staging of tumors in contact with the bronchial wall and mediastinal and hilar adenopathies of unknown etiology...
2017: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538776/spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-experience-in-18-patients-during-the-last-12-years
#12
Patrícia Dionísio, Luís Martins, Susana Moreira, Alda Manique, Rita Macedo, Fátima Caeiro, Luísa Boal, Cristina Bárbara
Objective: To characterize clinically all of the patients with spontaneous pneumomediastinum (SPM) admitted to an adult pulmonology ward in Lisbon, Portugal. Methods: This was a retrospective descriptive study of all adult patients (≥ 18 years of age) diagnosed with SPM between January of 2004 and September of 2015. Results: At least one predisposing factor was identified in most (88.9%) of the 18 patients who presented with SPM during the study period...
March 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530087/-the-association-between-obesity-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd
#13
Shahar Geva, Moria Yaakoby, Or Kalchiem-Dekel, Aya Talmor-Gozlan, Roi Westreich, Nimrod Maimon
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a preventable and treatable disease, with major respiratory and systemic expressions. Obesity is defined as a BMI>30 kg/ m2 and its prevalence has doubled in recent decades. The possible relationship of obesity to COPD, and its influence on respiratory pathophysiology, is considered a mystery. Studies show obesity to be a survival advantage among COPD patients, unlike in the general population, in which obesity correlates to decreased life expectancy...
September 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523317/mri-as-indicator-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis-activity-from-morphological-to-molecular-level-assessment-a-case-report
#14
Maria Teodora Antuaneta Buzan, Hanelore Herta, Mihaela Maria Coman, Daniela Homorodean, Silviu Andrei Sfrângeu, Carmen Monica Pop
We present the case of an adult patient with active post-primary pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) and discuss specific morphological and textural aspects found at high-field magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the lung. The 42-year-old man, heavy smoker, undertook a routine employment medical examination and was admitted to a referral pulmonology and TB center due to the abnormal findings seen on his chest radiography. The patient presented nonspecific symptoms, bilateral bronchial breath at pulmonary auscultation, inflammatory syndrome on the laboratory blood tests and positive sputum smears for acid-fast bacilli, which together with the typical aspect on the chest radiography lead to a diagnosis of post-primary pulmonary TB and administration of specific medication...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523302/the-use-of-ebus-tbna-and-rose-in-the-diagnosis-of-lung-cancer
#15
Mărioara Şimon, Bogdan Pop, Iuliana Lăcrămioara Toma, Aletta Kinga Vallasek, Ioan Şimon
Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is a minimally invasive method for diagnosing and staging of lung cancer. EBUS-TBNA obtained small specimens. Rapid on-site examination (ROSE) is a rapid, real-time examination method. The aim of our study is to evaluate the impact of ROSE on adequate specimen sampling, rapid results and high diagnostic rate. We present the experience of the Department of Bronchology, "Leon Daniello" Clinic of Pulmonology, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, with EBUS-TBNA as a tool for diagnostic of adenopathies of unknown etiology...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507638/antibiotic-utilization-in-pediatric-hospitalized-patients-a-single-center-study
#16
Hasime Qorraj Bytyqi, Rexhep Hoxha, Elton Bahtiri, Valon Krasniqi, Shaip Krasniqi
BACKGROUND: Antibiotics are among the most commonly prescribed drugs in paediatrics. In most cases, antibiotics are started on an empirical basis, without proof of a bacterial infection, either before the start of therapy or afterwards. AIM: The main objective of this study was to analyse the consumption of antibiotics in hospitalised paediatric patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective study investigated the consumption of antimicrobials in defined daily doses (DDDs according to the Anatomical Therapeutical Chemical/DDD index) in Pulmonology, Gastroenterology and Nephrology Departments at Pediatric Clinic of the tertiary hospital...
April 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499810/prevalence-of-late-onset-pompe-disease-in-portuguese-patients-with-diaphragmatic-paralysis-dipper-study
#17
M J Guimarães, J C Winck, B Conde, A Mineiro, M Raposo, J Moita, A Marinho, J M Silva, N Pires, S André, C Loureiro
Pompe disease is a rare autosomal recessive neuromuscular disorder caused by acid α-glucosidase enzyme (GAA) deficiency and divided into two distinct variants, infantile- and late-onset. The late-onset variant is characterized by a spectrum of phenotypic variation that may range from asymptomatic, to reduced muscle strength and/or diaphragmatic paralysis. Since muscle strength loss is characteristic of several different conditions, which may also cause diaphragmatic paralysis, a protocol was created to search for the diagnosis of Pompe disease and exclude other possible causes...
May 9, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495077/consensus-on-the-asthma-copd-overlap-syndrome-acos-between-the-spanish-copd-guidelines-gesepoc-and-the-spanish-guidelines-on-the-management-of-asthma-gema
#18
Vicente Plaza, Francisco Álvarez, Myriam Calle, Ciro Casanova, Borja G Cosío, Antolín López-Viña, Luís Pérez de Llano, Santiago Quirce, Miguel Román-Rodríguez, Juan José Soler-Cataluña, Marc Miravitlles
Following a proposal by the Spanish Society of Pulmonology and Thoracic Surgery (SEPAR), sponsor of the Spanish COPD Guidelines (GesEPOC) and the Spanish Guidelines on the Management of Asthma (GEMA), authors of both papers have unified the criteria for the diagnosis of asthma-COPD overlap syndrome (ACOS). This consensus defines ACOS as the presence in a given patient of three elements: significant smoking exposure, chronic airflow limitation and asthma. Diagnosis is confirmed when a patient (35years of age or older), smoker or ex-smoker of more than 10 pack-years, presents airflow limitation (post-bronchodilator FEV1/FVC<0...
May 8, 2017: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492126/bacteria-isolated-from-the-airways-of-paediatric-patients-with-bronchiectasis-according-to-hiv-status
#19
Charl Verwey, Sithembiso Velaphi, Riaz Khan
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of which bacteria are found in the airways of paediatric patients with bronchiectasis unrelated to cystic fibrosis (CF) is important in defining empirical antibiotic guidelines for the treatment of acute infective exacerbations. OBJECTIVE: To describe the bacteria isolated from the airways of children with non-CF bronchiectasis according to their HIV status. METHODS: Records of children with non-CF bronchiectasis who attended the paediatric pulmonology clinic at Chris Hani Baragwanath Academic Hospital, Johannesburg, South Africa, from April 2011 to March 2013, or were admitted to the hospital during that period, were reviewed...
April 25, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474959/is-a-multidisciplinary-aerodigestive-clinic-more-effective-at-treating-recalcitrant-aerodigestive-complaints-than-a-single-specialist
#20
Janine M Rotsides, Gina M Krakovsky, Dinesh K Pillai, Sona Sehgal, Maura E Collins, Carolyn E Noelke, Nancy M Bauman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the utility of a pediatric multidisciplinary aerodigestive clinic (ADC) in treating recalcitrant aerodigestive conditions. METHODS: Longitudinal observational study of presenting complaints, evaluation, management, and outcome of patients seen during 12 monthly ADCs beginning August 2013. RESULTS: Fifty-five patients were seen by the ADC team (otolaryngology/gastroenterology/pulmonology/speech pathology/nurse practitioner) and followed for a mean 17...
May 1, 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
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